(19)
(11)EP 3 777 811 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(21)Application number: 18914863.8

(22)Date of filing:  28.04.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61H 3/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/084981
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/196141 (17.10.2019 Gazette  2019/42)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 10.04.2018 CN 201810317644

(71)Applicant: Guangzhou Zubu Medical Technology Co., Ltd.
Huangpu District Guangzhou Guangdong 510000 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • FAN, Yifei
    Guangzhou, Guangdong 510000 (CN)

(74)Representative: de Arpe Fernandez, Manuel 
Arpe Patentes y Marcas, S.L.P. C/Proción, 7 Edif. América II Portal 2, 1° C
28023 Madrid-Aravaca
28023 Madrid-Aravaca (ES)

  


(54)WALKING ASSISTANT ROBOT


(57) A walking assistant robot, comprising a main frame body (1), a foot walking mechanism for alternating walking, an auxiliary device (2) and a control device; the walking mechanism, the auxiliary device (2) and the control device are all disposed on the main frame body (1); the control device is connected with the walking mechanism; the auxiliary device (2) includes auxiliary feet (201), and the auxiliary feet (201) are disposed in front of and/or behind the walking mechanism along the walking direction. The foot walking mechanism is used to realize the basic function of the robot walking forward; auxiliary feet (201) are disposed in the walking direction such that the walking mechanism still has, at the moment of foot alternation, multiple supporting points in contact with the ground. Therefore, the mechanism is slip-and-fall-resistant, stable and reliable and guarantees the user safety.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to the field of assistive walking device technologies, in particular to a walking assistant robot.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Traditional walking assistant devices are mainly a wheeled walker. The wheeled walker is greatly affected by a terrain and cannot cross ladders. Moreover, the wheeled walker is prone to slipping when going upwards and downwards, causing a non-negligible safety hazard.

[0003] There are also examples researching on foot-type walkers in the current market, mainly for anthropomorphic foot-walking walkers, which applies alternating swings of a front and rear feet to simulate a process of human walking. However, the current foot-type walkers still have safety hazards during the walking process. For example, as the front and rear feet alternate, only the front foot or the rear foot supports the ground. If the user loses balance at this time, there is also a risk of slipping injury. Since users of the walkers are all special people such as the elderly or sick patients, a consequences of slipping or falling may be very serious. Therefore, a stability and reliability of the walker devices are extremely important.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



[0004] In order to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, the present disclosure provides a foot-type walking assistant robot capable of stable walking.

[0005] In order to address the above technical issues, the present disclosure provides a walking assistant robot, including: a main frame, a foot-type walking mechanism configured to alternatively walking, an auxiliary device and a control device. The walking mechanism, the auxiliary device and the control device are all disposed on the main frame. The control device is connected to the walking mechanism. The auxiliary device includes an auxiliary leg disposed in front of and/or behind the walking mechanism along a walking direction.

[0006] In some embodiments, the auxiliary leg is inclined, and a contour formed by the auxiliary leg and the walking mechanism is an A-shaped profile.

[0007] In some embodiments, the auxiliary leg has a substantially L-shaped structure, and a contour formed by the auxiliary leg and the walking mechanism is a gate-shaped structure.

[0008] In some embodiments, an end of the auxiliary leg is disposed on the main frame, and the other end of the auxiliary leg is arranged with an auxiliary wheel; a bottom of the auxiliary wheel is flush with that of the walking mechanism.

[0009] In some embodiments, the walking mechanism includes support leg sets symmetrically disposed in a left and right direction ; each support leg set includes a first support leg, a second support leg, a transmission structure, and a driving unit; the driving unit is connected to the transmission structure; the first support leg and the second support leg are respectively disposed on both sides of the transmission structure via a rotating shaft.

[0010] In some embodiments, the transmission structure includes a transmission wheel and a limiting shaft eccentrically disposed on the transmission wheel; an end of the first support leg and that of the second support leg are walking ends; the other end of the first support leg and that of the second support leg are defined with a sliding slot, respectively; the limiting shaft is disposed in the sliding slot.

[0011] In some embodiments, each of the first support leg and the second support leg includes an upper support portion and a lower support portion; the upper support portion is disposed on the main frame via the rotating shaft; an end of the upper supporting portion is defined with the sliding slot; the other end of the upper support portion is connected to an end of the lower support portion; the other end of the lower support portion is a walking end; an auxiliary driving unit is disposed at an intersection of the upper support portion and the lower support portion.

[0012] In some embodiments, each of the first support leg and the second support leg includes an upper support portion and a lower support portion; the upper support portion is disposed on the main frame via the rotating shaft; an end of the upper supporting portion is defined with the sliding slot; the other end of the upper support portion is connected to an end of the lower support portion; the other end of the lower support portion is a walking end; a connecting rod is arranged between the upper support portion and the lower support portion.

[0013] In some embodiments, the main frame further includes a detachable handle.

[0014] In some embodiments, the handle is selected from a group including of an ordinary handle, a hand handle, an elbow handle and an axillary handle.The walking assistant robot based on the above technical features realizes a basic function of walking forward via the foot-type walking mechanism. In the walking direction, the auxiliary leg is arranged such that at the moment of the walking mechanism changing foots, a plurality of supporting points in contact with the ground exist. In this way, a function of anti-slipping may be achieved, which is stable and reliable, thereby ensuring the safety of users.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0015] To further illustrate technical solutions of embodiments of the present disclosure, drawings needed for description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced. Obviously, the following drawings are only some embodiments of the present disclosure. To any one of skill in the art, other drawings may be obtained without any creative work based on the following drawings.

FIG. 1 is a perspective schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a side schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 3 is a perspective schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 4 is a side schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 5 is a perspective schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to a third embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 6 is a perspective schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to a fourth embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 7 is a perspective schematic view of a walking assistant robot according to a fifth embodiment of the present disclosure.



[0016] In the above drawings, a relationship between numerals and structural elements may be represented as followed.

[0017] 1. Main frame; 2. Auxiliary device; 201. Auxiliary leg; 202. Auxiliary wheel; 3. First support leg; 301. Upper support portion; 302. Lower support portion; 303. Sliding slot; 304. Auxiliary driving unit; 305. Connecting rod; 4. Second support leg; 5. Rotating shaft; 6. Transmission structure; 601. Transmission wheel; 602. Limiting shaft; 7. Ordinary handle; 8. Hand handle; 9. Elbow handle; 10. Axillary handle.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0018] The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present disclosure are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present disclosure, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present disclosure without creative efforts are within the scope of the present disclosure.

[0019] In the present disclosure, the terms of "contact", "connect", "fix" and the like shall be understood broadly. Unless explicitly defined, they may refer to, for example, a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral. They may also refer to a mechanical connection or an electrical connection. They may also refer to a direct connection or an indirect connection through an intermediate medium. They may also refer to an internal connection of two elements or an interaction relationship of two elements. For those skilled in the art, the specific meanings of the above terms in the present disclosure shall be understood on specific application scenarios.

[0020] Further, in the description of the present disclosure, it is to be noted that the terms of "first", "second", and the like are applied for descriptive purposes only, and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.

[0021] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 2, in a preferred first embodiment, the present disclosure provides a walking assistant robot including a main frame 1, a foot-type walking mechanism for alternate walking, an auxiliary device 2, and a control device. The walking mechanism, the auxiliary device 2, and the control device are all disposed on the main frame 1. The control device is connected to the walking mechanism. The auxiliary device 2 includes an auxiliary leg 201 disposed in front of and/or behind the walking mechanism along a walking direction.

[0022] The walking assistant robot based on the above technical features realizes a basic function of walking forward via the foot-type walking mechanism. In a walking process of the walking mechanism, the walking mechanism is required to control the front and rear legs to alternately swing, for achieving the function of walking forward. In the walking direction, the auxiliary leg 201 is arranged such that at the moment of the walking mechanism changing foots, a plurality of supporting points in contact with the ground exist. In this way, a function of anti-slipping may be achieved, which is stable and reliable, thereby ensuring the safety of users.

[0023] Further, the auxiliary leg 201 is disposed obliquely. A contour formed by the auxiliary leg 201 and the walking mechanism may be an A-shaped profile. The auxiliary leg 201 may have a rod shape. In this way, the auxiliary leg 201 and the walking mechanism may ensure that at least four support points are in contact with the ground during the walking process, thereby maintaining balance and achieving the function of stabilizing the walking assistant robot.

[0024] Further, an end of the auxiliary leg 201 is disposed on the main frame 1, and the other end of the auxiliary leg 201 is arranged with an auxiliary wheel 202. A bottom of the auxiliary wheel 202 is flush with that of the walking mechanism. The auxiliary leg 201 and the ground may form a certain friction, affecting the walking assistant robot to walk forward to a certain extent. A friction between the auxiliary wheel 202 and the ground may transform to a rotation of the wheel, such that the walking assistant robot may smoothly walking forward. The auxiliary wheel 202 enables the walking assistant robot to have advantages of a wheeled walker and a foot-type walker at the same time. That is, the walking assistant robot according to the embodiments of the present disclosure is stable when walking, less limited by the terrain, thereby enlarging a range of application of the walking assistant robot.

[0025] As shown in FIG. 2, the walking mechanism includes support leg sets symmetrically disposed. Each of the support leg sets includes a first support leg 3, a second support leg 4, a transmission structure 6, and a driving unit (not shown). The driving unit (not shown) is connected to the transmission structure 6. The first support leg 3 and the second support leg 4 are respectively disposed on both sides of the transmission structure 6 via a rotating shaft 5. The first support leg 3 and the second support leg 4 are symmetrically disposed in front and rear, such that the transmission structure 6 drives the first support leg 3 and the second support leg 4 to swing in opposite directions. In this way, a function of the first support leg 3 and the second support leg 4 being alternately swinging is achieved. It can be understood that the first support leg 3 may be a front leg or a rear leg, and the second support leg 4 may also be may be a front leg or a rear leg, which is not limited herein.

[0026] Further, the first support leg 3 includes an upper support portion 301 and a lower support portion 302. The transmission structure 6 includes a transmission wheel 601 and a limiting shaft 602 eccentrically disposed on the transmission wheel 601. The upper support portion 301 is disposed on the main frame 1 via the rotating shaft 5. An end of the upper supporting portion 301 is defined with a sliding slot 303. The limiting shaft 602 is disposed in the sliding slot 303. The other end of the upper support portion 301 is connected to an end of the lower support portion 302. The other end of the lower support portion 302 is a walking end. An auxiliary driving unit 304 is disposed at an intersection of the upper support portion 301 and the lower support portion 302. It can be understood that the second support leg 4 has the same structure as the first support leg 3. The limiting shaft 602 on the first support leg 3 and the limiting shaft 602 of the second support leg 4 are symmetrically disposed on both sides of the transmission wheel 601. The driving unit (not shown) is connected to the driving wheel 601 to drive the upper support portion 301 to swing. The auxiliary driving unit 304 simultaneously controls the lower support portion 302 to walk. A knee joint may be formed by the upper support structure 301 and the lower support portion 302, such that a simulated swinging of human front and rear legs may be achieved with a high maneuverability and a good performance of crossing barriers and ladders.

[0027] Further, the main frame 1 further includes a detachable handle. The users can install different handles according to needs. As shown in FIG. 2, the handle is a common handle 7.

[0028] In a second embodiment, the present embodiment has same features as the first embodiment except for the following features.

[0029] As shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 4, the first support leg includes an upper support portion 301 and a lower support portion 302. The transmission structure 6 includes a transmission wheel 601 and a limiting shaft 602 eccentrically disposed on the transmission wheel 601. The upper support portion 301 is disposed on the main frame 1 via the rotating shaft 5. An end of the upper support portion 301 is arranged with a sliding slot 303. The limiting shaft 602 is disposed in the sliding slot 303. The other end of the upper support portion 301 is connected to an end of the lower support portion 302. The other end of the lower support portion 302 is a walking end. A connecting rod 305 is arranged between the upper support portion 301 and the lower support portion 302. It can be understood that the second support leg 4 has the same structure as the first support leg 3. The limiting shaft 602 on the first support leg 3 and the limiting shaft 602 of the second support leg 4 are symmetrically disposed on both sides of the transmission wheel 601. The driving unit (not shown) is connected to the driving wheel 601 to drive the upper support portion 301 to swing. As the upper support portion 301 swings, the lower support portion 302 is driven simultaneously to walk by the connecting rod 305. A cooperation of the upper support portion 301 and the lower support portion 302 is more coherent. An autonomy is stronger. A knee joint may be formed by the upper support structure 301 and the lower support portion 302, such that a simulated swinging of human front and rear legs may be achieved with a high maneuverability and a good performance of crossing barriers and ladders. Moreover, a secondary design of control programs is reduced, and a design cost is thus saved.

[0030] In a third embodiment, the present embodiment has the same features as the first embodiment except for the following features.

[0031] As shown in FIG. 5, the auxiliary leg 201 has a substantially L-shape. A contour formed by the auxiliary leg 201 and the walking mechanism may be a gate-shaped structure. The auxiliary leg 201 may have a rod shape. In this way, the auxiliary leg 201 and the walking mechanism may ensure that at least four support points are in contact with the ground during the walking process, thereby maintaining balance and achieving the function of stabilizing the walking assistant robot.

[0032] Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the handle is a hand handle 8. The users can install different handles according to needs.

[0033] In a fourth embodiment, the present embodiment has the same features as the first embodiment except for the following features.

[0034] As shown in FIG. 6, the handle is an elbow handle 9. The users can install different handles according to needs.

[0035] In a fifth embodiment, the present embodiment has the same features as the first embodiment except for the following features.

[0036] As shown in FIG. 7, the handle is an axillary handle 10. The users can install different handles according to needs.

[0037] It can be understood that a shape of the auxiliary leg 201, types of the auxiliary wheel 202 and the handle may be arranged on the foot-type walking mechanism in various combinations, which the present disclosure has no particular limitation thereon. The structural designs are all within the scope of the present disclosure and will not be described herein.

[0038] In summary, the walking assistant robot described in the embodiments of the present disclosure is applied with a structure formed by the auxiliary leg 201 or the auxiliary wheel 202, such that the walking assistant robot has a plurality of supporting points in contact with the ground during the alternate walking process. In this way, a danger of slipping may be avoided or limited, a walking range is enlarged, a limitation of terrains is reduced, and a stability and balance is ensured achieving a safety performance.

[0039] It should be noted that the above description is for the purpose of illustrating implementations of the present disclosure, but not to limit the scope of the present disclosure. Any equivalent structural or process transformation performed based on the drawings and the specification of the present disclosure, applied directly and indirectly in other related art, should be within the scope of the present disclosure.


Claims

1. A walking assistant robot, characterized by comprising: a main frame, a foot-type walking mechanism configured to alternatively walking, an auxiliary device and a control device; wherein the walking mechanism, the auxiliary device and the control device are all disposed on the main frame; the control device is connected to the walking mechanism; the auxiliary device comprises an auxiliary leg disposed in front of and/or behind the walking mechanism along a walking direction.
 
2. The walking assistant robot according to claim 1, wherein the auxiliary leg is inclined, a contour formed by the auxiliary leg and the walking mechanism is an A-shaped profile.
 
3. The walking assistant robot according to claim 1, wherein the auxiliary leg has a substantially L-shaped structure, a contour formed by the auxiliary leg and the walking mechanism is a gate-shaped structure.
 
4. The walking assistant robot according to any one of claims 2-3, wherein an end of the auxiliary leg is disposed on the main frame, the other end of the auxiliary leg is arranged with an auxiliary wheel; a bottom of the auxiliary wheel is flush with that of the walking mechanism.
 
5. The walking assistant robot according to claim 1, wherein the walking mechanism comprises support leg sets symmetrically disposed in a left and right direction; each support leg set comprises a first support leg, a second support leg, a transmission structure, and a driving unit; the driving unit is connected to the transmission structure; the first support leg and the second support leg are respectively disposed on both sides of the transmission structure via a rotating shaft.
 
6. The walking assistant robot according to claim 5, wherein the transmission structure comprises a transmission wheel and a limiting shaft eccentrically disposed on the transmission wheel; an end of the first support leg and that of the second support leg are walking ends; each of the other end of the first support leg and that of the second support leg defines a sliding slot; the limiting shaft is disposed in the sliding slot.
 
7. The walking assistant robot according to claim 6, wherein each of the first support leg and the second support leg comprises an upper support portion and a lower support portion; the upper support portion is disposed on the main frame via the rotating shaft; an end of the upper support portion defines the sliding slot; the other end of the upper support portion is connected to an end of the lower support portion; the other end of the lower support portion is a walking end; an auxiliary driving unit is disposed at an intersection of the upper support portion and the lower support portion.
 
8. The walking assistant robot according to claim 6, wherein each of the first support leg and the second support leg comprises an upper support portion and a lower support portion; the upper support portion is disposed on the main frame via the rotating shaft; an end of the upper supporting portion is defined with the sliding slot; the other end of the upper support portion is connected to an end of the lower support portion; the other end of the lower support portion is a walking end; a connecting rod is arranged between the upper support portion and the lower support portion.
 
9. The walking assistant robot according to claim 1, wherein the main frame further comprises a detachable handle.
 
10. The walking assistant robot according to claim 9, wherein the handle is selected from a group comprising an ordinary handle, a hand handle, an elbow handle and an axillary handle.
 




Drawing