(19)
(11)EP 3 767 155 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
20.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/03

(21)Application number: 19915320.6

(22)Date of filing:  10.04.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F21K 9/20(2016.01)
A01G 7/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2019/082028
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/164179 (20.08.2020 Gazette  2020/34)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 15.02.2019 CN 201910117768
09.04.2019 CN 201910281660

(71)Applicant: Fujian Sanan Sino-Science Photobiotech Co., Ltd.
Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LI, Yang
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)
  • LIU, Guojie
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)
  • MA, Jian
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)
  • NING, Qiushi
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)
  • CHEN, Hengsheng
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)
  • MENG, Linping
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)
  • WANG, Zhi
    Quanzhou, Fujian 362411 (CN)

(74)Representative: Valea AB 
Box 1098
405 23 Göteborg
405 23 Göteborg (SE)

  


(54)LED PLANT GROWTH LAMP LIGHT SPECTRUM


(57) Disclosed is an LED plant growth lamp spectrum, the spectrum comprising: a light wave of 500-599 nm and a light wave of 700-780 nm, where a ratio of the number of photons in the range of 500-599 nm to the number of photons in the range of 700-780 nm is 0.9-1.6:1. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum promotes indoor cultivation and growth of plants, and helps to increase the yield of medicinal components per unit area and per unit time in the factory production.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a plant growth light, and in particular, to an LED plant growth lamp spectrum.

Related Art



[0002] Cannabis products have been taken in various forms for thousands of years. The first description of medical use was in the Chinese herbal text of the first century AD. Cannabis products are orally administered in herbal tea blends and are used due to the properties of pain relief and sleep induction. The effective medicinal components of cannabinoid secondary metabolites are mainly tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCa), cannabidiol acid (CBDa), cannabinol acid (CBNa), cannabichromene acid (CBCa), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN), cannabidiol (CBD), or cannabichromene (CBC), etc. The high-efficiency medicinal components are THC, CBN, CBC, and CBD. CBD exerts analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects through dual inhibition of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase, and has anti-epileptic, anti-psychotic, anti-depressant, analgesic effects, etc. THC can regulate an immune system, eliminate inflammation, stimulate appetite, and has a calming effect. In addition, the THC can be used as a potential drug for the treatment of cancer, and has a broad space for the development and research of its medicinal value. Therefore, a cannabis cultivation technology which obtains a high content of medicinal components has an important application value.

[0003] The ecological factors in indoor cultivation of cannabis, such as light, temperature, humidity and nutrition required for growth are highly stable. Therefore, it is possible to obtain plant raw materials with stable content of medicinal ingredients and stable yield. Moreover, it can be planted multiple times throughout the year without seasonal effect. At present, a high pressure sodium lamp (HPS), a metal halide lamp (MH) and an LED lamp are mainly used to provide a light environment for indoor cultivation of cannabis. Because of the limitations in the spectral design of the HPS and the MH, the achievable spectral energy distribution is limited. Due to the characteristics of narrow spectrum and flexible spectral design, the LED lamp has been widely studied. However, combining LED spectral regulation technology, a solution, which promotes indoor cultivation and growth of cannabis to achieve a better effect of promoting secondary metabolism of cannabis, has not been disclosed.

SUMMARY



[0004] In view of the above deficiencies of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide an LED plant growth lamp spectrum, which promotes indoor cultivation and growth of plants, and helps to increase the yield of medicinal components per unit area and per unit time in the factory production.

[0005] A specific technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
An LED plant growth lamp spectrum, including: a light wave of 500-599 nm and a light wave of 700-780 nm, a ratio of the number of photons in the range of 500-599 nm to the number of photons in the range of 700-780 nm being 0.9-1.6:1.

[0006] In order to better implement the present invention, a peak wavelength is in the range of 510-526 nm in a band of 500-550 nm.

[0007] In order to better implement the present invention, the spectrum further includes: a light wave of 600-699 nm and a light wave of 400-499 nm.

[0008] In order to better implement the present invention, a full-width-at-half-maximum of a corresponding peak light wave in the band of 500-550 nm is less than 50 nm.

[0009] In order to better implement the present invention, in the spectrum, photons in a band of 500-599 account for 18-26% of all spectral photons.

[0010] In order to better implement the present invention, a ratio of the number of photons in a band of 600-699 nm to the number of photons in a band of 400-499 nm is 3.8-4.8:1.

[0011] Correspondingly, the present invention also provides an LED plant growth lamp, a spectrum of the LED plant growth lamp being proportioned using the above method.

[0012] The present invention also provides use of the above LED plant growth lamp, in particular, use thereof in indoor cannabis cultivation.

[0013] In order to better implement the present invention, during the growth of cannabis, the LED plant growth lamp has a light intensity of 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s and a light period of not higher than 15 h/d.

[0014] In order to better implement the present invention, a light source is implemented directly by an LED chip or by using the LED chip to excite a phosphor material.

[0015] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following beneficial effects:
  1. 1. The LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention can replace a high pressure sodium lamp, meets the needs of a growing light environment of cannabis indoor cultivation, and is more energy-saving.
  2. 2. Compared with the high pressure sodium lamp (HPS), the LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention can increase the THC content in cannabis by 44-52%.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0016] 

FIG. 1 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 1.

FIG. 2 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 2.

FIG. 3 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 3.

FIG. 4 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 4.

FIG. 5 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 5.

FIG. 6 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 6.

FIG. 7 is a spectral distribution diagram of an LED plant growth lamp used in Embodiment 7.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0017] The present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the embodiments, but the implementation of the present invention is not limited thereto. Various alternatives and modifications made according to the ordinary skill and conventional means in the art without departing from the technical spirit of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Embodiment 1



[0018] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 1 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 18.2% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 20.2% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 50.4% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 11.2% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 510 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 29 nm.

Embodiment 2



[0019] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 2 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 21.7% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 16.7% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 49.8% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 11.8% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 515 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 34 nm.

Embodiment 3



[0020] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 3 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 23.6% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 16.9% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 49.1% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 10.4% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 519 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 27 nm.

Embodiment 4



[0021] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 4 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 21.2% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 19.3% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 47.8% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 11.7% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 523 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 35 nm.

Embodiment 5



[0022] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 5 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 22.6% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 15.1% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 49.3% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 13.0% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 526 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 30 nm.

Embodiment 6



[0023] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 6 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 24.7% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 17.6% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 47.0% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 10.7% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 520 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 27 nm.

Embodiment 7



[0024] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, an LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention was used to provide a light source. FIG. 7 is a spectral distribution diagram of the used LED plant growth lamp, where the light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, the spectral composition was: 25.9% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 16.2% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 47.0% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 10.9% of 400-499 nm, a peak wavelength was 520 nm in a band of 500-550 nm, and a full-width-at-half-maximum of a peak light wave was 27 nm.

Comparative Example



[0025] The cannabis seedlings with the better roots were transplanted into a substrate or a rock wool. Four plants are placed within one square meter. The ambient temperature was set to T=24-26° C and the humidity was T=RH60-70%. When the height of plants was about 20 cm, the plants were topped for promoting the growth of lateral branches. When the lateral branches were grown for two weeks, the lateral branches were topped to obtain more lateral branches. After four weeks, reproductive growth is beginning. During the reproductive phase, a high pressure sodium (HPS) lamp was used to provide a light source. The light intensity was 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s, the light period was 14 h, and the spectral composition was: 50.0% of a light wave of 500-599 nm, 7.9% of a light wave of 700-780 nm, 37.9% of a light wave of 600-699 nm, and 4.2% of 400-499 nm.

[0026] The content of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in cannabis cultivated by the cultivation methods described in Embodiments 1-7 and Comparative Example 1 was measured, and the results are shown in Table 1.
 Peak wavelength in interval of 500-550nm (nm)Full-width-at -half-maxim um of correspondin g peak light wave in interval of 500-550 nm (nm)Proportion of light wave of 500-599 nm (%)Ratio of number of photons in range of 500-599 nm to number of photons in range of 700-780 nmRatio of number of photons of 600-699 nm to number of photons of 400-499 nmTHC content (%)
Comparative Example - - 50 6.3 9.0 15.8
Embodiment 1 510 29 19.2 0.9 4.5 22.9
Embodiment 2 515 34 21.7 1.3 4.2 23.3
Embodiment 3 519 27 23.6 1.4 4.7 24.0
Embodiment 4 523 35 21.2 1.1 4.1 23.7
Embodiment 5 526 30 22.6 1.5 3.8 23.1
Embodiment 6 520 27 24.7 1.4 4.4 23.8
Embodiment 7 520 27 25.9 1.6 4.3 23.2


[0027] It can be seen from Table 1 that the THC content in cannabis can be increased by 44-52% by the LED plant growth lamp provided by the present invention in comparison with the high pressure sodium lamp (HPS) while other growth conditions and light intensity are the same.


Claims

1. An LED plant growth lamp spectrum, comprising: a light wave of 500-599 nm and a light wave of 700-780 nm, a ratio of the number of photons in the range of 500-599 nm to the number of photons in the range of 700-780 nm being 0.9-1.6:1.
 
2. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum according to claim 1, wherein a peak wavelength is in the range of 510-526 nm in a band of 500-550 nm.
 
3. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum according to claim 1, wherein a peak wavelength is in the range of 730-740 nm in a band of 700-750 nm.
 
4. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum according to claim 1, further comprising: a light wave of 600-699 nm and a light wave of 400-499 nm.
 
5. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum according to claim 2, wherein a full-width-at-half-maximum of a corresponding peak light wave in the band of 500-550 nm is less than 50 nm.
 
6. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum according to claim 1, wherein in the spectrum, photons in a band of 500-599 account for 18-26% of all spectral photons.
 
7. The LED plant growth lamp spectrum according to claim 4, wherein a ratio of the number of photons in a band of 600-699 nm to the number of photons in a band of 400-499 nm is 3.8-4.8:1.
 
8. An LED plant growth lamp, a spectrum of the LED plant growth lamp being proportioned using a proportioning method according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
 
9. Use of an LED plant growth lamp according to claim 8, the accumulation of cannabinoid secondary metabolites being promoted in indoor cannabis cultivation.
 
10. The use according to claim 9, wherein during the growth of cannabis, the LED plant growth lamp has a light intensity of 200 µmol/m2s to 1000 µmol/m2s and a light period of not higher than 15 h/d.
 




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