(19)
(11)EP 4 037 109 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
03.08.2022 Bulletin 2022/31

(21)Application number: 21217687.9

(22)Date of filing:  24.12.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01R 12/71(2011.01)
H01R 43/02(2006.01)
H01R 12/73(2011.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H01R 12/73; H01R 43/0256; H01R 43/0263; H01R 12/716; H05K 3/3436; H05K 2201/10189; H05K 1/144
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 24.12.2020 CN 202011549516

(71)Applicant: Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 144-8581 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • ITO, Toshiyasu
    Tokyo, 1448581 (JP)
  • TAKAI, Yosuke
    Tokyo, 1448581 (JP)

(74)Representative: Ipside 
7-9 Allées Haussmann
33300 Bordeaux Cedex
33300 Bordeaux Cedex (FR)

  


(54)CONNECTOR SET AND CAP


(57) According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, a connector set is provided. The connector set includes: a socket type connector (1) as a first connector; a first cap (100) to be attached to the socket type connector (1) when the socket type connector (1) is reflow-mounted on the first substrate (51); a plug type connector (2) as a second connector; and a second cap (200) to be attached to the plug type connector (2) when the plug type connector (2) is reflow-mounted on the second substrate (52) formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first substrate (51), wherein the second cap (200) is formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first cap (100).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present disclosure relates to a high-speed transmission connector to be mounted on a circuit board, in particular, to a mezzanine connector that electrically connects different circuit boards.

Background of the Invention



[0002] Among connectors for mediating high-speed transmission of signals between a circuit board and an expansion board, there is a type of connector in which the connector mounted on the circuit board side is a socket type, the connector mounted on the expansion board side is a plug type, and the terminals of both connectors are electrically connected by fitting the plug type connector to the frontage of the socket type connector. As an example, this type of connector is called mezzanine connector.

[0003] As an example of documents disclosing a technique related to this type of connector, Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2018-113146 (hereinafter referred to as "Patent Document 1") can be taken up. The connector described in this document has a box-shaped housing and contacts arranged side by side on its wall surface. The bottom surface of the housing of this connector is provided with a boss inserted into a positioning hole in a circuit board, and contacts are provided at the frontage on the side opposite to the side with the boss in the housing. The reflow mounting of this type of connector on a board is performed by placing the connector at a predetermined position on the board with the cap attached, raising the temperature from ordinary temperature to about 260 degrees to melt the solder, and returning it to ordinary temperature.

[0004] The problem with this type of mezzanine connector is that when the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the circuit board on which the socket type connector is mounted, and the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the circuit board on which the plug type connector is mounted is large, mounting position deviation of the socket type connector and the plug type connector becomes larger after reflow.

[0005] The present disclosure has been made in view of such a problem, and one of the objects is to absorb the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the circuit board on which the socket type connector is mounted and the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the circuit board on which the plug type connector is mounted, and reduce the mounting position error.

Summary of the invention



[0006] In accordance with a first aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a connector set including: a first connector; a first cap to be attached to the first connector when the first connector is reflow-mounted on a first external substrate; a second connector; and a second cap to be attached to the second connector when the second connector is reflow-mounted on a second external substrate formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first external substrate, wherein the second cap is formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first cap.

[0007] In this aspect, the first connector may include a first housing with a slot and a plurality of contacts arranged in the slot, the second connector may include a second housing with a header to be fitted in the slot. The first connector may be arranged in a direction orthogonal to an extending direction of the slot and held by the first cap, and the second connector may be arranged in a direction orthogonal to an extending direction of the header and held by the second cap.

[0008] Further, the relation of the ratio α11/α10 of a thermal expansion coefficient α11 to a thermal expansion coefficient α10 and the ratio α21/α20 of the thermal expansion coefficient α21 to a thermal expansion coefficient α20 may be α11/α10 ≈ α21/α20, here the thermal expansion coefficient α11 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the first cap in an arrangement direction of the first connector, the thermal expansion coefficient α10 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the first external substrate, the thermal expansion coefficient α21 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the second cap in an arrangement direction of the second connector, and the thermal expansion coefficient α20 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the second external substrate.

[0009] Further, the number of the slots in one first connector may be two, and the number of the headers in one second connector may be two.

[0010] Further, among the contacts respectively disposed on both sides of the slots and the headers, the position of the contact on one side and the position of the contact on the other side may be shifted by 1/2 contact.

[0011] Further, the first housing and the second housing may have a rotationally asymmetrical shape as viewed from the fitting direction.

[0012] Further, the first housing may include a bottom portion, first wall portions facing each other in a first direction orthogonal to the fitting direction, and second wall portions facing each other in a second direction orthogonal to the fitting direction and the first direction, so as to surround the slot. The slot may be separated into a plurality of slots by a partition wall extending along the first direction, one end portion of the partition wall may be connected to one first wall portion of the two first wall portions on both sides of the first direction, the other end portion of the partition wall may be not connected to the other first wall portion. A gap may be formed between the other end portion of the partition wall and the other first wall portion. The second housing may include a plurality of headers. The plurality of headers may extend in the first direction, and a fitting plate portion to be fitted in the gap may be provided between the adjacent one end portions of the plurality of headers in the first direction.

[0013] In accordance with a second aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a connector set including: a first connector; a first cap to be attached to the first connector when the first connector is reflow-mounted on a first external substrate; a second connector; and a second cap to be attached to the second connector when the second connector is reflow-mounted on a second external substrate formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first external substrate, the first cap and the second cap are formed of different materials in such a manner that a mounting position error is less than 0.15 mm when the first cap is reflow-mounted on the first external substrate and the second cap is reflow-mounted on the second external substrate.

[0014] In accordance with a third aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a cap including: a first cap to be attached to a first connector when the first connector is reflow-mounted on a first external substrate; a second connector; and a second cap to be attached to the second connector when the second connector is reflow-mounted on a second external substrate formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first external substrate, wherein the second cap is formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first cap.

[0015] In this aspect, the relation of the ratio α11/α10 of the thermal expansion coefficient α11 to the thermal expansion coefficient α10 and the ratio α21/α20 of the thermal expansion coefficient α21 to the thermal expansion coefficient α20 may be α11/α10 ≈ α21/α20, here the thermal expansion coefficient α11 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the first cap in an arrangement direction of the first connector, the thermal expansion coefficient α10 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the first external substrate, the thermal expansion coefficient α21 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the second cap in an arrangement direction of the second connector, and the thermal expansion coefficient α20 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the second external substrate..

Brief description OF DRAWINGS



[0016] 

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of socket type connectors 1 and plug type connectors 2 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the socket type connectors 1 of Fig. 1 and a first cap 100 to be attached to the socket type connectors 1;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the plug type connectors 2 of Fig. 1 and a second cap 200 to be attached to the plug type connectors 2;

Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the socket type connector 1 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is an exploded view of the plug type connector 2 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a first housing 10 of the socket type connector 1 of Fig. 4;

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a second housing 20 of the plug type connector 2 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a solder tab terminal 7 of the socket type connector 1 of Fig. 4 and the plug type connector 2 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 9 is a perspective view of contacts 8 of the socket type connector 1 of Fig. 4 and the plug type connector 2 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the first cap 100 of Fig. 2 as viewed from an opposite side;

Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the second cap 200 of Fig. 3 as viewed from an opposite side;

Fig. 12A is a line sectional view of a cut surface parallel to the XZ plane of Fig. 1;

Fig. 12B is an enlarged view inside the F frame of Fig. 12A;

Fig. 13A is a diagram of Fig. 1 as viewed from the -Z side;

Fig. 13B is a sectional view taken along line D-D;

Fig. 13C is an enlarged view inside the E frame of Fig. 13B;

Fig. 14 is a sectional view of a cut surface parallel to the XZ plane, while the first cap 100 is attached to the socket type connector 1; and

Fig. 15 is a diagram showing each state of expansion during reflow of the three types of connectors in the disclosure, (A) shows a state of expansion during reflow of the socket type connector 1; (B-1) shows a state of expansion during reflow of the plug type connector 2 when the thermal expansion coefficient of the socket type connector 1 is almost the same as the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the plug type connector 2; and (B-2) shows a state of expansion during reflow of the plug type connector 2 when the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the plug type connector 2 is smaller than the thermal expansion coefficient of the socket type connector 1.


Detailed Description of Embodiments



[0017] Hereafter, a socket type connector 1, a plug type connector 2, a first cap 100, and a second cap 200 that form a connector set according to one embodiment of the present disclosure will be explained with reference to drawings. A plurality of (four in the example of Fig. 1) socket type connectors 1 and plug type connectors 2 are arranged side by side, and are respectively mounted on a first substrate 51 and a second substrate 52. The second substrate 52 is formed of a material with a lower thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first substrate 51. For example, the material of the first substrate 51 is FR4 (Flame Retardant Type 4), and the material of the second substrate 52 is ceramic.

[0018] When headers 29 of the plug type connectors 2 on the second substrate 52 are fitted into slots 19 of the socket type connectors 1 on the first substrate 51, the contacts 8 of the socket type connectors 1 are electronically connected to the contacts 8 of the plug type connector 2, and high speed differential transmission based on PAM (Pulse Amplitude Modulation) becomes possible.

[0019] The first cap 100 is attached to the socket type connectors 1 when the socket type connectors 1 are reflow-mounted on the first substrate 51. The second cap 200 is attached to the plug type connectors 2 when the plug type connectors 2 are reflow-mounted on the second substrate 52.

[0020] In the following description, the fitting direction of the plug type connector 2 to the socket type connector 1 is appropriately referred to as the Z direction, the direction orthogonal to the Z direction is appropriately referred to as the X direction, and the direction orthogonal to the Z direction and the X direction is appropriately referred to as the Y direction. In addition, the +Z side may be referred to as an upper side, the -Z side may be referred to as a lower side, the +X side may be referred to as a front side, the -X side may be referred to as a rear side, the +Y side may be referred to as a left side, and the -Y side may be referred to as a right side.

[0021] As shown in Fig. 4, the socket type connector 1 has a first housing 10, solder tab terminals 7 and contacts 8. As shown in Fig. 5, the plug type connector 2 has a second housing 20, solder tab terminals 7 and contacts 8. The first housing 10 of the socket type connector 1 and the second housing 20 of the plug type connector 2 are formed by injecting resin in the X direction which is the longitudinal direction. The first housing 10 of the socket type connector 1 and the second housing 20 of the plug type connector 2 have a rotationally asymmetrical shape. In the present disclosure, the socket type connector 1 corresponds to, for example, the first connector defined in claims and the plug type connector 2 corresponds to, for example, the second connector defined in claims.

[0022] More specifically, the first housing 10 of the socket type connector 1 is provided with two slots 19. The two slots 19 extend in the X direction. The first housing 10 has a bottom portion 13 that becomes the bottom of the housing 10, wall portions 11 and wall portions 12 respectively facing each other in the X direction and the Y direction so as to surround the slots 19, and a partition wall 17 separating the two slots 19 in a frontage surrounded by the wall portions 11 and the wall portions 12. The wall portions 11 extend in the Y direction, and the wall portions 12 extend in the X direction. In the present disclosure, the wall portions 11 and the wall portions 12 correspond to, for example, the first wall portions and the second wall portions that are defined in claims, respectively.

[0023] The end portion of the partition wall 17 on the -X side is connected to the wall portion 11 on the -X side. The end portion of the partition wall 17 on the +X side is not connected to the wall portion 11 on the +X side, and a gap 18 is formed between the end portion of the partition wall 17 on the +X side and the wall portion 11 on the +X side.

[0024] A round hole 31 is provided in the middle of the wall portion 11 on the -X side in the Y direction. A long hole 33 is provided in the middle of the wall portion 11 on the +X side in the Y direction. The +X side of the long hole 33 is open. Rectangular grooves 35 are provided on the +Y side and the -Y side of the holes in the wall portion 11 on the -X side and the wall portion 11 on the +X side. The rectangular grooves 35 are recessed from the upper surfaces of the wall portions 11 toward the bottom portion 13. Holes are perforated at the bottoms of the rectangular grooves 35, and the solder tab terminals 7 are fitted and fixed in the holes. As shown in Fig. 8, the solder tab terminal 7 has an elongated substrate portion 71 and two projecting piece portions 72 rising from two end portions of one long side of the substrate portion 71. The two projecting piece portions 72 are fitted into the holes at the bottom of the rectangular groove 35 of the first housing 10.

[0025] As shown in Fig. 14, on the lower sides of the inner surfaces of the wall portions 11 on the +X side and the -X side on the slots 19 sides, there are engaging pieces 34 projecting to the slots 19 sides.

[0026] Grooves 36 are provided in the inner surfaces of the wall portions 12 and the side surfaces of the partition wall 17. Contacts 8 are accommodated in the grooves 36. As shown in Fig. 9, the contact 8 has a linear portion 81 extending in one direction, a terminal portion 82 at one end of the linear portion 81, and a fork portion 83 at the other end of the linear portion 81. The terminal portion 82 is bent into a doglegged shape. The fork portion 83 is bifurcated. Solder 9 is caulked and fixed to the fork portion 83. The contact 8 is held in the grooves 36 of the wall portion 12 and the partition wall 17, and the fork portion 83 of the contact 8 and the solder 9 are exposed to the opposite side to the groove 36 side through the hole in the bottom portion 13.

[0027] As shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 10, the first cap 100 has a box shape with a width in the X direction and the Y direction slightly larger than that of four socket type connectors 1 arranged side by side. A first opening 130 for accommodating and holding the socket type connectors 1 is provided on the -Z side of the first cap 100. The first cap 100 has a top plate portion 113 that constitutes a ceiling of the first cap 100, wall portions 111 and wall portions 112 respectively facing each other in the X direction and the Y direction across the first opening 130.

[0028] A hooking spring 135 and a spring accommodation portion 136 are provided at a position corresponding to each slot 19 of four first housings 10 inside the wall portion 112 on the -X side and the wall portion 112 on the +X side. As shown in Fig. 14, the lower end portion 134 of the hooking spring 135 projects outward in a triangular shape.

[0029] A positioning pin is provided at a position corresponding to the round hole 31 between the adjacent spring accommodation portions 136 inside the wall portion 112 on the -X side. The positioning pin has a shape to be put in the round hole 31. A positioning long pin is provided at a position corresponding to the long hole 33 between the adjacent spring accommodation portions 136 inside the wall portion 112 on the +X side. The positioning long pin has a shape to be put in the long hole 33.

[0030] The attachment of the first cap 100 to the socket type connector 1 and the reflow mounting thereof are performed as follows. First, the four socket type connectors 1 are arranged so that the orientation of the gaps 18 of a part of the socket type connectors 1 and the orientation of the gaps 18 of the remaining socket type connectors 1 are reversed (for example, the gaps 18 of two socket type connectors 1 in the middle are on the -X side, and the gaps 18 of two socket type connectors 1 at both ends are on the +X side).

[0031] Next, the first cap 100 is attached to the four socket type connectors 1 so that the positioning pins are inserted into the round holes 31 on the -X side, the positioning long pins are inserted into the long holes 33 on the +X side, and the hooking springs 135 are fitted inside the wall portions 11 on the -X side and the +X side. As shown in Fig. 14A and Fig. 14B, when the first cap 100 is attached to the four socket type connectors 1, the lower end portions 134 of the hooking springs 135 of the first cap 100 engage with the engaging pieces 34 of the connectors 1, and the socket type connectors 1 are supported from the inside in the X direction by the hooking springs 135 of the first cap 100.

[0032] Next, the four socket type connectors 1 gathered by the first cap 100 are placed on a predetermined position of the first substrate 51, and are put into a reflow device. The temperature in the device is changed from 20 °C to 260°C to 20°C. When the temperature exceeds 217 °C, the solder 9 at the tip end portion of the contact 8 is melted, and when the temperature returns to ordinary temperature, the solder 9 solidifies. The contact 8 of the socket type connector 1 and the pad of the first substrate 51 are connected to each other by the solidification of the solder 9. After the socket type connector 1 is attached to the first substrate 51, the first cap 100 is removed from the socket type connector 1.

[0033] As shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, the second housing 20 of the plug type connector 2 is provided with two headers 29. The two headers 29 extend in the X direction. The end portions on the -X side, +X side, -Y side, and +Y side of the bottom portion 23 that becomes the bottom of the two headers 29 of the second housing 20 project outside the portion that supports the headers 29. A fitting plate portion 48 is provided between the end portions of two adjacent headers 29 on the -X side in the second housing 20.

[0034] A round hole 41 is provided in the middle of the end portion of the bottom portion 23 on the -X side in the Y direction. A second long hole is provided in the middle of the end portion of the bottom portion 23 on the +X side in the Y direction. The +X side of the second long hole is open. Rectangular holes 45 are provided on the +Y side and the -Y side of the holes in the end portions of the bottom portion 23 on the -X side and the +X side. Solder tab terminals 7 are fitted and fixed in the rectangular holes 45.

[0035] Grooves 46 are provided in the side surfaces of the two headers 29 on the +Y side and the -Y side. Contacts 8 are accommodated in the grooves 46. The contacts 8 are held in the grooves 46 of the headers 29, and the fork portions 83 of the contacts 8 and solder 9 are exposed on the opposite side to the grooves 46 side through holes in the bottom portion 23.

[0036] As shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 11, the second cap 200 has a box shape with a width in the X direction and the Y direction slightly larger than that of four plug type connectors 2 arranged side by side. A second opening 230 for accommodating and holding the plug type connectors 2 is provided on the +Z side of the second cap 200. The second cap 200 has a top plate portion 213 that becomes a ceiling of the second cap 200, wall portions 211 and wall portions 212 respectively facing each other in the X direction and the Y direction across the second opening 230.

[0037] There are holding piece portions 227,which project inside, at positions corresponding to the gaps between the headers 29 of the second housings 20 on the inner side of the wall portion 211 on the -X side. There are holding piece portions 229,which project inside, at positions corresponding to the gaps between the headers 29 of the second housings 20 on the inner side of the wall portion 211 on the + X side.

[0038] Positioning pins are provided at positions corresponding to the round holes 41 of the second housings 20 between the adjacent holding piece portions 227 of the wall portion 211 on the -X side. The positioning pin has a shape to be put in the round hole 41. Positioning long pins are provided at positions corresponding to the second long holes of the second housings 20 between the adjacent holding piece portions 229 of the wall portion 211 on the +X side. The positioning long pin has a shape to be put in the second long hole.

[0039] The attachment of the second cap 200 to the plug type connectors 2 and the reflow-mounting thereof are performed as follows. First, the four plug type connectors 2 are arranged so that the combination of the fitting plate portions 48 on one side and the fitting plate portions 48 on the other side fits the gap of the four socket type connectors 1.

[0040] Next, the second cap 200 is attached to the four plug type connectors 2 so that the positioning pins are inserted into the round holes 41 on the +X side and the positioning long pins are inserted into the second long holes on the -X side. When the second cap 200 is attached to the four plug type connectors 2, the holding piece portions 227and 229 of the second cap 200 abut against the headers 29 of the plug type connectors 2, and the four socket type connectors 1 are supported from the outside in the X direction by the holding piece portions 227and 229 of the second cap 200.

[0041] Next, the four plug type connectors 2 gathered by the second cap 200 are placed on a predetermined position of the second substrate 52, and are put into a reflow device. The temperature in the device is changed from 20 °C to 260°C to 20°C. When the temperature exceeds 217 °C, the solder 9 at the tip end portion of the contact 8 is melted, and when the temperature returns to ordinary temperature, the solder 9 solidifies. The contact 8 of the plug type connector 2 and the pad of the second substrate 52 are connected to each other by the solidification of the solder 9. After the plug type connector 2 is attached to the second substrate 52, the second cap 200 is removed from the plug type connector 2.

[0042] When the plug type connector 2 and the socket type connector 1 are connected in a correct orientation, the fitting plate portion 48 of the plug type connector 2 is fitted to the gap 18 of the socket type connector 1. When the plug type connector 2 and the socket type connector 1 are connected in an incorrect orientation, the fitting plate portion 48 of the plug type connector 2 interferes with the partition wall 17 of the socket type connector 1. When the plug type connector 2 and the socket type connector 1 are oriented in opposite directions, the fitting plate portion 48 and the partition wall 17 interfere with each other, so that reverse insertion of plug type connector 2 and the socket type connector 1 is prevented.

[0043] As shown in Fig. 13B and Fig. 13C, when the plug type connector 2 and the socket type connector 1 are connected in the correct orientation, the contacts 8 of the plug type connector 2 and the contacts 8 of the socket type connector 1 come into contact with each other. Further, as shown in Fig. 12A and Fig. 12B, among the contacts 8 disposed oppositely on both sides of each of the header 29 and the slot 19, the position of the contact on the -Y side and the position of the contact 8 on the +Y side are shifted in the X direction by 1/2 contact. The reason why the position of the contact 8 on the -Y side and the position of the contact 8 on the +Y side are shifted in the X direction by 1/2 contact is to effectively prevent crosstalk.

[0044] Here, the first cap 100 and the second cap 200 are formed of different materials. The thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the second cap 200 is smaller than the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the first cap 100. More specifically, when the thermal expansion coefficient of the first cap 100 in the Y direction, which is the arranging direction of the four socket type connectors 1, is α11, the thermal expansion coefficient of the first substrate 51 in the Y direction is α10, the thermal expansion coefficient of the second cap 200 in the Y direction is α21, and the thermal expansion coefficient of the second substrate 52 in the Y direction is α20, α11/α10≈α21/α20. This is to settle the difference between the mounting position of the contact 8 of the socket type connector 1 on the first substrate 51 and the mounting position of the contact 8 of the plug type connector 2 on the second substrate 52 to be less than 0.15 mm.

[0045] The reason why the mounting position error of the socket type connector 1 and the plug type connector 2 can be reduced by setting the thermal expansion coefficient of the second cap 200 smaller than the thermal expansion coefficient of the first cap 100 is as follows.

[0046] As shown in Fig. 15((A) and (B-1)), in the reflow mounting, the first cap 100, the first housing 10, and the first substrate 51, as well as the second cap 200, the second housing 20, and the second substrate 52 expand in the Y direction when the temperature in the reflow device becomes high, and contract when the temperature returns to ordinary temperature.

[0047] With the expansion of the first cap 100, the distance between the adjacent contacts 8 in the first housing 10 of the socket type connector 1 widens, and the positions of the contacts 8 of the socket type connector 1 at the time when temperature exceeds the melting temperature of the solder 9 and reaches 260°C become the mounting positions of the contacts 8 on the first substrate 51. Similarly, the positions of the contacts 8 of the plug type connector 2 at the time when the temperature reaches 260°C become the mounting positions of the contacts 8 on the second substrate 52.

[0048] As described above, ceramic, which is the material of the second substrate 52, has a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of FR4, which is the material of the first substrate 51. For this reason, assuming that the first cap 100 and the second cap 200 are materials with almost the same thermal expansion coefficient as that of the first substrate 51, the first substrate 51 contracts while returning from 260°C to 20°C, and the interval between the contacts 8 of the socket type connector 1 also returns to the original interval. On the other hand, the second substrate 52 hardly contracts, and the interval between the contacts 8 of the plug type connector 2 remains widened by expansion. As a result, the mounting position error of the socket type connector 1 and the plug type connector 2 becomes large.

[0049] In contrast, as shown in Fig. 15(B-2), when the thermal expansion coefficient of the second cap 200 is made smaller than the thermal expansion coefficient of the first cap 100, the interval of the contacts 8 of the plug type connector 2 at the time of reaching 260 °C becomes smaller than that in the state where the thermal expansion coefficients are the same. Accordingly, the mounting position error of the socket type connector 1 and the plug type connector 2 at the time when the temperature returns from 260 °C to 20 °C becomes smaller.

[0050] The details of the present embodiment have been explained above. The connector set according to the present embodiment includes: a socket type connector 1; a first cap 100 to be attached to the socket type connector 1 when the socket type connector 1 is reflow-mounted on the first substrate 51; a plug type connector 2; and a second cap 200 to be attached to the plug type connector 2 when the plug type connector 2 is reflow-mounted on the second substrate 52, wherein the second substrate 52 is formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first substrate 51, and the second cap 200 is formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first cap 100. Accordingly, it is possible to absorb the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the circuit board on which the socket type connector 1 is mounted and the thermal expansion coefficient of the material of the circuit board on which the plug type connector 2 is mounted, and reduce the mounting position error.

[0051] Further, the connector according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of socket type connectors 1 to be mounted on a first substrate 51, and a plurality of plug type connectors 2 to be mounted on a second substrate 52. The socket type connector 1 includes a first housing 10 with a slot 19, and a plurality of contact 8 arranged in the slot 19. The plug type connector 2 includes a second housing 20 with a header 29 to be fitted into the slot 19, and a plurality of contacts 8 arranged in the header 29. Then, the first housing 10 of the socket type connector 1 and the second housing 20 of the plug type connector 2 have a rotationally asymmetrical shape as viewed in a fitting direction. Thus, it is possible to provide a connector that is unlikely to cause reverse insertion.

[0052] Further, in the present embodiment, the slots 19 of the socket type connector 1 and the headers 29 of the plug type connector 2 are in two rows. For this reason, compared with one row in the conventional connector, it is possible to make it difficult to apply stress to the solder 9.

[0053] Although the embodiment of the present disclosure has been described above, the following modifications may be added to this embodiment.
  1. (1) In the above embodiment, the number of the connectors gathered by the cap and mounted on the substrate may be two to three or four or more.
  2. (2) In the above embodiment, there may be one or three or more rows of slots 19 in one socket type connector 1, and there may be one or three or more rows of headers 29 in one plug type connector 2.

List of reference numerals



[0054] 
1
socket type connector
2
plug type connector
7
solder tab terminal
8
contact
10
first housing
11
wall portion
12
wall portion
13
bottom portion
17
partition wall
18
gap
19
slot
20
second housing
23
bottom portion
29
header
31
round hole
33
long hole
34
engaging piece
35
rectangular groove
36
groove
41
round hole
45
rectangular hole
46
groove
48
fitting plate portion
51
first substrate
52
second substrate
71
substrate portion
72
projecting piece portion
81
linear portion
82
terminal portion
83
fork portion
100
first cap
111
wall portion
112
wall portion
113
top plate portion
130
first opening
134
lower end portion
135
spring
136
spring accommodation portion
200
second cap
211
wall portion
212
wall portion
213
top plate portion
227
holding piece portion
229
holding piece portion
230
second opening



Claims

1. A connector set comprising:

a first connector (1);

a first cap (100) to be attached to the first connector (1) when the first connector (1) is reflow-mounted on a first external substrate; and

a second connector (2); and a second cap (200) to be attached to the second connector (2) when the second connector (2) is reflow-mounted on a second external substrate formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the external first substrate,

wherein the second cap (200) is formed of a material with a smaller thermal expansion coefficient than that of the first cap (100).


 
2. The connector set according to claim 1, wherein
the first connector (1) comprises:

a first housing (10) with a slot (19); and

a plurality of contacts (8) arranged in the slot (19),

the second connector comprises a second housing (20) with a header (29) to be fitted in the slot (19),

the first connector (1) is arranged in a direction orthogonal to an extending direction of the slot (19) and held by the first cap (100),

the second connector (2) is arranged in a direction orthogonal to an extending direction of the header (29) and held by the second cap (200).


 
3. The connector set according to claim 2, wherein

a relation of a ratio α11/α10 of a thermal expansion coefficient α11 to a thermal expansion coefficient α10 and a ratio α21/α20 of a thermal expansion coefficient α21 to a thermal expansion coefficient α20 is α11/α10 ≈ α21/α20, wherein

the thermal expansion coefficient α11 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the first cap (100) in an arrangement direction (Y) of the first connector (1),

the thermal expansion coefficient α10 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the first external substrate,

the thermal expansion coefficient α21 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the second cap (200) in an arrangement direction (Y) of the second connector (2), and

the thermal expansion coefficient α20 is the thermal expansion coefficient of the second external substrate.


 
4. The connector set according to claim 2, wherein

a number of the slots (19) in one first connector (1) is two,

a number of the headers (29) in one second connector (2) is two.


 
5. The connector set according to claim 2, wherein
among the contacts (8) respectively disposed on both sides of the slots (19) and the headers (29), a position of the contact (8) on one side and a position of the contact (8) on the other side are shifted by 1/2 contact.
 
6. The connector set according to claim 2, wherein
the first housing (10) and the second housing (20) have a rotationally asymmetrical shape as viewed from the fitting direction (Z).
 
7. The connector set according to claim 6, wherein

the first housing (100) comprises a bottom portion (13), first wall portions (11) facing each other in a first direction (X) orthogonal to the fitting direction (Z), and second wall portions (12) facing each other in a second direction (Y) orthogonal to the fitting direction (Z) and the first direction(X), so as to surround the slot(19),

the slot (19) is separated into a plurality of slots (19) by a partition wall (17) extending along the first direction (X), one end portion of the partition wall (17) is connected to one first wall portion (11) of the two first wall portions (11) on both sides of the first direction(X), the other end portion of the partition wall (17) is not connected to the other first wall portion (11), and a gap is formed between the other end portion of the partition wall (17) and the other first wall portion (11),

the second housing (200) comprises a plurality of headers (29), the plurality of headers (29) extend in the first direction(X), and a fitting plate portion (48) to be fitted in the gap (18) is provided between the adjacent one end portions of the plurality of headers (29) in the first direction(X).


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description