(19)
(11)EP 3 915 569 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
01.12.2021 Bulletin 2021/48

(21)Application number: 21178709.8

(22)Date of filing:  14.05.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 33/30(2006.01)
A61K 33/34(2006.01)
A61K 33/24(2019.01)
A23K 20/20(2016.01)
A61K 9/00(2006.01)
A61K 33/18(2006.01)
A61K 33/32(2006.01)
A61K 33/04(2006.01)
A23K 20/174(2016.01)
A23K 50/10(2016.01)
A61K 31/714(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A23K 20/174; A61K 33/18; A61K 33/30; A61K 33/34; A23K 50/10; A61K 9/0019; A61K 33/04; A61K 33/32; A61K 33/24; A23K 20/30; A61K 31/714
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
19177219.3 / 3566708
12876862.9 / 2849764

(71)Applicant: Warburton Technology Limited
Dublin 4 (IE)

(72)Inventor:
  • SMITH, William, Alfred
    Dublin, 2 (IE)

(74)Representative: Tetzner, Michael et al
Tetzner & Partner mbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte
Van-Gogh-Strasse 3 81479 München
Van-Gogh-Strasse 3 81479 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
  
     
    Remarks:
    This application was filed on 10-06-2021 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
     


    (54)METHOD FOR PREPARING A TRACE ELEMENT SOLUTION


    (57) The inventions discloses a method for preparing a trace element solution, which trace element solution comprises at least the following metals: zinc; manganese; selenium; and copper; and which comprises Vitamin B12. The solution furthermore comprises butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12 and the inclusion of butaphosphan may have synergistic activity with the minerals.


    Description

    FIELD OF INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a method for preparing a trace element solution.

    [0002] More particularly, the present invention relates to a method for preparing a trace element solution supplemented with Vitamin B12.

    BACKGROUND TO INVENTION



    [0003] It has been found that there is a deficiency of certain trace elements in pastures for livestock in particular areas around the world. Various suggestions have been made to provide the required trace elements to such animals. Different chemical compounds and complexes have been investigated for applying the trace elements by way of licks, drenches or injections.

    [0004] In general the problem with injectable solutions is that the concentrations of the minerals in the solutions is too low. This means that relatively large quantities have to be injected, which in turn causes tissue damage and also abscesses at the site of injection. Furthermore, it is generally the case that different trace elements seldomly are individually sufficient. This means that two or more trace element solutions have to be provided by way of separate injections.

    [0005] ZA 1982/6778 (Laurie) discloses a trace element solution and a method of providing the trace elements to livestock. These trace element solutions include ethylene diamino tetra acetic acid complex of the required mineral in suitable quantities. However, the trace element solution includes no selenium or selenite compound.

    [0006] In the specification and claims the expression EDTA refers to ethylene diaminotetraacetic acid (C10H16O8N2 or (HO2CH2C)2NCH2CH2N-(CH2CO2H)2).

    [0007] US 4,335,116 (Howard) discloses mineral-containing therapeutic compositions containing EDTA complexes of trace elements. Notably, US 4,335,116 utilises tetra-sodium EDTA, a selenium glycine complex, and metal chlorides for the preparation of the EDTA complexes. Unfortunately, the chloride ions cause contamination and each complex solution is to be made individually. Furthermore, overnight time is required for complexing and heating up afterward to speed up the process, requires extra apparatus. If mixtures are required, the individual solutions are to be blended. If various concentrations as well as compositions are to be made, it can only be done in a cumbersome way, requiring extra apparatus. A further problem arises when mixtures of high concentration are needed. In certain cases it would be impossible to deliver them, because mixing is always accompanied by dilution. The maximum concentration achieved with this method was 13,5 mg/ml.

    [0008] US 6,638,539 (Laurie et al) discloses a method of preparing a trace element solution, which includes the steps of providing at least one EDTA-complex, of providing a sodium selenite solution, and of combining the EDTA-complexes and the sodium selenite solution. However, the method enables production of a trace element solution of only about 55 mg/ml.

    [0009] US 7,285,292 (Laurie et al) discloses a trace element solution, which comprises at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, manganese and chromium and which comprises a concentration of the metal(s) of at least 60 mg/ml. The solution further comprises at least one compound selected from the group comprising iodine, potassium iodide, sodium iodide, iron, iron chloride, zinc oxide, manganese sulphate, sodium selenite, copper carbonate, sodium carbonate, anhydrous disodium EDTA and sodium hydroxide. The trace element solution is prepared by a method consisting essentially of the steps of preparing a MnCO3 mixture in a container; adding an EDTA/NaOH mixture to the container and subsequently adding at least one metal compound; and adding Na2SeO3 to the container to obtain the trace element solution. The method also comprises the step of adding CrCl3.6H2O to the trace element solution.

    [0010] Often various other nutritional, dietary or medical components need to be added to the trace element solutions. Though which seems easy to achieve by merely mixing has not proven to be easy as the resulted mixture or solution becomes unstable and murky over time and hence the solution needs to be discarded. The disadvantage is that the solutions cannot be stored for longer periods. Addition of further components is more difficult than it appears resulting in both physical solution instability and in some cases such as vitamin B12 addition - chemical instability.

    [0011] It is an object of the invention to suggest a trace element solution for overcoming these problems.

    SUMMARY OF INVENTION



    [0012] According to the invention, a trace element solution, comprises at least the following metals:
    1. (a) zinc;
    2. (b) manganese;
    3. (c) selenium; and
    4. (d) copper;
    and comprises Vitamin B12.

    [0013] The ratio of zinc to manganese may be at least 2:1.

    [0014] The ratio of zinc to manganese may be at least 4:1.

    [0015] The ratio of zinc to copper may be at least 2:1 or 4:1.

    [0016] The ratio of zinc to selenium may be at least 4:1 or 12:1.

    [0017] The concentration of the metals may be at least 36mg/ml.

    [0018] The trace element solution may comprise the following concentrations:
    1. (a) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;
    2. (b) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;
    3. (c) at least 2 mg/ml selenium;
    4. (d) at least 6 mg/ml copper; and
    5. (e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12.


    [0019] The concentration of the metals may be at least 90mg/ml.

    [0020] The solution may comprise chromium and/or iodine.

    [0021] The solution may comprise butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12.

    [0022] The inclusion of butaphosphan may enable the Vitamin B12 to remain more stable.

    [0023] The inclusion of butaphosphan may have synergistic activity with the minerals.

    [0024] The solution may be an injectable trace element solution.

    [0025] The solution may be visually stable.

    [0026] The invention also extends to a method of preparing a trace element solution as described herein.

    DESCRIPTION OF EXAMPLE



    [0027] The invention will now be described by way of an example of a trace element solution in accordance with the invention.

    [0028] The example relates to a trace element solution predominantly to be used for cattle and includes the mineral elements zinc, manganese, selenium and copper and Vitamin B12.

    [0029] According to the invention, a trace element solution, comprises the following metals:
    1. (a) zinc;
    2. (b) manganese;
    3. (c) selenium; and
    4. (d) copper;
    and comprises Vitamin B12.

    [0030] The ratio of zinc to manganese can be at least 2:1.

    [0031] The ratio of zinc to manganese can be at least 4:1.

    [0032] The ratio of zinc to copper can be at least 2:1 or 4:1.

    [0033] The ratio of zinc to selenium can be at least 4:1 or 12:1.

    [0034] As an example the concentration of the metals is at least 36 mg/ml.

    [0035] As an example the trace element solution comprises the following concentrations:
    1. (a) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;
    2. (b) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;
    3. (c) at least 2 mg/ml selenium;
    4. (d) at least 6 mg/ml copper; and
    5. (e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12.


    [0036] In a further example, the concentration of the metals can be at least 90mg/ml.

    [0037] The solution can comprise chromium and/or iodine.

    [0038] The solution comprises butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12.

    [0039] The inclusion of butaphosphan may have synergistic activity with the minerals

    [0040] The solution is generally an injectable trace element solution.

    [0041] The solution is visually stable.

    1. Objective of the study



    [0042] The objective of the study is to develop a new formulation of an injectable trace element solution supplemented with Vitamin B12.

    [0043] The new formulation is required to include the following characteristics:
    1. (a) Active ingredients: Cu (6mg/ml), Mn (4mg/ml), Zn (24mg/ml) and Se (2mg/ml), Vitamin B12 (0.6 mg/ml) (A further example of the invention is to obtain a product with the following formulation: Active ingredients: Cu (15mg/ml), Mn (10mg/ml), Zn (60mg/ml) and Se (5mg/ml), Vitamin B12 (1.5 mg/ml))
    2. (b) Application: Mineral and vitamin supplement

    2. Formulation Plan



    [0044] The formulation plan consisted of performing two consecutive phases with the aim to select at the end one of several formulation candidates.
    • First phase consisted of feasibility formulation study:
      Based on known injectable processes, with organometallics complex with EDTA, incorporation of vitamin B12 was screened by testing 3 possible different stabilizers.
    • Second Phase consists in evaluating the physical and chemical stability of the formulations which have been developed during precedent phase with the aim to select stable formulation prototypes.


    [0045] Physical stability study was performed at 5°C, 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH: T0, T1, T2 and T3 months. A visual inspection was checked at different periods in order to control the absence of precipitation in the formulations. Assay of vitamin B12 was followed upon stability at 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH: T0, T3 and T6 months.

    3. Formulation Studies


    3.1. Phase 1: Feasibility study



    [0046] Based on known injectable processes, salts of zinc, copper and manganese were dissolved in water and complexed with EDTA, and then salt of selenium is added.

    [0047] Incorporation of vitamin B12 with different stabilizers was screened.

    [0048] Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin available as a dietary supplement. Vitamin B12 exists in several forms. Vitamin B12 cyanocobalamin is used for this study.

    [0049] A vitamin B12 conforming to EP monograph was screened and received.

    [0050] It is generally known that vitamins, and especially vitamin B12, are not very stable in solution and degradation is observed on storage.

    [0051] According bibliographic researches and trials, the following stabilizers have been tested:
    1. (a) Butaphosphan
    2. (b) Glycine
    3. (c) Antioxidants

    Butaphosphan (according patent application US2011/0065665A1)



    [0052] Butaphosphan is a phosphonic derivative acid.

    [0053] Butanol described in US2011/0065665A1 has been replaced by use of benzyl alcohol (1%).

    [0054] Note: butaphosphan is used with vitamin B12 in Catosal® formulation, from Bayer, and alone in Calphone® formulation, from Bayer.
    Synonyms : Butaphosphan; (1-ButyIamino-1-methy)-ethyl)-phosphinic acid
    Molecular Formula : C7H18NO2P
    Formula Weight: 179.20
    CAS Registry Number: 17316-67-5
    In US2011/0065665A1: 10 % of butaphosphan, 0.005% of vitamin B12, 3.0% of n-butanol / 100% water Catosal® formulation: butaphosphan (100mg), vitamin B12 (50µg), n-butanol (30 mg) / 1ml Calphone®: formulation: butaphosphan (2g) / 500 ml

    [0055] The following concentrations of butaphosphan have been tested:
    • 5% w/v: a dark clear solution without particles is obtained
    • 10% w/v: a dark clear solution without particles is obtained
    • 20%w/v: incomplete solubilisation of butaphosphan


    [0056] Then a quantity of stock solution of vitamin B12 was incorporated in the mix to have a final concentration of 0.15 % w/v.

    [0057] Physical stability study was performed on 5 and 10% w/v butaphosphan (with vitamin B12) solutions at ambient temperature:
    • T1 week: dark clear solution
    • T2 weeks: dark clear solution
    • T4 weeks: dark clear solution

    Glycine



    [0058] Glycine is an aminoacid.

    [0059] Glycine is used with vitamin B12 and selenium mineral in Biodyl® formula, from Merial. Biodyl® formulation: glycine (5.0g), vitamin B12 (0.050g), selenium (0.045g) / 100ml Glycine has been tried during development: 0.01% to 1% w/v.

    [0060] Glycine conforming to EP monograph has been tested.

    [0061] Following concentrations of glycine have been tested:
    • 5% w/v: a dark clear solution with particle is obtained
    • 10% w/v: a dark clear solution without particle is obtained
    • 15%w/v: a dark clear solution without particle is obtained


    [0062] Physical stability study is performed on 5 and 15%w/v glycine (with vitamin B12) solutions at ambient temperature:
    • T1 week: dark clear solution with particle
    • T2 weeks: dark clear solution with particle
    • T4 weeks: dark clear solution with particle

    Use of antioxidants



    [0063] Use of antioxidant is evaluated, with butylhydroxyanisole BHA and butylhydroxytoluene BHT. Other antioxidants have used: propyl gallate, ascorbic acid, rongalite, sodium metabisulphate.

    [0064] Following antioxidant trials have been tested:
    • 1% w/v BHA and BHT: incomplete solubilisation


    [0065] As a result of low solubility of BHA and BHT in water, process solubilisation of antioxidant(s) must be reviewed.

    Conclusion



    [0066] In conclusion, satisfactory results with butaphosphan solutions were obtained with different concentrations.

    [0067] Results after 4 weeks of physical stability study showed dark clear solution.

    [0068] These formulations were selected to go to next phase.

    3.2. Phase 2: Laboratory batches



    [0069] According results obtained with vitamin B12 and butaphosphan solutions, laboratory batches are performed.

    (a) Formula 1



    [0070] 
     IngredientsQuantity per formula in mg
    Manganese (Manganese Carboante) 10.0
    Zinc (Zinc Oxide) 60.0
    Copper (Copper Sulphate Pentahydrate) 15.0
    Selenite (Sodium Selenite Anhydrous) 5.0
    Butaphosphan 100.0
    Vitamin B12 1.5
    Excipients benzyl alcohol, edetic acid, sodium hydroxide and water for injection

    Process



    [0071] 


    (b) Formula 2



    [0072] 
    IngredientsQuantity per formula in mg
    Manganese (Manganese Carbonate) 4.0
    Zinc (Zinc Oxide) 24.0
    Copper (Copper Sulphate Pentahydrate) 6.0
    Selenite (Sodium Selenite Anhydrous) 2.0
    Butaphosphan 100.0
    Vitamin B12 1.5
    Excipients benzyl alcohol, edetic acid, sodium hydroxide and water for injection

    Process



    [0073] 


    4. Phase 2: Stability studies



    [0074] A stability study at 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH was performed on formulations candidate during 3 months.

    [0075] The aim of this study was to screen the formulations stable under ambient and accelerated conditions.

    [0076] A visual inspection checked at different periods in order to control the absence of precipitation in the formulations: at 5°C, 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH: T0, T1, T2 and T3 months.

    [0077] Assays of Vitamin B12 were evaluated: follow up on stability at 25°C/60%RH and 40°C/75%RH: T0, T3 and T6 months.

    Summary



    [0078] The method of preparing a trace element solution in accordance with the invention thus enables the production of an injectable solution comprising an adequate trace mineral concentration and Vitamin B12 so that a 5 to 10 millilitre injection can make a significant impact on the trace mineral status of the animal and an injection is provided at a rate of between 1 ml per 50 kg bodyweight (BW) and 1 ml per 100kg BW, i.e. a practically applicable injectable supplement and a product that can improve the trace mineral status of an animal is provided. This is important as livestock producers will only inject livestock if a real benefit can be demonstrated. The subcutaneous injection is the preferred route to minimize tissue damage, but intra-muscular injection can also be used.

    [0079] The following are preferred embodiments:
    1. 1. A trace element solution, which comprises at least the following metals:
      1. (a) zinc;
      2. (b) manganese;
      3. (c) selenium; and
      4. (d) copper;
      and which comprises Vitamin B12.
    2. 2. A solution as claimed in embodiment 1, in which:
      1. (a) the ratio of zinc to manganese is at least 2:1;
      2. (b) the ratio of zinc to manganese is at least 4:1;
      3. (c) the ratio of zinc to copper is at least 2:1 or 4:1; and/or
      4. (d) the ratio of zinc to selenium is at least 4:1 or 12:1.
    3. 3. A solution as claimed in embodiment 1 or embodiment 2, which comprises the following concentrations:
      1. (a) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;
      2. (b) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;
      3. (c) at least 2 mg/ml selenium;
      4. (d) at least 6 mg/ml copper; and
      5. (e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12.
    4. 4. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, in which the concentration of the metals is at least 36 mg/ml.
    5. 5. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, which comprises the following concentrations:
      1. (a) at least 60 mg/ml zinc;
      2. (b) at least 10 mg/ml manganese;
      3. (c) at least 5 mg/ml selenium;
      4. (d) at least 15 mg/ml copper; and
      5. (e) at least 1.5 mg/ml Vitamin B12.
    6. 6. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, in which the concentration of the metals is at least 90mg/ml.
    7. 7. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, which comprises chromium and/or iodine.
    8. 8. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, which comprises butaphosphan to stabilize the Vitamin B12.
    9. 9. A solution as claimed in embodiment 5, in which the inclusion of butaphosphan enables the Vitamin B12 to remain more stable.
    10. 10. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, which is an injectable trace element solution.
    11. 11. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding embodiments, which is visually stable.



    Claims

    1. A method for preparing an injectable trace element solution, comprising the steps of:

    (a) mixing manganese salt in water to form a mixture;

    (b) heating the mixture of step (a);

    (c) adding zinc salt to the mixture of step (b);

    (d) adding EDTA and NaOH to the mixture of step (c);

    (e) heating the mixture of step (d);

    (f) adding copper salt to the mixture step (e);

    (g) cooling the mixture of step (f);

    (h) adding benzyl alcohol, selenium salt, butaphosphan and Vitamin B12 to the mixture of step (g); and

    (i) adjusting the pH of the mixture of step (h).


     
    2. A method as claimed in claim 1, in which the manganese salt is manganese carbonate.
     
    3. A method as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, in which the zinc salt is zinc oxide.
     
    4. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the copper salt is copper sulphate.
     
    5. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the selenium salt is Na2SeO3 (sodium selenite anhydrous).
     
    6. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the mixture is heated to at least 80°C in step (b) and/or at least 100°C in step (e).
     
    7. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the mixture is cooled to around 50°C in step (g).
     
    8. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the mixture has 60% or 80% water.
     
    9. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the trace element solution comprises the following concentrations:

    (a) at least 4 mg/ml manganese;

    (b) at least 24 mg/ml zinc;

    (c) at least 6 mg/ml copper;

    (d) at least 2 mg/ml selenium; and

    (e) at least 0.6 mg/ml Vitamin B12.


     
    10. A method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, in which the trace element solution comprises the following concentrations:

    (a) at least 10 mg/ml manganese;

    (b) at least 60 mg/ml zinc;

    (c) at least 15 mg/ml copper;

    (d) at least 5mg/ml selenium; and

    (e) at least 1.5 mg/ml Vitamin B12.


     
    11. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the butaphosphan stabilizes the Vitamin B12 after exposure of the injectable trace element solution at 25°C /60% relative humidity for 3 months.
     
    12. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the trace element solution comprises the following ratios:

    (a) the ratio of zinc to manganese is at least 2:1;

    (b) the ratio of zinc to manganese is at least 4:1;

    (c) the ratio of zinc to copper is at least 2:1 or 4:1; and/or

    (d) the ratio of zinc to selenium is at least 4:1 or 12:1.


     
    13. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the concentration of the metals in the trace element solution is at least 90 mg/ml.
     
    14. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes the step of adding chromium and/or iodine.
     
    15. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein precipitation is absent in the injectable trace element solution exposed at 25°C /60% relative humidity for 3 months.
     





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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description