(19)
(11)EP 3 780 618 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(21)Application number: 18913372.1

(22)Date of filing:  25.09.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 19/56  (2014.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/107436
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/192152 (10.10.2019 Gazette  2019/41)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 02.04.2018 WO PCT/CN2018/081652
13.07.2018 WO PCT/CN2018/095710
31.08.2018 WO PCT/CN2018/103693

(71)Applicant: SZ DJI Technology Co., Ltd.
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518057 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHENG, Xiaozhen
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518057 (CN)
  • WANG, Suhong
    Beijing 100871 (CN)
  • WANG, Shanshe
    Beijing 100871 (CN)
  • MA, Siwei
    Beijing 100871 (CN)

(74)Representative: Appelt, Christian W. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OBTAINING MOTION VECTOR OF VIDEO IMAGE


(57) A method and a device for obtaining a motion vector of a video image are provided. The method includes obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block, scanning N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially, determining a reference motion vector according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M, continuing to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block, and determining a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list. The complexity of the encoding and decoding can be reduced while the performance of the encoding and decoding is ensured.




Description

COPYRIGHT NOTICE



[0001] A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to copyright protection. The copyright belongs to the copyright owner. The copyright owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure, as it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent file or records.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the field of video encoding and decoding, and in particular to a method and device for obtaining motion vectors of video images.

BACKGROUND



[0003] At present, the main video coding standards adopt block-based motion compensation technology in inter prediction. The main principle is to find the most similar block in an encoded image for a current image block. This process is called motion compensation. For example, an image is first divided into coding tree units (CTUs) of equal size, such as the size of 64×64 or 128×128. Each CTU can be further divided into square or rectangular coding units (CUs). For each CU, the most similar block is searched in a reference frame (generally a re-composite frame near a current frame in the time domain) as a prediction block of the current CU. A relative displacement between the current block (that is, the current CU) and the similar block (that is, the prediction block of the current CU) is referred to as a motion vector (MV). The process of finding the most similar block in the reference frame as the prediction block of the current block is motion compensation.

[0004] In the current technology, a motion vector candidate list of the current CU is usually constructed based on the motion vectors of encoded neighboring blocks of the current CU, which is also known as a Merge candidate list. An optimal motion vector candidate is selected from the Merge candidate list as the motion vector of the current CU and a prediction block of the current CU is determined according to the motion vector of the current CU.

[0005] Advanced/alternative temporal motion vector prediction (ATMVP) is a motion vector prediction mechanism. The basic principle of ATMVP technology is to perform motion compensation by obtaining motion information of multiple sub-blocks in the current CU. ATMVP technology introduces motion information of multiple sub-blocks in the current CU as candidates in constructing a candidate list (such as a Merge candidate list or an advanced motion vector prediction (AMVP) candidate list). The ATMVP technology includes two steps. The first step is to determine a time-domain vector by scanning the current CU candidate list, and the second step is to divide the current CU into N×N (by default, N is 4) sub-blocks (sub-CU), determine a corresponding block of each sub-block in the reference frame according to the obtained time-domain vector, and determine the motion vector of each sub-block according to the motion vector of the corresponding block of each sub-block in the reference frame.

[0006] In the first step of the current ATMVP technology, the process of determining a time-domain vector by scanning the candidate list of the current CU can be improved.

SUMMARY



[0007] Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method and device for obtaining a motion vector of a video image, which can reduce the complexity of the ATMVP technology while maintaining the performance gain of the existing ATMVP technology.

[0008] In a first aspect, a method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image is provided and includes: obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block, scanning N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially, determining a reference motion vector according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M, continuing to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block, determining a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list.

[0009] In the solutions provided in the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate motion vectors in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block can be reduced. It should be understood that applying the solution provided by the present disclosure to the first step of the ATMVP technology can simplify the redundant operations.

[0010] In a second aspect, a method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image is provided and includes: obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block, scanning at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially, determining a reference motion vector of the current image block according to a scan result, dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels, determining a related block of the sub-block in a reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector, determining candidate motion vectors to be added to a motion vector candidate list according to the motion vectors of the related blocks.

[0011] In the solutions provided in the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels. There is no need to store information about the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space can be saved.

[0012] In a third aspect, a device for processing video images is provided and includes an obtaining unit configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block, a determination unit configured to sequentially scan the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors and determine a reference motion vector according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M. The determination unit is further configured to continue to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and a reference image of the current image block. The determination unit is also configured to determine a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list.

[0013] In a fourth aspect, a device for processing video images is provided and includes an obtaining unit configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block, a determination unit configured to sequentially scan at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors and determine a reference motion vector according to the scan result, a division unit configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels. The determination unit is further configured to determine a related block of the sub-block in a reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector. The determination unit is further configured to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0014] In a fifth aspect, a method for processing video images is provided and includes: obtaining M neighboring blocks of a current image block, scanning the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially, determining a target neighboring block according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M, determining a related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block, and encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0015] In the solutions provided in the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the target neighboring block of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate neighboring blocks in the process of obtaining the target neighboring blocks of the current image block can be reduced, thereby reducing complexity.

[0016] In a sixth aspect, a method for processing video images is provided and includes: obtaining M neighboring blocks of a current image block, scanning at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially, determining a target neighboring block according to a scan result, dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels, determining a related block of the current image block in a reference image of the current image block according to a motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block, encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0017] In the solution provided in the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels, and there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block, therefore, storage space can be saved.

[0018] In a seventh aspect, a device for processing video images is provided and includes: an obtaining unit configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of a current image block, a determination unit configured to sequentially scan the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determine a target neighboring block according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M and the determination unit is further configurated to determine a related block of the current image block according to a motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and a reference image of the current image block, an encoding/decoding unit configured to encode/decode the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block of the current image block.

[0019] In an eighth aspect, a device for processing video images is provided and includes an obtaining unit configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of a current image block, a determination unit configured to sequentially scan at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determine a target neighboring block according to a scan result, a division unit configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels, an encoding/decoding unit configured to encode/decode the current image block according to a motion vector of a related block of the current image block, which is determined in a reference image of the current image block by the determination unit according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block.

[0020] In a ninth aspect, a device for processing video images is provided and the device includes a processor and a memory. The memory is used to store instructions. The processor is configured to execute the instructions stored in the memory to perform the instruction stored in the memory to cause the processor to perform a method provided by one of the first aspect, the second aspect, the fifth aspect or the sixth aspect.

[0021] In a tenth aspect, a chip is provided and the chip includes a processing unit and a communication interface. The processing unit is configured to control the communication interface to communicate with external devices. The processing unit is further configured to implement a method provided by one of the first aspect, the second aspect, the fifth aspect or the sixth aspect.

[0022] In an eleventh aspect, a computer storage medium is provided to store computer programs. When the computer program is executed by a computer, the computer implements a method provided by the first aspect, the second aspect, the fifth aspect or the sixth aspect.

[0023] In a twelfth aspect, a computer program product including instructions is provided. When the instructions are run on the computer, the computer executes the method provided by the first aspect, the second aspect, the fifth aspect or the sixth aspect.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0024] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic flowchart of a method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing obtaining a candidate motion vector of a current block through a neighboring block of a current image block.

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram showing scaling a candidate motion vector.

FIG. 4 is another schematic flowchart of a method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 5 is a schematic block diagram of a device for processing video images according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 6 is a schematic block diagram of a device for processing video images according to another embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 7 is a schematic flowchart of a method for processing video images according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 8 is a schematic flowchart of a method for processing video images according to another embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 9 is a schematic block diagram of a device for processing video images according to another embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 10 is a schematic block diagram of a device for processing video images according to another embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 11 is a schematic block diagram of a device for processing video images according to another embodiment of the disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0025] Motion vectors are explained first to facilitate understanding of the following description. A motion vector of an image block may include two pieces of information: 1) an image pointed to by the motion vector; 2) a displacement. The motion vector of an image block means one image block in the image pointed to by the motion vector that has the displacement relative to the image block. For an encoded/decoded image block, the motion vector means a reference image of the encoded/decoded image block, and a displacement of a reference block of the encoded/decoded image block relative to the encoded/decoded image block. It should be noted that the reference block of an image block mentioned in this disclosure refers to an image block used to calculate residuals of the image block.

[0026] FIG. 1 is a schematic flowchart of a method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The method include the following processes.

[0027] At S110, M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block are obtained.

[0028] The current image block is an image block to be encoded (or decoded). An image frame where the current image block is located is referred to as a current frame.

[0029] For example, the current image block is a coding unit (CU).

[0030] For example, the motion vector candidate list of the current image block may be a Merge candidate list or an AMVP candidate list.

[0031] It should be understood that the motion vector candidate list may also have another name.

[0032] The M candidate motion vectors may be determined according to motion vectors of M neighboring blocks of the current image block in the current frame. The neighboring block may be an image block adjacent or having a certain distance to the current image block in the current frame. It should be understood that the M neighboring blocks are image blocks in the current frame that have been encoded (or decoded).

[0033] For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the M neighboring blocks of the current image block are the image blocks at four locations A1 (left) → B1 (top) → B0 (upper right) → A0 (lower left) around the current image block. The motion vectors of the image blocks at these four locations are used as the M (that is, M equals 4) candidate motion vectors of the current image block.

[0034] In one possible implementation manner, after the process of S110 is completed, the M candidate motion vectors are added to the motion vector candidate list. At S120, the motion vector candidate list may be directly scanned.

[0035] At S120, N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors are scanned sequentially, and a reference motion vector is determined according to a scan result, where N is an integer smaller than M.

[0036] Determining the reference motion vector according to the scan result of the N candidate motion vectors may include checking the N candidate motion vectors sequentially based on a preset condition and determining the reference motion vector according to the checking result.

[0037] For example, the preset condition is that a reference frame pointed to by the candidate motion vector is the same as a reference image of the current image block.

[0038] Among them, the reference image of the current image block is a reference image with a shortest temporal distance to the image where the current image block is located, or the reference image of the current image block is a reference image preset at the encoding and decoding ends, or the reference image of the current image block is a reference image specified in a video parameter set, a sequence header, a sequence parameter set, an image header, an image parameter set, or a slice header.

[0039] For example, the reference image of the current image block is a collocated frame of the current image block, and the collocated frame is a frame set in a slice-level information header for obtaining motion information for prediction. In some application scenarios, the collocated frame is also referred to as a collocated picture.

[0040] It should be understood that according to the evolution of future technology, the preset condition may be given other different definitions, and the corresponding solution also falls within the scope of the present disclosure.

[0041] The process of determining the reference motion vector according to the scan result of N candidate motion vectors is described in detail below.

[0042] At S120, only N motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors that are obtained in the process of S110 are scanned, which can reduce the number of scans.

[0043] Optionally, at S120, the first N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors may be sequentially scanned.

[0044] Optionally, at S120, the last N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors may be sequentially scanned, or, the middle N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors may be sequentially scanned, which is not limited in the disclosure.

[0045] For one example, at S120, some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors are sequentially scanned.

[0046] For another example, at S120, some of the candidate motion vectors among the candidate motion vectors that are currently added to the motion vector candidate list are sequentially scanned.

[0047] At S130, candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list are continued to be determined according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block.

[0048] It should be understood that after the process of S130 is completed, the construction of the motion vector candidate list of the current image block is completed. The motion vector candidate list of the current image block includes the M candidate motion vectors determined at S110 and the candidate motion vectors determined at S130.

[0049] As shown in FIG. 1, the method further includes determining a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list obtained at S130 (S140).

[0050] It should be understood that the solution provided in this disclosure can be applied to the ATMVP technology. For example, the first step in the ATMVP technology can be realized through the process of S120.

[0051] In the first step of the present ATMVP technology, a time-domain vector of the current image block is obtained by scanning all candidate motion vectors that are currently added in the motion vector candidate list. For example, the motion vector candidate list is usually filled with 4 candidate motion vectors, hence all the 4 candidate motion vectors may need to be scanned to obtain the time-domain vector of the current image block.

[0052] However, in the embodiments of the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate motion vectors in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block can be reduced. It should be understood that applying the solution provided by the present disclosure to the first step of the ATMVP technology can simplify the redundant operations.

[0053] An official test sequence of the latest reference software VTM-2.0 of versatile video coding is selected by the applicant as the test sequence. The test configuration is RA configuration and LDB configuration. The solution provided by this disclosure is tested and the test result shows that the performance gain of ATMVP technology can still be maintained after the number of scans is reduced.

[0054] Therefore, the solution provided in this disclosure can reduce the complexity of the ATMVP technology while maintaining the performance gain of the ATMVP technology.

[0055] It should be understood that the method for constructing a motion vector candidate list provided by this disclosure may be applied to the encoding end or the decoding end. In other words, the execution entity of the method provided by the present disclosure may be the encoding end or the decoding end.

[0056] For example, at the encoding end, after the motion vector candidate list is obtained through the method according to the embodiments of the present disclosure, the current image block may be encoded by the following processes.

[0057] 1) Select an optimal motion vector (denoted as MV1) from the motion vector candidate list, use the selected MV1 as the motion vector of the current image block, and obtain an index of the MV1 in the motion vector candidate list.

[0058] 2) Determine a predicted image block of the current image block from the reference image (i.e., reference frame) according to the motion vector MV1 of the current image block. That is, a position of the predicted image block of the current image block in the reference frame is determined.

[0059] 3) Obtain a residual between the current image block and the predicted image block.

[0060] 4) Send the index of the motion vector MV1 of the current image block in the motion vector candidate list and the obtained residual to the decoding end.

[0061] For example, at the decoding end, the current image block can be decoded by the following processes.

[0062] 1) Receive the residual and the index of the motion vector of the current image block in the motion vector candidate list from the encoding end.

[0063] 2) Obtain a motion vector candidate list through the method according to the embodiments of the present disclosure, where the motion vector candidate list obtained by the decoding end is consistent with the motion vector candidate list obtained by the encoding end.

[0064] 3) Obtain the motion vector MV1 of the current image block from the motion vector candidate list according to the index.

[0065] 4) Obtain the predicted image block of the current image block, and then combine the residuals to obtain the current image block by decoding according to the motion vector MV1.

[0066] Optionally, in this embodiment, at S110, according to the motion vectors of the 4 neighboring blocks of the current image block in the current frame, the 4 candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list of the current image block are determined. That is, M is equal to 4. At S120, N candidate motion vectors among the 4 candidate motion vectors are scanned, and N is smaller than 4.

[0067] For example, N is equal to 1. For example, at S120, only the first motion vector candidate in the motion vector candidate list is scanned.

[0068] For another example, N is equal to 2 or 3.

[0069] The method for determining the reference motion vector of the current image block according to the scan result of the N candidate motion vectors at S120 is described below.

[0070] At S120, it is determined one by one whether the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors satisfy the preset condition, and the reference motion vector is determined according to the determination result. In this disclosure, the preset condition is that the reference frame pointed to by the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0071] Optionally, at S120, the N candidate motion vectors are sequentially scanned. When a first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is determined, that is, when a first candidate motion vector that points to a reference frame same as the collocated frame of the current frame is determined, the scanning is stopped, and the reference motion vector is determined according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition.

[0072] It should be understood that when the first candidate motion vector meeting the preset condition is scanned, the number of scans may be equal to N, or smaller than N.

[0073] For example, when the candidate motion vector of the first scan satisfies the preset condition, the scanning is stopped, and this candidate motion vector is used as the reference motion vector of the current image block.

[0074] Optionally, at S120, when no candidate motion vector meeting the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, that is, when the reference frames pointed to by the N candidate motion vectors are all different from the collocated frame of the current image block, a default value is used as the value of the reference motion vector.

[0075] For example, the default value is (0, 0), that is, the reference motion vector is (0, 0).

[0076] It should be understood that according to actual scenarios, the default value may have other definitions.

[0077] Optionally, at S120, when no candidate motion vector meeting the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, that is, when the reference frames pointed to by the N candidate motion vectors are all different from the collocated frame of the current image block, a specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list is scaled, and the reference motion vector is determined according to the scaled specific candidate motion vector.

[0078] The specific candidate motion vector may be the first motion vector or the last motion vector obtained according to the scanning order among the N candidate motion vectors.

[0079] The specific candidate motion vector may also be a motion vector obtained in other scanning order among the N candidate motion vectors.

[0080] When the preset condition is that the reference frame pointed to by the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference frame of the current image block, the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list is scaled. Determining the reference motion vector according to the scaled specific candidate motion vector includes scaling the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list, so that the reference frame pointed to by the scaled specific candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block, and using the scaled specific candidate motion vector as the reference motion vector.

[0081] As shown in FIG. 3, curr_pic represents the image where the current image block is located, col_pic represents the collocated frame of the current image block, and neigh_ref_pic represents the reference frame pointed to by the specific candidate motion vector. In one implementation manner, a scaling factor of the specific motion vector is determined according to a temporal distance between the reference image neigh_ref_pic pointed to by the specific candidate motion vector and the image curr_pic where the image block corresponding to the specific motion vector is located, and a temporal distance between the reference image col_pic of the current image block and the image curr_pic where the current image block is located.

[0082] It should be understood that the difference in the motion intensity between one image frame and another image frame is poor. In the scenario with intense motion between the current frame and its collocated frame, if the motion vector (0, 0) is used as the basis for locating the corresponding block of the current block, the movement between frames is not considered and the absolute coordinates of the current block in the collocated frame are directly assumed to have not changed, and in fact there is a high probability that the coordinates of the current block in the collocated frame are different from the coordinates of the current block in the current frame. Therefore, a large deviation may occur.

[0083] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, when no candidate motion vector whose reference frame is the same as the collocated frame of the current frame is found among the N candidate motion vectors, one candidate motion vector among the N candidate motion vectors is scaled to make the reference frame the same as the collocated frame of the current frame, and then the scaled candidate motion vector is used as the motion vector of the current image block. In this way, the accuracy of the motion vector of the current image block can be improved.

[0084] Optionally, when N is an integer smaller than M and greater than 1, the specific candidate motion vector in the embodiments may be a candidate motion vector that has a shortest temporal distance between the reference frame and the collocated frame of the current image block among the N candidate motion vectors.

[0085] It should be understood that selecting a candidate motion vector with the shortest distance between the reference frame and the collocated frame of the current frame among the N candidate motion vectors to scale can reduce the time for scaling processing, thereby improving the efficiency of obtaining the motion vector of the current image block.

[0086] Optionally, when N is an integer smaller than M and greater than 1, the specific candidate motion vector in the embodiments may also be any candidate motion vector among the N candidate motion vectors.

[0087] It should be understood that when N is equal to 1, the specific candidate motion vector in the embodiments is the scanned candidate motion vector.

[0088] Optionally, N is equal to 1. At S120, a reference motion vector of the current image block is obtained by scanning one candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list. When the scanned candidate motion vector points to a reference frame that is different from the collocated frame of the current frame where the current image block is located, the candidate motion vector is scaled so that the reference frame of the scaled candidate motion vector is the same as the collocated frame of the current frame, and the scaled candidate motion vector is used as the reference motion vector of the current image block. When the reference frame of the scanned candidate motion vector is the same as the collocated frame of the current frame, the candidate motion vector is used as the motion vector of the current image block.

[0089] In some embodiments, the motion vector of the current image block is obtained by scanning one candidate motion vector in the candidate motion vector list, the number of times of scanning the candidate motion vector in the process of obtaining the motion vector of the current image block is effectively reduced. When the reference frame of the scanned candidate motion vector is different from the collocated frame of the current frame, the candidate motion vector is scaled to make the reference frame the same as the collocated frame of the current frame, and then the scaled candidate motion vector is used as the motion vector of the current image block. In this way, the accuracy of the motion vector of the current image block can be improved. Therefore, compared with the existing technology, the solution provided by the embodiments of the present disclosure not only can simplify the process of determining the motion vector of the current image block, but also can improve the accuracy of the motion vector of the current image block.

[0090] It should be understood that when the preset condition changes, the process of scaling the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list also needs to be changed accordingly, that is, to ensure that the scaled specific candidate motion vector satisfies the preset condition.

[0091] The process of determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block at S130 is described below.

[0092] Optionally, as one implementation manner, determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes dividing the current image block into multiple sub-images blocks, determining a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector, and determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0093] The related block may be referred to as a collocated block or corresponding block.

[0094] For example, the current image block is a CU, and the sub-block obtained after dividing the CU may be referred to as a sub-CU.

[0095] Optionally, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0096] Optionally, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0097] In the present ATMVP technology, the size of the sub-block can be adaptively set at the frame level. The size of the sub-block is 4×4 by default. When a certain condition is met, the size of the sub-block is set to 8×8. For example, at the encoding end, when the current image block is encoded, the average block size of each sub-block in the CU is calculated when the last encoded image block in the same time-domain layer is encoded in ATMVP mode. When the average block size is greater than a threshold, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is set to 8×8, otherwise the default value of 4×4 is used. At present, in a new generation of the versatile video coding standard (VVC), the motion vector is stored with a size of 8×8. It should be understood that when the size of the sub-block is set to 4×4, the size of the motion vector of the sub-block (also 4×4) does not meet the storage granularity of the motion vector in the current standard. In addition, in the present ATMVP technology, when the current image block is encoded, information about the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block in the same time-domain layer needs to be stored.

[0098] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block can be set to 8×8 to adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0099] It should be understood that on the premise that the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be equal to 64 pixels, the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block may also be other dimensions, for example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is A × B, where A ≦ 64, B ≦ 64, and A and B are both integers of 4. For example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is 4×16 pixels, or 16×4 pixels.

[0100] Optionally, as another implementation manner, according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block, determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list includes determining the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector, and determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0101] In the encoding/decoding technology, the encoded/decoded image is generally used as the reference image of the current image to be encoded/decoded. In some embodiments, a reference image may also be constructed to improve the similarity between the reference image and the current image to be encoded/decoded.

[0102] For example, there is a specific type of encoding/decoding scene in the video content, in which the background basically does not change and only the foreground in the video changes or moves. For example, video surveillance belongs to this type of scene. In video surveillance scenes, the surveillance camera is usually fixed or only moves slowly, and it can be considered that the background basically does not change. In contrast, objects such as people or cars photographed by the video surveillance cameras often move or change, and it can be considered that the foreground changes frequently. In such scenes, a specific reference image can be constructed, and the specific reference image contains only high-quality background information. The specific reference image may include multiple image blocks, and any one image block is taken from a decoded image. Different image blocks in the specific reference image may be taken from different decoded images. When inter prediction is being performed, the specific reference image can be referred to for the background part of the current image to be encoded/decoded, thereby reducing residual information of inter prediction and improving encoding/decoding efficiency.

[0103] The above is a specific example for a specific reference image. In some implementation manners, the specific reference image has at least one of the following properties: composite frame, long-term reference image, or image not for outputting. Among them, the image not for outputting refers to an image that is not output for displaying. Generally, the image not for outputting exists as a reference image to other images. For example, the specific reference image may be a composite long-term reference image, or may be a composite frame that is not output, or may be a long-term reference image that is not output, and so on. In some implementation manners, the composite frame is also referred to as a composite reference frame.

[0104] In some implementation manners, the non-specific reference image may be a reference image that does not have at least one of the following properties: composite frame, long-term reference image, or image not for outputting. For example, the specific reference image may include a reference image other than a composite frame, or include a reference image other than a long-term reference image, or include a reference image other than an image not for outputting, or include a reference image other than a composite long-term reference image, or include a reference image other than a composite frame that is not output, or include a reference image other than a long-term reference image that is not output, and so on.

[0105] In some implementation manners, when the image in the video can be used as a reference image, the image can be a long-term reference image or a short-term reference image. Among them, the short-term reference image is a concept corresponding to the long-term reference image and the short-term reference image exists in the reference image buffer for a period of time. After the operation of moving a decoded reference image after the short-term reference image in and out of the reference image buffer is performed for a number of times, the short-term reference image is removed from the reference image buffer. The reference image buffer may also be referred to as a reference image list buffer, a reference image list, a reference frame list buffer, or a reference frame list, etc., which are all referred to as a reference image buffer in this disclosure.

[0106] The long-term reference image (or part of the data in the long-term reference image) can always exist in the reference image buffer, and the long-term reference image (or part of the data in the long-term reference image) is not affected by the decoded reference image moving in and out of the reference image buffer. The long-term reference image (or part of the data in the long-term reference image) is only removed from the reference image buffer when the decoding end sends an update instruction.

[0107] The short-term reference image and the long-term reference image may be called differently in different standards. For example, in standards such as H.264/advanced video coding (AVC) or H.265/HEVC, the short-term reference image is called a short-term reference frame, and the long-term reference image is called a long-term reference frame. For another example, in standards such as audio video coding standards (AVS) 1-P2, AVS2-P2, and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1857.9-P4, the long-term reference image is called a background picture. As another example, in standards such as VP8 and VP9, the long-term reference image is called a golden frame.

[0108] It should be understood that the specific terminology used in the embodiments of the present disclosure does not mean that it must be applied to a specific scene. For example, referring to a long-term reference image as a long-term reference frame does not mean that the technologies corresponding to the standards of H.264/AVC or H.265/HEVC must be applied.

[0109] The long-term reference image described above may be obtained by constructing image blocks extracted from multiple decoded images, or updating existing reference frames (for example, pre-stored reference frames) using multiple decoded images. The composite specific reference image may also be a short-term reference image. Or, the long-term reference image may not be the composite reference image.

[0110] In the above embodiments, the specific reference image may include a long-term reference image, and the non-specific reference image may include a short-term reference image.

[0111] Optionally, the type of the reference frame can be identified by a special field in the stream structure.

[0112] Optionally, when the reference image is determined to be a long-term reference image, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image. Or, when the reference image is determined to be a frame that is not output, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image. Or, when the reference image is determined to be a composite frame, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image. Or, when the reference image is determined to be a frame that is not output and the reference image is further determined to be a composite frame, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image.

[0113] Optionally, various types of reference images may have corresponding identifiers. At this time, for the decoding end, it may be determined whether the reference image is a specific reference image according to the identifier of the reference image.

[0114] In some embodiments, when it is determined that the reference image has the identifier of the long-term reference image, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image.

[0115] In some embodiments, when it is determined that the reference image has an identifier that is not output, it is determined that the reference image is a specific reference image.

[0116] In some embodiments, when it is determined that the reference image has an identifier of the composite frame, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image.

[0117] In some embodiments, when it is determined that the reference image has at least two of the following three identifiers: the identifier of the long-term reference image, the identifier that is not output, the identifier of the constructed frame or the composite reference frame, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image. For example, when it is determined that the reference image has an identifier that is not output, and it is determined that the reference image has an identifier of the composite frame, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image.

[0118] Specifically, the image may have an identifier indicating whether it is a frame to be output. When an image is indicated to be not output, the frame is indicated to be a reference image. Further, it is determined whether the frame has an identifier of the composite frame. When the frame has the identifier of the composite frame, the reference image is determined to be a specific reference image. If an image is indicated to be output, the frame is directly determined to not be a specific reference image without determining whether it is a composite frame. Or, if an image is indicated to be not output, but has an identifier indicating it is not a composite frame, the frame can be determined to not be a specific reference image.

[0119] Optionally, the reference image can be determined to be a specific reference image when it is determined that the reference image meets one of the following conditions by analyzing parameters from a picture header, a picture parameter set, or a slice header:

[0120] the reference image is a long-term reference image;

[0121] the reference image is a composite reference image; and

[0122] the reference image is an image not for outputting, or the reference image is an image not for outputting and is further determined to be a composite reference image.

[0123] In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the process of determining the motion vector of the current image block involves using a motion vector of a certain image block on another image to determine the motion vector of the image block. For convenience of description, the image block is referred to as a first image block, and the certain image block on another image to be used is referred to as a time-domain reference block or a related block of the first image block. It should be understood that the first image block and the time-domain reference block (or the related block) of the first image block are located on different images. Then, in the process of determining the motion vector of the first image block using the motion vector of the time-domain reference block (or the related block), the motion vector of the time-domain reference block (or the related block) needs to be scaled. For convenience of description, the term "related block" is used in the disclosure.

[0124] For example, when the ATMVP technology is applied in constructing the AMVP candidate list, and when the motion vector of the related block of the current image block is determined according to the ATMVP technology, the motion vector of the related block needs to be scaled, and then motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the scaled motion vector. Generally speaking, a scaling factor of the motion vector of the related block is determined based on a temporal distance between the reference image pointed to by the motion vector of related block and the image where the related block is located, and a temporal distance between the reference image of the current image block and the image where the current image block is located.

[0125] In one example, the motion vector of the related block is referred to as MV 2, and the index value of the reference frame of the reference image pointed to by the motion vector MV 2 is x. The index value x of the reference frame is the difference between the sequence number of the reference image pointed to by MV 2 (for example, POC) and the sequence number of the image where the related block is located. The index value of the reference frame of the reference image of the first image block is y. The index value y of the reference frame is the difference between the sequence number of the reference image of the first image block and the sequence number of the image where the first image block is located. Then, the scaling factor of the motion vector MV 2 is y/x. Optionally, the product of the motion vector MV 2 and y/x may be used as the motion vector of the first image block.

[0126] However, when the motion vector MV 2 of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the first image block is a specific reference image, because the definition of the temporal distance between the specific reference image and the image where the first image block is located is not clear, it may be meaningless to scale the motion vector MV 2 of the related block.

[0127] Optionally, in some embodiments, when the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the related block, and when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to a processed motion vector of the related block, where the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0128] For example, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0129] Optionally, in some embodiments, when the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the related block, and when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the motion vector of the current image block is determined without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.

[0130] In some embodiments, at S120, if no candidate motion vector that meets a preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, a specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list is scaled, and then a reference motion vector is determined according to the scaled specific candidate motion vector. Optionally, the method further includes, when the specific candidate motion vector points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the processed specific candidate motion vector, where the processed specific candidate motion vector is the same as the specific candidate motion vector before processing.

[0131] Among them, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0132] In some embodiments, at S120, if no candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, a specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list is scaled, and then a reference motion vector is determined according to the scaled specific candidate motion vector. Optionally, the method further includes, when the specific candidate motion vector points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the specific candidate motion vector.

[0133] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate motion vectors in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block can be reduced. It should be understood that Applying the solution provided by the present disclosure to the first step of the ATMVP technology can simplify the redundant operations.

[0134] When no candidate motion vector whose reference frame is the same as the collocated frame of the current frame is found among the N candidate motion vectors, one candidate motion vector among the N candidate motion vectors is scaled to make the reference frame the same as the collocated frame of the current frame, and then the scaled candidate motion vector is used as the motion vector of the current image block. In this way, the accuracy of the motion vector of the current image block can be improved.

[0135] Dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks with a size of 8×8 can adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0136] FIG. 4 shows a method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The method includes the following processes.

[0137] At S410, M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block are obtained.

[0138] The process of S410 corresponds to the process of S110 described above. For the specific description, reference can be made to the description above, which is not repeated here.

[0139] At S420, at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors are scanned sequentially, and a reference motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the scan result.

[0140] As an optional implementation manner, some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors are sequentially scanned, and the reference motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the scan result. The process of S420 may correspond to the process of S120 described above. Reference can be made to the description above.

[0141] As another optional implementation manner, all candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors are sequentially scanned, and the reference motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the scan result.

[0142] It should be understood that for a specific manner of determining the reference motion vector of the current image block according to the scan result at S420, reference may be made to the related description in the foregoing embodiments, and details are not repeated here.

[0143] At S430, the current image block is divided into multiple sub-blocks, and a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0144] For example, the current image block is referred to as a CU, and the sub-block obtained after dividing the CU may be referred to as a sub-CU.

[0145] At S440, a related block of the sub-block in a reference image of the current image block is determined according to the reference motion vector.

[0146] The reference image of the current image block may be a collocated frame of the current image block.

[0147] At S450, candidate motion vectors to be added to a motion vector candidate list are determined according to the motion vectors of the related blocks.

[0148] In the ATMVP technology, the size of the sub-block can be adaptively set at the frame level. The size of the sub-block is 4×4 by default. When a certain condition is met, the size of the sub-block is set to 8×8. For example, at the encoding end, when the current image block is encoded, the average block size of each sub-block in the CU is calculated when the last encoded image block in the same time-domain layer is encoded in ATMVP mode. When the average block size is greater than a threshold, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is set to 8×8, otherwise the default value of 4×4 is used. In another word, in the ATMVP technology, when the current image block is encoded, information about the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block in the same time-domain layer needs to be stored.

[0149] In some embodiments, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels. There is no need to store information about the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space can be saved.

[0150] Optionally, in some embodiments, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0151] In the present ATMVP technology, the size of the sub-block can be adaptively set at the frame level. The size of the sub-block is 4×4 by default. When a certain condition is met, the size of the sub-block is set to 8×8. For example, at the encoding end, when the current image block is encoded, the average block size of each sub-block in the CU is calculated when the last encoded image block in the same time-domain layer is encoded in ATMVP mode. When the average block size is greater than a threshold, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is set to 8×8, otherwise the default value of 4×4 is used. At present, in a new generation of the versatile video coding standard (VVC), the motion vector is stored with a size of 8×8. It should be understood that when the size of the sub-block is set to 4×4, the size of the motion vector of the sub-block (also 4×4) does not meet the storage granularity of the motion vector in the current standard. In addition, in the present ATMVP technology, when the current image block is encoded, information about the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block in the same time-domain layer needs to be stored.

[0152] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block can be set to 8×8 to adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0153] It should be understood that on the premise that the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be equal to 64 pixels, the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block may also be other dimensions, for example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is A × B, where A ≦ 64, B ≦ 64, and A and B are both integers of 4. For example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is 4×16 pixels, or 16×4 pixels.

[0154] Optionally, at S420, the at least some of the candidate motion vectors are sequentially scanned. When a first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is scanned, the scanning is stopped, and the reference motion vector is determined according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition.

[0155] Determining the reference motion vector according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition may include using the first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition as a target neighboring block.

[0156] Optionally, the preset condition includes that the reference image of the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0157] Optionally, at S450, when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list are determined according to the processed motion vector of the related block. The processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0158] For example, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0159] Optionally, at S450, when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list is determined without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.

[0160] Therefore, in the embodiment as shown in FIG. 4, diving the current image block into multiple sub-blocks with a size of 8×8 can adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0161] The methods provided according to the embodiments of the present disclosure are described above with reference to FIGs. 1 and 4, and devices corresponding to the above methods are described below. The description of the devices and the description of the methods correspond to each other. Therefore, for content that is not described in detail, reference can be made to the foregoing description, which is not repeated here.

[0162] FIG. 5 is a schematic block diagram of a device 500 for processing video images according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The device 500 can be used to execute, e.g., the method embodiment shown in FIG. 1. The device 500 includes the following units:

an obtaining unit 510 configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block; and

a determination unit 520 configured to sequentially scan the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors and determine a reference motion vector according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M.



[0163] The determination unit 520 is further configured to continue to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and a reference image of the current image block.

[0164] The determination unit 520 is also configured to determine a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list.

[0165] In the first step of the present ATMVP technology, a time-domain vector of the current image block is obtained by scanning all candidate motion vectors that are currently added in the motion vector candidate list. For example, the motion vector candidate list is usually filled with 4 candidate motion vectors, and all the 4 candidate motion vectors may need to be scanned to obtain the time-domain vector of the current image block.

[0166] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate motion vectors in the process of obtaining the reference motion vector of the current image block can be reduced. It should be understood that applying the solution provided by the present disclosure to the first step of the ATMVP technology can simplify the redundant operations.

[0167] An official test sequence of the latest reference software VTM-2.0 of versatile video coding is selected by the applicant as the test sequence. The test configuration is RA configuration and LDB configuration. The solution provided by this disclosure is tested and the test result shows that the performance gain of ATMVP technology can still be maintained after the number of scans is reduced.

[0168] Therefore, the solution provided in this disclosure can reduce the complexity of the ATMVP technology while maintaining the performance gain of the ATMVP technology.

[0169] Optionally, as one embodiments, the obtaining unit 510 is configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to the motion vector candidate list of the current image block according to the motion vectors of M neighboring blocks of the current image block in the current frame.

[0170] Optionally, as one embodiment, the neighboring block is an image block that is adjacent to or has a certain distance to the current image block and is on the current frame.

[0171] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to sequentially scan the first N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors.

[0172] Optionally, as one embodiment, M is equal to 4, and N is smaller than 4.

[0173] Optionally, as one embodiment, N is equal to 1 or 2.

[0174] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to sequentially scan N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors based on a preset condition and determine the reference motion vector according to the scan result.

[0175] Optionally, as one embodiment, the preset condition includes that the reference frame pointed to by the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0176] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to sequentially scan the N candidate motion vectors. When the first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is determined, the scanning is stopped, and according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition, the reference motion vector is determined.

[0177] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to scale a specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list when no candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, and determine the reference motion vector according to the scaled specific candidate motion vector.

[0178] Optionally, as one embodiment, the specific candidate motion vector is the first motion vector or the last motion vector obtained in the scanning order among the N candidate motion vectors.

[0179] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to scale the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vector candidate list to make the reference frame pointed to by the scaled specific candidate motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block, and use the scaled specific candidate motion vector as the reference motion vector.

[0180] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to use a default value as the reference motion vector when no candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors.

[0181] Optionally, as one embodiment, the default value is a motion vector of (0, 0).

[0182] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to divide the current image block into a plurality of sub-blocks, determine a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector, and determine a candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0183] Optionally, as one embodiment, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0184] Optionally, as one embodiment, the current image block is a coding unit CU.

[0185] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to determine a related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector, and determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0186] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to, when the motion vector of the related block points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the processed motion vector of the related block. The processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0187] Optionally, as one embodiment, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0188] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to, when the motion vector of the related block points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.

[0189] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to, when the specific candidate motion vector points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the processed specific candidate motion vector, where the processed specific candidate motion vector is the same as the specific candidate motion vector before processing.

[0190] Optionally, as one embodiment, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0191] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 520 is configured to, when the specific candidate motion vector points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the specific candidate motion vector.

[0192] Optionally, as one embodiment s, the motion vector candidate list is a Merge candidate list.

[0193] Optionally, as one embodiment, the reference image of the current image block is a collocated frame of the current image block.

[0194] Optionally, as one embodiment, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0195] It should be understood that both the obtaining unit 510 and the determination unit 520 in the embodiments may be implemented by a processor.

[0196] FIG. 6 shows a device 600 for processing video images according to another embodiment of the disclosure. The device 600 can be used to execute, e.g., the method embodiment shown in FIG. 4. The device 600 includes the following units:

[0197] an determination unit 610 configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block;

[0198] a determination unit 620 configured to sequentially scan at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors and determine a reference motion vector according to the scan result; and

[0199] a division unit 630 configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0200] The determination unit 620 is further configured to determine a related block of the sub-block in a reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector.

[0201] The determination unit 620 is further configured to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0202] In the present ATMVP technology, the size of the sub-block can be adaptively set at the frame level. The size of the sub-block is 4×4 by default. When a certain condition is met, the size of the sub-block is set to 8×8. For example, at the encoding end, when the current image block is encoded, the average block size of each sub-block in the CU is calculated when the last encoded image block in the same time-domain layer is encoded in ATMVP mode. When the average block size is greater than a threshold, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is set to 8×8, otherwise the default value of 4×4 is used. In another word, in the present ATMVP technology, when the current image block is encoded, information about the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block in the same time-domain layer needs to be stored.

[0203] In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels. There is no need to store information about the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space can be saved.

[0204] Optionally, as one embodiment, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0205] At present, in a new generation of the versatile video coding standard (VVC), the motion vector is stored with a size of 8×8. In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block can be set to 8×8 to adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard WC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0206] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 620 is configured to sequentially scan the at least some of the candidate motion vectors. When the first candidate motion vector that meets a preset condition is scanned, the scanning is stopped, and according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition, the reference motion vector is determined.

[0207] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 620 is configured to use the first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition as a target neighboring block.

[0208] Optionally, as one embodiment, the preset condition includes that a reference image of the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0209] It should be understood that the obtaining unit 610, the determination unit 620, and the division unit 630 in the embodiments may be implemented by one or more processors.

[0210] As described above, a motion vector of an image block may include two pieces of information: 1) an image pointed to by the motion vector; 2) a displacement. In some application scenarios, the motion vector of an image block only includes the information of "displacement." The image block additionally provides index information for indicating the reference image of the image block. For the encoded/decoded image block, the motion vector means the displacement of the reference block of the encoded/decoded image block on the reference image relative to the image block that has the same location as the encoded/decoded image block and is located in the reference image. When determining the reference block of the encoded/decoded image block, the index information of the reference image of the encoded/decoded image block and the motion vector of the encoded/decoded image block are needed to determine the reference block of the encoded/decoded image block. In the following, for the new definition of the motion vector (that is, it contains the "displacement" information but not the "image pointed to"), a video image processing method is provided.

[0211] FIG. 7 shows a method for processing video images according to an embodiment of the present disclosure and the method includes the following processes.

[0212] At S710, M neighboring blocks of a current image block are determined.

[0213] The current image block is an image block to be encoded (or decoded). For example, the current image block is a coding unit (CU).

[0214] An image frame where the current image block is located is referred to as a current frame.

[0215] The neighboring block is an image block adjacent to or having a certain distance to the current image block in a current image.

[0216] M neighboring blocks are image blocks in the current frame that have been encoded (or decoded).

[0217] For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the 4 neighboring blocks of the current image block are determined in an order of the image blocks shown in FIG. 2 located at four locations A1 (left) → B1 (top) → B0 (upper right) → A0 (lower left) around the current image block.

[0218] At S720, the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks are scanned sequentially, and a target neighboring block is determined according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M.

[0219] Determining the target neighboring block according to the scan result of the N neighboring blocks may be determining the N neighboring blocks sequentially based on a preset condition and determining the target neighboring block according to the determination result.

[0220] For example, the preset condition is that a reference image of the neighboring block is the same as a reference image of the current image block.

[0221] The reference image of the current image block is a reference image with a shortest temporal distance to the image where the current image block is located, or the reference image of the current image block is a reference image preset at the encoding and decoding ends, or the reference image of the current image block is a reference image specified in a video parameter set, a sequence header, a sequence parameter set, an image header, an image parameter set, or a slice header.

[0222] For example, the reference image of the current image block is a collocated frame of the current image block, and the collocated frame is a frame set in a slice-level information header for obtaining motion information for prediction.

[0223] It should be understood that according to the evolution of future technology, the preset condition may be given other different definitions, and the corresponding solution also falls within the scope of the present disclosure.

[0224] The process of determining the target neighboring blocks according to the scan result of N neighboring blocks is described in detail below.

[0225] At S720, only N neighboring blocks out of the M neighboring blocks obtained in the process of S710 are scanned, which can reduce the number of scans.

[0226] Optionally, at S720, the first N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks may be sequentially scanned.

[0227] When the M neighboring blocks of the current image block are sequentially determined in a preset order in the process of S710, the first N neighboring blocks obtained in the process of S720 refer to the N neighboring blocks determined first in the preset order.

[0228] Optionally, at S720, the last N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks may be sequentially scanned, or, the middle N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks may be sequentially scanned, which is not limited in the disclosure.

[0229] At S730, a related block of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block.

[0230] At S740, the current image block is encoded/decoded according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0231] Optionally, at S740, the reference block of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the related block and the reference image.

[0232] For example, at S740, a candidate block list of the current image block is constructed and the candidate blocks in the candidate block list include the M neighboring blocks and the related blocks. The current image block is encoded/decoded according to the reference block of the candidate block in the candidate block list.

[0233] In one example, the candidate block list is a Merge candidate list of the current image block. In another example, the candidate block list is an AMVP candidate list of the current image block.

[0234] At the encoding end, an index of the candidate block of the current block is written into the bitstream. At the decoding end, after the index is obtained, a candidate block corresponding to the index is found from the candidate block list, and the reference block of the current image block is determined according to the reference block of the candidate block, or the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the candidate block.

[0235] For example, the reference block of the candidate block is directly determined as the reference block of the current image block, or the motion vector of the candidate block is directly determined as the motion vector of the current image block. For another example, at the encoding end, the MVD of the current block is also written into the bitstream. After the MVD is obtained at the decoding end, MVD is added to the motion vector of the candidate block and the result is used as the motion vector of the current block, and then the reference block of the current block is determined according to the motion vector and the reference image of the current block.

[0236] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the target neighboring block of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate neighboring blocks in the process of obtaining the target neighboring blocks of the current image block can be reduced, thereby reducing complexity.

[0237] Optionally, in some embodiments, at S710, the four neighboring blocks of the current image block in the current frame are determined, that is, M is equal to 4. At S720, N neighboring blocks among the 4 neighboring blocks are scanned, and N is smaller than 4.

[0238] For example, N is equal to 1. At S720, only the first neighboring block among the four neighboring blocks is scanned.

[0239] For another example, N is equal to 2 or 3.

[0240] The method of determining the target neighboring block according to the scan results of the N neighboring blocks at S720 is described below.

[0241] Optionally, at S720, the N neighboring blocks are sequentially scanned. When a first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found, the scanning is stopped, and the target neighboring block is determined according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition.

[0242] For example, the preset condition is that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0243] It should be understood that according to the evolution of future technology, the preset conditions may also be given other definitions.

[0244] Hereinafter, the preset condition is that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block. Examples with this definition are described as follows.

[0245] For example, the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is used as the target neighboring block.

[0246] Optionally, at S720, when no neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, the method further includes scaling the motion vector of a specific neighboring block among the M neighboring blocks, and encoding/decoding the current image block according to a scaled motion vector.

[0247] For example, the reference block of the current image block is determined according to the scaled motion vector and the reference image of the current image block.

[0248] Optionally, the specific neighboring block is the first neighboring block, or the last neighboring block obtained according to a scanning order among the N neighboring blocks.

[0249] The specific neighboring block may also be a neighboring block obtained in another scanning order among the N neighboring blocks.

[0250] Optionally, encoding/decoding the current image block according to the scaled motion vector includes scaling the motion vector of the specific neighboring block to make the reference frame pointed to by the scaled motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block, and using the image block pointed to by the scaled motion vector in the reference image of the current image block as the reference block of the current image block.

[0251] Optionally, at S720, when no neighboring block meeting the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, a default block is used as the candidate reference block of the current image block.

[0252] For example, the default block is an image block pointed to by a motion vector (0, 0).

[0253] The process of determining the related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block at S730 is described below.

[0254] Optionally, as one implementation manner, determining the related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, determining the related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block. The related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.

[0255] The related block may be referred to as a collocated block or a corresponding block.

[0256] For example, the current image block is a CU, and the sub-block obtained after dividing the CU may be referred to as a sub-CU.

[0257] Optionally, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0258] Optionally, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0259] In the present ATMVP technology, the size of the sub-block can be adaptively set at the frame level. The size of the sub-block is 4×4 by default. When a certain condition is met, the size of the sub-block is set to 8×8. For example, at the encoding end, when the current image block is encoded, the average block size of each sub-block in the CU is calculated when the last encoded image block in the same time-domain layer is encoded in ATMVP mode. When the average block size is greater than a threshold, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is set to 8×8, otherwise the default value of 4×4 is used. At present, in a new generation of the versatile video coding standard (VVC), the motion vector is stored with a size of 8×8. It should be understood that when the size of the sub-block is set to 4×4, the size of the motion vector of the sub-block (also 4×4) does not meet the storage granularity of the motion vector in the current standard. In addition, in the present ATMVP technology, when encoding the current image block, information about the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block in the same time-domain layer needs to be stored.

[0260] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block can be set to 8×8 to adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0261] It should be understood that on the premise that the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be equal to 64 pixels, the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block may also be other dimensions, for example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is A × B, where A ≦ 64, B ≦ 64, and A and B are both integers of 4. For example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is 4×16 pixels, or 16×4 pixels.

[0262] Optionally, as another implementation manner, determining the related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes determining the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block.

[0263] Optionally, at S740, when the reference image of the related block is a specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the candidate reference block of the current image block is determined according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block, where the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0264] For example, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0265] Optionally, at S740, when the reference image of the related block is a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is a specific reference image, the candidate reference block of the current image block is determined without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.

[0266] In some embodiments, at S720, when the motion vector of the specific neighboring block points to a specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the reference block of the current image block is determined according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block. The processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0267] Among them, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0268] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the target neighboring block of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate neighboring blocks in the process of obtaining the target neighboring blocks of the current image block can be reduced, thereby reducing complexity.

[0269] When no neighboring block whose reference frame is the same as the collocated frame of the current frame is found among the N neighboring blocks, the motion vector of one neighboring block among the N neighboring blocks is scaled to make the reference frame the same as the collocated frame of the current frame, and then the scaled motion vector is used as the motion vector of the current image block. In this way, the accuracy of the motion vector of the current image block can be improved.

[0270] Diving the current image block into multiple sub-blocks with a size of 8×8 can adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0271] In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the process of determining the motion vector of the current image block involves using a motion vector of a certain image block on another image to determine the motion vector of the image block. For convenience of description, the image block is referred to as a first image block, and the certain image block on another image to be used is referred to as a time-domain reference block or a related block of the first image block. It should be understood that the first image block and the time-domain reference block (or the related block) of the first image block are located on different images. Then, in the process of determining the motion vector of the first image block using the motion vector of the time-domain reference block (or the related block), the motion vector of the time-domain reference block (or the related block) needs to be scaled. For convenience of description, the term "related block" is used in the disclosure.

[0272] For example, when the ATMVP technology is applied in constructing an AMVP candidate list, after the related block of the current image block is determined according to the ATMVP technology, and when the motion vector of the current image block is being determined according to the motion vector of the related block, the motion vector of the related block needs to be scaled, and then motion vector of the current image is determined according to the scaled motion vector. Generally speaking, a scaling factor of the motion vector of the related block is determined based on a temporal distance between the reference image pointed to by the motion vector of related block and the image where the related block is located, and a temporal distance between the reference image of the current image block and the image where the current image block is located.

[0273] In one example, the motion vector of the related block is referred to as MV 2, and the index value of the reference frame of the reference image pointed to by the motion vector MV 2 is x. The index value x of the reference frame is the difference between the sequence number of the reference image pointed to by MV 2 (for example, POC) and the sequence number of the image where the related block is located. The index value of the reference frame of the reference image of the first image block is y. The index value y of the reference frame is the difference between the sequence number of the reference image of the first image block and the sequence number of the image where the first image block is located. Then, the scaling factor of the motion vector MV 2 is y/x. Optionally, the product of the motion vector MV 2 and y/x may be used as the motion vector of the first image block.

[0274] However, when the motion vector MV 2 of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the first image block is a specific reference image, because the definition of the temporal distance between the specific reference image and the image where the first image block is located is not clear, it may be meaningless to scale the motion vector MV 2 of the related block.

[0275] Optionally, in some embodiments, when the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the related block, and when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the processed motion vector of the related block., where the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0276] For example, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0277] Optionally, in some embodiments, when the motion vector of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the related block, and when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, the motion vector of the current image block is determined without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.

[0278] FIG. 8 shows a method for processing video images according to another embodiment of the present disclosure and the method includes the following processes.

[0279] At S810, M neighboring blocks of a current image block are determined.

[0280] The process of S810 may correspond to the process of S710 in the above embodiment.

[0281] At S820, at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks are sequentially scanned, and a target neighboring block is determined according to a scan result.

[0282] Optionally, some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks are sequentially scanned, and the target neighboring block is determined according to a scan result.

[0283] Optionally, all neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks are sequentially scanned, and the target neighboring block is determined according to a scan result.

[0284] At S830, the current image block is divided into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0285] At S840, a related block of the current image block in a reference image of the current image block is determined according to a motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block.

[0286] Optionally, the reference image of the current image block is a reference image with a shortest temporal distance to the image where the current image block is located.

[0287] Optionally, the reference image of the current image block is a reference image preset at the encoding end.

[0288] Optionally, the reference image of the current image block is a reference image specified in a video parameter set, a sequence header, a sequence parameter set, an image header, an image parameter set, or a slice header.

[0289] At S850, the current image block is encoded/decoded according to the motion vector of the related block.

[0290] In the embodiments of the disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels, and there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the previous encoded image block, therefore, storage space can be saved.

[0291] Optionally, in some embodiments, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the time-domain reference block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0292] At present, in a new generation of the versatile video coding standard (VVC), the motion vector is stored with a size of 8×8. In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block can be set to 8×8 to adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0293] It should be understood that on the premise that the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be equal to 64 pixels, the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block may also be other dimensions, for example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is A × B, where A = 64, B ≦ 64, and A and B are both integers of 4. For example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is 4×16 pixels, or 16×4 pixels.

[0294] Optionally, at step S820, at least some of the neighboring blocks are sequentially scanned. When a first neighboring block that meets a preset condition is scanned, the scanning is stopped, and according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition, a target neighboring block is determined.

[0295] For example, the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is used as the target neighboring block.

[0296] For example, the preset condition is that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0297] Optionally, at S840, a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block is determined according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block. The related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.

[0298] The methods provided according to the embodiments of the present disclosure are described above with reference to FIGs. 7 and 8, and devices corresponding to the above methods are described below. It should be understood that the description of the devices and the description of the methods correspond to each other. Therefore, for content that is not described in detail, reference can be made to the foregoing description, which is not repeated here.

[0299] FIG. 9 is a schematic block diagram of a device 900 for processing video images according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The device 900 can be used to execute, e.g., the method embodiment shown in FIG. 7. The device 900 includes the following units:

an obtaining unit 910 configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of a current image block;

a determination unit 920 configured to sequentially scan the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determine a target neighboring block according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M;

the determination unit 920 further configured to determine a related block of the current image block according to a motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and a reference image of the current image block; and

an encoding/decoding unit 930 configured to encode/decode the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block of the current image block.



[0300] In the embodiments of the present disclosure, in the process of obtaining the target neighboring block of the current image block, only N (N is smaller than M) neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks that have been obtained are sequentially scanned. Comparing with the existing technology, the number of scans of the candidate neighboring blocks in the process of obtaining the target neighboring blocks of the current image block can be reduced, thereby reducing complexity.

[0301] Optionally, as one embodiment, M is equal to 4, and N is smaller than 4.

[0302] Optionally, as one embodiment, N is equal to 1 or 2.

[0303] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to sequentially scan the first N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks.

[0304] Optionally, as one embodiment, the obtaining unit 910 is configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of the current image block sequentially in a preset order. The first N neighboring blocks refer to the N neighboring blocks determined first in the preset order.

[0305] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to sequentially scan the N neighboring blocks. When a first neighboring block that meets a preset condition is scanned, the scanning is stopped, and a target neighboring block is determined according to the scanned first neighboring block that meets the preset condition.

[0306] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to use the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.

[0307] Optionally, as one embodiment, the preset condition includes that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0308] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is configured to determine a reference block of the current image block according to a motion vector of the related block and a reference image.

[0309] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is configured to construct a candidate block list of the current image block. The candidate blocks in the candidate block list include the M neighboring blocks and the related blocks. According to the reference blocks of the candidate blocks in the candidate block list, the current image block is encoded and decoded.

[0310] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is further configured to, when no neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, scale a motion vector of a specific neighboring block among the M neighboring blocks, and encode/decode the current image block according to the scaled motion vector.

[0311] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is configured to determine the reference block of the current image block according to the scaled motion vector and the reference image of the current image block.

[0312] Optionally, as one embodiment, the specific neighboring block is a first neighboring block, or a last neighboring block obtained in a scanning order among the N neighboring blocks.

[0313] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is configured to scale the motion vector of the specific neighboring block to make a reference frame pointed to by the scale motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block, and use the image block pointed to by the scaled motion vector in the reference image of the current image block as the reference block of the current image block.

[0314] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to use a default block as the reference block of the current image block when no neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks.

[0315] Optionally, as one embodiment, the default block is an image block pointed to by a motion vector (0, 0).

[0316] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to:

[0317] divide the current image block into a plurality of sub-blocks;

[0318] determine a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block. The related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.

[0319] Optionally, as one embodiment, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.

[0320] Optionally, as one embodiment, the current image block is a coding unit (CU).

[0321] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to determine a related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block.

[0322] Optionally, as one embodiment, the neighboring block is an image block adjacent to or having a certain distance to the current image block on the current image.

[0323] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is configured to, when the reference image of the related block is the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the reference block of the current image block according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block.

[0324] Among them, the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0325] Optionally, as one embodiment, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0326] Optionally, as one embodiment, the encoding/decoding unit 930 is configured to, when the reference image of the related block is the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is the specific reference image, determine the reference block of the current image block without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.

[0327] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 920 is configured to, when the motion vector of the specific neighboring block points to the specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the reference block of the current image block according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block, where the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.

[0328] Optionally, as one embodiment, the processed motion vector of the related block includes a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1, or a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.

[0329] It should be understood that the obtaining unit 910, the determination unit 920, and the encoding/decoding unit 930 in the embodiments may be implemented by one or more processors.

[0330] FIG. 10 schematically shows a device 1000 for processing video images according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. The device 1000 can be used to execute, e.g., the method embodiment shown in FIG. 8. The device 1000 includes the following units:

[0331] an obtaining unit 1010 configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of a current image block;

[0332] a determination unit 1020 configured to sequentially scan at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determine a target neighboring block according to a scan result;

[0333] a division unit 1030 configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels;

[0334] the determination unit 1020 further configured to determine a related block of the current image block in a reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and sub-block; and

[0335] an encoding/decoding unit 1040 configured to encode/decode the current image block according to a motion vector of the related block of the current image block.

[0336] In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels. There is no need to store information about the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space can be saved.

[0337] Optionally, as one embodiment, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the time-domain reference block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.

[0338] At present, in a new generation of the versatile video coding standard (VVC), the motion vector is stored with a size of 8×8. In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the size of the sub-block of the current image block can be set to 8×8 to adapt to the storage granularity of the motion vector specified in the video standard VVC on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is no need to store the information of the size of the sub-block of the last encoded image block, therefore, the storage space is saved.

[0339] It should be understood that on the premise that the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be equal to 64 pixels, the size of the sub-block and/or the related block of the sub-block may also be other dimensions, for example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is A × B, where A ≦ 64, B ≦ 64, and A and B are both integers of 4. For example, the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is 4×16 pixels, or 16×4 pixels.

[0340] Optionally, as one embodiment, sequentially scanning the at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determining the target neighboring block according to the scan result includes sequentially scanning the at least some of the neighboring blocks, when a first neighboring block that meets a preset condition is scanned, stopping the scanning, and determining the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition.

[0341] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 1020 is configured to use the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition as a target neighboring block.

[0342] Optionally, as one embodiment, the preset condition includes that a reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.

[0343] Optionally, as one embodiment, the determination unit 1020 is configured to determine a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block. The related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.

[0344] It should be understood that the obtaining unit 1010, the determination unit 1020, the division unit 1030, and the encoding/decoding unit 1040 in the embodiments may be implemented by one or more processors.

[0345] FIG. 11 schematically shows a device 1100 for processing video images according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. The device 1100 may be used to execute the method embodiments described above. The device 1100 includes a processor 1110 and a memory 1120. The memory 1120 is used to store instructions. The processor 1110 is configured to execute the instructions stored in the memory 1120 to perform a method consistent with the disclosure, such as one of the above-described example methods.

[0346] Optionally, as shown in FIG. 11, the device 1100 further includes a communication interface 1130 for communicating with external devices. For example, the processor 1110 is configured to control the communication interface 1130 to receive and/or send signals.

[0347] The devices 500, 600, 900, 1000, and 1100 provided in this disclosure may be applied to an encoder or a decoder.

[0348] A computer storage medium is further provided according to an embodiment of the present disclosure to store computer programs. When the computer program is executed by a computer, a method provided in the foregoing embodiments is performed.

[0349] An embodiment of the present disclosure further provides a computer program product containing instructions, which are executed by a computer to perform a method provided by the foregoing embodiments.

[0350] In the above embodiments, it can be implemented in whole or in part by software, hardware, firmware, or any combination thereof. When implemented using software, it can be implemented in whole or in part in the form of a computer program product. The computer program product includes one or more computer instructions. When computer instructions are loaded and executed on a computer, the processes or functions according to the embodiments of the present disclosure are generated in whole or in part. The computer may be a general-purpose computer, a special-purpose computer, a computer network, or other programmable devices. Computer instructions can be stored in a computer-readable storage medium or transmitted from one computer-readable storage medium to another computer-readable storage medium. For example, the computer instructions can be transmitted from a website, computer, server, or data center via a wired (e.g., coaxial cable, optical fiber, digital subscriber line (DSL)) or wireless (such as infrared, wireless, microwave, etc.) manner to another website, computer, server or data center. The computer-readable storage medium may be any available medium that can be accessed by a computer or a data storage device including one or more available medium integrated servers, data centers, and the like. The usable media can be magnetic media (such as floppy disks, hard disks and magnetic tapes), optical media (such as high-density digital video disks (DVD)), or semiconductor media (such as solid-state disks (SSD)).

[0351] Those of ordinary skills in the art may realize that the units and algorithms described in the embodiments of the disclosure can be implemented by electronic hardware, or a combination of computer software and electronic hardware. Whether these functions are executed in hardware or software depends on the specific application of the technical solution and design constraints. Professional technicians can use different methods to implement the described functions for each specific application, but such implementation should not be considered beyond the scope of this disclosure.

[0352] In the embodiments provided in this disclosure, the disclosed system, device, and method may be implemented in other ways. For example, the device embodiments described above are only schematic. For example, the division of the units is only a division of logical functions. In actual implementation, there may be other divisions, for example, multiple units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not implemented. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual coupling or direct coupling or communication connection may be indirect coupling or communication connection through some interfaces, devices or units, and may be in electrical, mechanical or other forms.

[0353] The units described as separate components may or may not be physically separated, and the components displayed as units may or may not be physical units, that is, they may be located in one place or may be distributed on multiple network units. Some or all of the units may be selected according to actual needs to achieve the purpose of the solution of this embodiment.

[0354] In addition, each functional unit in each embodiment of the present disclosure may be integrated into one processing unit, or each unit may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit.

[0355] The above is only the specific implementations of this disclosure, but the scope of this disclosure is not limited to this. Any person skilled in the art can easily think of changes or replacements within the technical scope disclosed in this disclosure, which should be covered by the scope of this disclosure. Therefore, the scope of the invention shall be subject to the claims.


Claims

1. A method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image comprising:

obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block;

scanning N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially and determining a reference motion vector according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M;

continuing to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block;

determining a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to the motion vector candidate list of the current image block includes:
obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to the motion vector candidate list of the current image block according to motion vectors of M neighboring blocks of the current image block in the current frame.
 
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the neighboring block includes an image block adjacent or having a certain distance to the current image block in the current frame.
 
4. The method of claim 2 or 3, wherein scanning N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially includes:
scanning the first N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially.
 
5. The method of any of claims 1-4, wherein M is equal to 4, and N is smaller than 4.
 
6. The method of claim 5, wherein N is equal to 1 or 2.
 
7. The method of any of claims 1-6, wherein scanning N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially and determining a reference motion vector according to a scan result includes:
checking the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially based on a preset condition and determining the reference motion vector according to the checking result.
 
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the preset condition includes:
a reference frame pointed to by the candidate motion vector is the same as a reference image of the current image block.
 
9. The method of claim 7 or 8, wherein checking the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially based on the preset condition and determining the reference motion vector according to the checking result includes:
scanning the N candidate motion vectors sequentially, when a first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found, stopping the scanning, and determining the reference motion vector according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition.
 
10. The method of claim 7 or 8, wherein checking the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially based on the preset condition and determining the reference motion vector according to the checking result includes:

when no reference motion vectors that meets the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, scaling the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vectors candidate list;

determining the reference motion vectors according to a scaled specific candidate motion vector.


 
11. The method of claim 10, wherein the specific candidate motion vector is the first motion vector, or the last motion vector obtained according to a scanning order among the N candidate motion vectors.
 
12. The method of claim 10 or 11, wherein scaling the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vectors candidate list and determining the reference motion vectors according to a scaled specific candidate motion vector includes:

scaling the specific candidate motion vector of the motion vector candidate list to make the reference frame pointed to by the scaled specific candidate motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block;

using scaled specific candidate motion vector as the reference motion vector.


 
13. The method of claim 7 or 8, wherein checking the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially based on the preset condition and determining the reference motion vector according to the checking result includes:
when no reference motion vector meeting the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, using a default value as the reference motion vector.
 
14. The method of claim 13, wherein the default value is a motion vector (0, 0).
 
15. The method of any of claims 1-14, wherein determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes:

dividing the current image block into multiple sub-images blocks;

determining a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector;

determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.


 
16. The method of claim 15, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.
 
17. The method of claim 15, wherein the current image block is a coding unit CU.
 
18. The method of any claims 1-14, wherein determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes:

determining the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector;

determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector of the related block.


 
19. The method of any of claims 15-18, wherein determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector of the related block includes:
when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to a processed motion vector of the related block, where the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.
 
20. The method of claim 19, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
21. The method of any of claims 15-18, wherein determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block includes:
when the motion vector of the related block points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is the specific reference image, determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.
 
22. The method of any of claims 10-12, further comprising:
when the specific candidate motion vector points to a specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, determining candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the processed specific candidate motion vector, wherein the processed specific candidate motion vector is the same as the specific candidate motion vector before processing.
 
23. The method of claim 22, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
24. The method of any of claims 10-12, further comprising:
when the specific candidate motion vector points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is a specific reference image, determining the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the specific candidate motion vector.
 
25. The method of any of claims 1-24, wherein the motion vector candidate list is a Merge candidate list.
 
26. The method of any of claims 1-25, wherein the reference image of the current image block is a collocated frame of the current image block.
 
27. The method of claim 15, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed at 8x8 pixels.
 
28. A method for obtaining a motion vector of a video image comprising:

obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block;

scanning at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially and determining a reference motion vector of the current image block according to a scan result;

dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, wherein a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels;

determining a related block of the sub-block in a reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector;

determining candidate motion vectors to be added to a motion vector candidate list according to the motion vectors of the related blocks.


 
29. The method of claim 28, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.
 
30. The method of claim 28, scanning at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially and determining a reference motion vector of the current image block according to a scan result:
scanning at least some of the candidate motion vectors sequentially, when a first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found, stopping the scanning, and determining the reference motion vector according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition.
 
31. The method of claim 30, wherein determining the reference motion vector according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition includes:
using the first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.
 
32. The method of claim 30, wherein the preset condition includes:
that the reference image of the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block.
 
33. A method for processing video images comprising:

obtaining M neighboring blocks of a current image block;

scanning the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially and determining a target neighboring block according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M;

determining a related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block;

encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block.


 
34. The method of claim 33, wherein M is equal to 4, and N is smaller than 4.
 
35. The method of claim 34, wherein N is equal to 1 or 2.
 
36. The method of any of claims 33-35, wherein scanning the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially includes:
scanning the first N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially.
 
37. The method of claim 36, wherein obtaining M neighboring blocks of the current image block includes:
obtaining the M neighboring blocks of the current image block sequentially in a preset order, wherein the first N neighboring blocks refer to the N neighboring blocks determined first in the preset order.
 
38. The method of any of claims 33-37, wherein scanning the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially and determining a target neighboring block according to a scan result includes:
scanning the N neighboring block sequentially, when a first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found, stopping the scanning, and determining the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition.
 
39. The method of claim 38, wherein determining the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition includes:
using the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.
 
40. The method of claim 39, wherein the preset condition includes:
that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.
 
41. The method of any of claims 33-40, wherein encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block includes:
determining the reference block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block and the reference image.
 
42. The method of claim 41, wherein encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block includes:

constructing a candidate block list of the current image block, wherein the candidate blocks in the candidate block list include the M neighboring blocks and the related blocks;

encoding/decoding the current image block according to the reference block of the candidate block in the candidate block list.


 
43. The method of any of claims 33-42, further comprising:
when no neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, scaling the motion vector of a specific neighboring block among the M neighboring blocks, and encoding/decoding the current image block according to a scaled motion vector.
 
44. The method of claim 43, wherein encoding/decoding the current image block according to the scaled motion vector includes:
determining the reference block of the current image block according to the scaled motion vector and the reference image of the current image block.
 
45. The method of claim 43, wherein the specific neighboring block is the first neighboring block, or the last neighboring block obtained according to a scanning order among the N neighboring blocks.
 
46. The method of claim 43, wherein scaling the motion vector of the specific neighboring block among the M neighboring blocks and encoding/decoding the current image block according to the scaled motion vector includes:

scaling the motion vector of the specific neighboring block to make the reference frame pointed to by the scaled motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block;

using the image block pointed to by the scaled motion vector in the reference image of the current image block as the reference block of the current image block.


 
47. The method of any of claims 33-42, further comprising:
when no neighboring block meeting the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, using a default block as the reference block of the current image block.
 
48. The method of claim 47, wherein the default block is an image block pointed to by a motion vector (0, 0).
 
49. The method of any of claims 33-48, wherein determining the related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes:

dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks;

determining the related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, where the related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.


 
50. The method of claim 49, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.
 
51. The method of any of claims 33-50, wherein the current image block is a coding unit CU.
 
52. The method of any of claims 33-45, wherein determining the related block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block, and the reference image of the current image block includes:
determining the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block.
 
53. The method of any of claims 33-52, wherein the neighboring block is an image block adjacent to or having a certain distance to the current image block on the current image.
 
54. The method of any of claims 33-53, wherein encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block includes:
when the reference image of the related block is the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determining the reference block of the current image block according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.
 
55. The method of claim 54, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
56. The method of any of claims 33-53, wherein encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block includes:
when the reference image of the related block is the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is the specific reference image, determining the reference block of the current image block without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.
 
57. The method of any of claims 43-46, further comprising:
when the motion vector of the specific neighboring block points to the specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determining the reference block of the current image block according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.
 
58. The method of claim 57, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
59. A method for processing video images comprising:

obtaining M neighboring blocks of a current image block;

scanning at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially and determining a target neighboring block according to a scan result;

dividing the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, where a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels;

determining a related block of the current image block in a reference image of the current image block according to a motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block;

and encoding/decoding the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block.


 
60. The method of claim 59, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the time-domain reference block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels, or 16×4 pixels, or 4×16 pixels.
 
61. The method of claim 59, wherein scanning at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially and determining the target neighboring block according to a scan result includes:
scanning the at least some of the neighboring blocks sequentially, when a first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found, stopping the scanning, and determining the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition.
 
62. The method of claim 61, wherein determining the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition includes:
using the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.
 
63. The method of claim 61, wherein the preset condition includes:
that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.
 
64. The method of claim 59, wherein determining the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block includes:
determining the related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block, where the related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.
 
65. A device for processing video images comprising:

an obtaining unit configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block;

a determination unit configured to sequentially scan the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors and determine a reference motion vector according to a scan result, where N is smaller than M;

wherein:

the determination unit is further configured to continue to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector, the current image block, and a reference image of the current image block;

the determination unit is also configured to determine a motion vector of the current image block according to the motion vector candidate list.


 
66. The device of claim 65, wherein the obtaining unit is further configured to:
obtaining M candidate motion vectors for adding to the motion vector candidate list of the current image block according to motion vectors of M neighboring blocks of the current image block in the current frame.
 
67. The device of claim 66, wherein the neighboring block includes an image block adjacent or having a certain distance to the current image block in the current frame.
 
68. The device of claim 66 or 67, wherein the determination unit is configured to:
scan the first N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially.
 
69. The device of any of claims 65-68, wherein M is equal to 4, and N is smaller than 4.
 
70. The device of claim 69, wherein N is equal to 1 or 2.
 
71. The device of any of claims 65-70, wherein the determination unit is configured to:
checking the N candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors sequentially based on a preset condition and determining the reference motion vector according to the checking result.
 
72. The device of claim 71, wherein the preset condition includes:
a reference frame pointed to by the candidate motion vector is the same as a reference image of the current image block.
 
73. The device of claim 71 or 72, wherein the determination unit is configured to scan the N candidate motion vectors sequentially, when a first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found, stop the scanning, and determine the reference motion vector according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition.
 
74. The device of claim 71 or 72, wherein the determination unit is configured to when no reference motion vectors that meets the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, scale the specific candidate motion vector in the motion vectors candidate list and determine the reference motion vectors according to a scaled specific candidate motion vector.
 
75. The device of claim 74, wherein the specific candidate motion vector is the first motion vector, or the last motion vector obtained according to a scanning order among the N candidate motion vectors.
 
76. The device of claim 74 or 75, wherein the determination unit is configured to scale the specific candidate motion vector of the motion vector candidate list to make the reference frame pointed to by the scaled specific candidate motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block and use the scaled specific candidate motion vector as the reference motion vector.
 
77. The device of claim 71 or 72, wherein the determination unit is configured to, when no reference motion vector meeting the preset condition is found among the N candidate motion vectors, use a default value as the reference motion vector.
 
78. The device of claim 77, wherein the default value is a motion vector (0, 0).
 
79. The device of any of claims 65-78, wherein the determination unit is configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-images blocks, determine a related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector, and determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.
 
80. The device of claim 79, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.
 
81. The device of claim 79, wherein the current image block is a coding unit CU.
 
82. The device of any claims 65-78, wherein determination unit is configured to determine the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector and determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the reference motion vector of the related block.
 
83. The device of any of claims 79-82, wherein determination unit is configured to, when the motion vector of the related block points to a specific reference image, or the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to a processed motion vector of the related block, where the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.
 
84. The device of claim 83, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
85. The device of any of claims 79-82, wherein the determination unit is configured to, when the motion vector of the related block points to the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is the specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.
 
86. The device of any of claims 10-12, wherein the determination unit is configured to, when the specific candidate motion vector points to a specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is a specific reference image, determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the processed specific candidate motion vector, wherein the processed specific candidate motion vector is the same as the specific candidate motion vector before processing.
 
87. The device of claim 86, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
88. The device of any of claims 74-76, wherein the determination unit is configure to, when the specific candidate motion vector points to a specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is a specific reference image, determine the candidate motion vector to be added to the motion vector candidate list without referencing to the specific candidate motion vector.
 
89. The device of any of claims 65-88, wherein the motion vector candidate list is a Merge candidate list.
 
90. The device of any of claims 65-89, wherein the reference image of the current image block is a collocated frame of the current image block.
 
91. The device of claim 70, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed at 8×8 pixels.
 
92. A device for obtaining a motion vector of a video image comprising:

an obtaining unit configured to obtain M candidate motion vectors for adding to a motion vector candidate list of a current image block;

a determination unit configured to sequentially scan at least some of the candidate motion vectors among the M candidate motion vectors and determine a reference motion vector according to the scan result;

a division unit configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, wherein a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels;

wherein:

the determination unit is further configured to determine a related block of the sub-block in a reference image of the current image block according to the reference motion vector;

the determination unit is further configured to determine candidate motion vectors to be added to the motion vector candidate list according to the motion vector of the related block.


 
93. The device of claim 92, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.
 
94. The device of claim 92, wherein the determination unit is configured to scan at least some of the candidate motion vectors sequentially, when a first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition is found, stop the scanning, and determine the reference motion vector according to the first scanned candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition.
 
95. The device of claim 94, wherein the determination unit is configured to use the first candidate motion vector that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.
 
96. The device of claim 94, wherein the preset condition includes that the reference image of the candidate motion vector is the same as the reference image of the current image block.
 
97. A device for processing video images comprising:

an obtaining unit configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of a current image block;

a determination unit configured to sequentially scan the N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determine a target neighboring block according to a scan result, wherein:

N is smaller than M;

the determination unit is further configurated to determine a related block of the current image block according to a motion vector of the target neighboring block, the current image block and a reference image of the current image block;

an encoding/decoding unit configured to encode/decode the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block of the current image block.


 
98. The device of claim 97, wherein M is equal to 4, and N is smaller than 4.
 
99. The device of claim 98, wherein N is equal to 1 or 2.
 
100. The device of any of claims 97-99, wherein the determination unit is configured to scan the first N neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially.
 
101. The device of claim 100, wherein the obtaining unit is configured to obtain the M neighboring blocks of the current image block sequentially in a preset order, wherein the first N neighboring blocks refer to the N neighboring blocks determined first in the preset order.
 
102. The device of any of claims 97-101, wherein the determination unit is configured to scan the N neighboring block sequentially, when a first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found, stop the scanning, and determine the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition.
 
103. The device of claim 102, wherein the determination unit is configured to use the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.
 
104. The device of claim 103, wherein the preset condition includes:
that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.
 
105. The device of any of claims 97-104, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to determine the reference block of the current image block according to the motion vector of the related block and the reference image.
 
106. The device of claim 105, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to construct a candidate block list of the current image block, wherein the candidate blocks in the candidate block list include the M neighboring blocks and the related blocks, and encode/decode the current image block according to the reference block of the candidate block in the candidate block list.
 
107. The device of any of claims 97-106, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to, when no neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, scale the motion vector of a specific neighboring block among the M neighboring blocks, and encode/decode the current image block according to a scaled motion vector.
 
108. The device of claim 107, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to determine the reference block of the current image block according to the scaled motion vector and the reference image of the current image block.
 
109. The device of claim 107, wherein the specific neighboring block is the first neighboring block, or the last neighboring block obtained according to a scanning order among the N neighboring blocks.
 
110. The device of claim 107, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to scale the motion vector of the specific neighboring block to make the reference frame pointed to by the scaled motion vector the same as the reference image of the current image block and use the image block pointed to by the scaled motion vector in the reference image of the current image block as the reference block of the current image block.
 
111. The device of any of claims 97-106, wherein the determination unit is configured to, when no neighboring block meeting the preset condition is found among the N neighboring blocks, use a default block as the reference block of the current image block.
 
112. The device of claim 111, wherein the default block is an image block pointed to by a motion vector (0, 0).
 
113. The device of any of claims 97-112, wherein the determination unit is configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, and determine the related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block, where the related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.
 
114. The device of claim 113, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the related block of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels.
 
115. The device of any of claims 97-114, wherein the current image block is a coding unit CU.
 
116. The device of any of claims 97-109, wherein the determination unit is configured to determine the related block of the current image block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block.
 
117. The device of any of claims 97-116, wherein the neighboring block is an image block adjacent to or having a certain distance to the current image block on the current image.
 
118. The device of any of claims 97-117, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to, when the reference image of the related block is the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the reference block of the current image block according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.
 
119. The device of claim 118, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
120. The device of any of claims 97-117, wherein the encoding/decoding unit is configured to, when the reference image of the related block is the specific reference image, or when the reference image of the current block is the specific reference image, determine the reference block of the current image block without referencing to the motion vector of the related block.
 
121. The device of any of claims 107-110, wherein the determination unit is configured to, when the motion vector of the specific neighboring block points to the specific reference image or when the reference image of the current image block is the specific reference image, determine the reference block of the current image block according to the processed motion vector of the related block and the reference image of the current image block, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block is the same as the motion vector of the related block before processing.
 
122. The device of claim 121, wherein the processed motion vector of the related block includes:

a motion vector obtained by scaling the motion vector of the related block according to a scaling factor of 1; or

a motion vector of the related block skipping the scaling process.


 
123. A device for processing video images comprising:

an obtaining unit configured to obtain M neighboring blocks of a current image block;

a determination unit configured to sequentially scan at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks and determine a target neighboring block according to a scan result;

a division unit configured to divide the current image block into multiple sub-blocks, wherein:

a size of the sub-block is fixed to be greater than or equal to 64 pixels;

the determination unit configured to determine a related block of the current image block in a reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block;

an encoding/decoding unit configured to encode/decode the current image block according to a motion vector of the related block.


 
124. The device of claim 123, wherein the size of the sub-block and/or the size of the time-domain reference block of the sub-block are both fixed at 8×8 pixels.
 
125. The device of claim 123, wherein scanning at least some of the neighboring blocks among the M neighboring blocks sequentially and determining the target neighboring block according to a scan result includes:
scanning the at least some of the neighboring blocks sequentially, when a first neighboring block that meets the preset condition is found, stopping the scanning, and determining the target neighboring block according to the first scanned neighboring block that meets the preset condition.
 
126. The device of claim 125, wherein the determination unit is configured to use the first neighboring block that meets the preset condition as the target neighboring block.
 
127. The device of claim 125, wherein the preset condition includes:
that the reference image of the neighboring block is the same as the reference image of the current image block.
 
128. The device of claim 123, wherein the determination unit is configured to determine the related block of the sub-block in the reference image of the current image block according to the motion vector of the target neighboring block and the sub-block, where the related block of the current image block includes the related block of the sub-block.
 
129. A device for processing video images comprising:

a processor configured to store instructions;

a memory configured to execute the instructions stored in the memory to perform the instruction stored in the memory to cause the processor to perform the method of any of claims 1-64.


 
130. A computer storage medium storing computer programs, wherein when the computer program is executed by a computer, the computer implements the method of any of claims 1-64.
 
131. A computer program product comprising instructions, wherein when the instructions are run on a computer, the computer executes the method of any of claims 1-64.
 




Drawing