(19)
(11)EP 3 896 511 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
20.10.2021 Bulletin 2021/42

(21)Application number: 21167674.7

(22)Date of filing:  09.04.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 15/08(2006.01)
G02B 15/12(2006.01)
G03B 17/56(2021.01)
G02B 15/10(2006.01)
G02B 27/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
G02B 15/12; G03B 17/565; G02B 27/0025; G02B 15/10; G02B 15/08
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 13.04.2020 JP 2020071688

(71)Applicant: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
OHTA-KU Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHIMOMURA, Kazuya
    Ohta-ku, 146-8501 (JP)
  • YUKI, Akihiko
    Ohta-ku, 146-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: Canon Europe Limited 
European Intellectual Property Group 3 The Square, Stockley Park
Uxbridge UB11 1ET
Uxbridge UB11 1ET (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
  
      


    (54)REDUCTION OPTICAL SYSTEM AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS


    (57) A reduction optical system disposed on an image side of a main optical system, a composite focal length of the main optical system and the reduction optical system being shorter than a focal length of the main optical system, includes a first lens element disposed closest to an object side and having a positive refractive power, a second lens element disposed closest to an image side and having a positive refractive power, and a positive lens and a negative lens disposed between the first lens element and the second lens element.




    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a reduction optical system and an image pickup apparatus.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Japanese Patent No. 6413211 and U.S. Patent No. 8903232 both discuss a reduction optical system disposed on an image side of a main optical system (interchangeable lens). A composite focal length of the main optical system and the reduction optical system is shorter than a focal length of the main optical system.

    [0003] A small image pickup apparatus with an importance placed on mobility and operability is desired as an image pickup apparatus for movies and for still image pickup, and thus a small reduction optical system is also required. In addition, the reduction optical system having high optical performance while having sufficient back focus is also required. In the reduction optical system discussed in Japanese Patent No. 6413211, a negative lens having the strongest refractive power is disposed closest to an image side. Accordingly, a length of the back focus is insufficient. In the reduction optical system discussed in U.S. Patent No. 8903232, a lens closest to an object side is a negative lens. As a result, a diameter of a lens on an image side of the negative lens is large.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] An aspect of embodiments provides, for example, a reduction optical system beneficial in a small size, a sufficient back focus, and high optical performance thereof.

    [0005] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a reduction optical system as specified in claims 1 to 8. According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an image pick up apparatus as specified in claims 9 to 10.

    [0006] Further features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of exemplary embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0007] 

    Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 1.

    Fig. 2 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 1 is attached to a main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 2.

    Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 2 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 3.

    Fig. 6 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 3 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 4.

    Fig. 8 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 4 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 5.

    Fig. 10 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 5 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 6.

    Fig. 12 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 6 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 7.

    Fig. 14 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 7 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional view of the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 16 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of the main optical system focusing on infinity.

    Fig. 17 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of an image pickup apparatus.

    Fig. 18 is a diagram illustrating another configuration example of the image pickup apparatus.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0008] An exemplary embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings. In all of the diagrams illustrating the exemplary embodiment, the same members are denoted by the same reference numerals, and repetitive descriptions are omitted in principle (unless otherwise noted). Each of the embodiments of the present invention described below can be implemented solely or as a combination of a plurality of the embodiments or features thereof where necessary or where the combination of elements or features from individual embodiments in a single embodiment is beneficial.

    [0009] A reduction optical system (rear wide converter) according to the present exemplary embodiment is described. The reduction optical system is disposed on an image side of a main optical system (interchangeable lens). A composite focal length of the main optical system and the reduction optical system is shorter than a focal length of the main optical system. The reduction optical system is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. The reduction optical system includes a first lens element (single lens or cemented lens) that is disposed closest to an object side and has positive refractive power, and a second lens element (single lens or cemented lens) that is disposed closest to an image side and has positive refractive power. The reduction optical system further includes a positive lens (lens having positive refractive power) and a negative lens (lens having negative refractive power) between the first lens element and the second lens element. The positive lens is a single lens having positive refractive power or a lens having positive refractive power out of a cemented lens. The negative lens is a single lens having negative refractive power or a lens having negative refractive power out of a cemented lens.

    [0010] The optical action of the above-described configuration is described. First, the first lens element that is disposed closest to the object side and has the positive refractive power is advantageous to reduce a diameter of each of lenses disposed on an image side of the first lens element. Further, a rear principle point of the reduction optical system can be disposed on the image side by the second lens element that is disposed closest to the image side and has the positive refractive power. Accordingly, it is advantageous to secure sufficient back focus. Moreover, the positive lens and the negative lens described above are provided between the first lens element and the second lens element, which is advantageous in terms of high optical performance. For example, it is possible to reduce chromatic aberration and astigmatism of the reduction optical system.

    [0011] The reduction optical system preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,

    where fp1 is a focal length of the first lens element, and f is a focal length of the reduction optical system. When the conditional expression (1) is satisfied, the refractive power of the first lens element becomes appropriate, and the reduction optical system advantageous in terms of small size and high optical performance can be realized. If the conditional expression (1) is not satisfied about an upper limit value, the refractive power of the first lens element becomes excessively weaker than the refractive power of the reduction optical system. Accordingly, the diameter of each of the lenses disposed on the image side of the first lens element becomes large, which is disadvantageous in terms of small size of the reduction optical system. If the conditional expression (1) is not satisfied about a lower limit value, the refractive power of the first lens element becomes excessively stronger than the refractive power of the reduction optical system. Accordingly, a curvature of each of the lenses configuring the reduction optical system becomes large, which is disadvantageous in terms of optical performance (spherical aberration, high-order aberration of curvature of field, etc.) of the reduction optical system.

    [0012] The reduction optical system more preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,



    [0013] Further, the reduction optical system preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,

    where fp2 is a focal length of the second lens element. When the conditional expression (2) is satisfied, the refractive power of the first lens element and the refractive power of the second lens element become appropriate, which makes it possible to realize the reduction optical system advantageous in terms of sufficient back focus and small size. If the conditional expression (2) is not satisfied about an upper limit value, the refractive power of the first lens element becomes excessively weak. Thus, the diameter of each of the lenses disposed on the image side of the first lens element becomes large, which is disadvantageous in terms of small size of the reduction optical system. If the conditional expression (2) is not satisfied about a lower limit value, the refractive power of the second lens element becomes excessively weak. This makes it difficult to dispose the rear principle point of the reduction optical system on the image side, which is disadvantageous to secure sufficient back focus.

    [0014] The reduction optical system more preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,



    [0015] Further, the reduction optical system preferably includes at least one positive lens satisfying the following conditional expressions,



    where Nph is a refractive index of the positive lens configuring the reduction optical system, and fph is a focal length of the positive lens configuring the reduction optical system. When the conditional expressions (3) and (4) are satisfied, for example, curvature of field is effectively corrected, which makes it possible to realize the reduction optical system advantageous in terms of high optical performance. If the conditional expression (3) is not satisfied, the refractive power of the positive lens configuring the reduction optical system becomes excessively weaker than the reduction optical system having the positive refractive power. Thus, an absolute value of a Petzval sum is increased and the field of curvature becomes remarkable, which is disadvantageous to obtain high optical performance. If the conditional expression (4) is not satisfied about an upper limit value, the refractive power of the positive lens satisfying the conditional expression (3) becomes excessively weak. Thus, the absolute value of the Petzval sum is increased, which is disadvantageous to obtain high optical performance. If the conditional expression (4) is not satisfied about a lower limit value, the refractive power of the positive lens satisfying the expression (3) becomes excessively strong. Thus, the curvature of the lens configuring the reduction optical system is increased, which is disadvantageous in terms of optical performance (e.g., spherical aberration, high-order aberration of curvature of field) of the reduction optical system.

    [0016] The reduction optical system more preferably satisfies the following conditional expressions,





    [0017] Further, the reduction optical system satisfies the following conditional expression,

    where the first lens element is a single lens, and fn is a focal length of the negative lens disposed closest to the object side. When the conditional expression (5) is satisfied, the reduction optical system that is advantageous in terms of sufficient back focus and high optical performance can be realized. If the conditional expression (5) is not satisfied about an upper limit value, the refractive power of the negative lens becomes excessively stronger than the refractive power of the reduction optical system. Thus, the curvature of the negative lens is increased, which is disadvantageous in terms of optical performance (e.g., spherical aberration, high-order aberration of curvature of field) of the reduction optical system. If the conditional expression (5) is not satisfied about a lower limit value, the refractive power of the negative lens becomes excessively weaker than the refractive power of the reduction optical system, which is disadvantageous to secure sufficient back focus.

    [0018] The reduction optical system more preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,



    [0019] Further, the reduction optical system preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,

    where r1 is a radius of curvature on the object side of the negative lens disposed closest to the object side. When the conditional expression (6) is satisfied, the object-side surface of the negative lens is a concave surface. This makes it possible to realize the reduction optical system advantageous in terms of high optical performance. If the conditional expression (6) is not satisfied about an upper limit value, the radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the negative lens becomes excessively large. Thus, the correction effect of the spherical aberration is lowered, which is disadvantageous in terms of high optical performance. If the conditional expression (6) is not satisfied about a lower limit value, the curvature of radius on the object-side surface of the negative lens becomes excessively small. Thus, high-order spherical aberration occurs, which is disadvantageous in terms of high optical performance.

    [0020] The reduction optical system more preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,



    [0021] Further, in the reduction optical system, the lens disposed closest to the image side out of the second lens element is preferably a positive lens. The rear principle point of the reduction optical system can be disposed sufficiently on the image side by the positive lens. This is advantageous to obtain sufficient back focus.

    [0022] Further, the reduction optical system satisfies the following conditional expression,

    where β is a lateral magnification of the reduction optical system disposed on the image side of the main optical system. If the conditional expression (7) is not satisfied about an upper limit value, the action to make the obtained focal length shorter than the focal length of the main optical system is excessively lowered. If the conditional expression (7) is not satisfied about a lower limit value, the action to make the obtained focal length shorter than the focal length of the main optical system is increased, but the refractive power of the reduction optical system becomes excessively strong, which is disadvantageous in terms of high optical performance.

    [0023] The reduction optical system more preferably satisfies the following conditional expression,



    [0024] Further, according to the present exemplary embodiment, it is possible to configure an image pickup apparatus including the above-described reduction optical system and an image pickup element that picks up an image formed via the reduction optical system. Alternatively, it is possible to configure an image pickup apparatus that includes an image pickup apparatus main body including the above-described reduction optical system. Therefore, according to the present exemplary embodiment, it is possible to realize the image pickup apparatus having the above-described advantages of the reduction optical system.

    [0025] Examples 1 to 7 according to the present exemplary embodiment are described.

    [Example 1]



    [0026] Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 1 (corresponding to Numerical Example 1). Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional view of a main optical system that focuses on infinity and is attached to a reduction optical system of each of Examples. Fig. 16 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of the main optical system focusing on infinity. Unless otherwise noted, a unit of a length is mm also in Numerical Examples described below.

    [0027] In Fig. 1, CV indicates the reduction optical system, and F indicates a glass block such as a filter. In Fig. 15, ML indicates the main optical system, and SP indicates an aperture stop. In Fig. 1 and Fig. 15, I indicates an image plane, and an image pickup surface of the image pickup element may be disposed on the image plane I. In the diagram illustrating the longitudinal aberrations, a straight line and an alternate long and two short dashes line in spherical aberration respectively correspond to a d-line and a g-line. A dashed line and a solid line in astigmatism respectively correspond to a meridional image plane and a sagittal image plane. An alternate long and two short dashes line in magnification chromatic aberration corresponds to the g-line. Further, ω indicates a half field angle, and Fno indicates an F-number. A full scale of a lateral axis in the diagram illustrating the longitudinal aberrations is set to ±0.400 mm in spherical aberration, ±0.400 mm in astigmatism, ±5.000% in distortion, and ±0.100 mm in magnification chromatic aberration. In addition, the main optical system corresponds to 35 mm full-size as an image size, and an image circle thereof has a diameter of 43.3 mm.

    [0028] Fig. 2 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 1 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.638 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side in the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example consists of, in order from the object side, a meniscus convex lens G1 concave on the image side, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G2 and a meniscus convex lens G3 concave on the image side, a meniscus concave lens G4 convex on the object side, and a biconvex lens G5. In the present example, the first lens element is the meniscus convex lens G1, the second lens element is the biconvex lens G5, and the negative lens disposed closest to the object side is the biconcave lens G2. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.710 times is obtained. Lenses G1, G3, and G5 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G2 and G4 are negative refractive power lenses.

    [0029] Details of numerical values according to each of numerical examples are described below. In each of the numerical examples, r is a radius of curvature of each surface, d is a distance between surfaces, nd or Nd is an absolute refractive index with respect to a d-line of a Fraunhofer line at 1 atmospheric pressure, vd is an Abbe number, and BF is back focus (air conversion length). The definition of the Abbe number vd is similar to the definition commonly used, that is, the Abbe number vd is represented as follows,

    where Ng, NF, Nd, and NC are respectively refractive indices with respect to a g-line, an F-line, a D-line, and a C-line of a Fraunhofer line.

    [0030] An aspherical surface shape is represented while an X-axis extends in an optical axis direction, an H-axis extends in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis direction, and a light traveling direction is positive. The aspherical surface shape (deviation amount from reference spherical surface) is represented by the following expression,

    where R is a paraxial radius of curvature, k is a conic constant, and A4, A6, A8, A10, and A12 are aspherical surface coefficients. In addition, "e-Z" means "× 10-Z".

    [0031] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [0032] An image pickup apparatus including the reduction optical system CV according to the present example is described. Fig. 17 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of the image pickup apparatus. In Fig. 17, an image pickup apparatus 1 may be, for example, a so-called lens interchangeable image pickup apparatus including an optical system 2 that includes the main optical system ML and the reduction optical system CV. The image pickup apparatus may be a so-called mirrorless camera. The optical system 2 has a configuration in which the reduction optical system CV is attached on the image side of the main optical system ML. In the image pickup apparatus 1, the optical system 2 forms, by light from an object (not illustrated), an image (object image) on an image pickup surface of an image pickup element 3 disposed inside an image pickup apparatus main body 5, through an optical low-pass filter (not illustrated). The image pickup element 3 picks up (performs photoelectric conversion of) the image to generate image data. The image data is displayed on a display unit 4 (image display unit such as electronic viewfinder) included in the image pickup apparatus 1 (image pickup apparatus main body 5). A user of the image pickup apparatus 1 can observe the object through the display unit 4. When an image pickup starting member (e.g., release button) is operated by the user, the image data obtained through the image pickup element 3 is stored in, for example, a storage unit (memory) mounted in the image pickup apparatus main body 5. The user can capture the image of the object by the image pickup apparatus 1 in the above-described manner. Fig. 18 is a diagram illustrating another configuration example of the image pickup apparatus. In Fig. 18, the image pickup apparatus 1 includes an image pickup apparatus main body 6 that includes a reduction optical system 5 (CV). Other parts of the configuration of the image pickup apparatus main body 6 is similar to the configuration in Fig. 17. A main optical system 2 (ML) is attached to the image pickup apparatus main body 6 without through a reduction optical system 5 (CV). According to the present example, it is possible to provide the image pickup apparatus 1 including the reduction optical system CV advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. The image pickup apparatus according to the present example is not limited to the so-called mirrorless camera, and may be a single-lens reflex camera that includes a quick-return mirror in the image pickup apparatus main body 5 and enables observation of the object image through an optical finder system. Further, the image pickup apparatus according to the present example may be used as a camera for videos, for movies, and for broadcasting. As described above, according to the present example, it is possible to provide the reduction optical system advantageous in terms of, for example, small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance.

    [Example 2]



    [0033] Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 2 (corresponding to Numerical Example 2). Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 2 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.640 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side in the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example consists of, in order from the object side, a meniscus convex lens G1 concave on the image side, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G2, a meniscus convex lens G3 concave on the image side, and a meniscus concave lens G4 convex on the object side, and a biconvex lens G5. In the present example, the first lens element is the meniscus convex lens G1, the second lens element is the biconvex lens G5, and the negative lens disposed closest to the object side is the biconcave lens G2. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.710 times is obtained. Lenses G1, G3, and G5 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G2 and G4 are negative refractive power lenses.

    [0034] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [Example 3]



    [0035] Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 3 (corresponding to Numerical Example 3). Fig. 6 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 3 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.640 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side in the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example consists of, in order from the object side, a meniscus convex lens G1 concave on the image side, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G2 and a meniscus convex lens G3 concave on the image side, a meniscus concave lens G4 convex on the object side, and a cemented lens obtained by cementing a meniscus concave lens G5 convex on the object side and a biconvex lens G6. In the present example, the first lens element is the meniscus convex lens G1, the second lens element is the cemented lens obtained by cementing the meniscus concave lens G5 and the biconvex lens G6, and the negative lens disposed closest to the object side is the biconcave lens G2. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.780 times is obtained. Lenses G1, G3, and G6 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G2, G4, and G5 are negative refractive power lenses. The second lens element obtained by cementing the meniscus concave lens G5 and the biconvex lens G6 has a positive refractive power.

    [0036] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [Example 4]



    [0037] Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 4 (corresponding to Numerical Example 4). Fig. 8 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 4 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.636 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side in the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example consists of, in order from the object side, a biconvex lens G1, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G2 and a biconvex lens G3, a biconcave lens G4, and a biconvex lens G5. In the present example, the first lens element is the biconvex lens G1, the second lens element is the biconvex lens G5, and the negative lens disposed closest to the object side is the biconcave lens G2. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.650 times is obtained. Lenses G1, G3, and G5 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G2 and G4 are negative refractive power lenses.

    [0038] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [Example 5]



    [0039] Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 5 (corresponding to Numerical Example 5). Fig. 10 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 5 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.640 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side in the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example includes, in order from the object side, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a meniscus concave lens G1 convex on the object side and a meniscus convex lens G2 concave on the image side, and a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G3 and a meniscus convex lens G4 concave on the image side. The reduction optical system according to the present example further includes a meniscus concave lens G5 convex on the object side, and a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconvex lens G6 and a meniscus concave lens G7 convex on the image side. In the present example, the first lens element is the cemented lens obtained by cementing the meniscus concave lens G1 and the meniscus convex lens G2, and the second lens element is the cemented lens obtained by cementing the biconvex lens G6 and the meniscus concave lens G7. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.730 times is obtained. Lenses G2, G4 and G6 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G1, G3, G5, and G7 are negative refractive power lenses. The first lens element obtained by cementing the meniscus concave lens G1 and the meniscus convex lens G2, and the second lens element obtained by cementing the biconvex lens G6 and the meniscus concave lens G7, have positive refractive powers.

    [0040] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [Example 6]



    [0041] Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 6 (corresponding to Numerical Example 6). Fig. 12 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 6 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.640 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side in the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example consists of, in order from the object side, a meniscus convex lens G1 concave on the image side, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G2, a meniscus convex lens G3 concave on the image side, and a meniscus concave lens G4 convex on the object side, and a biconvex lens G5. In the present example, the first lens element is the meniscus convex lens G1, the second lens element is the biconvex lens G5, and the negative lens disposed closest to the object side is the biconcave lens G2. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.710 times is obtained. Lenses G1, G3, and G5 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G2 and G4 are negative refractive power lenses.

    [0042] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [Example 7]



    [0043] Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view of a reduction optical system according to Example 7 (corresponding to Numerical Example 7). Fig. 14 is a diagram illustrating longitudinal aberrations of an optical system in which the reduction optical system according to Example 7 is attached to the main optical system focusing on infinity. The surface closest to the object side of the reduction optical system according to the present example is disposed at a position separated toward the image side by 2.000 mm from a 16th surface that is the surface closest to the image side of the main optical system. The reduction optical system according to the present example consists of, in order from the object side, a meniscus convex lens G1 concave on the image side, a cemented lens obtained by cementing a biconcave lens G2 and a biconvex lens G3, a biconcave lens G4, and a biconvex lens G5. In the present example, the first lens element is the meniscus convex lens G1, the second lens element is the biconvex lens G5, and the negative lens disposed closest to the object side is the biconcave lens G2. By attaching the reduction optical system according to the present example to the main optical system, an image circle having a diameter that is obtained by multiplying the diameter of the image circle of the main optical system 0.783 times is obtained. Lenses G1, G3, and G5 are positive refractive power lenses. Lenses G2 and G4 are negative refractive power lenses.

    [0044] Table 1 illustrates values related to the conditional expressions (1) to (7) according to the present example. The present example can provide a reduction optical system that satisfies all of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) and is advantageous in terms of small size, sufficient back focus, and high optical performance. It is sufficient for the reduction optical system according to the present example to have a configuration according to claim 1 described below, and the conditional expressions (1) to (7) may not be necessarily satisfied. In a case where at least one of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) is satisfied, it is possible to exert more remarkable effects as compared with a case where no conditional expression is satisfied.

    [Numerical Examples]


    <Main Optical System>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0045] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    1 80.741 3.92 1.77250 49.6 35.49
    2 - 851.470 0.15     35.15
    3 28.940 6.73 1.83481 42.7 33.03
    4 53.453 1.56     30.04
    5 81.904 3.28 1.72047 34.7 29.30
    6 18.258 7.54     24.49
    7 (diaphragm) 5.08     24.36
    8 -27.317 1.39 1.73800 32.3 24.25
    9 29.595 8.79 1.88100 40.1 27.13
    10 -31.996 2.12     27.74
    11 -21.263 2.52 1.72047 34.7 27.68
    12 -82.521 0.15     30.73
    13 723.827 7.10 1.59522 67.7 31.74
    14 -28.930 0.15     32.40
    15* 625.332 4.12 1.77250 49.5 31.05
    16 -56.842 39.81     30.80
    Image Plane        

    Aspherical Surface Data



    [0046] 15th Surface
    K = 0.00000e+000 A4 = -2.77448e-006 A6 = -3.60131e-010 A8 = -1.23803e-011
    A10 = 4.76619e-014 A12 = -6.88926e-017

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0047] 
    Focal Length 51.46
    F-number 1.45
    Half Field Angle 22.80
    Image Height 21.64
    Total Lens Length 94.41
    BF 39.81
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -56.91
    Position of Front Principle Point 51.17
    Position of Rear Principle Point -11.65

    <Numerical Example 1>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0048] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 50.909 3.53 2.00100 29.1 31.73
    18 206.169 1.96     31.42
    19 - 106.066 1.20 1.62004 36.3 31.38
    20 26.641 7.00 2.00100 29.1 31.20
    21 172.336 0.17     30.45
    22 94.213 1.15 1.94594 18.0 30.18
    23 25.510 3.53     28.62
    24 80.745 4.59 1.69680 55.5 28.91
    25 -63.832 7.08     29.24
    26 2.50 1.54430 69.9 50.00
    27 2.00     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0049] 
    Focal Length 36.54
    F-number 1.03
    Half Field Angle 22.05
    Image Height 14.80
    Total Lens Length 91.95
    BF 2.00
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -276.12
    Position of Front Principle Point 58.82
    Position of Rear Principle Point -34.54

    <Numerical Example 2>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0050] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 47.832 4.27 1.95375 32.3 31.67
    18 1940.867 1.20     31.34
    19 -118.503 1.00 1.74951 35.3 31.30
    20 21.634 8.19 1.95375 32.3 30.48
    21 100.856 1.00 1.89286 20.4 29.63
    22 25.910 3.42     28.46
    23 80.683 4.62 1.72916 54.7 28.81
    24 -55.811 7.00     29.15
    25 2.50 1.51633 64.1 50.00
    26 2.04     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0051] 
    Focal Length 36.54
    F-number 1.03
    Half Field Angle 22.05
    Image Height 14.80
    Total Lens Length 92.47
    BF 10.69
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -288.00
    Position of Front Principle Point 59.02
    Position of Rear Principle Point -34.50

    <Numerical Example 3>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0052] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 46.285 3.75 2.00100 29.1 32.91
    18 168.332 1.34     32.44
    19 -365.708 1.20 1.70154 41.2 32.36
    20 27.525 5.46 1.91650 31.6 31.05
    21 87.039 0.18     30.40
    22 59.557 1.15 1.94594 18.0 30.16
    23 27.818 3.83     28.84
    24 176.644 1.20 1.85478 24.8 28.97
    25 67.243 5.89 1.69680 55.5 29.21
    26 -77.318 8.00     29.65
    27 2.50 1.51633 64.1 50.00
    28 2.16     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0053] 
    Focal Length 40.14
    F-number 1.13
    Half Field Angle 20.24
    Image Height 14.80
    Total Lens Length 93.90
    BF 11.81
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -122.63
    Position of Front Principle Point 54.31
    Position of Rear Principle Point -37.98

    <Numerical Example 4>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0054] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 62.121 3.51 1.90043 37.4 31.27
    18 - 4465.572 2.00     31.16
    19 -66.735 0.90 1.59270 35.3 31.13
    20 24.721 8.32 2.05090 26.9 31.87
    21 - 7017.427 0.32     31.14
    22 -793.922 0.90 1.94594 18.0 31.02
    23 26.876 2.90     29.42
    24 62.445 5.25 1.88300 40.8 29.66
    25 -58.236 6.00     29.88
    26 2.50 1.51633 64.1 50.00
    27 (variable)     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0055] 
    Focal Length 33.45
    F-number 0.94
    Half Field Angle 22.42
    Image Height 13.80
    Total Lens Length 91.91
    BF 9.73
    Position ofEntrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil 275.35
    Position of Front Principle Point 64.63
    Position of Rear Principle Point -31.37

    <Numerical Example 5>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0056] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 63.198 1.00 1.48749 70.2 31.42
    18 43.080 4.44 2.00100 29.1 31.22
    19 253.678 1.53     30.84
    20 - 138.197 1.00 1.69895 30.1 30.79
    21 26.572 6.08 2.00100 29.1 30.40
    22 104.760 0.24     29.81
    23 70.696 1.00 1.94594 18.0 29.65
    24 28.124 3.58     28.58
    25 140.240 4.71 1.76385 48.5 28.81
    26 -46.751 1.00 1.85478 24.8 29.14
    27 -63.583 7.00     29.49
    28 2.50 1.51633 64.1 50.00
    29 2.10     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0057] 
    Focal Length 37.57
    F-number 1.06
    Half Field Angle 21.50
    Image Height 14.80
    Total Lens Length 93.41
    BF 10.75
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -227.93
    Position of Front Principle Point 58.52
    Position of Rear Principle Point -35.47

    <Numerical Example 6>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0058] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 57.454 3.46 1.90525 35.0 31.76
    18 801.829 2.62     31.58
    19 -80.235 1.00 1.59270 35.3 31.39
    20 25.297 6.78 2.05090 26.9 31.54
    21 130.809 1.00 1.92286 18.9 30.83
    22 26.170 3.64   29.31  
    23 84.911 4.86 1.72916 54.7 29.63
    24 -54.246 7.00     29.96
    25 2.50 1.51633 64.1 50.00
    26 2.09     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0059] 
    Focal Length 36.54
    F-number 1.03
    Half Field Angle 22.05
    Image Height 14.80
    Total Lens Length 92.19
    BF 10.74
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -482.65
    Position of Front Principle Point 60.87
    Position of Rear Principle Point -34.45

    <Numerical Example 7>


    Unit mm


    Surface Data



    [0060] 
    Surface NumberrdndvdEffective Diameter
    17 58.301 2.83 1.88300 40.8 30.01
    18 165.148 2.10     29.62
    19 -119.174 1.45 1.51633 64.1 29.58
    20 30.119 6.71 1.90043 37.4 29.75
    21 - 1223.055 0.92     29.20
    22 - 5261.247 1.15 1.85896 22.7 28.79
    23 29.490 2.77     27.78
    24 84.265 4.75 1.61772 49.8 28.05
    25 -70.633 10.59     28.48
    26 2.50 1.54430 69.9 50.00
    27 1.00     50.00
    Image Plane        

    Various Kinds of Data



    [0061] 
    Focal Length 40.10
    F-number 1.17
    Half Field Angle 20.26
    Image Height 14.80
    Total Lens Length 93.36
    BF 13.20
    Position of Entrance Pupil 27.09
    Position of Exit Pupil -134.05
    Position of Front Principle Point 55.28
    Position of Rear Principle Point -39.1
    [Table 1]
      Numerical Example 1Numerical Example 2Numerical Example 3Numerical Example 4
    Conditional Expression (1) fp1/ f 0.802 0.622 0.440 1.245
    Conditional Expression (2) fp1/ fp2 1.288 1.119 0.716 1.954
    Conditional Expression (3) Nph 2.001 1.954 2.001 1.900
    2.001 1.954 1.917 2.051
    Conditional Expression (4) fph/ f 0.802 0.622 0.440 1.245
    0.369 0.333 0.295 0.429
    Conditional Expression (5) fn/f -0.411 -0.295 -0.255 -0.554
    Conditional Expression (6) f/r1 -0.785 -0.697 -0.390 -0.820
    Conditional Expression (7) β 0.710 0.710 0.780 0.650
      f 83.272 82.551 142.774 54.691
    fp1 66.774 51.362 62.809 68.068
    fp2 51.838 45.900 87.698 34.837
    Nph 2.001 1.954 2.001 1.900
    2.001 1.954 1.917 2.051
    fph 66.774 51.362 62.809 68.068
    30.742 27.491 42.078 23.455
    fn -34.223 -24.334 -36.444 -30.324
    r1 -106.066 -118.503 -365.708 -66.735
      Numerical Example 5Numerical Example 6Numerical Example 7 
    Conditional Expression (1) fp1/ f 0.695 0.893 0.756  
    Conditional Expression (2) fp1/ fp2 1.059 1.481 1.602  
    Conditional Expression (3) Nph 2.001 1.905 1.900  
    2.001 2.051    
    Conditional Expression (4) fph/ f 0.564 0.893 0.245  
    0.376 0.378    
    Conditional Expression (5) fn/f - -0.424 -0.348  
    Conditional Expression (6) f/r1 - -0.952 -1.119  
    Conditional Expression (7) B 0.730 0.710 0.783  
      F 90.998 76.353 133.341  
    fp1 63.221 68.215 100.803  
      fp2 59.692 46.074 62.941
    Nph 2.001 1.905 1.900
    2.001 2.051  
    Fph 51.300 68.215 32.729
    34.235 28.892  
    Fn - -32.336 -46.412
    r1 - -80.235 -119.174


    [0062] While the present invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments. The scope of the following claims is to be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and equivalent structures and functions.


    Claims

    1. A reduction optical system (CV) disposed on an image side (I) of a main optical system (ML), a composite focal length of the main optical system (ML) and the reduction optical system (CV) being shorter than a focal length of the main optical system (ML), the reduction optical system (CV) comprising:

    a first lens element (G1; G1, G2) disposed closest to an object side and having a positive refractive power;

    a second lens element (G5; G5, G6; G6, G7) disposed closest to an image side and having a positive refractive power; and

    a positive lens (G3; G4) and a negative lens (G2, G4; G3, G5) disposed between the first lens element (G1; G1, G2) and the second lens element (G5; G5, G6; G6, G7).


     
    2. The reduction optical system according to claim 1, wherein a following conditional expression is satisfied:

    where fp1 is a focal length of the first lens element (G1; G1, G2), and f is a focal length of the reduction optical system (CV).
     
    3. The reduction optical system according to claim 1, wherein a following conditional expression is satisfied:

    where fp1 is a focal length of the first lens element (G1; G1, G2), and fp2 is a focal length of the second lens element (G5; G5, G6; G6, G7).
     
    4. The reduction optical system according to claim 1, wherein the reduction optical system includes at least one positive lens which satisfies following conditional expressions:

    and

    where Nph is a refractive index of one of the at least one positive lens, and fph is a focal length of the one of the at least one positive lens.
     
    5. The reduction optical system according to claim 1, wherein the first lens element (G1) is a single lens, and a following conditional expression is satisfied:

    where fn is a focal length of a negative lens (G2), included in the reduction optical system, disposed closest to the object side, and f is a focal length of the reduction optical system.
     
    6. The reduction optical system according to claim 5, wherein a following conditional expression is satisfied:

    where r1 is a radius of curvature of a surface on an object side of the negative lens (G2) disposed closest to the object side.
     
    7. The reduction optical system according to claim 1, wherein a lens (G5; G6) disposed closest to the image side included in the second lens element is a positive lens.
     
    8. The reduction optical system according to claim 1, wherein a following conditional expression is satisfied:

    where β is a lateral magnification of the reduction optical system (CV) disposed on the image side of the main optical system (ML).
     
    9. An image capturing apparatus (1) comprising:

    the reduction optical system (CV) according to any one of claims 1 to 8, and

    an image pickup element (3) configured to pick up an image formed via the reduction optical system.


     
    10. An image capturing apparatus (1) comprising:
    an image pickup apparatus main body (5) including the reduction optical system (CV) according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description