(19)
(11)EP 4 026 431 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/28

(21)Application number: 22152613.0

(22)Date of filing:  29.04.2005
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A23K 20/20(2016.01)
A61K 33/04(2006.01)
A61K 33/26(2006.01)
A61K 33/32(2006.01)
A61P 3/02(2006.01)
C05G 5/23(2020.01)
A23K 50/10(2016.01)
A61K 33/24(2019.01)
A61K 33/30(2006.01)
A61K 33/34(2006.01)
C05D 9/02(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61K 33/04; A61K 33/24; A61K 33/26; A61K 33/30; A61K 33/32; A61K 33/34; C05D 9/02; A23K 20/30; A23K 50/10; C05G 5/23; A61P 3/02
 
C-Sets:
  1. A61K 33/32, A61K 2300/00;
  2. A61K 33/34, A61K 2300/00;
  3. A61K 33/04, A61K 2300/00;
  4. A61K 33/24, A61K 2300/00;
  5. A61K 33/26, A61K 2300/00;
  6. A61K 33/30, A61K 2300/00;

(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 03.05.2004 ZA 200403320

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
16172211.1 / 3078274
05731763.8 / 1742647

(71)Applicant: Warburton Technology Limited
Dublin 2 (IE)

(72)Inventors:
  • LAURIE, Robert Naylor
    7130 Somerset West (ZA)
  • SMITH, William Alfred
    Dublin, 2 (IE)

(74)Representative: Tetzner, Michael 
Tetzner & Partner mbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte
Van-Gogh-Strasse 3 81479 München
Van-Gogh-Strasse 3 81479 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 21-01-2022 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)INJECTABLE TRACE ELEMENT SOLUTION FOR LIVESTOCK


(57) The invention discloses an injectable trace element solution for livestock, which includes at least selenium, copper, zinc, manganese, in which at least one of the metals selected from the group comprising copper, zinc and manganese is provided in the form of an EDTA complex and which comprises a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.


Description

FIELD OF INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to an injectable trace element solution for livestock.

BACKGROUND TO INVENTION



[0002] Most feeds and feeding systems for farm animals around the world are subject to a sub-optimal status or even a deficiency of essential trace elements. There is a need to optimise trace mineral status in animals in order to optimise production and reproduction efficiency. Various strategies and products have been developed to provide the required trace elements to such animals. Different chemical compounds and complexes have been investigated for supplementing the trace elements by way of licks, drenches or injections.

[0003] In general the problem with injectable solutions is that concentration of the minerals in the solutions is too low. This results in relatively large quantities having to be injected, which in turn causes tissue damage and the danger of abscesses at the site of injection. Furthermore, it is seldom the case that individual trace elements are deficient. Normally two or more trace elements are concurrently deficient. Most injectable trace element supplements contain only one trace element and this could result in multiple injections.

[0004] ZA 1982/6778 (Laurie) discloses a trace element solution and a method of providing the trace elements to livestock. These trace element solution include ethylene diamino tetra acetic acid complex of the required mineral in suitable quantities. However, the trace element solution includes no selenium or selenite compound.

[0005] In the description, the specification and claims hereinafter the expression EDTA refers to ethylene diaminotetraacetic acid (C10H16O8N2 or (HO2CH2C)2NCH2CH2N-(CH2CO2H)2).

[0006] US 4,335,116 (Howard) discloses mineral-containing therapeutic compositions containing EDTA complexes of trace elements. Notably, US 4,335,116 utilises tetrasodium EDTA, a selenium glycine complex, and metal chlorides for the preparation of the EDTA complexes. This method has the following drawbacks:
  1. (a) The chloride ions cause contamination;
  2. (b) Each complex solution is to be made individually;
  3. (c) Overnight time is required for complexing;
  4. (d) Heating up afterward to speed up the process, requires extra apparatus;
  5. (e) If mixtures are required, the individual solutions are blended;
  6. (f) If various concentrations as well as compositions are to be made, it can only be done in a cumbersome way, requiring extra apparatus;
  7. (g) A further problem arises when mixtures of high concentration are needed.


[0007] In certain cases it would be impossible to deliver them, because mixing is always accompanied by dilution.

[0008] US 6,638,539 (Laurie et al) discloses a method of preparing a trace element solution, which includes the steps of providing at least one EDTA-complex, of providing a sodium selenite solution, and of combining the EDTA-complexes and the sodium selenite solution. However, the method enables production of a trace element solution of only about 55 mg/ml.

[0009] It is an object of the invention to suggest methods and means for overcoming these problems.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION



[0010] According to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least two metals selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium and which comprises a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0011] Also according to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, manganese, iron and chromium, and which comprises 35-50 mg/ml of zinc and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0012] Yet further according to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, iron and chromium, and which comprises 7,5-15 mg/ml manganese and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0013] Yet further to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising manganese, copper, zinc, iron and chromium, and which comprises 2,5-10 mg/ml selenium and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0014] Yet further to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium, and which comprises 5-20 mg/ml copper and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0015] Yet further to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, zinc, manganese, iron and copper, and which comprises 5-10 mg/ml chromium and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0016] Yet further to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, zinc, manganese, copper and chromium, and which comprises 5-50 mg/ml iron and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.

[0017] At least one of the metals selected from the group comprising copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium may be provided in the form of an EDTA complex.

[0018] The solution may include selenium in the form of a selenite and/or a selenate.

[0019] The solution may include iodine.

[0020] The iodine may be provided in the form of potassium iodide and/or sodium iodide.

[0021] The concentration of iodine may be between 20 to 400 mg/ml.

[0022] The EDTA complex may be obtained by means of at least one compound selected from the group comprising sodium EDTA and potassium EDTA.

[0023] The solution may include chloro-cresol as preservative.

[0024] The solution may be prepared in a continuous batch process.

[0025] The solution may be an injectable solution.

[0026] The solution may be a drenchable solution.

[0027] The solution may be provided in the form of a stock-lick.

[0028] Yet further according to the invention, a trace element solution, which includes at least one compound selected from the group comprising iodine, potassium iodine and sodium iodine and which includes a concentration of the compound(s) of at least 20 mg/ml.

[0029] The solution may include chromium.

[0030] The chromium may be provided in the form of CrCl3.6H2O.

[0031] The solution may include iodine.

[0032] The iodine may be provided in the form of potassium iodide and/or sodium iodide.

[0033] The concentration of iodine may be between 20 to 400 mg/ml.

[0034] Yet further according to the invention, a method of preparing a trace element solution, which includes at least two metals selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium and which comprises a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml, said method including the steps of
  1. (a) providing at least one metal salt of at least one metal selected from the group comprising copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium in a container; and
  2. (b) providing in the container at least one compound selected from the group comprising potassium EDTA, sodium EDTA and a sodium hydroxide EDTA mixture to obtain the trace element solution


[0035] The method may include the step of adding selenium to the container.

[0036] The selenium may be provided in the form of selenite and/or selenate.

[0037] The method may include the step of adding CrCl3.6H2O to the trace element solution.

[0038] The method may include the step of adjusting the pH of the trace element solution to 6,7 to 7,0.

[0039] The method may include the step of adjusting the pH of the trace element solution by adding at least one compound selected from the group comprising NaOH and EDTA.

[0040] The method may include the step of adding water to the container.

[0041] The initial temperature of the solution in which the metal salt(s) are to be chelated may be at least 60 degrees Celsius.

[0042] The method may include the step of adding water having a temperature of at least 70 degrees Celsius to the container.

[0043] At least one of the metal salt(s) may be selected from the group comprising ZnO, CuCO3, Na2CO3, MnSO4, FeCl3 and MnCO3.

[0044] The addition of the EDTA/NaOH mixture may occur gradually with small quantities.

[0045] The method may include the step of cooling the trace element solution prior to addition of the selenium.

[0046] The MnCO3 mixture may be prepared by mixing MnSO4 and Na2CO3.

[0047] Yet further according to the invention a stock lick, which includes a trace element solution as prepared by a method as described herein.

[0048] Yet further according to the invention a method of providing trace elements to animals, such as livestock, which includes the steps of preparing a trace element solution as described herein, and of providing the solution in a suitable quantity to an animal.

DESCRIPTION OF EXAMPLES



[0049] The invention will now be described by way of example of injectable solutions in accordance with the invention.

EXAMPLE 1



[0050] Example 1 relates to a method to prepare a trace element solution predominantly to be used for cattle and includes the mineral elements Selenium, Copper and Chromium.

[0051] The method enables preparation of 25 litres of the solution containing 40 mg Zn, 10 mg Mn, 5 mg Se, 15 mg Cu and 5 mg Cr per ml.

A. Preparing MnCO3



[0052] In a suitable container/drum, the MnCO3 mud is prepared by adding solutions of 900 g MnSO4 and 1150 g Na2CO3 together. The resultant mixture is decanted and washed three times.

B. Continuous Batch Process



[0053] To the MnCO3 mud, hot water (70°C) is added to a volume of at least 15 litres. Critical is the temperature at the start of the batch process which should be at least 60°C.

B.1 Preparing MnEDTA



[0054] 2000 g EDTA and 500 g NaOH are weighed; the EDTA and NaOH are mixed; the EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, in small quantities to prevent excessive frothing, until the reaction is complete (leaving a clear pinkish solution).

B.2 Preparing ZnEDTA (2 steps)


Step 1:



[0055] 2600 g EDTA, 690 g NaOH and 700 g ZnO are weighed, the EDTA and NaOH are mixed and ZnO is kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum in small quantities to prevent boiling over, followed by addition of the ZnO. The reaction is allowed to complete (again leaving a clear pink solution). The temperature at this stage could reach 103°C.

Step 2:



[0056] 2600 g EDTA, 690 g NaOH and 700 g ZnO are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the ZnO kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum in small quantities to prevent boiling over, where after the ZnO is added. The reaction is allowed to complete (again leaving a clear pink solution). The temperature at this stage could reach 103°C.

B.3 Preparing CuEDTA



[0057] 1760 g EDTA, 462 g NaOH and 693 g basic CuCO3 are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the CuCO3 kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, followed by careful addition of the CuCO3, to prevent excessive frothing, and the reaction is allowed to complete (leaving a clear blue solution).

[0058] B.4 25 g chlorocresol is added and stirred till dissolved.

B.5 23 litres is made up



[0059] B.6 The mixture is allowed to cool to room temperature.

C. Final phase



[0060] 

C.1 303 g Na2SeO3 is added.

C.2 The pH is adjusted to 6,7 by adding NaOH (40% solution) or EDTA.

C.3 738 g EDTA, 192 g NaOH and 641 g CrCl3.6H2O are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and added to the drum. The CrCl3.6H2O is added, whereby the reaction is slow.

C.4 The volume is made up to 25 litres.


EXAMPLE 2



[0061] Example 2 relates to a method to prepare a trace element solution predominantly to be used for sheep and includes the mineral elements Selenium and Copper.

[0062] The method enables preparation of 100 litres of the solution containing 40 mg Zn, 10 mg Mn, 3 mg Se and 10 mg Cu per ml.

A. Preparing MnCO3



[0063] In a suitable container/drum, the MnCO3 mud is prepared by adding solutions of 3600 g MnSO4 and 4600 g Na2CO3 together. The mixture is decanted and wash three times.

B. Continuous Batch Process



[0064] To the MnCO3 mud, is added hot water (70°C) to a volume of at least 60 litres. The temperature at the start of the batch process is critical and should be at least 60°C.

B.1 Preparing MnEDTA



[0065] 8000 g EDTA and 2000 g NaOH are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, in small quantities to prevent excessive frothing, until the reaction is complete (leaving a clear pinkish solution).

B.2 Preparing ZnEDTA (2 steps)


Step 1:



[0066] 10400 g EDTA, 2760 g NaOH and 2800 g ZnO are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the ZnO kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum in small quantities to prevent boiling over, followed by addition of the ZnO. The reaction is allowed to complete (again leaving a clear pink solution). The temperature at this stage could reach 103°C.

Step 2:



[0067] 10400 g EDTA, 2760 g NaOH and 2800 g ZnO are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the ZnO kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum in small quantities to prevent boiling over, followed by addition of the ZnO. The reaction is allowed to complete (again leaving a clear pink solution). The temperature at this stage could reach 103°C.

B.3 Preparing CuEDTA



[0068] 4646 g EDTA, 1220 g NaOH and 1835 g basic CuCO3 are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the CuCO3 kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, followed by careful addition of the CuCO3, to prevent excessive frothing, and the reaction is allowed to complete (leaving a clear blue solution).

[0069] B.4 100 g chlorocresol is added and the mixture stirred until dissolved.

B.5 The volume is made up to 96 litres



[0070] B.6 The mixture is cooled to room temperature.

C. Final phase



[0071] 

C.1 728 g Na2SeO3 is added.

C.2 The pH is adjusted to 6,7 by adding NaOH (40% solution) or EDTA.

C.3 The volume is made up to 100 litres.


EXAMPLE 3



[0072] Example 3 relates to a method to prepare a trace element solution predominantly to be used for cattle and includes the mineral elements Selenium and Copper.

[0073] The method enables preparation of 100 litres of the solution containing 40 mg Zn, 10 mg Mn, 5 mg Se and 15 mg Cu per ml.

A. Preparing MnCO3



[0074] In a suitable container/drum, the MnCO3 mud is prepared by adding solutions of 3600 g MnSO4 and 4600 g Na2CO3 together. The mixture is decanted and wash three times.

B. Continuous Batch Process



[0075] To the MnCO3 mud, hot water (70°C) is added to a volume of at least 60 litres. The temperature at the start of the batch process is critical and should be at least 60°C.

B.1 Preparing MnEDTA



[0076] 7840 g EDTA and 1960 g NaOH are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are weighed. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, in small quantities to prevent excessive frothing, until the reaction is complete (leaving a clear pinkish solution).

B.2 Preparing ZnEDTA (2 steps)


Step 1:



[0077] 10400 g EDTA, 2760 g NaOH and 2800 g ZnO are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the ZnO kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, in small quantities to prevent boiling over, followed by addition of the ZnO. The reaction is allowed to complete (again leaving a clear pink solution). The temperature at this stage could reach 103°C.

Step 2:



[0078] 10400 g EDTA, 2760 g NaOH and 2800 g ZnO are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the ZnO kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, in small quantities to prevent boiling over, followed by addition of the ZnO. The reaction is allowed to complete (again leaving a clear pink solution). The temperature at this stage could reach 103°C.

B.3 Preparing CuEDTA



[0079] 7040 g EDTA, 1848 g NaOH and 2780 g basic CuCO3 are weighed. The EDTA and NaOH are mixed and the CuCO3 kept separate. The EDTA/NaOH mixture is added to the drum, followed by careful addition of the CuCO3, to prevent excessive frothing, and the reaction is allowed to complete (leaving a clear blue solution).

B.4 100 g chlorocresol is added and the mixture stirred till dissolved.


B.5 The mixture is made up to 96 litres


B.6 The mixture is allowed to cool to room temperature.


C. Final phase



[0080] 

C.1 1212 g Na2SeO3 is added.

C.2 The pH is adjusted to 7,0 by adding NaOH (40% solution) or EDTA.

C.3 The volume is made up to 100 litres.


GENERAL



[0081] The invention therefore provides a trace element solution which is tissue friendly, i.e. is not damaging or irritant to the tissue of animals and which comprises selenium, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium and at a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml. The trace elements in solution are in a scientifically formulated ratio according to the post-absorption requirements of the animals calculated according to provided As an example the trace element solution comprises
  1. (a) 35-50 mg/ml of zinc;
  2. (b) 10-15 mg/ml manganese;
  3. (c) 5-10 mg/ml selenium;
  4. (d) 5-20 mg/ml copper;
  5. (e) 5-10 mg/ml chromium;
  6. (f) 5-50 mg/ml iron; and
  7. (g) 20-400 mg/ml iodine.


[0082] The iodine is provided in the form of potassium iodide or sodium iodide and the iron is provided in the form of iron chloride.

[0083] The method of preparing a trace element solution in accordance with the invention thus enables the production of a solution comprising an adequate trace mineral concentration so that a 5 to 10 milliliter subcutaneous injection can make a significant impact on the trace mineral status of the animal, i.e. a practically applicable injectable supplement and a product that can improve the trace mineral status of an animal is provided. This is important as livestock producers will only inject livestock if a real benefit can be demonstrated. Furthermore, the subcutaneous injection is the preferred route to minimize tissue damage.

[0084] Preferred embodiments of the application:
  1. 1. A trace element solution, which includes at least two metals selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium and which comprises a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  2. 2. A solution as claimed in claim 1, in which at least one of the metals selected from the group comprising copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium is provided in the form of an EDTA complex.
  3. 3. A solution as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, which includes selenium in the form of a selenite and/or a selenate.
  4. 4. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes iodine.
  5. 5. A solution as claimed in claim 4, in which the iodine is provided in the form of potassium iodide and/or sodium iodide.
  6. 6. A solution as claimed in claim 4 or claim 5, in which the concentration of iodine is between 20 to 400 mg/ml.
  7. 7. A solution as claimed in anyone of claims 2 to 6, in which the EDTA complex is obtained by means of at least one compound selected from the group comprising sodium EDTA, potassium EDTA and a combination of sodium hydroxide and EDTA Acid.
  8. 8. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes chloro-cresol as preservative.
  9. 9. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which has been prepared in a continuous batch process.
  10. 10. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which is an injectable solution.
  11. 11. A solution as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, which is a drenchable solution.
  12. 12. A solution as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, which is provided in the form of a stock-lick.
  13. 13. An injectable trace element solution, which includes at least one compound selected from the group comprising iodine, potassium iodine and sodium iodine and which includes a concentration of the compound(s) of at least 20 mg/ml.
  14. 14. A trace element solution, which includes chromium.
  15. 15. A solution as claimed in claim 14, in which the chromium is provided in the form of CrCl3.6H2O.
  16. 16. A trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, manganese, iron and chromium, and which comprises 35-50 mg/ml of zinc and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  17. 17. A trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, iron and chromium, and which comprises 7,5-15 mg/ml manganese and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  18. 18. A trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising manganese, copper, zinc, iron and chromium, and which comprises 2,5-10 mg/ml selenium and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  19. 19. A trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium, and which comprises 5-20 mg/ml copper and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  20. 20. A trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, zinc, manganese, iron and copper, and which comprises 5-10 mg/ml chromium and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  21. 21. A trace element solution, which includes at least one metal selected from the group comprising selenium, zinc, manganese, copper and chromium, and which comprises 5-50 mg/ml iron and a comprises a total concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
  22. 22. A solution as claimed in any one of claims 16 to 21, which includes iodine.
  23. 23. A solution as claimed in claim 22, in which the iodine is provided in the form of potassium iodide and/or sodium iodide.
  24. 24. A solution as claimed in claim 22 or claim 23, in which the concentration of iodine is between 20 to 400 mg/ml.
  25. 25. A method of preparing a trace element solution, includes at least two metals selected from the group comprising selenium, copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium and which comprises a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml, said method including the steps of
    1. (a) providing at least one metal salt of at least one metal selected from the group comprising copper, zinc, manganese, iron and chromium in a container; and
    2. (b) providing in the container at least one compound selected from the group comprising potassium EDTA, sodium EDTA and a combination of sodium hydroxide and EDTA Acid to obtain the trace element solution
  26. 26. A method as claimed in claim 25, which includes the step of adding selenium to the container.
  27. 27. A method as claimed in claim 25, in which the selenium is provided in the form of selenite and/or selenate.
  28. 28. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 27, which includes the step of adding CrCl3.6H2O to the trace element solution.
  29. 29. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 28, which includes the step of adjusting the pH of the trace element solution to 6,7 to 7,0.
  30. 30. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 29, which includes the step of adjusting the pH of the trace element solution by adding at least one compound selected from the group comprising NaOH and EDTA.
  31. 31. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 30, which includes the step of adding water to the container.
  32. 32. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 31, in which the initial temperature of the solution in which the metal salt(s) are to be chelated is at least 60 degrees Celsius.
  33. 33. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 32, which includes the step of adding water having a temperature of at least 70 degrees Celsius to the container.
  34. 34. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 33, in which at least one of the metal salt(s) is selected from the group comprising ZnO, CuCO3, CuSO4, Na2CO3, MnSO4, FeCl3 and MnCO3.
  35. 35. A method as claimed in any one of claims 30 to 34, in which addition of the EDTA/NaOH mixture occurs gradually with small quantities.
  36. 36. A method as claim in any one of claims 26 to 35, which includes the step of cooling the trace element solution prior to addition of the selenium.
  37. 37. A method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 36, which includes MnCO3 prepared by mixing MnSO4 and Na2CO3.
  38. 38. A trace element solution as prepared by a method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 37.
  39. 39. A stock lick, which includes a trace element solution as prepared by a method as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 37.
  40. 40. A method of providing trace elements to animals, such as livestock, which includes the steps of preparing a trace element solution as claimed in any one of claims 25 to 37, and of providing the solution in a suitable quantity to an animal.
  41. 41. A trace element solution substantially as hereinbefore described.
  42. 42. A method of preparing a trace element solution substantially as hereinbefore described.
  43. 43. A stock lick substantially as hereinbefore described.
  44. 44. A method of providing trace elements to animals substantially as hereinbefore described.
  45. 45. An injectable trace element solution substantially as hereinbefore described.



Claims

1. An injectable trace element solution for livestock, which includes at least selenium, copper, zinc and manganese, in which at least one of the metals selected from the group comprising copper, zinc and manganese is provided in the form of an EDTA complex and which comprises a concentration of the metals of at least 60 mg/ml.
 
2. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which includes selenium in the form of a selenite and/or a selenate.
 
3. A solution as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes iodine.
 
4. A solution as claimed in claim 3, in which the iodine is provided in the form of potassium iodide and/or sodium iodide.
 
5. A solution as claimed in claim 3 or claim 4, in which the concentration of iodine is between 20 to 400 mg/ml.
 
6. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which comprises 35-50 mg/ml of zinc.
 
7. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which comprises 7,5-15 mg/ml manganese.
 
8. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which comprises 2,5-10 mg/ml selenium.
 
9. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which comprises 5-20 mg/ml copper.
 
10. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which comprises 5-10 mg/ml chromium.
 
11. A solution as claimed in claim 1, which comprises 5-50 mg/ml iron.
 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description