(19)
(11)EP 3 816 254 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
05.05.2021 Bulletin 2021/18

(21)Application number: 19841015.1

(22)Date of filing:  25.07.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C09J 163/00(2006.01)
C09J 11/06(2006.01)
C09J 7/20(2018.01)
C09J 11/08(2006.01)
C09J 175/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2019/009233
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/022798 (30.01.2020 Gazette  2020/05)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 25.07.2018 KR 20180086349

(71)Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KO, Min Jin
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • JUNG, Jae Ho
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • YU, Min A
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • KIM, Min Kyoun
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • CHO, Byung Kyu
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Taek Yong
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • KIM, Dong Yong
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)

(74)Representative: Plasseraud IP 
66, rue de la Chaussée d'Antin
75440 Paris Cedex 09
75440 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)

  


(54)ADHESIVE COMPOSITION


(57) The present application relates to an epoxy-based adhesive composition. The present application can provide excellent adhesive strength and impact strength uniformly over a wide temperature range.




Description

Technical Field


Cross-Reference to Related Applications



[0001] This application claims the benefit of priority based on Korean Patent Application No. 10-2018-0086349 dated July 25, 2018, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

Technical Field



[0002] The present application relates to an adhesive composition.

Background Art



[0003] Adhesives comprising epoxy resins, that is, epoxy resin-based adhesives, have high heat resistance and excellent adhesion strength and thus are used to bond or join various kinds of base materials. For example, recently, the epoxy resin-based adhesives have been used for metal-metal joining or metal-plastic joining, and the like. In particular, when the epoxy resin-based adhesives are used in the automotive industry, there is an advantage that the cost can be reduced and the weight of the vehicle body can be reduced by reducing the number of welds required for manufacturing vehicle body frames. As a result, there is a growing expectation for application of epoxy resin adhesives in aerospace or wind power generation.

[0004] In consideration of accidents such as collisions, the epoxy resin-based adhesives used for automobiles require not only excellent adhesion strength but also impact-resistant strength. Then, these characteristics should be maintained uniformly over a wide range of temperatures in which automobiles are actually used, for example about -40 to 80°C. However, the epoxy resin-based adhesives according to the prior art have a problem that they do not provide sufficient strength for low temperature conditions such as -40°C.

Disclosure


Technical Problem



[0005] It is one object of the present application to provide an epoxy resin-based adhesive composition.

[0006] It is another object of the present application to provide an adhesive composition that provides excellent adhesion strength and impact-resistant strength over a wide temperature range.

[0007] The above objects and other objects of the present application can all be solved by the present application described in detail below.

Technical Solution



[0008] In one example of the present application, the present application relates to an adhesive composition comprising an epoxy-based resin. The adhesive composition may be used to bond homogeneous or heterogeneous base materials after curing. For example, the base material may comprise a metal component or a plastic component, whereby the adhesive composition may be used for metal-metal joining, metal-plastic joining or plastic-plastic joining, and the like. A joining body (hereinafter, may be referred to as a composite or a structure) of such a base material can be used, for example, as a component of an automobile or the like.

[0009] In the present application, the adhesive composition may comprise (a) one or more epoxy resins, (b) a core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles, (c) a core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles in which two or more core-shell rubbers in the form of primary particles are aggregated, and (d) one or more epoxy curing agents. The adhesive composition of the present application comprising all of these configurations can provide excellent adhesion strength, impact-resistant strength and shear strength uniformly for a structure formed using the cured product of the adhesive composition from a low temperature such as -40°C to a high temperature such as 80°C.

(a) Epoxy resin



[0010] When all the (a) to (d) configurations are included, the specific structure of the epoxy resin used for the adhesive composition of the present application is not particularly limited. For example, the epoxy resin may be an epoxy resin having a saturated or unsaturated group, and may be an epoxy resin containing a cyclic structure or an acyclic structure. In addition, the specific kind of the epoxy resin used in the present application is not particularly limited either. For example, the epoxy resin may include a bisphenol-based epoxy resin such as bisphenol A series or bisphenol F series; a novolac-based epoxy resin; or an oxazolidone-containing epoxy resin, and the like. For example, the trade name YD-128, YDF-170 or YD-011 from Kukdo Chemical, and the like can be used.

[0011] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise, as the epoxy resin, an epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of 200 or less. In this case, the epoxy resin may be a bisphenol A-based or bisphenol F-based resin, and the lower limit of the epoxy equivalent may be 100.

[0012] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise, as the epoxy resin, an epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of more than 200. In this case, the epoxy resin may be a bisphenol A-based or bisphenol F-based resin, and the upper limit of the equivalent may be 650.

[0013] In one example, as the epoxy resin, two or more epoxy resins that one or more features selected from an epoxy equivalent, a molecular weight or a viscosity are different from each other may be used.

[0014] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise two or more resins having different epoxy equivalents from each other. For example, within the epoxy equivalent range in the range of 120 to 700, two or more epoxy resins having different equivalents from each other may be used. That is, the adhesive may comprise an epoxy resin mixture (a) in which two or more resins having different equivalents from each other are mixed.

[0015] In one example, the epoxy resin mixture (a) may comprise two or more resins having an epoxy equivalent of less than 300 and different equivalents from each other. If the equivalents differ from each other, the epoxy equivalent of the epoxy resin used is not limited. For example, the epoxy equivalent of the epoxy resin may be 280 or less, 260 or less, 240 or less, 220 or less or 200 or less. Although not particularly limited, the epoxy equivalent lower limit of the epoxy resin may be 100 or more, 110 or more, 120 or more, 130 or more, 140 or more, or 150 or more.

[0016] In one example, the epoxy resin mixture (a) may further comprise one or more epoxy resins having an epoxy equivalent of 300 or more. For example, the epoxy equivalent of the epoxy resin may be 320 or more, 340 or more, 360 or more, 380 or more, 400 or more, 420 or more, 440 or more, 460 or more, 480 or more, 500 or more, 520 or more, 540 or more, 560 or more, 580 or more, or 600 or more. Although not particularly limited, the epoxy equivalent upper limit of the resin may be 650 or less, 640 or less, 630 or less, or 620 or less.

[0017] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise, as the epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of less than 300, a bisphenol-based A-based resin and/or a bisphenol F-based resin.

[0018] In another example, the adhesive composition may further comprise, as the epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of 300 or more, a bisphenol-based A resin and/or a bisphenol F-based resin.

[0019] When the epoxy equivalent increases, the crosslinking density may generally decrease while the viscosity increases, and the strength observed after the composition has cured may also be somewhat poor. In addition, when the epoxy equivalent decreases, there is a problem that cannot fully expect the effect of using the epoxy-based adhesive. However, when the resins having a predetermined epoxy equivalent as above are mixed and used, there is an advantage that can solve the above problems.

[0020] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise an epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of less than 300 in an amount of 20 parts by weight or more relative to the total content of the adhesive composition. Specifically, the content of the epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of less than 300 may be 25 parts by weight or more, 30 parts by weight or more, 35 parts by weight or more, 40 parts by weight or more, or 45 parts by weight or more. The upper limit of the content is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 60 parts by weight or less, 55 parts by weight or less, or 50 parts by weight or less.

[0021] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise an epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of 300 or more in an amount of 0.5 parts by weight relative to the total content of the adhesive composition. For example, the content of the epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of 300 or more may be 1 part by weight or more, 2 parts by weight or more, 3 parts by weight or more, 4 parts by weight or more, or 5 parts by weight or more. The upper limit of the content is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 15 parts by weight or less, 10 parts by weight or less, or 5 parts by weight or less.

[0022] In one example, the epoxy resin or the epoxy resin mixture may be used in an amount of 30 parts by weight or more, 35 parts by weight or more, 40 parts by weight or more, or 45 parts by weight or more relative to the content of the entire adhesive composition. The upper limit thereof is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 80 parts by weight or less, 75 parts by weight or less, 70 parts by weight or less, 65 parts by weight or less, 60 parts by weight or less, 55 parts by weight or less, or 50 parts by weight or less.

[0023] In the present application, the adhesive composition may comprise a mono epoxy resin. In the present application, the mono epoxy resin may mean a resin having one epoxy functional group in the molecule. The mono epoxy resin is capable of lowering the viscosity of the adhesive, and is advantageous in improving wettability, impact characteristics or adhesion (peeling) characteristics by adjusting the crosslinking density. The mono epoxy resin may be referred to as a so-called diluent.

[0024] In one example, the mono epoxy resin may be used in an amount of 10 parts by weight or less relative to the total content of the adhesive composition. Specifically, the content of the mono epoxy resin may be, for example, 9 parts by weight or less, 8 parts by weight or less, 7 parts by weight or less, 6 parts by weight or less, or 5 parts by weight or less. The lower limit is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 0.5 parts by weight or more.

(b) and (c) Core-shell rubbers



[0025] The adhesive composition comprises both a core-shell rubber (b) in the form of primary particles and a core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles in which two or more core-shell rubbers in the form of primary particles are aggregated.

[0026] In the present application, the "core-shell rubber" may mean a particulate (solid) material having a rubber component in a core portion and having a structure in which a shell material is grafted or crosslinked to the core.

[0027] In the present application, the "core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles" may mean each unit body having the core-shell structure, and the "core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles" may mean an aggregate (or conglomerate) formed by clumping two or more core-shell rubbers (particles) in the form of primary particles together. In the present application, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may be referred to as a dispersion rubber, and the core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles may be referred to as an aggregated rubber. The core-shell rubbers may be dispersed and present in the adhesive composition.

[0028] In one example, the core-shell rubber particles in the primary form and the core-shell rubber particles in the secondary form can be prepared according to the methods described in the following examples. In this case, the aggregated rubbers in the secondary form produced by a polymerization reaction can be separated into smaller aggregated rubbers through a kneader such as a planetary mixer. In one example, all of the aggregated particles may not be separated in the form of complete primary particles, and some of the secondary particles may be separated into primary particles and present in a mixed form of primary and secondary particles. For example, the weight ratio of the primary particles may be 50 wt% or less, 40 wt% or less, 30 wt% or less, 20 wt% or less, 10 wt% or less, 5 wt% or less, 4 wt% or less, 3 wt% or less, 2 wt% or less, 1 wt% or less, or 0.5 wt% or less, relative to the total content of the core-shell rubbers. In one example, the weight ratio of the primary particles may be substantially 0 wt%. Alternatively, the weight ratio of the primary particles may be, for example, 0.01 wt% or more, 0.1 wt% or more, or 1 wt% or more.

[0029] In one example, the core-shell rubber particles in the primary form and the core-shell rubber particles in the secondary form may be prepared through a separate process.

[0030] In one example, instead of preparing a core-shell rubber in the form of dispersed primary particles obtained by kneading the core-shell rubber in the aggregated secondary form, the composition may comprise a core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles that the core-shell rubbers are separately dispersed and present in an epoxy resin. The primary dispersion rubber present in this form may be referred to as an epoxy dispersion core-shell rubber.

[0031] In one example, the ratio (W1/W2) of the weight (W1) of the core-shell rubber in the primary particle form to the weight (W2) of the aggregated core-shell rubber in the secondary particle form may be in a range of 0.1 to 20. More specifically, the lower limit of the ratio (W1/W2) may be, for example, 0.2 or more, 0.3 or more, 0.4 or more, or 0.5 or more. In addition, the upper limit may be, for example, 15 or less, 10 or less, or 5 or less, and specifically, may be, for example, 4 or less, 3 or less, 2 or less, or 1.5 or less.

[0032] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise 1 part by weight or more of the core-shell rubber (b) in the form of the primary particles, based on the total content of the adhesive composition. For example, the content of the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may be 5 parts by weight or more, 10 parts by weight or more, 15 parts by weight or more, or 20 parts by weight or more on the basis of the total composition content. In addition, the upper limit of the content is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 25 parts by weight.

[0033] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise 5 parts by weight or more of the core-shell rubber (c) in the form of secondary particles, based on the total content of the adhesive composition. For example, the content of the core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles may be 6 parts by weight or more, 7 parts by weight or more, 8 parts by weight or more, 9 parts by weight or more, or 10 parts by weight or more, based on the total composition content, and in one example, it may be 15 parts by weight or more. In addition, the upper limit of the content is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 35 parts by weight or less, specifically 34 parts by weight or less, 33 parts by weight or less, 32 parts by weight or less, 31 parts by weight or less, or 30 parts by weight or less, and more specifically, it may be 25 parts by weight or less, or 20 parts by weight or less.

[0034] When the content of each configuration is smaller than the above range, the effect of improving strength is not sufficient, and when it is used beyond the above range, shear strength and high-temperature impact strength may be lowered, so that it is not preferable.

[0035] The core may comprise a polymer of a diene-based monomer, or may comprise a copolymer of a diene-based monomer and a heterogeneous monomer component (not diene-based). Although not particularly limited, for example, butadiene or isoprene may be used as the diene-based monomer.

[0036] In one example, the core may be a butadiene-based core. For example, the core may comprise a polymer of butadiene. In addition, the core may comprise a copolymer of butadiene and another ethylenically unsaturated monomer. The ethylenically unsaturated monomer used upon core formation can be exemplified by a vinyl-based aromatic monomer, (methyl)acrylonitrile, an alkyl (meth)acrylate, and the like, but is not particularly limited thereto.

[0037] In one example, when the alkyl (meth)acrylate is additionally used in core formation, a different kind of alkyl (meth)acrylate from an alkyl (meth)acrylate used for shell formation, which is described below, can be used in the core.

[0038] The shell grafted or crosslinked to the core may comprise an alkyl (meth)acrylate unit. The fact that the shell comprises an alkyl (meth)acrylate unit means that an alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer can be used upon forming a shell polymer that is crosslinked or grafted to the core. In one example, as the alkyl (meth)acrylate, a lower alkyl (meth)acrylate having an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate or t-butyl methacrylate can be used, without being limited to the above-listed monomers.

[0039] The shell may further comprise a vinylidene-based monomer unit. For example, it may further comprise a unit of an aromatic vinyl monomer such as styrene, vinyl acetate or vinyl chloride. Although not particularly limited, in one example, the shell may comprise an alkyl (meth)acrylate unit and an aromatic vinyl monomer unit.

[0040] In one example, both the core of the primary particle shaped core-shell rubber and the core of the secondary particle shaped core-shell rubber may be butadiene-based cores. However, the degree of crosslinking may differ from each other.

[0041] In one example, the core and shell may have a predetermined glass transition temperature (Tg). For example, the glass transition temperature (Tg) lower limit of the core may be -60°C or more, -50°C or more, or -40°C or more. Although not particularly limited, the glass transition temperature upper limit of the core may be -20°C or less, -25°C or less, - 30°C or less, or -35°C or less. In addition, the shell may have, for example, a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 50°C or more, 60°C or more, or 70°C or more. Although not particularly limited, the glass transition temperature upper limit of the shell may be 120°C or less. The glass transition temperature can be measured according to a known method, and for example, can be measured using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

[0042] In one example, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have a ratio of the core particle diameter to the total core-shell particle diameter (= thickness ratio of the core in the core-shell, R) of 0.80 or more.

[0043] In the present application, the "particle diameter" may be used to mean a diameter of a particle-shaped (for example, spherical or ellipsoidal) core-shell rubber or the configuration thereof, and may mean the length of the longest dimension when the shape of the core-shell rubber is not completely spherical or ellipsoidal. The particle diameter-related features may be measured using known equipment, and for example, dynamic lighting scattering or laser diffraction equipment and the like may be used to identify the particle diameter-related features. Unless specifically defined, the particle diameter of the particles or particle size of the particles may be used in the sense of the average particle diameter to be described below.

[0044] For example, the ratio of the core particle diameter to the total core-shell particle diameter may be 0.81 or more, 0.82 or more, 0.83 or more, 0.84 or more, 0.85 or more, 0.86 or more, 0.87 or more, 0.88 or more, 0.89 or more, or 0.90 or more. The upper limit of the ratio may be, for example, 0.99, and specifically, may be 0.98 or less, 0.97 or less, 0.96 or less, 0.95 or less, 0.94 or less, 0.93 or less, or 0.92 or less. In the case of commercialized core-shell products, they do not satisfy the above range in many cases, so that the impact absorption function by the rubber is not sufficient, but the core-shell rubber satisfying the above range can sufficiently absorb the impact applied to the structure. In particular, when the ratio of the core exceeds 0.99, it becomes difficult for the shell to surround the core part while the thickness of the shell becomes thin, whereby a decrease in compatibility with the epoxy resin or a decrease in dispersibility may occur. In addition, when the ratio of the core is less than 0.8, the effect of improving the impact strength is insufficient.

[0045] For example, when the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles has an average particle diameter of 250 nm or more, 260 nm or more, 270 nm or more, 280 nm or more, 290 nm or more, or 300 nm or more, and for example, the upper limit thereof is 600 nm or less or 500 nm or less, specifically, 450 nm or less, 440 nm or less, 430 nm or less, 420 nm or less, 410 nm or less, or 400 nm or less, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have a size that can satisfy the above ratio (R). At this time, the 'average particle diameter" means the diameter that the particle with 50% of the cumulative weight (mass) in the particle size distribution curve has (passes). For example, the core of the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have an average particle diameter of 180 nm or more, 200 nm or more, 220 nm or more, 240 nm or more, 260 nm or more, 280 nm or more, 300 nm or more, and the upper limit thereof may be, for example, 500 nm or less, 495 nm or less, 490 nm or less, specifically, 450 nm or less, 400 nm or 350 nm or less. In the case of commercialized core-shell products, the size and ratio (R) of the corresponding particle diameter do not satisfy the above range in many cases, so that the impact absorption function by the rubber is not sufficient.

[0046] In another example, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have an average particle diameter of 300 nm or less, or 250 nm or less. In this case, the lower limit thereof may be, for example, 10 nm or more, 20 nm or more, or 30 nm or more. Even in the case of having such a particle diameter, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have the ratio (R) of the core particle diameter to the total core-shell particle diameter satisfying the above range. In the case of commercialized core-shell products, the size of the corresponding particle diameter does not satisfy the above range in many cases, so that the impact absorption function by the rubber is not sufficient.

[0047] Also, in the present application, the core-shell rubber may have a predetermined particle size distribution.

[0048] In one example, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have a diameter of D10 in the particle diameter distribution, that is, a diameter up to cumulative 10% particles on the basis of weight (mass), from the smaller side of the particle diameters by the particle size distribution measurement, in a range of 180 to 220 nm.

[0049] In another example, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have a diameter of D50 in the particle diameter distribution, that is, a diameter up to cumulative 50% particles on the basis of weight (mass), from the smaller side of the particle diameters by the particle size distribution measurement, in a range of 250 to 350 nm.

[0050] In another example, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have a diameter of D90 in the particle diameter distribution, that is, a diameter up to cumulative 90% particles on the basis of weight (mass), from the smaller side of the particle diameters by the particle size distribution measurement, in a range of 450 to 510 nm.

[0051] In one example, the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles may have a particle size distribution width of 2.0 or less or 1.5 or less obtained by the following equation 1. The lower limit thereof is not particularly limited, which may be, for example, 0.5 or more, 0.6 or more, 0.7 or more, 0.8 or more, 0.9 or more, or 1.0 or more.



[0052] As described above, when the core-shell rubber having a narrow particle size distribution width is used, it is advantageous to uniformly secure excellent adhesion strength, peel strength, and impact-resistant strength in a wide temperature range.

[0053] Such particle diameter characteristics can be obtained through, for example, a method of appropriately adjusting the type or content of monomers used upon core or shell formation, or a method of dividing the monomers into several stages to be introduced or appropriately adjusting the polymerization time of the core or shell or other polymerization conditions, and the like.

[0054] In one example, the number of primary particles aggregated for secondary particle formation is not particularly limited. For example, the primary particles may be aggregated to form secondary particles, so that the core-shell rubber conglomerate (aggregate), that is, the secondary particles may have a diameter in a range of 0.1 to 10 µm. In one example, the core-shell rubber (aggregated particles) in the form of secondary particles, which has undergone a kneading process through a kneader such as a planetary mixer after polymerization, may have a size of 2 µm or less, 1.5 µm or less, 1 µm or less, or 0.5 µm or less. In relation to the secondary particles, the size may be used in the sense corresponding to the particle diameter or the size of the longest dimension as described above.

[0055] In one example, the average particle diameter of the core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles may be 1.5 µm or less, or 1 µm or less. Specifically, the average particle diameter of the core-shell rubber may be 900 nm or less, 800 nm or less, 700 nm or less, or 600 nm or less. Although not particularly limited, the average particle diameter lower limit of the core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles may be 100 nm or more, 200 nm or more, 300 nm or more, 400 nm or more, or 500 nm or more.

[0056] In the present application, particles of various sizes may be present even though they have the same aggregated form or dispersed form. Specifically, within the particle diameter range of the above-described core-shell particles in each form, primary shaped particles and secondary shaped particles of various particle diameters may be present.

[0057] In one example, when the particle diameter of the primary shaped particles constituting any secondary shaped particles is very small or when the number of the primary shaped particles used to constitute any secondary shaped particles is small, the particle diameter of the secondary shaped particles may be the same as or similar to the particle diameter of the primary shaped particles that are not used to form the secondary shaped particles. In addition, the primary shaped particles having a particle diameter different from that of any secondary shaped particles may also be present. As such, particles of various particle diameters may exist regardless of the dispersed or aggregated state, and thus, in one example, the ratio D1: D2 of the particle diameter (D1) of the primary shaped dispersion rubber (PI) constituting any secondary shaped aggregated rubber to the particle diameter (D2) of the dispersion rubber (P2) different from the dispersion rubber (PI) may be in a range of 0.1 to 10, a range of 0.1 to 5, or a range of 0.1 to 1. Such a particle diameter distribution can also be equally applied to the secondary particle form.

[0058] In one example, the ratio (CA/DA) of the average particle diameter (DA) of the primary particles in the dispersed core-shell rubber to the average particle diameter (CA) of the aggregated core-shell rubber in the secondary particle state may be in a range of 1 to 10, a range of 1 to 5, or a range of 1 to 3. When the above range is satisfied, it may be advantageous to secure the shock absorbing function by the rubber.

(d) Epoxy curing agent



[0059] The adhesive composition may comprise a predetermined curing agent so that it can be cured at a temperature of about 80°C or more, or about 100°C or more. If the curing can occur in the above temperature range, the type of the curing agent is not particularly limited. For example, as the curing agent, a dicyandiamide, a melamine, a diallyl melamine, a guanamine (e.g. acetoguanamine, benzoguanamine), an aminotriazole (3-amino-1,2,4-triazole), a hydrazide (adipic acid dihydride, stearic acid dihydrazide, isophthalic acid dihydrazide), a cyanoacetamide or an aromatic polyamine (e.g.: diaminodiphenylsulfone), and the like can be used.

[0060] Although not particularly limited, the curing agent may be used in an amount of, for example, 1 part by weight or more, 2 parts by weight or more, 3 parts by weight or more, or 4 parts by weight or more, based on the total content of the adhesive composition. Although not particularly limited, the content upper limit of the curing agent may be 15 parts by weight or less, 14 parts by weight or less, 13 parts by weight or less, 12 parts by weight or less, 11 parts by weight or less, or 10 parts by weight or less.

(e) Additional components



[0061] In one example, the adhesive composition may further comprise a urethane resin. The urethane resin may be a urethane resin in which isocyanate ends are blocked.

[0062] (e-1) In one example, the urethane resin may be a urethane resin having a polyether structure. In addition, at least one of the isocyanate groups which are terminals of the urethane resin has a structure (capping structure) terminated with a predetermined compound.

[0063] The urethane resin may contain an isocyanate unit and a polyether polyol unit. In the present application, the fact that the urethane resin contains a predetermined unit may mean a state where in a resin structure (main chain or side chain) formed by reacting one or more compounds, the unit derived as the compounds are polymerized is included therein.

[0064] The specific kind of isocyanate used in the urethane resin is not particularly limited, and a known aromatic or non-aromatic isocyanate may be used. In a non-limiting example, the isocyanate can be nonaromatic. That is, upon forming the modified urethane resin, an isocyanate of aliphatic or alicyclic series may be used. In the case of using the non-aromatic isocyanate, impact resistance, or viscosity characteristics of the adhesive composition may be improved.

[0065] The kind of the usable non-aromatic isocyanate is not particularly limited. For example, an aliphatic polyisocyanate or its modified products can be used. Specifically, an aliphatic polyisocyanate such as hexamethylene diisocyanate, trimethylhexamethylene diisocyanate, lysine diisocyanate, norbornane diisocyanate methyl, ethylene diisocyanate, propylene diisocyanate or tetramethylene diisocyanate; an alicyclic polyisocyanate such as transcyclohexane-1,4-diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, bis(isocyanatemethyl) cyclohexane diisocyanate or dicyclohexylmethane diisocyanate; or a carbodiimide-modified polyisocyanate or isocyanurate-modified polyisocyanate of at least one of the foregoing; and the like can be used. In addition, a mixture of two or more of the above-listed compounds can be used.

[0066] In one example, the polyol may be a polyol having an OH equivalent of 300 or more. For example, the OH equivalent lower limit of the polyol may be 400 or more, 500 or more, 600 or more, 700 or more, 800 or more, or 900 or more. The OH equivalent upper limit of the polyol is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 2,000 or less, 1,900 or less, 1,800 or less, 1,700 or less, 1,600 or less, 1,500 or less, 1,400 or less, 1,300 or less, 1,200 or less, or 1,100 or less. When the equivalent range is satisfied, it is advantageous to improve impact-resistant characteristics, adhesion strength characteristics and peeling characteristics of the adhesive.

[0067] The kind of the polyol is not particularly limited as long as the equivalent is satisfied. For example, a tetrafunctional polyol such as pentaerythritol; a trifunctional polyol such as glycerin or trimethylolpropane; or a bifunctional polyol such as glycol may be used. In one example, a polyalkylene glycol may be used as the polyol, without being particularly limited thereto. Specifically, for example, polypropylene glycol may be used as the polyalkylene glycol.

[0068] In one example, the urethane resin may comprise a branched polyether polyol unit, and a non-aromatic isocyanate unit.

[0069] In one example, the polyol may be branched polypropylene glycol. The branched polypropylene means that the polypropylene backbone is configured to have side chains, which may be distinguished from the linear shape, that is, the case where the polypropylene repeating unit does not have side chains. For example, the branched polypropylene has branches in which a-olefins, such as ethylene, 1-butene, 1-hexene or 4-methyl-1-pentene, are incorporated (copolymerized) into the polypropylene backbone. That is, in one example of the present application, the polyol may have a branched polypropylene unit. When the branched polypropylene glycol is used, it is advantageous for strength improvement.

[0070] As mentioned above, the urethane resin may have a structure in which one or more of its isocyanate ends are terminated by a predetermined compound. The so-called capping method of the isocyanate end in the urethane resin is not particularly limited. Known techniques can be used. For example, a polymer or prepolymer, which is derived from an ether-based polyol, having urethane groups in urethane chains and having isocyanate groups at their ends is prepared, where the isocyanate ends of the urethane can be capped through a compound having an active hydrogen group at all or part of the isocyanate groups. In another example, upon preparing the urethane resin, a method of capping simultaneously with polymerization by introducing a compound capable of capping the isocyanate ends together may be used. The kind of the compound which is capable of capping isocyanate ends is not specifically limited, and for example, an amine-based compound, a phenol-based compound, an oxime-based compound, or a bisphenol-based compound can be used.

[0071] In one example, the urethane resin may have a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of 3,000 to 40,000. The weight average molecular weight may be a polystyrene conversion molecular weight measured by GPC. More specifically, the lower limit of the weight average molecular weight of the urethane resin may be 3,000 or more, 3,500 or more, 4,000 or more, 4,500 or more, 5,000 or more, 5,500 or more, 6,000 or more, 6,500 or more, 7,000 or more, 7,500 or more, 8,000 or more 8,500 or more, or 9,000 or more. Although not particularly limited, the upper limit of the weight average molecular weight of the urethane resin may be 35,000 or less, or 30,000 or less. When the above range is satisfied, it is possible to provide advantageous physical properties to the adhesive. The urethane resin may have a molecular weight controlled using a branching agent, a chain extender or the like upon its manufacture, and may also have a linear structure or a branched structure. In the case of the branched structure, it is appropriate to polymerize the urethane without using a chain extender, which is advantageous for obtaining an appropriate molecular weight. When polypropylene glycol is used as the polyol, the degree of contribution to improving the impact strength of the urethane resin having a branched structure may be higher.

[0072] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise 5 parts by weight or more of the modified urethane resin based on the content of the entire adhesive composition. Specifically, the content of the modified urethane resin may be 6 parts by weight or more, 7 parts by weight or more, 8 parts by weight or more, 9 parts by weight or more, or 10 parts by weight or more. Although not particularly limited, the content upper limit of the urethane resin may be, for example, 25 parts by weight or less. More specifically, the urethane resin may be used in an amount of 20 parts by weight or less, 19 parts by weight or less, 18 parts by weight or less, 17 parts by weight or less, 16 parts by weight or less, or 15 parts by weight or less. When the urethane resin is used in an amount of less than the above range, the impact strength improvement is not sufficient, and when it is used in an amount of more than the above range, there is a problem that shear strength is lowered and high-temperature impact strength is lowered.

[0073] (e-2) In another example, the urethane resin is a modified urethane resin having a unit derived from polytetrahydrofuran, where at least one of the isocyanate groups which are terminals of the urethane resin may have a structure (capping structure) terminated with a predetermined compound, as described below.

[0074] The urethane resin may comprise an isocyanate unit, a polyol unit, a polytetrahydrofuran unit. In the present application, the fact that the urethane resin comprises predetermined units may mean a state where in a resin structure (main chain or side chain) formed by reaction of one or more compounds, the compounds are polymerized and simultaneously the units derived therefrom are included in the resin structure.

[0075] The specific kind of isocyanate used in the urethane resin is not particularly limited, and a known aromatic or non-aromatic isocyanate may be used. In a non-limiting example, the isocyanate can be nonaromatic. That is, upon forming the modified urethane resin, an isocyanate of aliphatic or alicyclic series may be used. In the case of using the non-aromatic isocyanate, impact resistance, or viscosity characteristics of the adhesive composition may be improved.

[0076] The kind of the usable non-aromatic isocyanate is not particularly limited. For example, an aliphatic polyisocyanate or its modified products can be used. Specifically, an aliphatic polyisocyanate such as hexamethylene diisocyanate, trimethylhexamethylene diisocyanate, lysine diisocyanate, norbornane diisocyanate methyl, ethylene diisocyanate, propylene diisocyanate or tetramethylene diisocyanate; an alicyclic polyisocyanate such as transcyclohexane-1,4-diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, bis(isocyanatemethyl) cyclohexane diisocyanate or dicyclohexylmethane diisocyanate; or a carbodiimide-modified polyisocyanate or isocyanurate-modified polyisocyanate of at least one of the foregoing; and the like can be used. In addition, a mixture of two or more of the above-listed compounds can be used.

[0077] The kind of the polyol used at the time of forming the urethane resin is not particularly limited. For example, a tetrafunctional polyol such as pentaerythritol; a trifunctional polyol such as glycerin or trimethylolpropane; or a bifunctional polyol such as glycol may be used. In one example, a polyalkylene glycols such as polypropylene glycol may be used as the glycol.

[0078] In one example, a linear polyol may be used as the polyol. For example, a linear shape such as polypropylene glycol can be used. The linear polyol is a polyol having two hydroxyl groups in the molecule, which may usually mean one having hydroxyl groups at both ends of the molecule. Conversely, the polyol having three or more hydroxyl groups in the molecule can be said to be a branched polyol. Compared with the case of using a branched shape, the case of using a linear polyol makes it easy to control the molecular weight of the urethane resin in the range described below, which may be advantageous for improving the impact-resistant characteristics of the adhesive.

[0079] In one example, the polyol may be a polyol having an OH equivalent of 300 or more. For example, the OH equivalent lower limit of the polyol may be 400 or more, 500 or more, 600 or more, 700 or more, 800 or more, or 900 or more. The OH equivalent upper limit of the polyol is not particularly limited, but may be, for example, 2,000 or less, 1,900 or less, 1,800 or less, 1,700 or less, 1,600 or less, 1,500 or less, 1,400 or less, 1,300 or less, 1,200 or less, or 1,100 or less. When the equivalent range is satisfied, it is advantageous to improve impact-resistant characteristics, adhesion strength characteristics and peeling characteristics of the adhesive.

[0080] As described above, the urethane resin may have a structure in which one or more of its isocyanate ends are terminated by a predetermined compound. The so-called capping method of the isocyanate end in the urethane resin is not particularly limited. Known techniques can be used. For example, upon preparing the modified urethane resin, a method of introducing a compound capable of capping the isocyanate ends together thereto and polymerizing it may be used. The kind of the compound which is capable of capping isocyanate ends is not specifically limited, and for example, an amine-based compound, a phenol-based compound, an oxime-based compound, or a bisphenol-based compound can be used.

[0081] In one example, the urethane resin may comprise a unit in which the isocyanate end is terminated by polytetrahydrofuran. Since polytetra hydrofuran also has OH groups, the urethane resin may further comprise a unit in which the isocyanate end terminated by polytetrahydrofuran, when the urethane resin of the present application is synthesized by so-called one-pot synthesis.

[0082] In one example, the polytetrahydrofuran may have a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of 500 or more. In the present application, the "weight average molecular weight (Mw)" may be a polystyrene conversion molecular weight measured by GPC. For example, the weight average molecular weight of the polytetrahydrofuran may be 550 or more, 600 or more, 650 or more, 700 or more, 750 or more, 800 or more, or 850 or more. In one example, the weight average molecular weight upper limit of the polytetrahydrofuran may be 4,000 or less. Specifically, the weight average molecular weight of the polytetrahydrofuran may be 3,000 or less, or 2,000 or less, and may be, more specifically, 1,500 or less, 1,400 or less, 1,300 or less, or 1,200 or less.

[0083] In one example, the polytetrahydrofuran may have an OH equivalent of 400 to 2,200. When the OH equivalent is out of the above range, the impact-resistant characteristics of the adhesive may be lowered. Considering the impact-resistant characteristics, the polytetra hydrofuran may have, for example, an OH equivalent of 450 or more, or 500 or more, and may have an OH equivalent of 1,100 or less, or 1,000 or less.

[0084] In one example, the weight average molecular weight of the urethane resin having the above configuration may be in the range of 5,000 to 30,000. When the above range is satisfied, the physical properties suitable for the adhesive application of the present application can be provided.

[0085] In one example, the adhesive composition may comprise 5 parts by weight or more of the modified urethane resin based on the content of the entire adhesive composition. Specifically, the content of the modified urethane resin may be 6 parts by weight or more, 7 parts by weight or more, 8 parts by weight or more, 9 parts by weight or more, or 10 parts by weight or more. Although not particularly limited, the content upper limit of the urethane resin may be, for example, 25 parts by weight or less. More specifically, the urethane resin may be used in an amount of 20 parts by weight or less, 19 parts by weight or less, 18 parts by weight or less, 17 parts by weight or less, 16 parts by weight or less, or 15 parts by weight or less. When the urethane resin is used in an amount of less than the above range, the impact strength improvement is not sufficient, and when it is used in an amount of more than the above range, there is a problem that shear strength is lowered and high-temperature impact strength is lowered.

(f) Other components



[0086] The adhesive composition may comprise a catalyst to control the rate and temperature of the curing reaction by the curing agent. The type of the catalyst is not particularly limited, and various kinds of known catalysts may be appropriately used.

[0087] In one non-limiting example, as the catalyst, urea series such as p-chlorophenyl-N,N-dimethylurea, 3-phenyl-1,1-dimethylurea or 3,4-dichlorophenyl-N,N-dimethylurea; tertiary acrylics; amines such as benzyldimethylamine; piperidine or derivatives thereof; or imidazole derivatives may be used.

[0088] Although not particularly limited, the catalyst may be used, for example, in an amount of 0.1 parts by weight or more, 0.2 parts by weight or more, 0.3 parts by weight or more, or 0.4 parts by weight or more, based on the total content of the adhesive composition. Although not particularly limited, the upper limit of the catalyst content may be 2 parts by weight or less.

[0089] In one example, the adhesive composition may further comprise a particulate inorganic filler, that is, inorganic particles. When the inorganic filler is used, it is possible to adjust the mechanical properties, rheological properties and the like of the adhesive. The form of the inorganic filler may be rectangular, spherical, platy or acicular, which is not particularly limited.

[0090] As the inorganic filler, for example, calcium oxide, quartz powder, alumina, calcium carbonate, calcium oxide, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium calcium carbonate, barite, hydrophilic or hydrophobic silica particles, or aluminum magnesium calcium silicate can be used. When silica particles are used, it is more preferable that they have hydrophobicity.

[0091] Although not particularly limited, the inorganic filler may be used in an amount of, for example, 1 part by weight or more, 2 parts by weight or more, 3 parts by weight or more, or 4 parts by weight or more, based on the total content of the adhesive composition. Although not particularly limited, the upper limit of the inorganic filler content may be 15 parts by weight or less, or 10 parts by weight or less.

[0092] In one example, the composition may further comprise various kinds of additives. For example, known plasticizers, reactive or non-reactive diluents, coupling agents, fluidity modifiers, thixotropic agents, colorants, and the like may further be included in the adhesive composition. The specific kind of the additive is not particularly limited, and known materials or commercial products may be used without limitation.

[0093] Although not particularly limited, the additive may be used in an amount of, for example, 0.1 parts by weight or more, 1 part by weight or more, 2 parts by weight or more, or 3 parts by weight or more, based on the total content of the adhesive composition. Although not particularly limited, the upper limit of the additive content may be 15 parts by weight or less, 14 parts by weight or less, 13 parts by weight or less, 12 parts by weight or less, 11 parts by weight or less, or 10 parts by weight or less.

[0094] In another example of the present application, the present application relates to a structure comprising a cured product of the adhesive composition. The structure may comprise a base material and a cured product of the adhesive composition cured after being applied on the base material. The base material may comprise a metal component, a plastic component, wood, a glass fiber-containing base material, and the like.

[0095] In one example, the structure may have a form in which two or more base materials are bonded via the cured product. For example, the structure may have a form in which a metal and a metal are bonded via the cured product, a form in which a metal and a plastic are bonded via the cured product, or a form in which a plastic and a plastic are bonded via the cured product. The structure can be used as a structural material for aerospace, wind power generation, ships or automobiles.

[0096] In another example of the present application, the present application relates to a method for producing a structure. The method may comprise steps of applying a composition having a configuration as described above on a surface of a base material and curing the composition applied to the surface of the base material. The application may be performed such that physical contact between the base material and the adhesive composition occurs.

[0097] The method of applying the adhesive composition to the surface of the structure is not particularly limited. For example, jet spraying methods such as swirl or streaming, or mechanical application by an extrusion method can be used. The application may be made to one or more base materials to be bonded.

[0098] The curing temperature is not particularly limited. For example, the curing may be performed at 80°C or more, or 100°C or more. Although not particularly limited, considering heat-resistant stability, it is preferable to perform the curing at a temperature of 220°C or less.

Advantageous Effects



[0099] According to one example of the present application, an adhesive composition providing excellent adhesion strength and impact-resistant strength uniformly over a wide temperature range can be provided.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0100] 

Figure 1 shows the particle size distribution of the core-shell rubbers (in the form of primary particles) prepared according to one embodiment of the present application. The horizontal axis means particle diameters, and the vertical axis means relative numbers of rubbers.

Figure 2 is an image taken to the appearance that the core-shell rubbers prepared according to one embodiment of the present application are dispersed in an epoxy resin.


Best Mode



[0101] Hereinafter, the present application will be described through examples and comparative examples. However, the scope of the present application is not limited by the scope set forth below.

Production Examples


* Production Example 1: Production of core-shell rubber assembly



[0102] First step (production of core): 70 parts by weight of ion-exchanged water, 60 parts by weight of 1,3-butadiene as a monomer, 1.0 part by weight of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate as an emulsifier, 0.85 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 0.28 parts by weight of tertiary dodecyl mercaptan and 0.28 parts by weight of persulfate potassium as an initiator were introduced into a nitrogen-substituted polymerization reactor, and reacted at 75°C until a polymerization conversion ratio was 30 to 40%. Thereafter, 0.3 parts by weight of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate was introduced thereto, 20 parts by weight of 1.3-butadiene was further introduced thereto, and the temperature was raised to 80°C to terminate the reaction at the time when the polymerization conversion ratio was 95%. The produced polymer had a latex gel content of 73%. At this time, the rubber latex was coagulated with a dilute acid or a metal salt, and then washed, dried in a vacuum oven at 60°C for 24 hours, and 1 g of the resulting rubber was placed in 100 g of toluene and stored in a dark room at room temperature for 48 hours, and then the latex gel content was measured by separating the sol and the gel.

[0103] Second step: 70 parts by weight of the produced rubber latex was put into a closed reactor, and the temperature of the reactor filled with nitrogen was raised to 75°C. Thereafter, 0.1 parts by weight of sodium pyrophosphate, 0.2 parts by weight of dextrose and 0.002 parts by weight of ferrous sulfide were introduced into the reactor in a lump.

[0104] In a separate mixing device, 25.5 parts by weight of methyl methacrylate, 4.5 parts by weight of styrene, 0.5 parts by weight of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate as an emulsifier, 0.1 parts by weight of cumene hydroperoxide and 20 parts by weight of ion-exchanged water were mixed to prepare a monomer emulsion.

[0105] To the reactor to which the rubber latex had been introduced, the emulsion was continuously added over 3 hours, and then, after 30 minutes, 0.03 parts by weight of hydroperoxide was added and aged at the same temperature for 1 hour to terminate the reaction at the time when the polymerization conversion ratio was 98%.

[0106] At an appropriate time in the process, the average particle diameter of the core measured by Nicomp N300 dynamic light scattering equipment was 320 nm, and the average particle diameter of the core-shell rubber resin latex was 345 nm.

[0107] In addition, the particle size distribution of the produced core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles was measured, and the results were described in Figure 1.

[0108] Thereafter, an antioxidant was added to the reactant, aggregated with magnesium sulfate, and then dehydrated and dried to produce a core-shell rubber in an aggregated form.

* Production Example 2: Production of modified urethane resin



[0109] 67 g of branched polypropylene glycol having an OH equivalent of 1,000, 22.23 g of isophorone diisocyanate and 13.4 g of allylphenol and 0.1 g of a tin catalyst were mixed in a nitrogen-substituted polymerization reactor, and the reaction was performed at 75°C to produce a modified urethane resin.

* Production Example 3: Production of structural adhesive



[0110] The compositions of Examples and Comparative Examples containing the components shown in Table 1 below in predetermined contents (weight ratio: parts by weight) were prepared as adhesive materials. Specifically, the core-shell rubber conglomerates and the epoxy resins were placed in a planetary mixer and mixed at 80°C for 5 hours. The appearance that the core-shell rubbers are dispersed in the epoxy resin is as shown in Figure 2. Thereafter, the remaining components excluding 'the urethane resin, the curing agent and the catalyst' were placed in the planetary mixer and stirred at 80°C for 3 hours. Finally, the temperature was lowered to 40°C, 'the urethane resin, the curing agent and the catalyst' were put in the planetary mixer and mixed for 1 hour, and then the temperature was lowered to room temperature (about 23°C) to terminate the kneading.

Method of measuring physical properties


* Impact peel strength



[0111] Five specimens were manufactured for each of Examples and Comparative Examples, and an object weighing 45 kg was dropped freely at a rate of 2 m/s at a height of 1.5 m in accordance with DIN ISO 11343, and the impact peel strength (unit: N/mm) was measured at each of 80°C, 23°C and -40°C and the average value was taken.

[0112] In the case of the specimen, two cold rolled steel having a size of 90 mm x 25 mm x 1.6 mm (length x width x thickness) and a strength of 440 MPa were prepared, and the adhesive was applied to a predetermined area of the cold rolled steel so that the adhesive area of the cold rolled steel was 25 mm x 30 mm, and cured at 180°C for 20 minutes. Using glass beads, the thickness of the adhesive layer was kept uniform at 0.2 mm. The measurement results were described in Table 2.

* Shear strength experiment



[0113] For the specimens prepared in connection with Examples and Comparative Examples, five shear strength measurements were performed in accordance with DIN EN 1465 and the average value was taken. At this time, the shear strength (unit: Mpa) measurement was made under conditions of 10 mm/min and 23°C.

[0114] In the case of the specimen, two cold rolled steel sheets having a size of 100 mm x 25 mm x 1.6 mm (length x width x thickness) and a strength of 440 MPa were prepared, and the adhesive was applied to a predetermined area of the cold rolled steel so that the adhesive area of the cold rolled steel was 25 mm x 10 mm, and cured at 180°C for 20 minutes. Using glass beads, the thickness of the adhesive layer was kept uniform at 0.2 mm. The measurement results were described in Table 2.

Experiment results



[0115] 
[Table 1]
 ExampleComparative Example
121234
First epoxy resin1) 20 13 20 8 8 26.7
Second epoxy resin2) 20 20 20 20 20 20
Third epoxy resin3) 4 4 4 4 4 4
Core-shell rubber4) 18 15 - - - -
Core-shell rubber5) 10 20 10 10 - -
Core-shell rubber6) - - 18 - 10 21.3
Liquid rubber6) - - - 30 30 -
Urethane resin8) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Diluent(mono epoxy)9) 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Colorant10) 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Curing agent11) 6 6 6 6 6 6
Catalyst12) 1 1 1 1 1 1
CaCO3 7 7 7 7 7 7
WOllastonite 5 5 5 5 5 5
Fumed silica13) 2 2 2 2 2 2
Silane coupling agent14) 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35
1. First epoxy resin1): Bisphenol A-based epoxy resin (YD128) having an epoxy equivalent of less than 300
2. Second epoxy resin2): Bisphenol F-based epoxy resin (YD170) having an epoxy equivalent of less than 300
3. Third epoxy resin3): Bisphenol A-based epoxy resin (YD011) having an epoxy equivalent of 300 or more
4. Core-shell rubber4): Core-shell rubber of Production Example 1
5. Core-shell rubber5): Kaneka MX-153 as a primary particle shaped epoxy dispersion rubber (rubber content of 33%)
6. Core-shell rubber6): Paralloid EXL2600 from DOW
7. Liquid rubber6): Struktol polydis 3604
8. Urethane resin8): Resin of Production Example 2
9. Diluent (mono epoxy)9): NC513 from Cardolite
10. Colorant10): Pigment violet 23
11: Curing agent11): Airproduct 1200G
12: Catalyst12): Evonik Amicure UR7/10
13: Fumed silica13): Cabo TS720
14: Silane coupling agent14): GE Advanced material A-187
[Table 2]
 ExampleComparative Example
121234
Impact strength (-40°C) 37 39 10 6 5 X
Impact strength (23°C) 45 43 36 33 30 40
Shear strength (23°C) 35 32 34 25 22 32
X: the case where the stably measured value is not obtained because the measured value is very low



Claims

1. An adhesive composition comprising:

(a) one or more epoxy resins;

(b) a core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles;

(c) a core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles in which two or more core-shell rubbers in the form of primary particles are aggregated; and

(d) one or more epoxy curing agents.


 
2. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, comprising an epoxy resin having an epoxy equivalent of 200 or less.
 
3. The adhesive composition according to claim 1 comprising two or more epoxy resins having different epoxy equivalents, molecular weights, or viscosities.
 
4. The adhesive composition according to claim 3, comprising one or more of bisphenol A-based epoxy resins and bisphenol F-based epoxy resins, having different epoxy equivalents from each other.
 
5. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, wherein the core-shell rubber (b) in the form of primary particles has an average particle diameter of 250 nm to 500 nm.
 
6. The adhesive composition according to claim 5, wherein the cores in the core-shell rubber (b) in the form of primary particles have an average particle diameter of 180 to 495 nm.
 
7.  The adhesive composition according to claim 1, wherein the core-shell rubber (b) in the form of primary particles has an average particle diameter of 10 nm to 300 nm.
 
8. The adhesive composition according to claim 5 or 7, wherein the core-shell rubber (b) in the form of primary particles has a ratio of the core particle diameter to the total particle diameter of the core-shell satisfying 0.8 to 0.99.
 
9. The adhesive composition according to claim 5 or 7, wherein the core-shell rubber (c) in the form of secondary particles has an average particle diameter of 2 µm or less.
 
10. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, wherein the core-shell rubbers (b) and (c) have butadiene-based cores.
 
11. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, wherein the ratio (CA/DA) of the average particle diameter (DA) of the primary particles in the dispersed core-shell rubber to the average particle diameter (CA) of the aggregated core-shell rubber in the secondary particle state is in a range of 1 to 10.
 
12. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, wherein the ratio (W1/W2) of the weight (W1) of the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles to the weight (W2) of the aggregated core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles is in a range of 0.1 to 20.
 
13. The adhesive composition according to claim 12, wherein the ratio (W1/W2) of the weight (W1) of the core-shell rubber in the form of primary particles to the weight (W2) of the aggregated core-shell rubber in the form of secondary particles is in a range of 0.2 to 20.
 
14. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, comprising 1 to 25 parts by weight of the core-shell rubber (b) in the form of primary particles based on the total content of the adhesive composition.
 
15. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, comprising 5 to 35 parts by weight of the core-shell rubber (c) in the form of secondary particles based on the total content of the adhesive composition.
 
16. The adhesive composition according to claim 1, further comprising a urethane resin in which isocyanate ends are blocked.
 
17. A structure comprising a cured product of the adhesive composition according to claim 1; and a base material in contact with the cured product.
 
18. A method for producing a structure comprising steps of: applying the composition according to claim 1 to a surface of a base material; and curing the composition applied to the surface of the base material.
 




Drawing







Search report










Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description