(19)
(11)EP 3 936 546 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
12.01.2022 Bulletin 2022/02

(21)Application number: 20810243.4

(22)Date of filing:  15.05.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C08F 297/02(2006.01)
C08F 4/659(2006.01)
C08F 4/52(2006.01)
C08F 4/64(2006.01)
C08F 4/44(2006.01)
C08F 2/38(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
C08F 297/02; C08F 4/44; C08F 4/52; C08F 4/64; C08F 4/659; C08F 2/38
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2020/006436
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/235882 (26.11.2020 Gazette  2020/48)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 17.05.2019 KR 20190058295
30.09.2019 KR 20190121193

(71)Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • PARK, Ji Hyun
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Dae Woong
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • PARK, Sung Hyun
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • SA, Seok Pil
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • IM, Seul Ki
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Hyun Mo
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • KIM, Yun Kon
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Ki Soo
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Myung Han
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • SHIN, Eun Ji
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)

  


(54)POLYOLEFIN-POLYSTYRENE MULTIBLOCK COPOLYMER AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR


(57) The present invention relates to: a polyolefin-polystyrene multiblock copolymer having a structure in which a polystyrene chain is attached to both ends of a polyolefin chain; and a preparation method therefor.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD


Cross-reference to Related Applications



[0001] This application claims the benefit of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2019-0058295, filed on May 17, 2019 and Korean Patent Application No. 10-2019-0121193, filed on September 30, 2019, in the Korean Intellectual Property Office, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein in their entirety by reference.

Technical Field



[0002] The present invention relates to a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer having a structure in which polystyrene chains are attached to both ends of a polyolefin chain, and a method for producing the same.

BACKGROUND ART



[0003] Research and development of block copolymers are being actively carried out as widely used materials in not only common plastics but also high-tech devices. In particular, styrene-olefin copolymer resins containing both a polyolefin (PO) block and a polystyrene (PS) block have excellent heat resistance, light resistance, elastic force, and the like, and thus are being useful in various technical fields.

[0004] Currently, the market with respect to polyolefin-polystyrene block copolymers, such as, Styrene-EthyleneButylene-Styrene (SEBS) or Styrene-Ethylene-Propylene-Styrene (SEPS) have been formed on a scale of several hundred thousand metric tons worldwide. A representative example of the styrene-olefin copolymer resins may include a polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene-co-1-butene)-blockpolystyrene (SEBS) triblock copolymer. The SEBS triblock copolymer exhibits thermoplastic elastomer characteristics since the hard polystyrene domain in the structure thereof is separated from a soft poly(ethylene-co-1-butene) matrix and acts as a physical cross-linking site. According to these characteristics, the SEBS has been widely used in the group of products requiring rubbers, plastics, and the like, and the demand thereof is increasing greatly as the use range thereof is gradually increased.

[0005] Meanwhile, physical properties such as a melt viscosity and elastic modulus of the copolymer have a great influence on setting of extrusion processing conditions such as a film. In order to analyze physical properties of the copolymer, complex viscosity, storage modulus, and loss modulus in a molten state are measured and utilized, and a storage modulus-loss modulus curve is used for changes in the microstructure of the polymer.

[0006] Under the above background, there is a continuing need to produce a better product having a balance between physical properties and processability, and in particular, there is a further need for a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer having excellent processability.

[PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS]


[PATENT DOCUMENTS]



[0007] Korean Patent No. 10-1657925

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


TECHNICAL PROBLEM



[0008] An aspect of the present invention provides a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer having a structure in which polystyrene chains are attached to both ends of a polyolefin chain, and more particularly, a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer having excellent impact strength and tensile characteristics by exhibiting a specific range of a height and a half-width of a tanδ peak.

TECHNICAL SOLUTION



[0009] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer satisfying conditions (a) and (b) below in the range of -80 °C to 40 °C in a graph which shows a variation of loss tangent (tanδ) (y-axis) over temperature (x-axis), and is obtained by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA):
  1. (a) the height of tanδ peak is 0.20 to 0.35; and
  2. (b) the half-width of tanδ peak is 32.0 °C to 50.0 °C.

ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS



[0010] The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer provided by the present invention has excellent mechanical properties such as tensile properties and impact strength, thereby being used in various industrial applications.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0011] 

FIG. 1 shows 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra of a ligand compound according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 shows 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra of a transition metal compound according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a graph of a temperature (x-axis) and a storage modulus E' (y-axis) in an example and a comparative example of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a graph of a temperature (x-axis) and a loss modulus E" (y-axis) in an example and a comparative example of the present invention; and

FIG. 5 is a graph of temperatures (x-axis) and tanδ (y-axis) in an example and a comparative example of the present invention.


MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



[0012] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail to aid in understanding the present invention.

[0013] Terms or words used in the specification and claims should not be interpreted as being limited to a conventional or dictionary meaning, and should be interpreted as the meaning and concept that accord with the technical spirit on the grounds of the principle that the inventor can appropriately define the concept of the term in order to explain invention in the best way.

Polyolefin-polystyrene Multi-block Copolymer



[0014] A polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention is characterized by satisfying conditions (a) and (b) below in the range of -80 °C to 40 °C in a graph which shows a variation of loss tangent (tanδ) (y-axis) over temperature (x-axis), and is obtained by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA):
  1. (a) the height of tanδ peak is 0.20 to 0.35; and
  2. (b) the half-width of tanδ peak is 32.0 °C to 50.0 °C.


[0015] The loss tangent (tanδ) value means the ratio (E"/E') of a loss modulus (E"), which represents viscosity of a material to a storage modulus (E'), which represents elasticity of the material, and is used as an index for evaluating viscoelastic properties of a copolymer.

[0016] With regard to the condition (a), when tanδ values over temperature in the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention were measured and represented as a graph having temperature as the x-axis and tanδ as the γ-axis, the height of the tanδ peak in the range of -80 °C to 40 °C is 0.20 to 0.35. In particular, the height of the tanδ peak may be 0.20 or more, 0.22 or more, 0.25 or more, or 0.27 or more, and may be 0.35 or less, 0.34 or less, 0.33 or less, or 0.32 or less.

[0017] The height of the tanδ peak represents a y value when the tanδ value is the maximum in the range of -80 °C to 40 °C on the x-axis, where the tanδ peak may be shown as one peak in the range of -50 °C to -30 °C.

[0018] There may be problems that when the height of the tanδ peak is less than 0.20, the degree of energy dispersion may be deteriorated due to a small value of a loss modulus compared to a storage modulus, and the impact strength may be low, and when the height of the tanδ peak is greater than 0.35, the flexural strength of the copolymer may be deteriorated.

[0019] With regard to the condition (b), the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention has the above-described height of the tanδ peak and the half-width of the tanδ peak is 32.0 °C to 50.0 °C. Particularly, the half-width of the tanδ peak may be 32.0 °C or more, 33.0 °C or more, 35.0 °C or more, 36.0 °C or more, 37.0 °C or more, or 37.6 °C or more, and may be 50.0 °C or less, 49.5 °C or less, or 49.1 °C or less.

[0020] When temperatures having a half of the height of the tanδ peak defined in the condition (a) as the tanδ value are T1 (low temperature) and T2 (high temperature), the half-width of the tanδ peak refers to T2-T1, which is a temperature range between T1 and T2, and may be used as an index for analyzing how the tanδ value is distributed according to the temperature change in the copolymer. Since it means that the smaller the half-width of the tanδ peak is, the faster the transition from the glass phase to the rubber phase can be, the smaller the half-width of the tanδ peak, the higher the impact strength, and thus the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention may be effectively used as the impact modifier.

[0021] When the range of the half-width of the tanδ peak is above 50.0 °C, the impact strength of the copolymer is deteriorated, and thus there may be a problem in that sufficient effects are not exhibited when the copolymer is used as an impact modifier.

[0022] As such, the polyolefin-polystyrene copolymer of the present invention satisfies the conditions (a) and (b) at the same time, thereby exhibiting excellent impact strength and being widely used as an impact modifier in various fields.

[0023] The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention may further satisfy conditions (c) and (d) below:

(c) the tanδ value at -10 °C to -30 °C is 0.10 to 0.30; and

(d) the tanδ value at 15 °C to 30 °C is 0.05 to 0.50.



[0024] The conditions (c) and (d) satisfy the variation and distribution of the tanδ values over temperature as in the above-described conditions (a) and (b), respectively, and quantitatively express the tanδ values at low temperature and high temperature, respectively, which may mean that energy transferred from the impact when the impact is applied to the copolymer may be efficiently dispersed as the tanδ value is increased since the loss modulus value is increased and the storage modulus value is decreased, and thus the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention has excellent degree of enduring the impact and thus may be used as an excellent impact modifier.

[0025] With regard to the condition (c), the tanδ at -10 °C to -30 °C may be 0.10 to 0.30, specifically 0.10 or more, 0.15 or more, or 0.17 or more, and may be 0.30 or less, 0.25 or less, or 0.21 or less. In addition, the storage modulus E' may be 50-200 MPa and the loss modulus E" may be 10-100 MPa while satisfying the range of tanδ.

[0026] With respect to the condition (d), the tanδ at 15 °C to 30 °C may be 0.05 to 0.50, specifically 0.05 or more, 0.06 or more, or 0.07 or more, and may be 0.50 or less, 0.40 or less, 0.30 or less, 0.20 or less, or 0.10 or less. In addition, the storage modulus E' may be 10-50 MPa and the loss modulus E" may be 1-5 MPa while satisfying the range of tanδ.

[0027] As described above, the copolymer of the present invention satisfies the tanδ values of the conditions (c) and (d), thereby exhibiting excellent impact strength at both low temperatures of -10 °C to -30 °C and high temperatures of 15 °C to 30 °C.

[0028] The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer may have a weight average molecular weight of 40,000 to 200,000 g/mol, and particularly, 50,000 g/mol or more, 60,000 g/mol or more, or 70,000 g/mol or more, and may have 150,000 g/mol or less, 120,000 g/mol or less, or 110,000 g/mol or less.

[0029] In addition, the molecular weight distribution of the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer may be 1.0 to 3.0, and particularly, 1.5 or more, or 1.6 or more, and may be 3.0 or less, 2.5 or less, 2.0 or less, or 1.9 or less.

[0030] The weight average molecular weight and number average molecular weight each are a polystyrene-conversion molecular weight analyzed by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and the molecular weight distribution is calculated from the ratio of (weight average molecular weight)/(number average molecular weight).

[0031] The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer may be at least one selected from the group consisting of a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-propylene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-butene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-pentene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrenepoly(ethylene-co-1-hexene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-heptene)-polystyrene block copolymer, and a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-octene)-polystyrene block copolymer.

[0032] In addition, the polyolefin block of the copolymer of the present invention may include at least one repeating unit represented by Formula a below:



[0033] In Formula a above,

R1 is hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, or arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, and

n may be an integer of 1 to 10,000.



[0034] In addition, according to an embodiment of the present invention, R1 above may be hydrogen or alkyl having 3 to 20 carbon atoms.

[0035] In addition, according to an embodiment of the present invention, R1 above may be hydrogen or alkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, and particularly, R1 above may be hydrogen or alkyl having 4 to 12 carbon atoms.

[0036] In addition, n above may be an integer of 10 to 10,000, and particularly, an integer of 500 to 7,000.

[0037] Meanwhile, "*" in the formulae shown in the specification of the present invention represents a connecting part, which is a terminal part of a repeating unit.

[0038] When the polyolefin block includes at least two repeating units represented by Formula a above, the polyolefin block may include a repeating unit represented by Formula b below:



[0039] In Formula b above,

R1' and R1" are each independently hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, or arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, wherein R1' and R1" above are different from each other,

0<p<1, and

n' may be an integer of 1 to 10,000.



[0040] In addition, according to an embodiment of the present invention, R1' and R1" above may be each independently hydrogen or alkyl having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, particularly may be each independently hydrogen or alkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, and more particularly may be each independently hydrogen or alkyl having 4 to 12 carbon atoms.

[0041] In addition, particularly, n' may be an integer of 10 to 10,000, and more particularly, an integer of 500 to 7,000.

[0042] According to an embodiment of the present invention, in Formula b above, one of R1' and R1" may be hydrogen, and the other may be a substituent other than hydrogen among the above-mentioned substituents.

[0043] That is, when the polyolefin block includes at least two repeating units represented by Formula a above, a structure in which R1 is hydrogen and a structure in which R1 is alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, or arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl other than hydrogen may be randomly connected, and particularly, a structure in which R1 is hydrogen and a structure in which R1 is alkyl having 3 to 20 carbon atoms other than hydrogen may be randomly connected.

[0044] In addition, more particularly, the polyolefin block may be the one that a structure in which R1 is hydrogen and a structure in which R1 is alkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms in Formula a above are randomly connected, and still more particularly, the polyolefin block may be the one that a structure in which R1 is hydrogen and a structure in which R1 is alkyl having 4 to 12 carbon atoms in Formula a above are randomly connected.

[0045] When the polyolefin block includes at least two repeating units represented by Formula a above, the polyolefin block may include a structure in which R1 is hydrogen and a structure in which R1 is a substituent other than hydrogen in Formula a above, in a weight ratio of 30:90 to 70:10, particularly, in a weight ratio of 40:60 to 60:40, and more particularly in a weight ratio of 45:75 to 55:25.

[0046] When the polyolefin block includes a structure in which R1 is hydrogen and a structure in which R1 is a substituent other than hydrogen in the above-mentioned range, the prepared block copolymer includes a branch to an appropriate degree within the structure, and thus may have a high modulus value of 300% and an elongation at break to exhibit excellent elastic properties, and may exhibit a wide molecular weight distribution together with a high molecular weight to have excellent processability.

[0047] In addition, a first polystyrene block of the copolymer of the present invention may include at least one repeating unit represented by Formula c below:



[0048] In Formula c above,

R2 is aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms which is substituted with halogen, alkyl having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and

1 is independently an integer of 10 to 1,000.

R2 above may be phenyl, or phenyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, alkyl having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and R2 may be phenyl.

1 above may be an integer of 10 to 1,000, and particularly an integer of 50 to 700, and when 1 is within the above range, the polyolefin-polystyrene block copolymer prepared by the production method of the present invention may have an appropriate level of viscosity.



[0049] In particular, the copolymer of the present invention may form a composite block represented by Formula d below which is formed by combining the polyolefin block including a repeating unit represented by Formula a above and the first polystyrene block including a repeating unit represented by Formula c above:



[0050] In Formula d,

R1 is hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, or arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, and

R2 is aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms which is substituted with halogen, alkyl having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms,

1 is an integer of 10 to 1,000, and

n is an integer of 1 to 10,000.



[0051] In addition, in Formula d above, each of R1, R2, 1 and n is the same as defined in Formula a and Formula c above.

[0052] In addition, when the polyolefin block includes the repeating unit represented by Formula a above, the composite block formed by combining the first polystyrene block including the repeating unit represented by Formula c above may be represented by Formula e below:



[0053] In Formula e above, each of R1', R1", p, 1 and n' above is the same as defined in Formula a or c above.

[0054] In addition, when the copolymer of the present invention is prepared, a styrene monomer may form a polyolefin block, and together the styrene monomer may be bonded and polymerized to an organozinc compound to form a separate styrene polymer block. The separate styrene polymer block herein is referred to as a second polystyrene block. The second polystyrene block may include a repeating unit represented by Formula f below:



[0055] In Formula f above,

R3 is aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms which is substituted with halogen, alkyl having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and

m is independently an integer of 10 to 1,000.



[0056] In addition, according to an embodiment of the present invention, R3 above may be phenyl, or phenyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, alkyl having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and R3 may be phenyl.
m above may be an integer of 10 to 1,000, and particularly, an integer of 50 to 700.

[0057] That is, the copolymer of the present invention may include the first polystyrene block including the repeating unit represented by Formula c above and the second polystyrene block including the repeating unit represented by Formula f above.

[0058] Accordingly, the block copolymer composition may include a triblock copolymer including the polyolefin block including at least one repeating unit represented by Formula a below; the first polystyrene block including the repeating unit represented by Formula c below; and the second polystyrene block including the repeating unit represented by Formula f below:







[0059] In Formulae above,

R1 is hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl, arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, or arylalkyl having 7 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with silyl,

R2 and R3 are aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms which is substituted with halogen, alkyl having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms,

n is an integer of 10 to 10,000, and

1 and m are each independently an integer of 10 to 1,000.



[0060] Also, in Formulae above, R1, R2, R3, n, 1 and m are the same as defined in Formulae a, c and f.

Method for Producing Polyolefin-polystyrene Multi-block Copolymer



[0061] A method for producing a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention is characterized by including the steps of: (S1) polymerizing olefin monomers using an organozinc compound as a chain transfer agent in the presence of a catalyst composition including a transition metal compound represented by Formula 1 below to form a polyolefin block; and (S2) anionically polymerizing the polyolefin block with a styrene monomer in the presence of an alkyl lithium compound containing a silicon atom and a triamine compound to form a polystyrene block.

[0062] The production method of the present invention, as described below, forms a polyolefin chain by using a transition metal compound represented by Formula 1, which is efficiently utilized in the polymerization of olefin monomers, as a catalyst, and then continuously performs styrene anionpolymerization to form a polyolefin-polystyrene block, thereby forming a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer having a specific height and a half-width of the tanδ peak.

Step (S1)



[0063] The step (S1) is a step of polymerizing olefin monomers using an organozinc compound as a chain transfer agent in the presence of a catalyst composition including a transition metal compound represented by Formula 1 below to form a polyolefin block:





[0064] In Formula 1 above,

R1 to R11 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylalkoxy group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylaryl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsilyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an arylalkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms,

Adjacent two or more among R1 to R11 may be bonded to form an aliphatic ring having 3 to 20 carbon atoms or an aromatic ring having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, and

X1 and X2 are each independently hydrogen, halogen, a hydroxyl group, an amino group, a thio group, a silyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylaryl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylalkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, a heteroaryl group having 5 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryloxy group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylamino group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylamino group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylthio group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylthio having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsilyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an arylsilyl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms.



[0065] When a polymerization reaction is performed in the presence of an excess of a chain transfer agent (e.g., (Et)2Zn) as compared with a catalyst, olefin polymer chains can be uniformly grown from dialkyl zinc by causing rapid alkyl exchange between zinc (Zn) and hafnium (Hf) to effect living polymerization, which is referred to as coordinative chain transfer polymerization (CCTP). Since conventional used metallocene catalysts have not been capable of living polymerization through a β-elimination process, a few catalysts known to be applicable to the CCTP have been only capable of single polymerization of ethylene, and it has been very difficult to perform copolymerization of ethylene and alpha-olefin through the CCTP, it has been very difficult to perform living polymerization through the CCTP using a general transition metal compound as a catalyst and prepare a block copolymer.

[0066] On the other hand, the hafnium compound represented by Formula 1 above is an [Namido, N, Caryl] HfMe2-type complex containing a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,10-phenanthroline backbone and a Hf-C(aryl) bond, which shows excellent alpha-olefin incorporation ability in the polymerization of ethylene and alpha-olefin, and in particular, the molecular weight of the olefin polymer or the content of the alpha-olefin varies depending on the content of the chain transfer agent, which indicates that the compound is successfully used in the CCTP and the β-removal reaction hardly occurred and seemed to be negligible. That is, the copolymerization of ethylene and an alpha-olefin monomer may be conducted by the CCTP using a hafnium compound represented by Formula 1 above to perform living polymerization, and the block copolymer having various block compositions may be successfully produced.

[0067] In addition, the CCTP using the hafnium compound may be converted into an anionic styrene polymerization reaction to synthesize a polyolefin-polystyrene block copolymer. As such, the hafnium compound may be usefully used as a catalyst for preparing an olefin polymer, which is a unique feature that may be achieved with a novel structure of the hafnium compound represented by Formula 1 above.

[0068] Particularly, in Formula 1 above, R1 to R11 above may be each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably, R1 to R10 may be hydrogen, and together R11 may be hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, and more preferably, R1 to R10 are hydrogen, and together R11 may be hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms.

[0069] Alternatively, in Formula 1 above, R1 to R11 above may be each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, wherein R3 and R4 may be bonded to form an aromatic ring (e.g., a benzene ring) having 5 to 20 carbon atoms, and preferably R3 and R4 may be bonded to form a benzene ring and together R11 may be an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms.

[0070] Alternatively, in Formula 1 above, R1, R2, and R5 to R10 above may be hydrogen, R3, R4, and R11 above may be each independently hydrogen, or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and R3 and R4 above may be bonded to form an aromatic ring (e.g., a benzene ring) having 5 to 20 carbon atoms.

[0071] Meanwhile, X1 and X2 above may be each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, and preferably, each independently an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and X1 and X2 above may be the same as each other.

[0072] As used herein, the term "alkyl" refers to a linear or branched hydrocarbon residue.

[0073] As used herein, the term "alkenyl" refers to a linear or branched alkenyl group.

[0074] As used herein, the term "aryl" is preferably an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, and particularly, may include, but is not limited to, phenyl, naphthyl, anthracenyl, pyridyl, dimethylanilinyl, anisolyl, and the like.

[0075] As used herein, the term "alkylaryl" refers to an aryl group substituted by the alkyl group.

[0076] As used herein, the term "arylalkyl" refers to an alkyl group substituted by the aryl group.

[0077] As used herein, the term "alkylsilyl" may be silyl substituted with alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, for example, may be trimethylsilyl or triethylsilyl.

[0078] As used herein, the term "alkylamino" refers to an amino group substituted by the alkyl group, and may include, but is not limited to, a dimethylamino group or a diethylamino group.

[0079] As used herein, the term "hydrocarbyl", unless otherwise stated, refers to a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, which is composed only of carbon and hydrogen regardless of the structure thereof, such as alkyl, aryl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, alkylaryl or arylalkyl.

[0080] More particularly, the hafnium compound represented by Formula 1 above may be a hafnium compound represented by Formula 1a or 1b below:









[0081] In Formulae 1a and 1b above,

R11 is hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylalkoxy group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylaryl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsilyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an arylalkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, and

X1 and X2 are each independently hydrogen, halogen, a hydroxyl group, an amino group, a thio group, a silyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylaryl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylalkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, a heteroaryl group having 5 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryloxy group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylamino group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylamino group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylthio group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylthio having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsilyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an arylsilyl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms.



[0082] The hafnium compound may be represented by any one among Formulae 1-1 to 1-5 below, but is not limited thereto, and all the hafnium compounds corresponding to Formula 1 are included in the present invention.





















[0083] The hafnium compound of the present invention may be prepared by including the step of reacting a compound represented by Formula 2 below and a compound represented by Formula 3 below:





        [Formula 3]     Hf (X1X2)2



[0084] In Formulae above,
R1 to R11, and X1 and X2 are the same as defined above.

[0085] Meanwhile, when preparing the hafnium compound represented by Formula 1 above, the step of preparing the ligand compound may be performed differently according to the final structure of the prepared hafnium compound, as follows.

[0086] For example, when R3 and R4 do not form a ring and R11 is a hydrogen atom in the ligand compound, the ligand compound may be prepared by hydrogenating under a ruthenium catalyst as follows, and then reacted with a compound represented by Formula 3, which is a hafnium precursor, to prepare a hafnium compound.





[0087] In addition, when R3 and R4 do not form a ring and R11 is a substituent other than a hydrogen atom in the structure of the ligand compound, R11 is first introduced using an organolithium compound and then hydrogenated under a ruthenium catalyst to prepare a ligand compound as shown in Reaction Formula 2 below:





[0088] In addition, when R3 and R4 are bounded to each other to form an aromatic ring having 5 to 20 carbon atoms and R11 is a substituent other than a hydrogen atom in the structure of the ligand compound, R11 may be first introduced using an organolithium compound, and then the ligand compound may be prepared by hydrogenation under a Pd/C catalyst in order to prevent the hydrogenation of the aromatic ring such as a naphthyl group, as follows:





[0089] That is, the hafnium compound may be prepared by preparing a ligand compound by alkylation and hydrogenation under appropriate reagents and reaction conditions for the compound that is a precursor of the ligand compound and introducing hafnium thereto, and specific types of the alkylation reagent, reaction temperature, and pressure may be appropriately changed by those skilled in the art in consideration of the structure of the final compound and experimental conditions.

[0090] In the present invention, the organozinc compound is a substance used as a chain transfer agent to allow chain transfer to be performed during production in the polymerization to produce a copolymer, and particularly, may be a compound represented by Formula 4 below:





[0091] In Formula 4 above,

A is alkylene having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, arylene having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or arylene having 6 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with halogen, alkyl having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and

B is arylene having 6 to 12 carbon atoms substituted with alkenyl having 2 to 12 carbon atoms.



[0092] In addition, A above may be alkylene having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, arylene having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, or arylene having 6 to 12 carbon atoms substituted with halogen, alkyl having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or aryl having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and
B above may be arylene having 6 to 12 carbon atoms substituted with alkenyl having 2 to 8 carbon atoms.

[0093] Formula 4 above may have a structure having double bonds at both ends thereof, for example, when B above is arylene substituted with alkenyl, the arylene may be connected to A above, and the double bond of the alkenyl substituted to the arylene may be located at the outermost portion in Formula 4 above.

[0094] When the organozinc compound is reacted with at least one type of olefin monomers in the presence of the catalyst composition, the polymerization may be effected while the olefin monomer is inserted between zinc (Zn) and the organic group (A) of the organozinc compound.

[0095] The organozinc compound may be mixed in an amount of 1 to 200 equivalents based on 1 equivalent of the transition metal compound of Formula 1 above, and particularly, may be mixed in an amount of 10 to 100 equivalents based on 1 equivalent of the transition metal compound of Formula 1 above.

[0096] The organozinc compound does not contain impurities such as THF and a large amount of magnesium salt, and thus can be provided in high purity, and therefore can be used as a chain transfer agent and is advantageous to be used in olefin polymerization.

[0097] The catalyst composition may further include a cocatalyst compound. In this case, the cocatalyst compound may serve to activate the transition metal compound represented by Formula 1, and any one known in the art may be used as a cocatalyst, for example, at least one selected from among Formulae 5 to 7 below may be used as the cocatalyst.

        [Formula 5]     -[Al(Ra)-O]m-

        [Formula 6]     D(Ra)3

        [Formula 7]     [L-H]+[Z(A)4]- or [L]+[Z(A)4]-



[0098] In Formulae above,

Ra is each independently a halogen radical, a hydrocarbyl radical having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or a hydrocarbyl radical having 1 to 20 carbon atoms substituted with halogen,

m is an integer of 2 or more,

D is aluminum or boron,

L is a neutral or cationic Lewis acid,

Z is a Group 13 element,

A is each independently aryl having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, in which at least one hydrogen atom may be substituted with a substituent, or alkyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and

The substituent of A above is halogen, hydrocarbyl having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, alkoxy having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or aryloxy having 6 to 20 carbon atoms.



[0099] The compound represented by Formula 5 above is not particularly limited as long as it is alkylaluminoxane. Preferred examples include methylaluminoxane, ethylaluminoxane, isobutylaluminoxane, butylaluminoxane, and the like, and particularly preferred compounds are methylaluminoxane.

[0100] The compound represented by Formula 6 above is not particularly limited, but preferred examples thereof include trimethylaluminum, triethylaluminum, triisobutylaluminum, tripropylaluminum, tributylaluminum, dimethylchloroaluminum, triisopropylaluminum, tri-s-butylaluminum, tricyclopentylaluminum, tripentylaluminum, triisopentylaluminum, trihexylaluminum, trioctylaluminum, ethyldimethylaluminum, methyldiethylaluminum, triphenylaluminum, tri-p-tolylaluminum, dimethylaluminum methoxide, dimethylaluminum ethoxide, trimethylboron, triethylboron, triisobutylboron, tripropylboron, tributylboron, and the like, and particularly preferred compounds are selected from among trimethylaluminum, triethylaluminum, and triisobutylaluminum.

[0101] For example, when Z is boron, examples of the compound represented by Formula 7 above may include, but are not limited to, dioctadecylmethylammonium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate [(C18H37)2N(H)Me]+[B(C6F5)4]-, dioctadecylmethylammonium tetrakis(phenyl)borate, dioctadecylmethylammonium tetrakis[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate tetrakis(phenyl)borate, triethylammonium tetraphenylborate, tributylammonium tetraphenylborate, trimethylammonium tetraphenylborate, tripropylammonium tetraphenylborate, trimethylammonium tetra(p-tolyl)borate, trimethylammonium tetra(o,p-dimethylphenyl)borate, tributylammonium tetra(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)borate, tributylammonium tetrapentafluorophenylborate, N,N-diethylanilidium tetraphetylborate, N,N-diethylanilidium tetraphenylborate, N,N-diethylanilidium tetrapentafluorophenylborate, diethylammonium tetrapentafluorophenylborate, triphenylphosphonium tetraphenylborate, trimethylphosphonium tetraphenylborate, trimethylammonium tetraphenylborate, tripropylammonium tetraphenylborate, trimethylammonium tetra(p-tolyl)borate, tripropylammonium tetra(p-tolyl)borate, triethylammonium tetra(o,p-dimethylphenyl)borate, trimethylammonium tetra(o,p-dimethylphenyl)borate, tributylammonium tetra(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)borate, trimethylammonium tetra(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)borate, tributylammonium tetrapentafluorophenylborate, N,N-diethylanilinium tetraphenylborate, N,N-diethylanilinium tetraphenylborate, N,N-diethylanilinium tetraphentafluorophenylborate, diethylammonium tetrapentafluorophenylborate, triphenylphosphonium tetraphenylborate, triphenylcarbonium tetra(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)borate, triphenylcarbonium tetrapentafluorophenylborate, or a combination thereof, and for example, when Z is aluminum, examples of the compound may include, but are not limited to, triethylammonium tetraphenylaluminum, tributylammonium tetraphenylaluminum, trimethylammonium tetraphenylaluminum, tripropylammonium tetraphenylaluminum, trimethylammonium tetra(p-tolyl)aluminum, tripropylammonium tetra(p-tolyl)aluminum, triethylammonium tetra(o,p-dimethylphenyl)aluminum, tributylammonium tetra(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)aluminum, trimethylammonium tetra(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)aluminum, tributylammonium tetrapentafluorophenylaluminum, N,N-diethylanilinium tetraphenylaluminum, N,N-diethylanilinium tetraphenylaluminum, N,N-diethylanilinium tetrapentafluorophenylaluminum, diethylammonium tetrapentatentraphenylaluminum, triphenylphosphonium tetraphenylaluminum, trimethylphosphonium tetraphenylaluminum, triethylammonium tetraphenylaluminum, tributylammonium tetraphenylaluminum, or a combination thereof.

[0102] In particular, the cocatalyst used herein may be a compound represented by Formula 7 above, and particularly dioctadecylmethylammonium dioctadecylmethyl ammonium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate.

[0103] In addition, the cocatalyst used herein may be prepared in an anhydrous hydrocarbon solvent. For example, the hydrocarbon solvent may be at least one selected from the group consisting of butane, pentane, neopentane, hexane, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, heptane, octane, benzene, toluene, xylene and ethylbenzene, but is not limited thereto, and any hydrocarbon solvent available in the art may be used in an anhydrous form.

[0104] In the present invention, when the cocatalyst is prepared in the presence of an anhydrous hydrocarbon solvent, at least one peak appears each in the range of 1.75 ppm to 1.90 ppm and in the range of 1.90 ppm to 2.00 ppm in the 1H NMR spectrum. This is because protons attached to α-carbon adjacent to nitrogen, sulfur, or phosphorus included in L show different peaks. For example, when the compound represented by Formula 1 is [(C18H37)2N(H)Me]+[B(C6F5)4]-, two protons present in NCH2 may each show different signals in the 1H NMR spectrum thereof.

[0105] In addition, the hafnium compound represented by Formula 1 above and the cocatalyst may be used as supported on a carrier. Silica or alumina may be used as the carrier, but is not limited thereto.

[0106] Examples of the olefin monomer that is input as a reactant in the step (S1) may include ethylene, propylene, 1-butene, 1-pentene, 4-methyl-1-pentene, 1-hexene, 1-heptene, 1-octene, 1-decene, 1-undecene, 1-dodecene, 1-tetradecene, 1-hexadecene, 1-eicosene, or a monomer formed of a mixture thereof. The olefin monomer may be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof.

[0107] The step (S1) may be performed, for example, in a homogeneous solution state. In this case, the hydrocarbon solvent may be used as a solvent or the olefin monomer itself may be used as a medium. Examples of the hydrocarbon solvent may include an aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, and particularly, isobutane, hexane, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, or the like. The solvent may be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof.

[0108] The polymerization temperature of the step (S1) may vary depending on the reaction material, reaction conditions, etc., but particularly the polymerization may be carried out at 70 °C to 170 °C, particularly, 80 °C to 150 °C, or 90 °C to 120 °C. Within this range, the catalyst may be thermally stable while increasing solubility of the polymer.

[0109] The polymerization of the step (S1) may be carried out in a batch, semi-continuous or continuous manner, or may be also carried out in two or more steps having different reaction conditions.

[0110] The compound prepared in the above-described step (S1) may serve as a precursor for producing the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of the present invention by the anionic polymerization reaction of the step (S2) described below.

Step (S2)



[0111] The step (S2) is a step of producing a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer by forming a polystyrene block via anionic polymerization of the polyolefin block and the styrene monomer in the presence of the alkyl lithium compound containing a silicon atom and the triamine compound, followed by the step (S1).

[0112] In the step (S2), a styrene monomer may be continuously inserted between zinc-carbon bonds of (polyolefin)2Zn contained in the compound formed in the above-described step (S1), and simultaneously, a styrene group at a terminal of the compound formed in the step (S1) may participate as a copolymerization site with the styrene monomer and be connected to a polystyrene chain. In addition, the end group of the multi-block copolymer produced through the process may react with water, oxygen, or an organic acid to be readily quenched, and thereby the multi-block copolymer is converted to a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer that is industrially useful.

[0113] The styrene monomer may be a styrene monomer having 6 to 20 carbon atoms. More particularly, the styrene monomer, such as styrene may include ethylene substituted with an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, ethylene substituted with a phenyl group, and the like.

[0114] The alkyl lithium compound containing a silicon atom may be a compound represented by Formula 8 below:

        [Formula 8]     (CH3)3Si(CH2)Li



[0115] Such alkyl lithium compound containing a silicon atom is readily available as a material widely used as an initiator for the anionic polymerization and therefore is easily utilized in the present invention.

[0116] The triamine compound may be a compound represented by Formula 9 below: [00198]



[0117] The triamine compound is readily available and inexpensive as a compound used for the purpose of improving reactivity of the alkyl lithium compound as a base or a nucleophile since the triamine compound is readily coordinated to lithium.

[0118] The present invention can maximize the generation of the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer, which is the object of the present invention, while suppressing the production amount of polystyrene homopolymer, polyolefin homopolymer, polyolefin-polystyrene double block copolymer by newly using the compound of Formulae 8 and 9 above (for example, Me3SiCH2Li·(PMDETA)) as an initiator of the step (S2) .

[0119] The alkyl lithium compound containing a silicon atom represented by Formula 8 above and the triamine compound represented by Formula 9 above may be mixed in an aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent and then added, or the alkyl lithium compound containing a silicon atom represented by Formula 8 above and the triamine compound represented by Formula 9 above may be sequentially added to a reactor.

[0120] The anionic polymerization temperature of the step (S2) may vary depending on the reaction material, reaction conditions, etc., and particularly, the polymerization may be carried out at 40 °C to 170 °C, 60 °C to 150 °C, or 90 °C to 100 °C.

[0121] The anionic polymerization of the step (S2) may be carried out in a batch, semi-continuous or continuous manner, or may be also carried out in two or more steps having different reaction conditions.

[0122] The anionic polymerization time of the step (S2) may vary depending on the reaction material, reaction conditions, etc., and particularly may be 0.5-10 hours, 1-8 hours, 2-7 hours, or 4-6 hours. Within this range, it is advantageous to convert a total amount of styrene monomers to be introduced into multi-block copolymers.

[0123] Thus, in the production method of the present invention, a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer is produced by a method of growing a polyolefin chain through olefin polymerization using the organozinc compound represented by Formula 4 and then continuously performing styrene anionic polymerization, thereby efficiently producing a polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer which has improved physical properties compared to the existing copolymer and is easily used in industrial application.

Examples



[0124] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail according to the examples. However, the following examples are intended to illustrate the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.

<Preparation of Transition Metal Compound>


Preparation Example 1


(i) Preparation of Ligand Compound



[0125] Isopropyl lithium (0.45 mL, 0.36 mmol, 0.79 M in pentane) was slowly added to 2-naphthyl-1,10-phenanthroline (0.789 g, 2.58 mmol) in toluene (8 mL) at -10 °C. After stirring at room temperature for 3 hours, degassed H2O (3 mL) was added thereto. The aqueous layer was removed with a syringe under N2. The solvent was removed using a vacuum line and the residue was dissolved in degassed ethanol (15 mL) and THF (5 mL). The solution was transferred to a bomb reactor containing Pd/C (0.242 mmol, 10 mol %) under N2. H2 gas was charged to 5 bar and then stirred at room temperature for 12 hours. The H2 gas was released and the catalyst residue was removed by filtration over celite. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography using ethyl acetate/hexane (1/3, v/v). A light yellow sticky solid was obtained (0.085 g, 73%). The 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra are shown in FIG. 1.

[0126] - 1H NMR (C6D6) : δ 8.58(d, J = 7.8 Hz, H), 7.75(d, J = 9.0 Hz, H), 7.70(d, J = 9.6 Hz, H), 7.66(d, J = 7.2 Hz, H), 7.63(d, J = 6.6 Hz, H), 7.32(m, 4H), 7.18(d, J = 8.4 Hz, H), 6.99(d, J = 7.8 Hz, H), 6.39(s, H, NH), 2.93(m, H), 2.79(m, H), 2.70(dt, J = 4.8 Hz, H), 1.70(m, H), 1.63(m, H), 1.47(m, H), 0.81(d, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H, CH(CH3)2), 0.76(d, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H, CH(CH3)2) ppm.

[0127] - 13C{1H} NMR(C6D6): δ 18.34, 18.77, 24.43, 26.78, 32.52, 56.73, 112.78, 116.67, 122.62, 125.59, 126.10, 126.51, 126.61, 126.86, 128.14, 128.69, 129.03, 129.28, 132.20, 134.71, 136.41, 137.64, 139.79, 141.75, 155.92 ppm.

[0128] - m/z calcd([M+] C25H24N2) 352.4800. Found: 352.1942.

(ii) Preparation of Transition Metal Compound



[0129] 





[0130] MeMgBr (1.24 mL, 3.11 M in diethyl ether) was added dropwise to a stirred suspension of HfCl4 (0.300 g, 0.938 mmol) in toluene (8 mL) at -78 °C. After stirring for 1 hour within the temperature range of -40 °C to -35 °C, the solution was cooled again to -78 °C. A solution (0.24 g, 0.94 mmol) of the ligand compound (0.366 g, 1.00 mmol) in toluene (4 mL) was added dropwise thereto. The resulting solution was stirred at a controlled temperature within the range of -40 °C to -35 °C for 2 hours, and then stirred at room temperature overnight. The solvent was removed using a vacuum line and the residue was extracted with toluene (50 mL). Dark brown powder was obtained by milling in hexane (0.226 g, 47%). The 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra are shown in FIG. 2.

[0131] - 1H NMR (C6D6) : δ 8.66(d, J = 7.8 Hz, H), 8.50 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, H), 7.92(d, J = 9.0 Hz, H), 7.83(d, J = 7.2 Hz, H), 7.76(d, J= 8.4 Hz, H), 7.62(d, J = 7.8 Hz, H), 7.40(td, J = 7.2 Hz, H), 7.32(m, H), 7.14(d, J = 7.8 Hz, H), 6.77(d, J = 7.2 Hz, H), 4.02(m, H), 2.80(m, H), 2.62(dt, J = 6.0 Hz, H), 2.55(m, H), 1.88(m, H), 1.72(m, H), 1.09 and 1.04(d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H, CH(CH3)2), 0.82(s, 3H, HfCH3) , 0.81(s, 3H, HfCH3) ppm.

[0132] - 13C{1H} NMR(C6D6): δ 18.55, 21.28, 23.07, 25.44, 32.58, 60.98, 63.06, 66.88, 112.37, 119.64, 120.21, 124.55, 125.48, 126.81, 126.97, 129.31, 129.97, 130.26, 131.25, 133.82, 135.51, 140.97, 141.44, 143.94, 150.14, 164.58, 209.13 ppm.

[0133] - Anal. Calcd. (C27H28HfN2) : C, 58.01; H, 5.05; N, 5.01%.

[0134] - Found: C, 57.91; H, 5.01; N, 5.11%.

<Preparation of Cocatalyst>



[0135] Excess K+[B(C6F5)4]- (0.633 g, 0.881 mmol, assuming pure) was reacted with a solution of [(C18H37)2N(H)Me]+[Cl]-(0.404 g, 0.705 mmol) in toluene (anhydrous, 10 mL) for 1 hour at room temperature in a glove box. After filtering over celite, the solvent was removed using a vacuum line. The residue was dissolved in methylcyclohexane (4 mL) and filtered again over celite. The solvent was removed to produce a yellow oily compound, which was used without further purification (0.797 g, 93%).

[0136] - 1H NMR(C6D6): δ 3.15(br, H, NH), 1.97(m, 2H, NCH2), 1.80(m, H, NCH2) , 1.51(d, J = 6.0 Hz, 3H, NCH3), 1.45-1.29 (m, 48H), 1.26(quintet, J = 7.2 Hz, 4H), 1.13(quintet, J = 7.2 Hz, 4H), 0.94(t, J = 7.8 Hz, 6H), 0.88(quintet, J = 7.8 Hz, 4H), 0.81(m, 4H) ppm.

[0137] - 19F NMR(C6D6): δ -132.09, -161.75, -165.98.

<Preparation of Organozinc Compound>



[0138] 



[0139] Borane dimethyl sulfide (1.6 mL, 3.2 mmol) was slowly added to triethylborane (0.6 g) under stirring and reacted for 90 minutes. The mixture was slowly added to divinylbenzene (3.8 g) dissolved in anhydrous diethyl ether (10 mL) cooled to -20 °C. The solvent was removed with a vacuum pump, and diethyl zinc (0.8 g) was added thereto. The reaction was carried out while the resulting triethylborane was removed by distillation under reduced pressure at 0 °C for 5 hours. Excessive amount of divinylbenzene and diethylzinc was removed by distillation under reduced pressure at 40 °C. After dissolving the product again by adding methylcyclohexane (150 mL), a solid compound produced as a byproduct was filtered and removed by using celite to produce an organozinc compound represented by Formula above.

<Preparation of Polyolefin-polystyrene Multi-block Copolymer>


Example 1



[0140] A Parr reactor (600 mL) was vacuum-dried at 120 °C for 2 hours. A solution of Oc3Al (349.0 mg, 238 µmol-Al) in methylcyclohexane (200 g) was added to the reactor. The mixture was stirred at 120 °C for 1 hour using a mantle and then the solution was removed using a cannula.

[0141] The reactor was filled with methylcyclohexane (200 g) containing OC3Al (349.0 mg, 238 µmol-Al/25 wt% in hexane) as a scavenger and with 1-hexene (34 g) as an olefin monomer, and then the temperature was set to 90 °C. A solution of the organozinc compound (639 µmol), as a chain transfer agent, in methylcyclohexane (1.58 g) was filled, and then a solution of methylcyclohexane (2.33 g) containing the transition metal compound (10.0 µmol-Hf) of Preparation Example 1 above activated with [(C18H37)2N(H)Me]+[B(C6F5)4]- (1.0 eq.) in methylcyclohexane was injected. The polymerization was carried out for 40 minutes while the valve of the ethylene tank was opened to maintain the pressure in the reactor at 20 bar. The temperature was controlled within the range of 90-120 °C and the remainder of ethylene gas was discharged.

[0142] When the temperature reached 90 °C, a solution of Me3SiCH2Li (PMDETA) prepared by mixing Me3SiCH2Li (64.6 mg, 0.686 mmol) and PMDETA (130.7 mg, 0.755 mmol) with methylcyclohexane (3.85 g) was added. While stirring, the temperature was maintained at 90 °C for 30 minutes, styrene (12 g) was injected, and the temperature was controlled in the range of 90-100 °C using a heating jacket.

[0143] The 1H NMR analysis of the aliquot confirmed that the styrene was completely converted and 2-ethylhexanoic acid and ethanol were continuously injected. The resulting polymer mass (29 g) was dried in a vacuum oven at 80 °C overnight.

Examples 2 to 6



[0144] Examples 2 to 6 were prepared in the same manner as in Example 1 above except that the reaction conditions were changed as shown in Table 1 below.

Comparative Example 1



[0145] As commercially available SEBS, G1652 from Kraton Inc. was used.

Comparative Example 2



[0146] As commercially available SEBS, H1051 from Asahi Kasei Corporation was used.

Comparative Example 3



[0147] Comparative Example 3 was prepared as follows by using the following compound as a transition metal compound:





[0148] A solution of trimethylaluminum (14.4 mg, 200 umol-Al) dissolved in methylcyclohexane (17 g) was injected into a high-pressure reactor. The catalyst poison in the high-pressure reactor was purged at 100 °C for 1 hour and the solution was removed using a cannula.

[0149] The organozinc compound (49.1 mg, 150 µmol) was dissolved in methylcyclohexane (40 g) and put into the high-pressure reactor, and the temperature was raised to 80 °C. A solution in which the transition metal compound (C18H37)N(Me)H+[B(C6F5)4]- (4.0 µmol) was stirred in benzene for 2 hours was diluted by mixing with a solution (1.0 g) in which tri-octyl aluminum (50 µmol, 18.3 mg) was dissolved in methylcyclohexane (15 g). Immediately after injecting the catalyst solution into the high-pressure reactor, the ethylene-propylene mixed gas was injected at a pressure of 20 bar. The temperature was controlled in the range of 95-115 °C. The pressure was slowly reduced with the consumption of monomers and after carrying out the polymerization process at 45 °C for 60 minutes, the remaining gas was released.

[0150] Me3SiCH2Li (150 µmol, 14.1 mg) and PMDETA (150 µmol, 26 mg) were mixed with methylcyclohexane (1.0 g), injected into the reactor, and stirred for 30 minutes. The stirring temperature was maintained at 90-100 °C. Styrene (7.8 g) was injected into the high-pressure reactor and reacted over 5 hours while maintaining the temperature between 90 °C and 100 °C to convert all of the styrene monomers. After complete conversion of the styrene monomers, acetic acid and ethanol were continuously injected. The polymer was obtained and then dried in a vacuum oven at 180 °C overnight.
[Table 1]
 CatalystFeeding amount of catalyst (µmol)Zn (µmol)Alpha-olefinStyrene (g)
TypeFeeding amount
Example 1 Formula 1-3 10.0 639 1-hexene 34g 12
Example 2 Formula 1-3 10.0 639 1-hexene 40g 12
Example 3 Formula 1-3 5.0 480 1-hexene 50g 15
Example 4 Formula 1-3 5.0 480 1-hexene 40g 16
Example 5 Formula 1-3 1.5 481 1-hexene 47g 16
Example 6 Formula 1-3 1.5 481 1-hexene 61g 18
Comparative Example 1 G1652
Comparative Example 2 H1051
Comparative Example 3 Comparati ve Formula 1 4.0 150 Propyle ne lObar 7.8

Experimental Example 1


(1) Storage modulus (E'), loss modulus (E''), and tanδ value



[0151] Measurement was performed by using a dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) instrument at a frequency of 1 Hz and a strain of 0.1%, while increasing the temperature from - 90 °C to 100 °C at 5 °C per minute.

[0152] A graph showing a storage modulus value over temperature is shown in FIG. 3, a graph showing a loss modulus value over temperature is shown in FIG. 4, and a graph showing a tanδ value over temperature is shown in FIG. 5.

(2) Height of tanδ peak



[0153] In the graph of FIG. 5, the y value when the tanδ value is the maximum was measured.

(3) Half-width of tanδ peak



[0154] A width (T2-T1) between T1 and T2 was calculated by setting each of temperatures having half the height of the tanδ peak to T1 and T2.
[Table 2]
 -20 °C23 °CHeigh t of tanδ peakHalf-width of tanδ peak
E' (MPa)E" (MPa)tanδE' (MPa)E" (MPa)tanδ
Exampl e 1 113.8 4 24.44 0.21 23.59 2.02 0.09 0.28 48.2
Exampl e 2 92.81 15.41 0.17 22.94 1.77 0.08 0.27 45.1
Exampl e 3 89.08 18.58 0.21 17.65 1.71 0.10 0.31 43.1
Exampl e 4 86.89 17.83 0.21 17.22 1.74 0.10 0.30 49.1
Exampl e 5 165.6 5 32.39 0.20 32.69 2.40 0.07 0.29 40.2
Exampl e 6 82.62 16.99 0.21 13.91 1.31 0.09 0.32 37.6
Compar ative Exampl e 1 38.44 5.35 0.14 9.66 0.40 0.04 0.30 31.3
Compar ative Exampl e 2 384.4 3 31.74 0.08 185.1 3 8.37 0.05 0.13 46.9
Compar ative Exampl e 3 93.12 15.72 0.17 22.42 2.20 0.10 0.27 50.2

Experimental Example 2


(1) Weight average molecular weight (Mw, g/mol) and molecular weight distribution (polydispersity index, PDI)



[0155] The weight average molecular weight (Mw, g/mol) and number average molecular weight (Mn, g/mol) were each measured using gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and the molecular weight distribution (polydispersity index, PDI) was calculated by dividing the weight average molecular weight with the number average molecular weight.
  • Column: PL Olexis
  • Solvent: TCB (trichlorobenzene)
  • Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min
  • Sample concentration: 1.0 mg/ml
  • Injection amount: 200 µL
  • Column temperature: 160 °C
  • Detector: Agilent High Temperature RI detector
  • Standard: Polystyrene
  • Calculation of molecular weight by universal calibration using Mark-Howink equation (K = 40.8 × 10-5, α = 0.7057)

(2) Impact Strength



[0156] 90 wt% of a polypropylene homopolymerizer and 10 wt% of the copolymer of Example or Comparative Example were mixed using a twin-screw extruder, and the mixture was prepared as specimens.

[0157] The impact strength (Notched Izod, J/m) was measured at each temperature of -30 °C and 25 °C, according to standard measurement ASTM D256.
[Table 3]
 GPCImpact strength (J/m) at - 30 °CImpact strength (J/m) at 25 °C
Mw (g/mol)PDI
Example 1 98,042 1.87 10 nb (no break)
Example 2 77,644 1.79 8 nb
Example 3 81,443 1.74 10 nb
Example 4 92,571 1.80 10 nb
Example 5 74,892 1.77 7 nb
Example 6 89,101 1.87 11 nb
Comparative Example 1 44,055 1.12 4 15
Comparative Example 2 42,178 1.17 4 13
Comparative Example 3 93,075 1.73 2 8


[0158] As shown in Table 3 above, it was confirmed that the copolymers of Examples satisfying the conditions defined in the present invention exhibited excellent impact strength at low temperatures and at room temperature compared to Comparative Examples.


Claims

1. A polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer satisfying conditions (a) and (b) below in the range of - 80 °C to 40 °C, in a graph which shows a variation of loss tangent (tanδ) (y-axis) over temperature (x-axis), and is obtained by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA):

(a) the height of tanδ peakis 0.20 to 0.35; and

(b) the half-width of tanδ peak is 32.0 °C to 50.0 °C.


 
2. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 1, wherein the tanδ peak in condition (a) above is shown as one peak in the range of -50 °C to -30 °C.
 
3. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 1, wherein the half-width of the tanδ peak in condition (b) above is in the range of 32.5 °C to 49.5 °C.
 
4. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 1, further satisfying conditions (c) and (d) below:

(c) the tanδ value at -10 °C to -30 °C is 0.10 to 0.30; and

(d) the tanδ value at 15 °C to 30 °C is 0.05 to 0.50.


 
5. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 4, wherein, at -10 °C to -30 °C, the storage modulus E' value thereof is 50 MPa to 200 MPa and the loss modulus E" value is 10 MPa to 100 MPa.
 
6. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 4, wherein, at 15 °C to 30 °C, the storage modulus E' value thereof is 10 MPa to 50 MPa and the loss modulus E" value is 1 MPa to 5 MPa.
 
7. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 1, wherein the weight average molecular weight thereof is 40,000 g/mol to 200,000 g/mol.
 
8. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 1, wherein the molecular weight distribution thereof is 1.0 to 3.0.
 
9. The polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer of claim 1, wherein the polyolefin-polystyrene multi-block copolymer is at least one selected from the group consisting of a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-propylene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-butene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-pentene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-hexene)-polystyrene block copolymer, a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-heptene)-polystyrene block copolymer, and a polystyrene-poly(ethylene-co-1-octene)-polystyrene block copolymer.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description