(19)
(11)EP 4 052 696 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
07.09.2022 Bulletin 2022/36

(21)Application number: 22159897.2

(22)Date of filing:  03.03.2022
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 9/00(2006.01)
A61K 47/26(2006.01)
A61K 31/00(2006.01)
A61K 9/08(2006.01)
A61K 47/18(2017.01)
A61K 47/02(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61K 9/0019; A61K 31/00; A61K 9/08; A61K 47/26; A61K 47/183; A61K 47/02
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 04.03.2021 IN 202121009070
25.08.2021 IN 202121038428

(71)Applicant: Extrovis AG
6340 Baar (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHILAKALA, Krishna Mohan
    500090 Hyderabad (IN)
  • KAMMA, Hanumantha Rao
    6340 Baar (CH)
  • VACZI, Janos
    6403 Kuessnacht am Rigi (CH)

(74)Representative: Virnekäs, Bernhard 
Wallinger Ricker Schlotter Tostmann Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Zweibrückenstrasse 5-7
80331 München
80331 München (DE)

  


(54)STABLE READY-TO-USE PARENTERAL COMPOSITIONS OF FOSAPREPITANT


(57) The present invention provides stable ready-to-use parenteral compositions of fosaprepitant and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts or derivatives. The compositions of the present invention do not require reconstitution and/or dilution prior to administration to the patient, and are stable over the shelf-life of the product.


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention provides stable ready-to-use parenteral compositions of fosaprepitant and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts or derivatives. The compositions of the present invention do not require reconstitution and/or dilution prior to administration to the patient, and are stable over the shelf-life of the product.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Fosaprepitant, a substance P/neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor antagonist, is an antiemetic agent, typically used as its dimeglumine salt, and is chemically described as 1-Deoxy-1-(methylamino)-D-glucitol[3-[[(2R,3S)-2-[(1R)-1-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethoxy]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-morpholinyl]methyl]-2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl]phosphonate. The structure of fosaprepitant dimeglumine is as follows -



[0003] United States Patent No 5,691,336 to Dorn et al, discloses the compound Fosaprepitant and further describes methods of synthesizing the said compound. United States Patent No 5,716,942, also to Dorn et al, discloses the use of neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists, such as Fosaprepitant, for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, pain or migraine, asthma, emesis and nausea.

[0004] It was first approved as Emend® from Merck in the form of an injection, for use in combination with other antiemetic agents. It is indicated in adults and pediatric patients 6 months of age and older for the prevention of - (1) acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of highly emetogenic cancer chemotherapy (HEC) including high-dose cisplatin, and (2) delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of moderately emetogenic cancer chemotherapy (MEC). Commercially, EMEND® injection is available as a white to off-white lyophilized powder in single-dose glass vial for reconstitution. The lyophilized cake containing fosaprepitant dimeglumine (equivalent to 150mg of fosaprepitant) is first reconstituted with 5ml of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP and the vial is shaken to dissolve the cake. The entire 5ml of solution thus obtained is withdrawn and aseptically added to 145ml of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP in an infusion bag, to yield a total volume of 150ml and a concentration on 1mg/ml of fosaprepitant. In pediatric patients, a lower dose and therefore a smaller volume of the reconstituted solution would be required. Emend® for injection is incompatible with any solutions containing divalent cations (e.g., Ca2+, Mg2+), including Lactated Ringer's Solution and Hartmann's Solution. The reconstituted final drug solution is stable for only 24 hours at ambient room temperature [at or below 25°C (77°F)].

[0005] There are several areas of concern for such a presentation that requires reconstitution, followed by dilution. The reconstitution needs to be conducted in an aseptic manner, and could possibly lead to contamination of the product, if not done correctly. There is also the possibility of under or over-dosing of the drug, if the wrong amount is withdrawn from the reconstituted vial and added to the diluent in the infusion bag. Similarly, use of incompatible diluent(s) could lead to other issues of physical and/or chemical stability. Further, the commercially available composition is stable for only 24 hours subsequent to reconstitution and dilution, which could lead to significant wastage of the product.

[0006] United States Patent Application No 20180235973 (the '973 publication), titled "Liquid formulations of fosaprepitant", purports to provide solutions of fosaprepitant that are ready to dilute, i.e. a preconcentrate, and solutions that are ready to administer. However, the specification and working examples of the application only provide details on preconcentrate solutions of fosaprepitant having a volume of 1ml, 2ml or 2.6ml. There is no teaching in the application about solutions that are ready to administer, i.e. solutions having a volume of 150ml and containing 150mg of fosaprepitant. Equally absent from the disclosure of this application are directions on obtaining such solutions and stabilizing them over a longer period of time, such as over the shelf-life.

[0007] Fosaprepitant dimeglumine easily degrades to Aprepitant, unless stored at low temperature. Therefore, it is conventionally supplied as a lyophilized formulation to reduce the formation of impurities and to improve the stability of the final formulation. The lyophilized vials are to be stored at a temperature of about 2 to about 8 degrees Celsius. As mentioned above, upon reconstitution, the solution is stable for a maximum of 24 hours at ambient room temperature, and any remaining solution is discarded after 24 hours. Some of the problems faced by Emend® injection product are the possible contamination during reconstitution and dilution, under or over dosing, and use of wrong diluents.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0008] The present invention provides a stable injectable pharmaceutical composition comprising fosaprepitant or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate; at least one pharmaceutically acceptable solvent; at least one pharmaceutically acceptable isotonic agent; optionally at least one pharmaceutically acceptable solubilizing agent and optionally at least one pharmaceutically acceptable stabilizing agent, wherein the composition is ready-to-use.

[0009] The present invention provides a stable injectable pharmaceutical composition comprising fosaprepitant or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate; at least one pharmaceutically acceptable solvent; at least one pharmaceutically acceptable stabilizing agent, wherein the composition is ready-to-use.

[0010] In a preferred embodiment, the ready-to-use composition of the present invention containing fosaprepitant comprises a solvent selected from the group consisting of water for injection, ethanol, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, propanol, and mixtures thereof.

[0011] In another preferred embodiment, the ready-to-use composition of the present invention containing fosaprepitant contains one or more pharmaceutically acceptable stabilizing agents.

[0012] In a preferred embodiment, the ready-to-use composition of the present invention containing fosaprepitant comprises a stabilizing agent selected from the group consisting of (i) a chelating agent selected from disodium EDTA and calcium disodium EDTA, (ii) an amino acid selected from the group consisting of glycine, l-arginine, phenylalanine, histidine, acetylcysteine, citrulline, lysine, and isoleucine, methionine, cysteine and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, and (iii) a combination thereof.

[0013] In another preferred embodiment, the ready-to-use composition of the present invention containing fosaprepitant has a pH of about 6.5 to about 10.0.

DESCRIPTION



[0014] A study of prior art reveals that attempts have been made to solve the above described problems but none has led to a large volume infusion dosage form of fosaprepitant, wherein the dosage form is a stable solution of fosaprepitant or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt, in an aqueous vehicle, in a large volume infusion container. The present invention provides a stable, ready-to-use infusion of fosaprepitant which contains 150ml of a sterile solution of fosaprepitant dimeglumine in an infusion bag, and which is stable over its shelf-life. The composition of the present invention overcomes the problems faced by the prior art Emend® injection, and is also advantageous over the prior art '973 publication, in that the composition of the invention is stable over extended periods of time in the liquid state, without having to undergo a step of dilution. The ready-to-use composition of the present invention avoids the inconvenience of reconstituting and diluting a concentrated small volume parenteral formulation with infusion diluents prior to infusion, as well as eliminates the risk of microbiological contamination during aseptic handling and any potential calculation or dilution error that could lead to under or over dosing. Thus, it provides a substantial advancement over the art, and a major convenience to patients and care-givers.

[0015] The ready-to-use composition of the present invention is a "stable" and "ready to be infused" fosaprepitant composition, meaning that the composition is stable over time, is sterile, has a volume in excess of 100 ml and can be directly infused intravenously, without any intervening step of reconstitution or dilution or mixing.

[0016] The term 'stable', as used in the context of this application, means remaining in a state or condition that is suitable for administration to a patient. In particular, a "stable composition" is intended to refer to a composition which when stored at about 2° C to about 8° C, for a defined period of time, is physically stable, i.e. no appearance of visible particulates, and is also chemically stable, i.e. the chemical impurities are within a narrow acceptable range. Particularly, the term "chemically stable" as used herein means that when the composition is stored at about 2° C to about 8° C, the impurities such as those resulting from chemical reaction in solution, remain within acceptable limits over a long period of time. It is intended that the period of time over which the composition is stable for, is 7 days, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 5 months, 6 months, 7 months, 8 months, 9 months, 10 months, 11 months, 12 months, 13 months, 14 months, 15 months, 16 months, 17 months, 18 months, 19 months, 20 months, 21 months, 22 months, 23 months or 24 months.

[0017] In one embodiment, at least about 90% purity of the fosaprepitant is retained after storage at 2-8° C. More preferably, at least about 92% purity of the fosaprepitant is retained after storage at 2-8° C. More preferably, at least about 95% purity of the fosaprepitant is retained after storage at 2-8° C. Still more preferably, at least about 96% purity of the fosaprepitant is retained after storage at 2-8° C. Most preferably, at least about 98% purity of the fosaprepitant is retained after storage at 2-8° C.

[0018] In another aspect of the present invention, the ready to use compositions of fosaprepitant are described. These compositions comprise fosaprepitant, one or more inert excipients selected from diluents, solvents, cosolvents, isotonicity agents, chelating agents, buffers, pH-adjusting agents, solubilizers, stabilizers, and the like. In preferred embodiments the composition has a concentration of fosaprepitant of about 0.5mg/ml to about 10mg/ml. In preferred embodiments the composition has a concentration of fosaprepitant of about 0.5mg/ml, about 1 mg/ml, about 2 mg/ml, about 3 mg/ml, about 4 mg/ml, about 5 mg/ml, about 6 mg/ml, about 7 mg/ml, about 8 mg/ml, about 9 mg/ml, about 10 mg/ml. In higly preferred embodiments, the composition has a concentration of fosaprepitant of about 1mg/ml.

[0019] In one embodiment, the diluent used in the composition of the present invention may be selected from lactose, mannitol, sucrose, trehalose, dextran, hydroxyethyl starch, ficoll and gelatin.

[0020] In one embodiment the composition has a concentration of diluent of about 0.1 mg/ml to about 10 mg/ml. In preferred embodiment the composition has a concentration of diluent of about 1 mg/ml, about 2 mg/ml, about 2.5mg/ml, about 3 mg/ml, about 3.5mg/ml, about 4 mg/ml, about 4.5mg/ml, about 5 mg/ml, about 5.5mg/ml, about 6 mg/ml, about 6.5mg/ml about 7 mg/ml, about 7.5mg/ml, about 8 mg/ml, about 8.5mg/ml, about 9 mg/ml, about 9.5mg/ml, about 10 mg/ml. In preferred embodiment the composition has a concentration of diluent of about 2.5 mg/ml.

[0021] In one embodiment, the solvent used in the composition of the present invention may be selected from, but is not limited to, the group comprising water for injection, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, propanol, dimethyl acetamide, solketal, glycerol formal, glycerol, glycofurol, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, dimethyl sulfoxide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, dimethyl formamide and mixtures thereof. In a highly preferred embodiment of the present invention, the solvent used is water for injection. The solvent helps to dissolve the fosaprepitant, thereby providing compositions of fosaprepitant that are physically and chemically stable over a long period of time.

[0022] In another embodiment the composition can optionally contain a solubilizing agent, such as docusate sodium, glyceryl monooleate, polyoxyl-35-castor oil (also known as PEG-35 castor oil or Cremophor EL or macrogolglycerol ricinoleate), sodium lauryl sulfate, or sorbitan esters. The solubilizing agent or surfactant may optionally be a polyoxyethylenesorbitan fatty acid ester. Polyoxyethylenesorbitan fatty acid esters are also referred to as polysorbates, e.g., polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, Tween 80), polysorbate 40 and polysorbate 20.

[0023] In one embodiment the composition has a concentration of solubilizing agent of about 0.01 mg/ml to about 5 mg/ml. In another preferred embodiment the composition has a concentration of solubilizing agent of about 0.1 mg/ml to about 5 mg/ml. In another preferred embodiments, the concentration of solubilizing agent in the composition is about 0.1mg/ml, about 0.2mg/ml, about 0.3 mg/ml, about 0.4 mg/ml, about 0.5 mg/ml, about 0.6 mg/ml, about 0.7 mg/ml, about 0.8 mg/ml, about 0.9 mg/ml, about 1 mg/ml, about 2 mg/ml, about 3 mg/ml, about 4 mg/ml or about 5 mg/ml. In highly preferred embodiments the composition has a concentration of solubilizing agent of about 0.5mg/ml.

[0024] In another embodiment, the ready to use composition contains one or more stabilizing agents. The stabilizing agent may be selected from, but is not limited to, (i) a chelating agent selected from disodium EDTA and calcium disodium EDTA , (ii) an amino acid selected from the group consisting of glycine, l-arginine, phenylalanine, histidine, acetylcysteine, citrulline, lysine, isoleucine, methionine, cysteine and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, or (iii) a combination thereof.

[0025] In one embodiment, the stabilizing agent is L-Arginine. In another embodiment, the stabilizing agent is glycine. In yet another embodiment, the stabilizing agent is phenylalanine. In yet another embodiment, the stabilizing agent is disodium EDTA. In still another embodiment, the stabilizing agent is histidine. In a preferred embodiment, the stabilizing agent is a mixture of arginine and disodium EDTA.

[0026] In preferred embodiments, the amount of stabilizing agent in the composition is about 0.01 mg/ml, about 0.02 mg/ml, about 0.03 mg/ml, about 0.04 mg/ml, about 0.05mg/ml, about 0.06 mg/ml, about 0.07 mg/ml, about 0.08 mg/ml, about 0.09 mg/ml, about 0.1 mg/ml, about 0.2 mg/ml, about 0.3 mg/ml, about 0.4 mg/ml, about 0.5 mg/ml.

[0027] Another embodiment of the invention optionally contains one or more pH adjusting agents, the one or more pH adjusting agent being selected from sodium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium carbonate decahydrate, sodium carbonate monohydrate, diethanolamine, meglumine, tromethamine, ammonia, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, adipic acid, anhydrous citric acid, amino acids such as glycine, l-arginine, phenylalanine, histidine, acetylcysteine, citrulline, lysine, isoleucine, methionine, cysteine, and mixtures thereof.

[0028] The pH of the composition of the present invention ranges from about 6.5 to about 10.0. The pH is adjusted such that the composition is stable over its entire manufacturing process and through its shelf-life.

[0029] Another embodiment of the present invention optionally contains one or more isotonic agents. Preferably, the isotonic agent is selected from, but is not limited to, the group comprising polyethylene glycol, glycerol, sodium chloride, glucose and mixtures thereof. Typically, the isotonic agent is used in an amount sufficient to provide an osmolality in the range of about 100 mOsMol/Kg to about 500 mOsMol/Kg, more preferably about 150 mOsMol/Kg to about 400 mOsMol/Kg, still more preferably about 280 mOsMol/Kg to about 320 mOsMol/Kg, and most preferably about 300 OsMol/Kg. In highly preferred embodiments, the isotonic agent is sodium chloride and is present in an amount of about 5mg/ml to about 10 mg/ml, more preferably about 7.5mg/ml, and most preferably about 8mg/ml.

[0030] A pharmaceutically acceptable parenteral composition is also provided comprising fosaprepitant and an aqueous solvent, such as water for injection or saline, wherein the composition includes:

about 0.0001-0.005% w/v disodium edetate;

about 0.1-5.5 % w/v of a diluent, such as lactose monohydrate;

about 0.01-5.0% w/v of a stabilizing agent, such as L-arginine;

about 0.01-1% w/v of a isotonic agent, such as sodium chloride; and

about 0.01-5.0% w/v of a solubilizing agent, such as polysorbate 80.



[0031] In yet another embodiment, a pharmaceutically acceptable parenteral composition comprises fosaprepitant and an aqueous solvent, such as water for injection, wherein the composition includes:

about 0.0001-0.005% w/v disodium edetate

about 0.1-5.5 % w/v of a diluent, such as lactose monohydrate;

about 0.01-5.0% w/v of a solubilizing agent, such as polysorbate 80.

about 0.01-5% w/v of a isotonic agent, such as sodium chloride; and

pH adjusting agents such as sodium bicarbonate and/or sodium carbonate.



[0032] The ready-to-use fosaprepitant parenteral composition of the present invention is packaged in a polymeric single-compartment container that is compatible with the composition. Suitable polymeric single-compartment containers include, for example, glass or polymeric vials, infusion bags or infusion bottles with sizes ranging from about 100 ml to about 250 ml. These large volume parenteral presentations can be contained in infusion bags or bottles preferably purged with nitrogen. Single-compartment polymeric containers are preferably flexible and can contain, or may be free of, polyvinylchloride (PVC). In one of the embodiments, the ready-to-use composition contains 150 ml of the stable composition of fosaprepitant dimeglumine in an aqueous vehicle, packaged in a single-compartment infusion bag made of polypropylene. Other alternative packaging systems suitable for providing the stable ready-to-use composition of the present invention may have the material of construction of the infusion container made of multilayer M312 with one tube polyolefins/EVA. Other suitable packaging systems include infusion bags made of high barrier film that is impermeable to gas and water. The infusion containers include an injection port made of medical-grade polycarbonate, which can be sterilized. It allows for drug supplementation and its internal membrane is latex-free. Preferably, the infusion bags and injection port are made of materials that are free of plasticizers.

[0033] As discussed above, the fosaprepitant ready-to-use composition of the present invention is stable over its shelf life, when stored at refrigerated conditions, i.e. from about 2°C to about 8°C. The specification for impurities in the ready-to-use composition, at shelf-life is as seen in Table 1 below -
Table 1
Impurity specification at shelf-life for ready-to use compositions of the present invention
ImpuritySpecification
Impurity C (Aprepitant) Not more than 5%
Impurity F Not more than 0.20%
Maximum Unknown Impurity Not more than 0.20%
Total Impurities Not more than 6%


[0034] The impurities are described below.



[0035] Impurity C, compound of formula II, is chemically known as 5-[[2(R)-[1(S)-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethoxy]-3(S)-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-morpholinyl]methyl]-1,2-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one, also known as Aprepitant.



[0036] Impurity F, compound of formula III, is chemically known as (3-(((2R,3S)-2-((S) - 1-{3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl) phenyl) ethoxy)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)morpholino) methyl)-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) phosphoric acid.

EXAMPLES


Example 1



[0037] A fosaprepitant ready-to-use solution for infusion was prepared as detailed below.
IngredientsQuantity (mg/mL)Quantity Per bag (150mL)
Fosaprepitant Dimeglumine 1.635 247.5 mg
Disodium EDTA 0.036 5.4 mg
Lactose monohydrate 2.50 375 mg
Polysorbate - 80 0.50 75 mg
Sodium bicarbonate 1.33 199.5 mg
Sodium carbonate 0.16 24 mg
Sodium Chloride 9.00 1350 mg
Sterile water for injection   QS to 150mL


[0038] 80% of batch quantity of sterile water for injection was taken, and batch quantity of sodium chloride was added to the above solution under continuous stirring. Batch quantity of Sodium bicarbonate was then added to the above solution under continuous stirring. This was followed by addition of batch quantity of Sodium carbonate under stirring. Disodium EDTA was added with stirring. Lactose monohydrate was then added to the solution under stirring, followed by addition of Polysorbate 80. The solution so obtained was cooled to 2 - 8 0C, and the pH was found to be around pH 8.42. The fosaprepitant dimeglumine was then added to the solution under stirring. The volume of the solution was made up to 150 mL with sterile water for injection. The final pH of the solution was 8.73. This bulk solution was filtered under pressure using PVDF 0.22µm capsule filter. 150ml of the filtered solution was aseptically filled into infusion bags made of polypropylene, free of any plasticizer and stored at 2 - 80C.

Example 2



[0039] The fosaprepitant solution obtained in Example 1, packaged in infusion bags, and stored at 2-8°C was subjected to testing. The results of the real time testing are included in Table 12 below. Table 2 also provides the preferred specifications for the compositions of the present invention.
Table 2
 SpecificationInitial2M3M
Description Clear colorless solution Clear colorless solution Clear colorless solution Clear colorless solution
pH 6.5 - 10.0 8.68 8.86 8.93
Assay of Fosaprepitant 90-110% 98.9 100.9 98.7
Related Substances
Impurity C (Aprepitant) NMT 5% 0.17 0.53 0.59
Maximum unspecified impurity NMT 0.2% 0.04 0.04 0.04
Total Impurities NMT 6% 0.12 0.63 0.65
Table 3 below includes accelerated stability testing data for the composition of Example 1, when stored at 25°C, 40% relative humidity. Table 3
 SpecificationInitial2M3M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 6.5 - 10.0 8.68 8.87 8.68
Assay of Fosaprepitant 90-110% 98.9 102.8 97.1
Related Substances
Impurity C (Aprepitant) NMT 5% 0.17 0.73 1.24
Maximum unspecified impurity NMT 0.2% 0.04 0.03 0.01
Total Impurities NMT 6% 0.12 0.81 1.26
CCS: Clear colorless solution

Example 3



[0040] A fosaprepitant ready-to-use solution for infusion was prepared as detailed below.
IngredientsQuantity (mg/mL)Quantity (%w/w)
Fosaprepitant Dimeglumine (equivalent to fosaprepitant) 1.00 0.1
Di sodium EDTA 0.036 0.0036
Lactose monohydrate 2.50 0.25
Polysorbate 80 0.50 0.05
L-Arginine 1.0 0.1
Sodium Chloride 8.00 0.8
Streile Water for injection Qs to 1ml  


[0041] 80% of batch quantity of sterile water for injection was taken, and batch quantity of sodium chloride was added to the above solution under continuous stirring. Disodium EDTA was added with stirring. Lactose monohydrate was then added to the solution under stirring, followed by addition of L-Arginine and Polysorbate 80, and stirred until a clear homogenous solution was obtained. The fosaprepitant dimeglumine was then added to the solution under stirring and volume was made up to the batch size with water for injection. The solution was mixed until it was homogeneous, followed by cooling it to 5°C. The bulk solution thus obtained was filtered through 0.22µm filter and filled into polypropylene infusion bags with twist off port.

Example 4



[0042] Three batches were made with a formula similar to that described in Example 3 above, and all three batches were subjected to stability testing under various conditions. The results of the stability testing are included in Tables 4 and 5 below.
Table 4
Batch NoBatch 1Batch 2Batch 3
Condition Initial 2-8°C Initial 2-8°C Initial 2-8°C
Parameter 1M 2M 3M 1M 2M 3M 1M 2M 3M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 9.39 9.6 9.6 9.33 9.33 9.5 9.48 9.05 9.28 9.46 9.46 9.07
Assay 102.8 101.3 102.8 103.7 103.1 101.1 102.1 104.5 104 100.7 102.4 104
Related Substances %w/w
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) 0.23 0.41 0.52 0.48 0.28 0.4 0.5 0.49 0.29 0.43 0.52 0.47
Impurity-F (%) 0.02 0.01 0.08 0.05 0.02 0.01 0.08 0.06 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.04
Maximum Unspecified Imp(%) 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04
Total Impurities(%) 0.37 0.49 0.69 0.60 0.39 0.48 0.68 0.62 0.43 0.51 0.68 0.59
ND: not detected
Table 5
Batch NoBatch 1Batch 2Batch 3
Condition Initial 25±2°C Initial 25±2°C Initial 25±2°C
Parameter 1M 2M 3M 1M 2M 3M 1M 2M 3M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 9.39 9.38 9.2 8.95 9.33 9.44 9.04 8.88 9.28 9.25 9.05 8.89
Assay 102.8 100.7 101.6 102.1 103.1 100.9 102.8 102.8 104 100.5 101.3 102.7
Related impurities %w/w
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) 0.23 0.98 1.51 1.95 0.28 1.01 1.68 2.18 0.29 1.06 1.67 2.16
Impurity-F (%) 0.02 0.11 0.41 0.71 0.02 0.10 0.3 0.48 0.02 0.1 0.38 0.54
Maximum Unspecified Imp(%) 0.04 0.02 ND 0.03 0.04 0.02 ND 0.02 0.04 0.02 ND 0.02
Total Impurities(%) 0.37 1.20 1.92 2.71 0.39 1.21 1.98 2.64 0.43 1.27 2.05 2.74

Example 5



[0043] A fosaprepitant ready-to-use solution for infusion was prepared as detailed below.
IngredientsQuantity (%w/w)Quantity Per bag (150mL)
Fosaprepitant Dimeglumine 0.1 150 mg
Di sodium EDTA 0.0036 5.4 mg
Lactose monohydrate 0.25 375 mg
L-Arginine 0.1 150 mg
Sodium Chloride 0.8 1200 mg
Polysorbate - 80 0.05 75 mg
Sterile water for injection   QS to 150mL
Nitrogen   QS
Qs: Quantity Sufficient


[0044] 80% of batch quantity of sterile water for injection was taken, and batch quantity of sodium chloride was added to the above solution under continuous stirring. Batch quantity of disodium edetate was then added to the above solution under continuous stirring to get clear solution. This was followed by addition of batch quantity of Lactose monohydrate under stirring. L-arginine was added with stirring. Polysorbate 80 was then added to the solution under stirring, followed by addition of fosaprepitant. The pH of the solution so obtained was found to be around pH9.39. The volume of the solution was made up to 150 mL with sterile water for injection. The final pH of the solution was 9.39. This bulk solution was filtered under pressure using PVDF 0.22µm membrane filter. 150ml of the filtered solution was aseptically filled into nitrogen purged infusion bags made of polypropylene, free of any plasticizer and stored at 2 - 80C.

Example 6



[0045] Three batches (5a, 5b and 5c) were made with a formula similar to that described in Example 5 above, and all three batches were subjected to stability testing under various conditions. The results of the stability testing are included in Tables 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3 and in Tables 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3 below.
Table 6.1
Batch# 5a
Name of Test ParameterSpecification5±3°C (Horizontal)
Initial1M2M3M6M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 8.00- 10.0 9.39 9.6 9.6 9.33 9.11
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 270 - 330 293 301 300 297 274
Assay (%) NLT 90% and NMT 110% 102.8 101.3 102.8 103.7 101.5
Related substances (%w/w)
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) NMT 5.0% 0.23 0.41 0.52 0.48 0.71
Impurity-F NMT 0.20% 0.02 0.01 0.08 0.05 0.1
Max. unspecified Impurity (%) NMT 0.20% 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.02
Total Imp (%) NMT 6.0% 0.37 0.49 0.69 0.6 0.85
CCS: Clear colourless solution
Table 6.2
Batch# 5b
Name of Test ParameterSpecification5±3°C (Horizontal)
Initial1M2M3M6M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 8.00- 10.0 9.33 9.5 9.48 9.05 8.59
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 270 - 330 285 NP 280 306 265
Assay (%) NLT 90% and NMT 110% 103.1 101.1 102.1 104.5 102.9
Related substances (%w/w)
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) NMT 5.0% 0.28 0.40 0.50 0.49 0.71
Impurity-F NMT 0.20% 0.02 0.01 0.08 0.06 0.08
Max. unspecified Impurity (%) NMT 0.20% 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02
Total Imp (%) NMT 6.0% 0.39 0.48 0.68 0.62 0.82
CCS: Clear colourless solution
Table 6.3
Batch# 5c
Name of Test ParameterSpecification5±3°C (Horizontal)
Initial1M2M3M6M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 8.00- 10.0 9.28 9.46 9.46 9.07 8.81
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 270 - 330 287 278 284 278 263
Assay (%) NLT 90% and NMT 110% 104 100.7 102.4 104 101.6
Related substances (%w/w)
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) NMT 5.0% 0.29 0.43 0.52 0.47 0.8
Impurity-F NMT 0.20% 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.04 0.09
Max. unspecified Impurity (%) NMT 0.20% 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03
Total Imp (%) NMT 6.0% 0.43 0.51 0.68 0.59 0.92
CCS: Clear colourless solution


[0046] Tables 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3 below include accelerated stability testing data for the compositions of Example 5, when stored at 25°C, 60% relative humidity -
Table 7.1
Batch# 5a
Name of Test ParameterSpecification25±2°C/60±5% RH (Horizontal)
Initial1M2M3M6M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 8.00- 10.0 9.39 9.38 9.2 8.95 8.54
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 270 - 330 293 301 NP 302 303
Assay (%) NLT 90% and NMT 110% 102.8 100.7 101.6 102.1 98.3
Related substances (%w/w)
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) NMT 5.0% 0.23 0.98 1.51 1.95 2.77
Impurity-F NMT 0.20% 0.02 0.11 0.41 0.71 1.12
Max. unspecified Impurity (%) NMT 0.20% 0.04 0.02 ND 0.03 0.15
Total Imp (%) NMT 6.0% 0.37 1.20 1.92 2.71 4.25
CCS: Clear colourless solution
Table 7.2
Batch# 5a
Name of Test ParameterSpecification25±2°C/60±5% RH (Horizontal)
Initial1M2M3M6M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 8.00- 10.0 9.33 9.44 9.04 8.88 8.4
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 270 - 330 285 284 282 283 288
Assay (%) NLT 90% and NMT 110% 103.1 100.9 102.8 102.8 99.6
Related substances (%w/w)
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) NMT 5.0% 0.28 1.01 1.68 2.18 3.63
Impurity-F NMT 0.20% 0.02 0.10 0.3 0.48 0.75
Max. unspecified Impurity (%) NMT 0.20% 0.04 0.02 ND 0.02 0.17
Total Imp (%) NMT 6.0% 0.39 1.21 1.98 2.64 4.69
CCS: Clear colourless solution
Table 7.3
Batch# 5a
Name of Test ParameterSpecification25±2°C/60±5% RH (Horizontal)
Initial1M2M3M6M
Description CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS CCS
pH 8.00- 10.0 9.28 9.25 9.05 8.89 8.46
Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 270 - 330 287 274 281 283 286
Assay (%) NLT 90% and NMT 110% 104 100.5 101.3 102.7 99.0
Related substances (%w/w)
Impurity-C (Aprepitant) NMT 5.0% 0.29 1.06 1.67 2.16 2.76
Impurity-F NMT 0.20% 0.02 0.1 0.38 0.54 0.81
Max. unspecified Impurity (%) NMT 0.20% 0.04 0.02 ND 0.02 0.17
Total Imp (%) NMT 6.0% 0.43 1.27 2.05 2.75 3.9
CCS: Clear colourless solution



Claims

1. A stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition comprising: a) fosaprepitant or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt; b) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable solvent; c) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable isotonic agent; d) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable solubilizing agent and e) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable stabilizing agent, wherein the composition requires no further dilution prior to intravenous administration to a patient, and wherein the composition has

(i) not more than 6% by total weight of the composition of total impurities,

(ii) not more than 0.2% by total weight of the composition of any unspecified impurity,

(iii) not more than 5% by total weight of the composition of impurity C (aprepitant),

(iv) not more than 0.2% by total weight of the composition of impurity F.


 
2. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the concentration of fosaprepitant is 1 mg/ml.
 
3. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable solvent is selected from the group consisting of water for injection, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, propanol and mixtures thereof.
 
4. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition has a pH of about 6.5 to about 10.0.
 
5. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the solubilizing agent is a surfactant.
 
6. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 7, wherein the surfactant selected from docusate sodium, glyceryl monooleate, sodium lauryl sulfate, polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate), polysorbate 40, polysorbate 20, polyoxyl-35-castor oil and mixtures thereof.
 
7. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the stabilizing agent is selected from the group consisting of (i) a chelating agent selected from the group consisting of disodium EDTA and calcium disodium EDTA, (ii) an amino acid selected from the group consisting of glycine, l-arginine, phenylalanine, histidine, acetylcysteine, citrulline, lysine, isoleucine, methionine, cysteine and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, and (iii) a combination of chelating agent and amino acid.
 
8. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the isotonic agent is selected from polyethylene glycol, glycerol, sodium chloride, glucose and mixtures thereof.
 
9. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition has an osmolarity about 280 mOsMol/Kg to about 320 mOsMol/Kg.
 
10. The stable ready-to-use pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 comprising about 1 mg/ml of fosaprepitant, about 0.036mg/ml of disodium EDTA, about 8mg/ml of sodium chloride, about 2.5mg/ml of lactose monohydrate, about 1mg/ml of arginine, about 0.5mg/ml of polysorbate 80 and sterile water for injection, wherein the composition has a pH of about 6.5 to about 10.0
 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description