(19)
(11)EP 4 032 977 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 21833442.3

(22)Date of filing:  01.07.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C12N 9/10(2006.01)
C12P 13/02(2006.01)
C12N 15/77(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
C12P 13/02; C12N 15/77; C12N 9/10
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2021/008349
(87)International publication number:
WO 2022/005225 (06.01.2022 Gazette  2022/01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 01.07.2020 KR 20200081194

(71)Applicant: CJ Cheiljedang Corporation
Seoul 04560 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHIN, Kwang Soo
    Seoul 04560 (KR)
  • LEE, Kwang Woo
    Seoul 04560 (KR)
  • SO, Yee-Seul
    Seoul 04560 (KR)
  • JANG, Yeon-Jae
    Seoul 04560 (KR)
  • SHIM, Jihyun
    Seoul 04560 (KR)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)

  


(54)MICROORGANISM HAVING INCREASED ACTIVITY OF 3-METHYL-2-OXOBUTANOATE HYDROXYMETHYLTRANSFERASE, AND USE THEREOF


(57) Provided are: a polypeptide having activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase; a microorganism having increased activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase; a composition for producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, comprising the polypeptide and/or the microorganism, and a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production method comprising a step for culturing the microorganism.


Description

[Technical Field]


Cross-Reference to Related Applications



[0001] This application claims the benefit of KR 10-2020-0081194 filed on July 1, 2020 with the Korean Intellectual Property Office, the entire disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference.

[0002] Provided are a polypeptide having an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase, a microorganism having enhanced activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase, a composition for production of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid comprising the polypeptide and/or microorganism, and a method of producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid comprising culturing the microorganism.

[Background Art]



[0003] Pantothenic acid, which is also called vitamin B5, is a substance belonging to vitamin B complex and one of commercially important substances that are variously applied to cosmetics, medicine, human nutrition, animal nutrition, and the like. Pantothenic acid has a structure in which beta-alanine is linked to pantonic acid by an amide bond.

[0004] Pantothenic acid or pantonic acid may be prepared by chemical synthesis or biotechnologically by fermenting a suitable microorganism in a suitable medium. An advantage of biotechnological preparation methods using microorganisms is that the desired stereo-isomeric D-form of pantothenic acid or pantosan is formed.

[0005] Accordingly, it is required to develop a microorganism having an advantageous effect in biotechnologically producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid and a technology for producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid with high efficiency using the same.

[Prior art documents]


[Patent documents]



[0006] US 7,718,205 B2 (published on 2010.05.18)

[Disclosure]


[Technical Problem]



[0007] An embodiment of the present disclosure provides a polypeptide having an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase. For example, the polypeptide may comprise the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 or an amino acid sequence in which an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid.

[0008] Another embodiment provides a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide.

[0009] Another embodiment provides a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide. The recombinant vector may be an expression vector for expressing the polynucleotide.

[0010] Another embodiment provides a microorganism that has enhanced activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and produces pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid.

[0011] Another embodiment provides a composition for production of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, the composition comprising at least one selected from the group consisting of the polypeptide, the polynucleotide, the recombinant vector, and the microorganism.

[0012] Another embodiment provides a method of producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, comprising culturing the microorganism.

[0013] Another embodiment provides a use of the polypeptide, the polynucleotide, the recombinant vector, and the microorganism in producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid.

[Technical Solution]



[0014] In the present disclosure, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase or a variant thereof that is capable of improving ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production is searched and introduced into a microorganism, whereby a recombinant microorganism having excellent ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production is provided.

[0015] In the present disclosure, it is confirmed that a microorganism expressing 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase derived from E. coli has excellent pantothenic acid production ability, and it is also confirmed that the pantothenic acid production ability is more increased, when an amino acid substitution mutation is introduced at a specific position of the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase derived from E. coli.

[0016] An embodiment provides a polypeptide having an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase. The polypeptide may be a hydroxymethyltransferase derived from E. coli or a variant thereof. For example, the polypeptide may comprise the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 or an amino acid sequence in which an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid.

[0017] Another embodiment provides a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide.

[0018] Another embodiment provides a recombinant vector carrying the polynucleotide. The recombinant vector may be used as an expression vector of the polynucleotide.

[0019] Another embodiment provides a microorganism that has enhanced activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase. The microorganism may produce pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid. The hydroxymethyltransferase may be a hydroxymethyltransferase derived from E. coli or a variant thereof. For example, the hydroxymethyltransferase may comprise the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 or an amino acid sequence in which an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid.

[0020] The microorganism having enhanced activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase may have increased ability of producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, compared with a microorganism that is not subjected to an enhancement of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity and belongs to the same species.

[0021] Another embodiment provides a composition for production of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, the composition comprising at least one selected from the group consisting of the polypeptide, the polynucleotide, the recombinant vector, and the microorganism having enhanced 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity.

[0022] Another embodiment provides a method of producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, comprising culturing the microorganism having enhanced 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity.

[0023] Another embodiment provides a use of the polypeptide, the polynucleotide, the recombinant vector, and the microorganism having enhanced 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity in producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid.

[0024] A detailed description will be given of the present disclosure.

[0025] In the present disclosure, the pantothenic acid (e.g., D-pantothenic acid), which is a compound having a structure of chemical formula 1, is a vitamin (vitamin B5) wherein β-alanine is coupled to pantoic acid by an amide bond. In addition, the pantothenic acid is a component of coenzyme A (CoA) and acyl carrier protein, ACP), and involved in various metabolisms of living bodies.



[0026] The pantoic acid (e.g., D-pantoic acid) is a compound having a structure of chemical formula 2, and acts as a component of various biologically active compounds:



[0027] In the present disclosure, the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes a biosynthesis of tetrahydrofolate and 2-dehydropantoate from 5,10-methylentetrahydrofolate, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate, and water.

[0028] In the present disclosure, the microorganism having enhanced 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity may be a microorganism in which a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding gene is introduced.

[0029] In a specific embodiment, the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase is an E. coli-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase (wild-type) or a variant thereof that is mutated by substitution, deletion, or insertion of at least one amino acid.

[0030] The wild-type E. coli-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase may comprise the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37.

[0031] In an embodiment, the variant of the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase may be a polypeptide wherein an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of E. coli 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase consisting of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid, which is selected from the group consisting of alanine (A, Ala), asparagine (N, Asn), threonine (T, Thr), glutamic acid (E, Glu), serine (S, Ser), valine (V, Val), isoleucine (I, Ile), leucine (L, Leu), aspartic acid (D, Asp), cysteine (C, Cys), glutamine (Q, Gln), methionine (M, Met), phenylalanine (F, Phe), proline (P, Pro), tryptophan (W, Trp), tyrosine (Y, Tyr), arginine (R, Arg), histidine (H, His), lysine (K, Lys), and glycine (G, Gly), and different from the original amino acid. In a specific embodiment, the variant of the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase may be a polypeptide wherein an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid selected from the group consisting of alanine (A, Ala), asparagine (N, Asn), threonine (T, Thr), glutamic acid (E, Glu), serine (S, Ser), valine (V, Val), isoleucine (I, Ile), leucine (L, Leu), aspartic acid (D, Asp), cysteine (C, Cys), glutamine (Q, Gln), and methionine (M, Met). When the variant is further modified by deletion, substitution, modification, and/or insertion at a partial amino acid sequence other than the amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37, the partially further modified variant may also be encompassed within the scope of the variants of the present disclosure, so long as the variant possesses an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and/or an activity of increasing or conferring production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid in a cell (a microorganism).

[0032] In an embodiment, the variant may comprise a polypeptide having sequence homology or identity of 80% or more, 85% or more, 90% or more, 91% or more, 92% or more, 93% or more, 94% or more, 95% or more, 96% or more, 97% or more, 98% or more, or 99% or more with the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 and modified at an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 by substitution with other amino acid. That is, a polypeptide, which (1) is modified at an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 by substitution with other amino acid, (2) has sequence homology or identity of 80% or more, 90% or more, 95% or more, 96% or more, 97% or more, 98% or more, or 99% or more, and less than 100%, with the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37, and (3) possesses an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and/or an activity of increasing or conferring production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid in a cell (a microorganism), may be included within the scope of the variants of the present disclosure.

[0033] In a specific embodiment, the variant of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase may comprise a polypeptide comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO: 62 to SEQ ID NO: 73, but not be limited thereto. When the polypeptide consisting of an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO: 62 to SEQ ID NO: 73 is modified by deletion, substitution, modification, and/or insertion at a partial amino acid sequence other than the amino acid of position 116, the partially modified polypeptide may also be encompassed within the scope of the variants of the present disclosure, so long as the polypeptide possesses an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and/or an activity of increasing or conferring production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid in a cell (a microorganism). In addition, the variant may comprise a polypeptide, wherein the amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 in the amino acid sequence selected from SEQ ID NO: 62 to SEQ ID NO: 73 is fixed, and the polypeptide has sequence homology or identity of 80% or more, 85% or more, 90% or more, 91%or more, 92% or more, 93% or more, 94% or more, 95% or more, 96% or more, 97% or more, 98% or more, or 99% or more with the amino acid sequence selected from SEQ ID NO: 62 to SEQ ID NO: 73. For example, a polypeptide, which is modified from SEQ ID NO: 37 by substitution of an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 with other amino acid, and has sequence homology or identity of 80% or more, 85% or more, 90% or more, 91%or more, 92% or more, 93% or more, 94% or more, 95% or more, 96% or more, 97% or more, 98% or more, or 99% or more, and less than 100%, with the amino acid sequence selected from SEQ ID NO: 62 to SEQ ID NO: 73, and exhibits an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and/or an activity of increasing or conferring production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid in a cell (a microorganism), may be included within the scope of the variants of the present disclosure.

[0034] In the present disclosure, the term "microorganism having enhanced 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity" may be a microorganism which is manipulated (mutated) so as to express the polypeptide exhibiting 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity as aforementioned, whereby the microorganism that does not possess production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid becomes having production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, or the microorganism has higher production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid than its inherent production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid. In the present disclosure, the term "microorganism" may encompass single cell bacteria, and be interchangeable with "cell". In the present disclosure, a microorganism that is not modified or before being modified so as to express the polypeptide exhibiting 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity may be expressed as a parent microorganism (or parent strain) or host cell, in order to being distinguished from the modified microorganism.

[0035] In the present disclosure, the microorganism may be at least one selected from the group consisting of microorganisms belonging to genus Corynebacterium, genus Escherichia, and the like. The microorganism belonging to genus Corynebacterium may include Corynebacterium glutamicum, Corynebacterium ammoniagenes, Brevibacterium lactofermentum, Brevibacterium flavum, Corynebacterium thermoaminogenes, Corynebacterium efficiens, and the like, but not be limited thereto. More specifically, the microorganism belonging to genus Corynebacterium may be Corynebacterium glutamicum. The microorganism belonging to genus Escherichia may be Escherichia coli.

[0036] In the present disclosure, the term "microorganism having enhanced activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase" may refer to a microorganism expressing a polypeptide having a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity, which is modified (manipulated) from a parent strain so as to express a polypeptide having a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity. In an embodiment, the mutation so as to expressing a polypeptide having a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity may be performed by introducing a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide having a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity as described above or a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide into a parent strain. The polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide having a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity, which is introduced into a parent strain, may be one replacing an endogenous 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase gene of the parent strain or one further comprised in addition to the endogenous gene.

[0037] In a specific embodiment, the microorganism expressing the polypeptide with 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity may be the microorganism deposited under accession number KCCM12744P.

[0038] In the present disclosure, with respect to a polynucleotide (used interchangeably with "gene") or a polypeptide (used interchangeably with "protein"), the wordings "comprising a specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence", "consisting of a specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence", and "being represented as a specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence" are interchangeable expressions with the equivalent meanings that the polynucleotide or polypeptide essentially comprises the specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence. Further, these wordings may be construed as "comprising a substantially equivalent sequence" (or as "not excluding introduction of the following mutation"), which results from a mutation (deletion, substitution, modification, and/or addition) to the specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence insofar as the polynucleotide or polypeptide retains its original function and/or desired function.

[0039] In an embodiment, the nucleic acid sequence or amino acid sequence provided in the present disclosure may comprise mutants thereof obtained by conventional mutation methods, for example, direct evolution and/or site-directed mutagenesis insofar as the mutants retain the original function or desired function of the sequence. In an embodiment, the expression that a polynucleotide or polypeptide "comprises or consists of a specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence" may mean that a polynucleotide or polypeptide essentially comprises or consists essentially of (i) the specific nucleic acid or amino acid sequence, or (ii) a nucleic acid or amino acid sequence having a sequence identity of 60% or greater, 70% or greater, 80% or greater, 85% or greater, 90% or greater, 91%or greater, 92% or greater, 93% or greater, 94% or greater, 95% or greater, 96% or greater, 97% or greater, 98% or greater, 99% or greater, 99.5% or greater, or 99.9% or greater, wherein the polynucleotide or polypeptide retains its original function and/or desired function. As used herein, the term "original function" may mean a function of increasing or conferring an ability of producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid.

[0040] For the nucleotide sequences described in the present disclosure, various modifications can be made in the coding regions insofar as they do not change amino acid sequences and/or functions of the polypeptide expressed from the coding regions, due to codon degeneracy or in consideration of the codons preferred by the microorganisms in which the protein are to be expressed.

[0041] In this disclosure, the terms "identity" or "homology" may refer to the degree of relation between two given amino acid sequences or nucleic acid sequences and may be expressed as a percentage (%).For an identity between nucleic acid sequences, the percentage thereof can be determined using, for example, the algorithm BLAST (see Karlin and Altschul, Pro. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 90, 5873 (1993)) or FASTA by Pearson (see Methods Enzymol., 183, 63 (1990)). Programs called BLASTN and BLASTX have been developed on the basis of the algorithm BLAST (see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).

[0042] In an embodiment, a polynucleotide comprising a specific nucleic acid sequence provided herein may be construed to comprise a polynucleotide containing a nucleic acid sequence complementary to the specific nucleic acid sequence as well as a polynucleotide containing the specific nucleic acid sequence or a substantially equivalent nucleic acid sequence thereto. In detail, the complementary polynucleotides can be hybridized at properly adjustable Tm values, for example, at a Tm of 55°C, 60°C, 63°C, or 65°C according to purposes and can be analyzed in the following condition: such conditions are described in detail in known documents. For example, mentions may be made of a condition in which hybridization is made between genes if their homology is 60% or greater, 70% or greater, 80% or greater, 85% or greater, 90% or greater, 91% or greater, 92% or greater, 93% or greater, 94% or greater, 95% or greater, 96% or greater, 97% or greater, 98% or greater, 98% or greater, 99.5% or greater, or 99.9% or greater, but not made if their homology is lower than the values or a typical condition for southern hybridization under which one or more, in detail, two or three washes are performed at the temperature and salt concentration of 60°C, 1x SSC (saline-sodium citrate buffer), and 0.1%(w/v) SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate); 60°C, 0.1×SSC, and 0.1% SDS; or 68°C, 0.1×SSC, and 0.1% SDS, but without limitations thereto. For hybridization, two polynucleotides are required to have complementary sequences to each other. Depending on hybridization stringency, a mismatch or mismatches may be allowed between bases. The term "complementary" may be used to describe a relationship between nucleotide bases that can match up with each other. For DNA, for instance, adenosine is complementary to thymine and cytosine is complementary to guanine. Proper hybridization stringency for polynucleotides may vary, depending on various factors comprising polynucleotide length and complementarity and is well known in the art (see Sambrook et al., 9.50-9.51, 11.7-11.8).

[0043] For the incorporation of a gene or a vector, a person skilled in the art could appropriately adopt a transformation method known in the art. As used herein, the term "transformation" may refer to an action by which a vector carrying a polynucleotide coding for a target protein (e.g., a polypeptide exhibiting an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and/or an activity of increasing or conferring production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, as aforementioned) is introduced into a host microorganism to express the protein encoded by the polynucleotide in the host cell. The introduced polynucleotide may be located inside or outside the chromosome of the host microorganism as long as it is expressed in the host microorganism. In addition, the polynucleotide comprises a DNA or an RNA coding for a target protein. So long as it enables the introduction and expression of the polynucleotide in a host microorganism, any delivery means may be employed. For example, a polynucleotide may take a form of an expression cassette that comprises all the elements necessary for autonomous expression in order that the polynucleotide is introduced into a host cell. The expression cassette may conventionally comprise expression regulatory elements operably linked to the polynucleotide, such as a promoter, a transcription stop signal, a ribosome binding site, and/or a translation stop signal. The expression cassette may be an expression vector that can replicate by itself. In addition, the polynucleotide per se may be introduced into a host cell and may be operably linked to a sequence necessary for expression in the host cell. As used herein, the term "operably linked" means a functional connection between an expression regulatory element (e.g., promoter) and the polynucleotide so that the expression regulatory element can control (e.g., initiate) the transcription of the polynucleotide encoding a target protein (e.g., a polypeptide exhibiting an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase and/or an activity of increasing or conferring production ability of pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, as aforementioned). An operable linkage can be accomplished using a genetic recombination technology known in the art, for example, typical site-specific DNA cleavage and ligation, but without limitations thereto.

[0044] For transformation of a host cell, any method may be employed as long as it allows the transformation of nucleic acids into the host microorganism. Transformation techniques known in the art could be properly selected according to host microorganisms. Examples of the transformation techniques known in the art may include electroporation, calcium phosphate (CaPO4) precipitation, calcium chloride (CaCl2) precipitation, microinjection, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated uptake, DEAE-dextran-mediated delivery, cationic liposome method, lipofection, and lithium acetate-DMSO method, but are not limited thereto.

[0045] A person skilled in the art could select a suitable method for incorporating a polynucleotide into a genome (chromosome) in a cell. For example, the incorporation may be accomplished using an RNA-guided endonuclease system (or CRISPR system); for example, the RNA-guided endonuclease system may be at least one selected from the group consisting of: a mixture of (a) RNA-guided endonuclease (e.g., Cas9 protein, etc.), a gene coding therefor, or a vector carrying the gene; and (b) guide RNA (i.e., single guide RNA (sgRNA), etc.), DNA coding therefor, or a vector carrying the DNA (e.g., a mixture of RNA-guided endonuclease protein and guide RNA), a complex (e.g., ribonucleoprotein (RNP)), a recombinant vector (e.g., a vector comprising RNA-guided endonuclease encoding gene and a DNA coding for guide RNA together, etc.), and the like, but without limitations thereto.

[0046] As used herein, the term "vector" may refer to a DNA construct containing a target protein-encoding nucleotide sequence which is operably linked to a suitable regulatory sequence capable of effecting the expression of the target protein in a suitable host. The regulatory sequences may comprise a promoter to initiate transcription, an optional operator sequence to regulate such transcription, a sequence encoding suitable mRNA ribosome binding sites, and/or sequences which regulate termination of transcription and/or translation. Once transformed into a suitable host cell, the vector may be expressed independently of the genome of the host cell or may integrate into the genome of the host cell.

[0047] So long as it replicates in a host cell, any vector can be employed herein with no particular limitations imparted thereto. It may be selected from among commonly used vectors. Examples of such commonly used vectors may include plasmids, cosmids, viruses, and bacteriophages, which may be in natural or recombinant states. For instance, the phage vector or cosmid vector is exemplified by pWE15, M13, MBL3, MBL4, IXII, ASHII, APII, t10, t11, Charon4A, Charon21A, and the like. The plasmid vectors may be derived from one selected from pBR-, pUC-, pBluescriptll-, pGEM-, pTZ-, pCL- and pET- lineages. Examples of the vector may include, but not be limited to, pDZ, pACYC177, pACYC184, pCL, pECCG117, pUC19, pBR322, pMW118, pCC1BAC, and the like.

[0048] A vector available herein may be a known expression vector and/or a vector for incorporating a polynucleotide into a chromosome of a host cell. The incorporation of a polynucleotide into a chromosome of a host cell may be achieved using any method known in the art, for example, homologous recombination, but with no limitations thereto. The vector may further carry a selection marker for determining whether a gene of interest is incorporated into a chromosome. The selection marker is to select a cell transformed with the vector, that is, to determine the incorporation of the polypeptide and may be selected from among genes that confer selectable phenotypes, such as drug resistance, auxotrophy, cytoxic drug resistance, and expression surface proteins. Under the circumstance where a selective agent is applied to cells, only the cells capable of expressing a selection marker can survive or express a distinctive phenotype so that the transformed cells can be selected.

[0049] Another embodiment provide a method of increasing a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production ability in a microorganism or conferring a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production ability to a microorganism, the method comprising a step of activating a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity of the microorganism.

[0050] The step of activating the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity of the microorganism may comprise a step of introducing a mutation for expressing a polypeptide having 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity into the microorganism.

[0051] The step of introducing the mutation may comprise a step of introducing (transforming) a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide having 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity or a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide, into the microorganism.

[0052] Another embodiment provides a method of producing a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, the method comprising a step of culturing a microorganism having an enhanced3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity as described above, in a medium. The method may further comprising, after the step of culturing, recovering the pantothenic acid or pantoic acid from the cultured microorganism, the medium, or both of them.

[0053] In the method, the step of culturing the microorganism may be performed by known batch culturing methods, continuous culturing methods, fed-batch culturing methods, etc., but with no particular limitation thereto. Here, culture conditions may be maintained at an optimal pH (e.g., a pH of 5 to 9, specifically a pH of 6 to 8, and most specifically a pH of 6.8) using a basic compound (e.g., sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, or ammonia) or an acidic compound (e.g., phosphoric acid or sulfuric acid), or at an aerobic condition by supplying oxygen or oxygen-containing gas mixture to a cell culture, but with no particular limitations thereto. The culture temperature may be maintained at 20 to 45°C or specifically at 25 to 40°C, and the cells may be cultured for about 10 to 160 hours, but with no limitations thereto. The pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid produced by the culturing may be exported to the culture medium or remain within the cells.

[0054] A medium available for the culturing may comprise, but not be limited to, at least one selected from the group consisting of sugar and carbohydrate (e.g., glucose, sucrose, lactose, fructose, maltose, molasses, starch, and cellulose), oil and fat (e.g., soybean oil, sunflower seed oil, peanut oil, and coconut oil), fatty acid (e.g., palmitic acid, stearic acid, and linoleic acid), alcohol (e.g., glycerol and ethanol), and organic acid (e.g., acetic acid), as a carbon source, respectively or in combination. As a nitrogen source, at least one selected from the group consisting of nitrogen-containing organic compounds (e.g., peptone, yeast extract, meat juice, malt extract, corn solution, soybean meal powder, and urea), inorganic compounds (e.g., ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, ammonium phosphate, ammonium carbonate, and ammonium nitrate), and the like, may be comprised respectively or in combination, without being limited thereto. As a phosphorus source, at least one selected from the group consisting of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, dipotassium phosphate, sodium-containing salt corresponding thereto, and the like, may be comprised respectively or in combination, without being limited thereto. In addition, the medium may comprise other essential growth-stimulating substances, such as metal salts (e.g., magnesium sulfate or ferrous sulfate), amino acids, and/or vitamins.

[0055] In the step of recovering the pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid, the pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid of interest may be collected from the medium, the culture solution, or the microorganisms, using a suitable method known in the art according to the culturing method. By way of example, the recovering step may be carried out using at least one method selected from centrifugation, filtration, anion exchange chromatography, crystallization, HPLC, and the like. The method of producing pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid may further comprise a purification step, prior to, simultaneously with, or subsequent to the recovering step.

[Advantageous Effects]



[0056] The present disclosure provides a technology for increasing a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production ability of a microorganism. For this purpose, E. coli-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase or variants thereof is provided. Introduction of a mutation for expressing the E. coli-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase or a variant thereof into a microorganism may result in improving a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production ability of the microorganism, or conferring a pantothenic acid and/or pantoic acid production ability to the microorganism.

[Mode for Invention]



[0057] Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be described in more detail with examples, but these examples are only for illustrative purpose and are not intended to limit the scope of the disclosure. It is clear to a person skilled in the art that the examples described below may be modified without departing from the spirit of the disclosure.

Example 1) Screening and selection of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase genes



[0058] As a result of conducting NCBI BLAST searching using the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding gene (panB) of Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032 as a query, candidate genes, which are estimated as having a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding gene activity, and microorganisms comprising the candidate gene were selected. Among the microorganisms, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding genes, which are derived from microorganisms having biosafety level 1 among the microorganisms, were selected and summarized in Table 1:
[Table 1]
Microorganisms expected as comprising 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding gene and primers/plasmids used in selecting the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase genes
 Microorganism nameKCTC Accession No.primersplasmid
1 Escherichia coli ATCC47076 SEQ ID NO: 1, 2 pECCG117-panB(EC)
2 Bacillus subtilis KCTC3135(AT CC 6051) SEQ ID NO: 3, 4 pECCG117-panB(BS)
3 Pantoea agglomerans KCTC2564(AT CC27155 SEQ ID NO: 5, 6 pECCG117 - panB(PA)
4 Serratia rubidaea KCTC2927(AT CC27593) SEQ ID NO: 7, 8 pECCG117-panB(SR)
5 Serratia proteamaculans KCTC2936(AT CC19323 SEQ ID NO: 9, 10 pECCG117 - panB(SP)
6 Pseudomonas resinovorans KCTC 12498(A TCC14235) SEQ ID NO: 11, 12 pECCG117 - panB(PR)
7 Pedobacter terrae KCTC12762(D SM17933) SEQ ID NO: 13, 14 pECCG117-panB(PT)
8 Citrobacter bitternis KCTC42139(J CM30009) SEQ ID NO: 15, 16 pECCG117-panB(CB)
9 Enterobacter cloacae KCTC2519(AT CC23355) SEQ ID NO: 17, 18 pECCG117 - panB(ECl)
10 Achromobacter piechaudii KCTC22890(A TCC43552) SEQ ID NO: 19, 20 pECCG117-panB(AP)
11 Staphylococcus epidermidis KCTC1917(AT CC12228) SEQ ID NO: 21, 22 pECCG117-panB(SE)
12 Shigella flexneri KCTC12073 SEQ ID NO: 23, 24 pECCG117-panB(SF)
13 Corynebacteriu m glutamicum KCTC9097(AT CC13032) SEQ ID NO: 25, 26 pECCG117-panB(CG)

Example 2) Preparation of microorganism belonging to genus Corynebacterium to which foreign microorganism derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase is introduced



[0059] After extracting genomes from the microorganisms obtained in Example 1, a PCR was performed using the genomes as templates and using the primers of Table 1, to amplify DNA fragments encoding 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase. The PCR was conducted using PfuUltraTM high-fidelity DNA polymerase (Stratagene), by repeating 30 cycles of denaturing at 95°C for 30 seconds; annealing at 55°C for 30seconds; and polymerizing at 72°C for 1 minute. As the results, each 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding DNA fragment (panB) was obtained.

[0060] To prepare Corynebacterium glutamicum derived PLM1 promoter, a PCR was performed using the genome DNA of Corynebacterium glutamicum (ATCC13032) as a template and using primers of SEQ ID NOS: 27 and 28 under the above conditions, to obtain the promoter DNA fragment.

[0061] pECCG117 vector (Korean Patent No. 10-0057684), which was treated with restriction enzyme BamHI followed by heat treatment at 65°C for 20 minutes, and the above obtained DNA fragments (each panB, PLM1 promoter) were mixed in a ratio of 2:1:1 (pECCG117 vector:panB:PLM1) based on a molar concentration (M), and cloned using Infusion Cloning Kit (TaKaRa) according to manufacturer's manual, to obtain plasmids. Names of the obtained plasmids and gene information which was introduced thereto were summarized in Table 1.

[0062] The 13 obtained vectors were transformed into Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 by electroporation, thereby preparing strains expressing exogenous PanB (3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase).

Example 3) Examination of pantothenic acid production ability of foreign microorganism-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase expressing microorganism belonging to genus Corynebacterium



[0063] In order to examine pantothenic acid productivity of the strains expressing various foreign microorganism-derived panB prepared in Example 2, the strains and a parent strain (non-transformed strain) were respectively inoculated into a 250 ml corner-baffle flask containing 25 ml of a production medium, and then, cultured at 32°C for 48 hours with shaking at 200 rpm, to produce pantothenic acid.

<Production medium >



[0064] glucose 10%, beta-alanine 0.5%, yeast extract 0.4%, ammonium sulfate 1.5%, monopotassium phosphate 0.1%, magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 0.05%, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 10mg/L, manganese sulfate monohydrate 6.7 mg/L, biotin 50 µg/L, thiamine·HCl 100 µg /L, pH 7.2

[0065] The obtained culture solution was centrifuged at 20,000rcf for 10 minutes, and then, the supernatant liquid was diluted to 1/10 with TDW (triple distilled water) and subjected to HPLC analysis to measure the concentrations of pantothenic acid and L-valine. The obtained results are shown in Table 2 below.
[Table 2]
 pantothenic acid concentration (g/L)L-valine concentration (g/L)
ATCC13032 (wild-type) 0.0 2.4
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(EC) 1.2 1.5
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(BS) 0.5 1.9
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(PA) 0.6 2.0
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(SR) 0.7 1.8
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(SP) 0.3 2.2
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(PR) 0.7 1.9
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(PT) 0.7 2.0
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(CB) 0.7 2.0
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(ECI) 0.6 2.1
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(AP) 0.6 1.9
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(SE) 0.5 2.0
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(SF) 0.7 1.9
ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(CG) 0.6 2.0


[0066] As shown in Table 2, the parent strain, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032, does not produce pantothenic acid, whereas all the tested foreign microorganism-derived panB expressing Corynebacterium glutamicum strains produced pantothenic acid of about 0.6 g/L in average. In particular, among the foreign microorganism-derived panB expressing strains, foreign E. coli-derived PanB expressing strain, ATCC13032 pECCG117-panB(EC), exhibited the highest pantothenic acid productivity (1.2 g/L).

[0067] The above results show that all 13 microorganism-derived enzymes (3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferases) selected in Example 1 exhibit pantothenic acid production ability, and among them, E. coli-derived enzyme hasspecially high pantothenic acid production ability.

Example 4) Preparation of microorganism belonging to genus Corynebacterium to which E. coli-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase gene is introduced



[0068] A plasmid was prepared for introducing an E. coli-derived 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase coding gene (panB), which was evidenced as having excellent pantothenic acid production ability in Example 3, into Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032.

[0069] First, a vector for deleting panB present in the parent strain (wild-type) was constructed. A PCR was performed using the genome DNA of Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032 as a template and using the primers of SEQ ID NOS: 29 and 30, and SEQ ID NOS: 31 and 32. The PCR was performed by repeating 25 cycles of denaturing at 95°C for 30 seconds; annealing at 55°C for 30 seconds; and polymerization at 72°C for 1 minute. As a result, a gene fragment of 1000 bp at upstream region of the panB gene and a gene fragment of 1000 bp at downstream region of the panB gene were obtained, respectively. Each amplification product was purified using QIAGEN's PCR purification kit and used as an insert DNA fragment for vector construction.

[0070] pDZ vector (US 9109242 B2), which was treated with restriction enzyme smal followed by heat treatment at 65°C for 20 minutes, and the DNA fragments (the gene fragment of 1000 bp at upstream region of the panB gene and a gene fragment of 1000 bp at downstream region of the panB gene panB) were mixed in a ratio of 2:1:1 based on a molar concentration (M), and cloned using Infusion Cloning Kit (TaKaRa) according to manufacturer's manual, to construct pDZ_ΔpanB vector for deleting the panB gene from the chromosome.

[0071] To provide an E. coli-derived panB gene, a PCR was performed using plasmid pECCG117-panB(EC) prepared in Example 2 as a template and using primers of SEQ ID NOS: 33 and 34. The PCR was performed by repeating 25 cycles of denaturing at 95°C for 30 seconds; annealing at 55°C for 30 seconds; and polymerization at 72°C for 1 minute. As a result, a DNA fragment of 1077bp was obtained. The pDZ_ΔpanB vector, which was treated with restriction enzyme smal followed by heat treatment at 65°C for 20 minutes, and the above obtained DNA fragment, were mixed in a ratio of 1:2 based on a molar concentration (M), and cloned using Infusion Cloning Kit (TaKaRa) according to manufacturer's manual, to construct pDZ_ΔpanB::PLM1-panB(EC) vector for introducing the E. coli-derived panB gene into the chromosome.

[0072] Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 was transformed with each of the constructed vectors pDZ_ΔpanB and pDZ_ΔpanB::panB(EC), and then subjected to a secondary crossover, thereby preparing a strain (ΔpanB strain) in which panB was deleted from its chromosome and a strain (ΔpanB::panB(EC) strain) in which panB was deleted from its chromosome and the E. coli-derived panB gene was introduced into the chromosome, respectively. A proper substitution with E. coli-derived panB gene was confirmed by MASA (Mutant Allele Specific Amplification) PCR method (Takeda et al., Hum. Mutation, 2, 112-117 (1993)) using primer combinations as below. Than is, a first determination was made by selecting strains that were amplified using a primer combination suitable for E. coli, SEQ ID NOS: 35 and 28, and SEQ ID NOS: 36 and 1, and then, a second conformation was made by analyzing the sequence of panB gene of the selected strains using a primer combination of SEQ ID NO: 35 and SEQ ID NO: 36.

[0073] To examine pantothenic acid production abilities of the above obtained mutants, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 wild-type strains, ΔpanB strains, and ΔpanB::panB(EC) mutants were respectively inoculated into 250 ml corner-baffle flask containing 25 ml of a production medium (referring to Example 3), and then, cultured at 32°C for 48 hours with shaking at 200 rpm, to produce pantothenic acid.

[0074] The obtained culture solution was centrifuged at 20,000rcf for 10 minutes, and then, the supernatant liquid was diluted to 1/10 with TDW (triple distilled water) and subjected to HPLC analysis to measure the concentrations of pantothenic acid and L-valine. The obtained results are shown in Table 3 below.
[Table 3]
 pantothenic acid concentration (g/L)L-valine concentration (g/L)
ATCC13032 (wild-type) 0.1 1.9
ATCC13032 ΔpanB 0.0 2.7
ATCC13032 ΔpanB ::panB(EC) 0.4 1.3


[0075] As shown in Table 3, wild-type Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 and the panB deleted (ΔpanB) strain displayed no or very poor production of pantothenic acid, whereas the foreign panB-expressing mutant Corynebacterium glutamicum (ΔpanB::panB(EC) strain) produced pantothenic acid at the concentration of 0.4g/L.

Example 5) Preparation of randomly mutated strains by artificial mutation (NTG-based mutation) and selection of panB-producing strains



[0076] In this example, in order to obtain microorganism mutants with more enhanced pantothenic acid production ability, a mutation of microorganism was induced as follows.

[0077] More specifically, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC ΔpanB::panB(EC) strains were activated by being cultured in an activation medium for 16 hours, inoculated on a seed medium sterilized at 121°C for 15 minutes and cultured for 14 hours, and then, 5ml of the obtained culture solution was collected. The collected culture solution was washed with 100 mM citric acid buffer, NTG (N-Methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine) was added thereto so that its final concentration reaches to 200 mg/L and left for 20 minutes, and then, the resulted product was washed with 100 mM phosphate buffer. The NTG-treated strains were smeared on minimal medium, and their death rate was measured as 85%. The survived cells were inoculated and cultured on a production medium, and finally, a mutant exhibiting excellent pantothenic acid productivity were selected and named as Corynebacterium glutamicum CJVB5-01.

[0078] The compositions of the media used in this example were as follows:

<Activation medium>
beef extract 1%, polypeptone 1%, sodium chloride 0.5%, yeast extract 1%, agar 2%, pH 7.2

<Seed medium >
glucose 5%, Bacto peptone 1%, sodium chloride 0.25%, yeast extract 1%, urea 0.4%, pH 7.2

<Production medium >
glucose 10%, beta-alanine 0.5%, yeast extract 0.4%, ammonium sulfate 1.5%, monopotassium phosphate 0.1%, magnesium sulfate heptahydrate 0.05%, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 10mg/L, manganese sulfate monohydrate 6.7 mg/L, biotin 50 µg/L, thiamine·HCl 100 µg/L, pH 7.2

<Minimal medium >
glucose 1.0%, ammonium sulfate 0.4%, magnesium sulfate 0.04%, monopotassium phosphate 0.1%, urea 0.1%, thiamine 0.001%, biotin 200 µg/L, agar 2%, pH 7.2



[0079] To examine pantothenic acid production ability of the above obtained mutant Corynebacterium glutamicum CJVB5-01, Corynebacterium glutamicum ΔpanB strain, ΔpanB::panB(EC) strain, and CJVB5-01 mutant were respectively inoculated into 250 ml corner-baffle flask containing 25 ml of a production medium, and then, cultured at 32°C for 48 hours with shaking at 200 rpm, to produce pantothenic acid.

[0080] The obtained culture solution was centrifuged at 20,000rcf for 10 minutes, and then, the supernatant liquid was diluted to 1/10 with TDW (triple distilled water) and subjected to HPLC analysis to measure the concentrations of pantothenic acid and L-valine. The obtained results are shown in Table 4 below.
[Table 4]
Pantothenic acid productivity of NTG-based mutated strains
 pantothenic acid concentration (g/L)L-valine concentration (g/L)
ATCC13032 ΔpanB 0.0 2.4
ATCC13032 ΔpanB ::panB(EC) 0.3 1.4
CJVB5-01 1.2 1.0


[0081] As shown in Table 4, Corynebacterium glutamicum ΔpanB did not produce pantothenic acid, whereas foreign panB-inserted Corynebacterium glutamicum ΔpanB::panB(EC) strain produced pantothenic acid at the concentration of 0.3g/L and the Corynebacterium glutamicum CJVB5-01 mutant produced pantothenic acid at the concentration of 1.2g/L. From these results, it was confirmed that Corynebacterium glutamicum CJVB5-01 mutant displays more excellent pantothenic acid productivity.

[0082] From the genome sequencing result of the Corynebacterium glutamicum CJVB5-01 mutant, it was confirmed that the inserted E. coli panB gene is mutated, so as to encode a variant of wild-type E. coli 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase (SEQ ID NO: 37), to which G116A mutation (substitution of the amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37, G(Gly), with A(Ala)) is introduced. Hereinafter, the indication of an amino acid mutation using amino acid position, such as 'G116A', may be understood to mean an amino acid mutation and/or a genetic mutation leading to such amino acid mutation.

[0083] The amino acid sequence of the E. coli 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase variant, to which G116A mutation is introduced, was indicated as SEQ ID NO: 62.

[0084] From the results, it was confirmed that the mutant obtained through the random mutagenesis method can produce pantothenic acid with high efficiency and high yield without inhibiting the pathway for pantothenic acid synthesis from pyruvic acid.

Example 6) Preparation of mutant PanB plasmid having 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity



[0085] In order to examine that the amino acid residue at position 116, which is a mutation position of the E. coli PanB (3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase) and confirmed as affecting pantothenic acid productivity through Example 5, is important in increasing the pantothenic acid productivity, variants in which the position is substitution with various other amino acids were prepared and the effects thereof were examined. Using pECCG117-panB(EC)(referring to Table 1) prepared in Example 2 as a template and using primers of Table 5 below, 19 variants having a random mutation (saturated mutagenesis) in which the amino acid of position 116 of E. coli PanB (SEQ ID NO: 37), G(Gly), is substituted with other amino acid (that is, the variants are mutated by introducing mutated panB gene encoding the randomly mutated E. coli PanB) were prepared. The substituted amino acids of the variant mutated by each saturated mutagenesis and primers used therefor are summarized in Table 5 below:
[Table 5]
TemplateAmino acid substitutionPrimers used
pECCG117-panB(EC) G116S SEQ ID NO: 27, 38/39, 28
G116C SEQ ID NO: 27, 40/41, 28
G116L SEQ ID NO: 27, 42/43, 28
G116I SEQ ID NO: 27, 44/45, 28
G116T SEQ ID NO: 27, 46/47, 28
G116V SEQ ID NO: 27, 48/49, 28
G116M SEQ ID NO: 27, 50/51, 28
G116D SEQ ID NO: 27, 52/53, 28
G116E SEQ ID NO: 27, 54/55, 28
G116N SEQ ID NO: 27, 56/57, 28
G116Q SEQ ID NO: 27, 58/59, 28
G116A SEQ ID NO: 27, 60/61, 28


[0086] In particular, a PCR was performed using primers presented in Table 5 and using pECCG117-panB(EC) (Table 1) prepared in Example 2 as a template. As a polymerase, Solg Pfu-X DNA polymerase (SolGent co., Ltd.) was employed. The PCR was performed by repeating 25 cycles of denaturing at 95°C for 10 minutes, followed by denaturing at 95°C for 30 seconds, annealing at 55°C for 30 seconds, and polymerizing at 72°C for 1 minute. As a result, DNA fragments of 610bp of 5' upstream region and 470bp of 3' downstream region centering the mutation site of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase gene were obtained.

[0087] pECCG117 vector (Korean Patent No. 10-0057684), which was treated with restriction enzyme BamHI followed by heat treatment at 65°C for 20 minutes, and the above obtained DNA fragments (5' upstream 610bp DNA fragment and 3' downstream 470bp DNA fragment) were mixed in a ratio of 2:1:1 based on a molar concentration (M), and cloned using Infusion Cloning Kit (TaKaRa) according to manufacturer's manual, to obtain 19 mutant plasmids for introducing mutated panB. The information of the 19 mutant plasmids was summarized in Table 6.
[Table 6]
Mutation positionAmino acid substitutionMutant plasmid prepared for inducing the amino acid substitution
amino acid residue at position 116 of PanB (SEQ ID NO: 37) G116S pECCG117-panB(G116S)
G116C pECCG117-panB(G116C)
G116L pECCG117-panB(G116L)
G116I pECCG117-panB(G1161)
G116T pECCG117 -panB(G116T)
G116V pECCG117-panB(G116V)
G116M pECCG117-panB(G116M)
G116D pECCG117-panB(G116D)
G116E pECCG117-panB(G116E)
G116N pECCG117-panB(G116N)
G116Q pECCG117-panB(G116Q)
G116A pECCG117-panB(G116A)

Example 7) Measurement of pantothenic acid productivity of panB variants having muta3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity



[0088] The mutant plasmid prepared in Example 6 and pECCG117-panB (WT-EC) (Table 1) were respectively introduced into the ATCC13032 ΔpanB strain prepared in Example 4 by electric pulse method, and then, smeared on a selective medium containing 25 mg/L of kanamycin, to obtain a total of 19 transformed mutant strains to which each random mutation (saturated mutagenesis) was introduced. Thereafter, a flask test was performed in the same manner as in Example 3, and pantothenic acid production abilities of the transformed mutant strains were measured. The results are shown in Table 7:
[Table 7]
Strainpantothenic acid (g/L)
Batch 1Batch 2Batch 3Average
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB (control) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116S) 1.5 1.9 1.6 1.7
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116C) 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116L) 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G1161) 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116T) 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.4
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116V) 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.6
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116M) 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116D) 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116E) 1.9 1.2 2.1 1.7
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116N) 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116Q) 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116A) 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.8
ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(WT) 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9


[0089] As shown in Table 7, ATCC13032 ΔpanB strain did not produce pantothenic acid, whereas all the mutant strains to which E. coli PanB (wild-type) or a variant thereof is introduced displayed pantothenic acid production ability. In addition, the mutant strain to which mutation G116S, G116C, G116L, G116I, G116T, G116V, G116D, G116E, G116N, G116A, G116M, or G116Q is introduced produced pantothenic acid at higher level compared with ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(WT) which is a mutant strain having E. coli PanB (wild-type). As a result, it was confirmed that both wild-type and mutant forms of E. coli PanB exhibit the effect of increasing pantothenic acid production, in particular, the amino acid residue at position 116 of PanB (SEQ ID NO: 37) is an important position in pantothenic acid production, and when the amino acid at this position is substituted with various amino acids different from the original, the production ability of pantothenic acid was further increased.

[0090] ATCC 13032 ΔpanB pECCG117-panB(G116A) strain (called as Corynebacterium glutamicum CV03-5001), which is confirmed as having the most excellent pantothenic acid producing ability in this example, was deposited with the Korea Culture Center of Microorganisms located in Hongje-dong, Seodaemungu, Seoul, Korea, a depository institution under the Budapest Treaty, on June 8, 2020, and given the accession number KCCM12744P.

[0091] From the above description, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present disclosure may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. In this regard, it should be understood that the embodiments described above are illustrative in all aspects and not restrictive. The scope of the present application is to be interpreted as being within the scope of the present application, all changes or modifications derived from the meaning and scope of the appended Claim s and from their equivalents rather than the detailed description.

Depository institution: Korea Culture Center of Microorganisms

Accession number: KCCM12744P

Accession date: 20200608


























































Claims

1. A polypeptide having an activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase, wherein an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid.
 
2. The polypeptide of claim 1, wherein the amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with alanine (A, Ala), asparagine (N, Asn), threonine (T, Thr), glutamic acid (E, Glu), serine (S, Ser), valine (V, Val), isoleucine (I, Ile), leucine (L, Leu), aspartic acid (D, Asp), cysteine (C, Cys), glutamine (Q, Gln), or methionine (M, Met).
 
3. The polypeptide of claim 1, consisting of the amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO: 62 to SEQ ID NO: 73.
 
4. A polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide of any one of claims 1 to 3.
 
5. A recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide of claim 4.
 
6. A microorganism producing a pantothenic acid or pantoic acid, which has an enhanced activity of 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase activity.
 
7. The microorganism of claim 6, wherein the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase is PanB protein derived from Escherichia Coli.
 
8. The microorganism of claim 6, wherein the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 or an amino acid sequence wherein an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid.
 
9. The microorganism of claim 6, wherein the microorganism belongs to the genus of Corynebacterium or Escherichia.
 
10. The microorganism of claim 9, wherein the microorganism belonging to the genus of Corynebacterium is Corynebacterium glutamicum.
 
11. The microorganism of claim 6, comprising the polypeptide of any one of claims 1 to 3, a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide, or a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide.
 
12. A composition for producing a pantothenic acid or pantoic acid, comprising at least one selected from the group consisting of the polypeptide of any one of claims 1 to 3, a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide, a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide, and the microorganism of any one of claims 6 to 10.
 
13. The composition for producing a pantothenic acid or pantoic acid of claim 12, wherein the microorganism comprises a polypeptide consisting of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 or an amino acid sequence wherein an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid, a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide, or a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide.
 
14. A method of producing a pantothenic acid or pantoic acid, comprising:
culturing the microorganism of any one of claims 6 to 10 in a medium.
 
15. The method of producing pantothenic acid or pantoic acid of claim 14, further comprising, after the step of culturing,
recovering the pantothenic acid or pantoic acid from the cultured microorganism, the medium, or both of them.
 
16. The method of producing a pantothenic acid or pantoic acid of claim 14, wherein the microorganism comprises a polypeptide consisting of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 or an amino acid sequence wherein an amino acid corresponding to position 116 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 37 is substituted with other amino acid, a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide, or a recombinant vector comprising the polynucleotide.
 





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