(19)
(11)EP 3 981 366 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.04.2022 Bulletin 2022/15

(21)Application number: 21164406.7

(22)Date of filing:  23.03.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61F 2/66(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61F 2002/6664; A61F 2/66
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 09.10.2020 CN 202011071231

(71)Applicant: Jilin University
Changchun, Jilin 130012 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • REN, Lei
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)
  • XUE, Yifeng
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)
  • WANG, Kunyang
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)
  • QIAN, Zhihui
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)
  • XIU, Haohua
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)
  • LIANG, Wei
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)
  • REN, Luquan
    Changchun City, Jilin Province (CN)

(74)Representative: Inchingalo, Simona 
Bugnion S.p.A. Viale Lancetti, 17
20158 Milano
20158 Milano (IT)

  


(54)PROSTHETIC FOOT


(57) Some embodiments of the present invention provides a prosthetic foot. The prosthetic foot has a gradient rigidity change of a three-dimensional curvature feature of an arch of a human body and belongs to a technical field of artificial prosthesis manufacturing. The prosthetic foot includes a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate, a heel carbon fiber curved plate and a connection assembly, a three-dimensional curved surface shape of the prosthetic foot is designed in combination with the three-dimensional curvature features of a longitudinal arch and a transverse arch of a human foot, and the prosthetic foot with gradient rigidity distribution is provided. Compared with a carbon fiber foot straight in a transverse direction, on one hand, weight of the prosthetic foot is reduced while overall rigidity of the prosthetic foot is improved, so as to achieve better supporting and propelling effects and lighter and more comfortable use experience; and on the other hand, the gradient rigidity change, with larger rigidity of a rear part, smaller rigidity of a front part, larger rigidity of inner partial toes and smaller rigidity of outer partial toes, of the prosthetic foot dynamically meets different requirements of different road conditions and different walking stages on the rigidity of different parts of the prosthetic foot, such that the response of the prosthetic foot to movement is more intelligent, timely and reliable.




Description

Cross-Reference to Related Applications



[0001] The present disclosure claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No.20101107123.3, filed on December 09, 2020 and entitled "Prosthetic Foot", the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

Technical Field



[0002] The present invention belongs to a technical field of artificial prosthesis manufacturing, and particularly relates to a prosthetic foot.

Background



[0003] With a rapid increase of modern social problems of disease, aging, traffic accidents, etc., a number of amputees have been increasing. Installation of a prosthesis is an effective engineering method to make up for a function loss caused by a missing limb, so worldwide attention has been paid to a research and development of prosthetic equipment and life support equipment for disabled people.

[0004] In recent years, carbon fiber-reinforced composite materials have been widely used in a field of prostheses because of their advantages of being lighter and more attractive. At present, a carbon fiber prosthetic foot is basically straight in a transverse direction and made by taking longitudinal arch features of a human foot as a reference, carbon fibers are mainly distributed in a length direction of a prosthetic foot, which ensures a strength of the prosthetic foot in the length direction, but makes a strength of the prosthetic foot weak in a transverse direction, and a market generally use thickened carbon fiber plates to solve a strength problem, which increases a weight and cost of the prosthetic foot and reduces a use effect and a comfort level of a prosthesis.

[0005] Researches show that a transverse arch of a human foot plays an important role in ensuring the overall stiffness of the human foot, which is a key factor in ensuring normal walking of a human body. Therefore, it is necessary to provide a novel prosthetic foot combining the longitudinal arch and transverse arch features of a human foot; on the one hand, the novel prosthetic foot can play a good role in weight bearing and supporting and propelling, so as to ensure rational strength and rational rigidity distribution of a bearing part of the prosthetic foot; and on the other hand, the prosthetic foot is light as much as possible, so as to improve a using effect and comfort level of a prosthesis.

Summary



[0006] As for defects of an existing prosthetic foot, the present invention provides a prosthetic foot. Three-dimensional curvature features of a longitudinal arch and a transverse arch of a human foot are combined into a design of a prosthetic carbon fiber foot, which changes a conventional design of the carbon fiber foot straight in a transverse direction, on one hand, weight of the prosthetic foot is reduced while overall rigidity of the prosthetic foot is improved, and on the other hand, the rigidity distribution of the foot is changed in a gradient manner due to different curvatures of different transverse positions of the prosthetic foot, which dynamically meets different requirements of different road conditions and different walking stages on the rigidity of different parts of the prosthetic foot.

[0007] Some embodiments of the present invention include a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a heel carbon fiber curved plate B, a connection assembly C, a first bolt set 1, a second bolt set 2 and a third bolt set 3, wherein a square cone joint 6 of the connection assembly C, an upper connection base 7 of the connection assembly C, a rear part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, an upper part of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a lower abutting plate 8 of the connection assembly C are sequentially arranged from top to bottom; a square table 6b of the square cone joint 6 in the connection assembly C is arranged in a square shallow recessed groove 7d of the upper connection base 7 and is fixedly connected by the first bolt set 1; a third left hole 7c of a first arc side wing 7b of the upper connection base 7 in the connection assembly C, a first left hole 4a of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a second left hole 5a of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a fourth left hole 8a of the lower abutting plate 8 in the connection assembly C are fixedly connected by the third bolt set 3; a third right hole 7g of a second arc side wing 7f of the upper connection base 7 in the connection assembly C, a first right hole 4b of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a second right hole 5b of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a fourth right hole 8b of the lower abutting plate 8 in the connection assembly C are fixedly connected by the second bolt set 2; and
a forefoot longitudinal curve G of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A and a heel longitudinal curve H of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B integrally form a longitudinal arch shape.

[0008] The forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A includes a rear arc portion 4c, a middle curved surface portion 4d, a left foretoe 4e, a right foretoe 4f, and the forefoot longitudinal curve G, wherein the first left hole 4a and the first right hole 4b are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion 4c; a shape of a transverse curved surface of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A is determined by a first cross-sectional curve D in a rear of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a second cross-sectional curve E in a middle of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A and a third cross-sectional curve F in a front of the curved plate, wherein
the first cross-sectional curve D is an arc curve, and has an arc radius r1 of 30-35 mm and a central angle θ1 of 50°-60°;
a mathematical expression of the second cross-sectional curve E is: y = -0.00009x3 + 0.015x2 + 0.02x + 31.5 ; and
a mathematical expression of the third cross-sectional curve F is: y = -0.000055x3 + 0.006x2 + 0.05x + 14.5 .

[0009] Shapes of the second cross-sectional curve E and the third cross-sectional curve F are drawn according to a basic shape of the transverse arch of the human body, and have a larger curvature of inner sides and a smaller curvature of outer sides; the rear arc portion 4c is an arc cylindrical surface which is controlled by the first cross-sectional curve D and has a thickness of 4-5 mm, and the first left hole 4a and the first right hole 4b are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion 4c; the middle curved surface portion 4d is a curved surface formed by the first cross-sectional curve D and the second cross-sectional curve E; an entire front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A is a curved surface formed by the second cross-sectional curve E and the third cross-sectional curve F, and a bottommost part thereof is an upward straight arc surface and is divided into the left foretoe 4e and the right foretoe 4f by a thin groove 41 in a middle of a front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A; a thickness from the middle curved surface portion 4d to top ends of the left foretoe 4e and the right foretoe 4f is uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness is identical to a thickness of the rear arc portion 4c, and a minimum thickness is 2.5 mm; and the forefoot longitudinal curve G includes a first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h, the first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30°, and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h is an arc, having an arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, and being located at a tail end of the front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve G, and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h are in smooth tangent connection.

[0010] The heel carbon fiber curved plate B includes an upper arc portion 5c, a middle transition portion 5d, a lower curved plate portion 5e and a heel longitudinal curve H, wherein the upper arc portion 5a is an arc plate with transversely distributed curvature and has a shape matched with a first cross-sectional curve D in the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A; two symmetrical through holes, that is, the second left hole 5a and the second right hole 5b, are provided in a left side and a right side of the upper arc portion 5c; a bottommost part of the lower curved plate portion 5e is an upward transverse straight arc surface; the upper arc portion 5c and the lower curved plate potion 5e are smoothly connected together by the middle transition portion 5d; a thickness of a curved plate of the upper arc portion 5c of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B is uniform and is 5-7 mm; and a thickness of the middle transition portion 5d and a thickness of the lower curved plate part 5e are uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness of each of the middle transition portion 5d and the lower curved plate part 5e is consistent with a thickness of the upper arc portion 5c, and a minimum thickness is 3 mm.

[0011] The heel longitudinal curve H includes a first heel longitudinal curve section 5f and a second heel longitudinal curve section 5g, wherein the first heel longitudinal curve section 5f includes an inclined straight line and an arc, wherein the arc has a radius r3, of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ3, of 130°-150°, and the first heel longitudinal curve section is located on an upper middle part of the heel longitudinal curve H, wherein the second heel longitudinal curve section 5g includes an inclined straight line and an arc, having an arc radius r4 of 60-70 mm and a central angle θ4 of 8°-12°, and is located on a lower part of the heel longitudinal curve H, and the first heel longitudinal curve section 5f and the second heel longitudinal curve section 5g are in smooth tangent connection by the straight line.

[0012] The connection assembly C includes the square cone joint 6, the upper connection base 7 and the lower abutting plate 8, wherein a lower part of the square cone joint 6 is the square table 6b, and a center of the square cone joint 6 is provided with a stepped hole 6a; the upper connection base 7 includes a middle platform 7a, and the first arc side wing 7b and the second arc side wing 7f which are symmetrically arranged left and right, wherein the middle platform 7a is a hollow triangular pyramid frustum horizontally disposed in a left-right direction, the square shallow recessed groove 7d and a middle hole 7e are provided in a top face of the middle platform 7a, the third left hole 7c is provided in the first arc side wing 7b, and the third right hole 7g is provided in the second arc side wing 7f; the fourth left hole 8a and the fourth right hole 8b are provided in the lower abutting plate 8; and the square cone joint 6, the upper connection base 7 and the lower abutting plate 8 are sequentially arranged from top to bottom.

[0013] Some embodiments of the present invention provide a prosthetic foot, including a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate, a heel carbon fiber curved plate, a connection assembly C, a first fastening assembly, a second fastening assembly, and a third fastening assembly; a square cone joint of the connection assembly is disposed in a square shallow recessed groove of an upper connection base and is connected by the first fastening assembly; a first arc side wing of the upper connection base in the connection assembly, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate, the heel carbon fiber curved plate and a lower abutting plate in the connection assembly are fixedly connected by the third fastening assembly; a second arc side wing of the upper connection base in the connection assembly, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate, the heel carbon fiber curved plate and the lower abutting plate in the connection assembly are fixedly connected by the second fastening assembly; and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate and the heel carbon fiber curved plate form a longitudinal arch shape, and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate forms a transverse arch shape.

[0014] In some embodiments, the first fastening assembly is a first bolt set, the second fastening assembly is a second bolt set, and the third fastening assembly is a third bolt set.

[0015] In some embodiments, the square cone joint of the connection assembly, the upper connection base of the connection assembly, the rear part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate, the upper part of the heel carbon fiber curved plate and the lower abutting plate of the connection assembly are sequentially arranged from top to bottom.

[0016] In some embodiments, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate has a forefoot longitudinal curve, and the heel carbon fiber curved plate has a heel longitudinal curve, and the forefoot longitudinal curve and the heel longitudinal curve form the longitudinal arch shape, and the forefoot longitudinal curve includes a first forefoot longitudinal curve section and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section, wherein the first forefoot longitudinal curve section is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30° relative to a horizontal plane, the second forefoot longitudinal curve section is an arc, and has a arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, the second forefoot longitudinal curve section is located at a tail end of a front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve, and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section are in smooth tangent connection.

[0017] In some embodiments, the transverse arch shape of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate includes a first cross-sectional curve in the rear of the curved plate, a second cross-sectional curve in the middle of the curved plate, and a third cross-sectional curve in the front of the curved plate; and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate includes a rear arc portion, a middle curved surface portion, a first front portion and a second front portion which are sequentially connected, wherein the first cross-sectional curve is arranged on a connection surface between the rear arc portion and the middle curved surface portion, the second cross-sectional curve is disposed on a connection surface between the middle curved surface portion and the first front portion, the third cross-sectional curve is disposed on a connection surface between the first front portion and the second front potion, and a left foretoe and a right foretoe are arranged on the first front potion and the second front potion.

[0018] In some embodiments, the first cross-sectional curve is an arc curve, and has an arc radius r1 of 30-35 mm and a central angle θ1 of 50°-60°; a mathematical expression of the second cross-sectional curve is: y = -0.00009x3 + 0.015x2 + 0.02x + 31.5 ; and a mathematical expression of the third cross-sectional curve is: y = -0.000055x3 + 0.006x2 + 0.05x + 14.5.

[0019] The present invention has the beneficial effects:
  1. 1. The conventional carbon fiber prosthetic foot straight in the transverse direction is changed, the shape of the transverse curved surface of the prosthetic foot is designed in combination with the three-dimensional curvature features of the longitudinal arch and the transverse arch of the human foot, and a transversely bent carbon fiber plate improves the overall rigidity of the prosthetic foot while reducing the thickness of the carbon fiber plate, so as to achieve better supporting and propelling effects and lighter and more comfortable use experience; and
  2. 2. according to the three-dimensional curvature change features of the longitudinal arch and the transverse arch of the human foot, a transverse curvature of the carbon fiber prosthetic foot is designed into gradient change, such that the rigidity distribution of the prosthetic foot is changed in a gradient manner, which better meet the human engineering. Generally, the rigidity distribution of the prosthetic foot is as follows: the rigidity of the rear part is larger, and the rigidity of the front part is smaller; and the rigidity of inner partial toes is larger, and the rigidity of outer partial toes is smaller. The present invention is simple in design structure, but can dynamically meet different requirements on the rigidity of a bearing part and a part, for transmitting ground reaction force, of the prosthetic foot under different road conditions and different movement states, such that the response of the prosthetic foot to the movement is more intelligent, timely and reliable.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0020] The accompanying drawings, forming a part of the present application, of the description serve to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and the illustrative embodiments of the present invention and the description of the illustrative embodiments serve to explain the present invention and are not to be construed as unduly limiting the present invention. In the drawings:

Fig. 1 illustrates an axonometric view (in a rear right direction) of a prosthetic foot with a gradient rigidity change and curvature features of a transverse arch of a human body.

Fig. 2 illustrates an axonometric view (in a front right direction) of the prosthetic foot with the gradient rigidity change and the curvature features of the transverse arch of the human body.

Fig. 3 illustrates an axonometric view (in a front right direction) of a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A.

Fig. 4 illustrates a structural schematic diagram (a front view) of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A.

Fig. 5 illustrates a cross-sectional view (in a front right direction) of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A.

Fig. 6 illustrates an axonometric view (in a rear right direction) of a heel carbon fiber curved plate B.

Fig. 7 illustrates a structural schematic diagram (a right view) of a forefoot longitudinal curve G and a heel longitudinal curve H.

Fig. 8 illustrates an axonometric view of a connection assembly C.

Fig. 9 illustrates an axonometric view of a square cone joint 6.

Fig. 10 illustrates an axonometric view of an upper connection base 7.

Fig. 11 illustrates an axonometric view of a lower abutting plate 8.

Fig. 12 illustrates an axonometric view of an arrangement relation among the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, the heel carbon fiber curved plate B, and the connection assembly C.



[0021] In the figures: A. forefoot carbon fiber curved plate B. heel carbon fiber curved plate C. connection assembly D. first cross-sectional curve E. second cross-sectional curve F. third cross-sectional curve G. forefoot longitudinal curve H. heel longitudinal curve 1. first bolt set 2. second bolt set 3. third bolt set 4a. first left hole 4b. first right hole 4c. rear arc portion 4d. middle curved surface portion 4e. left foretoe 4f. right foretoe 5a. second left hole 5b. second right hole 5c. upper arc portion 5d. middle transition portion 5e. lower curved plate portion 4g. first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h. second forefoot longitudinal curve section 5f. first heel longitudinal curve section 5g. second heel longitudinal curve section 6. square cone joint 6a. stepped hole 6b. square table 7. upper connection base 7a. middle platform 7b. first arc side wing 7c. third left hole 7d. square shallow recessed groove 7e. middle hole 7f. second arc side wing 7g. third right hole 8. lower abutting plate 8a. fourth left hole 8b. fourth right hole

Detailed Description of the Embodiments



[0022] It should be noted that the embodiments of the present application and the features of the embodiments may be combined with one another without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments.

[0023] The present invention will be described hereafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0024] As shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 12, the present invention includes a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a heel carbon fiber curved plate B, a connection assembly C, a first bolt set 1, a second bolt set 2 and a third bolt set 3, wherein a square cone joint 6 of the connection assembly C, an upper connection base 7 of the connection assembly C, a rear part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, an upper part of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a lower abutting plate 8 of the connection assembly C are sequentially arranged from top to bottom; a square table 6b of the square cone joint 6 in the connection assembly C is arranged in a square shallow recessed groove 7d of the upper connection base 7 and is fixedly connected by the first bolt set 1; a third left hole 7c of a first arc side wing 7b of the upper connection base 7 in the connection assembly C, a first left hole 4a of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a second left hole 5a of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a fourth left hole 8a of the lower abutting plate 8 in the connection assembly C are fixedly connected by the third bolt set 3; a third right hole 7g of a second arc side wing 7f of the upper connection base 7 in the connection assembly C, a first right hole 4b of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a second right hole 5b of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a fourth right hole 8b of the lower abutting plate 8 in the connection assembly C are fixedly connected by the second bolt set 2; and
a forefoot longitudinal curve G of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A and a heel longitudinal curve H of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B integrally form a longitudinal arch shape.

[0025] As shown in Figs. 3-5 and 7, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A includes a rear arc portion 4c, a middle curved surface portion 4d, a left foretoe 4e, a right foretoe 4f, and the forefoot longitudinal curve G, wherein the first left hole 4a and the first right hole 4b are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion 4c; a shape of a transverse curved surface of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A is determined by a first cross-sectional curve D in a rear of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a second cross-sectional curve E in a middle of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate and a third cross-sectional curve F in the front of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate, wherein the first cross-sectional curve D is an arc curve, and has an arc radius r1 of 30-35 mm and a central angle θ1 of 50°-60°;
a mathematical expression of the second cross-sectional curve E is: y = -0.00009x3 + 0.015x2 + 0.02x + 31.5 ;
and a mathematical expression of the third cross-sectional curve F is: y = -0.000055x3 + 0.006x2 + 0.05x + 14.5 .

[0026] Shapes of the second cross-sectional curve E and the third cross-sectional curve F are drawn according to a basic shape of the transverse arch of the human body, and have a larger curvature of inner sides and a smaller curvature of outer sides; the rear arc portion 4c is an arc cylindrical surface which is controlled by the first cross-sectional curve D and has a thickness of 4-5 mm, and the first left hole 4a and the first right hole 4b are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion 4c; the middle curved surface portion 4d is a curved surface formed by the first cross-sectional curve D and the second cross-sectional curve E;
an entire front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A is a curved surface formed by the second cross-sectional curve E and the third cross-sectional curve F, and a bottommost part thereof is an upward straight arc surface and is divided into the left foretoe 4e and the right foretoe 4f by a thin groove 4g in the middle of the front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A; a thickness from the middle curved surface portion 4d to the top ends of the left foretoe 4e and the right foretoe 4f is uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness is identical to a thickness of the rear arc portion 4c, and a minimum thickness is 2.5 mm; and the forefoot longitudinal curve G includes a first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h, the first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30°, and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h is an arc, having an arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, and is located at a tail end of the front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve G, and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h are in smooth tangent connection.

[0027] As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the heel carbon fiber curved plate B includes an upper arc portion 5c, a middle transition portion 5d, a lower curved plate portion 5e and a heel longitudinal curve H, wherein the upper arc portion 5a is an arc plate with transversely distributed curvature and has a shape matched with a first cross-sectional curve D in the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A; two symmetrical through holes, that is, the second left hole 5a and the second right hole 5b, are provided in a left side and a right side of the upper arc portion 5c; a bottommost part of the lower curved plate portion 5e is an upward transverse straight arc surface; the upper arc portion 5c and the lower curved plate potion 5e are smoothly connected together by the middle transition portion 5d; a thickness of a curved plate of the upper arc portion 5c of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B is uniform and is 5-7 mm; and a thickness of the middle transition portion 5d and a thickness of the lower curved plate part 5e are uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness of each of the middle transition portion 5d and the lower curved plate part 5e is consistent with a thickness of the upper arc portion 5c, and a minimum thickness is 3 mm.

[0028] The heel longitudinal curve H includes a first heel longitudinal curve section 5f and a second heel longitudinal curve section 5g, wherein the first heel longitudinal curve section 5f includes an inclined straight line and an arc, wherein the arc has a radius r3 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ3 of 130°-150°, and the first heel longitudinal curve section is located on an upper middle part of the heel longitudinal curve H, wherein the second heel longitudinal curve section 5g includes an inclined straight line and an arc, having an arc radius r4 of 60-70 mm and a central angle θ4 of 8°-12°, and is located on a lower part of the heel longitudinal curve H, and the first heel longitudinal curve section 5f and the second heel longitudinal curve section 5g are in smooth tangent connection by the straight line.

[0029] As shown in Figs. 8-11, the connection assembly C includes the square cone joint 6, the upper connection base 7 and the lower abutting plate 8, wherein a lower part of the square cone joint 6 is the square table 6b, and a center of the square cone joint 6 is provided with a stepped hole 6a; the upper connection base 7 includes a middle platform 7a, and the first arc side wing 7b and the second arc side wing 7f which are symmetrically arranged left and right, wherein the middle platform 7a is a hollow triangular pyramid frustum horizontally disposed in a left-right direction, the square shallow recessed groove 7d and a middle hole 7e are provided in a top face of the middle platform 7a, the third left hole 7c is provided in the first arc side wing 7b, and the third right hole 7g is provided in the second arc side wing 7f; the fourth left hole 8a and the fourth right hole 8b are provided in the lower abutting plate 8; and the square cone joint 6, the upper connection base 7 and the lower abutting plate 8 are sequentially arranged from top to bottom.

[0030] The present invention provides a prosthetic foot, including a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, a heel carbon fiber curved plate B, a connection assembly (C), a first fastening assembly, a second fastening assembly, and a third fastening assembly; a square cone joint 6 of the connection assembly C is disposed in a square shallow recessed groove 7d of an upper connection base 7 and is connected by the first fastening assembly; a first arc side wing 7b of the upper connection base 7 in the connection assembly C, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and a lower abutting plate 8 in the connection assembly C are fixedly connected by the third fastening assembly; a second arc side wing 7f of the upper connection base 7 in the connection assembly C, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and the lower abutting plate 8 in the connection assembly C are fixedly connected by the second fastening assembly; and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A and the heel carbon fiber curved plate B form a longitudinal arch shape, and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A forms a transverse arch shape.

[0031] The longitudinal arch shape refers to an arch-shaped structure which protrudes upwards in a length direction (that is, a front-back direction) of the human foot or the prosthetic foot and has a certain radian, and the transverse arch refers to an arch-shaped structure which protrudes upwards in a width direction (that is, an inner-outer direction) of the human foot or the prosthetic foot and has a certain radian.

[0032] In this embodiment, the first fastening assembly is a first bolt set 1, the second fastening assembly is a second bolt set 2, and the third fastening assembly is a third bolt set 3.

[0033] In the embodiment, the square cone joint 6 of the connection assembly C, the upper connection base 7 of the connection assembly C, a rear part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A, an upper part of the heel carbon fiber curved plate B and the lower abutting plate 8 of the connection assembly C are sequentially arranged from top to bottom.

[0034] In this embodiment, the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A has a forefoot longitudinal curve G, and the heel carbon fiber curved plate B has a heel longitudinal curve H, and the forefoot longitudinal curve g and the heel longitudinal curve H form the longitudinal arch shape, and the forefoot longitudinal curve G includes a first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h, wherein the first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30° relative to a horizontal plane, the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h is an arc,
and has a arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h is located at a tail end of a front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve G, and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section 4g and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section 4h are in smooth tangent connection.

[0035] In the embodiment, the transverse arch shape of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A includes a first cross-sectional curve D in the rear of the curved plate, a second cross-sectional curve E in the middle of the curved plate, and a third cross-sectional curve F in the front of the curved plate; and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate A includes a rear arc portion 4c, a middle curved surface portion 4d, a first front portion and a second front portion which are sequentially connected, wherein the first cross-sectional curve D is arranged on a connection surface between the rear arc portion 4c and the middle curved surface portion 4d, the second cross-sectional curve E is disposed on a connection surface between the middle curved surface portion 4d and the first front portion, the third cross-sectional curve F is disposed on a connection surface between the first front portion and the second front potion, and a left foretoe 4e and a right foretoe 4f are disposed on the first front potion and the second front potion.

[0036] In this embodiment, the first cross-sectional curve D is an arc curve, and has an arc radius r1 of 30-35 mm and a central angle θ1 of 50°-60°; a mathematical expression of the second cross-sectional curve E is: y = -0.00009x3 + 0.015x2 + 0.02x + 31.5 ; and a mathematical expression of the third cross-sectional curve F is: y = -0.000055x3 + 0.006x2 + 0.05x + 14.5.

[0037] The foregoing is merely the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, and the like within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of protection of the present invention.


Claims

1. A prosthetic foot, which has a gradient rigidity change of a three-dimensional curvature feature of an arch of a human body, wherein, the prosthetic foot comprises a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), a heel carbon fiber curved plate (B), a connection assembly (C), a first bolt set (1), a second bolt set (2) and a third bolt set (3); wherein a square cone joint (6) of the connection assembly (C), an upper connection base (7) of the connection assembly (C), a rear part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), an upper part of the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) and a lower abutting plate (8) of the connection assembly (C) are sequentially arranged from top to bottom; a square table (6b) of the square cone joint (6) in the connection assembly (C) is arranged in a square shallow recessed groove (7d) of the upper connection base (7) and is fixedly connected by the first bolt set (1); a third left hole (7c) of a first arc side wing (7b) of the upper connection base (7) in the connection assembly (C), a first left hole (4a) of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), a second left hole (5a) of the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) and a fourth left hole (8a) of the lower abutting plate (8) in the connection assembly (C) are fixedly connected by the third bolt set (3); a third right hole (7g) of a second arc side wing (7f) of the upper connection base (7) in the connection assembly (C), a first right hole (4b) of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), a second right hole (5b) of the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) and a fourth right hole (8b) of the lower abutting plate (8) in the connection assembly (C) are fixedly connected by the second bolt set (2); and a forefoot longitudinal curve (G) of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) and a heel longitudinal curve (H) of the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) integrally form a longitudinal arch shape.
 
2. The prosthetic foot according to claim 1, wherein the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) comprises a rear arc portion (4c), a middle curved surface portion (4d), a left foretoe (4e), a right foretoe (4f), and the forefoot longitudinal curve (G); wherein the first left hole (4a) and the first right hole (4b) are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion (4c); a shape of a transverse curved surface of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) is determined by a first cross-sectional curve (D) in a rear of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), a second cross-sectional curve (E) in a middle of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) and a third cross-sectional curve (F) in a front of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), the first cross-sectional curve (D) is an arc curve, and having an arc radius r1 of 30-35 mm and a central angle θ1 of 50°-60°;
a mathematical expression of the second cross-sectional curve (E) is: y = -0.00009x3 + 0.015x2 + 0.02x + 31.5 ;
a mathematical expression of the third cross-sectional curve (F) is: y = -0.000055x3 + 0.006x2 + 0.05x + 14.5 ;
shapes of the second cross-sectional curve (E) and the third cross-sectional curve (F) are drawn according to a basic shape of a transverse arch of the human body, and have a larger curvature of inner sides and a smaller curvature of outer sides; the rear arc portion (4c) is an arc cylindrical surface which is controlled by the first cross-sectional curve (D) and has a thickness of 4-5 mm; the first left hole (4a) and the first right hole (4b) are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion (4c); the middle curved surface portion (4d) is a curved surface formed by the first cross-sectional curve (D) and the second cross-sectional curve (E); an entire front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) is a curved surface formed by the second cross-sectional curve (E) and the third cross-sectional curve (F), and a bottommost part thereof is an upward straight arc surface and is divided into the left foretoe (4e) and the right foretoe (4f) by a thin groove (41) in a middle of a front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A); a thickness from the middle curved surface portion (4d) to top ends of the left foretoe (4e) and the right foretoe (4f) is uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness is identical to a thickness of the rear arc portion (4c), and a minimum thickness is 2.5 mm; and the forefoot longitudinal curve (G) comprises a first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h), the first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30°, and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) is an arc, having an arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and
a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, and is located at a tail end of the front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve (G), and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) are in smooth tangent connection.
 
3. The prosthetic foot according to claim 1, wherein the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) comprises an upper arc portion (5c), a middle transition portion (5d), a lower curved plate portion (5e) and a heel longitudinal curve (H), wherein the upper arc portion (5a) is an arc plate with transversely distributed curvature and has a shape matched with a first cross-sectional curve (D) in the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A); two symmetrical through holes, that is, the second left hole (5a) and the second right hole (5b), are provided in a left side and a right side of the upper arc portion (5c); a bottommost part of the lower curved plate portion (5e) is an upward transverse straight arc surface; the upper arc portion (5c) and the lower curved plate potion (5e) are smoothly connected together by the middle transition portion (5d); a thickness of a curved plate of the upper arc portion (5c) of the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) is uniform and is 5-7 mm; a thickness of the middle transition portion (5d) and a thickness of the lower curved plate part (5e) are uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness of each of the middle transition portion (5d) and the lower curved plate part (5e) is consistent with a thickness of the upper arc portion (5c), and a minimum thickness is 3 mm; and the heel longitudinal curve (H) comprises a first heel longitudinal curve section (5f) and a second heel longitudinal curve section (5g), wherein the first heel longitudinal curve section (5f) comprises an inclined straight line and an arc, has an arc radius r3 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ3 of 130°-150°, and is located on an upper middle part of the heel longitudinal curve (H), wherein the second heel longitudinal curve section (5g) comprises an inclined straight line and an arc, having an arc radius r4 of 60-70 mm and a central angle θ4 of 8°-12°, and is located on a lower part of the heel longitudinal curve (H), and the first heel longitudinal curve section (5f) and the second heel longitudinal curve section (5g) are in smooth tangent connection by the straight line.
 
4. The prosthetic foot according to claim 1, wherein the connection assembly (C) comprises the square cone joint (6), the upper connection base (7) and the lower abutting plate (8), wherein a lower part of the square cone joint (6) is the square table (6b), and a center of the square cone joint (6) is provided with a stepped hole (6a); the upper connection base (7) comprises a middle platform (7a), and the first arc side wing (7b) and the second arc side wing (7f) which are symmetrically arranged left and right, wherein the middle platform (7a) is a hollow triangular pyramid frustum horizontally disposed in a left-right direction, the square shallow recessed groove (7d) and a middle hole (7e) are provided in a top face of the middle platform (7a), the third left hole (7c) is provided in the first arc side wing (7b), and the third right hole (7g) is provided in the second arc side wing (7f); the fourth left hole (8a) and the fourth right hole (8b) are provided in the lower abutting plate (8); and the square cone joint (6), the upper connection base (7) and the lower abutting plate (8) are sequentially arranged from top to bottom.
 
5. A prosthetic foot, comprising a forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), a heel carbon fiber curved plate (B), a connection assembly (C), a first fastening assembly, a second fastening assembly, and a third fastening assembly; a square cone joint (6) of the connection assembly (C) is disposed in a square shallow recessed groove (7d) of an upper connection base (7) and is connected by the first fastening assembly; a first arc side wing (7b) of the upper connection base (7) in the connection assembly (C), the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) and a lower abutting plate (8) in the connection assembly (C) are fixedly connected by the third fastening assembly; a second arc side wing (7f) of the upper connection base (7) in the connection assembly (C), the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) and the lower abutting plate (8) in the connection assembly (C) are fixedly connected by the second fastening assembly; and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) and the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) form a longitudinal arch shape, and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) forms a transverse arch shape.
 
6. The prosthetic foot according to claim 5, wherein the first fastening assembly is a first bolt set (1), the second fastening assembly is a second bolt set (2), and the third fastening assembly is a third bolt set (3).
 
7. The prosthetic foot according to claim 5, wherein the square cone joint (6) of the connection assembly (C), the upper connection base (7) of the connection assembly (C), the rear part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A), the upper part of the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) and the lower abutting plate (8) of the connection assembly (C) are sequentially arranged from top to bottom.
 
8. The prosthetic foot according to claim 5, wherein the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) has a forefoot longitudinal curve (G), and the heel carbon fiber curved plate (B) has a heel longitudinal curve (H), wherein the forefoot longitudinal curve (G) and the heel longitudinal curve (H) form the longitudinal arch shape, and the forefoot longitudinal curve (G) comprises a first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h), wherein the first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30° relative to a horizontal plane, the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) is an arc and has an arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) is located at a tail end of a front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve (G), and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) are in smooth tangent connection.
 
9. The prosthetic foot according to claim 5, wherein the transverse arch shape of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) comprises a first cross-sectional curve (D) in the rear of the curved plate, a second cross-sectional curve (E) in the middle of the curved plate, and a third cross-sectional curve (F) in the front of the curved plate; and the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) comprises a rear arc portion (4c), a middle curved surface portion (4d), a first front portion and a second front portion which are sequentially connected, wherein the first cross-sectional curve (D) is arranged on a connection surface between the rear arc portion (4c) and the middle curved surface portion (4d), the second cross-sectional curve (E) is disposed on a connection surface between the middle curved surface portion (4d) and the first front portion, the third cross-sectional curve (F) is disposed on a connection surface between the first front portion and the second front potion, and a left foretoe (4e) and a right foretoe (4f) are disposed on the first front potion and the second front potion.
 
10. The prosthetic foot according to claim 9, wherein
the first cross-sectional curve (D) is an arc curve, and has an arc radius r1 of 30-35 mm and a central angle θ1 of 50°-60°;
a mathematical expression of the second cross-sectional curve (E) is: y = -0.00009x3 + 0.015x2 + 0.02x + 31.5 ; and
a mathematical expression of the third cross-sectional curve (F) is: y = -0.000055x3 + 0.006x2 + 0.05x + 14.5 .
 
11. The prosthetic foot according to claim 10, wherein
shapes of the second cross-sectional curve (E) and the third cross-sectional curve (F) are drawn according to a basic shape of a transverse arch of the human body, and have a larger curvature of inner sides and a smaller curvature of outer sides.
 
12. The prosthetic foot according to claim 10, wherein
the rear arc portion (4c) is an arc cylindrical surface which is controlled by the first cross-sectional curve (D) and has a thickness of 4-5 mm; the first left hole (4a) and the first right hole (4b) are provided in a rear part of the rear arc portion (4c).
 
13. The prosthetic foot according to claim 10, wherein
the middle curved surface portion (4d) is a curved surface formed by the first cross-sectional curve (D) and the second cross-sectional curve (E).
 
14. The prosthetic foot according to claim 10, wherein
an entire front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A) is a curved surface formed by the second cross-sectional curve (E) and the third cross-sectional curve (F), and a bottommost part thereof is an upward straight arc surface and is divided into the left foretoe (4e) and the right foretoe (4f) by a thin groove (41) in a middle of a front part of the forefoot carbon fiber curved plate (A);
a thickness from the middle curved surface portion (4d) to top ends of the left foretoe (4e) and the right foretoe (4f) is uniformly changed, from large to small, from back to front, a maximum thickness is identical to a thickness of the rear arc portion (4c), and a minimum thickness is 2.5 mm.
 
15. The prosthetic foot according to claim 10, wherein
the forefoot longitudinal curve (G) comprises a first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) and a second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h), the first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) is a straight line section with an inclination angle of 23°-30°, and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) is an arc, having an arc radius r2 of 70-80 mm and a central angle θ2 of 50°-60°, and being located at a tail end of the front part of the forefoot longitudinal curve (G), and the first forefoot longitudinal curve section (4g) and the second forefoot longitudinal curve section (4h) are in smooth tangent connection.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description