(19)
(11)EP 3 774 222 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
03.08.2022 Bulletin 2022/31

(21)Application number: 19717045.9

(22)Date of filing:  27.03.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B26B 21/22(2006.01)
B26B 21/40(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B26B 21/225; B26B 21/4031
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2019/024174
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/191156 (03.10.2019 Gazette  2019/40)

(54)

SHAVING RAZOR SYSTEM INCLUDING SKIN INTERCONNECT MEMBER

RASIERERSYSTEM MIT HAUTVERBINDUNGSELEMENT

SYSTÈME DE RASOIR COMPRENANT UN ÉLÉMENT D'INTERCONNEXION DE PEAU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.03.2018 US 201862650292 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(73)Proprietor: The Gillette Company LLC
Boston, Massachusetts 02127 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • PATEL, Ashok, Bakul
    Boston, Massachusetts 02127 (US)
  • JOHNSON, Robert, Harold
    Boston, Massachusetts 02127 (US)
  • WASHINGTON, Jack, Anthony
    Boston, Massachusetts 02127 (US)
  • BRUNO, Michael, Hal
    Boston, Massachusetts 02127 (US)

(74)Representative: P&G Patent Germany 
Procter & Gamble Service GmbH Sulzbacher Straße 40
65824 Schwalbach am Taunus
65824 Schwalbach am Taunus (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 304 196
US-A1- 2012 124 840
US-B2- 8 650 763
GB-A- 2 030 909
US-A1- 2013 081 276
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a shaving razor system, and more particularly to a shaving razor system including at least one skin interconnect member.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Razor cartridges are designed to cut or shave a user's hair. The cartridges include one or more blades having at least one sharpened edge. The blades are held in place by what is commonly referred to as a housing. The housing typically includes one or more features to improve the overall shaving experience. Such common features include a guard which is located on the housing in front of the blades and a cap which is located behind the blades. The guard often includes an elastomeric member and the cap often includes a lubricating strip of some kind.

    [0003] On the market today are a vast number of razor cartridge configurations. Some have big guards, some have smaller guards, some guards have elastomeric members with fins while others have elastomeric members with depressions and some guards have lubricating strips. Similarly, some razor cartridges have big caps, some have smaller caps, and some caps have a lubricating strip. Most razors today provide skin benefits directly on the razor cartridge via the cap, the lubricating strip, soap elements, and/or skin engaging elastomeric fin elements.

    [0004] Most wet shaving systems available today use these types of razor cartridges that attach to a handle. After a blade within the razor cartridge becomes dull, the razor cartridge may be disposed of and a new razor cartridge may be attached to the same handle. Users typically hold onto their handles for a very long time. A variety of techniques have been used for attaching razor cartridges to handles. Most techniques include attaching the razor cartridge to the handle in a way that allows the razor cartridge to pivot in a controlled manner, about its major axis. Pivotal attachment of the razor cartridge allows the blade or blades mounted in the razor cartridge to follow skin surface contours independently of the handle orientation. The razor cartridge is pivotal between limits and ordinarily is biased toward a preferred neutral angular position vis-a-vis the handle. A variety of techniques have been used for detaching razor cartridges to handles. Most techniques include a cartridge eject mechanism mounted on the handle that is spaced next to the razor cartridge when the handle is attached to the cartridge. The pivot functionality disposed on a razor cartridge and the pivot functionality and the cartridge ejection mechanism between a razor cartridge and a handle is costly and complex to manufacture.

    [0005] Moreover, in order to meet the demands of consumers, numerous cartridge designs have been configured. The numerous designs come at a cost however as much effort is spent on each design. That is, each cartridge is designed from scratch such that none of the molds and production equipment used to make one cartridge can be utilized to make a cartridge of a different design. For example, the molds and production equipment used to make the Gillette Mach3 razor cartridge could not be used to make the Gillette Fusion razor cartridge. This results in higher cost as product design, molding and production equipment have to be executed separately for each product. An example of prior art is given by the patent documentation EP1304196A1.

    [0006] Thus, there is a need for an alternative overall razor design to reduce cost and effort to produce different razor cartridges to meet the demands of consumers.

    [0007] Ideally, one would like to start with a standard blade unit that houses the blades that is capable of quick, easy, intuitive, and safe attachment to a handle. However, there is also a need to have a razor cartridge that is pivotal relative to the handle, but that is less complex and less costly to manufacture and assemble.

    [0008] One could then have the flexibility to use various configurations of handles to the standard blade unit or to a small number of standard blade units. It is an object of the invention to provide the desired skin benefits as a pivoting part of the handle.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] The present invention is directed to a shaving razor system including a razor cartridge, the razor cartridge including a housing having a front side and a front blade having a blade edge, the front blade mounted to the housing, and the front blade most proximal to the front side of the housing. There is at least one opening in the housing disposed in front of the front blade which extends through the housing from a top surface of the housing to a bottom surface of the housing.

    [0010] In a first aspect, the handle includes a proximal end portion, a distal end portion, and at least one skin interconnect member, the skin interconnect member being in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion of the handle. The at least one skin interconnect member is joined within the at least one opening of the housing to provide a pivot point P for the razor cartridge relative to the handle, the pivot point P is located up to about 3.5mm in front of the front blade edge, up to about 11 mm behind the front blade edge, up to about 1mm above the shave plane S, and up to about 2.5 mm below the shave plane S, and wherein the at least one skin interconnect member is not pivotal relative to the housing.

    [0011] In one aspect, the at least one skin interconnect member includes a fluid element, a thermal element, a skin scrubbing element, a hair trimmer, an epilator, or any combination thereof.

    [0012] In one aspect, a shape of the opening and a shape of the at least one skin interconnect member is substantially similar. The at least one skin interconnect member includes a trapezoidal prism shape.

    [0013] In another aspect, the at least one opening includes a funnel shape. The perimeter of the opening at a bottom surface of the housing is larger than a perimeter of the opening at a top surface of the housing. The perimeter of the opening at a bottom surface of the housing ranges from about 75 mm to about 100 mm. The perimeter of the opening at a top surface of the housing ranges from about 50 mm to about 70 mm. The top surface of the at least one skin interconnect member is not disposed on a shave plane of the razor cartridge.

    [0014] In one embodiment, the handle includes a mass of about 57 grams to about 150grams.

    [0015] Further, the razor cartridge is releasably engaged with the at least one skin interconnect member to replaceably secure the razor cartridge to the proximal end portion of the handle.

    [0016] Still further, the at least one skin interconnect member has a length from about 20 mm to about 40 mm, a width from about 1.5 mm to about 5 mm, a volume greater than about 300 mm3, a top surface area of about 40 mm2 to about 120 mm2, or any combination thereof.

    [0017] In other aspects, the at least one skin interconnect member has a skin interfacing surface. One or more ports are disposed on a top surface of the at least one skin interconnect member.

    [0018] Further embodiments are directed to the order of physical connection of components whic includes the razor cartridge connected to the skin interconnect member, the skin interconnect member connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1, the axis A1 mechanism connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A4 and/or axis A3 and/or an axis A2, the axis A4 mechanism and/or the axis A3 mechanism and/or axis A2 mechanism connected to the handle.

    [0019] In another aspect, the order of physical connection of components includes the razor cartridge connected to the skin interconnect member, the skin interconnect member connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A4 and/or axis A3 and/or axis A2, the axis A4 mechanism and/or the axis A3 mechanism and/or axis A2 mechanism connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1, the axis A1 mechanism connected to the handle.

    [0020] The order of physical connection of components includes the razor cartridge connected to the skin interconnect member, the skin interconnect member connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1, axis A2, axis A3, and/or axis A4, the axis A1 mechanism, the axis A2 mechanism, axis A3 mechanism, and/or the axis A4 mechanism coupled to connect to the handle.

    [0021] The pivotal relation of the skin interconnect member to a proximal end portion of the handle includes one or more sliding contact bearings. The pivotal relation of the skin interconnect member to a proximal end portion of the handle includes one or more rolling element bearings. The mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1 includes one or more rolling element bearings. The mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1 includes one or more rolling element bearings. The mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1 includes one or more rolling element bearings.

    [0022] In further embodiments, the handle includes a handle neck area and a handle main body and a PL1-to-PL2 included angle between shave plane S and midplane PL2 of the handle main body is about -60 degrees to +90 degrees. The handle includes a handle neck area and a handle main body and a

    [0023] PL1-to-PL2 included angle between shave plane S and midplane PL2 of the handle main body is about -45 degrees to +45 degrees. The handle includes a handle neck area and a handle main body and a PL2-to-PL3 included angle between midplane PL2 of the handle main body and midplane PL3 of the handle neck area is about -100 degrees to +100 degrees.

    [0024] The handle includes a handle neck area and a handle main body and a PL2-to-PL3 included angle between midplane PL2 of the handle main body and midplane PL3 of the handle neck area is about -45 degrees to +90 degrees.

    [0025] In other aspects, the rotational stiffness of the mechanism that enables rotation of the skin interconnect member about axis A1 is about 0 N-mm/deg to 0.5 N-mm/deg. The rotational stiffness of at least one or more of the mechanisms that enable rotation about axis A2, axis A3, axis A4, axis A5, or combination thereof is about 0.8 N-mm/deg to about 2.0 N-mm/deg.

    [0026] In one embodiment, the wall of the housing that defines the opening only partially surrounds the skin interconnect member and a portion of the wall is in front of a portion of the skin interconnect member.

    [0027] Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. Although methods and materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can be used in the practice or testing of the present invention, suitable methods and materials are described below. In addition, the materials, methods, and examples are illustrative only and not intended to be limiting.

    [0028] Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description, and from the claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0029] The details of one or more embodiments of the invention are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. It is understood that certain embodiments may combine elements or components of the invention, which are disclosed in general, but not expressly exemplified or claimed in combination, unless otherwise stated herein. Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description and drawings, and from the claims.

    FIG. 1A is a perspective view of a shaving razor system including at least one skin interconnect member in accordance with the present invention.

    FIGs. 1B-C are front and back perspective views of a razor cartridge of the present invention.

    FIG. 1D is a schematic representation of a razor blade of the present invention.

    FIGs. 2A-B shows top and back perspective views of a shaving razor including at least one skin interconnect member for delivering a heating or cooling skin benefit in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 2C is a perspective view of the shaving razor handle including at least one skin interconnect member for a heating or cooling skin benefit shown in FIG. 2A.

    FIG. 2D is a close-up perspective view of the skin interconnect member of the handle of that is shown in FIG. 2B.

    FIGs. 3A-B shows top and bottom perspective views of a shaving razor including at least one skin interconnect member for delivering fluid to provide a skin benefit in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 3C is a perspective view of a shaving razor handle including at least one skin interconnect member for delivering fluid to provide a skin benefit in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 3D is a close-up perspective view of the skin interconnect member of the handle of that is shown in FIG. 3B.

    FIGs. 4A-4D shows schematic representations of a trapezoidal prism-shaped element of the present invention.

    FIGs. 5A-5B shows close-up perspective and exploded views of the skin interconnect member of the present invention.

    FIGs. 6A-6D are perspective views of a shaving razor system showing axes of movement and graphical layout of the razor of the present invention.

    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the razor system showing a pivot point region in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the skin interconnect member showing a pivot point region in accordance with an alternate embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the skin interconnect member showing a pivot point region of FIG. 8.

    FIGs. 10A-10H shows schematic representations of the top surface of the razor cartridge and skin interconnect member of the present invention.

    FIG. 11A is a cross-sectional view of the razor system showing a pivot point region in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 11B is a cross-sectional view of the razor system showing a pivot point region in accordance with the present invention.

    FIGs. 12A-12G are perspective views of embodiments having various physical orders of connection of razor components in accordance with the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0030] The invention is directed toward a novel shaving razor array system. The shaving razor array system has one or more handles capable of being coupled with one or more razor cartridges. Each handle has a proximal end portion, a distal end portion, and at least one skin interconnect member that is in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion. Each razor cartridge has a housing, a guard, a cap, and at least one blade. The razor cartridge is releasably engaged with the at least one skin interconnect member to replaceably secure the razor cartridge to the proximal end portion of the handle.

    [0031] Referring to FIG. 1A, a perspective view of one embodiment of a shaving razor system 10 is shown. The shaving razor system 10 includes a handle 12 and a razor cartridge 15 which is removably connected to the handle. The handle 12 includes an elongated gripping portion 14, a proximal end portion 16, a distal end portion 18, and at least one skin interconnect member 20. The handle 12 may comprise a handle neck area 23 and a handle main body 21. The handle neck area 23 may be incorporated at the proximal end portion 16. The handle neck area 23 may connect the main body 21 to the razor cartridge 15. A gripping portion 14 may be incorporated with the handle main body 21.

    [0032] The handle 12 provides one or more pivot motions for the at least one skin interconnect member 20. The pivot A1 axis of at least one the pivot motion is usually generally transverse to the handle. It should be noted that the razor cartridge 15 of the present invention does not comprise a pivot mechanism in and of itself. Also, the interface between the razor cartridge 15 and the handle 12 of the present invention does not comprise a pivot mechanism in and of itself. However, when the razor cartridge 15 is connected to the handle 12 via the skin interconnect member 20, the skin interconnect member 20 and the razor cartridge 15 are locked together and while they do not pivot relative to one another, they pivot together relative to the handle 12.

    [0033] The handle 12 may be of any suitable shape. The handle 12, for example, may be an elongated barrel shape or may be a contoured shape. The handle 12 may include an elongated gripping portion. The handle may include one, two, or more arms 27. The arm or arms 27 may be located at the proximal end 16 of the handle. The two or more arms 27 may be spaced apart from one another. The handle 12 may be, for example, an elongated barrel shape that includes two arms 27 that are spaced apart and that are located at the proximal end 16 of the handle 12. The handle 12 may be, for example, a contoured shape that includes two arms 27 that are spaced apart and that are located at the proximal end 16 of the handle 27. The handle 12 may be made from any suitable material. The handle 12 may be made, for example, from a metal, a polymer, an elastomer, a plastic, a thermoplastic, a rubber, any other suitable material, or any combination thereof. The handle 12 may be made by any suitable process. The handle 12 may be made, for example, by molding, injection molding, insert injection molding, casting, die-casting, extruding, any other suitable method, or any combination thereof.

    [0034] FIG. 1B-C shows top and bottom views 120a and 120b of a razor cartridge 15 in accordance with the present invention. In top view 120a of FIG. 1B, razor cartridge 15 has a housing 32 with a guard 34, a cap 36, and at least one or more blades 17 having cutting edges 33. The razor cartridge has a front side 64 and a back side 66. A front blade 62 is the most proximal blade at the front side 64 of the razor cartridge 15. Adjacent to a front blade 62 is an opening 100 which extends through the housing 32 from a top surface 67 to a bottom surface 69. The guard 34 or other features may be situated between a front blade and the opening. The perimeter 65 of the opening 100 in the top surface 64 of the housing 32 is within a range of about 50 mm to about 70 mm, and preferably about 66.36 mm.

    [0035] The razor cartridge 15 is in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion 16 of the handle 12 only when connected with the skin interconnect member 20. The razor cartridge 15 when engaged with the skin interconnect member 20 may pivot about an axis A1 (shown in FIGs. 1A, 2A, and 3A) that is generally transverse to the handle 12. As shown in FIG. 1A, the skin interconnect member 20 of the handle 12 forms a portion of a top surface 67 of the razor cartridge 15.

    [0036] FIG. 1C also shows a bottom view 120b of a razor cartridge 15. In one embodiment, the opening 100 extends into a bottom surface 69 of the housing 32. The perimeter 63 of the opening 100 at the bottom surface 69 of the housing 32 is preferably larger than perimeter 65. The perimeter 63 may range from about 75 mm to about 100mm, and preferably be about 81.2 mm. The opening 100 at the bottom surface of the housing may desirably be wider than the opening 100 at the top surface of the housing. Accordingly, a funnel shape (e.g., a shape tapering from a larger to a smaller opening) may be achieved.

    [0037] As shown in FIG. 1C, blade 17 of FIG. 1B includes a blade body 4, two bevels 3 for each of two flanks 5 which intersect at tip 6 forming an edge 7. The term "razor blade" in the present invention desirably signifies a "substrate" comprised of stainless steel which includes a blade body and at least one flank. Desirably, a razor blade includes two flanks forming a blade edge and a blade body. The two flanks intersect at a point or tip, or what is oftentimes referred to as the ultimate tip. Each flank may have one, two or more bevels. The blade body is generally the remaining area of the razor blade beneath the flanks or bevels.

    [0038] The at least one blade 17 of the razor cartridge 15 may be mounted to the housing 32 between the cap 36 and the guard 34. The guard and the cap may define a shaving plane S that is tangent to the guard and the cap. The guard may be a solid or segmented bar that extends generally parallel to the at least one blade. The guard may comprise a skin-engaging member (e.g., a plurality of fins) in front of the blades for stretching the skin during a shaving stroke. The skin-engaging member may, for example, be insert injection molded or co-injection molded to the housing. Other known assembly methods may also be used such as adhering, bonding, attaching, ultrasonic welding, or mechanical fastening. The skin-engaging member may be molded from a softer material (i.e., lower durometer hardness) than the housing. For example, the skin-engaging member may have a Shore A hardness of about 20, 30, or 40 to about 50, 60, or 70. The skin-engaging member may be made from thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) or rubbers; examples may include, but are not limited to silicones, natural rubber, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, styrene butadiene rubber, styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) TPEs, styrene ethylene butadiene styrene (SEBS) TPEs (e.g., Kraton), polyester TPEs (e.g., Hytrel), polyamide TPEs (Pebax), polyurethane TPEs, polyolefin based TPEs, and blends of any of these TPEs (e.g., polyester/SEBS blend). In certain embodiments, the skin-engaging member may comprise Kraiburg HTC 1028/96, HTC 8802/37, HTC 8802/34, or HTC 8802/11 (KRAIBURG TPE GmbH & Co. KG of Waldkraiburg, Germany). A softer material for the skin-engaging member may enhance skin stretching, as well as provide a more pleasant tactile feel against the skin of the user during a shaving stroke. A softer material may also aid in masking the less pleasant feel of the harder material of the housing and/or the fins against the skin of the user during a shaving stroke.

    [0039] The at least one blade may be mounted and secured to the housing by one or more clips. Other assembly methods known to those skilled in the art may also be used to secure and/or mount the at least one blade to the housing including, but not limited to, wire wrapping, cold forming, hot staking, insert molding, ultrasonic welding, and adhering. The clips may comprise a metal, such as aluminum for conducting heat and acting as a sacrificial anode to help prevent corrosion of the blades. The razor cartridge may have any number of blades depending on the desired performance and cost of the razor cartridge. The razor cartridge may have, for example, one blade, two blades, three blades, four blades, five blades, six blades, seven blades, or even more blades. Once the blades have become dulled (or damaged) the consumer may disengage the razor cartridge from the skin interconnect member and replace the used razor cartridge with a new razor cartridge.

    [0040] The cap of the razor cartridge may be a separate molded or extruded component that is mounted to the housing. The cap may be, for example, a shaving aid filled reservoir or an extruded lubrication strip. The cap may be, for example, a plastic or metal bar to support the skin and define the shaving plane. The cap may be molded or extruded from the same material as the housing or may be molded or extruded from a more lubricious shaving aid composite that has one or more water-leachable shaving aid materials to provide increased comfort during a shave stroke.

    [0041] The shaving aid composite may comprise a water-insoluble polymer and a skin-lubricating water-soluble polymer. Suitable water-insoluble polymers which may be used include, but are not limited to, polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, butadiene-styrene copolymer (e.g., medium and high impact polystyrene), polyacetal, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer and blends such as polypropylene/polystyrene blend, may have a high impact polystyrene (i.e., Polystyrene-butadiene), such as Mobil 4324 (Mobil Corporation). Suitable skin lubricating water-soluble polymers may include polyethylene oxide, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl cellulose, polyvinyl imidazoline, and polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate. Other water-soluble polymers may include the polyethylene oxides generally known as POLYOX (available from Union Carbide Corporation) or ALKOX (available from Meisei Chemical Works, Kyota, Japan). These polyethylene oxides may have molecular weights of about 100,000 to 6 million, for example, about 300,000 to 5 million. The polyethylene oxide may comprise a blend of about 40 to 80% of polyethylene oxide having an average molecular weight of about 5 million (e.g., POLYOX COAGULANT) and about 60 to 20% of polyethylene oxide having an average molecular weight of about 300,000 (e.g., POLYOX WSR-N-750). The polyethylene oxide blend may also contain up to about 10% by weight of a low molecular weight (i.e., molecular weight of less than about 10,000) polyethylene glycol such as PEG-100.

    [0042] The shaving aid composite may also include a complex of a skin-soothing agent with a cylcodextrin, low molecular weight water-soluble release enhancing agents such as polyethylene glycol (e.g., 1-10% by weight), water-swellable release enhancing agents such as cross-linked polyacrylics (e.g., 2-7% by weight), colorants, antioxidants, preservatives, microbicidal agents, beard softeners, astringents, depilatories, medicinal agents, conditioning agents, moisturizers, cooling agents, and the like.

    [0043] The razor cartridge may or may not be the removable type and may be of any suitable size and shape and comprises a housing having a top surface, a bottom surface, a front side, and a back side. The cartridge comprises one or more blades with one or more cutting edges mounting to the housing. The cartridge includes a front blade mounted to the housing toward a front side. The front blade is the blade most proximal to the front side of the housing.

    [0044] The cartridge also desirably comprises at least one handle engaging surface, preferably in the form of at least one opening or aperture in the housing. The opening is disposed in front of the front blade and the at least one opening extends through the housing from a top surface of the housing to a bottom surface of the housing.

    [0045] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cartridge opening desirably has a funnel-like shape and extends through the cartridge (e.g., from a top surface of the cartridge to a bottom surface of the cartridge). Due to the tapered nature of the funnel shape, there is a difference in the size of the opening. Desirably, the funnel shape is oriented such that the opening is larger on the bottom surface of the cartridge than at the top surface of the cartridge. The razor cartridge disclosed herein can include the razor cartridge disclosed in co-owned, co-pending US Application having Docket Nos. 15140P, 15141P, 15142P, 15143P, 15144P, 15145P, 15146P, and 15147P,

    [0046] The razor cartridge may be attached to the handle by engaging the razor cartridge with the at least one skin interconnect member on the handle. The bottom side of the opening on the back side of the razor cartridge engages with a corresponding top application surface or surfaces on the at least one skin interconnect member of the handle. As the skin interconnect member is pushed through the opening, the skin interconnect member approaches the opening on the top surface of the cartridge.

    [0047] The skin interconnect member is substantially encased within the opening in the razor cartridge. The opening shape is substantially similar to the shape of the skin interconnect member such that the skin interconnect member fits snugly and substantially does not move within the opening. In this way, the handle and the cartridge connection is robust and secure to provide a safe environment during shaving. If the opening in the cartridge is funnel shaped, the skin interconnect member is also desirably substantially funnel shaped in a complementary or conformal manner.

    [0048] The razor cartridge may pivot between limits and ordinarily may be biased toward a preferred neutral angular position vis-a-vis the handle. The pivot limits and biasing may be accomplished by any means known in the art, including mechanical limits.

    [0049] The top or application surface of the skin interconnect member may or may not be on the same plane as the blades or the top surface of the razor cartridge.

    [0050] The skin interconnect member provides the pivot mechanism for the razor system after the skin interconnect member is engaged with the cartridge. The skin interconnect member does not pivot relative to the cartridge housing.

    [0051] The razor cartridge may be mechanically aligned with the corresponding/opposing at least one skin interconnect member. The direction of the force between the opposing skin interconnect members (e.g., between the razor cartridge and the at least one skin interconnect member) may be generally transverse to the force required to remove and attach the razor cartridge with the at least one skin interconnect member (e.g., which may be generally parallel to the elongated gripping portion of the handle).

    [0052] As shown in FIG 1A, the handle 12 may include at least one skin interconnect member 20. The skin interconnect member 20 is an element that is disposed generally transverse to the longitudinal axis of the handle 12. The skin interconnect member 20 has a top surface or skin interfacing surface 22 that allows a direct interface or a view of the handle with the skin, with or without contacting the skin. The skin interconnect member 20 is in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion 16 of the handle via a pivot mechanism 30 (shown in 2B-2C and 3B-3C and in greater detail in FIG. 5). The skin interconnect member 20 is in a pivotal relation to the handle and pivots about an axis A1 that is generally transverse to the longitudinal axis of the handle 12.

    [0053] The at least one skin interconnect member 20 preferably comprises a skin interfacing surface 22, which interfaces with the skin (e.g., by application of a fluid or heat) without obstruction from the razor cartridge 15, but which may or may not directly contact the skin. The at least one skin interconnect member 20 may provide one or more benefits to a user's skin. For example, the at least one skin interconnect member 20 may include a fluid dispensing element, a thermal element which heats or cools the skin, or a combination thereof. The skin interconnect member 20 may also comprise other consumer benefits such as a skin agitation or scrubbing element, a hair trimmer, an epilator, or any combination thereof. The fluid element or the thermal element or both may be provided within the at least one skin interconnect member 20. The fluid element or the thermal element or both may be released from a surface of the at least one skin interconnect member.

    [0054] As shown in the illustrated embodiments, the razor can be configured to deliver benefits to the skin of the user by extending the handle 12 through an opening 100 (shown in FIG. 1B) in the blade cartridge unit 15 to enable handle benefit delivery components to be close to the skin. The skin interconnect member 20, which provides the handle 12 a direct but not necessarily contacting interface to the skin, is in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion 18. As shown in one embodiment in FIG. 1A, a top skin interfacing surface 22 of the skin interconnect member 20 of the handle 12 may form a portion of a top surface 67 of the razor cartridge 15. As noted, the top skin interfacing surface 22 may or may not directly contact a user's skin.

    [0055] Two types of non-limiting embodiments of razors providing for a skin benefit are disclosed herein. The first embodiment, shown in FIGs. 2A-2D, belongs to a type of razor that provides a benefit to the user by heating or cooling the skin. In FIG. 2A and 2B, views 121A and 121 B provide top and bottom perspectives of this first embodiment. This first embodiment can have a handle 12, a blade cartridge unit 15 that can releasably attach to the handle 12 and can contain one or more blades 17, and a skin interconnect member 20 which can deliver a heat skin benefit. The blade cartridge unit 15 may be detached using the cartridge eject mechanism 39 mounted at the proximal end 16 of the handle 12. The razor handle 12 may be configured to rotate the razor cartridge 15 about an axis of rotation A1 using pivot mechanism 30 and about an axis of rotation A4 using pivot mechanism 38. A portion of the handle 12 can extend through blade cartridge unit 15 and be exposed as thermal surface 112, discussed more fully below. As shown in FIG. 1A and in more detail in FIGs. 2C and 2D, in which the blade cartridge unit 15 has been removed, thermal surface 112 is a surface of a skin interconnect member 20 and can be used to deliver a cooling or heating benefit to the user during shaving. Heating or cooling of the skin interconnect member 20 can be achieved by pressing the skin benefit actuator 13, which can be a depressible button, a touch sensitive button, or a sliding button, and which closes a powered circuit inside handle 12 to a circuit inside the skin interconnect member 20. The handle 12 may hold a power source, such as one or more batteries (not shown) that supply power to the skin interconnect member 20. Heating or cooling of the skin interconnect member 20 can also be achieved passively such as by dipping or running the skin interconnect member 20 under water at a different temperature than ambient. In certain embodiments, the skin interconnect member 20 can comprise a metal such as aluminum or stainless steel. In certain embodiments, the skin interconnect member 20 can comprise a high capacity material such as metal or phase change materials. In certain embodiments, the skin interconnect member 20 can comprise high thermal conductivity materials such as copper, aluminum, or thermally conductive plastics such as COOLPOLY®. The razor handle 10 disclosed herein can include the skin interconnect member 20 disclosed co-owned, co-pending US Application having a Docket No. 14532FQ,

    [0056] FIGs. 3A-3D show another embodiment of a shaving razor 10 that can provide a skin benefit by delivering a fluid to the skin of the user. In FIG. 3A and 3B, views 122A and 122B provide top and bottom perspectives of this embodiment. This embodiment can have a handle 12, a blade cartridge unit 15 that can releasably attach to the handle 12 and can contain one or more blades 17, and a skin interconnect member 20 which can provide a skin benefit by delivering fluid to the skin of the user. The blade cartridge unit 15 may be detached using the cartridge eject mechanism 39 mounted at the proximal end 16 of the handle 12. In the embodiment shown, the razor handle 12 is configured to rotate the razor cartridge 15 about an axis of rotation A1 using pivot mechanism 30. Like skin interfacing surface 22 in FIG. 1A and thermal surface 112 in FIGs. 2B and 2D, a portion of the handle 12 can extend through blade cartridge unit 15 and be exposed as surface 80. Surface 80 is a surface of a skin interconnect member 20 and can have openings 78 through which a fluid can be dispensed for skin comfort during shaving. Fluid flow from the reservoir in handle 12 can be achieved by pressing the skin benefit actuator 13, which can be a depressible button, a touch sensitive button, or a sliding button which activates a pumping mechanism to push fluid towards and through the skin interconnect member 20. The pumping mechanism can include the compression of a fluid reservoir, actuation of a manual pump, or activation of a powered pump. The razor handle disclosed herein can include the skin interconnect member disclosed in co-owned, co-pending US Applications having Docket Nos. 15136P, 15137P, 15138P, 15162P, 15163P, 15164P, 15165P, 15166P, 15167P, 15168P, 15169P, and 15170P,

    [0057] It should be understood providing consumer benefits from the handle 12 of the present invention solves the challenge of balancing designing a safe product with good product integrity (e.g.., in cases of accidental drops), delivering the benefit from the handle 12 to skin interfacing surface 22 of the skin interconnect member 20 around the pivots needed for shave strokes to closely track the skin, and fitting the delivery benefit components among the other functional components of the handle 12 such as the cartridge eject mechanism 39 and pivot mechanisms 30 and 38 discussed in more detail below. Designing a safe product with good product integrity is a challenge because by having many, if not most, of the benefit delivery elements disposed in the handle in the present invention, the handle can weigh two to three times more than most wet shaving razor systems commonly found on the market. For instance, most existing shaving razor handles weigh less than 56 grams, and the vast majority weigh less than 45 grams. Handles that deliver consumer benefits of the present invention may have a mass up to about 120 grams with preferred mass about 80 grams. In some embodiments, the handle 12 may have a mass of about 57 grams to about 150 grams and more preferably about 80 grams. Such a handle is considered a "heavy" handle in the present invention. The handle embodiment shown in FIGs. 2A-2B has a mass about 75 grams and the handle embodiment shown in FIGs. 3A-3D. has a mass about 85 grams.

    [0058] The razor cartridge 15 may connect to the handle 12 when the handle is brought in proximity to the razor cartridge and when the skin interconnect member 20 and razor cartridge opening 100 are aligned. This configuration prevents, inter alia, reverse connection of the razor cartridge to the handle. The configuration also facilitates, inter alia, quick, easy, intuitive, and safe connection of the razor cartridge to the handle.

    [0059] The razor cartridge 15 of FIGs. 1A and 1B may be desirably releasably engaged with the skin interconnect member 20 to replaceably secure the razor cartridge 15 to the proximal end portion 16 of the handle 12. The razor cartridge may include a housing 32, a guard 34, a cap 36, and at least one blade 17. The at least one skin interconnect member 20 may be released from the razor cartridge 15 by the exertion of force. In addition, the at least one skin interconnect member 20 may be released by other suitable mechanisms or by other suitable mechanisms in combination with the exertion of force. The at least one skin interconnect member may be released from the razor cartridge via, for example, a mechanical release mechanism.

    [0060] The mechanical release mechanism 39, shown in FIGs. 1A, 2A, and 3A for example, may extend from the proximal end portion 16 of the handle and comprise an eject button that may be included within a portion of the handle 12. The user may mechanically release the razor cartridge 15 from the at least one skin interconnect member 20 by pushing or actuating the button. The mechanical cartridge release mechanism 39 may then, for example, push on the at least one skin interconnect member 20. The razor cartridge 15 will no longer connect with the at least one skin interconnect member 20. The razor cartridge 15 may then be released from the handle 12.

    [0061] Most existing razors have a mechanical cartridge release mechanism 39 mounted within a millimeter of the razor cartridge 15 when attached to the handle 12 and require the eject button to travel less than 2.5mm to detach the cartridge 15. Unlike existing razors, the mechanism 39 of the razor 10 shown in FIG. 1A is mounted about 3mm from the razor cartridge 15 and requires an eject button to travel about 5mm to detach the cartridge.

    [0062] The skin interconnect member 20 has a desirable length from about 20 to about 40 mm and a width of about 2 mm to about 5 mm. The skin interconnect member 20 desirably has a volume greater than about 300 mm3. The length and width and minimum volume are feasibly chosen to provide enough area and volume for the consumer benefit to be delivered effectively to a user's skin. The top surface area 22 of the skin interconnect member 20 ranges from about 40 mm2 to about 120 mm2, preferably about 80 mm2 to about 85 mm2.

    [0063] The at least one skin interconnect member 20 may be comprised of any suitable size and shape. For example, the at least one skin interconnect member 20 may comprise a curved surface, a flat surface, or any combination thereof. The at least one skin interconnect member 20 can have a shape beneficially conducive to both attaching to the blade cartridge unit 15 and facilitating the delivery of a skin comfort benefit from the handle 12 to and through a blade cartridge unit 15 attached to the handle 10.

    [0064] The shape of the at least one skin interconnect member 20 can alternatively be described as a "funnel," or as "tapered," or a "trapezoidal prism-shaped." As understood from the description herein, the description "trapezoidal prism" is general with respect to an overall visual impression the pivoting head. For example, FIG. 4A-D shows schematic representations 123A and 123B of trapezoidal prism-shaped elements and shows a shape having a relatively wide upper face (or opening) 25, a relatively narrow lower face 24, two long major faces 26, and two end faces 28 that are generally trapezoidal-shaped. FIG. 4 also shows a close-up side view 123C of one embodiment of the skin interconnect member 20 of the handle of the present invention showing a generally trapezoidal prism or prism-like shape 45 of the skin interconnect member 20 and an isolated view 124D of components of one embodiment of skin interconnect member 20 that create a general "trapezoidal prism" shape.

    [0065] The description "trapezoidal prism" is used herein as the best description for the overall visual appearance of the skin interconnect member but the description does not imply any particular geometric or dimensional requirements beyond what is described herein. That is, the skin interconnect member, including the cover member, need not have complete edges or surfaces. Further, edges need not be unbroken and straight, and sides need not be unbroken and flat. Alternately, a trapezoidal prism, or prism-like shape may generally signify a multiple-sided body where one pair of opposing faces tapers from a larger size to a smaller size. The larger size face is desirably disposed towards a handle and the smaller size face is desirably disposed towards a razor cartridge. In this way, a tapered shape of the skin interconnect member in an embodiment of the present invention is desirably coupled with a corresponding tapered shape in the razor cartridge to engage the handle with the cartridge. The corresponding shapes are more intuitive for users, can allow for better attachment and detachment, and can require lower forces during attachment and detachment while also allowing for good retention during shaving and trimming. Due to the cartridge surface area being smaller (e.g., at the top surface of the skin interconnect member), a tapered shape for the skin interconnect member can provide for a larger volume and thus, a larger benefit for the user.

    [0066] Also contemplated are any other feasible shapes, prism and otherwise, such as a triangular prism, a sphere, an ellipsoid, a cylinder, a quadrilateral, a parallelogram, a rectangle, a square, a bar, or any combination thereof.

    [0067] To join or mate the handle to the razor cartridge, the cartridge desirably has a corresponding shape that is similar to that of the skin interconnect member within which the skin interconnect member is disposed. The skin interconnect member may latch to the razor cartridge to secure the handle to the cartridge. In one embodiment, the razor cartridge is releasably engaged with the at least one skin interconnect member to replaceably secure the razor cartridge to the proximal end portion of the handle.

    [0068] In FIGs. 5A-B, components of the skin interconnect member 20 and the pivoting mechanism 30 that enable rotation about axis A1 for the embodiment are shown in more detail. The embodiment shown is the razor handle 12 of FIGs. 3A-3D. In close-up view 124A and exploded view 124B, the skin interconnect member 20 includes a base element 58 and a cover 54 and the cover 54 is disposed over a base 58. The cover 54 comprises a top surface 52 which may be a planar application surface for application of a benefit such as fluid or thermal benefits to a user's skin (e.g., via a cartridge). Top surface 52 may have a rim 56 along its perimeter. The rim feature is used as an engagement feature to mate with the cartridge. Additionally, or alternatively, one or more ports 53 may be disposed on the application surface for a fluid to be dispensed therethrough. The handle 12 desirably has a pair of proximal arms 27 at a proximal end 16 and the skin interconnect member or the handle may include a pair of bracket arms 59 connected to these proximal arms 27. Exploded view 124B of FIG. 5B shows that the pivot mechanism 30 for the skin interconnect member 20 to provide motion around axis A1 relative to the handle 12 desirably comprises a bearing surface 53 (e.g., recessed portion, cavity) within the skin interconnect member 20 and a corresponding bearing surface 57 on one or more arms 59 and a spring return element 55 having one or more springs. The motion around this and other axes (e.g., rotational axis A4 or rotational axis A3 which is discussed in more detail later) in the present invention may be enabled by bearings which may lie directly along an axis such as pin bearing or a shaft, or they may offset from the axis of rotation, creating by a virtual pivot. Virtual pivot bearings include shell bearings and linkages.

    [0069] The at least one skin interconnect member 20 may be in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion 16 of the handle 12 by, for example, by creating a pivot mechanism by assembling individual components as shown in FIG. 5, by creating a flexural pivot using a technique such as co-injection molding the at least one skin interconnect member with the handle or a portion of the handle, or by creating a bearing by press fitting or force fitting the skin interconnect member into the handle or vice versa.

    [0070] In FIGs. 6A-6D a graphical layout of the razor 10 is shown with the handle 12 and the blade cartridge unit 15 of the present invention in an un-deflected, unloaded rest position. In general, the skin contacting surface 67 of the blade cartridge unit 15 usually lies on or within a few millimeters of a cartridge plane PL1 when the blade cartridge unit 15 is at its rest position. In general, a plane PL2 may be oriented at an angle to the cartridge plane PL1 that lies along an approximate mid-plane of the handle main body 21. This PL1-to-PL2 included angle between planes PL1 and PL2 may range from about -60 degrees to about +90 degrees. A narrower preferential range of the PL1-to-PL2 included angle is about -45 degrees to about +45 degrees. The figures of the present invention show a PL1-to-PL2 included angle about +16 degrees. In general, a plane PL3 may be oriented at an angle to the main handle body 21 midplane PL2 that lies along an approximate mid-plane of the handle neck area 23. This PL2-to-PL3 included angle between planes PL2 and PL3 may range from about -100 degrees to about +100 degrees. A narrower preferential range of the PL2-to-PL3 included angle is about -45 degrees to about +90 degrees. The figures of the present invention show a PL2-to-PL3 included angle of about +21 degrees. In general, a plane PL4 can be defined perpendicular to planes PL1, PL2, and PL3 that lies longitudinally along the handle 12 at the approximate mid-plane of the handle 12 and the blade cartridge unit 15.

    [0071] As shown in FIGs. 6C-6D additional axes of rotation or directions of linear motion for various components of the handle of the present invention can be generally defined using PL2, PL3, and PL4. An axis A2 along the handle main body 21 can be defined as the intersection of planes PL2 and PL4; and an axis A3 along the handle neck area 23 can be defined as the intersection of planes PL3 and PL4. Another axis A4 within the handle neck area 23 can be defined perpendicular to plane PL3 and laying upon plane PL4. Another axis A5 within the handle main body 23 can be defined perpendicular to plane PL2 and laying upon plane PL4 as shown later in FIG. 12A and FIG. 12B.

    [0072] As shown in FIGs. 2C-2D, 3C-D, and 5A-5B, the pivot mechanism 30 (e.g., spring return element, bracket arms) that provides a pitch type movement about pivot axis A1 is most proximal to the skin interconnect member 20. In accordance with the present invention, the handle 12 and the skin interconnect member 20 may rotate around other axes in addition to axis A1 as shown in FIG 6C. Other embodiments may be configured to rotate the skin interconnect member about axes A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, or any combination thereof. For instance, axes of rotation in a shaving razor relative to the handle include not only a pitch type motion about axis A1, but also a roll motion about axes A2 or A3 and yaw motion about A4 or A5 as shown in FIGs. 6C-6D and FIGs. 12A and 12B.

    [0073] In one embodiment shown in FIGs. 1A and 2B, the pivot mechanism 38 that provides the side to side (yaw) type rotational movement of the skin interconnect member relative to the handle along Axis A4 comprises a bottom pod 19 with a spring return element (e.g., a spring, disposed within pod, not shown). Similar movement is found in the GILLETTE® Flexball razor. In another embodiment, a structure that provides an alternative roll rotational movement of the skin interconnect member relative to the handle along axis A3 may comprise a rolling mechanism such as found in the Gillette® Venus® Swirl razor.

    [0074] FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view 90 of the razor system 10 showing a pivot point region R in accordance with the present invention. The skin interconnect member 20 is joined or latched to the razor cartridge 15 to secure the handle 12 to the cartridge. As depicted, the front direction is toward the front of the cartridge (e.g., towards the front blade) while the back direction is towards the back side of the cartridge (e.g., towards the lubricating strip). Further, the upwards direction is directionally towards the top surface of the cartridge while the downwards direction is directionally towards the bottom surface of the cartridge. A pivot point is generally a point on an axis of rotation. In this embodiment, pivot point P is disposed on a location of the pivot axis A1 that is generally transverse to the longitudinal axis A2 or longitudinal axis A3 of the handle 12 when the razor cartridge 15 is its rest position. The pivot point P is also disposed on the mid-plane PL4 of the handle main body 21 and the razor cartridge 15 in its rest position perpendicular to this axis A1. For good shave performance, the pivot point P is preferably located in a region R which is up to about 3.5mm in front of the front blade edge 82, up to about 11mm behind the front blade edge, up to about 1mm above the shave plane S, and up to about 2.5 mm below the shave plane S. The portion of the region R above the shave plane S is generally a portion that is disposed into the skin. The portion of the region R below the shave plane S is generally a portion that is disposed away from the skin. A pivot point location outside of the razor cartridge or the skin interconnect member may be created by a virtual pivot.

    [0075] FIG. 8 depicts a cross-sectional view of a razor system 100 having an application surface plane B at the top surface 88 of the skin interconnect member 20. Plane B is substantially parallel to shave plane S at the top surface 88 of the skin interconnect member 20. A plane Q perpendicular to the shave plane S intersects plane B at point C. In one embodiment shown in FIG. 9, distal point C is desirably at a rear corner of the skin interconnect member's top surface 88. Pivot point P is in the same location as in FIG. 8.

    [0076] FIG. 9 depicts an alternative cross-sectional view 110 of the system of FIG. 9 showing the skin interconnect member 20 and handle 12, but without the razor cartridge 15. As in FIG. 8, skin interconnect member 20 includes an application surface plane B that is substantially planar to the top surface 88 at a top most point 85. Point C is formed at the intersection of Plane B and Plane Q. Plane Q is defined as perpendicular to plane B and lies on the rearward most point 87 closest to the rear surface 89 of the skin interconnect member 20 wherein the point 87 is within 2mm of plane B. Preferably, plane B is substantially parallel to the shave plane S of the handle's corresponding razor cartridge. Point C may or may not be disposed on the skin interconnect member or the razor cartridge in the present invention. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10, point C is not a physical point on a surface of the skin interconnect member 20. It is noted that pivot point P2 appears in the same location as in FIG. 8 but the pivot mechanism about pivot point P2 is not formed by any cartridge components, is not formed by joining the cartridge 20 to the handle 12, but rather the pivot point P2 is formed completely by components contained within the handle.

    [0077] For good shave performance, the pivot point P2 is preferably located in a region R2 which is up to about 2.00 mm in front of point C (towards the front side of the cartridge), up to about 12.5 mm behind point C, up to about 2 mm above the member plane B, and up to about 2.5 mm below the member plane B. The portion of the region R2 above the member plane B is generally a portion that is disposed into the skin. The portion of the region R2 below the member plane B is generally a portion that is disposed away from the skin. A pivot point location outside of the razor cartridge may be created by a virtual pivot.

    [0078] To meet the different habits, behaviors, and shaving benefit preferences of consumers, a razor system array that comprises variety of razor handles, and razor cartridges is required, preferably with the flexibility to attach a wide variety of handles that have skin interconnect members to a comparatively smaller number of corresponding razor cartridges. Moreover, to avoid consumer confusion and lower manufacturing costs, it is preferable if a shaving razor system array can be designed such that any cartridge can be releasably attached to any handle while delivering both the benefit from the handle through the skin interconnect member and providing good shaving performance in terms comfort, closeness, and efficiency.

    [0079] In FIG.10A-H, schematics of the top surface views of the razor cartridge 15 and skin interconnect member 20 (i.e. similar to view 120A of FIG. 1B except including the skin interconnect member 20) Each view shows the cap 36, guard 34, corresponding cartridge shape 47 that mates to the skin interconnect member 20, and blades 17 include the first blade edge 82. In the views 125A-125D and 126A-126D shown in FIG.10, the corresponding cartridge shape 47 in the razor cartridge 15 that mates or joins the shape of the skin interconnect member 20 of the razor handle 12 may be located at any position within the guard 34 of the razor cartridge. These positions even include the razor cartridge configuration shown in views 125D and 126D where a section of the front guard wall of the razor cartridge 15 does not fully enclose the perimeter of the skin interconnect member 20. In these cartridge configurations, a remnant front guard wall portion 48 of the guard 34 will remain in front of at least a part of the skin interconnect member 20, enabling the razor cartridge 15 to be mated or latched to the skin interconnect member 20.

    [0080] A shaving razor system array that consists of a variety of different razor handles with skin interconnect and a variety of different razor cartridges where any cartridge fits any handle preferably has the corresponding cartridge shape 47 preferably positioned as close to the first blade 82 as possible. Such a location can enable good delivery of a variety of handle benefits through the skin interconnect member 20 and good shave performance using a variety of cartridges. The embodiments having locations of the cartridge shape 47 shown in views 125A-125D may be preferred to embodiments shown in views 126A-126D.

    [0081] Moreover, because razor handles, and razor cartridges are designed to work optimally together, a shaving razor system array that consists of a variety of different razor handles having skin interconnect members and a variety of different razor cartridges where any cartridge fits any handle preferably has a fixed distance between point C shown in FIGs. 8 and 9 and key cartridge features contained within region R. Two non-limiting razor cartridge embodiments are shown in FIGs. 11A and 11B that work in any cartridge fits any handle using a skin interconnect member. View 120 corresponds to a 5-bladed razor cartridge while view 130 shows a 3-bladed razor cartridge. In both views, distances parallel to the shave plane S between point C and key features of the razor cartridge are defined including D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, and D7. D1 is the distance parallel to the shave plane S between point C and closest guard point 99 on the guard 34 to the first blade edge 82. D2 is the distance parallel to the shave plane S between point P and the first blade edge 82. D3 is the distance parallel to the shave plane S between point C and the second blade edge 83. D4 is the averaged distance parallel to the shave plane S between point C and all the blades edges of the cartridge. The location of the averaged distance is given by point 84. In view 130 of FIG. 11B, D4 equals D3 and point 84 lies on the second blade edge 83 because the razor cartridge 15 contains only 3 blades. D5 is the distance parallel to the shave plane S between point C and the last blade edge 85. D6 is the distance parallel to the shave plane S between point C and the close cap point 86 on the cap 36 to the last blade edge 85. D7 is the distance parallel to the shave plane S between point C and the tallest cap point 81 on the cap 36. Depending on the design of the shaving razor system array in which any cartridge fit any handle, D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7 or any combination thereof may be held about constant for all combinations of cartridges and handles. Preferred distances for D1 are about 0.5 mm to about 2mm, for D2 are about 0.9 mm to about 2.4 mm, and for D3 are about 1.3 mm to about 3.0 mm.

    [0082] The at least on skin interconnect member 20 may be in pivotal relation to either the proximal end portion 16, the distal end portions 18, or both the proximal end and distal end portions of the handle 12. The at least one skin interconnect member 20 may be in pivotal relation to the handle 12 via, for example, a spring, a joint, a hinge, a bearing, or any other suitable connection that enables the at least one skin interconnect member to be in pivotal relation to the handle. The at least one skin interconnect member may be in pivotal relation to the handle 12 via mechanisms that contain one or more springs and one or more sliding contact bearings, such as a pin pivot, a shell bearing, a linkage, a revolute joint, a revolute hinge, a prismatic slider, a prismatic joint, a cylindrical joint, a spherical joint, a ball-and-socket joint, a planar joint, a slot joint, a reduced slot joint, or any other suitable joint, or one or more springs and one or more rolling element bearings, such as a ball bearing, a cylindrical pin bearing, or rolling element thrust bearing. Sliding contact bearings can typically have friction levels of 0.1 to 0.3. Rolling element bearings can typically have friction of 0.001 to 0.01. Lower friction bearings are preferred the further a pivot mechanism is offset from its axis of rotation to assure smooth motion and prevent the bearing from sticking.

    [0083] Typically, pivot mechanisms about axis A1 allow rotational motions ranging from about 0 degrees from the cartridge rest position to about 50 degrees. A rotational stiffness for a pivot mechanism about axis A1 may be measured by deflecting the pivot 25 degrees and measuring the required torque to maintain this position. Additionally, the torque levels at 50 degrees of rotation are generally less than 20 N-mm. The rotational stiffness (torque measured about the axis of rotation divided by degrees of angular rotation) associated with the A1 pivot axis is generally less than 0.3 N-mm per degree of rotation and preferably between 0.05 N-mm per degree of rotation and 0.18 N-m per degree of rotation.

    [0084] Typically, pivot mechanisms about axis A2 or A3 (shown in FIG. 6C) allow rotational motions ranging from -40 degrees to +40 degrees. Pivot mechanisms about axis A4 (shown in 1A, 2A, and 6C) or axis A5 (shown in FIG.12B) typically allow rotational motions ranging from -20 degrees to +20 degrees. A rotational stiffness for a pivot mechanism about axis A2, axis A3, axis A4, or axis A5 may be measured by deflecting the pivot -5 degrees and +5 degrees and measuring the required torques to maintain this position. The rotational stiffness may be calculated by dividing the absolute value of the difference in these measured torques by the 10 degrees of angular motion. The rotational stiffness associated with pivot mechanisms about A2, A3, A4, or A5 may generally range from about 0.8 to about 2.5 N-mm per degree of rotation.

    [0085] In FIG. 5A, components of the skin interconnect member 20 and the pivoting mechanism 30 that enable rotation about axis A1 for the embodiment were shown in detail. The proximal end portion 16 of the handle 12 was connected to the skin interconnect member 20 by a pair of bracket arms 59, a spring return element 55, and the benefit delivery connection 71. In the embodiments shown in FIG. 5B, the spring return element is made of a metal. A pivoting mechanism that comprises a spring return element made of a stress-relaxation resistant material such as metal, polyetheretherketone, or silicone rubber is preferable because it can help prevent the razor 10 or razor handle 12 from taking a "set" - permanently deforming at deflected angle when the razor 10 or razor handle 12 is stored improperly due to the stress relaxation of the components that connect the skin interconnect member to the proximal end of the handle.

    [0086] Moreover, since the benefit delivery connection 71, such as the flexible circuit element shown in FIG. 2B and fluid delivery element in FIGs. 3B and 5A of a pivot mechanism, is typically comprised of materials that stress relax, it is preferable if the rotational stiffness of the spring return element made from the stress-relaxation-resist material is greater than 50% the rotational stiffness of the pivot mechanism. The rotational stiffness of the spring return element alone can be measured by cutting out the benefit delivery connection 71 at its points of contact with the skin interconnect member 20 and the proximal end 16 of the handle 12. An alternate way of stating this preferable configuration is rotational stiffness of the pivot mechanism is greater than twice the rotational stiffness of said pivot mechanism with said benefit delivery connection disconnected at the proximal end of the handle and at the skin interconnect member, and preferably greater than five times the rotational stiffness of said pivot mechanism with said benefit delivery connection disconnected at the proximal end of the handle and at the skin interconnect member. This preferable configuration greatly reduces the probability and conditions under which the razor 10 or razor handle 12 can take a "set". The rotational stiffness of a pivot mechanism (with or without benefit delivery connection) about axis A1, axis A2, axis A3, axis A4, axis A5, or any combination thereof can be measured by the procedure outlined above.

    [0087] Having a skin interconnect member in a razor does not inhibit the construction and order of connection of razor components. The present invention contemplates that the order of connection of the various components of the shaving razor may vary while also enabling motion about axes A1, A2, A3, A4, and/or A5. The components of the shaving razor generally include the razor cartridge 15, the handle 12, the skin interconnect member 20, and the mechanisms or structures that provide the motion about axes A1, A2, A3, A4, and/or A5. The mechanisms and components thereof, that provide these motions are preferably found in the handle.

    [0088] In one embodiment, shown in view 127A of FIG. 12A the order of physical connection of these shaving razor components, starting furthest away from the distal end portion 18 of the handle 12, is (1) the razor cartridge 15, (2) the skin interconnect member 20, (3) the mechanism 30 to enable rotation about axis A1 (e.g., the components such as spring and bracket arms shown in the embodiment described in FIG. 5B) (4) mechanism 38 to enable rotation about axis A4 (e.g. such as the components of the GILLETTE® Flexball razor and the components disclosed in co-owned, co-pending US Application having Docket No. 15148P and (5) the handle 12. That is the razor cartridge 15 is connected to the skin interconnect member 20, the skin interconnect member 20 is connected to the axis A1 mechanism 30, the axis A4 mechanism 38 is connected to the axis A1 mechanism 30, which is then connected to the handle 12. An embodiment that enables motion about the axis A5 can beneficially enable the razor cartridge to more closely follow the contours of the skin during a shave stroke. View 127B of FIG. 12B shows another embodiment of the present invention with additional mechanisms to enable rotation about specific axes of rotation - specifically mechanism 92 to enable rotation about axis A3, mechanism 93 to enable rotation about axis A2, and mechanism 94 to enable rotation about axis A5. Mechanisms 38, 92, and 93 are each located in the handle neck area 23 and mechanism 93 and 94 are located in the handle main body area 21. The addition of mechanisms 92, 93, and 94 or the replacement of other mechanisms with 92, 93, and 94 can provide flexibility in design, compound angles of motion to enable the razor cartridge 15 to better follow the skin during a shaving stroke, and smaller, simpler mechanisms.

    [0089] Referring to FIG. 12B and the embodiment shown in view 127A, the order of physical connection of these razor components, starting furthest away from the distal end portion 18 of the handle 12 is (1) the razor cartridge 15, (2) the skin interconnect member 20, (3) the mechanism 38 to enable rotation about axis A4 which may include the bottom pod 19 and a spring return element, (4) the mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1, and (5) the handle 12. That is the razor cartridge is connected to the skin interconnect member, the skin interconnect member is connected to the axis A4 mechanism 38, the axis A4 mechanism 38 is connected to the axis A1 mechanism 30, which is then connected to the handle 12. The axis A1 mechanism 30 can have a similar design to that described in FIG. 5 including the bearings, spring return element and bracket arms.

    [0090] In views 127B-127E of FIG. 12B, other embodiments are shown with the order of physical connection, starting furthest away from the distal end portion 18 of the handle 12, of the first three of the razors components is (1) the razor cartridge 15, (2) the skin interconnect member 20, and (3) a mechanism that does not enable rotation solely about axis A1. The axis A1 mechanisms 30 of the non-limiting embodiments in FIG. 12B can be in the handle neck area 21 (views 127A and 127B), the handle main body 23 (views 127D and 127E), or the junction between the handle neck area 21 and the handle main body 23 (view 127C). Because of the separation between the skin interconnect member 20 and axis A1 mechanism 30, these embodiments can make it feasible to have a rotational movement (e.g., a yaw motion or a roll motion) closer to the cartridge. This order of physical connection can enable simpler pivot mechanisms, more modular razor designs and notably, skin interconnect members with larger volumes.

    [0091] Alternatively, or additionally, the axis A1, axis A2, axis A3, and/or axis A4 mechanisms may be combined in any order of connection or combined into one unit. The combinations of different order of connection of mechanisms about different axes of motion can provide flexibility in the razor system design to deliver good shave performance and benefits from the handle via the skin interconnect element. The combination into one unit may be referred to as providing a universal type pivoting motion.

    [0092] The dimensions and values disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, a dimension disclosed as "40 mm" is intended to mean "about 40 mm."

    [0093] While particular embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it would be obvious to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. It is therefore intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this invention.


    Claims

    1. A shaving razor system (10) comprising:

    a razor cartridge (15), said razor cartridge comprising

    a housing (32) having a front side (64) and a front blade (62) having a blade edge (82), said front blade mounted to said housing, said front blade most proximal to said front side of said housing;

    at least one opening (100) in said housing disposed in front of said front blade, said at least one opening extending through said housing from a top surface (67) of said housing to a bottom surface (69) of said housing;

    a handle (12), said handle comprising

    a proximal end portion (16), a distal end portion (18), and at least one skin interconnect member (20), said skin interconnect member in pivotal relation to the proximal end portion of said handle;

    wherein said at least one skin interconnect member is joined within said at least one opening of said housing to provide a pivot point P for said razor cartridge relative to said handle, said pivot point P is located up to about 3.5mm in front of the front blade edge, up to about 11 mm behind the front blade edge, up to about 1mm above the shave plane S, and up to about 2.5 mm below the shave plane S, and wherein said at least one skin interconnect member is not pivotal relative to said housing.


     
    2. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein the at least one skin interconnect member comprises a fluid element, a thermal element, a skin scrubbing element, a hair trimmer, an epilator, or any combination thereof.
     
    3. The shaving razor system of claims 1 or 2 wherein a shape of said opening and a shape of the at least one skin interconnect member is substantially similar.
     
    4. The shaving razor system of any of claims 1 to 3 wherein said at least one skin interconnect member comprises a trapezoidal prism shape.
     
    5. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein said at least one opening comprises a funnel shape.
     
    6. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein a perimeter of said opening at a bottom surface of said housing is larger than a perimeter of said opening at a top surface of said housing.
     
    7. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein a perimeter of said opening at a bottom surface of said housing ranges from about 75 mm to about 100 mm.
     
    8. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein a perimeter of said opening at a top surface of said housing ranges from about 50 mm to about 70 mm.
     
    9. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein a top surface of said at least one skin interconnect member is not disposed on a shave plane of said razor cartridge.
     
    10. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein said handle comprises a mass of about 57 grams to about 150 grams.
     
    11. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein the razor cartridge is releasably engaged with the at least one skin interconnect member to replaceably secure the razor cartridge to the proximal end portion of the handle.
     
    12. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein said at least one skin interconnect member has a length from about 20 mm to about 40 mm, a width from about 1.5 mm to about 5 mm, a volume greater than about 300 mm3, a top surface area of about 40 mm2 to about 120 mm2, or any combination thereof.
     
    13. The shaving razor system of any preceding claim wherein said at least one skin interconnect member has a skin interfacing surface.
     
    14. The shaving razor of any preceding claim wherein an order of physical connection of components comprises said razor cartridge connected to said skin interconnect member, said skin interconnect member connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A1, said axis A1 mechanism connected to a mechanism to enable rotation about axis A4 and/or axis A3 and/or an axis A2, said axis A4 mechanism and/or said axis A3 mechanism and/or axis A2 mechanism connected to said handle, the pivotal relation of the skin interconnect member to said proximal end portion of said handle is comprised of one or more rolling element bearings, or combination thereof.
     
    15. The shaving razor of any preceding claim wherein one or more walls of said housing that defines said opening only partially surrounds said skin interconnect member and wherein at least a portion of said one or more walls is in front of a portion of said skin interconnect member, at least a portion of said one or more walls is behind a portion of said skin interconnect member, or a combination thereof.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Rasierersystem (10), umfassend:

    eine Rasierklingeneinheit (15), wobei die Rasierklingeneinheit

    ein Gehäuse (32) mit einer Vorderseite (64) und eine vordere Klinge (62) mit einer Klingenkante (82), wobei die vordere Klinge an dem Gehäuse angebracht ist, wobei die vordere Klinge am nächsten zu der Vorderseite des Gehäuses gelegen ist;

    wenigstens eine Öffnung (100) in dem Gehäuse, die vor der vorderen Klinge angeordnet ist, wobei sich die wenigstens eine Öffnung durch das Gehäuse von einer Oberseite (67) des Gehäuses zu einer Unterseite (69) des Gehäuses erstreckt;

    einen Griff (12) umfasst, wobei der Griff

    einen proximalen Endabschnitt (16), einen distalen Endabschnitt (18) und wenigstens ein Hautverbindungselement (20) umfasst, wobei das Hautverbindungselement schwenkbar in Bezug auf den proximalen Endabschnitt des Griffs ist;

    wobei das wenigstens eine Hautverbindungselement innerhalb der wenigstens einen Öffnung des Gehäuses verbunden ist, um einen Drehpunkt P für die Rasierklingeneinheit relativ zu dem Griff bereitzustellen, wobei sich der Drehpunkt P bis zu etwa 3,5 mm vor der vorderen Klingenkante, bis etwa 11 mm hinter der vorderen Klingenkante, bis etwa 1 mm über der Rasierebene S und bis etwa 2,5 mm unter der Rasierebene S befindet und wobei das wenigstens eine Hautverbindungselement relativ zu dem Gehäuse nicht schwenkbar ist.


     
    2. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das wenigstens eine Hautverbindungselement ein Fluidelement, ein Thermoelement, ein Hautrubbelelement, einen Haartrimmer, ein Epilationsgerät oder jede Kombination davon umfasst.
     
    3. Rasierersystem nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei eine Form der Öffnung und eine Form des wenigstens einen Hautverbindungselements im Wesentlichen ähnlich ist.
     
    4. Rasierersystem nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das wenigstens eine Hautverbindungselement eine trapezförmige Prismenform umfasst.
     
    5. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die wenigstens eine Öffnung eine Trichterform umfasst.
     
    6. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Umfang der Öffnung an einer Unterseite des Gehäuses größer ist als ein Umfang der Öffnung an einer Oberseite des Gehäuses.
     
    7. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Umfang der Öffnung an einer Unterseite des Gehäuses von etwa 75 mm bis etwa 100 mm reicht.
     
    8. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Umfang der Öffnung an einer Oberseite des Gehäuses von etwa 50 mm bis etwa 70 mm reicht.
     
    9. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine Oberseite des wenigstens einen Hautverbindungselements nicht auf einer Rasierebene der Rasierklingeneinheit angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Griff eine Masse von etwa 57 Gramm bis etwa 150 Gramm umfasst.
     
    11. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Rasierklingeneinheit lösbar mit dem wenigstens einen Hautverbindungselement in Eingriff steht, um die Rasierklingeneinheit austauschbar an dem proximalen Endabschnitt des Griffs zu befestigen.
     
    12. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das wenigstens eine Hautverbindungselement eine Länge von etwa 20 mm bis etwa 40 mm, eine Breite von etwa 1,5 mm bis etwa 5 mm, ein Volumen von mehr als etwa 300 mm3, einen oberen Oberflächenbereich von etwa 40 mm2 bis etwa 120 mm2 oder jede Kombination davon aufweist.
     
    13. Rasierersystem nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das wenigstens eine Hautverbindungselement eine Hautkontaktoberfläche aufweist.
     
    14. Rasierer nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine Reihenfolge der physischen Verbindung von Bestandteilen die mit dem Hautverbindungselement verbundene Rasierklingeneinheit, das mit einem Mechanismus verbundene Hautverbindungselement, um eine Drehung um die Achse A1 zu ermöglichen, den mit einem Mechanismus verbundene Achse-A1-Mechanismus, um eine Drehung um die Achse A4 und/oder die Achse A3 und/oder eine Achse A2 zu ermöglichen, den mit dem Griff verbundenen Achse-A4-Mechanismus und/oder der Achse-A3-Mechanismus und/oder Achse-A2-Mechanismus umfasst, wobei die Schwenkbeziehung des Hautverbindungselements zu dem proximalen Endabschnitt des Griffs aus einem oder mehreren Rollelementlagern oder einer Kombination davon besteht.
     
    15. Rasierer nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine oder mehrere Wände des Gehäuses, welche die Öffnung definieren, das Hautverbindungselement nur teilweise umgeben und wobei wenigstens ein Teil der einen oder der mehreren Wände vor einem Abschnitt des Hautverbindungselements liegt, wenigstens ein Teil der einen oder der mehreren Wände hinter einem Abschnitt des Hautverbindungselements liegt oder eine Kombination davon.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système de rasoir de rasage (10) comprenant :

    une cartouche de rasoir (15), ladite cartouche de rasoir comprenant

    un boîtier (32) ayant un côté avant (64) et une lame avant (62) ayant une arête de lame (82), ladite lame avant montée sur ledit boîtier, ladite lame avant étant la plus proximale audit côté avant dudit boîtier ;

    au moins une ouverture (100) dans ledit boîtier disposée devant ladite lame avant, ladite au moins une ouverture s'étendant à travers ledit boîtier depuis une surface supérieure (67) dudit boîtier jusqu'à une surface inférieure (69) dudit boîtier ;

    une poignée (12), ladite poignée comprenant

    une partie d'extrémité proximale (16), une partie d'extrémité distale (18), et au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau (20), ledit membre d'interconnexion de peau en relation pivotante avec la partie d'extrémité proximale de ladite poignée ;

    dans lequel ledit au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau est joint au sein de ladite au moins une ouverture dudit boîtier pour fournir un point de pivotement P pour ladite cartouche de rasoir par rapport à ladite poignée, ledit point de pivotement P est situé jusqu'à environ 3,5 mm devant l'arête de lame avant, jusqu'à environ 11 mm derrière l'arête de lame avant, jusqu'à environ 1 mm plus haut que le plan de rasage S, et jusqu'à environ 2,5 mm sous le plan de rasage S, et dans lequel ledit au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau n'est pas pivotant par rapport audit boîtier.


     
    2. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel l'au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau comprend un élément fluide, un élément thermique, un élément de récurage de peau, une tondeuse à poils, un épilateur, ou l'une quelconque combinaison de ceux-ci.
     
    3. Système de rasoir de rasage selon les revendications 1 ou 2 dans lequel une forme de ladite ouverture et une forme de l'au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau est sensiblement similaire.
     
    4. Système de rasoir de rasage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 dans lequel ledit au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau comprend une forme de prisme trapézoïdal.
     
    5. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel ladite au moins une ouverture comprend une forme d'entonnoir.
     
    6. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel un périmètre de ladite ouverture au niveau d'une surface inférieure dudit boîtier est plus grand qu'un périmètre de ladite ouverture au niveau d'une surface supérieure dudit boîtier.
     
    7. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel un périmètre de ladite ouverture au niveau d'une surface inférieure dudit boîtier varie d'environ 75 mm à environ 100 mm.
     
    8. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel un périmètre de ladite ouverture au niveau d'une surface supérieure dudit boîtier varie d'environ 50 mm à environ 70 mm.
     
    9. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel une surface supérieure dudit au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau n'est pas disposée sur un plan de rasage de ladite cartouche de rasoir.
     
    10. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel ladite poignée comprend une masse d'environ 57 grammes à environ 150 grammes.
     
    11. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel la cartouche de rasoir est en prise de manière libérable avec l'au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau pour fixer de manière remplaçable la cartouche de rasoir à la partie d'extrémité proximale de la poignée.
     
    12. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel ledit au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau a une longueur d'environ 20 mm à environ 40 mm, une largeur d'environ 1,5 mm à environ 5 mm, un volume supérieur à environ 300 mm3, une surface supérieure d'environ 40 mm2 à environ 120 mm2, ou l'une quelconque combinaison de ceux-ci.
     
    13. Système de rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel ledit au moins un membre d'interconnexion de peau a une surface d'interface de peau.
     
    14. Rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel un ordre de raccordement physique de composants comprend ladite cartouche de rasoir raccordée audit membre d'interconnexion de peau, ledit membre d'interconnexion de peau étant raccordé à un mécanisme pour permettre une rotation autour d'un axe A1, ledit mécanisme d'axe A1 étant raccordé à un mécanisme pour permettre une rotation autour d'un axe A4 et/ou axe A3 et/ou un axe A2, ledit mécanisme d'axe A4 et/ou ledit mécanisme d'axe A3 et/ou un mécanisme d'axe A2 étant raccordés à ladite poignée, la relation pivotante du membre d'interconnexion de peau avec ladite partie d'extrémité proximale de ladite poignée est constituée d'un ou plusieurs paliers d'élément de laminage, ou combinaison de ceux-ci.
     
    15. Rasoir de rasage selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans lequel une ou plusieurs parois dudit boîtier qui définit ladite ouverture n'entourent que partiellement ledit membre d'interconnexion de peau et dans lequel au moins une partie desdites une ou plusieurs parois est devant une partie dudit membre d'interconnexion de peau, au moins une partie desdites une ou plusieurs parois est derrière une partie dudit membre d'interconnexion de peau, ou combinaison de celles-ci.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description