(19)
(11)EP 3 925 867 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 20397509.9

(22)Date of filing:  18.06.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B62D 55/04(2006.01)
B60C 11/03(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B60C 2200/08; B62D 55/04; B60C 2011/0313; B60C 11/0316

(54)

PNEUMATIC VEHICLE TYRE FOR FORESTRY USE

FAHRZEUGLUFTREIFEN FÜR DIE FORSTWIRTSCHAFT

PNEU DE VÉHICULE PNEUMATIQUE POUR UTILISATION FORESTIÈRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.12.2021 Bulletin 2021/51

(60)Divisional application:
22178788.0

(73)Proprietor: Nokian Raskaat Renkaat Oy
37101 Nokia (FI)

(72)Inventors:
  • Palomäki, Pinja
    33610 Tampere (FI)
  • Claassen, Caleb
    33210 Tampere (FI)
  • Räisänen, Samuli
    37100 Nokia (FI)
  • Viskari, Jari
    37100 Nokia (FI)

(74)Representative: Berggren Oy 
P.O. Box 16 Eteläinen Rautatiekatu 10A
00101 Helsinki
00101 Helsinki (FI)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 531 362
EP-A1- 3 738 791
JP-A- H06 320 915
EP-A1- 3 027 430
WO-A1-2019/016430
US-A1- 2016 068 025
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The invention to be presented relates to a pneumatic tyre for forestry use. The invention to be presented relates further to forestry machine having the pneumatic tyre. The invention to be presented relates further to a method of installing the pneumatic tyre onto a forestry machine.

    Background of the invention



    [0002] Pneumatic tyres applied in forestry, especially in forestry machines, are used in severe off-road conditions in which the tyre is subject to damages caused by rough terrain, stones, tree stumps and logging waste removed from felled trees. Additionally, a continuous track installed on the tyre wears down the tyre and the tyre is subject to damages caused by the track that is dislocated and forced to move on the tyre in such a way that projecting parts of the track may damage the tyre or the track is not optimally placed on the tyre. Not only the track is used to improve the traction capability of tyre but alternatively also a tyre chain may be in use. The tyre chain wears down the tyre and may be dislocated when the tyre is used in rough terrain.

    [0003] A pneumatic tyre suitable for forestry use and applied in forestry machines is shown in EP 3412475 A1. A track suitable for use with pneumatic tyres is shown in WO 2019/016430 A1. Pneumatic tyres for agricultural use are disclosed in WO 2011/094828 A1 and JP H06320915 A. A pneumatic tyre for forestry use according to the preamble of claim 1 is disclosed in WO 2015/015525 A1. Another pneumatic tyre for forestry use, which is prior art according to Article 54(3) EPC, is known from EP 3738791 A1.

    Brief summary of the invention



    [0004] The pneumatic tyre for forestry use according to the invention is presented in claim 1. The forestry machine according to the invention is presented in claim 12. The method of installing tyres onto a forestry machine according to the invention is presented in claim 14.

    [0005] According to the presented invention the pneumatic tyre for forestry use comprises a ground-engaging tread section extending around the tyre in the circumferential direction of the tyre, the tread section defining an imaginary equatorial plane that is perpendicular to an axial direction of the tyre and passes through a centre region of the tread section; a pair of bead sections, located on two opposite sides of the tyre; a pair of sidewall sections, located on two opposite sides of the tyre, wherein each sidewall section extends between the respective bead section and the tread section, and wherein the tread section defines a pair of shoulder regions adjacent to the respective sidewall section.

    [0006] The tread section comprises a tread block row on both sides of the equatorial plane and each tread block row extends in the circumferential direction. Each tread block row comprises a series of primary tread blocks that are spaced along the circumferential direction and define tread grooves located between the primary tread blocks and defining a tread groove bottom from the level of which the primary tread blocks extend radially to a height at which each primary tread block comprises a radially outermost surface; wherein each primary tread block is oriented obliquely with respect to the circumferential direction and extends obliquely with respect to the axial direction from the centre region to the shoulder region.

    [0007] According to the presented invention each tread block row further comprises a series of elevated sections, each elevated section being located in the tread groove between two consecutive primary tread blocks with one of which the elevated section is united, each elevated section extending radially from the level of the tread groove bottom and extending in the tread groove obliquely with respect to the axial direction to the shoulder region. Each elevated section comprises a radially outermost surface and an axially outermost shoulder surface in such a way that the elevated section extends radially from the level of the tread groove bottom to a height that is reduced with respect to the height of the radially outermost surfaces of the primary tread blocks; that the shoulder surface in the shoulder region forms a continuation of the radially outermost surface and is oriented transversally in relation to the radially outermost surface; and that the radially outermost surface provides a protecting surface suitable for safeguarding the tread groove bottom from a tyre chain or a track which can be placed on the tread section and the shoulder surface provides the sidewall section a supporting surface suitable for supporting the track.

    [0008] In the presented invention, each primary tread block comprises in the radially outermost surface one or more indentations suitable for supporting the track. The one or more indentations extend in the axial direction across the primary tread block and at least one of the indentations is aligned with one of the shoulder surfaces of the elevated sections.

    [0009] According to an example of the invention each primary tread block comprises the radially outermost surface and an axially outermost shoulder surface, the shoulder surface in the shoulder region being oriented transversally in relation to the radially outermost surface. The radially outermost surface provides a supporting surface suitable for supporting the chain or the track and the shoulder surface provides on the sidewall section a supporting surface suitable for supporting the chain or the track.

    [0010] According to an example of the presented invention the tyre is applied in a forestry machine. The forestry machine comprises a frame, the frame having two opposite sides and being wheeled for propulsion of the forestry machine and having two or more wheel assemblies with tyres on each of the two opposite sides of the frame, at least one of the wheel assemblies comprising a tyre according to the presented invention. The forestry machine further comprises a continuous track circling one of the wheel assemblies including the tyre and/or a pair of wheel assemblies including the tyre and being placed on the tread section of the tyre, the track being in contact with the primary and secondary tread blocks.

    [0011] According to an example of the presented invention the tyre is applied in a method of installing tyres onto a forestry machine. The forestry machine includes a frame, the frame having two opposite sides and being wheeled for propulsion of the forestry machine and having two or more wheel assemblies with tyres on each of the two opposite sides of the frame. The method comprising mounting at least one of the wheel assemblies comprising a tyre according to the presented invention to the frame of the forestry machine.

    [0012] The method may further include installing a continuous track to circle one of the wheel assemblies including the tyre and/or a pair of wheel assemblies including the tyre and being placed on the tread section of the tyre, the track being in contact with the primary tread blocks and the elevated sections.

    [0013] The presented invention provides the advantage that the radially outermost surface of the elevated section protects the groove bottom against damage caused by off-road conditions when moving along rough terrain. Additionally, the radially outermost surface protects the groove bottom from projecting parts of a continuous track, or a tyre chain, digging into the material of the groove bottom when, for example, the track is forced to move laterally on the tread section as a consequence of the off-road conditions.

    [0014] The presented invention provides the advantage that the shoulder surfaces of the primary tread blocks and the elevated sections prevent the track from moving laterally on the tread section. The shoulder surfaces keep the track in place in such a way that in a lateral, axial direction they support the track and prevent the projecting parts of the track from moving onto the tread section.

    [0015] A further advantage provided by the elevated sections is increased traction capability as a consequence of axially and/or radially extending edges of the elevated sections.

    [0016] The forestry machine is e.g. a felling machine for felling trees, a harvester for felling trees and processing tree trunks, or a forwarder for collecting and transporting logs and timber.

    Description of the drawings



    [0017] The presented invention will be described in greater detail in the following, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    Figure 1 shows a tyre according to the presented invention.

    Figure 2 shows part of the tread section of the tyre shown in Fig. 1.

    Figure 3 shows the arrangement of the tread blocks of the tyre shown in Fig. 1, as seen from above the tread section.

    Figure 4 shows part of the tread section of the tyre shown in Fig. 1 as seen from a side of the tyre.

    Figure 5 shows in a cross-section of the tyre of Fig. 1 the location of primary tread blocks and elevated sections in relation to a track placed on the tread section of the tyre.

    Figure 6 shows part of the cross-section shown in Fig. 5.

    Figure 7 shows a forestry machine on which the tyre according to the invention may be applied.


    Detailed description of the invention



    [0018] The presented invention relates to a pneumatic tyre 100 which is suitable for use in forestry, especially in forestry machines.

    [0019] The forestry machine is a timber-harvesting vehicle adapted to operate in rough terrain and handle timber. The forestry machine is adapted to fell trees in a felling site or to transport timber in the felling site, for example a felling machine for felling trees, a harvester for felling a tree and processing the trunk of the felled tree, including debranching and cross-cutting, or a forwarder for collecting and transporting timber, e.g. to a collection point.

    [0020] This description deals with a pneumatic tyre that is adapted to be in contact with the ground surface. The tyre is filled with a gas, such as air, e.g. by means of an inner tube or without it. The ground-engaging tread section of the tyre is provided on the circumference of the tyre and constitutes an endless surface in the circumferential direction of the tyre, making it possible for the tyre to roll forward.

    [0021] In the presented invention, with reference to Figs. 1 to 6, the tyre 100 comprises a ground-engaging tread section 10, a pair of bead sections 12, and a pair of sidewall sections 14.

    [0022] The tread section 10 extends around the tyre 100 in a circumferential direction C of the tyre 100, the tread section 10 defining an imaginary equatorial plane EP that is perpendicular to axial directions A and passes through a centre region 40 of the tread section 10.

    [0023] The axial direction A refers to directions that extend from the equatorial plane EP and are parallel to the axis of rotation CL of the tyre, i.e. the centreline CL defined by the circular shape of the tyre 100. The equatorial plane EP refers to a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation CL and passing through the centre region 40, preferably the centre of the tread section 10.

    [0024] The bead sections 12 are located on two opposite sides of the tyre 100. Preferably, the bead sections 12 are adapted to secure the tyre 100 to a wheel rim.

    [0025] The sidewall sections 14 are located on two opposite sides of the tyre 100. Each sidewall section 14 extends between the respective bead section 12 and the tread section 10. The tread section 10 may define a pair of shoulder regions 16, each shoulder region 16 being adjacent to the respective sidewall section 14.

    [0026] The tread section 10 comprises a tread block row 50 on both sides of the equatorial plane EP, each tread block row 50 including tread blocks and extending in the circumferential direction C, see Fig. 3. Each tread block row 50 comprises a series of primary tread blocks 20 that are spaced along the circumferential direction C and define tread grooves 38 located between the primary tread blocks 20 and defining a tread groove bottom 22 (see Fig. 4). The primary tread blocks 20 extend radially from the level of the tread groove bottom 22. The primary tread blocks 20 extend radially to a height H1 from the axis of rotation CL (see Fig. 6), at which height H1 each primary tread block 20 comprises a radially outermost surface 32.

    [0027] Each primary tread block 20 is oriented obliquely with respect to the circumferential direction CL. The primary tread block 20 extends obliquely with respect to the axial direction A from the centre region 40 to the shoulder region 16.

    [0028] According to an example, the height H1 relates to the height of the tread section 10 excluding the shoulder region 16, i.e. to the height of the radially outermost surface 32.

    [0029] Preferably, the primary tread blocks 20 extend to the centre region 40 and cross the equatorial plane EP. Preferably, all the tread grooves 38 of the tyre section are connected to each other.

    [0030] According to an example, see Figs 1 and 3, the primary tread blocks 20 alternate in the centre region 40 in such a way that every other primary tread block 20 belongs to one of the tread block rows 50 and every other primary tread block 20 belongs to the other one of the tread block rows 50.

    [0031] According to an example, in the centre region 40, the primary tread block 20 may include an end section directed in the axial direction A towards the opposite side of the tread section 10.

    [0032] According to an example, in the centre region 40, e.g. at the equatorial plane EP, the primary tread block 20 may include one or more shallow grooves extending in the circumferential direction C across the primary tread block 20. The depth of the grooves being at the most 20%, or 25%, or preferably at the most 30%, of the height of the primary tread block 20 with respect to the tread groove bottom 22.

    [0033] Preferably, in the tread section 10, the percentage of the area covered by the tread grooves 38 is at the most 25%, 30%, or 35%, or preferably at the most 40%, of the area covered by both the tread grooves 38 and the primary tread blocks 20. Preferably, the primary tread block 20 is oriented obliquely at an angle of 30° to 60°, or 35° to 55°, or 40° to 50°, with respect to the circumferential direction C.

    [0034] Preferably, the centre region 40 covers in the axial direction A not more than 5%, 10%, or 15%, or preferably not more than 20% of the width of the tread section 10.

    [0035] In the presented invention, the tread section 10 further comprises a series of elevated sections 24 of the tread grooves 38. Each elevated section 24 is in the tread groove 38 (see Fig. 4) between two consecutive primary tread blocks 20. The elevated sections 24 extend radially from the level of the tread groove bottom 22. The elevated section 24 extends in the tread groove 38 obliquely with respect to the axial direction A to the shoulder region 16.

    [0036] Thus, each tread block row 50 includes one series of elevated sections 24 as described above. In each tread block row 50, the elevated sections 24 are spaced along the circumferential direction C and alternate with the primary tread blocks 20.

    [0037] Preferably, the tread groove bottom 22 extends obliquely with respect to the axial direction A to the sidewall section 14 on one side of the elevated section 24 only as shown in Figs. 1 and 4. Thus, on the one side of the elevated section 24, the elevated section 24 is separated from one of the primary tread blocks 20 by the tread groove bottom 22.

    [0038] On the other side, i.e. on the opposite side, of the elevated section 24, the elevated section 24 unites with another one of the primary tread blocks 20, preferably in a grooveless manner. According to an example, the elevated section 24 unites with the primary tread block 20 in such a way that a radially outermost surface 26 of the elevated section 24 extends towards the primary tread block 20 and curves smoothly upwards to form a side surface of the primary tread block 20, the side surface extending upwards, e.g. substantially in a radial direction, to the radially outermost surface 32.

    [0039] Preferably, each elevated section 24 unites with only one of the primary tread blocks 20.

    [0040] The elevated section 24 supports the primary tread block 20 and prevents cracking at the root of the primary tread block 20.

    [0041] According to an example, the tread groove bottom 22 unites with the adjacent primary tread block 20 and with the adjacent elevated section 24 in such a way that the tread groove bottom 22 extends in opposite directions towards the adjacent primary tread block 20 and the adjacent elevated section 24 and curves smoothly upwards to form a side surface of the adjacent primary tread block 20 and a side surface of the adjacent elevated section 24, the side surface extending upwards, e.g. substantially in a radial direction, to the radially outermost surface 26, 32.

    [0042] According to an example, the above-mentioned side surface forms the rear wall of the primary tread block 20 and there is no elevated section 24 at the front wall of the primary tread block 20, i.e. at the opposite side of the primary tread block 20.

    [0043] The front and rear walls are defined by the intended direction of rotation of the tyre 100 in such a way that the rear wall forms the trailing edge of the primary tread block 20 and the front wall forms the leading edge of the primary tread block 20. According to the intended direction of rotation, the end section of the primary tread block 20 at the centre region 40 is in contact with the ground before the other end section of the primary tread block 20 at the shoulder region 16.

    [0044] Preferably, the elevated section 24 is oriented obliquely at an angle of 30° to 60°, or 35° to 55°, or 40° to 50°, with respect to the circumferential direction C, and/or the orientation of the elevated section 24 substantially corresponds to the orientation of the primary tread block 20.

    [0045] Each elevated section 24 comprises the radially outermost surface 26 and an axially outermost shoulder surface 28 (also herein referred to as the shoulder surface 28). The shoulder surface 28 is oriented transversally in relation to the radially outermost surface 26.

    [0046] The radially outermost surface 26 forms the top surface of the elevated section 24 and the shoulder surface 28 forms the end surface of the elevated section 24, see Figs. 2 and 4. The shoulder surface 28 may form an integral part of the surface of the sidewall section 14. According to an example, the shoulder surface 28 unites with the surface of the sidewall section 14 in a grooveless or seamless manner.

    [0047] According to an example, the shoulder surface 28 is separated from the radially outermost surface 26 by an edge of the elevated section 24. The edge is preferably rounded.

    [0048] According to an example, the shoulder surface 28 inclines towards the tread groove bottom 22 adjacent to the shoulder surface 28.

    [0049] According to an example, as shown in Fig. 4, each primary tread block 20 in addition to the radially outermost surface 32 comprises an axially outermost shoulder surface 34 (also herein referred to as the shoulder surface 34). The shoulder surface 34 is oriented transversally in relation to the radially outermost surface 32.

    [0050] The radially outermost surface 32 forms the top surface of the primary tread block 20 and the shoulder surface 34 forms the end surface of the primary tread block 20. The shoulder surface 34 may form an integral part of the surface of the sidewall section 14. According to an example, the shoulder surface 34 unites with the surface of the sidewall section 14 in a grooveless or seamless manner.

    [0051] According to an example, as shown in Fig. 1, the shoulder surface 34 is separated from the radially outermost surface 32 by an edge of the primary tread block 20. The edge is preferably rounded.

    [0052] The elevated section 24 extends radially from the level of the tread groove bottom 22 adjacent to the elevated section 24 to a height H2 from the axis of rotation CL (see Fig. 6), which height H2 is reduced with respect to the height H1 of the radially outermost surfaces 32 of the primary tread blocks 20.

    [0053] According to an example, in the tread section 10 excluding the shoulder region 16, i.e. along the radially outermost surface 26, the height of the elevated section 24 with respect to the tread groove bottom 22 is at the most 20%, 30%, or 40%, or preferably at the most 50%, of the height of the primary tread block 20 with respect to the tread groove bottom 22.

    [0054] According to an example, see Figs. 1 and 6, the radially outermost surface 26 of each elevated section 24 approaches gradually the level defined by the tread groove bottom 22 adjacent to the elevated section 24 while the elevated section 24 extends towards the centre region 40. Preferably, the elevated section 24 is less than 50%, or 40%, or preferably less than 30%, of the length of the primary tread block 20, measured along the primary tread block 20 in the tread section 10.

    [0055] According to an example, see Figs. 4 and 6, the elevated section 24 and the primary tread block 20 extend to the sidewall section 14. The surface of the sidewall section 14 may extend to and unite with the shoulder surface 28 and/or with the shoulder surface 34. The shoulder surface 28 and the shoulder surface 34 together may form an integral part of the surface of the sidewall section 14.

    [0056] According to an example, the shoulder surface 28 unites with the shoulder surface 34 in such a way that the shoulder surface 28 extends smoothly to the shoulder surface 34, preferably in a grooveless or seamless manner.

    [0057] In Fig. 5 a track 200 to be placed on the tread section 10 is shown in a cross-section.

    [0058] The track 200 may include a series of bodies 202 that extend in the axial directions A across the tread section 10 when placed on the tread section 10. Each body 202 may have two opposite, outer ends to each of which a guide plate 204 may be attached. The guide plates 204 preferably extend from the outer ends towards the centreline CL. The bodies 202 are articulatedly attached to each other to form the track 200 that is continuous and adapted to extend in the circumferential direction C.

    [0059] The track 200, e.g. the guide plate 204, is further adapted to be placed adjacent to the shoulder region 16 and preferably the track 200, e.g. the guide plate 204, and the shoulder surface 28 (see Fig. 6) of the elevated section 24 are adjacent in the axial direction A.

    [0060] Additionally, according to an example, the track 200, e.g. the guide plate 204, and the shoulder surface 34 (see Fig. 6) of the primary tread block 20 are adjacent in the axial direction A.

    [0061] The above-mentioned forestry machine 300, see Fig. 7, may comprise a frame 302 having two opposite sides and being wheeled for propulsion of the forestry machine. On each side of the frame 302, there may be two or more wheel assemblies 102 each including a tyre. According to an example, a pair of wheel assemblies 102 may be installed to a bogie axle assembly of the frame 302. At least one of the wheel assemblies 102 comprises a tyre corresponding the tyre 100 according to the examples of this description. The wheel assembly 102 may comprise a rim on which the tyre 100 is installed and the wheel assembly 102 is, e.g. by means of the rim, connectable to the frame 302, e.g. to a wheel mount 310 on the frame. The bogie axle assembly may include the wheel mount 310.

    [0062] On each side of the frame 302 the forestry machine 300 may have at least one track corresponding the continuous track 200, each track 200 circling a single wheel assembly 102 or a pair of wheel assemblies 102, the track being placed on the tread section 10 of the tyre 100. The track 200 is in contact with the primary tread blocks 20 and the elevated sections 24.

    [0063] The frame 302 of the forestry machine 300 may be articulated. A cabin 304 with an operator's station, an engine 306 and an articulated boom 308 may be attached to frame 302. A tool 400 for handling timber may be attachable to an end of the boom 308. The tool 400 may be e.g. a felling head or harvester head used in a harvester or a timber grapple used in a forwarder.

    [0064] In the present invention, see Figs. 5 and 6, the radially outermost surface 26 of the elevated section 24 offers a protecting surface adapted to protect the tread groove bottom 22 against damages caused by the track 200 to be placed on the tread section 10. Additionally, the shoulder surface 28 on a side of the tread section 10 offers a supporting surface adapted to support the track 200, e.g. the guide plate 204, that may contact the shoulder surface 28 which prevents lateral movement of the track 200. In an example, the shoulder surface 28 keeps the guide plate 204 from moving into the groove 38 and/or onto the tread section 10.

    [0065] The elevated section 24 adds material onto the tread groove bottom 22 for protecting it against damages.

    [0066] According to an example (see Figs. 5 and 6), in the present invention, additionally the shoulder surface 34 of the primary tread block 20 on a side of the tread section 10 offers a supporting surface adapted to support the track 200, e.g. the guide plate 204, that may contact the shoulder surface 34 which prevents lateral movement of the track 200. In an example, the shoulder surface 34 keeps the guide plate 204 from moving onto the tread section 10.

    [0067] According to the present invention, the primary tread block 20 comprises in the radially outermost surface 32 one or more indentations 36 as shown in Fig. 4. The indentation 36 extends in the axial direction A across the primary tread block 20. The indentation 36 is adapted to support the track 200 and keep the track 200 in place.

    [0068] At least one of the indentations 36 is in the axial direction A aligned with the shoulder surface 28 of the elevated section 24. That is, the indentation 36 is directed towards the shoulder surface 28.

    [0069] According to an example (see Fig. 6), in the present invention for optimally supporting the track 200, inclination RA of the shoulder surface 28 of the elevated section 24 in relation to the radial direction R, or the equatorial plane EQ, equals or is substantially the same as inclination RB of the shoulder surface 34 of the primary tread block 20 in relation to the radial direction R, or the equatorial plane EQ. In the radial direction R, the shoulder surfaces 28, 34 are inclined in such a way that the farther the shoulder surfaces 28, 34 get from the centreline CL the nearer they get to the equatorial plane EQ.

    [0070] According to an example, the above-mentioned inclination angle RA, RB is 0°, or at least 2°, or 5°, or at least 10°. Additionally, the above-mentioned inclination angle RA, RB may be at the most 20°, or 30°, or at the most 40°.

    [0071] Thus, the shoulder surfaces 28, 34 incline towards the radially outermost surfaces 26, 32.

    [0072] According to an example as shown in Fig. 1, in the present invention for optimally supporting the track 200, the shoulder surfaces 28, 34 of the primary tread blocks 20 and the elevated sections 24 are arranged in a circular pattern in relation to the centreline CL. Preferably, each shoulder surface 28, 34 includes a section on which the track 200 is supported. The sections on the shoulder surfaces 28, 34 are at equal or substantially equal distances D1 from the axis of rotation CL, see Fig. 6.

    [0073] According to an example, in the present invention for optimally supporting the track 200, the shoulder surfaces 34 of the primary tread blocks 20 and the shoulder surfaces 28 of the elevated sections 24 are in the axial direction A at equal distances D2 or at substantially equal distances D2 from the equatorial plane EP, see Fig. 6.

    [0074] According to an example as shown in Fig. 3, in the present 2. invention for optimally protecting the tread groove bottom 22 against the track 200 that is rocking on the tread section 10, e.g. on the shoulder surface 34, the elevated section24 is positioned correspondingly.

    [0075] Then, as described above, the elevated section 24 between a pair of the primary tread blocks 20 is closer to one of the primary tread blocks 20 of the pair.

    [0076] Preferably, in the shoulder region 16 or at the shoulder surface 28 of the elevated section 24, the elevated section 24 is located within a distance D4 from the one primary tread block 20. The distance D4 is at the most 80%, or 60%, or preferably at the most 40%, of the distance D3 between the primary tread blocks 20 of the pair, the distance D3 substantially corresponding the width of the tread groove 38. The distances D3, D4 are measured in the circumferential direction C, preferably in the shoulder region 16 or at the shoulder surface 28.

    [0077] The forestry machine 300 may have a tyre chain 500 encircling one or more tyres 100 and being placed on the tread section 10 of the tyre 100, see Fig. 7. The tyre chain 500 is in contact with the primary tread blocks 20 and the elevated sections 24.

    [0078] According to an example as shown in Figs. 4 and 6, the shoulder surface 28 of the elevated section 24 supports the tyre chain 500 when the tyre chain 500 is placed on the tread section 10.

    [0079] It is to be understood that the examples of the 2. invention disclosed are not limited to the structures disclosed herein, but 2. may be extended to equivalents thereof as would be recognized by those skilled in the relevant 2. art, however, without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

    [0080] It should also be understood that terminology employed herein is used for the purpose of describing particular examples only and is not intended to be limiting. Reference throughout this specification to "one example " or "an example" means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with the example is included in at least one example of the present solution. Especially, in the examples above, when referring to a property of e.g. a single tread block then all functionally corresponding tread blocks may include the same property.

    [0081] As used herein, a plurality of items or structural elements may be presented in a common list for convenience. However, these lists should be construed as though each member of the list is individually identified as a separate and unique member.

    [0082] The verbs "to comprise" and "to include" are used in this document as open limitations that neither exclude nor require the existence of also un-recited features. Furthermore, it is to be understood that the use of "a" or "an", i.e. a singular form, throughout this document does not exclude a plurality, unless where specifically mentioned.


    Claims

    1. A pneumatic tyre for forestry use, the tyre (100) comprising:

    - a ground-engaging tread section (10) extending around the tyre in the circumferential direction (C) of the tyre, the tread section defining an imaginary equatorial plane (EP) that is perpendicular to an axial direction (A) of the tyre and passes through a centre region (40) of the tread section;

    - a pair of bead sections (12), located on two opposite sides of the tyre;

    - a pair of sidewall sections (14), located on two opposite sides of the tyre, wherein each sidewall section extends between the respective bead section and the tread section, and wherein the tread section defines a pair of shoulder regions (16) adjacent to the respective sidewall section;

    - wherein the tread section comprises a tread block row (50) on both sides of the equatorial plane and each tread block row extends in the circumferential direction;

    - wherein each tread block row comprises a series of primary tread blocks (20) that are spaced along the circumferential direction and define tread grooves (38) located between the primary tread blocks and defining a tread groove bottom (22) from the level of which the primary tread blocks extend radially to a height (H1) at which each primary tread block comprises a radially outermost surface (32);

    - wherein each primary tread block is oriented obliquely with respect to the circumferential direction and extends obliquely with respect to the axial direction from the centre region to the shoulder region;

    - wherein each tread block row (50) further comprises a series of elevated sections (24), each elevated section being located in the tread groove (38) between two consecutive primary tread blocks (20) with one of which the elevated section is united, each elevated section extending radially from the level of the tread groove bottom (22) and extending in the tread groove obliquely with respect to the axial direction to the shoulder region;

    - wherein each elevated section comprises a radially outermost surface (26) and an axially outermost shoulder surface (28) in such a way

    - that the elevated section extends radially from the level of the tread groove bottom to a height (H2) that is reduced with respect to the height (H1) of the radially outermost surfaces of the primary tread blocks;

    - that the shoulder surface (28) in the shoulder region is oriented transversally in relation to the radially outermost surface; and

    - that the radially outermost surface (26) provides a protecting surface suitable for safeguarding the tread groove bottom from a track (200) which can be placed on the tread section and the shoulder surface (28) provides on the sidewall section a supporting surface suitable for supporting the track;

    characterized in that

    - each primary tread block (20) comprises in the radially outermost surface (32) one or more indentations (36) suitable for supporting the track (200), the one or more indentations extending in the axial direction across the primary tread block, at least one of the indentations being aligned with one of the shoulder surfaces of the elevated sections.


     
    2. The tyre according to claim 1, wherein on one side of the elevated section (24), the elevated section is separated from one of the primary tread blocks (20) by the tread groove bottom (22), and wherein on the other side of the elevated section, the elevated section unites with another one of the primary tread blocks.
     
    3. The tyre according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the elevated section (24) unites with the primary tread block (20) in such a way that the radially outermost surface (26) of the elevated section (24) extends towards the primary tread block and curves smoothly upwards to form a side surface of the primary tread block.
     
    4. The tyre according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the radially outermost surface (26) of each elevated section (24) approaches gradually the level defined by the tread groove bottom (22) adjacent to the elevated section while the elevated section extends towards the centre region.
     
    5. The tyre according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the tread groove bottoms (22) and the elevated sections (24) extend to the sidewall section (14) in such a way that the shoulder surface (28) of each elevated section forms an integral part of the surface of the sidewall section.
     
    6. The tyre according to any one of claims 1 to 5,

    - wherein each primary tread block (20) comprises the radially outermost surface (32) and an axially outermost shoulder surface (34), the shoulder surface in the shoulder region (16) being oriented transversally in relation to the radially outermost surface, and

    - wherein the radially outermost surface (32) provides a supporting surface suitable for supporting the track (200) and the shoulder surface (34) provides on the sidewall section a supporting surface suitable for supporting the track.


     
    7. The tyre according to claim 6, wherein the shoulder surface (28) of the elevated section (24) unites with the shoulder surface (34) of the primary tread block (20) in such a way that the shoulder surface of the elevated section extends smoothly to the shoulder surface of the primary tread block.
     
    8. The tyre according to claim 6 or 7, wherein inclination (RB) of the shoulder surface (28) of the elevated section (24) in relation to a radial direction (R) equals or is substantially the same as inclination (RA) of the shoulder surface (34) of the primary tread block (20) in relation to the radial direction.
     
    9. The tyre according to any one of claims 6 to 8,

    - wherein the shoulder surfaces (34) of the primary tread blocks (20) and the shoulder surfaces (28) of the elevated sections (24) are arranged in a circular pattern; and

    - wherein the shoulder surfaces of the primary tread blocks and the shoulder surfaces of the elevated sections each comprise a section suitable for supporting the track (200) on the section, which sections are in the radial direction at equal distances (D1) or at substantially equal distances from the axis of rotation (CL) of the tyre.


     
    10. The tyre according to any one of claims 6 to 9, wherein the shoulder surfaces (34) of the primary tread blocks (20) and the shoulder surfaces (28) of the elevated sections (24) are in the axial direction at equal distances (D2) or at substantially equal distances from the equatorial plane (EP).
     
    11. The tyre according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the primary tread blocks (20) alternate in the centre region (40) in such a way that every other primary tread block is a primary tread block of one of the tread block rows (50) and every other primary tread block is a primary tread block of the other one of the tread block rows.
     
    12. A forestry machine, comprising a frame, the frame having two opposite sides and being wheeled for propulsion of the forestry machine and having two or more wheel assemblies with tyres on each of the two opposite sides of the frame, at least one of the wheel assemblies comprising

    - a tyre (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 11,

    - wherein the forestry machine further comprises a continuous track (200) circling one of the wheel assemblies including the tyre and/or a pair of wheel assemblies including the tyre and being placed on the tread section (10) of the tyre, the track being in contact with the primary tread blocks (20) and with the elevated sections (24).


     
    13. The forestry machine according to claim 12, wherein the one or more indentations (36) are supporting the track (200), the radially outermost surface (26) of the elevated section (24) provides the protecting surface safeguarding the tread groove bottom (22) from the track (200), and the axially outermost shoulder surface (28) of the elevated section (24) provides on the sidewall section the supporting surface supporting the track (200).
     
    14. A method of installing tyres onto a forestry machine including a frame, the frame having two opposite sides and being wheeled for propulsion of the forestry machine and having two or more wheel assemblies with tyres on each of the two opposite sides of the frame, the method being characterized by

    - mounting at least one of the wheel assemblies comprising a tyre (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 to the frame of the forestry machine.


     
    15. The method according to claim 14, wherein the method further comprises

    - installing a continuous track (200) to circle one of the wheel assemblies including the tyre and/or a pair of wheel assemblies including the tyre and being placed on the tread section (10) of the tyre, the track being in contact with the primary tread blocks (20) and with the elevated sections (24).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Luftreifen für forstwirtschaftliche Nutzung, wobei der Reifen (100) umfasst:

    - einen bodenberührenden Laufflächenabschnitt (10), der sich in Umfangsrichtung (C) des Reifens um den Reifen herum erstreckt, wobei der Laufflächenabschnitt eine imaginäre Äquatorialebene (EP) definiert, die senkrecht zu einer axialen Richtung (A) des Reifens liegt und durch einen mittleren Bereich (40) des Laufflächenabschnitts verläuft;

    - ein Paar Wulstabschnitte (12), die sich an zwei gegenüberliegenden Seiten des Reifens befinden;

    - ein Paar Seitenwandabschnitte (14), die sich auf zwei gegenüberliegenden Seiten des Reifens befinden, wobei sich jeder Seitenwandabschnitt zwischen dem jeweiligen Wulstabschnitt und dem Laufflächenabschnitt erstreckt, und wobei der Laufflächenabschnitt ein Paar Schulterbereiche (16) angrenzend an den jeweiligen Seitenwandabschnitt bildet;

    - wobei der Laufflächenabschnitt eine Laufflächenblockreihe (50) auf beiden Seiten der Äquatorialebene umfasst und sich jede Laufflächenblockreihe in Umfangsrichtung erstreckt;

    - wobei jede Laufflächenblockreihe eine Reihe primärer Laufflächenblöcke (20) umfasst, die entlang der Umfangsrichtung beabstandet sind und Laufflächenrillen (38) bilden, die sich zwischen den primären Laufflächenblöcken befinden und einen Laufflächenrillenboden (22) definieren, von dessen Höhe aus sich die primären Laufflächenblöcke radial bis zu einer Höhe (H1) erstrecken, in der jeder primäre Laufflächenblock eine radial äußerste Fläche (32) umfasst;

    - wobei jeder primäre Laufflächenblock schräg in Bezug auf die Umfangsrichtung ausgerichtet ist und sich schräg in Bezug auf die Axialrichtung von dem mittleren Bereich zum Schulterbereich hin erstreckt;

    - wobei jede Laufflächenblockreihe (50) ferner eine Reihe erhöhter Abschnitte (24) umfasst, wobei jeder erhöhte Abschnitt in der Laufflächenrille (38) zwischen zwei aufeinanderfolgenden primären Laufflächenblöcken (20) angeordnet ist, mit denen der erhöhte Abschnitt jeweils mit einem verbunden ist, wobei sich jeder erhöhte Abschnitt radial von der Ebene des Laufflächenrillenbodens (22) aus erstreckt und sich in der Laufflächenrille in Bezug auf die Axialrichtung schräg zum Schulterbereich erstreckt;

    - wobei jeder erhöhte Abschnitt eine radial äußerste Fläche (26) und ein axial äußerste Schulterfläche (28) in der Weise umfasst,

    - dass sich der erhöhte Bereich radial von der Ebene des Laufflächenrillenbodens bis zu einer Höhe (H2) erstreckt, die in Bezug auf die Höhe (H1) der radial äußersten Flächen der primären Laufflächenblöcke reduziert ist;

    - das die Schulterfläche (28) im Schulterbereich in Bezug auf die radial äußerste Fläche transversal ausgerichtet ist; und

    - dass die radial äußerste Fläche (26) eine Schutzfläche bildet, die geeignet ist, den Laufflächenrillenboden vor einer auf dem Laufflächenabschnitt platzierbaren Raupenkette (200) zu schützen, und die Schulterfläche (28) auf dem Seitenwandabschnitt eine Stützfläche bildet, die geeignet ist, die Raupenkette zu stützen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    - jeder primäre Laufflächenblock (20) in der radial äußersten Fläche (32) eine oder mehrere Kerben (36) aufweist, die geeignet sind, die Raupenkette (200) zu stützen, wobei sich die eine oder mehreren Kerben in Axialrichtung über den primären Laufflächenblock erstrecken, wobei mindestens eine der Kerben auf eine der Schulterflächen der erhöhten Abschnitte ausgerichtet ist.


     
    2. Reifen nach Anspruch 1, bei dem auf einer Seite des erhöhten Abschnitts (24) der erhöhte Abschnitt von einem der primären Laufflächenblöcke (20) durch den Laufflächenrillenboden (22) getrennt ist, und wobei auf der anderen Seite des erhöhten Abschnitts der erhöhte Abschnitt mit einem anderen der primären Laufflächenblöcke verbunden ist.
     
    3. Reifen nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei dem der erhöhte Abschnitt (24) sich mit dem primären Laufflächenblock (20) so verbindet, dass sich die radial äußerste Fläche (26) des erhöhten Abschnitts (24) zum primären Laufflächenblock hin erstreckt und sich sanft nach oben wölbt, um eine Seitenfläche des primären Laufflächenblocks zu bilden.
     
    4. Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei dem sich die radial äußerste Fläche (26) jedes erhöhten Abschnitts (24) allmählich der Ebene annähert, die durch den an den erhöhten Abschnitt angrenzenden Laufflächenrillenboden (22) gebildet wird, während sich der erhöhte Abschnitt in Richtung auf den mittleren Bereich erstreckt.
     
    5. Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem sich die Laufflächenrillenböden (22) und die erhöhten Abschnitte (24) dergestalt zum Seitenwandabschnitt (14) erstrecken, dass die Schulterfläche (28) jedes erhöhten Abschnitts einen integralen Bestandteil der Fläche des Seitenwandabschnitts bildet.
     
    6. Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,

    - wobei jeder primäre Laufflächenblock (20) die radial äußerste Fläche (32) und eine axial äußerste Schulterfläche (34) umfasst, wobei die Schulterfläche im Schulterbereich (16) quer zur radial äußersten Fläche ausgerichtet ist, und

    - wobei die radial äußerste Fläche (32) eine Stützfläche bildet, die geeignet ist, die Raupenkette (200) zu stützen, und die Schulterfläche (34) auf dem Seitenwandabschnitt eine Stützfläche bildet, die geeignet ist, die Raupenkette zu stützen.


     
    7. Reifen nach Anspruch 6, bei dem sich die Schulterfläche (28) des erhöhten Abschnitts (24) mit der Schulterfläche (34) des primären Laufflächenblocks (20) so verbindet, dass sich die Schulterfläche des erhöhten Abschnitts gleichmäßig zur Schulterfläche des primären Laufflächenblocks hin erstreckt.
     
    8. Reifen nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, bei dem die Neigung (RB) der Schulterfläche (28) des erhöhten Abschnitts (24) in Bezug auf eine radiale Richtung (R) gleich der Neigung (RA) der Schulterfläche (34) des primären Laufflächenblocks (20) in Bezug auf die radiale Richtung ist oder im Wesentlichen die gleiche ist.
     
    9. Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8,

    - wobei die Schulterflächen (34) der primären Laufflächenblöcke (20) und die Schulterflächen (28) der erhöhten Abschnitte (24) in einem kreisförmigen Muster angeordnet sind; und

    - wobei die Schulterflächen der primären Laufflächenblöcke und die Schulterflächen der erhöhten Abschnitte jeweils einen Abschnitt aufweisen, der geeignet ist, die Raupenkette (200) auf dem Abschnitt zu stützen, wobei die Abschnitte in der radialen Richtung in gleichen Abständen (D1) oder in im Wesentlichen gleichen Abständen von der Drehachse (CL) des Reifens entfernt liegen.


     
    10. Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 9, bei dem die Schulterflächen (34) der primären Laufflächenblöcke (20) und die Schulterflächen (28) der erhöhten Abschnitte (24) in axialer Richtung in gleichen Abständen (D2) oder in im Wesentlichen gleichen Abständen entfernt von der Äquatorialebene (EP) liegen.
     
    11. Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, bei dem die primären Laufflächenblöcke (20) sich im mittleren Bereich (40) so abwechseln, dass jeder zweite primäre Laufflächenblock ein primärer Laufflächenblock einer der Laufflächenblockreihen (50) ist und jeder zweite primäre Laufflächenblock ein primärer Laufflächenblock der anderen der Laufflächenblockreihen ist.
     
    12. Forstwirtschaftliche Maschine, die einen Rahmen umfasst, wobei der Rahmen zwei entgegengesetzte Seiten hat und mit Rädern zum Antrieb der forstwirtschaftlichen Maschine versehen ist und zwei oder mehr Radsätze mit Reifen auf jeder der beiden entgegengesetzten Seiten des Rahmens aufweist, wobei mindestens einer der Radsätze umfasst:

    - einen Reifen (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11,

    wobei die forstwirtschaftliche Maschine ferner eine Endlosraupenkette (200) umfasst, die einen der Radsätze umfassend den Reifen und/oder ein Paar von Reifensätzen, das den Reifen umfasst und auf dem Laufflächenabschnitt (10) des Reifens platziert wird, eingekreist wird, wobei die Raupenkette in Kontakt mit den primären Laufflächenblöcken (20) und mit den erhöhten Abschnitten (24) ist.
     
    13. Forstwirtschaftliche Maschine nach Anspruch 12, bei der die eine oder die mehreren Kerben (36) die Raupenkette (200) stützen, die radial äußerste Fläche (26) des erhöhten Abschnitts (24) die Schutzfläche bildet, die den Laufflächenrillenboden (22) vor der Raupenkette (200) schützt, und die axial äußerste Schulterfläche (28) des erhöhten Abschnitts (24) auf dem Seitenwandabschnitt die Stützfläche bildet, die die Raupenkette (200) stützt.
     
    14. Verfahren zum Aufziehen von Reifen auf eine forstwirtschaftliche Maschine, das einen Rahmen umfasst, wobei der Rahmen zwei entgegengesetzte Seiten hat und mit Rädern zum Antrieb der forstwirtschaftlichen Maschine versehen ist und zwei oder mehr Radsätze mit Reifen auf jeder der beiden entgegengesetzten Seiten des Rahmens aufweist, wobei das Verfahren gekennzeichnet ist durch

    - Montieren mindestens eines der einen Reifen (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 umfassenden Radsätze an den Rahmen der forstwirtschaftlichen Maschine.


     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, bei dem das Verfahren ferner umfasst: Montieren einer Endlosraupenkette (200) zum Umkreisen eines der Radsätze umfassend den Reifen und/oder ein Paar von Reifensätzen, das den Reifen umfasst und auf dem Laufflächenabschnitt (10) des Reifens platziert wird, wobei die Raupenkette in Kontakt mit den primären Laufflächenblöcken (20) und mit den erhöhten Abschnitten (24) ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pneumatique pour utilisation forestière, le pneumatique (100) comprenant :

    - une section de bande de roulement venant en prise avec le sol (10) s'étendant autour du pneumatique dans la direction circonférentielle (C) du pneumatique, la section de bande de roulement définissant un plan équatorial imaginaire (EP) qui est perpendiculaire à une direction axiale (A) du pneumatique et passe par une région centrale (40) de la section de bande de roulement ;

    - une paire de sections de talon (12), situées sur deux côtés opposés du pneumatique ;

    - une paire de sections de flanc (14), situées sur deux côtés opposés du pneumatique, dans lequel chaque section de flanc s'étend entre la section de talon respective et la section de bande de roulement, et dans lequel la section de bande de roulement définit une paire de régions d'épaulement (16) adjacentes à la section de flanc respective ;

    - dans lequel la section de bande de roulement comprend une rangée de pavés de bande de roulement (50) sur les deux côtés du plan équatorial et chaque rangée de pavés de bande de roulement s'étend dans la direction circonférentielle ;

    - dans lequel chaque rangée de pavés de bande de roulement comprend une série de pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) qui sont espacés le long de la direction circonférentielle et définissent des rainures de bande de roulement (38) situées entre les pavés de bande de roulement primaires et définissant un fond de rainure de bande de roulement (22) à partir du niveau duquel les pavés de bande de roulement primaires s'étendent radialement jusqu'à une hauteur (H1) à laquelle chaque pavé de bande de roulement primaire comprend une surface radialement la plus externe (32) ;

    - dans lequel chaque pavé de bande de roulement primaire est orienté obliquement par rapport à la direction circonférentielle et s'étend obliquement par rapport à la direction axiale de la région centrale à la région d'épaulement ;

    - dans lequel chaque rangée de pavés de bande de roulement (50) comprend en outre une série de sections surélevées (24), chaque section surélevée étant située dans la rainure de bande de roulement (38) entre deux pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) consécutifs avec l'un desquels la section surélevée est unie, chaque section surélevée s'étendant radialement à partir du niveau du fond de rainure de bande de roulement (22) et s'étendant dans la rainure de bande de roulement obliquement par rapport à la direction axiale jusqu'à la région d'épaulement ;

    - dans lequel chaque section surélevée comprend une surface radialement la plus externe (26) et une surface d'épaulement axialement la plus externe (28) d'une manière telle

    - que la section surélevée s'étend radialement à partir du niveau du fond de rainure de bande de roulement jusqu'à une hauteur (H2) qui est réduite par rapport à la hauteur (H1) des surfaces radialement les plus externes des pavés de bande de roulement primaires ;

    - que la surface d'épaulement (28) dans la région d'épaulement est orientée transversalement par rapport à la surface radialement la plus externe ; et

    - que la surface radialement la plus externe (26) fournit une surface de protection appropriée pour préserver le fond de rainure de bande de roulement vis-à-vis d'une chenille (200) qui peut être placée sur la section de bande de roulement et la surface d'épaulement (28) fournit sur la section de flanc une surface de support appropriée pour porter la chenille ; caractérisé en ce que

    - chaque pavé de bande de roulement primaire (20) comprend, dans la surface radialement la plus externe (32), une ou plusieurs indentations (36) appropriées pour porter la chenille (200), les une ou plusieurs indentations s'étendant dans la direction axiale à travers le pavé de bande de roulement primaire, au moins l'une des indentations étant alignée avec l'une des surfaces d'épaulement des sections surélevées.


     
    2. Pneumatique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel sur un côté de la section surélevée (24), la section surélevée est séparée de l'un des pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) par le fond de rainure de bande de roulement (22), et dans lequel sur l'autre côté de la section surélevée, la section surélevée s'unit avec un autre des pavés de bande de roulement primaires.
     
    3. Pneumatique selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la section surélevée (24) s'unit avec le pavé de bande de roulement primaire (20) d'une manière telle que la surface radialement la plus externe (26) de la section surélevée (24) s'étend vers le pavé de bande de roulement primaire et s'incurve progressivement vers le haut pour former une surface latérale du pavé de bande de roulement primaire.
     
    4. Pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la surface radialement la plus externe (26) de chaque section surélevée (24) s'approche graduellement du niveau défini par le fond de rainure de bande de roulement (22) adjacent à la section surélevée tandis que la section surélevée s'étend vers la région centrale.
     
    5. Pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel les fonds de rainure de bande de roulement (22) et les sections surélevées (24) s'étendent jusqu'à la section de flanc (14) d'une manière telle que la surface d'épaulement (28) de chaque section surélevée fait partie intégrante de la surface de la section de flanc.
     
    6. Pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,

    - dans lequel chaque pavé de bande de roulement primaire (20) comprend la surface radialement la plus externe (32) et une surface d'épaulement axialement la plus externe (34), la surface d'épaulement dans la région d'épaulement (16) étant orientée transversalement par rapport à la surface radialement la plus externe, et

    - dans lequel la surface radialement la plus externe (32) fournit une surface de support appropriée pour porter la chenille (200) et la surface d'épaulement (34) fournit sur la section de flanc une surface de support appropriée pour porter la chenille.


     
    7. Pneumatique selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la surface d'épaulement (28) de la section surélevée (24) s'unit avec la surface d'épaulement (34) du pavé de bande de roulement primaire (20) d'une manière telle que la surface d'épaulement de la section surélevée s'étend progressivement jusqu'à la surface d'épaulement du pavé de bande de roulement primaire.
     
    8. Pneumatique selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel l'inclinaison (RB) de la surface d'épaulement (28) de la section surélevée (24) par rapport à une direction radiale (R) est égale ou est sensiblement la même que l'inclinaison (RA) de la surface d'épaulement (34) du pavé de bande de roulement primaire (20) par rapport à la direction radiale.
     
    9. Pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8,

    - dans lequel les surfaces d'épaulement (34) des pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) et les surfaces d'épaulement (28) des sections surélevées (24) sont agencées selon un motif circulaire ; et

    - dans lequel les surfaces d'épaulement des pavés de bande de roulement primaires et les surfaces d'épaulement des sections surélevées comprennent chacune une section appropriée pour porter la chenille (200) sur la section, lesquelles sections sont dans la direction radiale à des distances égales (D1) ou à des distances sensiblement égales de l'axe de rotation (CL) du pneumatique.


     
    10. Pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 9, dans lequel les surfaces d'épaulement (34) des pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) et les surfaces d'épaulement (28) des sections surélevées (24) sont dans la direction axiale à des distances égales (D2) ou à des distances sensiblement égales du plan équatorial (EP).
     
    11. Pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, dans lequel les pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) alternent dans la région centrale (40) d'une manière telle qu'un pavé de bande de roulement primaire sur deux est un pavé de bande de roulement primaire de l'une des rangées de pavés de bande de roulement (50) et qu'un pavé de bande de roulement primaire sur deux est un pavé de bande de roulement primaire de l'autre des rangées de pavés de bande de roulement.
     
    12. Machine forestière, comprenant un châssis, le châssis ayant deux côtés opposés et étant sur roues pour la propulsion de la machine forestière et ayant deux ensembles de roues ou plus munis de pneumatiques sur chacun des deux côtés opposés du châssis, au moins l'un des ensembles de roues comprenant

    - un pneumatique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11,

    - dans laquelle la machine forestière comprend en outre une chenille continue (200) encerclant l'un des ensembles de roues incluant le pneumatique et/ou une paire d'ensembles de roues incluant le pneumatique et placée sur la section de bande de roulement (10) du pneumatique, la chenille étant en contact avec les pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) et avec les sections surélevées (24).


     
    13. Machine forestière selon la revendication 12, dans laquelle les une ou plusieurs indentations (36) portent la chenille (200), la surface radialement la plus externe (26) de la section surélevée (24) fournit la surface de protection préservant le fond de rainure de bande de roulement (22) vis-à-vis de la chenille (200), et la surface d'épaulement axialement la plus externe (28) de la section surélevée (24) fournit sur la section de flanc la surface de support portant la chenille (200).
     
    14. Procédé d'installation de pneumatiques sur une machine forestière incluant un châssis, le châssis ayant deux côtés opposés et étant sur roues pour la propulsion de la machine forestière et ayant deux ensembles de roues ou plus munis de pneumatiques sur chacun des deux côtés opposés du châssis, le procédé étant caractérisé par

    - le montage d'au moins l'un des ensembles de roues comprenant un pneumatique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 sur le châssis de la machine forestière.


     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre

    - l'installation d'une chenille continue (200) afin qu'elle encercle l'un des ensembles de roues incluant le pneumatique et/ou une paire d'ensembles de roues incluant le pneumatique et placée sur la section de bande de roulement (10) du pneumatique, la chenille étant en contact avec les pavés de bande de roulement primaires (20) et avec les sections surélevées (24).


     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description