(19)
(11)EP 3 777 728 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(21)Application number: 19776732.0

(22)Date of filing:  20.03.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/3207  (2006.01)
A61B 17/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2019/011688
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/188655 (03.10.2019 Gazette  2019/40)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 29.03.2018 JP 2018064010

(71)Applicant: TERUMO Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 151-0072 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KITAOKA, Takashi
    Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa 259-0151 (JP)
  • SHIRAISHI, Mizuho
    Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa 259-0151 (JP)

(74)Representative: Casalonga 
Casalonga & Partners Bayerstraße 71/73
80335 München
80335 München (DE)

  


(54)MEDICAL DEVICE


(57) To provide a medical device capable of arbitrarily adjusting, during when a rotating expandable portion breaks an object, a breaking force of the expandable portion.
A medical device (10) for breaking a thrombus (B) in a blood vessel includes a shaft portion (20), an expandable portion (60) that is provided to the shaft portion (20), a fixing portion (40) that fixes the expandable portion (60) and the shaft portion (20), a slide portion (50) that is fixed to the expandable portion (60) and is slidable with the shaft portion (20), and an outer tube (30) that houses therein the shaft portion (20), in which the slide portion (50) is movable by being indirectly pressed by the outer tube (30), and the slide portion (50) is relatively rotatable relative to the outer tube (30).




Description

Technical Field



[0001] This disclosure relates to a medical device for removing an object in a body lumen.

Background Art



[0002] A thrombus generated in a body lumen needs to be promptly removed. As a treatment method of a thrombus, there is a method of breaking and removing the thrombus by an expandable portion provided to a distal side of an elongated shaft portion. The expandable portion changes an expanded diameter thereof depending on a change in length in an axial direction.

[0003] For example, PTL 1 describes a device that cuts a thrombus in a coronary artery. This device is provided with a rotating body with an outer surface on which an abradant is adhered, in a distal portion of a catheter. This device rotates the rotating body in the coronary artery, thereby cutting a stenosis substance by the abradant. The rotating body of this device is provided with four bars that are arranged in a circumferential direction. The rotating body is capable of expanding in accordance with a diameter of a blood vessel by bending and protruding the bars radially outward.

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0004] PTL 1: JP-T 2003-504090

Summary of Invention


Technical Problem



[0005] When an object to be broken is difficult to be broken, a breaking force is desired to be arbitrarily increased in some cases. However, the abovementioned device described in PTL 1 cannot arbitrarily change the expanded diameter of the bar during when the rotating body is rotating.

[0006] This disclosure is made in order to solve the above-described problems, and an object thereof is to provide a medical device that can arbitrarily adjust a breaking force of an expandable portion when the rotating expandable portion breaks an object.

Solution to Problem



[0007] A medical device according to this disclosure that attains the abovementioned object is a medical device for destroying an object in a body lumen, the medical device including: an elongated shaft portion that is rotationally driven; an expandable portion that is provided to a distal portion of the shaft portion; a fixing portion to which a distal end of the expandable portion and the shaft portion are fixed;
a slide portion that is fixed to a proximal end of the expandable portion, and is slidably interlocked with the shaft portion in an axial direction; and an outer tube that houses therein the shaft portion, and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion, in which the slide portion is movable by being directly or indirectly pressed by the outer tube, and the slide portion is relatively rotatable relative to the outer tube.

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0008] In the medical device configured as the above, the slide portion can be moved to the distal side or the proximal side by causing the outer tube to move in the axial direction. The slide portion moves to the distal side or the proximal side to deform the expandable portion that is positioned between the fixing portion and the slide portion. In addition, the interlock portion relatively rotates relative to the outer tube. Therefore, in the medical device, during when the rotating expandable portion breaks the object, it is possible to arbitrarily adjust the breaking force of the expandable portion and to prevent the rotation force from the rotating slide portion from being transmitted to the outer tube, which results in an easy operation by an operator.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0009] 

[Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a plan view illustrating a medical device according to an embodiment.

[Fig. 2] Fig. 2 is an enlarged plan view illustrating a distal portion of the medical device.

[Fig. 3] Fig. 3 depicts cross-sectional views illustrating the distal portion of the medical device: (A) illustrates a state where an expandable portion has expanded; and (B) illustrates a state where the expandable portion has deflated.

[Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state where the expandable portion is further expanded in a blood vessel.

[Fig. 5] Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state where a shaft portion is curved in the blood vessel.

[Fig. 6] Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view illustrating of a modification example of the medical device.


Description of Embodiments



[0010] Hereinafter, an embodiment of this disclosure will be described with reference to the drawings. Note that, the size ratios in the drawings may be exaggerated for convenience of explanation, and may be different from the actual size ratios in some cases.

[0011] A medical device 10 according to the present embodiment is inserted into a blood vessel in a deep venous thrombosis, and is used for a procedure to break a thrombus. In the present description, a side of a device to be inserted into the blood vessel is referred to a "distal side", and a hand-side where the device is operated is referred to as a "proximal side". Note that, an object to be broken is not necessarily limited to a thrombus, but all the objects that can exist in a body lumen can be corresponded.

[0012] The medical device 10 is provided with, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 3(A), a shaft portion 20, an outer tube 30, an expandable portion 60, a fixing portion 40, a slide portion 50, an interlock portion 70, an operation unit 80, and a driving unit 90.

[0013] The shaft portion 20 is a portion that transmits a rotation force to the expandable portion 60. The shaft portion 20 is provided with a shaft body 21, a guide convex portion 22, a distal side stopper 23, a proximal side stopper 24, and a hub 25. The shaft body 21 is an elongated tubular body that transmits the rotation force from a proximal portion to a distal portion. The proximal portion of the shaft body 21 penetrates through the operation unit 80. The proximal portion of the shaft body 21 is rotatably disposed to the operation unit 80. The shaft body 21 has flexibility so as to be able to move in the blood vessel. In addition, the shaft body 21 has preferably high torsional rigidity so as to be able to transmit the rotation force from the proximal portion to the distal portion. The shaft portion 20 is, for example, a tubular body made of metal in which a spiral-shaped slit is formed. As a constituent material for the shaft portion 20, for example, stainless steel is suitable.

[0014] The hub 25 is fixed to a proximal end of the shaft body 21. The hub 25 allows a guide wire to be inserted therethrough.

[0015]  The guide convex portion 22 is fixed to an outer peripheral surface in a distal portion of the shaft body 21. The guide convex portion 22 is elongated, and is disposed parallel to an central axis of the shaft body 21. The guide convex portion 22 restricts the rotation of the slide portion 50, and transmits the rotation force to the slide portion 50. Moreover, the guide convex portion 22 causes the slide portion 50 to move along the central axis of the shaft body 21.

[0016] The distal side stopper 23 is a ring-shaped member that is fixed to the outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21 on the distal side of the guide convex portion 22. The distal side stopper 23 restricts movement of the slide portion 50 to the distal side. The proximal side stopper 24 is a ring-shaped member that is fixed to the outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21 on the proximal side of the guide convex portion 22. The proximal side stopper 24 restricts the movement of the slide portion 50 to the proximal side.

[0017] The fixing portion 40 is a tubular member that fixes the expandable portion 60 to the shaft portion 20. The fixing portion 40 is fixed to the outer peripheral surface in a distal end of the shaft body 21. In addition, the fixing portion 40 is fixed to a distal end of the expandable portion 60.

[0018]  The slide portion 50 is a member that is provided slidably to outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21 on the proximal side from the fixing portion 40. A proximal end of the expandable portion 60 is fixed to the slide portion 50. The slide portion 50 has an approximately C-character shape in a cross-section orthogonal to the central axis of the shaft body 21. In other words, a slit-shaped guide groove 51 is formed from a distal end to a proximal end of the slide portion 50. The guide convex portion 22 is disposed in the guide groove 51. Accordingly, the slide portion 50 is capable of sliding on the outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21 in the axial direction along the guide convex portion 22. Moreover, the rotation of the slide portion 50 is restricted by the guide convex portion 22. Accordingly, when the shaft portion 20 rotates, the slide portion 50 receives the rotation force from the guide convex portion 22. Therefore, the slide portion 50 is movable in the axial direction relative to the shaft portion 20, and can rotate together with the shaft portion 20.

[0019] The expandable portion 60 is a portion that outwardly expands in the body lumen, and rotates to break an object such as a thrombus. The expandable portion 60 is provided to the distal portion of the shaft portion 20. The expandable portion 60 is provided with a plurality of (six in the present embodiment) wire rods 61. Each of the wire rods 61 is three-dimensionally curved. Note that, the number of the wire rods 61 is not specially limited. Moreover, the cross-sectional shape of wire rod 61 is not specially limited. A twist toward the same circumferential direction is applied to each of the wire rods 61 along the axial direction of the shaft portion 20. Distal ends of the respective wire rods 61 are fixed to the fixing portion 40. Proximal ends of the respective wire rods 61 are fixed to the slide portion 50. Fixed positions of the respective wire rods 61 relative to the fixing portion 40 and the slide portion 50 are aligned in the circumferential direction. Moreover, curved approximately center parts of the respective wire rods 61 are aligned in the circumferential direction at positions distant from the shaft portion 20 in the radial direction. Accordingly, the expandable portion 60 has a uniform swelling in the circumferential direction as a whole. The expandable portion 60 becomes a first expanded state in a natural state where no external force acts. When the shaft portion 20 rotates, the expandable portion 60 also rotates with the rotation, and can break a thrombus in the blood vessel and stir the broken thrombi.

[0020] The wire rods 61 included in the expandable portion 60 each include fine lines made of metal and having flexibility. The expandable portion 60 is in a state of being housed in an inside of a publicly known sheath 100 before reaching a target site in the blood vessel, as illustrated in Fig. 3 (B) . When the expandable portion 60 is inserted into the sheath 100, the slide portion 50 moves along the shaft portion 20 to the proximal side, and is separated from the fixing portion 40. Accordingly, the wire rods 61 are reduced in diameter and housed in an inside of the sheath 100. After the shaft portion 20 is inserted to the target site in the blood vessel, the sheath 100 is moved to the proximal side relative to the shaft portion 20. Accordingly, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3(A), the expandable portion 60 is exposed to an outside of the sheath 100, and outwardly expands by a self elastic force thereof. At this time, the slide portion 50 moves along the shaft portion 20 to the distal side.

[0021] The wire rods 61 desirably include a material having shape memory characteristics so as to be highly elastically deformed. As a constituent material for the wire rods 61, for example, a shape memory alloy to which a shape memory effect and super elasticity are applied by thermal processing, stainless steel, and the like are suitable. As for a shape memory alloy, Ni-Ti-based, Cu-Al-Ni-based, Cu-Zn-Al-based alloys, combinations thereof, and the like are suitable.

[0022]  The outer tube 30 is a member that transmits a movement force toward the axial direction at a hand-side to the distal side. The outer tube 30 is provided with an outer tube main body 31 and a press-side engagement portion 32. The outer tube main body 31 is a tubular body that rotatably houses therein the rotating shaft body 21. The outer tube main body 31 has flexibility so as to be able to move in the blood vessel. The outer tube main body 31 is movable in the axial direction along the shaft body 21. A proximal portion of the outer tube main body 31 is positioned in an inside of the operation unit 80. The press-side engagement portion 32 is a ring-shaped member that is fixed to an outer peripheral surface in a distal end of the outer tube main body 31. The press-side engagement portion 32 protrudes from the outer peripheral surface of the outer tube main body 31 outward in the radial direction. A surface on the distal side of and a surface on the proximal side of the press-side engagement portion 32 are approximately vertical to the central axis of the shaft portion 20.

[0023] The interlock portion 70 is a tubular body that transmits the movement force of the outer tube 30 toward the axial direction to the slide portion 50. The interlock portion 70 is provided with a distal side fixing portion 78, a movement-side engagement portion 71, a first receiving portion 74, a second receiving portion 75, a first tubular portion 76, and a second tubular portion 77. The movement-side engagement portion 71 is provided with a first movement-side engagement portion 72, and a second movement-side engagement portion 73. The distal side fixing portion 78 covers the slide portion 50, and is fixed to the slide portion 50.

[0024] The first movement-side engagement portion 72 is a portion that is capable of engaging with the press-side engagement portion 32. The first movement-side engagement portion 72 is positioned on the proximal side from the distal side fixing portion 78. The first movement-side engagement portion 72 protrudes inward in the radial direction. The first movement-side engagement portion 72 is positioned on the distal side of the press-side engagement portion 32. A surface on the proximal side of the first movement-side engagement portion 72 is approximately vertical to the central axis of the shaft portion 20. An inner diameter of the first movement-side engagement portion 72 is larger than an outer diameter of the shaft body 21, and is smaller than an outer diameter of the press-side engagement portion 32. Accordingly, a surface on the proximal side of the first movement-side engagement portion 72 is capable of engaging with the press-side engagement portion 32 that moves to the distal side.

[0025] The second movement-side engagement portion 73 is a portion capable of engaging with the press-side engagement portion 32. The second movement-side engagement portion 73 is positioned on the proximal side from the first movement-side engagement portion 72. The second movement-side engagement portion 73 protrudes inward in the radial direction. The second movement-side engagement portion 73 is positioned on the proximal side of the press-side engagement portion 32. A surface on the distal side of the second movement-side engagement portion 73 is approximately vertical to the central axis of the shaft portion 20. An inner diameter of the second movement-side engagement portion 73 is larger than the outer diameter of the outer tube main body 31, and is smaller than the outer diameter of the press-side engagement portion 32. Accordingly, the surface on the distal side of the second movement-side engagement portion 73 is capable of engaging with the press-side engagement portion 32 that moves to the proximal side.

[0026] The first receiving portion 74 is formed continuously from the first movement-side engagement portion 72 on the distal side of the first movement-side engagement portion 72. An inner peripheral surface of the first receiving portion 74 comes into close contact with the outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21 with a prescribed clearance. The inner peripheral surface of the first receiving portion 74 is capable of smoothly sliding with the outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21.

[0027] The second receiving portion 75 is formed continuously from the second movement-side engagement portion 73 on the proximal side of the second movement-side engagement portion 73. An inner peripheral surface of the second receiving portion 75 comes into close contact with the outer peripheral surface of the outer tube main body 31 with a prescribed clearance. The inner peripheral surface of the second receiving portion 75 is capable of smoothly sliding with the outer peripheral surface of the outer tube main body 31.

[0028] The first tubular portion 76 is a tubular portion that is positioned between the distal side fixing portion 78 and the first receiving portion 74. An inner diameter of the first tubular portion 76 is larger than an outer diameter of the proximal side stopper 24. Accordingly, the first tubular portion 76 provides an internal space in which the proximal side stopper 24 is movable in the axial direction.

[0029]  The second tubular portion 77 is a tubular portion that is positioned between the first movement-side engagement portion 72 and the second movement-side engagement portion 73. An inner diameter of the second tubular portion 77 is larger than the outer diameter of the press-side engagement portion 32. Accordingly, the second tubular portion 77 provides an internal space in which the press-side engagement portion 32 is movable in the axial direction. A length of the second tubular portion 77 in the axial direction is longer than a length of the press-side engagement portion 32 in the axial direction. Therefore, the press-side engagement portion 32 is movable in the axial direction in an inside of the second tubular portion 77 that is positioned between the first movement-side engagement portion 72 and the second movement-side engagement portion 73.

[0030] The interlock portion 70 preferably has flexibility more than and has flexural rigidity lower than the shaft portion 20 so as not to hinder an operation of the shaft portion 20. A constituent material for the interlock portion 70 is not specially limited, and for example, thermoplastic polyester elastomer, polyolefin such as polyethylene or polypropylene, polyamide, polyester such as polyethylene terephthalate, a fluorinated polymer such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or tetrafluoroethylene ethylene copolymer (ETFE), polyether ether ketone (PEEK), polyimide can be used suitably.

[0031] The operation unit 80 is a portion that is gripped and operated by an operator. The operation unit 80 is provided with, as illustrated in Fig. 1, a casing 81, a first gear 82 that is fixed to the shaft body 21, and an operation handle 83 that is fixed to the outer tube 30. The casing 81, through which the shaft portion 20 penetrates, houses therein a proximal end of the outer tube 30. A part of the first gear 82 is disposed in the casing 81, and another part thereof is exposed outward from an opening portion 84 of the casing 81. A part of the operation handle 83 is disposed in the casing 81, and another part thereof is positioned outward of the casing 81. The operation handle 83 is movable in the axial direction relative to the casing 81. The operation handle 83 is fixed to the outer tube 30 in an inside of the casing 81. Accordingly, the operation handle 83 moves in the axial direction, whereby the outer tube 30 moves in the axial direction relative to the shaft portion 20.

[0032] The driving unit 90 is a portion that rotationally drives the shaft portion 20. The driving unit 90 is provided with a drive source 91 such as a motor, a second gear 92 that is rotated by the drive source 91, and a connector 93 that is interlocked with the operation unit 80. The connector 93 is interlocked with the operation unit 80, whereby the second gear 92 and the first gear 82 mesh with each other. Accordingly, the drive source 91 is rotated to rotate the shaft portion 20. The drive source 91 is configured to rotate in opposite directions. The drive source 91 is not limited to one that rotates in opposite directions, but may rotate in one direction.

[0033] Next, an effect of the medical device 10 according to the embodiment will be described using a case where a thrombus B in the blood vessel is broken as an example.

[0034] Firstly, as illustrated in Fig. 3 (B) , the medical device 10 in a state where the distal portion of the shaft portion 20 including the expandable portion 60 is housed in the sheath 100 is prepared. Next, a guide wire 110 (see Fig. 4) is inserted into the shaft portion 20. Subsequently, the expandable portion 60 is reached in the vicinity of the thrombus B along the guide wire 110. Thereafter, when the sheath 100 is moved to the proximal side relative to the medical device 10, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3(A), the expandable portion 60 is exposed in the outside of the sheath 100. Accordingly, the expandable portion 60 outwardly expands by the self elastic force, and becomes a first expanded state. At this time, the slide portion 50 slides along the guide convex portion 22 on the outer peripheral surface of the shaft body 21 to the distal side. When the expandable portion 60 becomes the first expanded state by expanding by the self elastic force from a deflated state by being housed in the sheath 100, the expandable portion 60 moves by a first distance L1 in the axial direction, and outwardly expands. In the first state, a second distance L2 between the distal side stopper 23 and the slide portion 50 is shorter than the first distance L1.

[0035] Next, as illustrated in Fig. 1, the driving unit 90 is interlocked with the operation unit 80. Next, when the drive source 91 is operated, the shaft portion 20 rotates, and the fixing portion 40 and the guide convex portion 22 fixed to the shaft portion 20 rotate. Accordingly, the expandable portion 60 rotates by receiving the rotation force from the fixing portion 40, and the slide portion 50 interlocked with the guide convex portion 22. Subsequently, when the expandable portion 60 is reciprocated in the axial direction in the blood vessel, the expandable portion 60 comes into contact with the thrombus B, and breaks the thrombus B. The expandable portion 60 repeats the rotation and the stop of rotation. Accordingly, the expandable portion 60 repeats the operation of cutting into the thrombus B at the stop of rotation, and scraping the thrombus B off by the rotation.

[0036] When the breaking force is desired to be increased, the operation handle 83 is moved to the distal side. Accordingly, the outer tube 30 interlocked with the operation handle 83 moves to the distal side. Accordingly, as illustrated in Fig. 4, the press-side engagement portion 32 is attached with the first movement-side engagement portion 72, and causes the first movement-side engagement portion 72 to move to the distal side. Accordingly, the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 move to the distal side relative to the shaft portion 20. When the slide portion 50 moves to the distal side, a distance between the fixing portion 40 and the slide portion 50 becomes short. Accordingly, the expandable portion 60 outwardly expands in the radial direction, thereby expanding larger than the first expanded state. Accordingly, as in black arrows in Fig. 4, a site having already been in contact with the thrombus B in the first expanded state comes into stronger contact with the thrombus B. Moreover, as in white arrows in Fig. 4, a part of a site having been not in contact with the thrombus B outwardly expands in the radial direction and comes into contact with the thrombus B. Therefore, the breaking force of the expandable portion 60 is increased. The operator can arbitrarily change the breaking force of the expandable portion 60 by adjusting the movement amount of the operation handle 83. Note that, when the operation handle 83 is moved to the distal side, the slide portion 50 moves closer to the distal side stopper 23. When the slide portion 50 comes into contact with the distal side stopper 23, further movement thereof is restricted. Accordingly, for safety, further expandable of the expandable portion 60 is restricted. The slide portion 50 can move to the distal side from the self expanded first state, within a range of the second distance L2.

[0037] Moreover, when the breaking force is desired to be increased, the operation handle 83 may be moved to the proximal side. Accordingly, the outer tube 30 interlocked with the operation handle 83 moves to the proximal side. Accordingly, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the press-side engagement portion 32 is attached with the second movement-side engagement portion 73, and causes the second movement-side engagement portion 73 to move to the distal side. Therefore, the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 move to the proximal side relative to the shaft portion 20. When the slide portion 50 moves to the proximal side, a force toward the proximal side acts on the fixing portion 40. Accordingly, the shaft body 21 having flexibility is curved in an inner side of the expandable portion 60. When the shaft body 21 rotates in this state, the distal end of the curved shaft body 21 swings around, the expandable portion 60 rotates about the swing-around shaft body 21. Therefore, an influence range of the expandable portion 60 increases. Accordingly, the breaking force of the expandable portion 60 increases. The operator can arbitrarily change the breaking force of the expandable portion 60 by adjusting the movement amount of the operation handle 83.

[0038] After the thrombus B has been broken by the expandable portion 60, the drive source 91 is stopped to stop the rotation of the shaft portion 20. Next, the expandable portion 60 is housed in the sheath 100. Next, the medical device 10 is extracted from the blood vessel, and the procedure using the medical device 10 is completed. The broken thrombus B is sucked and removed by, for example, the sheath 100 or another device.

[0039] As in the foregoing, the medical device 10 according to the present embodiment is the medical device 10 for destroying the thrombus B (object) in the blood vessel (body lumen), and includes: the elongated shaft portion 20 that is rotationally driven; the expandable portion 60 that is provided to the distal portion of the shaft portion 20; the fixing portion 40 to which the distal end of the expandable portion 60 and the shaft portion 20 are fixed; the slide portion 50 that is fixed to the proximal end of the expandable portion 60, and is interlocked with the shaft portion 20 slidably in the axial direction; and the outer tube 30 that houses therein the shaft portion 20, and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion 20, in which the slide portion 50 is movable by being indirectly pressed by the outer tube 30, and the slide portion 50 is relatively rotatable relative to the outer tube 30. Note that, the outer tube 30 may be movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion 20, and also rotatable.

[0040] In the medical device 10 configured as the above, the slide portion 50 can be moved to the distal side or the proximal side by causing the outer tube 30 to move in the axial direction. The slide portion 50 moves to the distal side or the proximal side to deform the expandable portion 60 that is positioned between the fixing portion 40 and the slide portion 50. Therefore, in the medical device 10, during when the rotating expandable portion 60 breaks the thrombus B (object), it is possible to arbitrarily adjust the breaking force of the expandable portion 60. In addition, the slide portion 50 relatively rotates relative to the outer tube 30. Therefore, in the medical device 10, it is possible to make it difficult to transmit the rotation force from the rotating slide portion 50 to the outer tube 30, which results in an easy operation by the operator.

[0041] Moreover, the medical device 10 includes the interlock portion 70 that is fixed to the slide portion 50 and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion 20, the outer tube 30 includes the press-side engagement portion 32 that protrudes in the radial direction, the interlock portion 70 includes the movement-side engagement portion 71 that protrudes in the radial direction on at least one of the distal side and proximal side of the press-side engagement portion 32, and the interlock portion 70 is moved because the press-side engagement portion 32 is attached with the movement-side engagement portion 71 by the outer tube 30, and causes the slide portion 50 to move. Accordingly, in the medical device 10, it is possible to indirectly press the slide portion 50 via the interlock portion 70 by the outer tube 30. Therefore, by disposing the interlock portion 70 having a structure desired to cause the slide portion 50 to move, it is possible to effectively cause the slide portion 50 to move. Note that, the interlock portion 70 may be movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion 20, and also rotatable. Moreover, the interlock portion 70 is fixed to the slide portion 50, and does not need to be completely fixed thereto. For example, the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 may be fixed to each other to the extent that the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 mutually constrain the movement and can integrally move.

[0042] Moreover, the interlock portion 70 is connected to the slide portion 50 and is independent of the outer tube 30, and thus is relatively rotatable relative to the outer tube 30. Accordingly, the outer tube 30 is not connected to but is independent of the rotating interlock portion 70 and the rotating expandable portion, and thus suppresses the rotation of the handle that is connected to the proximal portion of the outer tube 30. Therefore, the medical device 10 can improve the usability.

[0043] Moreover, the slide portion 50 is disposed to be in contact with the guide convex portion 22 that restricts the rotation of the slide portion 50, and transmits the rotation force to the slide portion 50. Accordingly, the slide portion 50 receives the rotation force from the guide convex portion 22, and rotates together with the guide convex portion 22. Therefore, the slide portion 50 can receive a torsion force that is generated due to friction or the like between the outer tube 30 and the interlock portion 70. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the expandable portion 60 to which the slide portion 50 is fixed from twisting, and maintain the expandable portion 60 in a suitable state.

[0044]  Moreover, the movement-side engagement portion 71 includes the first movement-side engagement portion 72 that protrudes in the radial direction on the distal side of the press-side engagement portion 32, and the outer tube 30 moves to the distal side relative to the shaft portion 20 to cause the press-side engagement portion 32 to be attached with the first movement-side engagement portion 72. Accordingly, by causing the outer tube 30 to move to the distal side, it is possible to press the first movement-side engagement portion 72 by the press-side engagement portion 32, and to cause the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 to move to the distal side. The slide portion 50 moves to the distal side, so that the expandable portion 60 that is positioned between the fixing portion 40 and the slide portion 50 bends outward in the radial direction and outwardly expands. Therefore, the medical device 10 can arbitrarily adjust the diameter of the rotating expandable portion 60 for destroying the object in a rotation state.

[0045] Moreover, the movement-side engagement portion 71 includes the second movement-side engagement portion 73 that protrudes in the radial direction on the proximal side of the press-side engagement portion 32, and the outer tube 30 moves to the proximal side relative to the shaft portion 20 to cause the press-side engagement portion 32 to be attached with the second movement-side engagement portion 73. Accordingly, by causing the outer tube 30 to move to the proximal side, it is possible to press the second movement-side engagement portion 73 by the press-side engagement portion 32, and to cause the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 to move to the proximal side. The slide portion 50 moves to the proximal side to act a force toward the proximal side on the distal portion of the shaft portion 20 via the fixing portion 40. Accordingly, it is possible to bend the shaft portion 20. Therefore, the bent shaft portion 20 is rotated to cause the distal portion of the shaft portion 20 to swing around. Accordingly, the expandable portion 60 that is rotationally driven by the swinging-around shaft portion 20 can expand a range in which a breaking effect acts.

[0046] Moreover, the expandable portion 60 becomes a first expanded state in a natural state where no external force acts, and outwardly expands in the radial direction more than in the first expanded state by the movement-side engagement portion 71 moving to the distal side relative to the shaft portion 20. Accordingly, the object can be broken by the expandable portion 60 in the first expanded state, and can be effectively broken by the expandable portion 60 having a larger diameter resulting from the further expandable.

[0047]  Moreover, the press-side engagement portion 32 is capable of separating from the first movement-side engagement portion 72. Accordingly, only in a case where the expandable portion 60 is expanded, it is possible to make the press-side engagement portion 32 closer to the first movement-side engagement portion 72, to press the first movement-side engagement portion 72 by the press-side engagement portion 32. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the expandable portion 60 from unintentionally expanding, so that the safety is improved. Moreover, the press-side engagement portion 32 is capable of separating from the second movement-side engagement portion 73. Accordingly, only in a case where a range to be covered by the breaking effect of the expandable portion 60 is desired to be increased, it is possible to make the press-side engagement portion 32 closer to the second movement-side engagement portion 73, and press the second movement-side engagement portion 73 by the press-side engagement portion 32. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the range to be covered by the breaking effect of the expandable portion 60 from unintentionally expanding, so that the safety is improved.

[0048] Moreover, surfaces of the press-side engagement portion 32 and the first movement-side engagement portion 72 to be attached with each other are vertical to the central axis of the shaft portion 20. Therefore, it is possible to press the first movement-side engagement portion 72 that rotates by the press-side engagement portion 32 that does not rotate, without hindering the rotation. Moreover, surfaces of the press-side engagement portion 32 and the second movement-side engagement portion 73 to be attached with each other are vertical to the central axis of the shaft portion 20. Therefore, it is possible to press second movement-side engagement portion 73 that rotates by the press-side engagement portion 32 that does not rotate, without hindering the rotation.

[0049] Moreover, the interlock portion 70 includes the first receiving portion 74 formed with an inner peripheral surface that slides with an outer peripheral surface of the shaft portion 20, and the second receiving portion 75 formed with an inner peripheral surface that slides with an outer peripheral surface of the outer tube 30. Accordingly, the interlock portion 70 is disposed accurately and coaxially with the shaft portion 20 and the outer tube 30. Accordingly, the first movement-side engagement portion 72 and the second movement-side engagement portion 73 are attached with the press-side engagement portion 32 at suitable positions. Accordingly, it is possible to smoothly and effectively move the first movement-side engagement portion 72 and/or the second movement-side engagement portion 73, by the press-side engagement portion 32.

[0050] Moreover, the medical device 10 according to the present embodiment is the medical device 10 for destroying the thrombus B (object) in a blood vessel (body lumen), and includes: the elongated shaft portion 20 that is rotationally driven; the expandable portion 60, including the wire rods 61 having shape memory characteristics, that is provided to the distal portion of the shaft portion 20, and outwardly expands by a self elastic force from a deflated state by moving in the axial direction by the first distance L1; the fixing portion 40 that fixes the distal end of the expandable portion 60 and the shaft portion 20; the slide portion 50 that is fixed to the proximal end of the expandable portion 60, and is interlocked with the shaft portion 20 slidably in the axial direction; the distal side stopper 23 and the proximal side stopper 24 that are provided to the shaft portion 20, and restrict the movement of the slide portion 50; and the outer tube 30 that is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion 20, and causes the slide portion 50 to move, in which a distance between the distal side stopper 23 and the proximal side stopper 24 is longer than the first distance L1, and an expanded diameter of the expandable portion 60 becomes, by causing the outer tube 30 to move such that the second distance L2 between the slide portion 50 and the distal side stopper 23 in a state where the expandable portion 60 has expanded by the self elastic force, larger than the expanded diameter in the expanded state by the self elastic force.

[0051] The medical device 10 configured as the above can restrict the expandable of the expandable portion 60 by restricting the movement of the slide portion 50 by the distal side stopper 23. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the expandable portion 60 from expanding beyond the assumption, and reduce a burden of a target body lumen. Meanwhile, for example, there is a case where the expandable portion 60 cannot expand to an assumed expanded diameter by only the self elastic force because an object such as a thrombus in the target body lumen is hard. In this case, the operator can enlarge the expanded diameter of the expandable portion 60 by manually operating the medical device 10. In other words, the operator causes the outer tube 30 to move to cause the slide portion 50 to move, and thus can obtain the expanded diameter larger than the assumed expanded diameter in the natural state. Accordingly, the operator can arbitrarily increase the breaking force of the expandable portion 60. Note that, even in a case where the operation is made so as to make the expanded diameter of the expandable portion 60 large, when the expandable portion 60 is in contact with an object to be broken in the body lumen, there is a possibility that the expanded diameter in appearance does not become large. However, even in such a case, the expandable portion 60 has an expanded diameter in a state where no force is received from an object to be cut larger than the assumed expanded diameter in the natural state.

[0052] Moreover, the first distance L1 is longer than the second distance L2. Accordingly, the degree of expandable of the expandable portion 60 that self-outwardly expands by the first distance L1 is larger than the degree of expandable of the expandable portion 60 that further outwardly expands by the second distance L2. Therefore, the expandable portion 60 that has self-expanded by the first distance L1 can be mainly used. Further, the expandable portion 60 that has further expanded within the range of the second distance L2 to improve the breaking force can be used for additional breaking. At this time, the second distance L2 for additionally increasing the breaking force is made to be shorter than the first distance L1 for causing the expandable portion 60 to self-outwardly expandso that the safety of the medical device 10 is improved.

[0053] Moreover, the medical device 10 further includes the interlock portion 70 that rotatably houses therein the shaft portion 20, and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion 20, in which the outer tube 30 includes the press-side engagement portion 32 that protrudes in the radial direction, the interlock portion 70 includes the movement-side engagement portion 71 that protrudes in the radial direction on at least one of the distal side or the proximal side of the press-side engagement portion 32, and the outer tube 30 moves to attach the press-side engagement portion 32 with the movement-side engagement portion 71 to cause the interlock portion 70 to move, so that the slide portion 50 moves.

[0054] In the medical device 10 configured as the above, the outer tube 30 is moved in the axial direction to cause the press-side engagement portion 32 to press the movement-side engagement portion 71, so that it is possible to cause the interlock portion 70 and the slide portion 50 to move to the distal side or the proximal side. The slide portion 50 moves to the distal side or the proximal side to deform the expandable portion 60 that is positioned between the fixing portion 40 and the slide portion 50. Therefore, in the medical device, during when the rotating expandable portion 60 breaks the object, it is possible to arbitrarily adjust the breaking force of the expandable portion 60.

[0055]  Note that, this disclosure is not limited to the above-described embodiment, but various changes by those skilled in the art can be made within the technical scope of this disclosure. For example, the body lumen into which the medical device 10 is inserted is not limited to the blood vessel, but may be the vessel, the ureter, the bilary duct, the oviduct, or the hepatic duct, for example. Accordingly, an object to be destroyed does not need to be the thrombus B.

[0056] Moreover, in the abovementioned embodiment, because the shaft body 21 is flexible, by moving the operation handle 83 to the proximal side, the shaft body 21 is bent, so that it is possible to increase the range covered by the breaking force (see Fig. 5) . However, it is also possible to make the shaft body 21 difficult to bend, by setting the flexural rigidity of the shaft body 21 that is positioned in the inner side of the expandable portion 60 harder. In this case, by causing the operation handle 83 to move to the proximal side, the slide portion 50 is separated from the fixing portion 40, and the diameter of the expandable portion 60 is reduced. Therefore, it is possible to arbitrarily decrease the breaking force of the expandable portion 60 by adjusting the movement amount of the operation handle 83. Accordingly, the medical device 10 may only include the second movement-side engagement portion 73, without including the first movement-side engagement portion 72.

[0057] Moreover, the wire rods 61 included in the expandable portion 60 do not need to be spiral-shaped, but may be linear in the axial direction in a circumferential development view, for example.

[0058] Moreover, either one of the press-side engagement portion 32 and the first movement-side engagement portion 72 that are attached with each other does not need to be provided on the entire circumference at over 360 degrees. The press-side engagement portion 32 and the first movement-side engagement portion 72 can be attached with each other while allowing the relative rotation, even when one of the press-side engagement portion 32 and the first movement-side engagement portion 72 is partially provided in the circumferential direction. Similarly, either one of the press-side engagement portion 32 and the second movement-side engagement portion 73 that are attached with each other does not need to be provided on the entire circumference at over 360 degrees. Moreover, although in the present embodiment, the press-side engagement portion 32 protrudes outward in the radial direction, and the first movement-side engagement portion 72 and the second movement-side engagement portion 73 protrude inward in the radial direction, the reverse configuration may be employed.

[0059] Moreover, as in a modification example illustrated in Fig. 6, the medical device does not need to include an interlock portion that is fixed to the slide portion 50. In this case, the outer tube 30 moves to the distal side, so that the outer tube 30 directly presses the slide portion 50 to move the slide portion 50. The slide portion 50 is relatively rotatable with the outer tube 30 while receiving a force from the outer tube 30.

[0060] Note that, the application is based upon and claims the benefit of priority of the prior Japanese Patent Application No. 2018-064010, filed on March 29, 2018, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

Reference Signs List



[0061] 
10
medical device
20
shaft portion
23
distal side stopper
24
proximal side stopper
30
outer tube
32
press-side engagement portion
40
fixing portion
50
slide portion
60
expandable portion
61
wire rod
70
interlock portion
71
movement-side engagement portion
72
first movement-side engagement portion
73
second movement-side engagement portion
74
first receiving portion
75
second receiving portion
B
thrombus (object)
L1
first distance
L2
second distance



Claims

1. medical device for destroying an object in a body lumen, the medical device comprising:

an elongated shaft portion that is rotationally driven;

an expandable portion that is provided to a distal portion of the shaft portion;

a fixing portion to which a distal end of the expandable portion and the shaft portion are fixed;

a slide portion that is fixed to a proximal end of the expandable portion, and is slidably interlocked with the shaft portion in an axial direction; and

an outer tube that houses therein the shaft portion, and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion, wherein

the slide portion is movable by being directly or indirectly pressed by the outer tube, and

the slide portion is relatively rotatable relative to the outer tube.


 
2. The medical device according to Claim 1, further comprising an interlock portion that is fixed to the slide portion, and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion, wherein
the outer tube includes a press-side engagement portion that protrudes in a radial direction,
the interlock portion includes a movement-side engagement portion that protrudes in the radial direction on at least one of a distal side and a proximal side of the press-side engagement portion, and
the interlock portion is moved because the press-side engagement portion is attached with the movement-side engagement portion by the outer tube, and causes the slide portion to move.
 
3. The medical device according to Claim 2, wherein the movement-side engagement portion includes a first movement-side engagement portion that protrudes in the radial direction on the distal side of the press-side engagement portion, and the outer tube moves to the distal side relative to the shaft portion to cause the press-side engagement portion to be attached with the first movement-side engagement portion.
 
4. The medical device according to Claim 2 or 3, wherein the movement-side engagement portion includes a second movement-side engagement portion that protrudes in the radial direction on the proximal side of the press-side engagement portion, and the outer tube moves to the proximal side relative to the shaft portion to cause the press-side engagement portion to be attached with the second movement-side engagement portion.
 
5. The medical device according to any one of Claims 2 to 4, wherein the expandable portion becomes a first expanded state in a natural state where no external force acts, and outwardly expands in the radial direction more than in the first expanded state by the movement-side engagement portion moving to the distal side relative to the shaft portion.
 
6. The medical device according to any one of Claims 2 to 5, wherein the press-side engagement portion is capable of separating from the movement-side engagement portion.
 
7. The medical device according to any one of Claims 2 to 6, wherein surfaces of the press-side engagement portion and the movement-side engagement portion to be attached with each other are vertical to an central axis of the shaft portion.
 
8. The medical device according to any one of Claims 2 to 7, wherein the interlock portion includes a first receiving portion formed with an inner peripheral surface that slides with an outer peripheral surface of the shaft portion, and a second receiving portion formed with an inner peripheral surface that slides with an outer peripheral surface of the outer tube.
 
9. The medical device according to any one of Claims 1 to 8, wherein the slide portion is disposed to be in contact with a guide convex portion that restricts rotation of the slide portion and transmits a rotation force to the slide portion.
 
10. A medical device for destroying an object in a body lumen, the medical device comprising:

an elongated shaft portion that is rotationally driven;

an expandable portion, including wire rods having shape memory characteristics, that is provided to the distal portion of the shaft portion, and outwardly expands by a self elastic force from a deflated state by moving by a first distance in the axial direction;

a fixing portion that fixes a distal end of the expandable portion and the shaft portion;

a slide portion that is fixed to a proximal end of the expandable portion, and is slidably interlocked with the shaft portion in an axial direction; and

a distal side stopper and a proximal side stopper that are provided to the shaft portion, and restrict movement of the slide portion; and

an outer tube that is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion, and causes the slide portion to move, wherein

a distance between the distal side stopper and the proximal side stopper is longer than the first distance, and

an expanded diameter of the expandable portion becomes, by causing the outer tube to move such that a second distance between the slide portion and the distal side stopper in a state where the expandable portion has expanded by the self elastic force, larger than the expanded diameter in the expanded state by the self elastic force.


 
11. The medical device according to Claim 10, wherein the first distance is longer than the second distance.
 
12. The medical device according to Claim 10 or 11, further comprising an interlock portion that rotatably houses therein the shaft portion, and is movable in the axial direction along the shaft portion, wherein
the outer tube includes a press-side engagement portion that protrudes in a radial direction,
the interlock portion includes a movement-side engagement portion that protrudes in the radial direction on at least one of a distal side and a proximal side of the press-side engagement portion, and
the outer tube moves to attach the press-side engagement portion with the movement-side engagement portion to cause the interlock portion to move, so that the slide portion moves.
 
13. The medical device according to any one of Claims 10 to 12, wherein the interlock portion is connected to the slide portion and is independent of the outer tube, and is relatively rotatable relative to the outer tube.
 




Drawing

























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description