(19)
(11)EP 4 026 465 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/28

(21)Application number: 22159297.5

(22)Date of filing:  02.02.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A47K 10/16(2006.01)
A47K 10/34(2006.01)
A47K 10/22(2006.01)
A47K 10/38(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A47K 2010/3675; A47K 2010/3206; A47K 2010/3863; A47K 10/38
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.02.2015 US 201514629599

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
16756041.6 / 3261502

(71)Applicant: Dispensing Dynamics International, LLC
City of Industry, CA 91745 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • CVJETKOVIC, Niko Anthony
    Los Alamitos, CA 90720 (US)

(74)Representative: Einsel, Martin 
Patentanwälte Einsel & Kollegen Jasperallee 1A
38102 Braunschweig
38102 Braunschweig (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 28.02.2022 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)PAPER TOWELING OR TISSUE DISPENSING APPARATUS INCLUDING ROLL OVERSPIN CONTROL


(57) The present disclosure relates to a dispenser apparatus for holding a roll of paper toweling or tissue sheet material having centrally disposed roll support openings at opposed ends thereof and for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of said roll, said dispenser apparatus including:a first roll support positioned at one of the roll support openings, said first roll support operable to support said roll and allow rotation of said roll relative thereto to unwind said sheet material when a pulling force is applied to said sheet material, wherein said dispenser apparatus is characterized by: said first roll support includes a hub projection support and a hub projection pivotally mounted relative to the hub projection support, the hub projection configured to support weight of the roll at said first roll support opening and exert frictional drag forces on said roll to reduce overspin of said roll when said pulling force is terminated, said hub projection tiltable from a non-inclined position to a downwardly tilted position, said hub projection comprising a hub projection male portion projecting into a core of said roll and engaging an inner surface of said core.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] This invention relates to dispenser apparatus for holding a roll of paper toweling or tissue sheet material and for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of the roll.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Overspin of a roll paper product such as paper toweling pulled during dispensing can create slack in the dispensed toweling remaining in a dispenser after the desired length has been dispensed. The slack segment can interfere with subsequent proper operation of some dispensers.

[0003] Dispenser arrangements are known which address the problem of overspin and slack creation. Such known devices are characterized by their relative complexity and high expense. The following patent documents are believed to be representative of the current state of the prior art in this field:

U.S. Patent No. 2,164,817, issued July 4, 1939, U.S. Patent No. 4,610,407, issued September 9, 1986, U.S. Patent No. 2,370,821, issued March 6, 1945, U.S. Patent No. 5,048,386, issued September 17, 1991, U.S. Patent No. 5,215,274, issued June 1,

1993, U.S. Patent No. 6,415,948, issued July 9, 2002, Japanese Patent No. JP4478997, issued June 9, 2010 and Canadian Patent Appln. No. 2,256,105, dated December 15, 1998.


DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION



[0004] The present invention relates to dispenser apparatus for holding a roll of paper toweling or tissue sheet material having centrally disposed first and second roll support openings at opposite ends thereof and for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of the roll.

[0005] The dispenser apparatus includes a first roll support positioned in the first roll support opening, the first roll support operable to support the roll and allow rotation of the roll relative thereto to unwind the sheet material when a pulling force is applied to the sheet material.

[0006] The first roll support is configured to exert frictional drag forces on the roll to reduce overspin of the roll when the pulling force is terminated.

[0007] Other features, advantages and objects of the present invention will become apparent with reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0008] 

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of the invention attached to a dispenser apparatus roll support arm;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged, elevational side view depicting in solid lines the inner side of the roll support of the first embodiment and depicting in dash lines the outline of a roll of paper toweling supported thereby, positions of spaced core structure contact points of the roll support at different angles relative to vertical being indicated;

Fig. 3 is a front end view of the roll support of the first embodiment showing a hub projection thereof pivoted relative to a hub projection support and tilted downwardly from the position illustrated in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a front end view of a second embodiment illustrating the hub projection in a substantially horizontal, non-tilted position, the hub projection illustrated in Fig. 4 differing from the hub projection illustrated in Figs. 1 - 3 in that the hub projection of Fig. 4 does not have a cut-away top portion as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3;

Fig. 5 is a front view depicting a roll of paper toweling supported on one side by the roll support of Figs. 1 - 3 and at the other side by a conventional roll support, each roll support attached to a dispenser apparatus roll support arm;

Fig. 6 is an exploded, perspective view showing the first and second roll supports shown in Fig. 5 prior to assembly with the dispenser apparatus support arms and roll;

Fig. 7 is an end view of a third embodiment of the invention wherein a hub projection of alternative construction is horizontally disposed and positioned in an end opening of a roll;

Fig. 8 is an elevation, side view of the roll showing the hub projection embodiment of Fig. 7 positioned in the roll core, horizontally disposed, and supporting an end of the roll;

Fig. 9 is a view similar to Fig. 7 wherein the hub projection has been pivoted and is inclined downwardly relative to horizontal;

Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 9, but illustrating a fourth embodiment wherein a hub projection similar to that of the embodiment of Fig. 4 tilted downwardly relative to horizontal;

Fig. 11 is an exploded, elevational front view illustrating a roll in dash lines with solid lines depicting two roll supports prior to insertion into the end openings of the roll, one of the roll supports being the roll support shown in Fig. 7 and the other roll support being of a conventional fixed projection type attached to the other roll support arm;

Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the roll support embodiment of Figs. 9 and 11;

Fig. 13 discloses a fifth embodiment of the invention wherein the hub projection male portion is directly affixed to an inner surface of a dispenser apparatus roll support arm;

Fig. 14 is an elevation side view depicting in solid lines a portion of the hub projection arm and the male portion of the hub projection of Fig. 13 positioned relative to a core of a roll illustrated in dash lines;

Fig. 15 is a perspective view of a sixth embodiment of the invention holding a roll wherein the hub projection is an elongated fixed mandrel with an oval-shaped peripheral surface;

Fig. 16 is an exploded view showing the roll separated from the hub projection of Fig. 15;

Fig. 17 is a front elevation view of the Fig. 15 embodiment showing angular orientation of the hub projection relative to the roll;

Fig. 18 is a perspective view illustrating an embodiment of the invention wherein a hub projection with generally rectangular outer peripheral surface having rounded corners projects from a roll support arm; and

Fig. 19 is a front elevational view of the embodiment of Fig. 18.


MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



[0009] Referring now to Figs. 1 - 3, 5 and 6 of the drawings, dispenser apparatus constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention is illustrated. The dispenser apparatus is for holding a roll 12 of paper toweling or tissue sheet material having roll support openings 14, 16 at opposed ends thereof.

[0010] The dispenser apparatus is for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of the roll caused by a pulling force applied to the sheet material. The approach for applying pulling force to the sheet material for accomplishing dispensing may be use of any known prior art mechanical mechanisms or simply applying such forces manually to the toweling or tissue directly.

[0011] The dispenser apparatus incorporates a roll support 18 positioned in the roll support opening 14 and operable to support the roll and allow rotation of the roll relative thereto to unwind the sheet material when a pulling force is applied to the sheet material. The roll support 18 is configured to exert frictional drag forces on the roll 12 to reduce overspin of the roll when the pulling force is terminated.

[0012] Roll support 18 is configured to hold the weight of the roll off center. In this first embodiment of the invention, the roll support 18 is connected to and projects inwardly from a roll support arm 20 which may be of any suitable type commonly used in toweling and tissue roll dispensers.

[0013] A second roll support arm 24 is positioned at the other end of the roll and utilized to support the roll. Roll support arm 24 rotatably accommodates a plug 26 which is inserted into roll support opening 16. This latter arrangement is commonly employed to support a roll end and is merely exemplary since any suitable known arrangement for supporting the end of the roll at roll support opening 16 and allowing rotation of the roll may be employed.

[0014] Roll support 18 functions as an overspin control or reducer. This is accomplished by holding the weight of the roll off center. Roll support 18 includes a hub projection 28 and a hub projection support, the latter in this embodiment comprising a portion 30 of roll support arm 20, the hub projection being pivotally mounted relative to the hub projection support.

[0015] The hub projection includes a male portion 32 and a hub projection base 34 from which the male portion extends.

[0016] The hub projection base 34 is connected by hinge 36 disposed at the bottom thereof with the hub projection support 30 of roll support arm 20 and is tiltable between the positions shown in Figs. 1 and 3. Retainer structure in the form of an elongated hook 38 on the hub projection base 34 extending through an aperture 40 of the hub projection support 30 limits pivotal movement between the hub projection and the hub projection support.

[0017] The roll support 18 is configured to include spaced and distinct roll core contact points. The roll core contact points are disposed at different angles relative to vertical.

[0018] Male portion 32 has an oval-shaped outer peripheral surface with two adjacent curved upper corners 42, 44 forming the roll core contact points. The male portion has an oblong configuration and is canted, as may perhaps best be seen with respect to Fig. 2, so that the roll core holds the weight of the roll off center, the core being shown in dash lines in Fig. 2 and designated by reference numeral 46.

[0019] The roll core contact points are disposed at different angles to the vertical. In Fig. 2 these angles are shown as 45 degrees and 60 degrees; however, the angles shown are relative to a specific core diameter and are tunable based on overspin reduction needed for a particular core diameter or other characteristic, such as if mated with a roll plug system and the frictional characteristics of the plug system. The hub projection male portion shape illustrated creates more frictional drag than a centered shape would, as can be depicted by a force diagram (not shown). If desired, a roll support similar to roll support 18 may also be employed at the other end of the roll as well.

[0020] An upper segment of the male portion of the roll support 18 hub projection has been cut away to leave an opening 48. This feature forces contact with the roll core away from the lateral face of the hub projection base 34.

[0021] Fig. 4 shows a second embodiment of the invention. Other than the male portion of the hub projection, components of the second embodiment are identical to the components of the first embodiment and share the same reference numbers. The male portion of this second embodiment, identified by reference numeral 54, has no cut-away upper portion and is slightly larger in size for accommodating a different sized roll core.

[0022] Figs. 7 - 9, 11 and 12 disclose another alternative embodiment of the invention. In this embodiment the roll support is identified by reference numeral 60. The hub projection support is part of a roll support arm 20 and is of the same construction as the hub projection support previously described with other embodiments and bears the same reference number 30.

[0023] The hub projection 62 of this embodiment differs from that described above. More particularly, the male portion 64 and the shape of the hub projection base 66 differ. The hub projection male portion 64 is round rather than oblong in shape and has a single centered contact point 68 with the inside diameter of the roll core. This may best be seen with reference to Fig. 8.

[0024] The male portion 64 forms an upper space or void 70 between the distal end of the male portion and the outer surface of hub projection base 66. Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 show the male portion 64 extending along a horizontal axis, that is, in untilted condition. The hub projection base of course is also untilted. When the hub projection 62 bears the weight of an end of the roll 12 it begins to tilt and the upper outer surface of the hub projection base 66 engages the roll end.

[0025] As may perhaps best be seen with reference to Fig. 12, hub projection base 66 has an upper slanted face portion 72 which extends downwardly somewhat beyond the center of the hub projection base. The upper slanted face portion may be cylindrical. Immediately below the upper slanted face portion 72 is a face portion 74 tangentially disposed relative to the face portion 72 and located a slight distance below the center of the hub projection base. In Fig. 7 face portion 74 is shown engaging the end of the roll. The weight of the roll will move the hub projection 62 to a tilted orientation, as shown for example in Fig. 9. The location where the roll end contacts the face varies with the amount of tilt or pivot.

[0026] Overspin reduction or control is accomplished through bias with the end of the roll created by a moment arm of roll weight applied to the male portion of the hub projection which is offset from the pivot point located at the hinge 76 pivotally connecting the hub projection base to the hub projection support 30 of the roll support arm. The cut-away top portion of the male hub projection portion creates a larger moment arm than would be accomplished without an upper space or void 70. The embodiment shown in Fig. 10 is identical to the embodiment of Fig. 9 except that the male portion 84 has no cut-away or void space. As indicated by the illustrated downwardly extending arrows in Figs. 9 and 10, the contact point of the male portion 84 with the roll core is substantially closer to the pivot point at hinge 76, thus creating a considerably shorter moment arm.

[0027] It is typical for toweling rolls to have a width tolerance of plus/minus 1/8 inch, or more. The pivoting hub projection arrangement allows the roll support system to absorb that tolerance without excessively squeezing the maximum width rolls. The bias with the end of the roll also keeps the roll positively engaged with both roll supports so that the narrow rolls will not fall off of the supports during dispensing.

[0028] Fig. 11 shows a fixed roll holder projection 86 on the right roll support.

[0029] Figs. 13 and 14 show an embodiment of an invention wherein a hub projection male portion 90 is affixed to the inner surface of a roll support arm 20, for example by being integrally molded therewith. The male portion has an oval configuration and is canted to provide two roll core contact points as described above with respect to the first embodiment of the invention. Alternatively, the male portion could have a generally oval configuration with flat surfaces disposed between curved corners, for example the generally rectangular male portion shape shown in Figs. 18 and 19.

[0030] Figs. 15 - 17 show a single fixed mandrel tissue dispenser 94 utilizing the overspin reducing concept disclosed herein. The dispenser cover is not shown. The hub projection male portion or mandrel 96 is elongated so that it contacts all or at least a significant portion of the length of the roll tissue core. The hub projection male portion or mandrel 96 is oval shaped, having two upper curved contact corners due to canting of the mandrel.

[0031] Figs. 18 and 19 show another embodiment of the invention wherein a hub projection male portion 98 having an outer surface of generally rectangular configuration is affixed to the inner surface of a roll support arm 20, for example being integrally molded therewith. In this embodiment the roll contact points are at upper adjacent curved corners 100 of the hub projection male portion. These contact points are disposed on opposite sides of a vertical axis extending through the top-most, upper inner surface of said roll core and at the same angle (in this instance 40 degrees) relative to the vertical axis.

[0032] The overspin control features of this invention can be employed at left, right or both sides of a dual support system.

[0033] It is also to be understood that the principles of the present invention can be applied to rolls wherein the core is a traditional separate core about which paper sheet material is wound thereabout or wherein the core is formed from the same toweling as the rest of the rolls, i.e. so-called coreless-cored rolls.

Further Examples Include:



[0034] 
  1. 1. Dispenser apparatus for holding a roll of paper toweling or tissue sheet material having centrally disposed first and second roll support openings at opposed ends thereof and for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of said roll, said dispenser apparatus including:
    a first roll support positioned in the first roll support opening, said first roll support operable to support said roll and allow rotation of said roll relative thereto to unwind said sheet material when a pulling force is applied to said sheet material, said first roll support configured to exert frictional drag forces on said roll to reduce overspin of said roll when said pulling force is terminated.
  2. 2. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 1 wherein the first roll support is configured to hold the weight of the roll off center.
  3. 3. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 1 additionally including a second roll support positioned in the second roll support opening.
  4. 4. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 1 wherein said first roll support opening is formed by a roll core.
  5. 5. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 4 wherein said first roll support is configured to include spaced roll core contact points.
  6. 6. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 5 wherein said roll core contact points are disposed at different angles relative to vertical.
  7. 7. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 6 wherein said first roll support comprises a hub projection engageable with an inner surface of the roll core, said contact points located at an upper surface of said hub projection.
  8. 8. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 7 wherein said first roll support additionally comprises a hub projection support, said hub projection being pivotally mounted on said hub projection support and movable between a substantially horizontal orientation and a downwardly inclined orientation.
  9. 9. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 8 wherein said first roll support additionally includes a retainer structure for limiting the downwardly inclined orientation of said hub projection.
  10. 10. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 8 wherein said hub projection includes a hub projection base and a hub projection male portion extending from said hub projection base, said male portion having a cut-away top portion to force contact with the roll core at a location spaced from the hub projection base.
  11. 11. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 8 wherein said hub projection support is on a roll support arm of said dispenser apparatus.
  12. 12. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 4 wherein said first roll support includes a hub projection having a roll core contact surface extending upwardly and centered relative to and in engagement with an upper inner surface of the roll core, said first roll support additionally comprising a hub projection support, said hub projection including a hub projection base on said hub projection support and a hub projection male portion on said hub projection base, said hub projection base having an outer surface, and said hub projection male portion cooperable with said roll supported thereby to maintain the end of the roll supported thereby in engagement with an outer surface of said hub projection base to create frictional forces therebetween resisting rotation of said roll.
  13. 13. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 12 wherein the outer surface of said hub projection base has surface portions inclined relative to one another.
  14. 14. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 12 wherein said roll core contact surface is at a distal end of said hub projection male portion.
  15. 15. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 12 wherein said roll core contact surface is arcuate.
  16. 16. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 1 wherein the first roll support is configured to hold the roll with the longitudinal axis of the roll angularly disposed downwardly relative to horizontal.
  17. 17. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 14 wherein said hub projection base exerts a bias with the end of the roll to keep the roll positively engaged with two roll supports.
  18. 18. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 14 wherein said hub projection is pivotally mounted on said hub projection support.
  19. 19. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 18 wherein an upper opening is formed in said hub projection male portion between the roll core contact surface and the hub projection base.
  20. 20. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 19 wherein said roll contact surface engages the center of the upper inner surface of said roll core.
  21. 21. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 6 wherein said contact points are disposed on opposite sides of a vertical axis extending through a top-most upper surface of said roll core.
  22. 22. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 21 wherein said first roll support has an outer peripheral surface forming upper adjacent curved corners comprising said contact points.
  23. 23. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 5 wherein said roll core contact points are disposed on opposite sides of a vertical axis extending through a top-most upper inner surface of said roll core and at substantially the same angle relative to said vertical axis .
  24. 24. The dispenser apparatus according to Example 22 wherein said outer peripheral surface is generally oval-shaped.
  25. 25. The dispenser apparatus of Example 22 wherein the outer peripheral surface is generally rectangular shaped.
  26. 26. Dispenser apparatus for holding a roll of paper toweling or tissue sheet material having centrally disposed roll support openings at opposed ends thereof and for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of said roll, said dispenser apparatus including:
    a first roll support positioned in one of the roll support openings, said first roll support operable to support said roll and allow rotation of said roll relative thereto to unwind said sheet material when a pulling force is applied to said sheet material, said first roll support configured to exert frictional drag forces on said roll to reduce overspin of said roll when said pulling force is terminated, said first roll support including a hub projection tiltable between a substantially horizontal position to a downwardly tilted position, said hub projection projecting into a core of said roll and engaging an inner surface of said core.



Claims

1. Dispenser apparatus for holding a roll (12) of paper toweling or tissue sheet material having centrally disposed roll support openings (14, 16) at opposed ends thereof and for dispensing the sheet material during rotation of said roll (12), said dispenser apparatus including:

a first roll support (18, 60) positioned at one of the roll support openings (14, 16), said first roll support (18, 60) operable to support said roll (12) and allow rotation of said roll (12) relative thereto to unwind said sheet material when a pulling force is applied to said sheet material,

wherein said dispenser apparatus is characterized by:
said first roll support (18, 60) includes a hub projection support (30) and a hub projection (28, 62) pivotally mounted relative to the hub projection support (30), the hub projection (28, 62) configured to support weight of the roll (12) at said first roll support opening (14) and exert frictional drag forces on said roll (12) to reduce overspin of said roll when said pulling force is terminated, said hub projection (28, 62) tiltable from a non-inclined position to a downwardly tilted position, said hub projection (28, 62) comprising a hub projection male portion (32, 64) projecting into a core (46) of said roll (12) and engaging an inner surface of said core (46).


 
2. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 1, further including a first roll support arm (20) connected to the first roll support (18, 60).
 
3. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 2, wherein said hub projection support (30) comprises a portion of the first roll support arm (20).
 
4. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 1, wherein said hub projection (28, 62) further comprises a hub projection base (34, 66) from which the hub projection male portion (32, 64) extends.
 
5. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 4, wherein an upper segment (48, 70) of said hub projection male portion (32) is cut away to force contact with the roll core (46) away from a lateral face of the hub projection base (34).
 
6. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 4, wherein said hub projection male portion (64) comprises a void (70) between a distal end of the hub projection male portion (64) and an outer surface of said hub projection base (66).
 
7. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 4, wherein, when the hub projection (62) bears the weight of an end of the roll (12), the hub projection (62) begins to tilt and an upper outer surface of the hub projection base (66) engages the end of the roll (12).
 
8. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 4, wherein said hub projection base (34, 66) is connected with said hub projection support (30) by a hinge (36, 76).
 
9. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 8, wherein said hinge (36, 76) is disposed at a bottom portion of the hub projection base (34, 66).
 
10. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 1, wherein said hub projection male portion (32) has an oval-shaped outer peripheral surface with adjacent curved upper corners forming roll core contact points (42, 44).
 
11. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 10, wherein said hub projection male portion (32) has an oblong configuration and is canted such that the roll core (46) holds the weight of the roll (12) off center.
 
12. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 1, wherein said hub projection male portion (64) comprises a round shape.
 
13. The dispenser apparatus of Claim 1, further including a second roll support arm (24) positioned at the other one of the roll support openings (14, 16).
 




Drawing

























Search report









Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description