(19)
(11)EP 3 780 431 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(21)Application number: 19777935.8

(22)Date of filing:  28.03.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04J 99/00  (2009.01)
H04B 7/0413  (2017.01)
H01Q 21/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2019/013895
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/189705 (03.10.2019 Gazette  2019/40)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 30.03.2018 JP 2018069138

(71)Applicant: NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE CORPORATION
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8116, (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • SASAKI, Hirofumi
    Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8585 (JP)
  • LEE, Doohwan
    Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8585 (JP)
  • FUKUMOTO, Hiroyuki
    Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8585 (JP)
  • SHIBA, Hiroyuki
    Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8585 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)

  


(54)OAM MULTIPLEXED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND INTER-MODE INTERFERENCE CONTROL METHOD


(57) An OAM multiplexing communication system uses one or more OAM modes and multiplexes signals of one or more sequences for each OAM mode. A transmitting station includes a transmitting antenna using an M-UCA, and an OAM mode generation unit that simultaneously generates one or more OAM modes from each UCA. A receiving station includes a receiving antenna equivalent to the M-UCA, an OAM mode separation unit that separates signals received by each UCA for each OAM mode, and a received signal processing unit that estimates channel information for each OAM mode and performs an equalization process for each OAM mode by using a receiving weight calculated from the channel information. The received signal processing unit is configured to estimate, for each OAM mode, channel information of another OAM mode causing interference and calculate the receiving weight of a subject OAM mode by using the channel information of the subject OAM mode and said another OAM mode.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to an OAM multiplexing communication system and an inter-mode interference elimination method that subject a radio signal to spatial multiplex transmission by using orbital angular momentum (OAM) of an electromagnetic wave.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] There is a technique that subjects a radio signal to spatial multiplex transmission by using OAM, as a technique for improving a transmission capacity in wireless communication. An electric wave having an OAM mode has a feature that an equiphase surface thereof is distributed in a spiral form along a rotational direction centering on a propagation axis of a beam. A mode in which a cycle of the spiral formed by the equiphase surface is 2π×a is referred to as an OAM mode a. Since different OAM modes have orthogonality in a rotational direction, it is possible to subject signals of a plurality of OAM modes to spatial multiplex transmission. For example, since a signal of an OAM mode 1 and a signal of an OAM mode 2 are orthogonal to each other on a space, it is possible to separate the signal of the OAM mode 1 and the signal of the OAM mode 2 from each other by an OAM mode separation circuit on a receiving side, even though the signals of those modes are simultaneously transmitted from a transmitting antenna. As a method for subjecting signals of OAM modes to multiplex transmission, Non-Patent Document 1 reports a method that uses a uniform circular array (UCA) in which a plurality of antenna elements are disposed circularly at an equal interval and a Butler matrix circuit.

PRIOR ART DOCUMENT


NON-PATENT DOCUMENT



[0003] Non-Patent Document 1: E. Sasaki, M. Hirabe, T. Maru, N. Zein, "Pragmatic OAM with polarization multiplexing transmission for future 5G ultra-high capacity radio", in proc. of EuMA2016, Oct. 2016.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION


PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



[0004] In the case of the configuration disclosed in Non-Patent Document 1, signals of respective OAM modes can be separated only in a line-of-sight situation where a transmitting UCA and a receiving UCA are disposed at positions facing each other and there is no reflected wave. However, in an actual operation, it is necessary to consider a case where the transmitting UCA and the receiving UCA are provided at fixed positions deviated from the front facing disposition, or an influence of the reflected wave or the like due to a surrounding environment. When a channel matrix between the transmitting UCA and the receiving UCA is deviated from the ideal front facing disposition due to the influence, an interference component between OAM modes remains in an output stage of the OAM mode separation circuit of the receiving side.

[0005] For example, when the receiving side tries to separate a signal of an OAM mode 1, it is possible to extract only a signal component of the OAM mode 1 when the transmitting UCA and the receiving UCA are in a state of the ideal front facing disposition. On the other hand, when the transmitting UCA and the receiving UCA are provided at fixed positions deviated from the ideal front facing disposition, or when the channel matrix is deviated from the ideal one due to the influence of the reflected wave, a propagation path, an RF circuit and the like, an interference component of another mode such as the adjacent OAM mode 2 or OAM mode 0 is superimposed on the signal component of the OAM mode 1 at a circuit output stage and thus communication quality is deteriorated, even though separation of the signal of the OAM mode 1 is tried.

[0006] Here, in a case of a conventional method (full MIMO) that performs precoding and an equalization process with respect to all signal sequences, a circuit scale and an amount of digital signal processing are exponentially increased according to the number of signal sequences, and thus it is difficult to implement.

[0007] An object of the present invention is to provide an OAM multiplexing communication system and an inter-mode interference elimination method that can suppress, with a small circuit scale and a small amount of digital signal processing, inter-mode interference caused by a deviation of an optical axis between a transmitting UCA and a receiving UCA, a tilt, a reflected wave, and the like.

MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



[0008] A first invention is directed to an OAM multiplexing communication system that uses one or more OAM modes and multiplexes signals of one or more sequences for each OAM mode. The OAM multiplexing communication system includes a transmitting station and a receiving station. The transmitting station includes: a transmitting antenna in which a plurality of UCAs having different diameters are concentrically disposed; and an OAM mode generation unit that simultaneously generates the one or more OAM modes from each UCA of the transmitting antenna. The receiving station includes: a receiving antenna that has a configuration equivalent to the M-UCA; an OAM mode separation unit that separates signals received by each UCA of the receiving antenna for each OAM mode; and a received signal processing unit that estimates channel information for each OAM mode separated from the signals received by the each UCA of the receiving antenna, and performs an equalization process for each OAM mode by using a receiving weight calculated from the channel information. The received signal processing unit is configured to estimate, for each OAM mode, channel information of another OAM mode causing interference and calculate the receiving weight of a subject OAM mode by using the channel information of the subject OAM mode and said another OAM mode.

[0009] In the OAM multiplexing communication system of the first invention, the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the receiving weight by the received signal processing unit is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.

[0010] In the OAM multiplexing communication system of the first invention, the receiving station further includes a unit that feeds back the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode calculated by the received signal processing unit to the transmitting station. The transmitting station further includes a transmission signal processing unit that receives the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode fed back from the receiving station, calculates a transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs.

[0011] In the OAM multiplexing communication system of the first invention, the transmitting station further includes a transmission signal processing unit that performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs by using a transmitting weight for each OAM mode. The receiving station further includes a unit that uses the channel information and the receiving weight calculated by the received signal processing unit to calculate the transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and feeds back the transmitting weight to the transmitting station.

[0012] In the OAM multiplexing communication system of the first invention, the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the transmitting weight in the transmission signal processing unit is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.

[0013] A second invention is directed to an inter-mode interference elimination method for an OAM multiplexing communication system that uses one or more OAM modes and multiplexes signals of one or more sequences for each OAM mode. The OAM multiplexing communication system includes a transmitting station and a receiving station. The transmitting station includes: a transmitting antenna that uses an M-UCA in which a plurality of UCAs having different diameters are concentrically disposed; and an OAM mode generation unit that simultaneously generates the one or more OAM modes from each UCA of the transmitting antenna. The receiving station includes: a receiving antenna that has a configuration equivalent to the M-UCA; an OAM mode separation unit that separates signals received by each UCA of the receiving antenna for each OAM mode; and a received signal processing unit that estimates channel information for each OAM mode separated from the signals received by the each UCA of the receiving antenna, and performs an equalization process for each OAM mode by using a receiving weight calculated from the channel information. The inter-mode interference elimination method includes estimating, by the received signal processing unit, for each OAM mode, channel information of another OAM mode causing interference and calculating the receiving weight of a subject OAM mode by using the channel information of the subject OAM mode and said another OAM mode.

[0014] In the inter-mode interference elimination method of the second invention, the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the receiving weight by the received signal processing unit is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.

[0015] In the inter-mode interference elimination method of the second invention, the receiving station feeds back the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode calculated by the received signal processing unit to the transmitting station. The transmitting station receives the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode fed back from the receiving station, calculates a transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs.

[0016] In the inter-mode interference elimination method of the second invention, the transmitting station performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs by using a transmitting weight for each OAM mode. The receiving station uses the channel information and the receiving weight calculated by the received signal processing unit to calculate the transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and feeds back the transmitting weight to the transmitting station.

[0017] In the inter-mode interference elimination method of the second invention, the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the transmitting weight is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.

EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



[0018] According to the present invention, when calculating, for each OAM mode, the receiving weight in consideration of undergoing interference and the transmitting weight in consideration of giving interference, it is possible to reduce the amount of digital signal processing depending on the number of signal sequences to be multiplexed. It is thus possible to compensate for the inter-mode interference with a simple configuration and also to improve a system capacity.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0019] 

FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration example of Embodiment 1 of an OAM multiplexing communication system according to the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a configuration example of an M-UCA of the OAM multiplexing communication system according to the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a configuration example of an OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k.

FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a configuration example of Embodiment 2 of the OAM multiplexing communication system according to the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a configuration example 1 of an OAM mode k transmission signal processing unit 13-k and an OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k.

FIG. 6 is a diagram showing channel information handled by feedback processing units 24 and 14.

FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a configuration example 2 of the OAM mode k transmission signal processing unit 13-k and the OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k.


EMBODIMENTS


(Embodiment 1)



[0020] FIG. 1 shows a configuration example of Embodiment 1 of an OAM multiplexing communication system according to the present invention.

[0021] In FIG. 1, a transmitting station 10 includes a first transmitting UCA 11-1 to an NTX-th transmitting UCA 11-NTX as transmitting antennae. Here, NTX is an integer of 2 or greater. Modulation signals of a plurality of sequences transmitted in OAM modes 1 to L are respectively input to an OAM mode 1 transmission signal processing unit 13-1 to an OAM mode L transmission signal processing unit 13-L. Here, the numerical values 1 to L are indexes. The OAM mode 1 transmission signal processing unit 13-1 generates signals to be transmitted in the OAM mode 1 from the respective transmitting UCAs, and outputs the signals to OAM mode generation units 12-1 to 12-NTX respectively associated with the transmitting UCAs. Similarly, the OAM mode L transmission signal processing unit 13-L generates signals to be transmitted in the OAM mode L from the respective transmitting UCAs, and outputs the signals to the OAM mode generation units 12-1 to 12-NTX respectively associated with the transmitting UCAs. Each of the OAM mode generation units 12-1 to 12-NTX receives the signals to be transmitted in the OAM modes 1 to L, adjusts phases of the signals to be transmitted as signals in the OAM modes 1 to L from each of the transmitting UCAs 11-1 to 11-NTX, and outputs the signals to the antenna elements of each transmitting UCA.

[0022] A receiving station 20 includes a first receiving UCA 21-1 to an NRX-th receiving UCA 21-NRX as receiving antennae. Here, NRX is an integer of 2 or greater. Each of OAM mode separation units 22-1 to 22-NRX separates the signals of the OAM modes 1 to L from the signals received by each receiving UCA, and outputs the signals of the respective OAM modes to an OAM mode 1 received signal processing unit 23-1 to an OAM mode L received signal processing unit 23-L. The OAM mode 1 received signal processing unit 23-1 estimates channel information based on the signals of the OAM mode 1 separated from the signals received by each receiving UCA, performs an equalization process with respect to the signals of the OAM mode 1 by using a receiving weight calculated from the channel information, and outputs the signals of the plurality of sequences transmitted in the OAM mode 1 from each transmitting UCA. Similarly, the OAM mode L received signal processing unit 23-L estimates channel information based on the signals of the OAM mode L separated from the signals received by each receiving UCA, performs an equalization process with respect to the signals, and outputs the signals of the plurality of sequences transmitted in the OAM mode L from each transmitting UCA.

[0023] Here, L is the number of OAM modes in use. If L = 5, for example, signals of the OAM modes -2, -1, 0,1, and 2 are multiplexed and transmitted. Any one the OAM modes is hereinafter referred to as an OAM mode k. Here, k is an index.

[0024] The first transmitting UCA 11-1 to the NTX-th transmitting UCA 11-NTX and the first receiving UCA 21-1 to the NRX receiving UCA 21-NRX constitute a multi-uniform circular array (Multi-UCA) in which a plurality of UCAs are concentrically disposed as shown in FIG. 2. Herein, a configuration in which four UCAs having different rail with each other are disposed is shown. In other words, NTX = NRX = 4, and the UCAs are referred to as a first UCA, a second UCA, a third UCA, and a fourth UCA in this order from the inner UCAs. As an example, each UCA includes sixteen antenna elements indicated by • in FIG.2, but the number of antenna elements of each UCA is not necessarily required to be the same.

[0025] FIG. 3 shows a configuration example of an OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k.

[0026] In FIG. 3, the OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k includes a channel estimation unit 231, a receiving weight calculation unit 232, and a receiving weight multiplication unit 233. NRX signals of the OAM mode k that are respectively received by the first receiving UCA 21-1 to the NRX receiving UCA 21-NRX and are respectively separated by the OAM mode separation units 22-1 to 22-NRX are input to the channel estimation unit 231 and the receiving weight multiplication unit 233. The channel estimation unit 231 uses the input signals to estimate channel information (..., Hk,k-1Vk-1, Hk,kVk, Hk,k+1Vk+1, ...) including a channel matrix H and a transmitting weight V for the received OAM mode k, and outputs the channel information to the receiving weight calculation unit 232. The receiving weight calculation unit 232 calculates a receiving weight Uk for the signals of the OAM mode k based on predetermined channel information, and outputs the receiving weight to the receiving weight multiplication unit 233. The receiving weight multiplication unit 233 performs an equalization process with respect to the NRX signals of the OAM mode k by using the receiving weight Uk, and outputs the signals of the plurality of sequences transmitted in the OAM mode k.

[0027] The channel matrix H between the transmitting OAM mode and the receiving OAM mode is shown in (2) of FIG. 3. Here, an example in a case of the OAM modes -2, -1, 0,1, and 2 is shown. In an ideal situation where the transmitting UCA and the receiving UCA are disposed to completely face each other, signals of the respective OAM modes are orthogonal to each other, and thus only a diagonal block component Hk,k is present. However, in a situation where inter-mode interference occurs due to displacement, incompleteness of an analog circuit, and the like, the channel estimation is performed in further consideration of a non-diagonal block component Hk,k-1 during the equalization process with respect to the signals of the OAM mode k, and thereby the receiving weight Uk for suppressing interference with the OAM mode k from adjacent OAM modes k-1 and k+1 is calculated.

[0028] Hk,k-1 and Hk,k+1 with respect to Hk,k are channel matrixes of the adjacent OAM modes k-1 and k+1 giving interference to the OAM mode k, and are used together with the channel matrix Hk,k for calculating the receiving weight Uk of the OAM mode k.

[0029] The receiving weight Uk associated with the OAM mode k based on the MMSE criterion is expressed by the following equation, where noise is indicated by σ and a unit matrix is indicated by I.



[0030] The receiving weight Uk associated with the OAM mode k based on the ZF criterion is expressed by the following equation.



[0031] Here, if k = 0, and n = -1, 0, and 1, the receiving weight calculation unit 232 shown in FIG. 3 calculates the receiving weight U0 for the signals of the OAM mode 0 by using the channel information (H0,-1V-1, H0,0V0,H0,+1V+1) output from the channel estimation unit 231.

[0032] The OAM mode 1 received signal processing unit 23-1 to the OAM mode L received signal processing unit 23-L shown in FIG. 1 execute the above-described processes in parallel to multiply the receiving weights U1 to UL for the signals of the OAM modes 1 to L and thereby suppress interference from the adjacent modes. Although the above description relates to only adjacent modes, the same applies to a case where an adjacent range is expanded.

(Embodiment 2)



[0033] FIG. 4 shows a configuration example of Embodiment 2 of the OAM multiplexing communication system according to the present invention.

[0034] In FIG. 4, the transmitting station 10 of Embodiment 2 is configured to make the receiving station 20 feed back the acquired channel matrix H and receiving weights U1 to UL for the respective OAM modes, and to calculate the next transmitting weights V1 to VL used for the precoding in the OAM mode 1 transmission signal processing unit 13-1 to the OAM mode L transmission signal processing unit 13-L. Herein, necessary information described below is fed back from a feedback processing unit 24 of the receiving station 20 to a feedback processing unit 14 of the transmitting station 10.

[0035] FIG. 5 shows a configuration example 1 of the OAM mode k transmission signal processing unit 13-k and the OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k.

[0036] In FIG. 5, the OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k has the same configuration as that shown in FIG. 3. The feedback processing unit 24 receives the channel matrix (..., Hk,k-1, Hk,k, Hk,k+1, ...) associated with the receiving OAM mode k from the channel estimation unit 231 and the receiving weight Uk from the receiving weight calculation unit 232. Similarly, the channel matrixes H associated with the receiving OAM modes 1 to L and the receiving weights U1 to UL are input to the feedback processing unit 24 from the OAM mode 1 received signal processing unit 23-1 to the OAM mode L received signal processing unit 23-L, respectively, and are further fed back to the feedback processing unit 14 of the transmitting station 10 from the feedback processing unit 24.

[0037] The OAM mode k transmission signal processing unit 13-k includes a transmitting weight calculation unit 131 and a transmitting weight multiplication unit 132. NTX modulation signals transmitted in the OAM mode k are input to the transmitting weight multiplication unit 132. The channel information (Hk-1,kUk-1, Hk,kUk, Hk+1,kUk+1) including the channel matrix H and the receiving weight U associated with the transmitting OAM mode k and fed back to the feedback processing unit 14 is input to the transmitting weight calculation unit 131, and a transmitting weight Vk for signals of the OAM mode k is calculated and is output to the transmitting weight multiplication unit 132. The transmitting weight multiplication unit 132 performs precoding with respect to NTX signals of the OAM mode k by using the transmitting weight Vk, and outputs the signals to the OAM mode generation units 12-1 to 12-NTX.

[0038] FIG. 6 shows a relationship between the channel matrix used for calculate the receiving weight Uk and the channel matrix used for calculating the transmitting weight Vk. Here, an example in the case of the OAM modes -2, -1, 0, 1, and 2 is shown. Either of the feedback processing units 24 and 14 rearranges the channel matrix used for calculating the receiving weight Uk to the channel matrix used for calculating the transmitting weight Vk.

[0039] Hk,k-1 and Hk,k+1 with respect to Hk,k are channel matrixes of the adjacent OAM modes k-1 and k+1 giving interference to the OAM mode k, and are used together with the channel matrix Hk,k for calculating the transmitting weight Vk of the OAM mode k.

[0040] The transmitting weight Vk associated with the OAM mode k based on the MMSE criterion is expressed by the following equation.



[0041] Here, Wk = (I-UkH Hk,kVk)-1, and µ is a solution of the following equation.





[0042] P is transmission power, and Dk and Ak are respectively an eigenvector matrix and a diagonal matrix formed of eigenvalues that are obtained through eigenvalue decomposition of the following expression.



[0043] It should be noted that Wk may be set as follows according to an equalization algorithm.



[0044] Here, I is a unit matrix with the same size as that of SINRk. SINRk is a diagonal matrix that has, as diagonal components, SINR of signals of the OAM mode k obtained when the transmitting weight Vk and the receiving weight Uk are used.

[0045] The transmitting weight Vk associated with the OAM mode k based on the ZF criterion is expressed by the following equation.



[0046] Here, if k = 0, and m = -1, 0, and 1, the transmitting weight calculation unit 131 shown in FIG. 5 calculates the transmitting weight V0 for the signals transmitted in the OAM mode 0 by using the channel information (H-1,0V-1, H0,0V0,H+1,0V+1) fed back thereto.

[0047] The OAM mode 1 transmission signal processing unit 13-1 to the OAM mode L transmission signal processing unit 13-L shown in FIG. 4 execute the above-described processes in parallel to multiply the transmitting weights V1 to VL for the signals of the OAM modes 1 to L and thereby execute the precoding process that suppresses interference with the adjacent modes. Although the above description relates to only adjacent modes, the same applies to a case where an adjacent range is expanded.

[0048] FIG. 7 shows a configuration Embodiment 2 of the OAM mode k transmission signal processing unit 13-k and the OAM mode k received signal processing unit 23-k.

[0049] In FIG. 7, a transmitting weight calculation unit 25 provided in the receiving station receives the channel matrixes H and the receiving weights U1 to UL associated with the receiving OAM modes 1 to L respectively from the OAM mode 1 received signal processing unit 23-1 to the OAM mode L received signal processing unit 23-L, and calculates the transmitting weights V1 to VL respectively used by the transmitting weight multiplication units 132 of the OAM mode 1 transmission signal processing unit 13-1 to the OAM mode L transmission signal processing unit 13-L of the transmitting station. The transmitting weights V1 to VL are fed back to a feedback processing unit 15 of the transmitting station from the transmitting weight calculation unit 25, and are further output to the transmitting weight multiplication units 132 of the OAM mode 1 transmission signal processing unit 13-1 to the OAM mode L transmission signal processing unit 13-L, respectively.

[0050] It should be noted that, in the configurations shown in FIGS. 4, 5, and 7, the process of performing the precoding by calculating the transmitting weight for the transmitting station by the use of the channel information and the receiving weight estimated in the receiving station may be repeatedly performed until an amount of change in a channel capacity (weight evaluation function), which is every time obtained by using the receiving weight and the transmitting weight, from the previous value becomes equal to or less than a predetermined threshold value.

REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



[0051] 

11-1 TO 11 -NTX FIRST TRANSMITTING UCA TO NTX-TH TRANSMITTING UCA

12-1 TO 12-NTX OAM MODE GENERATION UNIT

13-1 OAM MODE 1 TRANSMISSION SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT

13-L OAM MODE L TRANSMISSION SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT

131 TRANSMITTING WEIGHT CALCULATION UNIT

132 TRANSMITTING WEIGHT MULTIPLICATION UNIT

14, 15 FEEDBACK PROCESSING UNIT

21-1 TO 21-NRX FIRST RECEIVING UCA TO NRx-th RECEIVING UCA

22-1 TO 22-NRX OAM MODE SEPARATION UNIT

23-1 OAM MODE 1 RECEIVED SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT

23-L OAM MODE L RECEIVED SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT

231 CHANNEL ESTIMATION UNIT

232 RECEIVING WEIGHT CALCULATION UNIT

233 RECEIVING WEIGHT MULTIPLICATION UNIT

24 FEEDBACK PROCESSING UNIT

25 TRANSMITTING WEIGHT CALCULATION UNIT




Claims

1. An OAM multiplexing communication system that uses one or more orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes and multiplexes signals of one or more sequences for each OAM mode, the OAM multiplexing communication system comprising:

a transmitting station including:

a transmitting antenna that uses an M-UCA in which a plurality of uniform circular arrays (UCAs) having different diameters are concentrically disposed, each UCA having a plurality of antenna elements disposed circularly at an equal interval; and

an OAM mode generation unit that simultaneously generates the one or more OAM modes from each UCA of the transmitting antenna; and

a receiving station including:

a receiving antenna that has a configuration equivalent to the M-UCA;

an OAM mode separation unit that separates signals received by each UCA of the receiving antenna for each OAM mode; and

a received signal processing unit that estimates channel information for each OAM mode separated from the signals received by the each UCA of the receiving antenna, and performs an equalization process for each OAM mode by using a receiving weight calculated from the channel information, wherein

the received signal processing unit is configured to estimate, for each OAM mode, channel information of another OAM mode causing interference and calculate the receiving weight of a subject OAM mode by using the channel information of the subject OAM mode and said another OAM mode.


 
2. The OAM multiplexing communication system according to claim 1, wherein
the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the receiving weight by the received signal processing unit is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.
 
3. The OAM multiplexing communication system according to claim 1, wherein
the receiving station further includes a unit that feeds back the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode calculated by the received signal processing unit to the transmitting station, and
the transmitting station further includes a transmission signal processing unit that receives the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode fed back from the receiving station, calculates a transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs.
 
4. The OAM multiplexing communication system according to claim 1, wherein
the transmitting station further includes a transmission signal processing unit that performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs by using a transmitting weight for each OAM mode, and
the receiving station further includes a unit that uses the channel information and the receiving weight calculated by the received signal processing unit to calculate the transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and feeds back the transmitting weight to the transmitting station.
 
5. The OAM multiplexing communication system according to claim 3 or 4, wherein
the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the transmitting weight in the transmission signal processing unit is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.
 
6. An inter-mode interference elimination method for an OAM multiplexing communication system that uses one or more orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes and multiplexes signals of one or more sequences for each OAM mode, wherein
the OAM multiplexing communication system comprises:

a transmitting station including:

a transmitting antenna that uses an M-UCA in which a plurality of uniform circular arrays (UCAs) having different diameters are concentrically disposed, each UCA having a plurality of antenna elements disposed circularly at an equal interval; and

an OAM mode generation unit that simultaneously generates the one or more OAM modes from each UCA of the transmitting antenna; and

a receiving station including:

a receiving antenna that has a configuration equivalent to the M-UCA;

an OAM mode separation unit that separates signals received by each UCA of the receiving antenna for each OAM mode; and

a received signal processing unit that estimates channel information for each OAM mode separated from the signals received by the each UCA of the receiving antenna, and performs an equalization process for each OAM mode by using a receiving weight calculated from the channel information, wherein

the inter-mode interference elimination method comprises:
estimating, by the received signal processing unit, for each OAM mode, channel information of another OAM mode causing interference and calculating the receiving weight of a subject OAM mode by using the channel information of the subject OAM mode and said another OAM mode.


 
7. The inter-mode interference elimination method according to claim 6, wherein
the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the receiving weight by the received signal processing unit is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.
 
8. The inter-mode interference elimination method according to claim 6, wherein
the receiving station feeds back the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode calculated by the received signal processing unit to the transmitting station, and
the transmitting station receives the channel information and the receiving weight of the each OAM mode fed back from the receiving station, calculates a transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs.
 
9. The inter-mode interference elimination method according to claim 6, wherein
the transmitting station performs precoding with respect to signals of sequences to be transmitted from the plurality of UCAs by using a transmitting weight for each OAM mode, and
the receiving station uses the channel information and the receiving weight calculated by the received signal processing unit to calculate the transmitting weight for each OAM mode in consideration of the channel information and the receiving weight of another OAM mode causing interference, and feeds back the transmitting weight to the transmitting station.
 
10. The inter-mode interference elimination method according to claim 8 or 9, wherein
the channel information of said another OAM mode used in calculating the transmitting weight is the channel information of an OAM mode close to or adjacent to the subject OAM mode.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description