(19)
(11)EP 4 027 493 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/28

(21)Application number: 22151004.3

(22)Date of filing:  11.01.2022
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02K 5/08(2006.01)
H02K 7/116(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H02K 7/116; H02K 5/08
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 12.01.2021 IT 202100000443

(71)Applicant: Cebi Motors S.p.A.
12025 Dronero (CN) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • SURIAN, Antonio
    35020 DUE CARRARE (PD) (IT)
  • BASSO, Maurizio
    36031 DUEVILLE (VI) (IT)

(74)Representative: Marchioro, Paolo 
Studio Bonini S.r.l. Corso Fogazzaro, 8
36100 Vicenza
36100 Vicenza (IT)

  


(54)ELECTRIC GEAR MOTOR PARTICULARLY FOR MOTOR VEHICLES


(57) The present invention relates to an electric gear motor (10), particularly for motor vehicles, comprising a containment body (11) within which there are an electric motor with a corresponding drive shaft (15) carrying a worm gear (16), and at least one reduction gear (18).
The special feature of such electric gear motor is that:
- the electric motor comprises a brushless motor (14) of the outer rotor type (22);
- the containment body (11) comprises a single containment crankcase (12), within which two compartments are defined, a first compartment (13) configured to contain said brushless motor (14) with a corresponding drive shaft (15) carrying a worm gear (16), and a second compartment (17) configured to contain the at least one reduction gear (18) meshed with said worm gear (16); a first cover (19) configured to close the first compartment (13); a second cover (20) configured to close the second compartment (17).




Description


[0001] The invention relates to an electric gear motor particularly for motor vehicles. Nowadays, in the automotive sector, there is an ever-increasing need for on-board electric gear motors capable of making the movements of motorised moving parts, such as seats and window lifters in particular, faster than is currently possible, and at the same time no less silent; the gear motors for seats and window lifters are usually called upon to operate intermittently and therefore work non-continuously and for limited periods of time, unlike, for example, gear motors for windscreen wipers which, when activated, can be called upon to operate continuously even for hours.

[0002] In particular, in the new self-driving motor vehicles, more powerful electric gear motors are required to move the seats, capable of moving a seat along longer and faster trajectories than is currently known, although having the same size of the currently known gear motors, in order to meet the new comfort needs required by car manufacturers.

[0003] Moving seats with wider and faster movements requires gear motors capable of producing greater power than known gear motors, but without making the vehicles heavier, and in particular electric vehicles, which have to be increasingly lighter in order to move more efficiently.

[0004] Nowadays, such automotive gear motors generally comprise a containment body containing an electric motor with a corresponding drive shaft, which drive shaft carries a worm gear, and at least one reduction gear meshed to the worm gear, so as to transfer power from a first axis, which is the axis of rotation of the drive shaft, to a second axis, orthogonal to a plane containing the first axis, which is the axis of a final power output gear.

[0005] Generally, such electric gear motors of the known type comprise an electric motor with brushes, contained in a glass-shaped body made of metal material, which electric motor is pre-assembled in a special assembly line and then joined to the reduction unit, which is assembled in another assembly line.

[0006] The task of the present invention is to develop an electric gear motor, particularly for motor vehicles, capable of overcoming the mentioned limitations of the prior art.

[0007] In particular, an object of the invention is to develop an electric gear motor which can be assembled at a lower cost and in a shorter time than similar gear motors of the known type.

[0008] Another object of the invention is to develop an electric gear motor capable of delivering greater power than similar gear motors of the known type.

[0009] A further object of the invention is to develop a compact electric gear motor with dimensions not greater than similar gear motors of the known type.

[0010] The above-mentioned task and objects are achieved by an electric gear motor particularly for motor vehicles according to claim 1.

[0011] Further characteristics of the electric gear motor according to claim 1 are described in the dependent claims.

[0012] The task and the aforesaid objects, together with the advantages that will be mentioned hereinafter, are highlighted by the description of an embodiment of the invention, which is given by way of non-limiting example with reference to the attached drawings, where:
  • figure 1 represents a perspective view of an electric gear motor according to the invention;
  • figure 2 represents a side view of the electric gear motor of figure 1;
  • figure 3 represents an elevation section view according to the section line III-III of figure 2;
  • figure 4 represents a section side view according to the section line IV-IV of figure 3;
  • figure 5 represents a detail of figure 4;
  • figure 6 represents a section side view of an electric motor component of the electric gear motor according to the invention;
  • figure 7 represents a perspective view of the component of figure 6;
  • figure 8 represents a perspective view of another electric motor component of the gear motor according to the invention;
  • figure 9 represents a section side view of the electric motor component of figure 8;
  • figure 10 represents a perspective view of a group of gear motor components according to the invention;
  • figure 11 represents another perspective view of the group of figure 10;
  • figure 12 represents a perspective view of another component of the gear motor according to the invention;
  • figure 13 represents a perspective view of another group of electric gear motor components according to the invention;
  • figure 14 represents a side view of the group of figure 13;
  • figure 15 represents a section side view of an electric gear motor according to the invention in a variant embodiment.


[0013] With reference to the above-mentioned figures, an electric gear motor, particularly for motor vehicles, according to the invention is globally referred to by number 10.

[0014] Such an electric gear motor 10, particularly for motor vehicles, comprises a containment body 11 within which there are present an electric motor with a corresponding drive shaft 15 carrying a worm gear 16, and at least one reduction gear, for example two reduction gears 18 and 18a.

[0015] The special feature of the gear motor 10 according to the invention lies in that the electric motor comprises a brushless motor 14 of the external rotor type 22. In particular, furthermore, the containment body 11 comprises a single containment crankcase 12, two compartments being defined within said single containment crankcase 12:
  • a first compartment 13 configured to contain the brushless motor 14 with the corresponding drive shaft 15 carrying the worm gear 16,
  • and a second compartment 17 configured to contain the at least one reduction gear 18 meshed with the worm gear 16; in the example described herein, the second compartment 17 contains a first reduction gear 18, directly meshed with the worm gear 16, and a second reduction gear 18a.


[0016] The containment body 11 also comprises:
  • a first cover 19 configured to close said first compartment 13;
  • a second cover 20 configured to close the second compartment 17. Advantageously, the single crankcase 12 consists of a single body made of plastic.


[0017] Preferably, the first cover 19 and the second cover 20 are also made of plastic. The brushless motor 14 therefore comprises an outer rotor 22 and an inner stator 23.

[0018] The outer rotor 22 comprises a glass-shaped body 25.

[0019] Inside the outer rotor 22 four magnetic poles 26 are present.

[0020] The outer rotor 22 comprises a glass-shaped body 25 inside which there are four magnetic poles 26.

[0021] Such magnetic poles 26 each consist, for example, of a radially magnetised tile with polarity facing the stator.

[0022] These magnetic poles 26 are arranged as spaced tangentially from a first axis X1 of rotation of the drive shaft 15.

[0023] In an alternative embodiment, not shown for the sake of simplicity, the magnetic poles can be integrated into a single tubular body on which the width, position and alternating radial orientation of these magnetic poles are defined when magnetising such single tubular body.

[0024] By way of example, the glass-shaped body 25 is made of ferrous material, and in particular of iron.

[0025] Such an outer rotor 22 is thereby particularly compact, with a bell-shaped design with the magnetic poles 26 arranged inside; a similar structure allows the outer rotor 22 to rotate at speeds of up to 20,000 rpm without structural problems, such as the detachment of the magnets; such outer rotor 22 is also easy to balance by removing material from the glass-shaped body 25.

[0026] The brushless motor 14 is therefore configured to rotate at a speed between 3,000 rpm and 20,000 rpm.

[0027] The outer rotor 22 includes a collar 27 for fixing the drive shaft 15.

[0028] The glass-shaped body 25 comprises a bottom 25a and a side wall 25b.

[0029] The collar 27 extends from the bottom 25a of the glass-shaped body 25.

[0030] The drive shaft 15 is, for example, fitted by means of an interference coupling of the drive shaft itself having a circular cross-section, with a corresponding axial hole, also having a circular cross-section, defined on the collar 27.

[0031] For example, the drive shaft 15 is grinded; the axial hole is defined directly in the glass-shaped body 25 when it is in the unfinished state, e.g. following a sintering process; again, for example, the dimensional quality of the axial hole can be improved by boring.

[0032] Alternatively, the coupling between the drive shaft 15 and the axial hole on the collar 27 of the glass-shaped body 25 is of the friction type, wherein a coupling section of the drive shaft 15 is shaped so as to have a set of radial reliefs extending longitudinally in the axial direction; such radial reliefs are made, for example, by parallel rolling or knurling operations; such radial reliefs are intended to improve the torque transmission of the friction coupling, without exceeding in forcing the coupling between the drive shaft 15 and the axial hole of the collar 27.

[0033] Still alternatively, for the transmission of higher torques, the friction coupling between the drive shaft 15 and the axial hole on the collar 27 can be replaced by a plug-in; in this case, the axial hole is plug-in shaped already in the step of sintering the glass-shaped body 25 of the outer rotor 22, or the plug-in shaping can be made by broaching.

[0034] At the bottom 25a of the glass-shaped body 25 there is a bushing 28 for supporting and centring a support bar 29 configured to support the inner stator 23.

[0035] The bottom 25a has a plurality of through holes 30.

[0036] Such through holes 30 extend in a direction substantially parallel to the first axis X1 of the drive shaft 15.

[0037] Such through-holes 30 are configured to allow the passage of a thrusting tool against an axial stop elastic ring 31, better described below, suitable for locking the external part of a rolling bearing 32 for the outer rotor 22 and configured to be fixed by interference against the inner wall of the first compartment 13.

[0038] The first compartment 13 is configured in such a way that it comprises, in the direction of the first axis X1, a set of successive inner spaces, which inner spaces are open directly one towards the other; these inner spaces have transverse dimensions decreasing from the outside, that is, from the area of the first cover 19, towards the inside, that is, towards the area housing the tip of the drive shaft 15.

[0039] The term 'transverse dimensions' means the perimeter dimensions of such inner spaces that are measured on a section referred to a plane orthogonal to the first axis X1.

[0040] In the exemplary embodiment of the invention described herein, the first compartment 13 comprises, starting from the outside towards the inside:
  • an input compartment 13a configured to contain a support and attachment flange 35 for the inner stator 23;
  • a central chamber 13b shaped to house the glass-shaped body 25 of the outer rotor 22;
  • a first support shoulder 36 for first friction reducing means for the outer rotor 22;
  • an end compartment 13c shaped to house the worm gear 16;
  • a second support shoulder 37 for second friction reducing means for the drive shaft 15.


[0041] In particular, the first friction reducing means comprise a rolling bearing 32 whose outer ring rests on the first shoulder 36, while the inner ring is fitted on the collar 27 of the outer rotor 22.

[0042] Such initial friction reducing means are intended to be of other known types as well, depending on technical needs and requirements.

[0043] Second friction reducing means comprise, for example, a plain bearing 38, said plain bearing 38 being supported on the second shoulder 37 and shaped to accommodate the tip 15a of the drive shaft 15.

[0044] The rolling bearing 32 is locked in position:
  • on one side, by a first axial stop elastic ring 31 configured to receive in support the outer ring of the rolling bearing 32 and to be fixed by interference against the inner surface of the central chamber 13b,
  • and, on the opposite side, by a second axial stop elastic ring 40 configured to receive in support the inner ring of the rolling bearing 32 and to be fixed by interference against the collar 27 of the outer rotor 22.


[0045] The holes 30 on the bottom 25a of the glass-shaped body 25 allow the first axial stop elastic ring 31 to be pushed with a suitable tool, optimising the correct locking of the rolling bearing 32.

[0046] The outer rotor 22 is then supported by the first and second friction reducing means in such a way that the glass-shaped body 25 is positioned cantilevered in the central chamber 13b, supported by the drive shaft 15 and by the collar 27.

[0047] The second compartment 17 comprises a first, lower compartment 17a, shaped to accommodate a first reduction gear 18, as shown in figure 4, and a second compartment 17b, indicated in figure 3, shaped to house a second reduction gear 18a.

[0048] The at least one reduction gear 18 is positioned with its axis of rotation X2 orthogonal to a plane on which the first axis X1 lies.

[0049] In the present embodiment, which is obviously not limiting the invention, the two reduction gears 18 and 18a are positioned with their respective rotation axes X2 and X3 orthogonal to a plane on which the first axis X1 lies.

[0050] The first cover 19 is fixed to the flange 35 by one or more threaded elements 45; such first cover 19 is meant to be capable of being fixed also in another way, for example by means of snap-fitting means, either to the flange 35 or to other parts of the single crankcase 12.

[0051] The second cover 20 is fixed to the single crankcase 12 by means of one or more threaded elements 46; such second cover 20 is meant to be capable of being fixed also in another way, for example by means of snap-fitting means, also to other parts of the single crankcase 12.

[0052] The inner stator 23 is well represented in figures 8 and 9.

[0053] Such an inner stator 23 preferably comprises six cavities 23a and six polar expansions 23b.

[0054] The inner stator 23 has flyer-type windings.

[0055] Such inner stator 23 comprises a main body 47, on which the cavities 23a and the polar expansions 23b are defined, and is crossed by a support bar 29 which crosses the main body 47, via a corresponding through hole, in the direction of the axis X4 of the same main body 47.

[0056] The support bar 29 comprises a first, outer end 29a, i.e. positioned on the side of the cover 19, and a second opposite end 29b.

[0057] These ends 29a and 29b protrude from the main body 47 in the direction of the axis X4.

[0058] The first end 29a is fixed to the flange 35.

[0059] The second end 29b is inserted into the bushing 28.

[0060] The support bar 29 is then supported at the two opposite first 29a and second 29b ends.

[0061] In view of the fact that one object of the invention is also to increase the performance obtainable with the same size, and that the main size is radial, having available a support bar 29 with a relatively small diameter is a crucial advantage.

[0062] In fact, a slender support bar 29 allows the maximum possible radial space to be left for the magnetically active part of the inner stator 23, i.e. the winding and polar expansions.

[0063] However, in order to use a support bar 29 with a small cross-sectional area, it is necessary to have a support at both ends, i.e. the first end 29a and the second end 29b, in order to ensure the necessary rigidity and precision of the centred position of the inner stator 23 when it is stressed by magnetic forces. Such a solution with a support bar 29 supported at the two opposite first 29a and second 29b ends, allows, therefore, to determine a radial space for the magnetically active part which is greater than a solution with a cantilevered support bar, where the support bar must be more robust and therefore must have a diameter with a greater section; a greater radial space involves the possibility of winding skeins with a greater diameter of the wire and/or a greater number of turns, therefore a greater torque available compared to a solution with a cantilevered support bar.

[0064] A plurality of contact terminals 48 configured for welding the ends of the stator coils, are mounted on the main body 47.

[0065] The windings of the inner stator 23 may preferably be of the concentrated type. Such contact terminals 48 comprise a hooking part 48a for the wires of the stator coils and a connection bar 48b extending to connect with a power supply line support 50 of a power supply driver 51.

[0066] In the present embodiment, such support 50 is configured as a plate.

[0067] The hooking part 48a is mechanically bent to trap the wires of the stator coils; subsequently, an electrical welding operation configured to determine melting of the insulating enamel and reliable electrical connection between the wire, or wires, and a corresponding contact terminal 48 is carried out.

[0068] The power supply line support 50 supports the power supply tracks of the electric motor phases, and the power supply and signal transmission tracks of a plurality of sensors 70 described hereinafter.

[0069] Such a support for power supply lines 50 comprises, for example, a printed circuit comprising the power supply tracks of the electric motor phases and the power supply and signal transmission tracks of the sensors 70, and comprising fixing pads for the connection bars 48b of the connection terminals 48; the connection bars 48b are fixed to the respective fixing pads by tinning, or by means of 'press-fit' type connection systems known in themselves.

[0070] The power supply driver 51 comprises a support frame 52, exemplified in figure 12.

[0071] In the present embodiment, such support frame 52 of the power supply driver 51 is positioned alongside the brushless motor 14 and extends longitudinally in a direction parallel to the first axis X1 of the drive shaft 15, as clearly shown in figure 4.

[0072] The power supply driver 51 is intended to be able to have also another different position and equivalent configuration, depending on technical requirements.

[0073] The power supply driver 51 is positioned in a corresponding seat 13d within the single crankcase 12.

[0074] Furthermore, the power supply driver is also intended to be able to be positioned outside a single crankcase instead containing the brushless motor and reduction gears.

[0075] Figure 15 exemplifies a portion of an electric gear motor 110 according to the invention in a variant embodiment thereof.

[0076] In such a variant embodiment, the inner stator 123 is supported by a support bar 129 cantilevered to the support flange 135.

[0077] In such a variant embodiment, therefore, the support bar 129 has a larger diameter and shorter length than the support bar 29 of the previously described variant embodiment.

[0078] The stator of the brushless motors needs an exact power supply sequence of the different phases: it can be three-phase (preferential solution) or, alternatively, single-phase.

[0079] There is a need for a correct power supply phasing with respect to the position of the rotor, which phasing changes based on the speed and, at the same speed, on the load.

[0080] Therefore, the electric gear motor 10 and 110 according to the invention comprises three sensors 70 configured to determine the exact switching sequence for the inner stator 23.

[0081] Such sensors 70, shown in figures 10, 11 and 12, are of the magnetic type. Such sensors 70 are angularly spaced and face the edge of the glass-shaped body 25.

[0082] Such sensors 70 are, for example, Hall effect-type sensors.

[0083] Again alternatively, such sensors 70 may be of the TMR (Magneto-Resistive Tunnel) type.

[0084] Alternatively, such sensors 70 may be of the reluctance-variation (VR) type. The position of the sensors 70 is such that it reflects one of the following situations:
  • being able to read the position of the outer rotor 22 by reading the field variation of the different rotor magnetic poles directly, i.e. the sensors are in front of or at the side of the poles;
  • being able to read the position of the outer rotor 22 by reading the field variation of the different rotor magnetic poles indirectly, i.e. the sensors each face a ferromagnetic flux conductor which in turn projects itself towards the magnetic poles;
  • being able to read the position of the outer rotor 22 by reading the field variation in front of a toothed edge of the glass-shaped body containing the magnetic poles.


[0085] Such sensors 70 may, for example, be connected to the power supply line support 50, as exemplified in figure 10.

[0086] Such sensors 70 are preferably housed in corresponding protection pockets defined on a portion of the support frame 52 of the power supply driver 51. Therefore, by the present invention, an electric gear motor comprising a brushless motor 14 with outer rotor 22, integrated inside the single containment crankcase 12, particularly intended for car seat applications, has been developed.

[0087] Furthermore, by the present invention an electric gear motor has been developed whose inner stator, comprising its contact terminals welded to the ends of the stator coils, and comprising a single body supported by a central support bar, can be made by a fully automated process, the whole combined in a single containment crankcase having the conformation described above. Further features of the present invention are the position of the sensors for detecting the position of the magnetic poles of the outer rotor, the fact that the single containment crankcase is made of plastic material, the fact that the glass-shaped body of the outer rotor is made of sintered iron and contains through-holes at the bottom for pressing the axial stop elastic ring of the bearing into position; such positioning of the axial stop elastic ring would not be possible without the through-holes at the bottom of the glass-shaped body. Thanks to the single crankcase 12 having an input compartment 13a configured to contain a flange 35 for supporting and fixing the inner stator 23, a central chamber 13b shaped to accommodate the glass-shaped body 25 of the outer rotor 22, a first support shoulder 36 for first friction reducing means for the outer rotor 22, an end compartment 13c shaped to house the worm gear 16, and a second shoulder 37 supporting second friction reducing means for the drive shaft 15, it is possible to mount all the components of the brushless motor 14 in sequence according to a single axial mounting direction and according to a single mounting direction.

[0088] Second friction reducing means are therefore firstly introduced, then an assembly comprising the outer rotor 22 with the first friction reducing means and the respective first and second axial stop elastic rings 31 and 40, then the inner stator with the support flange, followed by the power supply driver and finally the first cover 19.

[0089] Thanks to such a structure of the gear motor 10 and 110 according to the invention, it is possible to eliminate the production and assembly line of the motor, which is typical of electric gear motors of the known type.

[0090] From a production point of view, the use of an inner stator is very advantageous, since the inner stator can be made with operations carried out with flyer-type machines that are much faster than other winding machines. The invention has thus developed an electric gear motor which can be made with a manufacturing process much faster than the manufacturing processes for similar gear motors of the known type intended for the same applications.

[0091] In addition, the invention has developed an electric gear motor that advantageously solves another problem existing in the field, namely that of rotor balancing.

[0092] In fact, when you have an inner magnetic rotor, it is very difficult to balance its mass; the balancing of an inner magnetic rotor can be done in a fine way by removing material, taking away as much material as necessary, and with a magnetic rotor this operation is very complicated, almost impossible, if the material is already magnetised, and if it is not already magnetised it is in any case complicated as portions of the magnetic part are removed, altering the functionality and magnetic efficiency thereof.

[0093] Alternatively, the balancing of an inner magnetic rotor can be done in a little refined way, i.e. in a discreet way, by adding specific balancing masses.

[0094] The electric gear motor according to the invention comprises, by means of the glass-shaped body of the outer rotor, an outer rotor whose balancing may be carried out in a fine way; the glass-shaped body, made of sintered metal material, is well suited to be machined externally by removing material, for example by milling surface portions.

[0095] In addition, the invention has developed an electric gear motor capable of expressing higher torques than known gear motors of the same size and for the same applications.

[0096] In particular, an electric gear motor according to the invention can express a power of about four times as much as a similar known gear motor.

[0097] In addition, the inner stator in the three-phase version therefore has three coils, and therefore six ends. Such number of coil ends allows conveniently fixing these coil ends to the contact terminals.

[0098] The invention thus conceived is susceptible of numerous modifications and variants, all of which are within the scope of the inventive concept; moreover, all the details may be replaced by other technically equivalent elements.

[0099] In practice, the components and materials used, as well as the dimensions and shapes, as long as they are compatible with the specific use, can be any according to requirements and the state of the art.

[0100] If the characteristics and techniques mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, these reference signs are to be intended for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and, consequently, such reference signs have no limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by these reference signs.


Claims

1. Electric gear motor (10), particularly for motor vehicles, comprising a containment body (11) within which there are an electric motor with a corresponding drive shaft (15) carrying a worm gear (16), and at least one reduction gear (18), wherein:

- said electric motor comprises a brushless motor (14) of the outer rotor type (22);

- said containment body (11) comprises a single containment crankcase (12), within said single containment crankcase (12) being defined two compartments, a first compartment (13) configured to contain said brushless motor (14) with said corresponding drive shaft (15) carrying a worm gear (16), and a second compartment (17) configured to contain said at least one reduction gear (18) meshed to said worm gear (16),

said containment body (11) also comprising:

- a first cover (19) configured for closing said first compartment (13);

- a second cover (20) configured for closing said second compartment (17), characterized in that

said outer rotor (22) comprises a glass-shaped body (25) within which four magnetic poles (26) are present, said glass-shaped body (25) comprising a bottom (25a) and a side wall (25b),

said outer rotor (22) comprising a collar (27) for fixing said drive shaft (15), said first compartment (13) comprising, from the outside towards the inside:

- an input compartment (13a) configured to contain a flange (35) for supporting and fixing said inner stator (23);

- a central chamber (13b) shaped to house the glass-shaped body (25) of the outer rotor (22);

- a first support shoulder (36) for first friction reducing means for the outer rotor (22);

- an end compartment (13c) shaped to house the worm gear (16);

- a second support shoulder (37) for second friction reducing means for the drive shaft (15),

said outer rotor (22) being supported by said first and by said second friction reducing means in such a way that said glass-shaped body (25) is cantilevered in the central chamber (13b), supported by said drive shaft (15) and by said collar (27),

at the bottom (25a) of said glass-shaped body (25), a bushing (28) being present for supporting and centring a support bar (29) configured to support the inner stator (23),

said support bar (29) comprising a first end (29a), external, i.e. positioned on the side of said cover (19), and a second opposite end (29b),

said first end (29a) being fixed to said flange (35),

said second end (29b) being inserted into said bushing (28).


 
2. Electric gear motor according to claim 1, characterised in that said single containment crankcase (12) consists of a single body made of plastic.
 
3. Electric gear motor according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said four magnetic poles (26) each consist of a radially magnetised tile with polarity facing the stator.
 
4. Electric gear motor according to one or more of claims 1 to 3, characterised in that, in said outer rotor (22), the magnetic poles are integrated in a single tubular body on which, during magnetization of said single tubular body, the width, position and alternate radial orientation of such magnetic poles are defined.
 
5. Electric gear motor according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said brushless motor (14) is configured to rotate at a speed between 3,000 rpm and 20,000 rpm.
 
6. Electric gear motor according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said bottom (25a) has a plurality of through holes (30).
 
7. Electric gear motor according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said first compartment (13) is configured in such a way that, in the direction of a first axis (X1) of said drive shaft (15), it comprises a set of successive inner spaces, said inner spaces being open directly towards each other, said inner spaces having transverse dimensions decreasing from the outside, i.e. from the area of said first cover (19), towards the inside, i.e. towards the area for housing the tip of the drive shaft (15).
 
8. Electric gear motor according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said inner stator (23) has windings of the flyer type.
 
9. Electric gear motor according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises three sensors (70) configured to determine the switching sequence for the inner stator (23), said sensors (70) being alternatively:

- either of the Hall effect type,

- or of the TMR (Magneto-Resistive Tunnel) type,

- or of the Reluctance Variation (VR) type.


 




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