(19)
(11)EP 3 936 441 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
12.01.2022 Bulletin 2022/02

(21)Application number: 20382616.9

(22)Date of filing:  09.07.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B64F 1/28(2006.01)
B67D 7/00(2010.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B64F 1/28
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Vimasol e Hijos, S.L.
03203 Elche (Alicante) (ES)

(72)Inventors:
  • Martínez Maciá, Juan
    03203 ELCHE (ALICANTE) (ES)
  • Martínez Maciá, Vicente
    03203 ELCHE (ALICANTE) (ES)

(74)Representative: Sahuquillo Huerta, Jesús 
Jesana Patentes, SL Jesana iP C/ Huesca 5 ,Oficina 2
46001 Valencia
46001 Valencia (ES)


(56)References cited: : 
  
      


    (54)DEVICE FOR THE SUPPLY OF FUEL TO AIRCRAFT


    (57) A device for the supply of fuel to aircraft comprising: an elevating arm (1) situated above a mobile trolley (1.2) and where the elevating arm (1) is articulated with respect to a shaft (1.1) between a first position that is substantially horizontal and parallel to the surface of the floor and a second elevated position; an adaptor assembly (2) integrally joined to the upper surface of the elevating arm (1) and from which a drive handle (5) emerges frontally which is configured to mobilise the mobile trolley (1.2) by means of multiple wheels (1.3); and which is characterised by the fact that it comprises an articulated clamp (3) by means of an actuation mechanism (4) integrally joined to the adaptor assembly (2) on the lower and internal surface of the elevating arm (1) such that said articulated clamp (3) is configured to be adjusted on a handle of the pit elbow.




    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] This invention refers to a mechanical device configured to take and release the pit elbows for the supply of fuel to aircraft that currently exist in the market. This invention is preferably installed in a pit elbow elevator, which allows for the releasing or unhooking of the mentioned elbow and the possibility of performing the supply manoeuvre without the elevator coupled to the hydrant elbow.

    State of the art



    [0002] The Energy Institute and the American Petroleum Institute (El and API) provide specifications that describe the requirements for products intended for the equipment used in the aviation turbine fuel service or for products used in the aircraft fuel supply procedure. There are currently various pit elbow elevators that enable, with a permanent fixing system, the elevation and later lowering thereof with a permanent connection, without the possibility of decoupling the pit elbow from the elevator.

    [0003] However, these systems, since they have a permanent and integral connection with the pit elbow, can in some cases interfere with the separable safety mechanism which allows it to be safely separated in the event of an impact on the elbow; it may require some tests by the manufacturers of the pit elbows to verify the absence of interference with the separable security mechanisms. An example of these separable safety couplings is described in document EP3209914B1.

    Explanation of the invention



    [0004] The purpose of this invention is to provide a device for the supply of fuel to aircraft that can elevate the pit elbow such that it does not interfere in the releasable coupling of the elbow (break-away system). This purpose is achieved with the device according to claim 1. In the dependent claims, particular and/or preferred embodiments of the invention are described.

    [0005] More specifically, the device for the supply of fuel to aircraft comprising: an elevating arm situated above a mobile trolley and where the elevating arm is articulated with respect to a shaft between a first position that is substantially horizontal and parallel to the surface of the floor and a second elevated position; an adaptor assembly integrally joined to the upper surface of the elevating arm and from which a drive handle emerges frontally which is configured to mobilise the mobile trolley by means of multiple wheels; and which is characterised by the fact that it comprises an articulated clamp by means of an actuation mechanism integrally joined to the adaptor assembly on the lower and internal surface of the elevating arm such that said articulated clamp is configured to be adjusted on a handle of the pit elbow.

    [0006] The scope of this invention is defined by the claims. Throughout the description and claims, the word "comprises" and its variants are not intended to exclude other technical characteristics, additives, components or steps. For experts in the field, other purposes, advantages and features of the invention will be gathered partly from the description and partly from practicing the invention. The following examples of use and associated figures are provided for illustrative purposes and are not exhaustive. In addition, this invention covers all possible combinations of particular and preferred realisations indicated herein.

    Brief explanation of the drawings



    [0007] Below a series of drawings and sketches are briefly described that help to better understand the invention and are explicitly related to an embodiment of this invention that is presented as a non-limiting example thereof.

    FIG.1 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a single clamp and pneumatic actuation in a closed position

    FIG.2 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a single clamp and pneumatic actuation in an open position

    FIG.3 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a single clamp and pneumatic actuation in elevation sequence

    FIG.4 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a single clamp and mechanical actuation in a closed position

    FIG.5 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a single clamp and mechanical actuation in an open position

    FIG.6 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a single clamp and mechanical actuation in elevation sequence

    FIG.7 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a double clamp and pneumatic actuation in a closed position

    FIG.8 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a double clamp and pneumatic actuation in an open position

    FIG.9 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a double clamp and pneumatic actuation in elevation sequence

    FIG.10 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a double clamp and mechanical actuation in a closed position

    FIG.11 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a double clamp and mechanical actuation in an open position

    FIG.12 shows the device of the invention in an embodiment with a double clamp and mechanical actuation in elevation sequence

    FIG.13 shows the mobile trolley (1.2) on which the device of the invention is articulated in any of the embodiments shown in figures 1 to 12


    Detailed explanation of the embodiments of the invention



    [0008] As can be observed in the attached figures, the essential elements of the aircraft fuel device comprise an elevating arm (1) that shall be situated on a mobile trolley (1.2) that can be pulled through a drive handle (5) situated at the front of the elevating arm (1) thanks to the wheels (1.3) and which is joined to the elevating arm (1) through the arm-clamp adaptation assembly (2). The device is completed with an articulated clamp (3) that can be single or double and an actuation mechanism (4) that can be pneumatic or mechanical.

    [0009] Therefore, this invention comprises four essential embodiments:

    Single clamp with pneumatic actuation (figures 1 to 3)

    Single clamp with mechanical actuation (figures 4 to 6)

    Double clamp with pneumatic actuation (figures 7 to 9)

    Double clamp with mechanical actuation (figures 10 to 12)



    [0010] For all the embodiments shown in the attached figures 1 to 13, the elevating arm (1) is articulated with respect to a shaft (1.1) between a first position that is substantially horizontal and parallel to the surface of the floor and a second elevated position. This shaft (1.1) is the joining element with the mobile trolley (1.2) that has multiple wheels at the bottom (1.3) which permit its movement by pulling thanks to the drive handle (5) that the elevating arm (1) has at the front.

    [0011] The adaptor assembly (2) like the elevating arm (1), functions as a frame for the rest of the elements; the whole assembly can be exchanged if needed at any given time, given each pit elbow of each manufacturer (for example, the Meggit type, the Eaton-Carter type or the Claval type, which refer to the manufacturer of the pit elbow).

    First practical embodiment. Single clamp with pneumatic actuation (figures 1 to 3)



    [0012] In this embodiment, the articulated clamp (3) is configured as a stainless steel folded plate (3.1) soldered to a bolt (3.2) which is configured as an articulation shaft of said folded plate (3.1) when it is actuated by the actuation mechanism (4). The folded plate (3.1), therefore, is articulated between an open position and a closed position against a fixed plate (2.1) of the adaptation assembly (2) which is configured as a stop.

    [0013] On the other hand, the pneumatic actuation mechanism (4) is configured as a hinge (4.1) fixed on the adaptation assembly (2) on the lower and internal surface of the elevating arm (1) and which is configured to allow the small variations of a pneumatic cylinder (4.2) acting on the folding plate (3.1) which makes up the single articulated clamp (3) through a coupling swivel (4.3).

    Second practical embodiment. Single clamp with mechanical actuation (figures 4 to 6)



    [0014] This second embodiment differs from the first embodiment in the actuation mechanism (4), which in this case is of the mechanical type and which is made up essentially of a handle (4.4) soldered or screwed to the plate (3.1) that makes up the single articulated clamp (3). Moreover, it comprises a mechanical locking mechanism (4.5) between a first open position and a second closed position of the handle (4.4).

    Third practical embodiment. Double clamp with pneumatic actuation (figures 7 to 9)



    [0015] In this embodiment, the articulated clamp (3) is configured as two hooks (3.3a) and (3.3b) that are symmetrical and facing one another in a high-density polymer, in aluminium or stainless steel, articulated through two shafts (3.4) and integrated with each other by means of at least one connecting rod (3.5).

    [0016] On the other hand, the pneumatic actuation mechanism (4) is configured as a hinge (4.1) fixed on the adaptation assembly (2) on the lower and internal surface of the elevating arm (1) and which is configured to allow the small variations of a pneumatic cylinder (4.2) acting on a first hook (3.3a) through a coupling swivel (4.3), such that when the pneumatic cylinder (4.2) actuates said first hook (3.3a), the hinge (3.5) actuates the second hook (3.3b) configuring an opening and closing movement with respect to the two shafts (3.4) of the hooks (3.3a) and (3.3b).

    Fourth practical embodiment. Double clamp with mechanical actuation (figures 10 to 12)



    [0017] Finally, this fourth practical embodiment differs from the third embodiment in the actuation mechanism (4) which in this case is of the mechanical type and which is made up of essentially an "L"-shaped handle (4.4) integrally joined with the hinge shaft (3.4) of the first hook (3.3a) and which comprises a mechanical locking mechanism (4.5) between a first open position and a second closed position of the handle (4.4).


    Claims

    1. A device for the supply of fuel to aircraft comprising:

    an elevating arm (1) situated above a mobile trolley (1.2) and where the elevating arm (1) is articulated with respect to a shaft (1.1) between a first position that is substantially horizontal and parallel to the surface of the floor and a second elevated position;

    an adaptor assembly (2) integrally joined to the upper surface of the elevating arm (1) and from which a drive handle (5) emerges frontally which is configured to mobilise the mobile trolley (1.2) by means of multiple wheels (1.3);

    and which is characterised by the fact that it comprises an articulated clamp (3) by means of an actuation mechanism (4) integrally joined to the adaptor assembly (2) on the lower and internal surface of the elevating arm (1) such that said articulated clamp (3) is configured to be adjusted on a handle of the pit elbow.


     
    2. The device according to claim 1 where the articulated clamp (3) is configured as a stainless steel folded plate (3.1) soldered to a bolt (3.2) which is configured as an articulation shaft of said folded plate (3.1) when it is actuated by the actuation mechanism (4) between an open position and a closed position against a fixed plate (2.1) of the adaptation assembly (2) which is configured as a stop.
     
    3. The device according to claim 1 where the articulated clamp (3) is configured as two hooks (3.3a) and (3.3b), symmetrical and facing one another, which are manufactured in a high-density polymer, in aluminium or in stainless steel, articulated through two shafts (3.4) and integrated with each other by means of at least one connecting rod (3.5).
     
    4. The device according to any of claims 1 to 3 where the pneumatic actuation mechanism (4) is configured as a hinge (4.1) fixed to the adaptation assembly (2) on the lower and internal surface of the elevating arm (1) and which is configured to allow the small variations of a pneumatic cylinder (4.2) acting on the folding plate (3) through a coupling swivel (4.3).
     
    5. The device according to any of claims 1 to 4 where the actuation mechanism (4) is made up essentially of an "L"-shaped handle (4.4) and joined integrally to the articulated clamp (3) and which comprises a mechanical locking mechanism (4.5) between a first open position and a second closed position of the handle (4.4).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description