(19)
(11)EP 3 769 910 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.11.2023 Bulletin 2023/46

(21)Application number: 18916013.8

(22)Date of filing:  27.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B23Q 11/08(2006.01)
B23B 7/06(2006.01)
B23Q 5/40(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B23B 7/06; B23Q 5/40; B23Q 2705/102; B23Q 11/08
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/048021
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/207842 (31.10.2019 Gazette  2019/44)

(54)

MACHINE TOOL

WERKZEUGMASCHINE

MACHINE-OUTIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.04.2018 JP 2018083933

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/04

(73)Proprietor: Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka 422-8654 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • DENO, Masatoshi
    Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka 422-8654 (JP)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-U- 206 677 657
GB-A- 316 469
JP-A- 2014 065 083
JP-A- 2017 136 646
US-A- 5 871 283
GB-A- 316 469
JP-A- H0 760 593
JP-A- 2016 036 882
JP-A- 2017 136 646
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a machine tool having a moving unit movable with respect to a supporting unit to machine a workpiece.

    BACKGROUD ART



    [0002] A machine tool includes a well-known lathe of slidable spindle type having a guide bush provided in front of a spindle to slidably support a workpiece. A driving apparatus for moving a headstock provided with the spindle in a spindle axis direction includes a ball screw having a threaded shaft extended along a spindle axis and a nut, a slidable guide structure having a rail and a guide, and a servo motor for rotating the threaded shaft. The headstock is provided with, for example, a ball screw cover for protection, for safety, and for prevention of workpiece chips spreading over the ball screw.

    [0003] Patent Document 1 discloses a lathe of slidable spindle type having a first front cover screwed to the headstock, a second front cover screwed to a front end supporting unit rotatably holding a front end of a driving mechanism when a guide bush is used, and a rear cover screwed to the headstock. The driving mechanism provided in front of the spindle is thereby covered by the first front cover and the second front cover. The moving range of the headstock in the spindle axis direction is on the further front side when the guide bush is not used compared to when the guide bush is used. The second front cover is removed from the front end supporting unit when the guide bush is not used and screwed to a rear end supporting unit rotatably holding the rear end of the driving mechanism. The second front cover thereby acts as a common cover covering part of the driving mechanism provided behind the headstock. The driving mechanism provided behind the headstock is covered by the rear cover and the second front cover.

    PRIOR ART DOCUMENT


    PATENT DOCUMENT



    [0004] Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Publication No.2017-136646

    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0005] In switching the state that the guide bush is used to the state that the guide bush is not used, the second front cover is necessarily removed from the front end supporting unit by loosening a screw and then the removed second front cover is necessarily attached to the rear end supporting unit by fastening a screw. In switching the state that the guide bush is not used to the state that the guide bush is used, the second front cover is necessarily removed from the rear end supporting unit by loosening the screw and then the removed second front cover is necessarily attached to the front end supporting unit by fastening the screw.

    [0006] It would be convenient to facilitate the work of switching between the state that the guide bush is used and the state that the guide bush is not used. Such convenience widely applies to a machine tool provided with a moving unit having different moving ranges between the first use state and the second use state.

    [0007] The present invention discloses a machine tool capable of facilitating the work of switching moving ranges of the moving unit.

    TECHNICAL SOLUTION



    [0008] A machine tool of the invention is defined by independent claim 1. Optional embodiments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims.

    ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS



    [0009] The invention provides a machine tool capable of facilitating the work of switching the moving ranges of the moving unit.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] 

    FIG. 1 is a partial sectional front view schematically showing part of a lathe when a spindle is in the most retracted position in the state that a guide bush is mounted.

    FIG. 2 is a partial sectional front view schematically showing part of a lathe when a spindle is in the most advanced position in the state that a guide bush is mounted.

    FIG. 3 is a partial sectional front view schematically showing part of a lathe when a spindle is in the most retracted position in the state that a guide bush is removed.

    FIG. 4 is a partial sectional front view schematically showing part of a lathe when a spindle is in the most advanced position in the state that a guide bush is removed.

    FIG. 5 is a side view schematically showing part of the lathe seen from the rear side in the spindle axis direction.

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view schematically showing an example of a moving-side cover, a supporting-side cover, and a slide cover.

    FIG. 7 is a planar view schematically showing an example of positional relationship of the moving-side cover, the supporting-side cover, and the slide cover.

    FIG. 8A and FIG. 8B is a planar view schematically showing an example of the moving-side cover, the supporting-side cover, and the slide cover.

    FIG. 8C is a front view schematically showing an example of the moving-side cover, the supporting-side cover, and the slide cover.

    FIG. 9A and FIG. 9B are side views schematically showing an example of the moving-side cover, the supporting-side cover, and the slide cover.


    MODE FOR INVENTION



    [0011] Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described. The invention is not limited to the exemplary embodiment and the features disclosed herein are not necessarily essential to the invention.

    (1) Summary of inventive technology:



    [0012] Technology of the invention will be described with reference to FIG. 1 to FIG. 9B. The drawings only schematically show an example of the invention. They may have a mismatch to each other due to different maginification in each direction. Each element denoted by a symbol is only an example.

    (Embodiment 1)



    [0013] A machine tool of the invention (a lathe 1) may comprise a driving apparatus 20 provided on a supporting unit (a bed 2), a supporting-side engaging member (a threaded shaft 23) of the driving apparatus 20 provided along a moving direction (a spindle axis direction D1) of a moving unit (a headstock 10), a moving-side engaging member (a nut 24) provided on the moving unit (10) movably in the moving direction (D1) to be engaged with the supporting-side engaging member (23). The moving unit (10) may move in the moving direction (D1) to machine a workpieceW1 in a first moving range 110 in a first use state ST1 (a state that a guide bush 32 is used) and in a second moving range 120 different from the first moving range 110 in a second use state ST2 (a state that the guide bush 32 is not used).

    [0014] The moving range (110, 120) may represent a moving range of a predetermined point of the moving unit (10) by using the predetermined point as a reference. The length of the moving unit in the spindle axis direction may be excluded. The front end of the nut 24 is used as the reference to show the moving ranges in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4. The position corresponding to a front end 41 of a moving-side cover 40 is used as the reference to show the moving ranges in FIG. 7.

    [0015] The machine tool may further comprise the moving-side cover 40, a supporting-side cover 50, and a slide cover 60. The moving-side cover 40 may be provided on the moving unit (10) to cover part of a position of the driving apparatus 20 in the moving direction (D). In the first use state ST1, the supporting-side cover 50 may be provided in a position on a side of the first moving range 110 (on the rear side) of the end 41 of the moving-side cover 40 on a side of the second moving range 120 (on the front side) in the moving direction (D1) to continuously cover part of the position of the driving apparatus 20 in the moving direction (D1) in cooperation with the moving-side cover 40. In the second use state ST2, a clearance CL1 may be formed between the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 in the moving direction (D1). The slide cover 60 may be mounted on one of the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 (the supporting-side cover 50 in FIG. 7) slidably in the moving direction (D1) to close the clearance CL1 when slidably drawn out in the moving direction (D1) in the second use state ST2.

    [0016] The supporting-side cover 50 may be provided in a position on the side of the first moving range 110 (on the rear side) of the end 41 of the moving-side cover 40 on the side of the second moving range 120 (on the front side) in the moving direction (D1). In the first use state ST1 that the moving unit (10) moves in the moving direction (D1) in the first moving range 110, the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 may continuously cover part of the position of the driving apparatus 20 in the moving direction (D1). In the second use state ST2 that the moving unit (10) moves in the moving direction (D1) in the second moving range 120, there may be formed the clearance CL1 between the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 in the moving direction (D1). The clearance CL1 may be closed by the slide cover 60 drawn out in the moving direction (D1) from a companion cover, which is one of the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40. The supporting-side cover 50, the slide cover 60, and the moving-side cover 40 may continuously cover part of the driving apparatus 20.

    [0017] The above structure prevents cut chips of the workpiece W1 going to the driving apparatus 20 for improved protection and safety. The slide cover 60 contributes to a reduction in size of the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 in the moving direction (D1), resulting in a reduction in machine dimensions in the moving direction (D1).

    [0018] Furthermore, the first use state ST1 can be switched to the second use state ST2 by a simple operation of only drawing out the slide cover 60 from the companion cover. The second use state ST2 can be switched to the first use state ST1 by a simple operation of only sliding the slide cover 60 over the companion cover. The embodiment provides a machine tool capable of facilitating the work of switching the moving ranges of the moving unit.

    [0019] The moving unit may include a headstock and a tool post. The headstock may include a front headstock and a back headstock. The supporting unit may include a bed of the machine tool and a table movably mounted on the bed.

    [0020] The supporting-side engaging member may be a separate member mounted on the supporting unit or may be integrally formed therewith.

    [0021] The moving-side engaging member may be a separate member mounted on the moving unit or may be integrally formed therewith.

    [0022] The combination of the supporting-side engaging member and the moving-side engaging member may include a driving mechanism for driving the moving unit in the moving direction and a guide mechanism for guiding the moving unit in the moving direction. Particulary, the combination includes a combination of a threaded shaft and a nut, a combination of a rail and a guide, and a combination of a dovetail groove and a dovetail.

    [0023] The cover may directly cover part of the position of the driving apparatus. The cover may indirectly cover the driving apparatus through another member (another cover).

    [0024] Covering part of the position of the driving apparatus includes covering part of the area where the driving apparatus is located. When the cover is provided above the driving apparatus, the cover may overlap part of the area where the driving apparatus is located in a planar view as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5.

    [0025] The supporting-side cover may be mounted on a motor of the driving mechanism or may be mounted on the supporting unit. The supporting-side cover may be a housing of the motor.

    [0026] The moving-side cover may be detachably mounted on the moving unit. The moving-side cover may be mounted on a metal fitting provided on the moving unit. The moving-side cover may be integrally formed with the moving unit.

    [0027] The supporting-side cover may be detachably mounted on a base including the motor and the supporting unit. The supporting-side cover may be mounted on a metal fitting provided on the base. The supporting-side cover may be integrally formed with the base. The above remarks may apply to the following embodiments.

    (Embodiment 2)



    [0028] The companion cover of the slide cover may be the supporting-side cover 50 as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4. The slide cover mounted on the supporting-side cover 50 does not move. That needs only a lightweight mechanism for mounting the slide cover and contributes to a reduction in driving energy for the moving unit.

    (Embodiment 3)



    [0029] The machine tool (1) comprises a positioning structure 130 for positioning the slide cover 60 in a position adapted to one of the first use state ST1 and the second use state ST when slid in the moving direction (D1) with respect to the companion cover. The embodiment provides a machine tool capable of further facilitating the work of switching the moving ranges of the moving unit.

    (Embodiment 4)



    [0030] The moving unit (10) may be provided with a spindle 12 rotatable along with the workpiece W1 on a spindle axis AX1 along the moving direction (D1). The machine tool (1) may further comprise a supporting bed 30 where the guide bush 32 is detachably mounted in front of the spindle 12 to slidably support the workpiece W1. The first use state ST1 may be a state that the guide bush 32 is mounted on the supporting bed 30. The second use state ST2 may be a state that the guide bush 32 is removed from the supporting bed 30. The second moving range 120 may be nearer the supporting bed 30 than the first moving range 110 is. The embodiment facilitates the work of switching the state that the guide bush is used and the state that the guide bush is not used.

    (2) Hardware configuration of the machine tool



    [0031] FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 each is a partial cross-sectional view schematically showing a configuration of the NC (numerical control) lathe 1 of sliding headstock type as an example of a machine tool. FIG. 1 shows part of the lathe 1 whose headstock 10 is in the most retracted position in the state the guide bush 32 is mounted on the supporting bed 30 (an example of the first use state ST1). The position of the spindle 12 when the headstock 10 is in the most advanced position is shown by a two-dot line. FIG.2 shows part of the lathe 1 whose headstock 10 is in the most advanced position in the state that the guide bush 32 is mounted on the supporting bed 30. FIG. 3 shows part of the lathe 1 whose headstock 10 is in the most retracted position in the state the guide bush 32 is removed from the supporting bed 30 (an example of the second use state ST2). FIG.4 shows part of the lathe 1 whose headstock 10 is in the most advanced position in the state that the guide bush 32 is removed from the supporting bed 30. The covers 50 and 60 each has an extended portions 50c and 60c (not shown). The drawings include the spindle axis AX1, a horizontal spindle axis direction D1 (an example of the moving direction), a front side S1 in the spindle axis direction D1, a rear side S2 in the spindle axis direction D1, and a diameter direction D2 perpendicular to the spindle axis direction D1. The drawings each only show an example for explanation and therefore the invention is not limited thereto. A positional relation between elements is only an example for explanation. The front and back direction may be replaced by the up and down direction or by an oblique direction. The rotational direction may be inversed. If something is the same as something in direction or position, they may be the same or almost the same within an error range.

    [0032] FIG. 5 schematically shows part of the lathe 1 viewed from the rear side S2 in the spindle axis direction D1. The diameter direction D2 may comprise the X-axis direction ant the Y-axis direction. The X-axis direction may be a horizontal direction perpendicular to the spindle axis direction D1. The Y-axis direction may be a vertical direction perpendicular to the spindle axis direction D1. FIG. 5 includes an expanded view of the supporting-side cover 50 and the slide cover 60. FIG. 6 schematically shows the moving-side cover 40, the supporting-side cover 50, and the slide cover 60. Another cover (not shown) may be provided to cover the driving apparatus 20 in a position in front of the headstock 10.

    [0033] The lathe 1 as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 may comprise a bed 2 (an example of the supporting unit), a control unit 8, the headstock 10 (an example of the moving unit), the driving apparatus 20, the guide bush supporting bed 30, a tool post 35, and the covers 40, 50, and 60. The bed 2, which may be referred to as a table, may be a support for the headstock 10, the driving apparatus 20, the guide bush supporting bed 30 and others. A primary part of the bed 2, the headstock 10, the supporting bed 30, the tool post 35, and the tool T1 may be made of metal. The control unit 8 may comprise a RAM (Random Access Memory) storing an NC program, a ROM (Read Only Memory) storing an interpretive executing program for the NC program, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) executing the interpretive executing program, a timer circuit, and an interface. The control unit 8 may control operation of the headstock 10, the driving apparatus 20, the supporting bed 30, and the tool post 35 in accordance with the NC program.

    [0034] The spindle 12 provided on the headstock 10 may releasably hold a cylindrical (bar) workpiece W1 inserted in the spindle axis direction D1. The workpiece W1 may be rotatable on the spindle axis AX1 extended along the longitudinal direction of the workpiece W1. A nut 24 (an example of the moving-side engaging member) of a ball screw 22 may be fixed to the headstock 10. A pair of guides 27 (FIG. 5) whose longitudinal direction is along the spindle axis direction D1 may be fixed to the headstock 10. The headstock 10 may be movable in the spindle axis direction D1.

    [0035] The driving apparatus 20 mounted on the bed 2 may comprise a numerically controlled servo motor 21, a threaded shaft 23 extended in the spindle axis direction D1, and a pair of rails 28 (FIG. 5). Each of the rails 28 whose longitudinal direction is along the spindle axis direction D1 may be mounted on the bed 2. The guide 27 fixed on the headstock 10 may be engaged with the rail 28 slidably in the spindle axis direction D1. Two sets of a combination of the guide 27 and the rail 28 may be provided on both sides of the threaded shaft 23 in the X-axis direction. The guide may be mounted on the bed 2 and the rail may be mounted on the headstock 10.

    [0036] A front end 23a of the threaded shaft 23 may be rotatably supported on an axis of the threaded shaft 23 by a front-end supporting member 25 provided on the bed 2. A rear end 23b of the threaded shaft 23 may be connected to the motor 21 via a coupling (not shown). The nut 24 may be engaged with the threaded shaft 23 movably in the spindle axis direction D1 via balls (not shown). The ball screw 22 may be a mechanical component comprising the threaded shaft 23 and the nut 24 operable via the balls. Rotation of the threaded shaft 23 on the spindle axis AX1 can move the nut 24 in the spindle axis direction D1. The motor 21 may drive the threaded shaft 23 in accordance with a command from the control unit 8. The headstock 10 along with the nut 24 may thereby move along the pair of rails 28 in the spindle axis direction D1.

    [0037] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the guide bush 32 mounted on the supporting bed 30 may be arranged in front of the spindle 12 to slidably support the longitudinal workpiece W1 inserted in the spindle 12 in the spindle axis direction D1. The guide bush 32 may be rotated on the spindle axis AX1 in synchronization with the spindle 12. The guide bush 32 may be detachably attached to a through-hole penetrating the supporting bed 30 in the spindle axis direction. The guide bush prevents a bend of a long bar workpiece for higher precision machining. When the guide bush is used, the headstock 10 may be driven to move the spindle 12 in the spindle axis direction D1 in a first moving range 110 behind the guide bush 32. FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 shows the moving ranges 110 and 120 by using the position corresponding to the front end of the nut 24 as a reference only for illustrative convenience. When the guide bush 32 is used, a longer workpiece may be left uncut. Since the guide bush 32 supports the outer periphery of the workpiece W1, the workpiece W1 that has been machined cannot be retracted in the guide bush for another machining. As shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, when the guide bush 32 is removed from the supporting bed 30, the spindle 12 can move in the spindle axis direction D1 in the second moving range 120 to work on the workpiece W1. The second moving range 120 when the guide bush is not used is on the further front side S1 compared to the first moving range 110 when the guide bush is used. The guide bush may not be limited to a rotatable guide bush, but a stationary type may be available.

    [0038] The tool post 35 may be supported in front of the supporting bed 30 movably in the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction. The tool post 35 may have a plurality of tools T1. The tool T1 may comprise a stationary tool including a non-rotatable turning tool and a rotary tool including a rotary drill. When the guide bush is used, the tool T1 may be applied to the workpiece W1 protruded from the guide bush 32. When the guide bush is not used, the tool T1 may be applied to the workpiece W1 protruded from the spindle 12. The tool post 35 may include a turret tool post and a gang tool post.

    [0039] The covers 40, 50, and 60 may continuously cover the driving apparatus 20 provided behind the nut 24 in the spindle axis direction D1. The driving apparatus 20 having the motor 21 and the threaded shaft 23 may be directly or indirectly mounted on the bed 2.

    [0040] The moving-side cover 40 may be fixed to the headstock 10 to cover part of the driving apparatus 20 including the threaded shaft 23 in the spindle axis direction D1. FIG. 6 includes a perspective view of the moving-side cover 40. The moving-side cover 40 may comprise a substantially horizontal base 40b and a bend 40d extended upwards from a front end 41. Instead, the moving-side cover 40 may have extended portions extended downwards from both ends of the base 40b in the X-axis direction in a position outside of extended portions 50c and 60c of the covers 50 and 60. The bend 40d may have a plurality of insertion holes 43 for screws SC1. The number of the insertion hole may not be limited to two, but a single hole or three or more holes may be available. There may be provided a threaded hole on the back side of the headstock 10. The screw SC1 inserted in the insertion hole 43 may be screwed to the threaded hole of the headstock 10. The moving-side cover 40 may be thereby attached to the back side of the headstock 10.

    [0041] The supporting-side cover 50 may be fixed on the motor 21 in a position behind the front end 41 of the moving-side cover 40 in the spindle axis direction D1. FIG. 6 includes a perspective view of the supporting-side cover 50. The supporting-side cover 50 may comprise a substantially horizontal base 50b and extended portions 50c extended downwards from both ends of the base 50b in the X-axis direction. The base 50b and the extended portions 50c may form a groove 50b opened downwards whose longitudinal direction is along the spindle axis direction D1. The extended portion 50c may protect the driving apparatus 20 against cut chips entering from the X-axis direction. The base 50b may be provided with a threaded hole 53 to be engaged with the screw SC2. The screw SC2 may fasten the slide cover 60 onto the supporting-side cover 50 slidably in the spindle axis direction D1. As shown in FIG. 6, the base 50b may be provided with the two threaded holes 53 near the front end 51 and the two threaded holes 53 on the rear side S2 provided apart from the front threaded holes by a predetermined space to match two elongated holes 63 of the slide cover 60. The number of the threaded holes 53 may not be limited to four. Three or less or five or more holes may be available.

    [0042] The slide cover 60 may be mounted on the supporting-side cover 50 (an example of the companion cover) slidably in the spindle axis direction D1 but in a non-detachable manner. FIG. 6 includes a perspective view of the slide cover 60. The slide cover 60 may comprise a substantially horizontal base 60b, extended portions 60c extended downwards from both ends of the base 60b in the X-axis direction, and a bend 60d extended upwards from a front end 61 of the base 60b. The base 60b and the extended portions 60c may form a groove 60a opened downwards whose longitudinal direction is along the spindle axis direction D1. The extended portion 60c may protect the driving apparatus 20 against cut chips entering from the X-axis direction.

    [0043] The base 60b may be provided with the two elongated holes 63 for receiving the two screws SC2 arranged in the spindle axis direction D1. The screw SC2 may not be screwed to the elongated hole 63 but may only pass therethrough. The width of the elongated hole 63, which corresponds to the length in the X-axis direction, may be slightly longer than the diameter of a thread of the screw SC2. The elongated hole 63 may be formed to allow the received screws SC2 to be displaced in the spindle axis direction D1. The elongated hole 63 may be provided in a position overlapping the two threaded holes 53 arranged in the spindle axis direction D1 in planar view. The screws SC2 in the elongated hole 63 screwed to the two threaded holes 53 arranged in the spindle axis direction D1 prevents separation of the slide cover 60 from the supporting-side cover 50 and still allows the slide cover 60 to be displaced with respect to the supporting-side cover 50 in the spindle axis direction D1. The number of the elongated holes 63 may not be limited to two. A single or three or more holes may be available.

    [0044] FIG. 7 schematically shows positional relationship of the covers 40, 50, and 60 in planar view. The screw SC2 is viewed in section at a position of the elongated hole 63. The driving apparatus 20 (not shown in FIG. 7) may be arranged under the covers and in a position behind the covers in a planar view of FIG. 7. Only for convenience of illustration, the moving ranges 110 and 120 of the headstock 10 are shown based on the position corresponding to the front end 41 of the moving-side cover 40.

    [0045] In the first use state ST1 that the guide bush 32 is used, as shown in an upper half of FIG. 7, the slide cover 60 may be screwed to the supporting-side cover 50 at a position where the front screw SC2 abuts against the front end 63a of the elongated hole 63. The elongated hole 63 of the slide cover 60 having the front end 63a, the front threaded screw 53 of the supporting-side cover 50 (FIG. 6), the screw SC2 screwed to the front threaded screw 53 may constitute a positioning structure 131 that positions the slide cover 60 in a position adapted to the first use state ST1. The upper half of FIG. 7 shows the position of the moving-side cover 40 when the headstock 10 is in the most retracted position (above) and when the headstock 10 is in the most advanced position (below). In the second use state ST2 that the guide bush 32 is not used, as shown in a lower half of FIG. 7, the slide cover 60 may be screwed to the supporting-side cover 50 at a position where the rear screw SC2 abuts against the rear end 63b of the elongated hole 63. The elongated hole 63 of the slide cover 60 having the rear end 63b, the rear threaded screw 53 of the supporting-side cover 50 (FIG. 6), the screw SC2 screwed to the rear threaded screw 53 may constitute a positioning structure 132 that positions the slide cover 60 in a position adapted to the second use state ST2. The lower half of FIG.7 shows the position of the moving-side cover 40 when the headstock 10 is in the most retracted position (above) and when the headstock 10 is in the most advanced position (below). The positioning structures 131 and 132 may be collectively referred to as a positioning structure130.

    [0046] Being explained a positional relationship of the covers 40, 50, and 60 in the first use state ST1 that the guide bush 32 is used. In the upper half of FIG. 7, the front end 51 of the supporting-side cover 50 may be aligned with the front end 61 of the slide cover 60 in the spindle axis direction D1 while the rear end 52 of the supporting-side cover 50 may be aligned with the rear end 62 of the slide cover 60. The positional relationship of the covers 50 and 60 may not be limited thereto. The front ends 51 and 61 may be different in position and the rear ends 52 and 62 may be different in position as far as the covers 50 and 60 overlap to each other. The slide cover 60 is not drawn out from the supporting-side cover 50 toward the front. The front end 61 of the slide cover 60 therefore does not interfere with the headstock 10 (FIG. 1).

    [0047] The moving-side cover 40 may move along with the headstock 10 in the first moving range 110 in the spindle axis direction D1 when the guide bush is used as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. FIG. 7 shows a retracted end 112 and an advanced end 111 of the first moving range 110 by using the front end 41 of the moving-side cover 40 as a reference. When the moving-side cover 40 moves within the first moving range 110, the supporting-side cover 50 may always be in a position behind the front end 41 of the moving-side cover 40. When the moving-side cover is positioned at the advanced end 111, the rear end 42 of the moving-side cover 40 may never be positioned in front of the front end 51 of the supporting-side cover 50. In the first use state ST1 that the guide bush is used, the both covers 40 and 50 may continuously cover part of the driving apparatus 20 in the spindle axis direction D1.

    [0048] When the guide bush is not used, the guide bush 32 may be removed from the through-hole of the supporting bed 30 and then the headstock 10 may be advanced to let the spindle 12 into the through-hole as shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, which forms a clearance CL1 between the front end 51 of the supporting-side cover 50 and the rear end 42 of the moving-side cover 40 in the spindle axis direction D1. If the front end 51 of the supporting-side cover 50 is extended forwards, the headstock 10 would interfere with the extended front end 51 when moved rearwards (FIG. 1). If the rear end 42 of the moving-side cover 40 is extended rearwards to close the clearance CL1, a housing 3 is necessarily displaced to the rear side S2 to prevent interference with the extended rear end 42 of the moving-side cover 40 when the guide bush is used (FIG. 1 and FIG. 2), which necessarily increases the size of the machine in the spindle axis direction D1.

    [0049] In this embodiment, the slide cover 60 mounted on the supporting-side cover 50 may be drawn out to the front side S1 to close the clearance CL1 between the moving-side cover 40 and the supporting-side cover 50.

    [0050] Being explained a positional relationship of the covers 40, 50, and 60 in the second use state ST2 that the guide bush 32 is not used. In the lower half of FIG. 7, the front end 61 of the slide cover 60 may be in a position in front of the front end 51 of the supporting-side cover 50. The rear end 62 of the slide cover 60 may be in a position between the front end 51 and the rear end 52 of the supporting-side cover 50. The supporting-side cover 50 and the slide cover 60 drawn out therefrom to the front side may continuously cover part of the driving apparatus 20 in the spindle axis direction D1. Part of the slide cover 60 drawn out from the supporting-side cover 50 may be in a position covering the part of the driving apparatus 20 that falls in a range between the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40.

    [0051] The moving-side cover 40 may move along with the headstock 10 in the spindle axis direction D1 within the second moving range 120 when the guide bush is not used as shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4. The second moving range 120 may be in a position in front of the first moving range 110. FIG. 7 shows a retracted end 122 and an advanced end 121 of the second moving range 120 by using the front end 41 of the moving-side cover 40 as a reference. The headstock 10 would not interfere with the front end 61 of the slide cover 60 when moved to the rear side (FIG. 3). When the moving-side cover 40 is positioned at the advanced end 121, the rear end 42 of the moving-side cover 40 is never in a position in front of the front end 61 of the slide cover 60. In the second use state ST2 that the guide bush is not used, the slide cover 60 drawn out from the supporting-side cover 50 to the front side may close the clearance CL1 between the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40. The covers 40, 50, and 60 may continuously cover part of the driving apparatus 20 in the spindle axis direction D 1.

    (3) Method of switching the use states:



    [0052] A method of switching the guide bush use states is being explained.

    [0053] First, the operator may attach the guide bush 32 to the supporting bed 30 as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. Then, the operator may loosen the four screws SC2 screwed to the supporting-side cover 50 to bring the slide cover 60 to the rear side S2 with respect to the supporting-side cover 50. When the front end 63a of the elongated hole 63 abuts against the front screw SC2, the slide cover 60 may be in a position adapted to the first use state ST1 that the guide bush is used. Under the state that the slide cover 60 is in the position adapted to the first use state ST1, the operator may screw the four screws SC2 to the supporting-side cover 50. The slide cover 60 is not necessarily removed from the supporting-side cover 50 during this procedure.

    [0054] In order to switch the first use state ST1 that the guide bush 32 is used to the second use state ST2 that the guide bush 32 is not used, the operator may remove the guide bush 32 from the supporting bed 30 as shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4. Then, the operator may loosen the four screws SC2 screwed to the supporting-side cover 50 to bring the slide cover 60 to the front side S1 with respect to the supporting-side cover 50. When the rear end 63b of the elongated hole 63 abuts against the rear screw SC2, the slide cover 60 may be in a position adapted to the second use state ST2 that the guide bush is not used. Under the state that the slide cover 60 is in the position adapted to the second use state ST2, the operator may screw the four screws SC2 to the supporting-side cover 50. The slide cover 60 is not necessarily removed from the supporting-side cover 50 during this procedure.

    (4) Effect of the embodiment:



    [0055] As described above, in the first use state ST1 that the headstock 10 moves in the first moving range 110 to machine the workpiece W1, the slide cover 60 may be displaced to the rear side S2 and then fastened to the supporting-side cover 50. Accordingly, the part of the driving apparatus 20 behind the nut 24 can be continuously covered by the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 when the guide bush is used. In the second use state ST2 that the headstock 10 moves in the second moving range 120, the slide cover 60 may be displaced to the front side S1 to be fastened to the supporting-side cover 50. The slide cover 60 drawn out from the supporting-side cover 50 to the front side can close the clearance CL1 formed between the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 when the guide bush is not used. Accordingly, the part of the driving apparatus 20 behind the nut 24 can be continuously covered by the supporting-side cover 50, the slide cove 60, and the moving-side cover 40.

    [0056] The part of the driving apparatus 20 behind the nut 24 is thereby protected against cut chips scattered from the workpiece W1 for improved safety. Furthermore, the slide cover 60 positionally variable with respect to the supporting-side cover 50 according to the use states ST1 and ST2 can decrease the length of the supporting-side cover 50 and the moving-side cover 40 in the spindle axis direction D1. The embodiment can therefore decrease the machine dimensions in the spindle axis direction D1.

    [0057] Switching the first use state ST1 that the guide bush 32 is used to the second use state ST2 that the guide bush 32 is not used only requires a simple operation drawing the slide cover 60 out from the supporting-side cover 50. Switching the second use state ST1 to the first use state ST1 only requires a simple operation overlapping the slide cover 60 on the supporting-side cover 50. The slide cover 60 is not necessarily removed from the supporting-side cover 50 and not necessarily attached thereto in either case. The embodiment facilitates the work of switching the moving ranges of the headstock 10.

    [0058] Furthermore, the supporting-side cover 50 and the slide cover 60 have the positioning structure 131 that positions the slide cover 60 in a position adapted to the first use state ST1 and the positioning structure 132 that positions the slide cover 60 in a position adapted to the second use state ST2. In switching the first use state ST1 and the second use state ST2, the slide cover 60 can be readily positioned with respect to the supporting-side cover 50. The embodiment facilitates the work of switching the moving ranges of the headstock 10.

    (5) Modifications:



    [0059] The invention may be implemented in a variety of embodiments. In the embodiment described above, the slide cover 60 may have the elongated hole 63 and the supporting-side cover 50 may have the threaded hole 53 receiving the screw SC2. Instead, the slide cover 60 may have a threaded hole receiving the screw SC2 and the supporting-side cover 50 may have an elongated hole. The screw SC2 may pass through the elongated hole of the supporting-side cover 50 to be screwed to the threaded hole of the slide cover 60. Only loosening the screw SC2 allows the slide cover 60 to slide in the spindle axis direction D1 with respect to the supporting-side cover 50 without detaching the slide cover. The modified embodiment facilitates the work of switching the moving ranges of the headstock. The slide cover 60 may be slidably mounted on an upper surface of the supporting-side cover 50. Instead, the slide cover 60 may be slidably mounted on a lower surface of the supporting-side cover 50.

    [0060] In the embodiment described above, the companion cover of the slide cover 60 may be the supporting-side cover 50. Instead, the companion cover may be the moving-side cover 40. Though the slide cover 60 moving along with the headstock increases the weight of the moving unit, the modification still facilitates the work of switching the moving ranges of the headstock.

    [0061] In the embodiment described above, the driving apparatus 20 provided behind the headstock 10 may be protected by the covers 40, 50, and 60. Instead, the driving apparatus 20 provided in front of the headstock 10 may be protected by the covers. The moving-side cover may be mounted in front of the headstock 10 and the supporting-side cover may be mounted on the front-end supporting member 25. The slide cover may be mounted on the supporting-side cover slidably in the spindle axis direction D1. The driving apparatus 20 provided in front of the headstock 10 can be thereby protected by the covers.

    [0062] The driving apparatus may not be limited to a driving apparatus using a ball screw. The available driving apparatus may include a driving apparatus using a linear motor and a driving apparatus using a rack gear. The invention may be applied to a guide device for guiding the moving unit in the spindle axis direction D1 with respect to the supporting unit. In order to cover the rail 28 (part of the driving apparatus) as shown in FIG. 5, the moving-side cover may be provided on the headstock 10 and the supporting-side cover having the slide cover may be mounted on the bed 2. In the first use state ST1, the supporting-side cover and the moving-side cover may continuously cover part of the position of the rail 28. In the second use state ST2, the supporting-side cover, the slide cover, and the moving-side cover may continuously cover part of the rail 28.

    [0063] The moving unit may not be limited to the headstock. The invention may be applied to the tool post having different moving ranges according the first use state for front machining and the second use state for back machining. In the first use state, the supporting-side cover and the moving-side cover may continuously cover part of the position of the driving apparatus. In the second use state, the supporting-side cover, the slide cover, and the moving-side cover may continuously cover part of the driving apparatus. The invention may be applied to another machine tool but a lathe.

    [0064] As shown in FIG. 8A to FIG. 8C, the combination of the elongated hole 63 and the screw SC2 may have variations. Any unit or member similar to the embodiment described above is being similarly denoted. FIG. 8A shows an embodiment of a single screw SC2 in each elongated hole 63. The supporting-side cover 50 may have a threaded hole to be engaged with the screw SC2. The slide cover 60 may be precisely brought in a position adapted to the first use state by abutting the screw SC2 against the front end 63a of the elongated hole and in a position adapted to the second use state by abutting the screw SC2 against at the rear end 63b of the elongated hole.

    [0065] FIG. 8B shows an embodiment of two screws SC2 in a single elongated hole 63. The supporting-side cover 50 may have a threaded hole to be engaged with each screw SC2. In this embodiment also, the slide cover 60 may be precisely brought in a position adapted to the first use state and the second use state.

    [0066] FIG. 8C shows an embodiment of the elongated hole 63 formed in the extended portion 60c of the slide cover 60. The threaded hole to be engaged with each screw SC2 may be formed in the extended portion 50c of the supporting-side cover 50. In this embodiment also, the slide cover 60 may be precisely brought in a position adapted to the first use state and the second use state. In FIG. 8A to FIG. 8C, the supporting-side cover 50 may have an elongated hole while the slide cover 60 may have a threaded hole to be engaged with the screw SC2.

    [0067] As shown in FIG. 9A and FIG. 9B, the slide cover may be slidably mounted on the companion cover even without the elongated hole 63. Any unit or member similar to the embodiment described above is being similarly denoted. FIG. 9A shows the supporting-side cover 50 not provided with a threaded hole 53 and the slide cover 60 provided with threaded holes 64 and a pair of receiving parts 60e. No elongated hole may be formed in the slide cover 60. Each threaded hole 64 may be engaged with each screw SC2. The pair of receiving parts 60e may be extended closer to each other in the X-axis direction from an end of the extended portion 60c. The threaded hole 64 may always be engaged with the screw SC2. Fastening the screw may push the base 50b of the supporting-side cover 50 to the extending direction of the extended portion 50c. The front end of the extended portion 50c thereby pushed may be brought into the receiving part 60e.

    [0068] When the guide bush 32 is used, the operator may loosen each screw SC2 screwed to the slide cover 60, bring the slide cover 60 to the rear side S2 to reach the position adapted to the first use state ST1 with respect to the supporting-side cover 50, and then fasten each screw SC2. When the guide bush 32 is not used, the operator may loosen each screw SC2 screwed to the slide cover 60, bring the slide cover 60 to the front side S1 to reach the position adapted to the second use state ST1 with respect to the supporting-side cover 50, and then fasten each screw SC2. In any case, there may be no need of removing the slide cover 60 from the supporting-side cover 50. The supporting-side cover 50 may have a recess and the slide cover may have a projection to be slidably engaged with the recess. The recess and the projection may constitute a positioning structure 130 (not shown). The embodiment still has the effect of facilitating the work of switching the moving ranges of the headstock even without such positioning structure.

    [0069] FIG. 9B shows an example of a clamping member 70 used to fasten the slide cover 60 to the supporting-side cover 50. The slide cover 60 may have no elongated hole. The supporting-side cover 50 may have no threaded hole. The clamping member 70 may be provided for each of the combinations of the extended portion 50c of the supporting-side cover 50 and the extended portion 60c of the slide cover 60. The clamping member 70 may apply force to the extended portions 50c and 60c to push to each other in the X-axis direction, thereby fastening the slide cover 60 to the supporting side cover 50. To slidably fasten the slide cover 60 to the supporting-side cover 50 in the spindle axis direction D1, the extended portion 50c may be provided with a groove 50g receiving one end of the clamping member 70 while the extended portion 60c may be provided with a groove 60g receiving the other end of the clamping member 70. The groove 50g of the supporting-side cover 50 may extend in the spindle axis direction D1 with respect to the inner side surface of the extended portion 50c. The groove 60g of the slide cover 60 may extend in the spindle axis direction D1 with respect to the outer side surface of the extended portion 60c. Accordingly, only applying force of the spindle axis direction D1 to the slide cover 60 would slide the slide cover 60 with respect to the supporting-side cover 50. Without the force being applied, the slide cover can be stationary with respect to the supporting side cover 50 by pressing force of the clamping member 70.

    [0070] Furthermore, the ends of the groove 50g and 60g and the clamping member 70 may constitute the positioning structure 130 (not shown).

    (6) Conclusion:



    [0071] As described above, the invention provides a machine tool capable of facilitating the work of switching the moving ranges of the headstock in a variety of embodiments. The essential operations and effects of the invention may be available even from only the elements of independent claim 1.

    DESCRPTION OF SYMBOLS



    [0072] 
    1
    lathe (an example of a machine tool)
    2
    bed (an example of a supporting unit)
    3
    housing
    10
    headstock (an example of a moving unit)
    12
    spindle
    20
    driving apparatus
    21
    motor
    22
    ball screw
    23
    threaded shaft (an example of a supporting-side engaging member)
    24
    nut (an example of a moving-side engaging member)
    27
    guide
    28
    rail
    30
    supporting bed
    32
    guide bush
    35
    tool post
    40
    moving-side cover
    41,42
    end
    43
    through-hole
    50
    supporting-side cover
    50c
    extended portion
    51,52
    end
    53
    threaded hole
    60
    slide cover
    60c
    extended portion
    61,62
    end
    63
    elongated hole
    63a
    front end
    63b
    rear end
    110
    first moving range
    120
    second moving range
    130,131,132
    positioning structure
    AX1
    spindle axis
    CL1
    clearance
    D1
    spindle axis direction (an example of moving direction)
    S1
    front side
    S2
    rear side
    SC1, SC2
    screw
    ST1
    first use state
    ST2
    second use state
    W1
    workpiece



    Claims

    1. A machine tool (1) comprising:

    a driving apparatus (20) provided on a supporting unit (2), the driving apparatus (20) having a supporting-side engaging member (23) provided along a moving direction (D1) of a moving unit (10), and

    a moving-side engaging member (24) provided on the moving unit (10) movably in the moving direction (D1) to be engaged with the supporting-side engaging member (23),

    wherein the moving unit (10) moves in the moving direction (D1) to machine a workpiece (W1) in a first moving range (110) in a first use state (ST1) and in a second moving range (120) different from the first moving range (110) in a second use state (ST2),

    the machine tool (1) further comprising:

    a moving-side cover (40) provided on the moving unit (10) to cover part of a position of the driving apparatus (20) in the moving direction (D1);

    characterized by a supporting-side cover (50) provided in a position on a side of the first moving range (110) of an end (41) of the moving-side cover (40) on a side of the second moving range (120) in the moving direction (D1) to continuously cover the part of the position of the driving apparatus (20) in the moving direction (D1) in cooperation with the moving-side cover (40) in the first use state (ST1), the supporting-side cover (50) forming a clearance (CL1) in the moving direction (D1) with respect to the moving-side cover (40) in the second use state (ST2);

    a slide cover (60) mounted on a companion cover slidably in the moving direction (D1) to close the clearance (CL1) when slidably drawn out in the moving direction (D1) from the companion cover in the second use state (ST2), the companion cover being one of supporting-side cover (50) and the moving-side cover (40);

    a first positioning structure (131) which positions the slide cover (60) in a position adapted to the first use state (ST1) when the slide cover (60) is slid in the moving direction (D1) with respect to the companion cover; and

    a second positioning structure (132) which positions the slide cover (60) in a position adapted to the second use state (ST2).


     
    2. The machine tool (1) of claim 1, wherein the companion cover is the supporting-side cover (50).
     
    3. The machine tool (1) of claim 1 or 2, wherein the moving unit (10) is provided with a spindle (12) rotatable along with the workpiece (W1) on a spindle axis (AX1) along the moving direction (D1), the machine tool (1) further comprising a supporting bed (30) provided in front of the spindle (12) to detachably hold a guide bush (32) slidably supporting the workpiece (W1), wherein the first use state (ST1) is a state that the guide bush (32) is mounted on the supporting bed (30), the second use state (ST2) is a state that the guide bush (32) is removed from the supporting bed (30), and the second moving range (120) is nearer the supporting bed (30) than the first moving range (110) is.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Werkzeugmaschine (1), umfassend:

    eine Antriebsvorrichtung (20), die an einer Supporteinheit (2) vorgesehen ist, wobei die Antriebsvorrichtung (20) ein supportseitiges Eingriffselement (23) aufweist, das entlang einer Bewegungsrichtung (D1) einer Bewegungseinheit (10) vorgesehen ist, und

    ein bewegungsseitiges Eingriffselement (24), das an der Bewegungseinheit (10) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) beweglich vorgesehen ist, um mit dem supportseitigen Eingriffselement (23) in Eingriff zu stehen,

    wobei sich die Bewegungseinheit (10) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) bewegt, um ein Werkstück (W1) in einem ersten Bewegungsbereich (110) in einem ersten Verwendungszustand (ST1) und in einem zweiten Bewegungsbereich (120), der sich von dem ersten Bewegungsbereich (110) unterscheidet, in einem zweiten Verwendungszustand (ST2) zu bearbeiten,

    wobei die Werkzeugmaschine (1) ferner umfasst:

    eine bewegungsseitige Abdeckung (40), die an der Bewegungseinheit (10) vorgesehen ist, um einen Teil einer Position der Antriebsvorrichtung (20) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) abzudecken;

    gekennzeichnet durch eine supportseitige Abdeckung (50), die in einer Position auf einer Seite des ersten Bewegungsbereichs (110) eines Endes (41) der bewegungsseitigen Abdeckung (40) auf einer Seite des zweiten Bewegungsbereichs (120) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) vorgesehen ist, um kontinuierlich den Teil der Position der Antriebsvorrichtung (20) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) im Zusammenwirken mit der bewegungsseitigen Abdeckung (40) im ersten Verwendungszustand (ST1) abzudecken, wobei die supportseitige Abdeckung (50) in dem zweiten Verwendungszustand (ST2) einen Zwischenraum (CL1) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) in Bezug auf die bewegungsseitige Abdeckung (40) bildet;

    eine Schiebeabdeckung (60), die an einer Begleitabdeckung in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) verschiebbar angebracht ist, um den Zwischenraum (CL1) zu schließen, wenn sie in dem zweiten Verwendungszustand (ST2) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) aus der Begleitabdeckung herausgezogen wird, wobei die Begleitabdeckung entweder die supportseitige Abdeckung (50) oder die bewegungsseitige Abdeckung (40) ist;

    eine erste Positionierungsstruktur (131), die die Schiebeabdeckung (60) in einer Position positioniert, die an den ersten Verwendungszustand (ST1) angepasst ist, wenn die Schiebeabdeckung (60) in der Bewegungsrichtung (D1) in Bezug auf die Begleitabdeckung verschoben wird; und

    eine zweite Positionierungsstruktur (132), die die Schiebeabdeckung (60) in einer Position positioniert, die an den zweiten Verwendungszustand (ST2) angepasst ist.


     
    2. Werkzeugmaschine (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Begleitabdeckung die supportseitige Abdeckung (50) ist.
     
    3. Werkzeugmaschine (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Bewegungseinheit (10) mit einer Spindel (12) versehen ist, die zusammen mit dem Werkstück (W1) auf einer Spindelachse (AX1) drehbar ist, längs der Bewegungsrichtung (D1), die Werkzeugmaschine (1) ferner ein Supportbett (30) umfasst, das vor der Spindel (12) vorgesehen ist, um eine Führungsbuchse (32) abnehmbar zu halten, die das Werkstück (W1) verschiebbar trägt, wobei der erste Verwendungszustand (ST1) ein Zustand ist, in dem die Führungsbuchse (32) auf dem Supportbett (30) montiert ist, der zweite Verwendungszustand (ST2) ein Zustand ist, in dem die Führungsbuchse (32) von dem Supportbett (30) entfernt ist, und der zweite Bewegungsbereich (120) näher an dem Supportbett (30) liegt als der erste Bewegungsbereich (110).
     


    Revendications

    1. Machine-outil (1) comprenant :

    un appareil d'entraînement (20) prévu sur une unité de support (2), l'appareil d'entraînement (20) ayant un élément d'engagement côté support (23) prévu le long d'une direction de déplacement (D1) d'une unité de déplacement (10), et

    un élément d'engagement côté déplacement (24) prévu de manière déplaçable sur l'unité de déplacement (10) dans la direction de déplacement (D1) pour être engagé avec l'élément d'engagement côté support (23),

    dans laquelle l'unité de déplacement (10) se déplace dans la direction de déplacement (D1) pour usiner une pièce à oeuvrer (W1) dans une première plage de déplacement (110) dans un premier état d'utilisation (ST1) et dans une seconde plage de déplacement (120) différente de la première plage de déplacement (110) dans un second état d'utilisation (ST2),

    la machine-outil (1) comprenant en outre :

    une couverture côté déplacement (40) prévue sur l'unité de déplacement (10) pour couvrir une partie d'une position de l'appareil d'entraînement (20) dans la direction de déplacement (D1) ;

    caractérisée par une couverture côté support (50) prévue dans une position sur un côté de la première plage de déplacement (110) d'une extrémité (41) de la couverture côté déplacement (40) sur un côté de la seconde plage de déplacement (120) dans la direction de déplacement (D1) pour couvrir en continu la partie de la position de l'appareil d'entraînement (20) dans la direction de déplacement (D1) en coopération avec la couverture côté déplacement (40) dans le premier état d'utilisation (ST1), la couverture côté support (50) formant un jeu (CL1) dans la direction de déplacement (D1) par rapport à la couverture côté déplacement (40) dans le second état d'utilisation (ST2) ;

    une couverture coulissante (60) montée de manière coulissante sur une couverture complémentaire dans la direction de déplacement (D1) pour fermer le jeu (CL1) quand elle est tirée vers l'extérieur de manière coulissante dans la direction de déplacement (D1) depuis la couverture complémentaire dans le second état d'utilisation (ST2), la couverture complémentaire étant l'une de la couverture côté support (50) et de la couverture côté déplacement (40) ;

    une première structure de positionnement (131) qui positionne la couverture coulissante (60) dans une position adaptée au premier état d'utilisation (ST1) quand la couverture coulissante (60) est coulissée dans la direction de déplacement (D1) par rapport à la couverture complémentaire ; et

    une seconde structure de positionnement (132) qui positionne la couverture coulissante (60) dans une position adaptée au second état d'utilisation (ST2).


     
    2. Machine-outil (1) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la couverture complémentaire est la couverture côté support (50).
     
    3. Machine-outil (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle l'unité de déplacement (10) est dotée d'une broche (12) pouvant être mise en rotation conjointement avec la pièce à oeuvrer (W1) sur un axe de broche (AX1) le long de la direction de déplacement (D1), la machine-outil (1) comprenant en outre un lit de support (30) prévu à l'avant de la broche (12) pour maintenir de manière détachable une douille de guidage (32) supportant de manière coulissante la pièce à oeuvrer (W1), dans laquelle le premier état d'utilisation (ST1) est un état dans lequel la douille de guidage (32) est montée sur le lit de support (30), le second état d'utilisation (ST2) est un état dans lequel la douille de guidage (32) est retirée du lit de support (30), et la seconde plage de déplacement (120) est plus proche du lit de guidage (30) que ne l'est la première plage de déplacement (110).
     




    Drawing
































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description