(19)
(11)EP 4 027 027 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/28

(21)Application number: 22150762.7

(22)Date of filing:  10.01.2022
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16B 37/12(2006.01)
F16B 25/00(2006.01)
F16B 4/00(2006.01)
F16B 37/04(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F16B 37/125; F16B 25/0015; F16B 37/041; F16B 4/004
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 08.01.2021 NO 20210020

(71)Applicant: K. Thorbergsen Mekaniske AS
8294 Hamaröy (NO)

(72)Inventor:
  • Thorbergsen, Knut-Arne
    8294 Hamaröy (NO)

(74)Representative: Curo AS 
Vestre Rosten 81
7075 Tiller
7075 Tiller (NO)

  


(54)FASTENING DEVICE FOR PLASTICS AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE


(57) Fastening device for plastics comprising a threaded bush (30), arranged with a coarse thread (31) on the outside of the bush and a standard metric thread (32) on the hollow inside of the bush. The bush (30) is introduced into a cavity in the plastic which is arranged with threads complementary to those of the bush. Compression and friction between the complementary threads keep the bush in place. A utility can be screwed into the standard metric thread on the hollow inside of the bush and full momentum applied on the utility. A method for bolting the fastening device and an article comprising such a bolted fastening device are contemplated.




Description


[0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of fastening devices, and more particularly to mechanical fastening devices. The present invention relates to a fastening device for plastic materials.

Background



[0002] Mechanical fastening devices are well known in building, construction and other industries. Some of them are limited to special types of material in which they are applied. Others request quite demanding operations in order to install the fastening device. Yet others offer only very limited bearing capability.

[0003] GB 2241549 discloses a plug with a tapered core and a central bore for receiving a fastener. A tapered trapezoidal thread and a tip give the plug a self-tapping effect. The plug has a head that is larger than the largest thread to stop the penetration into the underlying material. The plug is made of plastic by injection molding and has a recess which is arranged to receive a head for the fastening means.

[0004] DE 2057970 discloses an expansion plug made of plastic with a central hole. Such expansion plugs are known in many different shapes and embodiments. The expansion plug can have external trapezoidal threads and be used in pre-drilled holes to fasten a screw in the central hole. The central hole is arranged with threads that taper towards the tip of the expansion plug.

[0005] EP 1055074 relates to a plate anchor used to mount and attach various materials to a wall consisting of a fragile material. The plate anchor is self-tapping and is screwed directly into the wall without the need for a borehole. The plate anchor is designed as a screw with external threads and has a drilling part at one end and a flange part at the other end. The plate anchor is arranged with a central hole with internal threads and with a slot. A fastener can be bolted into the plate anchor.

[0006] JP 55166519 discloses a hole screw which is tapered from the head to the tip and which has external threads. The hole screw has a slot in the middle that allows the fastening of a bolt or the like.

[0007] KR 200358130 discloses a hollow screw with tapered threads which are arranged at an acute angle around the main shaft. The screw is not tapered from the flange part towards the end which first meets the underlying material and into which the screw is to be inserted. The hole is arranged centrally in the screw and allows the fastening of a bolt or the like.

[0008] US 5308205 relates to a holding pin of plastic material which resembles a dowel and which is particularly suitable for attaching furniture fittings to furniture articles. The holding pin can be mounted by pressing or driving it into a bore. The holding pin has an elongate design and from its outer surface extends radially a number of projecting ribs which are arranged in the longitudinal direction of the holding pin. The diameter of the ribs increases from the head of the holding pin to the tip. A hole is arranged centrally in the holding pin and allows the fastening of a screw or the like. The hole is tapered from the head towards the tip of the retaining pin.

[0009] US 7152837 relates to a hanger made of a strand of material formed into a plurality of coils of stepwise decreasing diameter to make a conical hollow spiral. The hanger is designed with a hook or other engagement at one end of the spiral. The coil is connected by shape or frictional connection to an opening in a selected substrate to provide a receptacle for securing a selected object.

[0010] WO2020/193272 A1 discloses a fastener comprising an anchor bolt and a nut. The nut comprises a rearward nut section, a forward nut section located closer to an anchor portion of the anchor bolt than the rearward nut section, and an outside shoulder for load transfer into the nut, which is located between the forward nut section and the rearward nut section and which faces the anchor portion of the anchor bolt, wherein an internal thread of the nut extends at least in the forward nut section and the internal thread of the nut threadedly engages an external thread of a threaded rod of the anchor bolt at least in the forward nut section.

[0011] There is a need for fastening devices which can be easily installed and which offer high bearing capability. There is particularly a need for fastening devices which can be installed from one side of an arrangement without the requirement of action such as fastening nut locks on the opposite side of the arrangement.

Objectives



[0012] It is therefore an objective of the present invention to provide an improved mechanical fastening device for plastic materials.

[0013] It is a further objective to provide a method for applying an improved mechanical fastening device in plastic materials

[0014] It is still a further objective to provide articles comprising plastic material with improved fastening device.

The present invention



[0015] The above mentioned objectives are achieved by a fastening device as defined by claim 1.

[0016] According to another aspect, the present invention concerns a method as defined by claim 10.

[0017] Yet another aspect the present invention concerns articles as defined by claim 12.

[0018] Preferred embodiments of the different aspects of the invention are disclosed by the dependent claims.

[0019] The present invention relates to a fastening device intended to be introduced into a plastic material, were it as an anchor provides excellent fastening for a utility. The fastening device comprises a threaded bush, typically metallic, which is provided with a coarse thread on the outside of the bush. The bush will have a flexibility less than the flexibility of the plastic material. On the hollow inside of the bush a fine thread in the shape of a standard metric thread is arranged. Any kind of utility may be screwed into the standard metric thread. In order to introduce the fastening device into the plastic material threads are cut into the plastic material with a tapered tool which preferably comprises tapered threads. A cavity in the plastic material comprising internal threads is created. During introduction of the fastening device into the plastic material, the elasticity of the plastic material is of the essence. The coarse thread on the outside of the bush, which is introduced into the cavity in the plastic material, is complementary to the thread in the cavity of the plastic material. The distance within the groove of the thread on the outside of the bush is comparable to the distance within the groove of the thread on the inside of the cavity, which has about the same size and preferably a slightly smaller size than the distance within the groove of the thread on the outside of the bush. When the fastening device, the bush is introduced into the cavity the distance within the groove of the complementary thread is increased. Once the bush is located screwed into the cavity of the plastic material the coarse thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material are engaged by compression and/or friction. The distance within the thread groove in the cavity is increased by the thread grooves on the outside of the bush engaging the thread grooves in the cavity. The increase in the distance then screwing the bush must take place within the elasticity of the plastic material in order to avoid the plastic material being exposed to crack formation. Elasticity of different plastic materials according to the invention can be compared, among other things, by measuring the elongation at break of the plastic materials with standardized test methods.

[0020] From the following discussion, it may seem that the fastening device and the bush is one and the same thing. This is more or less correct, the bush may be considered to be the physical form of the present invention, but its interaction with the plastic material is also significant.

[0021] The desired immobilty of the fastening device, when attached, is provided by friction forces, which apply when the bush is introduced into the cavity and when it is tried to be loosen or removed. It is an advantage of the present invention that the introduction of the bush is facilitated by the elasticity of the plastic material, whereas loosening is hindered by forces which originate from said elasticity, too.

[0022] In a first embodiment, a trapezoidal thread is chosen as the coarse thread. Tools for creating trapezoidal threads are readily available. Trapezoidal threads may with their flat top provide more uniform compression and/or friction forces between the thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material than threads with different shapes.

[0023] In another embodiment, the distance within the groove of the complementary thread is increased by introduction of the bush into the cavity of the plastic material preferably by 0.1% to 10%, more preferred 0.3% to 6% and most preferred 0.5% to 3%. It is important that the increase of the distance within the groove of the thread on the inside of the cavity, caused by the bush, does not exceed the limit of elasticity of the plastic material.

[0024] In another embodiment, high density polyethylene (HDPE) is chosen as the plastic material. HDPE is known for its high strength-to-density ratio. The density of HDPE can typically range from 930 to 970 kg/m3 Friction depends on the shape of the coarse thread and the physical properties such as elasticity and surface tension of the plastic material. It is an advantage to combine trapezoidal thread and high density polyethylene in the present innovation.

[0025] In yet another embodiment, the friction engaging the coarse thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material is increased by structural modification of the coarse thread on the outside of the bush. The structure of the coarse thread on the outside of the bush is instrumental for providing friction between bush and plastic material. A modification of this structure, which may increase the friction to be provided in order to loosen or remove the bush is particularly relevant, if the friction to be provided in order to introduce the bush into the cavity, is not increased at the same level. In order to provide an efficient increase of friction the coarse thread on the outside of the bush has after the structural modification to comprise at least one modified contact area which is engaged with the complementary thread.

[0026] In another embodiment, the modified contact area comprises a structure selected from the group consisting of random unevenness, random roughness, regular unevenness and regular roughness which represent physical structural modifications.

[0027] In another embodiment, the modified contact area comprises a structure selected from the group consisting a changed chemical structure obtained by means selected from the group consisting of oxidation and etching or selected from the group consisting of coating, gluing and impregnation.

[0028] Yet another embodiment refers to a method for bolting a fastening device for plastics into a plastic material of known elasticity. The fastening device comprises a threaded bush, typically metallic, which is arranged with a coarse thread on the outside of the bush. On the hollow inside of the bush, a standard metric thread is arranged. A cavity with coarse threads is formed in the plastic material, said threads being complementary to the threads on the outside of the bush. The bush is screwed into the threaded cavity of a plastic material and, as a consequence, the distance within the groove of the complementary thread is increased. The coarse thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material are engaged by compression and/or friction, which keep the fastening device in place.

[0029] Yet another embodiment refers to an article comprising plastic material with a fastening device according to the present invention. The fastening device is to the limit screwed into the plastic material and a utility is screwed into the standard metric thread on the hollow inside of the fastening device and full momentum can be applied on the utility without moving the fastening device. By full momentum is meant that the fastening device does not come loose when the standardized metric screw inserted inside the fastening device is loaded with maximum momentum. If the load exceeds the maximum momentum for the internal screw, it must be assumed that the internal screw would be damaged and that the fastening device would come loose for that reason.

[0030] Below a more detailed explanation of the present invention is provided in the form of exemplary embodiments with reference to enclosed drawings.

Figure 1 is a side sectional view of a piece of plastic material (10).

Figure 2 is a side sectional view of a tool (20).

Figure 3 is a side sectional view of the tool (20) from figure 2 in operation.

Figure 4 is a side sectional view of a bush (30) according to the present invention.

Figure 5 is a visualisation of forces applied during insertion of the bush into the plastic material.

Figure 6 is a side sectional view of the bush (30) inserted into the plastic material.



[0031] Figure 1 shows a side sectional view of a piece of plastic material 10 into which the fastening device has to be introduced. The plastic material does not show significant inhomogeneity within the range of the typical size of the fastening.

[0032] Figure 2 shows a side sectional view of a tool 20 which is used in order to provide a cavity in the plastic material. The tool is equipped with cutting edges 21 and means for creating coarse threads 22), in this case trapezoidal threads. A connecting area 23 for a drilling machine or the like, by which a momentum may be applied to the tool, is provided at its rear end.

[0033] Figure 3 shows a side sectional view of the tool 20 from figure 2 in operation. The cavity is created in the plastic material 10 and arranged with coarse threads, in this case trapezoidal threads. The distance Dp between the grooves created in the plastic material is also indicated.

[0034] Figure 4 shows a side sectional view of a bush 30 according to the present invention. The bush is arranged with coarse trapezoidal threads 31 which are complementary to the cavity created by the coarse threads 22 shown in figure 2. The groove width or distance Db of the coarse threads is indicated. On the hollow inside of the bush 30, a fine thread 32 in the shape of a standard metric thread is arranged. Any kind of utility may be screwed into the standard metric thread (not shown in figure 4). At one end of the bush 30, a hexagonal nut shaped extension 33 or the like may optionally be provided for the bush to be screwed into the plastic material. When the top of the nut shaped extension 33 reaches the plastic material, the introduction of the bush 30 comes to completion. Alternatively, the bush 30 may be completely introduced into the plastic material.

[0035] Figure 5 shows the correlation between the force Fs which is applied on the bush 30 during introduction into the cavity and the force FH which acts on a tool with which the momentum is applied onto the top 33 of the bush 30. The distance r is the radius of the circular movement, d is the moved distance of the bush. Without taking into account any friction, the correlation can be expressed as shown in equation 1.



[0036] By considering a contribution from friction, the correlation can be expressed as shown in equation 2.

where µ is a real number larger than 1 representing contributions to friction from the structure of the involved threads on the outside of the bush and on the inside of the cavity. The contribution of friction is directly proportional to the force, which is needed to move the bush.

[0037] Figure 6 shows a bush 30, which is arranged with a trapezoidal thread on the outside and a standard metric thread on the hollow inside. The bush 30 has been introduced into the threaded cavity of the plastic material 10. Compression and friction between the complementary threads of the bush 30 and the cavity keep the bush in place. The bush does not move, even if a utility is screwed into the standard metric thread on the hollow inside of the bush and full momentum applied on the utility. The utility is not shown in figure 6.


Claims

1. Fastening device for plastics comprising a threaded bush (30), arranged with a coarse thread (31) on the outside of the bush and a standard metric thread (32) on the hollow inside of the bush, wherein the coarse thread on the outside of the bush is arranged for screwing into a cavity in a plastic material (10) having a known elasticity, thereby said cavity of the plastic material is arranged with a complementary thread with a chosen distance within the groove, characterized in that the distance within the groove of the complementary thread within the limit of the plastic materials elasticity is increased, when the fastening device is located screwed into the cavity of the plastic material, wherein the coarse thread (31) on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material are engaged by at least one of compression and friction.
 
2. Fastening device according to claim 1, characterized in that a trapezoidal thread is chosen as the coarse thread (31).
 
3. Fastening device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the distance within the groove of the complementary thread is increased preferably by 0.1% to 10%, more preferred 0.3% to 6% and most preferred 0.5% to 3%.
 
4. Fastening device according to any of the claims 1 to 3, characterized in that high density polyethylene is chosen as the plastic material.
 
5. Fastening device according to any of the claims 1 to 4, characterized in that an increase of the friction engaging the coarse thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material is obtained by structural modification of the coarse thread on the outside of the bush.
 
6. Fastening device according to claim 5, characterized in that the coarse thread on the outside of the bush after the structural modification comprises at least one modified contact area arranged to be engaged with the complementary thread.
 
7. Fastening device according to claim 6, characterized in that the modified contact area comprises a structure selected from the group consisting of random unevenness, random roughness, regular unevenness and regular roughness.
 
8. Fastening according to claim 6, characterized in that the modified contact area comprises a changed chemical structure obtained by means selected from the group consisting of oxidation and etching.
 
9. Fastening device according to claim 6, characterized in that the modified contact area comprises a changed chemical structure obtained by means selected from the group consisting of coating, gluing and impregnation.
 
10. Method for bolting a fastening device for plastics into a plastic material (10) of known elasticity, wherein the fastening device comprises a threaded bush (30), which is arranged with a coarse thread (31) on the outside of the bush and a standard metric thread (32) on the hollow inside of the bush, forming a cavity in the plastic material and forming threads (20, 21, 22), complementary to the coarse threads on the outside of the bush, in the surface of said cavity and screwing the coarse thread on the outside of the bush into the, threaded cavity of a plastic material, characterized in that the distance within the groove of the complementary thread is being increased within the limits of elasticity by screwing the fastening device into the cavity of the plastic material, wherein the coarse thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material are being engaged by at least one of compression and friction.
 
11. Method according to claim 10, characterized in that the friction engaging the coarse thread on the outside of the bush and the complementary thread of the cavity of the plastic material is increased by structural modification of the tapered thread on the outside of the bush, wherein the structural modification is selected from the group consisting of providing random unevenness, regular unevenness, random physical roughness, regular physical roughness, fish hooks and applying oxidation, etching, coating, gluing, impregnation.
 
12. Article comprising plastic material with fastening device according to any of the previous claims wherein the fastening device is to the limit screwed into the plastic material and a utility is screwed into the standard metric thread on the hollow inside of the fastening device, characterized in that full momentum can be applied on the utility without moving the fastening device.
 




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Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description