(19)
(11)EP 3 787 123 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
03.03.2021 Bulletin 2021/09

(21)Application number: 19194135.0

(22)Date of filing:  28.08.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01R 4/64  (2006.01)
H01R 13/6592  (2011.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: ETEL S.A.
2112 Môtiers (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • Garcia-Herreros, Ivan
    2123 St. Sulpice (CH)
  • Chechenev, Dmitry
    2000 Neuchâtel (CH)

(74)Representative: P&TS SA (AG, Ltd.) 
Avenue J.-J. Rousseau 4 P.O. Box 2848
2001 Neuchâtel
2001 Neuchâtel (CH)

  


(54)CABLE SHIELD CONNECTING ASSEMBLY FOR ELECTRICAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SECURING AND GROUNDING A CABLE TO A CYLINDRICAL HOUSING OF AN ELECTRIC ROTARY MOTOR


(57) The present invention relates to a cable shield connecting assembly (10) for securing and grounding a cable (30) to the housing of an electrical device. The cable (30) comprises a cable jacket (32) and braided shielding (34) extending from an end portion of the cable jacket (32). The cable shield connecting assembly (10) comprises: i) a mounting plate (20) having a cavity (22) and an aperture (24) arranged on a bottom side of the cavity (22), and ii) a grommet (12) having an inner diameter inside which the end portion of the cable jacket (32) is fitted, and upper and lower portions (14a, 14b) extending on both sides of an edge of the aperture (24) of the mounting plate (20), wherein the upper portion (14a) of the grommet (12) is fitted inside the cavity (22). The cable shield connecting assembly (10) further comprises a clamp (16) pressed-fitted against the upper portion (14a) of the grommet (12) inside said cavity (22) to squeeze therebetween said braided shielding (34).




Description

Field of the invention



[0001] The present invention relates in general to a cable shield connecting assembly for securing and grounding cables to the housing of an electrical device and in particular for securing and grounding motor cables to the housing of an electric rotary motor. The present invention also relates to a method for securing and grounding motor cables to the housing of an electric rotary motor.

Background of the invention



[0002] Cables are conventionally connected to the housing of electrical devices using cable glands of the type shown in Figure 1 and disclosed for example in EP0203263 and CA1179029. Cable glands CG not only provide mechanical assembly of the cables to the housing of electrical devices but can also be used for cable shield grounding to the housing H of the electrical devices. However, in electric rotary motors for example, cable glands are screwed to a mounting plate MP which is then fixed in a cut-out portion 28 provided on an upper ring 26 of a cylindrical housing 25 as shown in Figure 5. The mounting plate MP requires a certain thickness to ensure a robust connection with the cable glands. In addition, shielding the cable through a cable gland is a rather laborious operation since the braided shielding must be adjusted and fixed inside the cable gland and excess braided shielding must be cut manually thereafter. Moreover, cable glands are expensive.

[0003] Grommets of the type shown in Figure 3 and disclosed for example in US4905940 and DE19701959 have been used to mitigate the above disadvantages of the cable glands as they offer a more compact solution at a reduced cost. Grommets G are also assembled to a mounting plate MP which is then fixed in the cut-out portion 28 of the upper ring 26 of the electric motor housing 25 of Figure 5.

[0004] However, as shown in Figure 4, braided shielding needs to be grounded somehow to the housing H of the electric rotary motor for electrical safety as the grommet G is made of insulating material. A clamp shielding fixation is therefore required, whereby a clamp C is screwed against a side of the mounting plate MP to squeeze therebetween braided shielding BS to ensure proper grounding of the cables. The clamp shielding fixation protrudes downwardly inside the motor housing once the mounting plate MP is fixed in the cut-out portion 28 of the electric motor housing 25. This protruding part is detrimental to the size of the motor since a minimum distance between adjacent metal portions within the housing is required for electrical safety reasons.

[0005] An aim of the present invention is therefore to provide a cable shield connecting assembly for securing and grounding a cable to the housing of an electrical device, in particular to the housing of an electric rotary motor, which addresses the above problems.

[0006] More particularly, an aim of the present invention is to provide a cable shield connecting assembly which has a more compact configuration over the above-described cable fixations.

[0007] Another aim of the present invention is to provide a cable shield connecting assembly which is easier to assemble over the above-described cable fixations.

[0008] Another aim of the present invention is to provide a cable shield connecting assembly at a reduced cost.

[0009] A further aim of the present invention is to provide a method for securing and grounding motor cables to an electric rotary motor.

Brief summary of the invention



[0010] These aims are achieved by a cable shield connecting assembly for securing and grounding a cable to the housing of an electrical device. The cable comprises a cable jacket and braided shielding extending from an end portion of the cable jacket. The cable shield connecting assembly comprises
  • a mounting plate having a cavity and an aperture arranged on a bottom side of the cavity, and
  • a grommet having an inner diameter inside which the end portion of the cable jacket is fitted, and upper and lower portions extending on both sides of an edge of the aperture of the mounting plate, wherein the upper portion of the grommet is fitted inside said cavity.
The cable shield connecting assembly further comprises a clamp pressed-fitted against the upper portion of the grommet inside the cavity to squeeze therebetween said braided shielding.

[0011] In an embodiment, the clamp comprises a chamfer press-fitted against the upper portion of the grommet.

[0012] In an embodiment, the grommet comprises two radially extending flanges resting on a circular edge of the aperture.

[0013] In an embodiment, the clamp is a washer.

[0014] In an embodiment, the mounting plate comprises a fixing portion configured to be fixed inside a cut-out portion of a cylindrical housing of an electric rotary motor and a cable receiving portion configured to extend radially inwardly inside said cylindrical housing.

[0015] Another aspect of the invention relates to an electric rotary motor comprising a cylindrical housing having a cut-out portion inside which is mounted the mounting plate of the cable shield connecting assembly as described above.

[0016] In an embodiment, the fixing portion of the mounting plate is mounted inside said cut-out portion while the cable receiving portion of the mounting plate extends radially inwardly inside the cylindrical housing.

[0017] Another aspect of the invention relates to a method of securing and grounding a cable to a cylindrical housing of an electric rotary motor. The method comprising the following steps:
  • securing a grommet to a mounting plate comprising a cavity and an aperture arranged on a bottom side of said cavity, wherein an upper and a lower portion of the grommet extend on both sides of an edge of the aperture with the upper portion of the grommet fitted inside the cavity of the mounting plate,
  • providing a cable comprising a cable jacket and braided shielding extending from an end portion of the cable jacket,
  • adjusting said cable jacket along the inner diameter of the grommet such that said braided shielding extends inside and outside said cavity,
  • adjusting and press-fitting a clamp inside said cavity against the upper portion of the grommet, thereby cutting the excess length of the braided shielding , and
  • fixing the mounting plate to the cylindrical housing of the electric rotary motor.


[0018] In an embodiment, the clamp is a washer with an outer diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the cavity.

[0019] In an embodiment, the cylindrical housing comprises an upper ring having a cut-out portion inside which is mounting a fixing portion of the mounting plate. The mounting plate comprises a cable receiving portion extending radially inwardly inside the cylindrical housing.

Brief description of the drawings



[0020] The invention will be better understood with the aid of the description of an embodiment and illustrated by the figures, in which:
  • Figure 1 shows an elevation view of cable glands assembled to a mounting plate screwed on a housing ring of an electric rotary motor according to the prior art;
  • Figure 2 shows a perspective view of the cable glands and the mounting plate of Figure 1,
  • Figure 3 shows an elevation view of grommets assembled to a mounting plate screwed on a cylindrical housing of an electric rotary motor according to the prior art;
  • Figure 4 shows a cross-sectional view of a grommet and the mounting plate of Figure 3,
  • Figure 5 shows a perspective view of an electric motor housing comprising a cut-out portion on an upper side for receiving a mounting plate of a cable shield connecting assembly according to an embodiment of the invention,
  • Figures 6 shows a perspective view of the cable shield connecting assembly according to an embodiment of the invention,
  • Figure 7 shows a cross-sectional view of Figure 6 across one cavity of a mounting plate before assembly of a washer against a grommet,
  • Figure 8 shows a similar view of Figure 7 after assembly of the washer against the grommet, and
  • Figure 9 shows a partial bottom view of the cable shield connecting assembly of Figure 6 with a cross-section of the mounting plate across one cavity.

Detailed description of an embodiment of the invention



[0021] The cable shield connecting assembly 10 as shown in Figures 6 to 9 is configured to mechanically assemble and ground a cable 30 to a mounting plate 20. The mounting plate 20 comprises a fixing portion 20a comprising screw holes 21 and a cable receiving portion 20b comprising a circular cavity 22 with a circular opening 24 located on a bottom side of the circular cavity 22.

[0022] The cable 30 comprises a cable jacket 32 and braided shielding 34 having inner cores and extending from an end portion of the cable jacket 32. The cable shield connecting assembly 10 comprises a grommet 12 having an upper and a lower portion 14a, 14b. These portions are configured to extend on both sides of an edge of the circular opening 24 of the mounting plate 20 in order to secure the grommet 12 to the mounting plate 20, wherein the upper portion 14a of the grommet 12 is fitted inside the cavity 22 of the mounting plate 20.

[0023] The grommet 12 comprises an inner diameter inside which the cable jacket 32 of the cable 30 is adjusted such that the braided shielding 34 extends inside and outside the circular cavity 22 of the mounting plate 20. A clamp 16, which may be for example a washer, is mounted inside the circular cavity 22. The outer diameter of the washer 16 is slightly larger than the diameter of the circular cavity 22 such that the washer16 may be press-fitted inside the cavity in order to firmly fix the upper portion 14a of the grommet 12 inside the cavity.

[0024] The washer 16 comprises a chamfer 16a on a portion of its inner diameter. The chamfer 16a is designed to press against the upper portion 14a of the grommet 12 to create electrical contact with the braided shielding 34 and deform the grommet 12 to seal the cable end portion.

[0025] When the washer 16 is press-fitted inside the circular cavity 22, the outer edge of the washer 16 and the circular cavity 22 are sharp enough to cut the excess length of the braided shielding 34, thereby reducing labor cost. The fixing portion 20a of the mounting plate 20 is then fixed by means of screws inside a cut-out portion 28 provided on an upper ring 26 of a cylindrical housing 25 of an electric rotary motor as shown in Figure 5. The cable receiving portion 20b extends radially inwardly inside the cylindrical housing 25 of the electric rotary motor.

[0026] The cable shield connecting assembly 10 as described above provides several advantages. The cost for securing and grounding the cable end portion is reduced as the machining of additional elements, for example threaded holes for securing the cable end portion to the mounting plate 20, is removed. The washer may be made using for example a Swiss lathe, thereby reducing the cost of the washer.

[0027] In addition, the clamp C of Figure 4 for grounding the cable to the mounting plate is removed. Removing the clamp C inside the motor housing allows to either make cabling inside the motor housing easier to perform, reduce the height of the motor, or add further laminations to the motor to improve its performance.

[0028] Various modifications may be brought to the cable shield connecting assembly 10 as described above without departing from the scope of the appended claims. For example, the cavity 22 does not need to be circular and may have for instance a square shape. In that case, the clamping function is achieved by press-fitting a clamp of a corresponding outer shape rather than using a washer.

Reference list



[0029] 

Cable shield connecting assembly 10

Grommet 12

Inner diameter

First and second radially extending flanges 14a, 14b

Clamp 16
Washer

Inner diameter

Chamfer 16a

Mounting plate 20

Fixing portion 20a
Screw holes 21

Cable receiving portion 20b

Cavity 22
Circular cavity

Aperture 24
Circular opening

Electrical device
Cylindrical housing 25

Upper ring 26

Cut-out portion 28

Electrical cable 30

Cable jacket 32

Braided shielding 34
Inner cores




Claims

1. Cable shield connecting assembly (10) for securing and grounding a cable (30) to the housing of an electrical device,
the cable (30) comprising a cable jacket (32) and braided shielding (34) extending from an end portion of the cable jacket (32),
wherein the cable shield connecting assembly (10) comprises

- a mounting plate (20) having a cavity (22) and an aperture (24) arranged on a bottom side of the cavity (22), and

- a grommet (12) having an inner diameter inside which the end portion of the cable jacket (32) is fitted, and upper and lower portions (14a, 14b) extending on both sides of an edge of the aperture (24) of the mounting plate (20), wherein the upper portion (14a) of the grommet (12) is fitted inside the cavity (22),

wherein the cable shield connecting assembly (10) further comprises a clamp (16) pressed-fitted against the upper portion (14a) of the grommet (12) inside said cavity (22) to squeeze therebetween said braided shielding (34).
 
2. Cable shield connecting assembly (10) according to the preceding claim, wherein the clamp (16) comprises a chamfer (16a) press-fitted against the upper portion (14a) of the grommet (12).
 
3. Cable shield connecting assembly (10) according to any preceding claim, wherein the grommet (12) comprises two radially extending flanges resting on a circular edge of the aperture (24).
 
4. Cable shield connecting assembly (10) according to the preceding claim, wherein the clamp is a washer (16).
 
5. Cable shield connecting assembly (10) according to any preceding claim, wherein the mounting plate (20) comprises a fixing portion (20a) configured to be fixed inside a cut-out portion (28) of a cylindrical housing of an electric rotary motor and a cable receiving portion (20b) configured to extend radially inwardly inside said cylindrical housing.
 
6. Electric rotary motor comprising a cylindrical housing having a cut-out portion (28) inside which is mounted the mounting plate (20) of the cable shield connecting assembly (10) according to the preceding claim.
 
7. Electric rotary motor according to the preceding claim, wherein the fixing portion (20a) of the mounting plate (20) is mounted inside said cut-out portion (28) while the cable receiving portion (20b) of the mounting plate (28) extends radially inwardly inside the cylindrical housing (25).
 
8. Method of securing and grounding a cable to a cylindrical housing of an electric rotary motor, comprising the steps of:

- securing a grommet (12) to a mounting plate (20) comprising a cavity (22) and an aperture (24) arranged on a bottom side of said cavity (22), wherein an upper and a lower portion (14a, 14b) of the grommet extend on both sides of an edge of the aperture (24) with said upper portion (14a) fitted inside the cavity (22) of the mounting plate,

- providing a cable (30) with a cable jacket (32) and braided shielding (34) extending from an end portion of the cable jacket (32),

- adjusting said cable jacket (32) along the inner diameter of the grommet (12) such that said braided shielding (34) extends inside and outside said cavity (22),

- adjusting and press-fitting a clamp (16) inside said cavity (22) against the upper portion (14a) of the grommet (12), thereby cutting the excess length of the braided shielding (34), and

- fixing the mounting plate (28) to the cylindrical housing of the electric rotary motor.


 
9. Method according to the preceding claim, wherein the clamp is a washer (16) with an outer diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the cavity.
 
10. Method according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the cylindrical housing (25) comprises an upper ring (26) having a cut-out portion (28) inside which is mounting a fixing portion (20a) of the mounting plate (20), said mounting plate (20) comprising a cable receiving portion (20b) extending radially inwardly inside the cylindrical housing.
 




Drawing

















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description