(19)
(11)EP 3 916 092 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
01.12.2021 Bulletin 2021/48

(21)Application number: 19904897.6

(22)Date of filing:  30.12.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C12N 15/11(2006.01)
C12Q 1/6886(2018.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2019/129838
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/135862 (02.07.2020 Gazette  2020/27)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 29.12.2018 CN 201811634957

(71)Applicant: Shanghai Epiprobe Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Shanghai 200233 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LI, Zhenyan
    Shanghai 200233 (CN)
  • DONG, Shihua
    Shanghai 200233 (CN)

(74)Representative: IPLodge bv 
Technologielaan 9
3001 Heverlee
3001 Heverlee (BE)

  


(54)TUMOR MARKER STAMP-EP5 BASED ON METHYLATED MODIFICATION


(57) The present invention provides a methylated tumor marker STAMP-EP5 and an application thereof, relating to the technical field of disease diagnosis markers. The present invention further provides an application of methylated tumor marker STAMP-EP5 in the preparation of tumor diagnostic reagents.


Description

FIELD OF DISCLOSURE



[0001] The disclosure is in the field of disease diagnostic markers. More specifically, the disclosure relates to a methylation based tumor marker STAMP, Specific Tumor Aligned Methylation of Pan-cancer.

BACKGROUND OF DISCLOSURE



[0002] Tumors have been considered a genetic disease for decades. Several large-scale systematic sequencings for human have confirmed that the number of somatic mutations in cancer tissues is significantly less than expected. These results suggest that cancer is not a simple genetic disease.

[0003] In order to diagnose tumor, many new tumor markers have been discovered and used for clinical diagnosis in recent years. Before 1980, tumor markers were mainly hormones, enzymes, proteins and other cell secretions, such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and alpha fetoprotein (AFP) used as markers of gastric cancer, liver cancer and other tumors, carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) used as a marker of cervical cancer, and prostate specific antigen (PSA) used as a marker of prostate cancer. Although these tumor markers are still used in clinic, their sensitivity and accuracy have been difficult to meet the clinical needs.

[0004] More and more evidences show that small changes in epigenetic regulation play an important role in tumors. Epigenetics is a subject that studies that the heritable change of gene function without a change of DNA sequence, which eventually leads to the change of phenotype. Epigenetics mainly includes DNA methylation, histone modification, microRNA level changes and other biochemical processes. DNA methylation is one of the epigenetic mechanisms, refers to the process of transferring methyl from S-adenosylmethionine (methyl donor) to specific bases under the catalysis of DNA methyltransferase (DMT). However, DNA methylation in mammals mainly occurs at the C of 5'-CpG-3', which results in 5-methylcytosine (5mC).

[0005] Fluid biopsy is a technique for the diagnosis and prediction of tumors using circulating tumor cells or circulating tumor DNA as detection targets. The technology has many shortcomings. First, the sensitivity and specificity are not good enough. The tumor itself is heterogeneous, including a variety of subtypes of cell populations. The proportion of tumor DNA in clinical samples, especially blood samples, is very low. The existing tumor markers are difficult to meet the sensitivity of clinical requirements, and it is easy to cause misdiagnosis. Second, one marker has good effect only for one or a few kinds of tumors. As the DNA sources in blood are very complex, the existing tumor markers cannot solve the complex problems of tumor source and metastasis. Because of these complexities, it is difficult for many DNA methylation tumor markers to have a unified standard in clinical application, which seriously affects the sensitivity and accuracy of the markers.

[0006] In summary, in the field of tumor diagnosis, it is urgent to discover and study more new tumor markers, so as to provide more possibilities for tumor diagnosis.

SUMMARY OF DISCLOSURE



[0007] The object of the disclosure is to provide a method for detecting tumor based on abnormal hypermethylation of specific sites in tumor using DNA methylation modification as a tumor marker.

[0008] The first aspect of the present disclosure provides an isolated polynucleotide, including: (a) a polynucleotide with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 1; (b) a fragment of the polynucleotide of (a), having at least one (such as 2-79, more specifically 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75) modified CpG site; and/or (c) a nucleic acid (such as the polynucleotide with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 3) complementary to the polynucleotide or fragment of (a) or (b).

[0009] In a preferable embodiment, the modification includes 5-methylation(5mC), 5-hydroxymethylation(5hmC), 5-formylcytosine(5fC) or 5-carboxylcytosine(5-caC).

[0010] The second aspect of the disclosure provides an isolated polynucleotide, which is converted from the polynucleotide of the first aspect, and as compared with the sequence of the first aspect, the cytosine C of the CpG site(s) with modification is unchanged, and the unmodified cytosine is converted into T or U.

[0011] In a preferable embodiment, it is converted from the polynucleotide corresponding to the first aspect by bisulfite treatment. In another preferable embodiment, the polynucleotide includes: (d) a polynucleotide with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 2 or 4; (b) a fragment of the polynucleotide of (d), having at least one (such as 2-79, more specifically 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75) CpG site with modification.

[0012] The third aspect of the disclosure provides a use of the polynucleotide described in the first or second aspect in manufacture of a tumor detection agent or kit.

[0013] In a preferable embodiment, the tumors include (but are not limited to): hematologic cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma; digestive system tumors such as esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, bile duct and gallbladder cancer; respiratory system tumors such as lung cancer, pleuroma; nervous system tumors such as glioma, neuroblastoma, meningioma; head and neck tumors such as oral cancer, tongue cancer, laryngeal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer; gynecological and reproductive system tumors such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, penile cancer; urinary system tumors such as kidney cancer, bladder cancer, skin and other systems tumors such as skin cancer, melanoma, osteosarcoma, liposarcoma, thyroid cancer.

[0014] In another preferable embodiment, samples of the tumor include but are not limited to: tissue samples, paraffin embedded samples, blood samples, pleural effusion samples, alveolar lavage fluid samples, ascites and lavage fluid samples, bile samples, stool samples, urine samples, saliva samples, sputum samples, cerebrospinal fluid samples, cell smear samples, cervical scraping or brushing samples, tissue and cell biopsy samples.

[0015] The fourth aspect of the disclosure provides a method of preparing a tumor detection agent, including: providing the polynucleotide described in the first or second aspect, designing a detection agent for specifically detecting the modification on CPG site(s) of a target sequence which is the full length or fragment of the polynucleotide; wherein, the target sequence has at least one (such as 2-79, more specifically, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75) modified CpG site; preferably, the detection agent includes (but is not limited to) primers or probes.

[0016] The fifth aspect of the disclosure provides an agent or a combination of agents which specifically detect the modification on CPG site(s) of a target sequence, which is the full length or fragment of any of the polynucleotides described in the first or second aspect and has at least one (such as 2-79, more specifically, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75) modified CpG site.

[0017] In a preferable embodiment, the agent or combination of agents is for a gene sequence containing the target sequence (designed based on the gene sequence), and the gene sequence includes gene Panels or gene groups.

[0018] In another preferable embodiment, the detection agent comprises: primers or probes.

[0019] In another preferable embodiment, the primers are: the primers shown in SEQ ID NO: 3 and 4; the primers shown in SEQ ID NO: 7 and 8.

[0020] In the sixth aspect of the disclosure, a use of the agent or combination of agents described in the fifth aspect of the disclosure in the manufacture of a kit for detecting tumors is provided; preferably, the tumors include (but are not limited to): digestive system tumors such as esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, bile duct and gallbladder cancer; respiratory system tumors such as lung cancer, pleuroma; hematologic cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma; gynecological and reproductive system tumors such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, penile cancer; nervous system tumors such as glioma, neuroblastoma, meningioma; head and neck tumors such as oral cancer, tongue cancer, laryngeal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer; urinary system tumors such as kidney cancer, bladder cancer, skin and other systems tumors such as skin cancer, melanoma, osteosarcoma, liposarcoma, thyroid cancer.

[0021] The seventh aspect of the present disclosure provides a detection kit, comprising container(s) and the agent or combination of agents described above in the container(s); preferably, each agent is placed in an independent container.

[0022] In a preferable embodiment, the kit also includes: bisulfite, DNA purification agent, DNA extraction agent, PCR amplification agent and/or instruction for use (indicating operation steps of the detection and a result judgment standard).

[0023] In the eighth aspect of the disclosure, a method for detecting the methylation profile of a sample in vitro is provided, including: (i) providing the sample and extracting the nucleic acid; (ii) detecting the modification on CPG site(s) of a target sequence in the nucleic acid of (i), wherein the target sequence is the polynucleotide described in the first aspect or the polynucleotide converted therefrom as described in the second aspect.

[0024] In a preferable embodiment, in step (3), the analysis methods include pyrosequencing, bisulfite conversion sequencing, method using methylation chip, qPCR, digital PCR, second generation sequencing, third generation sequencing, whole genome methylation sequencing, DNA enrichment detection, simplified bisulfite sequencing technology, HPLC, MassArray, methylation specific PCR (MSP), or their combination, as well as in vitro detection and in vivo tracer detection for the combined gene group of partial or all of the methylation sites in the sequence shown in SEQ ID NO: 1. In addition, other methylation detection methods and newly developed methylation detection methods in the future can be applied to the disclosure.

[0025] In another preferable embodiment, step (ii) includes: (1) treating the product of (i) to convert the unmodified cytosine into uracil; preferably, the modification includes 5-methylation(5mC), 5-hydroxymethylation(5hmC), 5-formylcytosine(5fC) or 5-carboxylcytosine(5-caC); preferably, treating the nucleic acid of step (i) with bisulfite; and (2) analyzing the modification of the target sequence in the nucleic acid treated by (1).

[0026] In another preferable embodiment, the abnormal methylation profile is the high level of methylation of C in CPG(s) of the polynucleotide.

[0027] In another preferable embodiment, the methylation profile detecting method is not for the purpose of directly obtaining the diagnosis result of a disease, or is not a diagnostic method.

[0028] The ninth aspect of the disclosure provides a tumor diagnosis kit, including primer pairs designed based on the sequence described in the first or second aspect of the disclosure, and gene Panels or gene groups containing the sequence, to obtain the characteristics of normal cells and tumor cells through DNA methylation detection.

[0029] Other aspects of the disclosure will be apparent to those skilled in the art based on the disclosure herein.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0030] 

Figure 1. BSP verification of methylation levels of SEQ ID NO:1 region in liver cancer cells and normal liver cells.

Figure 2. In clinical samples of breast cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues; p<0.001.

Figure 3. In clinical samples of leukemia, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of non-cancer tissues; p<0.001.

Figure 4. In clinical samples of colorectal cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues; p<0.01.

Figure 5. In clinical samples of liver cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues; p<0.05.

Figure 6. In clinical samples of lung cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues; p<0.001.

Figure 7. In clinical samples of pancreatic cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues; p<0.01.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0031] The inventor is committed to the research of tumor markers. After extensive research and screening, the inventor provides a universal DNA methylation tumor marker, STAMP (Specific Tumor Aligned Methylation of Pan-cancer). In normal tissues, STAMP was hypomethylated, while in tumor tissues, it was hypermethylated. It can be used for clinical tumor detection and as the basis of designing tumor diagnostic agents.

Term



[0032] As used herein, "isolated" refers to a material separated from its original environment (if the material is a natural material, the original environment is the natural environment). For example, in living cells, polynucleotides and polypeptides in their natural state are not isolated or purified, but the same polynucleotides or polypeptides will be isolated ones if they are separated from other substances existed in the natural state.

[0033] As used herein, "sample" includes substances suitable for DNA methylation detection obtained from any individual or isolated tissue, cell or body fluid (such as plasma). For example, the samples include but are not limited to: tissue samples, paraffin embedded samples, blood samples, pleural effusion samples, alveolar lavage fluid samples, ascites and lavage fluid samples, bile samples, stool samples, urine samples, saliva samples, cerebrospinal fluid samples, cell smear samples, cervical scraping or brushing samples, tissue and cell biopsy samples.

[0034] As used herein, "hypermethylation" refers to high level of methylation, hydroxymethylation, formylcytosine or carboxylcytosine of CpG in a gene sequence. For example, in the case of methylation specific PCR (MSP), if the PCR reaction with methylation specific primers has positive PCR results, the DNA (gene) region of interest is in hypermethylation state. For another example, in the case of real-time quantitative methylation specific PCR, hypermethylation can be determined based on statistic difference of the methylation status value as compared with the control sample.

[0035] As used herein, the tumors include but are not limited to: hematologic cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma; digestive system tumors such as esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, bile duct and gallbladder cancer; respiratory system tumors such as lung cancer, pleuroma; nervous system tumors such as glioma, neuroblastoma, meningioma; head and neck tumors such as oral cancer, tongue cancer, laryngeal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer; gynecological and reproductive system tumors such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, penile cancer; urinary system tumors such as kidney cancer, bladder cancer, skin and other systems tumors such as skin cancer, melanoma, osteosarcoma, liposarcoma, thyroid cancer.

Gene marker



[0036] In order to find a useful target for tumor diagnosis, the inventor has identified the target of STAMP-EP5 after extensive and in-depth research. The methylation status of the sequence of STAMP-EP5 gene is significantly different between tumor tissues and non-tumor tissues. If the abnormal hypermethylation of the sequence of STAMP-EP5 gene of a subject is detected, the subject can be identified as having a high-risk of tumor. Moreover, the significant difference of STAMP-EP5 between tumor and non-tumor tissues exists in various types of tumors, including solid tumors and non-solid tumors.

[0037] Therefore, the disclosure provides an isolated polynucleotide, comprising the nucleotide sequence shown in the sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or SEQ ID NO: 3 (the reverse complementary sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1). For tumor cells, the polynucleotide contains 5-methylcytosine (5mC) at C positions of many 5'-CpG-3'. The disclosure also comprises a fragment of the polynucleotide with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 1 or 3, having at least one (such as 2-79, more specifically 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75) methylated CpG site. The above polynucleotides or fragments can also be used in the design of detection agents or detection kits.

[0038] In some specific embodiments of the disclosure, the fragment of the polynucleotide are, for example, a fragment containing the residues 242-264 of SEQ ID NO: 1 (containing CpG sites 045-048). A sequence comprising an antisense strand of the above fragment is suitable for the disclosure. These fragments are merely examples of preferable embodiments of the present disclosure. Based on the information provided by the present disclosure, other fragments can also be selected.

[0039] In addition, gene Panels or gene groups containing the sequence shown in the SEQ ID NO: 1 or SEQ ID NO: 2 or a fragment thereof is also encompassed by the disclosure. For the gene Panels or gene groups, the characteristics of normal cells and tumor cells can also be identified through DNA methylation detection.

[0040] The above polynucleotides can be used as the key regions for analysis of the methylation status in the genome. Their methylation status can be analyzed by various technologies known in the art. Any technique that can be used to analyze the methylation state can be applied to the present disclosure.

[0041] When treated with bisulfite, un-methylated cytosine(s) of the above polynucleotides will be converted into uracil, while methylated cytosine(s) remained unchanged.

[0042] Therefore, the disclosure also provides the polynucleotides obtained from the above polynucleotides (including the complementary chain (antisense chain)) after being treated with bisulfite, including the polynucleotides with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 2 or SEQ ID NO: 4. These polynucleotides can also be used in the design of detection agents or detection kits.

[0043] The disclosure also comprises a fragment of the polynucleotides obtained from the above polynucleotides or the antisense strand thereof after being treated with bisulfite, wherein the fragment contains at least one (such as 2-79, more specifically 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75) methylated CpG site. The No. of each CpG site in the antisense strand corresponding to the number of the sense strand is readily obtained according to the content described by the present disclosure.

Detection agents and kits



[0044] Based on the new discovery of the disclosure, a detection agent designed based on said polynucleotide(s) is also provided for detecting the methylation profile of polynucleotide(s) in the sample in vitro. The detection methods and agents known in the art for determining the sequence, variation and methylation of the genome can be applied in the disclosure.

[0045] Therefore, the disclosure provides a method of preparing a tumor detection agent, including: providing the polynucleotide, designing a detection agent for specifically detecting a target sequence which is the full length or fragment of the polynucleotide; wherein, the target sequence has at least one methylated CpG site.

[0046] The detection agent herein includes but is not limited to: primers or probes, etc.

[0047] For example, the agent are a primer pairs. Based on the sequence of the polynucleotide, those skilled in the art know how to design primer(s). The two primers are on each side of the specific sequence of the target gene to be amplified (including CpG sequence, for the gene region originally methylated, the primer is complementary with CpG, and for the gene region originally un-methylated, the primer is complementary with TpG). It should be understood that based on the new discovery of the disclosure, those skilled in the art can design a variety of primers or probes or other types of detection agents for CpG sites at different positions on the target sequence or their combinations. These primers or probes or other types of detection agents should be included in the technical solution of the disclosure. In preferable embodiment of the present disclosure, the primers are: the primers shown in SEQ ID NO: 5 and 6; or the primers shown in SEQ ID NO: 7 and 8.

[0048] The agent can also be a combination of agents (primer combination), including more than one set of primers, so that the multiple polynucleotides can be amplified respectively.

[0049] The disclosure also provides a kit for detecting the methylation profile of polynucleotide in a sample in vitro, which comprises container(s) and the above primer pair(s) in the container(s).

[0050] In addition, the kit can also include various reagents required for DNA extraction, DNA purification, PCR amplification, etc.

[0051] In addition, the kit can also include an instruction for use, which indicates operation steps of the detection and a result judgment standard, for the application of those skilled in the art.

Detection method



[0052] The methylation profile of a polynucleotide can be determined by any technique in the art (such as methylation specific PCR (MSP) or real-time quantitative methylation specific PCR, Methylight), or other techniques that are still developing and will be developed.

[0053] Quantitative methylation specific PCR (QMSP) can also be used to detect methylation level. It is a continuous optical monitoring method based on fluorescent PCR, which is more sensitive than MSP. It has high throughput and avoids electrophoresis based result analysis.

[0054] Other available technologies include conventional methods in the art such as pyrosequencing, bisulfite converstion sequencing, qPCR, second generation sequencing, whole genome methylation sequencing, DNA enrichment detection, simplified bisulfite sequencing or HPLC, and combined gene group detection. It should be understood that, on the basis of the new disclosure herein, these well-known technologies and some technologies to be developed in the art can be applied to the present disclosure.

[0055] As a preferable embodiment of the disclosure, a method of detecting the methylation profile of a polynucleotide in a sample in vitro is also provided. The method is based on the follow principle: the un-methylated cytosine can be converted into uracil by bisulfite, which can be transformed into thymine in the subsequent PCR amplification process, while the methylated cytosine remains unchanged; therefore, after the polynucleotide is treated by bisulfite, the methylated site presents a polynucleotide polymorphism (SNP) similar to C/T. Based on the above principle, methylated and un-methylated cytosine can be distinguished effectively by identifying the methylation profile of a polynucleotide in the sample.

[0056] The method of the disclosure includes: (a) providing samples and extracting genomic DNA; (b) treating the genomic DNA of step (a) with bisulfite, so as to convert the un-methylated cytosine in the genomic DNA into uracil; (c) analyzing whether the genomic DNA treated in step (b) contains an abnormal methylation profile.

[0057] The method of the disclosure can be used for: (i) analyzing whether a subject has tumor by detecting the sample of the subject; (ii) identifying a population having high-risk of tumor. The method needs not to be aimed at obtaining direct diagnosis results.

[0058] In a preferable embodiment of the disclosure, DNA methylation is detected by PCR amplification and pyrosequencing. It should be understood by those in the art that DNA methylation detection is not limited to these methods, and any other DNA methylation detection method can be used. The primers used in PCR amplification are not limited to those provided in Examples.

[0059] Because of bisulfite treatment, in which un-methylated cytosine in genomic DNA are converted into uracil and then transformed into thymine in the subsequent PCR process, the sequence complexity of the genome will be reduced, and it will be more difficult to amplify specific target fragments by PCR. Therefore, in order to improve amplification efficiency and specificity, nested PCR may be preferable, wherein two sets of primers (outer primers and inner primers) are used in two successive runs of PCR, and the amplification product from the first run undergoes a second run with the second set of primers. However, it should be understood that the detection methods suitable for the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0060] After the research and verification on clinical samples, the method of the disclosure provides very high accuracy in the clinical diagnosis of tumors. The disclosure can be applied to the fields of tumor auxiliary diagnosis, efficacy evaluation, prognosis monitoring, etc., thus has a high clinical value.

[0061] The disclosure is further illustrated by the specific examples described below. It should be understood that these examples are merely illustrative, and do not limit the scope of the present disclosure. The experimental methods without specifying the specific conditions in the following examples generally used the conventional conditions, such as those described in J. Sambrook, Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual (3rd ed. Science Press, 2002) or followed the manufacturer's recommendation.

Example 1. Nucleic acid sequence for STAMP-EP5 detection



[0062] The sequence of the STAMP-EP5 tumor marker is provided as follows: SEQ ID NO: 1 (chr22:46658718-46659169/hg19), in which the underlined bases are methylated CpG sites, and each number below the underline indicates the site number.



[0063] The bisulfite treated sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 2 (Y represents C or U) as follows:



[0064] The reverse complementary sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 3 as follows:



[0065] The bisulfite treated sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 4 (Y represents C or U) as follows:


Example 2. Difference in methylation of STAMP-EP5 CpG sites between tumor cells and non-tumor cells -- Bisulfite Sequencing PCR (BSP)



[0066] 
  1. 1. Genomic DNA was extracted from liver cancer cell line HepG2 and normal liver cell line;
  2. 2. The extracted genomic DNA of HepG2 and normal liver cell lines were treated with bisulfite and used as templates for subsequent PCR amplification;
  3. 3. Primers (SEQ ID NO: 5-6; Table 1)were designed according to SEQ ID NO: 1 by conventional methods for amplification;
  4. 4. After PCR amplification, 2% agarose gel electrophoresis was used to detect the specificity of the PCR fragments. The target fragments were recovered by gel cutting and connected to T vector which was transformed into competent Escherichia coli. The bacteria were spread on plate, and clones were selected the next day and sequenced. Ten clones were selected for each fragment for Sanger sequencing.
Table 1, BSP primer
Primer Name5'-3' Primer SequenceDetected CpG site No.
STAMP-EP5-San ger-Primer-F

 
CpG 001-079 of the above SEQ ID NO: 1
STAMP-EP5-San ger-Primer-R

 
 


[0067] BSP verification of methylation levels of SEQ ID NO:1 region in liver cancer cells and normal liver cells is shown in Figure 1, which indicates that the methylation level of STAMP-EP5 of liver cancer cells is significantly higher than that of normal liver cells. SEQ ID NO: 1 is useful as a diagnosis marker.

Example 3: Difference in methylation of STAMP-EP5 CpG sites between tumor cells and non-tumor cells-pyrosequencing



[0068] 
  1. 1. Clinical samples: paracancerous/non-cancer were used as the control group, and cancer tissue samples were used as the experimental group;
  2. 2. DNA extraction: DNA was extracted from the experimental group and the control group respectively. Phenol-chloroform extraction method was used in this experiment, which is not limited thereto;
  3. 3. Bisulfite treatment: the extracted DNA samples were treated with bisulfite and the procedures were strictly followed. EZ DNA Methylation-Gold Kit (ZYMO Research, Cat# D5006) was used in this experiment, which is not limited thereto;
  4. 4. Primer design: PCR primers and pyrosequencing primers were designed according to the characteristics of SEQ ID NO: 1 of STAMP-EP5 sequence. The methylation values of STAMP-EP5 were detected as the methylation values of CpG sites 045-048. The PCR primers sequences, pyrosequencing primers sequences, and the pyrosequencing detecting sequences and the detected sites are shown as SEQ ID NO: 7-10 (Table 2);
  5. 5. PCR amplification and agarose gel electrophoresis: The bisulfite treated samples were used as templates for PCR amplification. The specificity of PCR amplification was identified by agarose gel electrophoresis of the amplified products;
  6. 6. Pyrosequencing: Pyro Mark Q96 ID pyrosequencing instrument (QIAGEN) was used for sequencing, and the procedures in instructions were strictly followed;
  7. 7. Calculation of STAMP-EP5 methylation value: pyrosequencing can detect the methylation value of each site in the target region, respectively, and the average methylation value of all sites were calculated as the STAMP-EP5 methylation value in the sample;
  8. 8. Results analysis: the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 was compared between the paracancerous/non-cancer control group and the cancer experimental group.
Table 2, Pyro primer
Primer Name5'-3' sequenceRemark
STAMP-EP5-Pyroseq-Primer-F GGTTAGGGTAGGYGTTGGGYGTTGAGTAGGA (SEQ ID NO: 7) The primer pair detects CpG 045-048 of SEQ ID NO: 1
STAMP-EP5-Pyroseq-Primer-R (modified by 5'-Biotin) CRACAACCTCTACTTCCCCCATAAC (SEQ ID NO: 8)
STAMP-EPS-Pyroseq-Prim er-Seq AGTAGGAYGYGTAAGTYGAGGTAGTATTAG (SEQ ID NO: 9)  
pyrosequencing detecting sequences

 
 

Example 4. STAMP-EP5: breast cancer - clinical sample assay - pyrosequencing



[0069] STAMP-EP5 methylation value between the control group of 5 cases of breast cancer paracancerous clinical samples and the experimental group of 5 cases of breast cancer clinical samples was compared according to the pyrosequencing described in Example 3.

[0070] The result in Figure 2 shows that, in clinical samples of breast cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues.

Example 5. STAMP-EP5: leukemia clinical sample assay - pyrosequencing



[0071] STAMP-EP5 methylation value between the control group of 8 non-leukemia bone marrow smear clinical samples and the experimental group of 8 leukemia bone marrow smear clinical samples was compared according to the pyrosequencing described in Example 3.

[0072] The result in Figure 3 shows that, in clinical samples of leukemia, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of non-cancer tissues.

Example 6. STAMP-EP5: colorectal cancer - clinical sample assay - pyrosequencing



[0073] STAMP-EP5 methylation value was analyzed on the control group of 8 cases of colorectal cancer paracancerous clinical samples and the experimental group of 8 cases of colorectal cancer clinical samples according to the pyrosequencing described in Example 3.

[0074] The result in Figure 4 shows that, in clinical samples of colorectal cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues.

Example 7. STAMP-EP5: liver cancer clinical sample assay - pyrosequencing



[0075] STAMP-EP5 methylation value was analyzed on the control group of 8 cases of liver cancer paracancerous clinical samples and the experimental group of 8 cases of liver cancer clinical samples according to the pyrosequencing described in Example 3.

[0076] The result in Figure 5 shows that, in clinical samples of liver cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues.

Example 8. STAMP-EP5: lung cancer clinical sample assay - pyrosequencing



[0077] STAMP-EP5 methylation value was analyzed on the control group of 4 cases of lung cancer paracancerous clinical samples and the experimental group of 4 cases of lung cancer clinical samples according to the pyrosequencing described in Example 3.

[0078] The result in Figure 6 shows that, in clinical samples of lung cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues.

Example 9. STAMP-EP5: pancreatic cancer - clinical sample assay - pyrosequencing



[0079] STAMP-EP5 methylation value was analyzed on the control group of 4 cases of pancreatic cancer paracancerous clinical samples and the experimental group of 4 cases of pancreatic cancer clinical samples according to the pyrosequencing described in Example 3.

[0080] The result in Figure 7 shows that, in clinical samples of pancreatic cancer, the methylation value of STAMP-EP5 in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of paracancerous tissues.

[0081] Each reference provided herein is incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each reference was individually incorporated by reference. In addition, it should be understood that based on the above teaching content of the disclosure, those skilled in the art can practice various changes or modifications to the disclosure, and these equivalent forms also fall within the scope of the appended claims.








Claims

1. An isolated polynucleotide, wherein the isolated polynucleotide comprises:

(a) a polynucleotide with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 1;

(b) a fragment of the polynucleotide of (a), having at least one CpG site with modification; and/or

(c) a nucleic acid complementary to the polynucleotide or fragment of (a) or (b).


 
2. The isolated polynucleotide according to claim 1, wherein the modification comprises 5-methylation, 5-hydroxymethylation, 5-formylcytosine or 5-carboxylcytosine.
 
3. An isolated polynucleotide, wherein, the polynucleotide is converted from the polynucleotide according to claim 1 or 2, and as compared with the sequence in claim 1, the cytosine C of the CpG site(s) with modification is unchanged, and the unmodified cytosine is converted into T or U.
 
4. The polynucleotide according to claim 3, wherein the polynucleotide comprises:

(d) a polynucleotide with a nucleotide sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 2 or 4;

(e) a fragment of the polynucleotide of (d), having at least one CpG site with modification.


 
5. Use of the polynucleotide according to any of claims 1-4 in manufacture of a tumor detection agent or kit.
 
6. The use according to claim 5, wherein, the tumors comprise: digestive system tumors such as esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, bile duct and gallbladder cancer; gynecological and reproductive system tumors such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, penile cancer; hematologic cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma; respiratory system tumors such as lung cancer, pleuroma; nervous system tumors such as glioma, neuroblastoma, meningioma; head and neck tumors such as oral cancer, tongue cancer, laryngeal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer; urinary system tumors such as kidney cancer, bladder cancer, skin and other systems tumors such as skin cancer, melanoma, osteosarcoma, liposarcoma, thyroid cancer.
 
7. The use according to claim 5 or 6, wherein samples of the tumor comprise: tissue samples, paraffin embedded samples, blood samples, pleural effusion samples, alveolar lavage fluid samples, ascites and lavage fluid samples, bile samples, stool samples, urine samples, saliva samples, sputum samples, cerebrospinal fluid samples, cell smear samples, cervical scraping or brushing samples, tissue and cell biopsy samples.
 
8. A method of preparing a tumor detection agent, comprising: providing the polynucleotide according to any of claims 1-4, designing a detection agent for specifically detecting the modification on CpG(s) of the a target sequence which is the full length or fragment of the polynucleotide; wherein, the target sequence has at least one modified CpG site; preferably, the detection agent comprises: primers or probes.
 
9. An agent or a combination of agents, wherein, the agent or the combination of agents specifically detect the modification on CPG site(s) of a target sequence, which is the full length or fragment of the polynucleotides according to any of claims 1-4 and has at least one modified CpG site.
 
10. The agent or the combination of agents according to claim 9, wherein the agent or combination of agents is for a gene sequence containing the target sequence, and the gene sequence comprises gene Panels or gene groups.
 
11. The agent or the combination of agents according to claim 9, wherein the agent or combination of agents comprise: primers or probes; preferably, the primer is:

primers shown in SEQ ID NO: 5 and 6;

primers shown in SEQ ID NO: 7 and 8.


 
12. Use of the agent or combination of agents according to any of claims 9-11 in the manufacture of a kit for detecting tumors; preferably, the tumors comprise: digestive system tumors such as esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, bile duct and gallbladder cancer; respiratory system tumors such as lung cancer, pleuroma; hematologic cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma; gynecological and reproductive system tumors such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, penile cancer; nervous system tumors such as glioma, neuroblastoma, meningioma; head and neck tumors such as oral cancer, tongue cancer, laryngeal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer; urinary system tumors such as kidney cancer, bladder cancer, skin and other systems tumors such as skin cancer, melanoma, osteosarcoma, liposarcoma, thyroid cancer.
 
13. A detection kit, comprising:
container(s) and the agent or combination of agents according to any of claims 9-11 in the container(s).
 
14. A method of detecting the methylation profile of a sample in vitro, comprising:

(i) providing the sample and extracting nucleic acid;

(ii) detecting modification on CPG site(s) of a target sequence in the nucleic acid of (i), wherein the target sequence is the polynucleotide according to claim 1 or 2 or the polynucleotide according to claim 3 or 4 that converted from the polynucleotide according to claim 1 or 2.


 
15. The method according to claim 14, wherein, in step (3), the analysis methods comprise pyrosequencing, bisulfite conversion sequencing, method using methylation chip, qPCR, digital PCR, second generation sequencing, third generation sequencing, whole genome methylation sequencing, DNA enrichment detection, simplified bisulfite sequencing technology, HPLC, MassArray, methylation specific PCR, or their combination, as well as in vitro detection and in vivo tracer detection for the combined gene group of partial or all of the methylation sites in the sequence shown in SEQ ID NO: 1.
 
16. The method according to claim 14, wherein, step (ii) comprises:

(1) treating the product of (i) to convert unmodified cytosine into uracil; preferably, the modification includes 5-methylation, 5-hydroxymethylation, 5-formylcytosine or 5-carboxylcytosine; preferably, treating the nucleic acid of step (i) with bisulfite;

(2) analyzing the modification of the target sequence in the nucleic acid treated by (1).


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Non-patent literature cited in the description