(19)
(11)EP 3 798 264 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
31.03.2021 Bulletin 2021/13

(21)Application number: 19200087.5

(22)Date of filing:  27.09.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C08L 69/00  (2006.01)
C08L 27/18  (2006.01)
C08K 5/49  (2006.01)
C08G 64/04  (2006.01)
C08G 64/12  (2006.01)
C08L 83/10  (2006.01)
C08K 7/14  (2006.01)
C08K 5/52  (2006.01)
C08G 63/64  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: SHPP Global Technologies B.V.
4612 PX Bergen op Zoom (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • Schwartz, Erik
    Bergen op Zoom (NL)
  • Goossens, Johannes (Jan) Martinus Dina
    Bergen op Zoom (NL)
  • Goossens, Johannes (Han) Gerardus Petrus
    Bergen op Zoom (NL)
  • Micciche, Fabrizio
    Bergen op Zoom (NL)
  • Ramakrishnan, Vaidyanath
    Bergen op Zoom (NL)
  • Van de Grampel, Robert Dirk
    Bergen op Zoom (NL)

(74)Representative: Balder IP Law, S.L. 
Paseo de la Castellana 93 5ª planta
28046 Madrid
28046 Madrid (ES)

  


(54)REINFORCED FLAME RETARDANT POLYCARBONATE COMPOSITIONS WITH NANOSTRUCTURED FLUOROPOLYMER FOR THIN WALL APPLICATIONS


(57) A reinforced polycarbonate composition comprising: 10-90 wt% of a polycarbonate component comprising a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole; a high heat copolycarbonate having a glass transition temperature of 170 °C or higher; or a combination thereof; 5-45 wt% of a poly(carbonate-siloxane); 0.001-1.0 wt% of a nanostructured fluoropolymer; 5-45 wt% of a reinforcing fiber, preferably glass fibers; an organophosphorus flame retardant present in an amount effective to provide 0.1-1.5 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant; wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%, wherein a molded sample has a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, and a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C.


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] This disclosure relates to polycarbonate compositions, and in particular to reinforced polycarbonate compositions, methods of manufacture, and uses thereof.

[0002] Polycarbonates are useful in the manufacture of articles and components for a wide range of applications, from automotive parts to electronic appliances. Reinforced polycarbonate compositions, i.e., polycarbonate compositions comprising reinforcing fillers, can provide additional strength and other advantageous properties. Because of their broad use, particularly in electronics, it is desirable to provide reinforced polycarbonate compositions with improved flame retardance.

[0003] There accordingly remains a need in the art for reinforced polycarbonate compositions having high flame retardance. It would be a further advantage if the compositions had improved flammability ratings and impact resistance at very low thicknesses.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION



[0004] The above-described and other deficiencies of the art are met by a reinforced polycarbonate composition comprising: 10-90 wt% of a polycarbonate component comprising a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards; a high heat copolycarbonate having a glass transition temperature of 170 °C or higher determined per ASTM D3418 with a 20 °C per minute heating rate; or a combination thereof; 5-45 wt% of a poly(carbonate-siloxane); 0.001-1.0 wt% of a nanostructured fluoropolymer; 5-45 wt% of a reinforcing fiber, preferably glass fibers; an organophosphorus flame retardant present in an amount effective to provide 0.1-1.5 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant; optionally, 0.1-10.0 wt% of an additive composition, wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%, wherein a molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition has a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, and a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C as measured according to the ISO-75 standard at 1.8 megapascal.

[0005] In another aspect, a method of manufacture comprises combining the above-described components to form a reinforced polycarbonate composition.

[0006] In yet another aspect, an article comprises the above-described reinforced polycarbonate composition.

[0007] In still another aspect, a method of manufacture of an article comprises molding, extruding, or shaping the above-described reinforced polycarbonate composition into an article.

[0008] The above described and other features are exemplified by the following drawings, detailed description, examples, and claims.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0009] There is a need for thin-walled articles made from reinforced, flame retardant polycarbonate compositions having high heat resistance, while maintaining mechanical properties such as flexural strength and flexural modulus. In particular, compositions for thin-walled articles are needed having a heat distortion temperature (HDT) of greater than 120 °C and a UL-94 flammability rating of V0 at a 0.8 mm (mm) thickness, V0 at a 0.6 mm thickness, or V0 at a 0.4 mm thickness. In addition, there is an increasing demand for more environmentally friendly polycarbonate compositions without bromine and chlorine. Some commercially available chlorine-free and bromine-free polycarbonate compositions that include flame retardants such as Rimar salt or poly(tetrafluoroethylene) have good heat resistance and impact properties, but do not possess adequate flammability ratings at low thicknesses, less than 1 mm, for example. Other commercially available polycarbonate compositions that include chlorine-free and bromine-free flame retardants possess good flammability ratings at low thicknesses, but these materials have insufficient heat resistance for some high heat applications. For example, it is known that phosphonate or phosphazene flame retardants can decrease the heat resistance of polycarbonate compositions.

[0010] Surprisingly and unexpectedly, the inventors hereof have discovered reinforced polycarbonate compositions having high heat resistance, flammability ratings of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or 0.6 mm, or 0.4 mm, and good impact properties. These compositions comprise a polycarbonate component comprising a homopolycarbonate, a high heat copolycarbonate, or a combination thereof; a poly(carbonate-siloxane); an organophosphorus flame retardant; a nanostructured fluoropolymer; and reinforcing fibers.

[0011] A molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition has a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C measured according to the ISO-75 standard and a load of 1.8 megapascals and flame test rating of V0, as measured according to UL-94 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, at a thickness of 0.4 mm, or a combination thereof.

[0012] The individual components of the reinforced polycarbonate compositions are described in further detail below.

[0013] "Polycarbonate" as used herein means a polymer having repeating structural carbonate units of formula (1)

in which at least 60 percent of the total number of R1 groups contain aromatic moieties and the balance thereof are aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic. In an aspect, each R1 is a C6-30 aromatic group, that is, contains at least one aromatic moiety. R1 can be derived from an aromatic dihydroxy compound of the formula HO-R1-OH, in particular of the formula

         HO-A1-Y1-A2-OH

wherein each of A1 and A2 is a monocyclic divalent aromatic group and Y1 is a single bond or a bridging group having one or more atoms that separate A1 from A2. In an aspect, one atom separates A1 from A2. Specifically, each R1 can be derived from a bisphenol of formula (2)

wherein Ra and Rb are each independently a halogen, C1-12 alkoxy, or C1-12 alkyl, and p and q are each independently integers of 0-4. It will be understood that when p or q is less than 4, the valence of each carbon of the ring is filled by hydrogen. Also in formula (2), Xa is a C1-60 bridging group connecting the two hydroxy-substituted aromatic groups, where the bridging group and the hydroxy substituent of each C6 arylene group are disposed ortho, meta, or para (specifically para) to each other on the C6 arylene group. In an aspect, the bridging group Xa is single bond, -O-, -S-, -S(O)-, -S(O)2-, -C(O)-, or a C1-60 organic group. The C1-60 organic bridging group can be cyclic or acyclic, aromatic or non-aromatic, and can further comprise heteroatoms such as halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, silicon, or phosphorous. The C1-60 organic group can be disposed such that the C6 arylene groups connected thereto are each connected to a common alkylidene carbon or to different carbons of the C1-60 organic bridging group. In an aspect, p and q is each 1, and Ra and Rb are each a C1-3 alkyl group, specifically methyl, disposed meta to the hydroxy group on each arylene group.

[0014] The reinforced polycarbonate compositions include polycarbonate component comprising a homopolycarbonate (wherein each R1 in the polymer is the same), a high heat copolycarbonate, or a combination thereof, and a poly(carbonate-siloxane). In an aspect, the homopolycarbonate in the reinforced composition is derived from a bisphenol of formula (2), preferably bisphenol A, in which each of A1 and A2 is p-phenylene and Y1 is isopropylidene in formula (2). The homopolycarbonate can have an intrinsic viscosity, as determined in chloroform at 25°C, of 0.3-1.5 deciliters per gram (dl/gm), preferably 0.45-1.0 dl/gm. The homopolycarbonate can have a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of 15,000-40,000 grams per mol (g/mol), as measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), using a crosslinked styrene-divinylbenzene column and calibrated to bisphenol A homopolycarbonate references. GPC samples are prepared at a concentration of 1 mg per ml and are eluted at a flow rate of 1.5 ml per minute. In some aspects, the homopolycarbonate is a bisphenol A homopolycarbonate having an Mw of 18,000-35,000 grams/mole, preferably 20,000-25,000 g/mol; or a bisphenol A homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight of 25,000-35,000 g/mol, preferably 27,000-32,000 g/mol; or a combination thereof, each as measured as described above.

[0015] The reinforced polycarbonate compositions further include a high heat copolycarbonate, which as used herein means a polycarbonate having a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 170 °C or higher, determined per ASTM D3418 with a 20 °C/min heating rate. The high heat copolycarbonate can be an aromatic poly(ester-carbonate). Such polycarbonates further contain, in addition to recurring carbonate units of formula (1), repeating ester units of formula (3)

wherein J is a divalent group derived from an aromatic dihydroxy compound (including a reactive derivative thereof), such as a bisphenol of formula (2), e.g., bisphenol A; and T is a divalent group derived from an aromatic dicarboxylic acid (including a reactive derivative thereof), preferably isophthalic or terephthalic acid wherein the weight ratio of isophthalic acid to terephthalic acid is 91:9 to 2:98. Copolyesters containing a combination of different T or J groups can be used. The polyester units can be branched or linear.

[0016] In an aspect, J is derived from a bisphenol of formula (2), e.g., bisphenol A. In an aspect, a portion of the groups J, for example up to 20 mole percent (mol%) can be an aromatic dihydroxy compound, e.g., resorcinol, or C2-30 alkylene group having a straight chain, branched chain, or cyclic (including polycyclic) structure, for example ethylene, n-propylene, i-propylene, 1,4-butylene, 1,4-cyclohexylene, or 1,4-methylenecyclohexane. Preferably, all J groups are bisphenol groups of formula (2).

[0017] Aromatic dicarboxylic acids that can be used to prepare the polyester units include isophthalic or terephthalic acid, 1,2-di(p-carboxyphenyl)ethane, 4,4'-dicarboxydiphenyl ether, 4,4'-bisbenzoic acid, or a combination thereof. Acids containing fused rings can also be present, such as in 1,4-, 1,5-, or 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acids. Specific dicarboxylic acids include terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, naphthalene dicarboxylic acid, or a combination thereof. A specific dicarboxylic acid comprises a combination of isophthalic acid and terephthalic acid wherein the weight ratio of isophthalic acid to terephthalic acid is 91:9 to 2:98. A portion of the groups T, for example up to 20 mol%, can be aliphatic, for example derived from 1,4-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid. Preferably all T groups are aromatic.

[0018] The molar ratio of ester units to carbonate units in the polycarbonates can vary broadly, for example 1:99 to 99:1, preferably 10:90 to 90:10, more preferably 25:75 to 75:25, or 2:98 to 15:85, depending on the desired properties of the final composition.

[0019] Specific poly(ester-carbonate)s are those including bisphenol A carbonate units and isophthalate/terephthalate-bisphenol A ester units, i.e., a poly(bisphenol A carbonate)-co-(bisphenol A-phthalate-ester) of formula (4a)

wherein x and y represent the wt% of bisphenol A carbonate units and isophthalate/terephthalate -bisphenol A ester units, respectively. Generally, the units are present as blocks. In an aspect, the weight ratio of carbonate units x to ester units y in the polycarbonates is 1:99 to 50:50, or 5:95 to 25:75, or 10:90 to 45:55. Copolymers of formula (5) comprising 35-45 wt% of carbonate units and 55-65 wt% of ester units, wherein the ester units have a molar ratio of isophthalate to terephthalate of 45:55 to 55:45 are often referred to as poly(carbonate-ester)s (PCE). Copolymers comprising 15-25 wt% of carbonate units and 75-85 wt% of ester units, wherein the ester units have a molar ratio of isophthalate to terephthalate from 98:2 to 88:12 are often referred to as poly(phthalate-carbonate)s (PPC).

[0020] The high heat poly(ester-carbonate)s can have an Mw of 2,000-100,000 g/mol, preferably 3,000-75,000 g/mol, more preferably 4,000-50,000 g/mol, more preferably 5,000-35,000 g/mol, and still more preferably 17,000-30,000 g/mol. Molecular weight determinations are performed using GPC using a crosslinked styrene-divinyl benzene column, at a sample concentration of 1 milligram per milliliter, and as calibrated with bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards. Samples are eluted at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min with methylene chloride as the eluent.

[0021] Another type of high heat copolycarbonate that can be used includes a high heat carbonate group, optionally together with a low heat carbonate group. A combination of different high heat groups or low heat groups can be used.

[0022] The low heat carbonate group can be derived from bisphenols of formula (2) as described above wherein Xa is a C1-18 bridging group. For example, Xa can be a C3-6 cycloalkylidene, a C1-6 alkylidene of the formula -C(Rc)(Rd)- wherein Rc and Rd are each independently hydrogen, C1-5 alkyl, or a group of the formula -C(=Re)- wherein Re is a divalent C1-5 hydrocarbon group. Some illustrative examples of dihydroxy compounds that can be used in the manufacture of the low heat monomer units are described, for example, in WO 2013/175448 A1, US 2014/0295363, and WO 2014/072923. In an aspect, the low heat carbonate group is derived from bisphenol A, which provides the low heat group of the following formula.



[0023] The high heat carbonate group is derived from a high heat bisphenol monomer. As used herein, a high heat bisphenol monomer is a monomer where the corresponding homopolycarbonate of the monomer has a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 170°C or higher, determined per ASTM D3418 with a 20 °C/min heating rate. Examples of such high heat bisphenol groups include groups of formulas (6) to (12)





wherein Rc and Rd are each independently a C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, or C1-12 alkoxy, each Rf is hydrogen or both Rf together are a carbonyl group, each R3 is independently C1-6 alkyl, R4 is hydrogen, C1-6 alkyl, or phenyl optionally substituted with 1-5 C1-6 alkyl groups, each R6 is independently C1-3 alkyl, or phenyl, preferably methyl, Xa is a C6-12 polycyclic aryl, C3-18 mono- or polycycloalkylene, C3-18 mono- or polycycloalkylidene, -C(Rh)(Rg)- wherein Rh is hydrogen, C1-12 alkyl, or C6-12 aryl and Rg is C6-10 alkyl, C6-8 cycloalkyl, or C6-12 aryl, or-(Q1)x-G-(Q2)y- wherein Q1 and Q2 are each independently a C1-3 alkylene, G is a C3-10 cycloalkylene, x is 0 or 1, and y is 1, and j, m and n are each independently 0-4, or 0 or 1. A combination of high heat bisphenol groups can be used.

[0024] In an aspect in formulas (6)-(12), Rc and Rd are each independently a C1-3 alkyl, or C1-3 alkoxy, each R6 is methyl, each R3 is independently C1-3 alkyl, R4 is methyl, or phenyl, each R6 is independently C1-3 alkyl or phenyl, preferably methyl, Xa is a C6-12 polycyclic aryl, C3-18 mono- or polycycloalkylene, C3-18 mono- or polycycloalkylidene, -C(Rf)(Rg)- wherein Rf is hydrogen, C1-12 alkyl, or C6-12 aryl and Rg is C6-10 alkyl, C6-8 cycloalkyl, or C6-12 aryl, or-(Q1)x-G-(Q2)y- group, wherein Q1 and Q2 are each independently a C1-3 alkylene and G is a C3-10 cycloalkylene, x is 0 or 1, and y is 0 or 1, and j, m, and n are each independently 0 or 1.

[0025] Exemplary high heat bisphenol groups are shown below







wherein Rc and Rd are the same as defined for formulas (6) to (12), each R2 is independently C1-4 alkyl, m and n are each independently 0-4, each R3 is independently C1-4 alkyl or hydrogen, R4 is C1-6 alkyl or phenyl optionally substituted with 1-5 C1-6 alkyl groups, and g is 0-10. In a specific aspect each bond of the bisphenol group is located para to the linking group that is Xa. In an aspect, Rc and Rd are each independently a C1-3 alkyl, or C1-3 alkoxy, each R2 is methyl, x is 0 or 1, y is 1, and m and n are each independently 0 or 1.

[0026] The high heat bisphenol group is preferably of formula (11a-2) or (12a-2)

wherein R4 is methyl or phenyl, each R2 is methyl, and g is 1-4. Preferably, the high heat bisphenol group is derived from N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol (PPPBP, also known as 2-phenyl-3,3'-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)) or from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane (BP-TMC).



[0027] This high heat copolycarbonates can include 0-90 mol%, or 10-80 mol% of low heat aromatic carbonate units, preferably bisphenol A carbonate units; and 10-100 mol%, preferably 20-90 mol% of high heat aromatic carbonate units, even more preferably wherein the high heat carbonate units are derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane,, 4,4-(1-phenylethylidene)bisphenol, 4,4'-(3,3-dimethyl-2,2-dihydro-1H-indene-1,1-diyl)diphenol, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclododecane, 3,8-dihydroxy-5a,10b-diphenyl-coumarano-2',3',2,3-coumarane, or a combination thereof, wherein each amount is based on the total moles of the carbonate units, which sums to 100 mol%.

[0028] In certain aspects, the high heat copolycarbonate includes 60-80 mol% of bisphenol A carbonate units and 20-40 mol% of high heat aromatic carbonate units derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, or a combination thereof, wherein each amount is based on the total moles of the carbonate units, which sums to 100 mol%.

[0029] The reinforced polycarbonate composition includes 10-90 wt% of a polycarbonate component comprising a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards; a high heat copolycarbonate having a glass transition temperature of 170 °C or higher determined per ASTM D3418 with a 20 °C per minute heating rate; or a combination thereof. When present, the amount of homopolycarbonate can range from 10-90 wt%, or 30-60 wt%, or 30-40 wt% based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition. When present, the amount of high heat copolycarbonate can range from 10-90 wt%, or 10-40 wt%, or 20-40 wt% based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition. In an aspect, the homopolycarbonate is absent. In another aspect, the high heat copolycarbonate is absent.

[0030] The high heat copolycarbonates comprising high heat carbonate units can have an Mw of 10,000-50,000 g/mol, or 16,000-300,000 g/mol, as measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), using a crosslinked styrene-divinylbenzene column and calibrated to bisphenol A homopolycarbonate references. GPC samples are prepared at a concentration of 1 mg per ml and are eluted at a flow rate of 1.5 ml per minute.

[0031] The reinforced polycarbonate composition comprises a poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer. The polysiloxane blocks comprise repeating diorganosiloxane units as in formula (13)

wherein each R is independently a C1-13 monovalent organic group. For example, R can be a C1- 13 alkyl, C1-13 alkoxy, C2-13 alkenyl, C2-13 alkenyloxy, C3-6 cycloalkyl, C3-6 cycloalkoxy, C6-14 aryl, C6-10 aryloxy, C7-13 arylalkylene, C7-13 arylalkylenoxy, C7-13 alkylarylene, or C7-13 alkylaryleneoxy. The foregoing groups can be fully or partially halogenated with fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine, or a combination thereof. In an aspect, where a transparent poly(carbonate-siloxane) is desired, R is unsubstituted by halogen. Combinations of the foregoing R groups can be used in the same copolymer.

[0032] The value of E in formula (13) can vary widely depending on the type and relative amount of each component in the reinforced polycarbonate composition, the desired properties of the composition, and like considerations. Generally, E has an average value of 2-1,000, specifically 2-500, 2-200, or 2-125, 5-80, or 10-70. In an aspect, E has an average value of 10-80 or 10-40, and in still another aspect, E has an average value of 40-80, or 40-70. Where E is of a lower value, e.g., less than 40, it can be desirable to use a relatively larger amount of the poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer. Conversely, where E is of a higher value, e.g., greater than 40, a relatively lower amount of the poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer can be used.

[0033] In an aspect, the polysiloxane blocks are of formula (14)

wherein E and R are as defined in formula (13); and Ar can be the same or different, and is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-30 arylene, wherein the bonds are directly connected to an aromatic moiety. Ar groups in formula (14) can be the same or different, and can be derived from a C6-30 dihydroxyarylene compound, for example a bisphenol compound of formula (2). Exemplary dihydroxyarylene compounds are 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)methane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) ethane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)butane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)octane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) n-butane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-1-methylphenyl)propane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclohexane, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl sulfide), and 1,1-bis(4-hydroxy-t-butylphenyl)propane.

[0034] In another aspect, the polysiloxane blocks are of formula (15)

wherein E and R are as defined in formula (13), and each R5 is independently a divalent C1-30 organic group, and wherein the polymerized polysiloxane unit is the reaction residue of its corresponding dihydroxy compound. In a specific aspect, the polysiloxane blocks are of formula (16):

wherein R and E are as defined above. R6 in formula (16) is a divalent C2-8 aliphatic group. Each M in formula (14) can be the same or different, and can be a halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-8 alkylthio, C1-8 alkyl, C1-8 alkoxy, C2-8 alkenyl, C2-8 alkenyloxy, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C3-8 cycloalkoxy, C6-10 aryl, C6-10 aryloxy, C7-12 aralkyl, C7-12 aralkoxy, C7-12 alkylaryl, or C7-12 alkylaryloxy, wherein each n is independently 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4.

[0035] In an aspect, M is bromo or chloro, an alkyl such as methyl, ethyl, or propyl, an alkoxy such as methoxy, ethoxy, or propoxy, or an aryl such as phenyl, chlorophenyl, or tolyl; R6 is a dimethylene, trimethylene or tetramethylene; and R is a C1-8 alkyl, haloalkyl such as trifluoropropyl, cyanoalkyl, or aryl such as phenyl, chlorophenyl or tolyl. In another aspect, R is methyl, or a combination of methyl and trifluoropropyl, or a combination of methyl and phenyl. In still another aspect, R is methyl, M is methoxy, n is one, and R6 is a divalent C1-3 aliphatic group. Specific polysiloxane blocks are of the formulas



or a combination thereof, wherein E has an average value of 2-200, 2-125, 5-125, 5-100, 5-50, 20-80, or 5-20.

[0036] The poly(carbonate-siloxane)s can comprise 50-99 wt% of carbonate units and 1-50 wt% siloxane units. Within this range, the poly(carbonate-siloxane) can comprise 70-98 wt%, more specifically 75-97 wt% of carbonate units and 2-30 wt%, more specifically 3-25 wt% siloxane units. The poly(carbonate-siloxane) can be present from 5-45 wt%, or 5-30 wt%, based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition.

[0037] The poly(carbonate-siloxane)s can have an Mw of 2,000-100,000 g/mol, specifically 5,000-50,000 g/mol as measured by gel permeation chromatography using a crosslinked styrene-divinyl benzene column, at a sample concentration of 1 milligram per milliliter, and as calibrated with bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards. The poly(carbonate-siloxane)s can have a melt volume flow rate, measured at 300°C/1.2 kg, of 1-50 cubic centimeters per 10 minutes (cc/10 min), specifically 2-30 cc/10 min. Combinations of poly(carbonate-siloxane)s of different flow properties can be used to achieve the overall desired flow property.

[0038] The polycarbonates can be manufactured by processes such as interfacial polymerization and melt polymerization, which are known, and are described, for example, in WO 2013/175448 A1 and WO 2014/072923 A1. An end-capping agent (also referred to as a chain stopper agent or chain terminating agent) can be included during polymerization to provide end groups, for example monocyclic phenols such as phenol, p-cyanophenol, and C1-22 alkyl-substituted phenols such as p-cumyl-phenol, resorcinol monobenzoate, and p-and tertiarybutyl phenol, monoethers of diphenols, such as p-methoxyphenol, monoesters of diphenols such as resorcinol monobenzoate, functionalized chlorides of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids such as acryloyl chloride and methacryloyl chloride, and mono-chloroformates such as phenyl chloroformate, alkyl-substituted phenyl chloroformates, p-cumyl phenyl chloroformate, and toluene chloroformate. Combinations of different end groups can be used. Branched polycarbonate blocks can be prepared by adding a branching agent during polymerization, for example trimellitic acid, trimellitic anhydride, trimellitic trichloride, tris-p-hydroxyphenylethane, isatin-bis-phenol, tris-phenol TC (1,3,5-tris((p-hydroxyphenyl)isopropyl)benzene), tris-phenol PA (4(4(1,1-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-ethyl)alpha, alpha-dimethyl benzyl)phenol), 4-chloroformyl phthalic anhydride, trimesic acid, and benzophenone tetracarboxylic acid. The branching agents can be added at a level of 0.05-2.0 wt%. Combinations comprising linear polycarbonates and branched polycarbonates can be used.

[0039] The reinforced polycarbonate compositions include an organophosphorus flame retardant. The organophosphorus flame retardant can be phosphazene, phosphate, phosphite, phosphonate, phosphinate, phosphine oxide, phosphine, or a combination thereof, preferably comprising an aromatic group.

[0040] The organophosphorus flame retardant in the reinforced polycarbonate compositions can include organophosphates and phosphazenes. The organophosphates can be monomeric or oligomeric, and can have the structure of formula (17)

wherein R16, R17, R18, and R19 are each independently C1-8 alkyl, C5-6 cycloalkyl, C6-20 aryl, or C7-12 arylalkylene, each optionally substituted by C1-12 alkyl, specifically by C1-4 alkyl, and X is a mono- or poly-nuclear aromatic C6-30 moiety or a linear or branched C2-30 aliphatic radical, which can be OH-substituted and can contain up to 8 ether bonds, provided that at least one of R16, R17, R18, R19, and X is an aromatic group. In some aspects R16, R17, R18, and R19 are each independently C1-4 alkyl, naphthyl, phenyl(C1-4 alkylene), or aryl groups optionally substituted by C1-4 alkyl. Specific aryl moieties are cresyl, phenyl, xylenyl, propylphenyl, or butylphenyl. In some aspects X in formula (17) is a mono- or poly-nuclear aromatic C6-30 moiety derived from a diphenol. Further in formula (17), n is each independently 0 or 1; in some aspects n is equal to 1. Also in formula (17), q is from 0.5-30, from 0.8-15, from 1-5, or from 1-2. Specifically, X can be represented by the following divalent groups (18) or a combination thereof.

preferably in formula (17), each of R16, R17, R18, and R19 can be aromatic, i.e., phenyl, n is 1, and q is 1-5, specifically 1-2, and X is of formula (18).

[0041] Specific organophosphorus flame retardants are represented by formula (17a):

wherein m is 1 or 2, and q is as described in formula (17).

[0042] Commercially available organophosphorus flame retardants include an oligomeric phosphate ester having a phosphorous content of 10.7 wt%, a specific gravity of 1.3, and a melting point of 101-108 °C, available as Sol-DP from FYROLFLEX and a phosphate ester of formula (17b)

having a phosphorous content 9.5 wt%, available as FP 800 from CEL-SPAN.

[0043] Phosphazenes (19) and cyclic phosphazenes (21)

in particular can be used, wherein w1 is 3-10,000 and w2 is 3-25, specifically 3-7, and each Rw is independently a C1-12 alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxy, aryl, aryloxy, or polyoxyalkylene group. In the foregoing groups at least one hydrogen atom of these groups can be substituted with a group having an N, S, O, or F atom, or an amino group. For example, each Rw can be a substituted or unsubstituted phenoxy, an amino, or a polyoxyalkylene group. In some aspects, each Rw is independently a C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C1-12 alkoxy, C6-12 aryl, C6-12 aryloxy, or a polyoxy(C1- 6 alkylene) group. Any given Rw can further be a crosslink to another phosphazene group. Exemplary crosslinks include bisphenol groups, for example bisphenol A groups. The organophosphorus flame retardant can include phenoxy cyclotriphosphazene, octaphenoxy cyclotetraphosphazene decaphenoxy cyclopentaphosphazene, and the like. A combination of different phosphazenes can be used. A number of phosphazenes and their synthesis are described in H. R. Allcook, "Phosphorous-Nitrogen Compounds" Academic Press (1972), and J. E. Mark et al., "Inorganic Polymers" Prentice-Hall International, Inc. (1992).

[0044] The organophosphorus flame retardant is present in an amount effective to provide from 0.1-1.5 wt%, or 0.5-1.0 wt%, or 0.7-0.9 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the weight of the organophosphorus flame retardant. Accordingly, depending on the particular flame retardant used, the reinforced polycarbonate compositions can be from 1-10 wt%, or from greater than 5-10 wt%, or from 4-8 wt%, of the organophosphorus flame retardant, each based on total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%.

[0045] A nanostructured fluoropolymer is present in the reinforced polycarbonate composition, for example a nanostructured fluoropolymer such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). As used herein, the term "nanostructure" refers to a material in which one dimension of the material is equal to or less than 1000 nm (e.g., one dimension is 1 to 1000 nm in size). In a particular aspect, the nanostructure includes at least two dimensions that are equal to or less than 1000 nm (e.g., a first dimension is 1 to 1000 nm in size and a second dimension is 1 to 1000 nm in size). In another aspect, the nanostructure includes three dimensions that are equal to or less than 1000 nm (e.g., a first dimension is 1 to 1000 nm in size, a second dimension is 1 to 1000 nm in size, and a third dimension is 1 to 1000 nm in size). The shape of the nanostructure can be of a wire, a particle (e.g., having a substantially spherical shape), a rod, a tetrapod, a hyper-branched structure, a tube, a cube, or mixtures thereof. The nanostructures can be monodisperse, where all particles are of the same size with little variation, or polydisperse, where the particles have a range of sizes and are averaged.

[0046] The nanostructured fluoropolymer can be prepared in a masterbatch, for example, during extrusion of a polymer, a filler, or both simultaneously. Methods for the preparation of the nanostructured fluoropolymer are described on WO 2018122747. The extruded nanostructured fluoropolymer masterbatch can have a low shear viscosity between 800 to 4000 Pa.s (0.1 rad/s) and a tan delta from 5 to 10 as measured according to ISO 6721. The viscosity can be from 800 to 950, or 1000 to 2000, or 1500 to 3000, or 2500 to 4000 Pa.s. The tan delta maximum can be from 5 to 7, or 5 to 8.5 or 6 to 9, or 7 to 10.

[0047] Fluoropolymers suitable as nanostructured fluoropolymers are described in, e.g., US 7,557,154 and include but are not limited to homopolymers and copolymers that comprise structural units derived from one or more fluorinated alpha-olefin monomers, that is, an alpha-olefin monomer that include a fluorine atom in place of a hydrogen atom. In one aspect the fluoropolymer comprises structural units derived from two or more fluorinated alpha-olefin, for example tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoroethylene, and the like. In another aspect, the fluoropolymer comprises structural units derived from a fluorinated alpha-olefin monomer and a non-fluorinated monoethylenically unsaturated monomers that are copolymerizable with the fluorinated monomers, for example alpha-monoethylenically unsaturated copolymerizable monomers such as ethylene, propylene, butene, acrylate monomers (e.g., methyl methacrylate and butyl acrylate), vinyl ethers, (e.g., cyclohexyl vinyl ether, ethyl vinyl ether, n-butyl vinyl ether, vinyl esters) and the like. Specific examples of fluoropolymers include polytetrafluoroethylene, polyhexafluoropropylene, polyvinylidene fluoride, polychlorotrifluoroethylene, ethylene tetrafluoroethylene, fluorinated ethylene-propylene, polyvinyl fluoride, and ethylene chlorotrifluoroethylene. Combinations of fluoropolymers may also be used. Poly(tetrafluroroethylene) (PTFE) is considered especially suitable.

[0048] As is known, fluoropolymers are available in a variety of forms, including powders, emulsions, dispersions, agglomerations, and the like. "Dispersion" (also called "emulsion") fluoropolymers are generally manufactured by dispersion or emulsion, and may comprise 25 to 60 wt%, or about 25 wt% to 60 wt%, fluoropolymer in water, stabilized with a surfactant, wherein the fluoropolymer particles are 0.1-0.3 µm. "Fine powder" (or "coagulated dispersion") fluoropolymers may be made by coagulation and drying of dispersion-manufactured fluoropolymers. Fine powder fluoropolymers are generally manufactured to have a particle size of 400-500 µm. "Granular" fluoropolymers may be made by a suspension method, and are generally manufactured in two different particle size ranges, including a median particle size of 30-40 µm and a high bulk density product exhibiting a median particle size of 400-500 µm. Pellets of fluoropolymer may also be obtained and cryogenically ground to exhibit the desired particle size.

[0049] The nanostructured fluoropolymer is present from 0.001-1.0 wt%, or 0.001-0.5 wt%, or 0.01-0.5 wt%, or 0.1-0.5 wt% or 0.1-0.4 wt%, or 0.15-0.4 wt%, or 0.15-0.30 wt%, or 0.2-0.5 wt% or 0.2-0.4 wt%, based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition.

[0050] The nanostructured fluoropolymer can be encapsulated by an encapsulating polymer. A nanostructured fluoropolymer may be at least partially encapsulated by an encapsulating polymer that may be the same as or different from the nanostructured fluoropolymer. Without being bound by theory, it is believed that encapsulation may aid in the distribution of the fluoropolymer within the matrix, or compatibilize the nanostructured fluoropolymer with the composition.

[0051] Specific encapsulating polymers include polystyrene, copolymers of polystyrene, poly(alpha-methylstyrene), poly(alpha-ethylstyrene), poly(alpha-propylstyrene), poly(alpha-butylstyrene), poly(p-methylstyrene), polyacrylonitrile, polymethacrylonitrile, poly(methyl acrylate), poly(ethyl acrylate), poly(propyl acrylate), and poly(butyl acrylate), poly(methyl methacrylate), poly(ethyl methacrylate), poly(propyl methacrylate), poly(butyl methacrylate); polybutadiene, copolymers of polybutadiene with propylene, poly(vinyl acetate), poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinylidene chloride), poly(vinylidene fluoride), poly(vinyl alcohols), acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer rubber, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), poly(C4-8 alkyl acrylate) rubbers, styrene-butadiene rubbers (SBR), EPDM rubbers, silicon rubber, or a combination thereof.

[0052] In some aspects, the encapsulating polymer comprises a styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer, an acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, alpha-alkyl-styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer, an alpha-methylstyrene-acrylonitrile copolymer, a styrene-butadiene rubber, a methyl methacrylate copolymer, or a combination thereof. In another aspect, the encapsulating polymer comprises SAN, ABS copolymers, alpha-(C1-3)alkyl-styrene-acrylonitrile copolymers, alpha-methylstyrene-acrylonitrile (AMSAN) copolymers, SBR, and combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing. In yet another aspect the encapsulating polymer is SAN or AMSAN. In an aspect, the nanostructured fluoropolymer encapsulated by an encapsulating polymer is styrene-acrylonitrile encapsulated nanostructured polytetrafluoroethylene.

[0053] In an aspect, the encapsulated nanostructured fluoropolymer comprises 10-90 wt%, 20-80 wt%, or 40-60 wt% of the fluoropolymer and 90-10 wt%, or 80-20 wt%, or 60-40 wt% of the encapsulating polymer, based on the total weight of the encapsulated polymer.

[0054] In an aspect, the reinforced polycarbonate composition is substantially free of a fluoropolymer encapsulated by an encapsulating polymer, wherein the fluoropolymer is not nanostructured, such as, for example, styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) encapsulated poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (i.e., TSAN). Encapsulated fluoropolymers can be made by polymerizing the encapsulating polymer in the presence of the fluoropolymer, for example an aqueous dispersion.

[0055] The reinforced polycarbonate composition includes a reinforcing fiber (including continuous and chopped fibers) such as asbestos, carbon fibers, glass fibers, such as E, A, C, ECR, R, S, D, or NE glasses, or the like. In addition, the reinforcing fibers can be provided in the form of monofilament or multifilament fibers and can be used individually or in combination with other types of fiber, through, for example, co-weaving or core/sheath, side-by-side, orange-type or matrix and nanostructure constructions, or by other methods known to one skilled in the art of fiber manufacture. Co-woven structures include glass fiber-carbon fiber, carbon fiber-aromatic polyimide (aramid) fiber, and aromatic polyimide fiberglass fiber or the like. Preferably the reinforcing fiber is a glass fiber.

[0056] The reinforcing fibers can be of any cross-sectional shape, for example round, square, ovoid, or irregular. The reinforcing fibers can have an average largest diameter from 1 micrometer to 1 mm, or from 1-500 µm. The reinforcing fibers can be supplied in the form of, for example, individual fibers, rovings, woven fibrous reinforcements, such as 0-90 degree fabrics or the like; non-woven fibrous reinforcements such as continuous strand mat, chopped strand mat, tissues, papers, felts, or the like; or three-dimensional reinforcements such as braids. The reinforcing fiber can be present from 5-45 wt%, 5-30 wt%, or from 5-20 wt%, or from 5-15 wt%, or from 5-10 wt% based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%.

[0057] The reinforced polycarbonate composition can further comprise an additive composition that can include various additives ordinarily incorporated into polymer compositions of this type, with the proviso that the additive(s) are selected so as to not significantly adversely affect the desired properties of the thermoplastic composition, in particular heat resistance, impact, and flame retardance. Combinations of additives can be used. The additive composition can include an impact modifier, a flow modifier, an antioxidant, a heat stabilizer, a light stabilizer, an ultraviolet light stabilizer, an ultraviolet absorbing additive, a plasticizer, a lubricant, a release agent, an antistatic agent, an anti-fog agent, an antimicrobial agent, a colorant, a surface effect additive, a radiation stabilizer, an anti-drip agent, or a combination thereof. The additive composition can be present from 0.1-10 wt%, or 0.1-5 wt%, or 0.1-1 wt%, based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition.

[0058] There is considerable overlap among plasticizers, lubricants, and mold release agents, which include, for example, phthalic acid esters (e.g., octyl-4,5-epoxy-hexahydrophthalate), tris-(octoxycarbonylethyl)isocyanurate, di- or polyfunctional aromatic phosphates (e.g., resorcinol tetraphenyl diphosphate (RDP), the bis(diphenyl) phosphate of hydroquinone and the bis(diphenyl) phosphate of bisphenol A); poly-alpha-olefins; epoxidized soybean oil; silicones, including silicone oils (e.g., poly(dimethyl diphenyl siloxanes); fatty acid esters (e.g., C1-32alkyl stearyl esters, such as methyl stearate and stearyl stearate and esters of stearic acid such as pentaerythritol tetrastearate, glycerol tristearate (GTS), and the like), waxes (e.g., beeswax, montan wax, paraffin wax, or the like), or combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing plasticizers, lubricants, and mold release agents. These are generally used in amounts of 0.01-5 wt%, based on the total weight of total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%.

[0059] Antioxidant additives include organophosphites such as tris(nonyl phenyl)phosphite, tris(2,4-di-t-butylphenyl)phosphite, bis(2,4-di-t-butylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, distearyl pentaerythritol diphosphite; alkylated monophenols or polyphenols; alkylated reaction products of polyphenols with dienes, such as tetrakis[methylene(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate)] methane; butylated reaction products of para-cresol or dicyclopentadiene; alkylated hydroquinones; hydroxylated thiodiphenyl ethers; alkylidene-bisphenols; benzyl compounds; esters of beta-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionic acid with monohydric or polyhydric alcohols; esters of beta-(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)-propionic acid with monohydric or polyhydric alcohols; esters of thioalkyl or thioaryl compounds such as distearylthiopropionate, dilaurylthiopropionate, ditridecylthiodipropionate, octadecyl-3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate, pentaerythrityl-tetrakis[3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate; amides of beta-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionic acid, or combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing antioxidants. Antioxidants are used in amounts of 0.01-0.2, or 0.01-0.1 parts by weight, based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%.

[0060] The reinforced polycarbonate composition can be essentially free of chlorine and bromine. "Essentially free of chlorine and bromine" refers to materials produced without the intentional addition of chlorine or bromine or chlorine or bromine containing materials. It is understood however that in facilities that process multiple products a certain amount of cross contamination can occur resulting in bromine or chlorine levels typically on the parts per million by weight scale. With this understanding it can be readily appreciated that "essentially free of bromine and chlorine" can be defined as having a bromine or chlorine content of less than or equal to 100 parts per million by weight (ppm), less than or equal to 75 ppm, or less than or equal to 50 ppm. In some aspects, "essentially free of bromine and chlorine" means a total bromine and chlorine content of less than or equal to 100 parts per million by weight, or less than or equal to 75 ppm, or less than or equal to 50 ppm. When this definition is applied to the flame retardant it is based on the total weight of the flame retardant. When this definition is applied to the reinforced polycarbonate composition it is based on the total parts by weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition.

[0061] In another aspect, the reinforced polycarbonate composition can be essentially free of chlorine, bromine, and fluorine. "Essentially free of chlorine, bromine, and fluorine" is defined as having a bromine, chlorine, or fluorine content of less than or equal to 100 ppm, less than or equal to 75 ppm, or less than or equal to 50 ppm, based on the total parts by weight of the composition. Preferably, the reinforced polycarbonate composition has a combined bromine, chlorine, and fluorine content of less than or equal to 100 ppm, less than or equal to 75 ppm, or less than or equal to 50 ppm, based on the total parts by weight of the composition.

[0062] The reinforced polycarbonate compositions can be manufactured by various methods. For example, powdered polycarbonates, flame retardant, or other optional components are first blended, optionally with fillers in a HENSCHEL-Mixer high speed mixer. Other low shear processes, including but not limited to hand mixing, can also accomplish this blending. The blend is then fed into the throat of a twin-screw extruder via a hopper. Alternatively, at least one of the components, for example the reinforcing filler, can be incorporated into the composition by feeding directly into the extruder at the throat or downstream through a sidefeeder. Additives or the fluoropolymer can also be compounded into a masterbatch with a desired polymer and fed into the extruder. The extruder is generally operated at a temperature higher than that necessary to cause the composition to flow.

[0063] After mixing, the composition so formed may be made into a particulate form, for example by pelletizing or grinding. For example, the molten mixture from an extruder may be fed into a die. Some non-limiting examples of suitable dies include an annular die, coat hanger die, spiral mandrel die, crosshead die, T-die, fishtail die, spider die, single, or double roller die, or profile extrusion die.

[0064] A molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition can have a flame test rating of V0, as measured according to UL-94 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, or a combination thereof.

[0065] A molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition can have a heat distortion temperature (HDT) of at least 120 °C as measured according to ISO 75 at 1.8 megapascal.

[0066] A molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition can have a Vicat B120 softening temperature of at least 130 °C as measured according to ISO 306.

[0067] A molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition can have a flexural modulus of at least 2000 megapascals (MPa), or at least 2,000 to 13,000 MPa, or at least 2,000 to 10,000 MPa, or at least 2,000 to 8,000 MPa, or at least 2,000 to 6,000 MPa, as measured according to ISO 178 on a 4 millimeter thick sample at a rate of 2 millimeter per minute.

[0068] Shaped, formed, or molded articles comprising the polycarbonate compositions are also provided. The polycarbonate compositions can be molded into useful shaped articles by a variety of methods, such as injection molding, extrusion, rotational molding, blow molding and thermoforming. Some examples of articles include computer and business machine housings such as housings for monitors, handheld electronic device housings such as housings for cell phones, electrical connectors, and components of lighting fixtures, ornaments, home appliances, roofs, greenhouses, sun rooms, swimming pool enclosures, and the like. In an aspect, the article is an extruded article, a molded article, pultruded article, a thermo formed article, a foamed article, a layer of a multi-layer article, a substrate for a coated article, or a substrate for a metallized article. In addition, the polycarbonate compositions can be used for such applications as a molded housing and other devices such as electrical circuit breakers and electrical connectors.

[0069] This disclosure is further illustrated by the following examples, which are non-limiting.

EXAMPLES



[0070] The following components are used in the examples. Unless specifically indicated otherwise, the amount of each component is in wt% based on the total weight of the composition.

[0071] The materials shown in Table 1 were used.
Table 1
ComponentDescription (Trade name)Source
PC-Si Poly(bisphenol A carbonate-dimethylsiloxane) copolymer produced via interfacial polymerization, 20 wt% siloxane, average siloxane block length = 45 units (D45), Mw = 29,000-31,000 g/mol as per GPC using polycarbonate standards, para-cumylphenol (PCP) end-capped, polydispersity = 2-3 SABIC
PPPBP-BPA Poly (N-phenyl phenolphthaleinyl bisphenol, 2,2-bis(4-hydro) carbonate-bisphenol A carbonate), 35 mol% PPPBP units; Mw = 25,000 g/mol determined via GPC using polystyrene standards; made by interfacial polymerization; PCP end-capped; PDI = 2-3 SABIC
PC Linear poly(bisphenol A carbonate); Mw = 20,000-22,000 g/mol determined via GPC using BPA homopolycarbonate standards; produced by interfacial polymerization SABIC
FR Phenoxycyclophosphazene, available as FP-110T, 13.4 wt% phosphorous Fushimi
TSAN Encapsulated Polytetrafluoroethylene, CAS Reg. No. 9002-84-0, having the tradename TSAN, with 47-53 wt% poly(tetrafluoroethylene) SABIC
n-FP 2 wt % encapsulated nanostructured fluoropolymer (n-structured TSAN), masterbatch in: linear poly(bisphenol A carbonate) (Mw = 20,000-22,000 g/mol determined via GPC using BPA homopolycarbonate standards; produced by interfacial polymerization) with a tan delta of 5-10 and a shear viscosity of 800 to 4000 Pa.s according to ISO 6721, manufactured as described in WO2018122747. SABIC
PETS Pentaerythritol tetrastearate, >90% esterified Faci
GF Chopped glass (aluminum-borosilicate) fiber, bonding (with sizing), diameter = 10 µm Nippon Electric Glass
Phosphite Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite, available as IRGAFOS 168 BASF
AO Hindered phenolic antioxidant, available as IRGANOX 1076 BASF


[0072] The testing samples were prepared as described below and the following test methods were used.

[0073] All powder additives were combined together with the polycarbonate powder(s), using a paint shaker, and fed through one feeder to an extruder. Extrusion for all combinations was performed on a 25 mm twin screw extruder, using a melt temperature of 270-320 °C and 300 revolutions per minute (rpm), then pelleted. The glass fibers were fed separately through the hopper on a downstream side-feeder. The pellets were dried for 3-5 hours at 90-100 °C. Dried pellets were injection molded at temperatures of 260-315 °C to form specimens for most of the tests below.

[0074] Flexural strength and flexural modulus were determined according to ISO 178 on 4 mm-thick ISO bars at a rate of 2 mm per minute.

[0075] Heat distortion temperatures were measured in accordance with the ISO-75 standard, using the flat side of 4 mm-thick ISO bars and a load of 1.8 MPa (A/f) and a load of 0.45 MPa (A/f).

[0076] Vicat softening temperatures were measured on 4 mm-thick ISO bars in accordance with the ISO 306 standard at a load of 50 N and a speed of 120 °C per hour (B120).

[0077] Flammability tests were performed on conditioned samples (23 °C, 48 h, then 70 °C, 168 h) at a thickness of 0.8 mm and 0.4 mm in accordance with the Underwriter's Laboratory (UL) UL 94 standard. In some cases, a second set of 5 bars was tested to give an indication of the robustness of the rating. In this report the following definitions are used as shown in Table 2. Total flame-out-times for all 5 bars (FOT = t1 + t2) were determined. V-ratings were obtained for every set of 5 bars.
Table 2
 t1 or t25-bar FOTburning drips
V0 <10 <50 no
V1 <30 <250 No
V2 <30 <250 Yes
N.R. (no rating) >30 >250  

Examples 1-2



[0078] The formulations and properties of Examples 1-2 are shown in Table 3.
Table 3.
ComponentUnit1*2
PC Wt% 37.1 27.3
PC-Si Wt% 16 16
PPPBP-BPA Wt% 30 30
PETS Wt% 0.5 0.5
AO Wt% 0.1 0.1
Stab Wt% 0.1 0.1
TSAN Wt% 0.2  
n-FP Wt%   10
FR Wt% 6 6
GF Wt% 10 10
Properties
% Phosphorous Wt% 0.8 0.8
Flexural Strength MPa 128 128
Flexural Modulus MPa 4000 3980
HDT, 0.45 MPa °C 140 141
HDT, 1.82 MPa °C 132 133
Vicat, B/120 °C 142 141
UL 94, 0.8 mm, conditioned   V0 V0
UL 94, 0.4 mm, conditioned   V2 V0
*Comparative Example


[0079] Comparative Example 1 wherein TSAN was the anti-drip agent resulted in a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm; however, the UL 94 rating at a thickness of 0.4 mm was V2. Example 2, which has the same overall fluorine content as Comparative Example 1, shows that a molded sample of a composition with nanostructured fluoropolymer as the anti-drip agent has a UL 94 rating of V0 at thicknesses of 0.8 mm and 0.4 mm. In a further advantage, the samples maintain desirable mechanical and thermal properties.

[0080] This disclosure further encompasses the following aspects.

Aspect 1: A reinforced polycarbonate composition comprising: 10-90 wt% of a polycarbonate component comprising a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards; a high heat copolycarbonate having a glass transition temperature of 170 °C or higher determined per ASTM D3418 with a 20 °C per minute heating rate; or a combination thereof; 5-45 wt% of a poly(carbonate-siloxane); 0.001-1.0 wt% of a nanostructured fluoropolymer; 5-45 wt% of a reinforcing fiber, preferably glass fibers; an organophosphorus flame retardant present in an amount effective to provide 0.1-1.5 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant; optionally, 0.1-10.0 wt% of an additive composition, wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%, wherein a molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition has a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, and a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C as measured according to the ISO-75 standard at 1.8 megapascal.

Aspect 2: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the high heat copolycarbonate is present and comprises high heat aromatic carbonate units derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, 4,4-(1-phenylethylidene)bisphenol, 4,4'-(3,3-dimethyl-2,2-dihydro-1H-indene-1,1-diyl)diphenol, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclododecane, 3,8-dihydroxy-5a, 10b-diphenyl-coumarano-2',3',2,3-coumarane, or a combination thereof, preferably 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, or a combination thereof; and optionally, low heat aromatic carbonate units, preferably bisphenol A carbonate units.

Aspect 3: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein low heat aromatic carbonate units are present and comprise bisphenol A carbonate units.

Aspect 4: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the high heat copolycarbonate is present and comprises poly(carbonate-bisphenol phthalate ester) having the formula

wherein the weight ratio of carbonate units x to ester units y is or 10:90-45:55, and the ester units have a molar ratio of isophthalate to terephthalate from 98:2-88:12.

Aspect 5: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the poly(carbonate-siloxane) comprises 50-99 wt% of bisphenol A carbonate units and 1-50 wt% of dimethylsiloxane units, each based on the weight of the poly(carbonate-siloxane), preferably wherein the poly(carbonate-siloxane) comprises siloxane units of the formulas



or a combination thereof, wherein E has an average value of 2-200, or 2-125, or 5-125, or 5-100, or 5-50, or 20-80, or 5-20.

Aspect 6: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the organophosphorus flame retardant is a phosphazene, phosphate, phosphite, phosphonate, phosphinate, phosphine oxide, phosphine, or a combination thereof, preferably comprising an aromatic group.

Aspect 7: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the organophosphorus flame retardant is a phosphazene formula

or a combination thereof, wherein w1 is 3-10,000, w2 is 3-25, preferably 3-7, and each Rw is independently a C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C1-12 alkoxy, C6-12 aryl, C6-12 aryloxy, or polyoxy(C1-6 alkylene) group.

Aspect 8: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the organophosphorus flame retardant has the formula

wherein R16, R17, R18 and R19 are each independently C1-8 alkyl, C5-6 cycloalkyl, C6-20 aryl, or C7- 12 arylalkylene, each optionally substituted by C1-12 alkyl, and X is a mono- or poly-nuclear aromatic C6-30 moiety or a linear or branched C2-30 aliphatic radical, each optionally hydroxy-substituted and optionally up to 8 ether bonds, provided that at least one of R16 R17, R18, R19, and X is aromatic, n is each independently 0 or 1, and q is from 0.5-30, and preferably wherein each of R16, R17, R18, and R19 is phenyl, X is of the formula

or a combination thereof, each n is 1, and q is 1-5.

Aspect 9: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the additive composition is present and comprises an impact modifier, a flow modifier, an antioxidant, a heat stabilizer, a light stabilizer, an ultraviolet light stabilizer, an ultraviolet absorbing additive, a plasticizer, a lubricant, a release agent, an antistatic agent, an anti-fog agent, an antimicrobial agent, a colorant, a surface effect additive, a radiation stabilizer, an anti-drip agent different from the nanostructured fluoropolymer, or a combination thereof.

Aspect 10: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the reinforced polycarbonate composition is substantially free of a non-nanostructured fluoropolymer encapsulated by an encapsulating polymer, preferably substantially free of a styrene-acrylonitrile encapsulated non-nanostructured poly(tetrafluoroethylene).

Aspect 11: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein a molded sample has a Vicat softening temperature of at least 130 °C as measured according to the ISO-306 standard; a flexural modulus of at least 2000 megapascals as measured according to ISO 178 on a 4 millimeter thick sample at a rate of 2 millimeter per minute; and wherein the composition has a bromine or chlorine content, or a combined bromine and chlorine content of less than or equal to 100 parts per million by weight, less than or equal to 75 parts per million by weight, or less than or equal to 50 parts per million by weight, each based on the total parts by weight of the composition; or wherein the composition has a bromine chlorine or fluorine content, or a combined bromine, chlorine, and fluorine content of less than or equal to 100 parts per million by weight, less than or equal to 75 parts per million by weight, or less than or equal to 50 parts per million by weight, each based on the total parts by weight of the composition.

Aspect 12: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects comprising: 30-60 wt% of the homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 20,000 to 25,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards; 10-40 wt% of the high heat copolycarbonate, wherein the high heat copolycarbonate comprises units derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, or a combination thereof; 5-30 wt% of the poly(carbonate-dimethylsiloxane); 0.001-1.0 wt%, of the nanostructured fluoropolymer; 5-30 wt% of glass fibers as the reinforcing fiber; a phosphazene as the organophosphorus flame retardant, present in an amount effective to provide 0.7-0.9 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant; optionally, 0.1-10 wt% of the additive composition, wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%.

Aspect 13: The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects comprising: 10-90 wt% of a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards; 5-30 wt% of a poly(carbonate-siloxane);0.001-1.0 wt% of the nanostructured fluoropolymer; 5-30 wt% of a reinforcing fiber, preferably glass fibers; an organophosphorus flame retardant present in an amount effective to provide 0.1-1.5 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant; optionally, 0.1-10.0 wt% of an additive composition, wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%, wherein a molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition has a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, and a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C as measured according to the ISO-75 standard at 1.8 megapascal.

Aspect 14: An article comprising the reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding aspects, wherein the article is an electrical component, preferably a circuit breaker or an electrical connector.

Aspect 15: A method for forming the article according to claim 14, comprising molding, casting, or extruding the reinforced polycarbonate composition to provide the article.



[0081] The compositions, methods, and articles can alternatively comprise, consist of, or consist essentially of, any appropriate materials, steps, or components herein disclosed. The compositions, methods, and articles can additionally, or alternatively, be formulated so as to be devoid, or substantially free, of any materials (or species), steps, or components, that are otherwise not necessary to the achievement of the function or objectives of the compositions, methods, and articles.

[0082] All ranges disclosed herein are inclusive of the endpoints, and the endpoints are independently combinable with each other (e.g., ranges of "up to 25 wt%, or, more specifically, 5 wt% to 20 wt%", is inclusive of the endpoints and all intermediate values of the ranges of "5 wt% to 25 wt%," etc.). "Combinations" is inclusive of blends, mixtures, alloys, reaction products, and the like. The terms "first," "second," and the like, do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another. The terms "a" and "an" and "the" do not denote a limitation of quantity and are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. "Or" means "and/or" unless clearly stated otherwise. Reference throughout the specification to "some aspects," "an aspect," and so forth, means that a particular element described in connection with the aspect is included in at least one aspect described herein, and may or may not be present in other aspects. In addition, it is to be understood that the described elements may be combined in any suitable manner in the various aspects. A "combination thereof' is open and includes any combination comprising at least one of the listed components or properties optionally together with a like or equivalent component or property not listed.

[0083] Unless specified to the contrary herein, all test standards are the most recent standard in effect as of the filing date of this application, or, if priority is claimed, the filing date of the earliest priority application in which the test standard appears.

[0084] Unless defined otherwise, technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as is commonly understood by one of skill in the art to which this application belongs. All cited patents, patent applications, and other references are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety. However, if a term in the present application contradicts or conflicts with a term in the incorporated reference, the term from the present application takes precedence over the conflicting term from the incorporated reference.

[0085] Compounds are described using standard nomenclature. For example, any position not substituted by any indicated group is understood to have its valency filled by a bond as indicated, or a hydrogen atom. A dash ("-") that is not between two letters or symbols is used to indicate a point of attachment for a substituent. For example, -CHO is attached through carbon of the carbonyl group.

[0086] The term "alkyl" means a branched or straight chain, unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon group, e.g., methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, n-butyl, s-butyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, s-pentyl, and n- and s-hexyl. "Alkenyl" means a straight or branched chain, monovalent hydrocarbon group having at least one carbon-carbon double bond (e.g., ethenyl (-HC=CH2)). "Alkoxy" means an alkyl group that is linked via an oxygen (i.e., alkyl-O-), for example methoxy, ethoxy, and sec-butyloxy groups. "Alkylene" means a straight or branched chain, saturated, divalent aliphatic hydrocarbon group (e.g., methylene (-CH2-) or, propylene (-(CH2)3-)). "Cycloalkylene" means a divalent cyclic alkylene group, -CnH2n-x, wherein x is the number of hydrogens replaced by cyclization(s). "Cycloalkenyl" means a monovalent group having one or more rings and one or more carbon-carbon double bonds in the ring, wherein all ring members are carbon (e.g., cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl). "Aryl" means an aromatic hydrocarbon group containing the specified number of carbon atoms, such as phenyl, tropone, indanyl, or naphthyl. "Arylene" means a divalent aryl group. "Alkylarylene" means an arylene group substituted with an alkyl group. "Arylalkylene" means an alkylene group substituted with an aryl group (e.g., benzyl). The prefix "halo" means a group or compound including one more of a fluoro, chloro, bromo, or iodo substituent. A combination of different halo groups (e.g., bromo and fluoro), or only chloro groups can be present. The prefix "hetero" means that the compound or group includes at least one ring member that is a heteroatom (e.g., 1, 2, or 3 heteroatom(s)), wherein the heteroatom(s) is each independently N, O, S, Si, or P. "Substituted" means that the compound or group is substituted with at least one (e.g., 1, 2, 3, or 4) substituents that can each independently be a C1-9 alkoxy, a C1-9 haloalkoxy, a nitro (-NO2), a cyano (-CN), a C1-6 alkyl sulfonyl (-S(=O)2-alkyl), a C6-12 aryl sulfonyl (-S(=O)2-aryl)a thiol (-SH), a thiocyano (-SCN), a tosyl (CH3C6H4SO2-), a C3-12 cycloalkyl, a C2-12 alkenyl, a C5-12 cycloalkenyl, a C6-12 aryl, a C7-13 arylalkylene, a C4-12 heterocycloalkyl, and a C3-12 heteroaryl instead of hydrogen, provided that the substituted atom's normal valence is not exceeded. The number of carbon atoms indicated in a group is exclusive of any substituents. For example -CH2CH2CN is a C2 alkyl group substituted with a nitrile.

[0087] While particular aspects have been described, alternatives, modifications, variations, improvements, and substantial equivalents that are or may be presently unforeseen may arise to applicants or others skilled in the art. Accordingly, the appended claims as filed and as they may be amended are intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications variations, improvements, and substantial equivalents.


Claims

1. A reinforced polycarbonate composition comprising:

10-90 wt% of a polycarbonate component comprising

a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards;

a high heat copolycarbonate having a glass transition temperature of 170 °C or higher determined per ASTM D3418 with a 20 °C per minute heating rate;

or a combination thereof;

5-45 wt% of a poly(carbonate-siloxane);

0.001-1.0 wt% of a nanostructured fluoropolymer;

5-45 wt% of a reinforcing fiber, preferably glass fibers;

an organophosphorus flame retardant present in an amount effective to provide 0.1-1.5 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant;

optionally, 0.1-10.0 wt% of an additive composition,

wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%,

wherein a molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition has

a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, and

a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C as measured according to the ISO-75 standard at 1.8 megapascal.


 
2. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein
the high heat copolycarbonate is present and comprises high heat aromatic carbonate units derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, 4,4-(1-phenylethylidene)bisphenol, 4,4'-(3,3-dimethyl-2,2-dihydro-1H-indene-1,1-diyl)diphenol, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclododecane, 3,8-dihydroxy-5a, 10b-diphenyl-coumarano-2',3',2,3-coumarane, or a combination thereof, preferably 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, or a combination thereof; and
optionally, low heat aromatic carbonate units, preferably bisphenol A carbonate units.
 
3. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein low heat aromatic carbonate units are present and comprise bisphenol A carbonate units.
 
4. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the high heat copolycarbonate is present and comprises poly(carbonate-bisphenol phthalate ester) having the formula

wherein

the weight ratio of carbonate units x to ester units y is or 10:90-45:55, and

the ester units have a molar ratio of isophthalate to terephthalate from 98:2-88:12.


 
5. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims,
wherein the poly(carbonate-siloxane) comprises 50-99 wt% of bisphenol A carbonate units and 1-50 wt% of dimethylsiloxane units, each based on the weight of the poly(carbonate-siloxane),
preferably wherein the poly(carbonate-siloxane) comprises siloxane units of the formulas



or a combination thereof, wherein E has an average value of 2-200, or 2-125, or 5-125, or 5-100, or 5-50, or 20-80, or 5-20.
 
6. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the organophosphorus flame retardant is a phosphazene, phosphate, phosphite, phosphonate, phosphinate, phosphine oxide, phosphine, or a combination thereof, preferably comprising an aromatic group.
 
7. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the organophosphorus flame retardant is a phosphazene formula

or a combination thereof, wherein w1 is 3-10,000, w2 is 3-25, preferably 3-7, and each Rw is independently a C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C1-12 alkoxy, C6-12 aryl, C6-12 aryloxy, or polyoxy(C1-6 alkylene) group.
 
8. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the organophosphorus flame retardant has the formula

wherein

R16, R17, R18 and R19 are each independently C1-8 alkyl, C5-6 cycloalkyl, C6-20 aryl, or C7-12 arylalkylene, each optionally substituted by C1-12 alkyl, and

X is a mono- or poly-nuclear aromatic C6-30 moiety or a linear or branched C2-30 aliphatic radical, each optionally hydroxy-substituted and optionally up to 8 ether bonds,

provided that at least one of R16, R17, R18, R19, and X is aromatic,

n is each independently 0 or 1, and

q is from 0.5-30, and

preferably wherein each of R16, R17, R18, and R19 is phenyl, X is of the formula

or a combination thereof, each n is 1, and q is 1-5.


 
9. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the additive composition is present and comprises an impact modifier, a flow modifier, an antioxidant, a heat stabilizer, a light stabilizer, an ultraviolet light stabilizer, an ultraviolet absorbing additive, a plasticizer, a lubricant, a release agent, an antistatic agent, an anti-fog agent, an antimicrobial agent, a colorant, a surface effect additive, a radiation stabilizer, an anti-drip agent different from the nanostructured fluoropolymer, or a combination thereof.
 
10. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the reinforced polycarbonate composition is substantially free of a non-nanostructured fluoropolymer encapsulated by an encapsulating polymer, preferably substantially free of a styrene-acrylonitrile encapsulated non-nanostructured poly(tetrafluoroethylene).
 
11. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein a molded sample has
a Vicat softening temperature of at least 130 °C as measured according to the ISO-306 standard;
a flexural modulus of at least 2000 megapascals as measured according to ISO 178 on a 4 millimeter thick sample at a rate of 2 millimeter per minute; and
wherein the composition has a bromine or chlorine content, or a combined bromine and chlorine content of less than or equal to 100 parts per million by weight, less than or equal to 75 parts per million by weight, or less than or equal to 50 parts per million by weight, each based on the total parts by weight of the composition; or
wherein the composition has a bromine chlorine or fluorine content, or a combined bromine, chlorine, and fluorine content of less than or equal to 100 parts per million by weight, less than or equal to 75 parts per million by weight, or less than or equal to 50 parts per million by weight, each based on the total parts by weight of the composition.
 
12. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims comprising:

30-60 wt% of the homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 20,000 to 25,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards;

10-40 wt% of the high heat copolycarbonate, wherein the high heat copolycarbonate comprises units derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane, N-phenyl phenolphthalein bisphenol, or a combination thereof;

5-30 wt% of the poly(carbonate-dimethylsiloxane);

0.001-1.0 wt%, of the nanostructured fluoropolymer;

5-30 wt% of glass fibers as the reinforcing fiber;

a phosphazene as the organophosphorus flame retardant, present in an amount effective to provide 0.7-0.9 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant;

optionally, 0.1-10 wt% of the additive composition,

wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%.


 
13. The reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims comprising:

10-90 wt% of a homopolycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight from 15,000-40,000 grams/mole, as measured via gel permeation chromatography using bisphenol A homopolycarbonate standards;

5-30 wt% of a poly(carbonate-siloxane);

0.001-1.0 wt% of the nanostructured fluoropolymer;

5-30 wt% of a reinforcing fiber, preferably glass fibers;

an organophosphorus flame retardant present in an amount effective to provide 0.1-1.5 wt% of added phosphorous, based on the total weight of the flame retardant;

optionally, 0.1-10.0 wt% of an additive composition,

wherein each amount is based on the total weight of the reinforced polycarbonate composition, which sums to 100 wt%,

wherein a molded sample of the reinforced polycarbonate composition has

a UL 94 rating of V0 at a thickness of 0.8 mm, or at a thickness of 0.6 mm, or at a thickness of 0.4 mm, and

a heat distortion temperature of at least 120 °C as measured according to the ISO-75 standard at 1.8 megapascal.


 
14. An article comprising the reinforced polycarbonate composition of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the article is an electrical component, preferably a circuit breaker or an electrical connector.
 
15. A method for forming the article according to claim 14, comprising molding, casting, or extruding the reinforced polycarbonate composition to provide the article.
 












REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description