(19)
(11)EP 4 053 674 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
07.09.2022 Bulletin 2022/36

(21)Application number: 21182388.5

(22)Date of filing:  29.06.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G06F 1/16(2006.01)
H04M 1/02(2006.01)
E05D 3/12(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04M 1/022; E05D 3/122; G06F 1/1681; H04M 1/0216; G06F 1/1616; E05Y 2900/606
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 01.03.2021 CN 202110226778

(71)Applicant: Beijing Xiaomi Mobile Software Co., Ltd.
Beijing 100085 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHAO, Lianjia
    Beijing, 100085 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Xuehu
    Beijing, 100085 (CN)
  • PEI, Yuantao
    Beijing, 100085 (CN)
  • JIN, Hongwei
    Beijing, 100085 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gunzelmann, Rainer 
Wuesthoff & Wuesthoff Patentanwälte PartG mbB Schweigerstraße 2
81541 München
81541 München (DE)

  


(54)ROTATING COMPONENT AND TERMINAL DEVICE


(57) The present application relates to a rotating component (100) and a terminal device. The rotating component (100) includes: a hinge bracket (101); a movable strip (102) disposed on the hinge bracket (101), the movable strip (102) including a first meshing portion (102a) facing toward the hinge bracket (101) and a second meshing portion (102b) facing away from the hinge bracket (101). The rotating component (100) further includes two rotating structures (103), where the first rotating structure (A) is disposed on a first side of the movable strip (102) and meshed with the first meshing portion (102a), and the second rotating structure (B) is disposed on a second side of the movable strip (102) and meshed with the second meshing portion (102b). When the movable strip (102) moves, the two rotating structures (103) rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions.







Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present application relates to the technical field of electronic devices, and more particularly, to a rotating component and a terminal device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] With the development of a flexible Organic Light-Emitting Diode, OLED, technology, foldable phones have gradually become an important development direction of terminal devices. For example, a user can receive a call or process simple text information conveniently and rapidly without unfolding a foldable phone. When the user needs to process an office document, read an electronic book, or watch a video, the phone can be unfolded to easily obtain a better large-screen experience. Therefore, the foldable phone is convenient to carry, and can bring an extreme over-large screen experience to the user.

[0003] At present, the foldable phone can be unfolded and folded through a rotating component. The conventional rotating component is generally implemented by adopting a transmission mode of six gears and five meshing points, and there is a problem of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by a complex structure.

SUMMARY



[0004] The present application provides a rotating component and a terminal device. The structure of the rotating component can be simplified, the condition of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by complex assembly can be reduced, and the synchronization effect of the rotating component can be improved.

[0005] According to a first aspect of the present application, a rotating component is provided. The rotating component includes: a hinge bracket; a movable strip disposed on the hinge bracket, the movable strip including a first meshing portion facing toward the hinge bracket and a second meshing portion facing away from the hinge bracket; and two rotating structures including a first rotating structure and a second rotating structure, the first rotating structure being disposed on a first side of the movable strip and meshed with the first meshing portion, and the second rotating structure being disposed on a second side of the movable strip and meshed with the second meshing portion, where when the movable strip moves, the two rotating structures rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions.

[0006] In some examples, each rotating structure may include a rotating slider and a gear, and the gear connects the rotating slider and the movable strip with each other.

[0007] The movable strip may be matched with the gear, and the gear may be matched with the rotating slider. When the movable strip moves, two gears of the two rotating structures may rotate in opposite rotation directions, and rotation of the two gears drives two rotating sliders of the two rotating structures to rotate in opposite directions.

[0008] In some examples, each rotating slider may be provided with a third meshing portion, and the two rotating structures may include the first rotating structure and the second rotating structure.

[0009] The first meshing portion may be meshed with a first end of the gear of the first rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the first rotating structure may be meshed with a second end of the gear of the first rotating structure opposite to said first end.

[0010] The second meshing portion may be meshed with a first end of the gear of the second rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the second rotating structure may be meshed with a second end of the gear of the second rotating structure opposite to said first end.

[0011] In some examples, each rotating slider may include:

a rotating portion; and

a third meshing portion, in which the third meshing portion may be located at a first end of the rotating slider and the rotating portion may be located at a second end of the rotating slider opposite to said first end, and the third meshing portion may be configured to be meshed with the gear.



[0012] When an external force is exerted on the rotating portion to drive the rotating portion into rotation, the movable strip may be driven to move through the third meshing portion and the gear.

[0013] In some examples, each rotating slider may further include:
a trajectory limiting portion disposed opposite to the third meshing portion, in which the trajectory limiting portion and the third meshing portion may be disposed on a same side of the rotating slider, and the trajectory limiting portion may be provided with an arc-shaped guide groove.

[0014] An arc-shaped protrusion may be disposed on a surface of the hinge bracket facing toward the gear.

[0015] The arc-shaped protrusion may be embedded in the arc-shaped guide groove.

[0016] In some examples, the trajectory limiting portion may include a first arc-shaped block and a second arc-shaped block spaced apart from the first arc-shaped block.

[0017] The first arc-shaped block and the second arc-shaped block may form the arc-shaped guide groove.

[0018] In some examples, each gear may include a synchronous rotating shaft and teeth at two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft.

[0019] The hinge bracket may be provided with a fixing groove.

[0020] The teeth at the two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft may be located outside the fixing groove, and a middle portion between the two ends may be located inside the fixing groove.

[0021] In some examples, the rotating component may further include:
a stopping block fixed on the hinge bracket and covering an opening of the fixing groove.

[0022] The middle portion may be located between the stopping block and the hinge bracket.

[0023] In some examples, the movable strip may be located between two stopping blocks on the two gears.

[0024] In some examples, the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion may be parallel to the hinge bracket.

[0025] In other examples, the movable strip may be Z-shaped.

[0026] In some examples, the hinge bracket may be provided with a guide slot.

[0027] The second meshing portion may be embedded in the guide slot.

[0028] According to a second aspect of the examples of the present application, a terminal device is provided. The terminal device includes: a first middle frame; a second middle frame; and at least one rotating component, the at least one rotating component including: a hinge bracket; a movable strip disposed on the hinge bracket, the movable strip including a first meshing portion facing toward the hinge bracket and a second meshing portion facing away from the hinge bracket; and two rotating structures including a first rotating structure and a second rotating structure, the first rotating structure being disposed on a first side of the movable strip and meshed with the first meshing portion, and the second rotating structure being disposed on a second side of the movable strip and meshed with the second meshing portion, where when the movable strip moves, the two rotating structures rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions, where the at least one rotating component is located in a hinge groove formed by the first middle frame and the second middle frame, the first rotating structure of the at least one rotating component is fixed on the first middle frame and the second rotating structure of the at least one rotating component is fixed on the second middle frame, where when the two rotating structures of the at least on rotating component rotate synchronously, the first middle frame and the second middle frame are driven to rotate synchronously.

[0029] In some examples, the terminal device may include:
a foldable screen covering the first middle frame and the second middle frame, the foldable screen being foldable at the rotating component.

[0030] In some examples, the terminal device may include two rotating components. A first rotating component is located in the hinge groove at a first side of the hinge groove and a second rotating component is located in the hinge groove at a second side of the hinge groove opposite to said first side.

[0031] The technical solution provided by the examples of the present application may have the following beneficial effects.

[0032] In the examples of the present application, the movable strip includes the first meshing portion facing toward the hinge bracket and the second meshing portion facing away from the hinge bracket, one of the rotating structures is meshed with the first meshing portion, the other one of the rotating structures is meshed with the second meshing portion, and when the movable strip moves, the two rotating structures rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions. That is, in the examples of the present application, the two rotating structures can rotate synchronously only by means of the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion of the movable strip, so that components needed by the rotating component for implementing synchronous rotation can be simplified, the condition of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by assembling a plurality of complex devices in the rotating component can be reduced, and the synchronization effect of the rotating component can be improved.

[0033] Moreover, when the movable strip moves, the rotating structures rotate in opposite rotation directions. That is, the movable strip can drive the two rotating structures to rotate in opposite directions, so that when the two rotating structures rotate simultaneously in a direction away from the hinge bracket, the two rotating structures can be unfolded relative to the hinge bracket. When the two rotating structures rotate simultaneously in direction close to the hinge bracket, the two rotating structures can be folded relative to the hinge bracket.

[0034] It should be understood that the above general descriptions and detailed descriptions below are only exemplary and explanatory, and not intended to limit the present application.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0035] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate examples consistent with the present application and, together with the specification, serve to explain the principles of the present application.

FIG. 1 is a first schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 2 is a second schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 3 is a third schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 4 is a fourth schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 5 is a fifth schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 6 is a sixth schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 7 is a seventh schematic diagram of a rotating component according to one or more examples of the present application.

FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a terminal device according to one or more examples of the present application.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0036] Reference will now be made in detail to exemplary embodiments, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. The following description refers to the accompanying drawings in which the same numbers in different drawings represent the same or similar elements unless otherwise represented. The implementations set forth in the following description of exemplary embodiments do not represent all implementations consistent with the present application. Instead, they are merely examples of devices and methods consistent with aspects related to the present application as recited in the appended claims.

[0037] FIG. 1 is a first schematic diagram of a rotating component according to an example of the present application. FIG. 2 is a second schematic diagram of a rotating component according to an example of the present application. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a rotating component 100 includes:

a hinge bracket 101;

a movable strip 102 located on the hinge bracket 101, the movable strip 102 including a first meshing portion 102a facing toward the hinge bracket 101 and a second meshing portion 102b facing away from the hinge bracket 101; and

two rotating structures 103, in which one of the rotating structures 103 is disposed on one side of the movable strip 102 and is meshed with the first meshing portion 102a, and the other one of the rotating structure 103 is disposed on another side of the movable strip 102 and meshed with the second meshing portion 102b.



[0038] When the movable strip 102 moves, the two rotating structures 103 rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions.

[0039] In the examples of the present application, the rotating component may be exerted on a terminal device with a folding function, such as a foldable phone. For example, the rotating component enables two folding portions to synchronously move in a folding process of the foldable phone so that a screen on the foldable phone is uniformly and symmetrically stressed in a bending process, and also enables the inner sides of the two folding portions to have fixed bending angles in the folding process of the foldable phone.

[0040] The movable strip is located on the hinge bracket and is movable relative to the hinge bracket. In some examples, a contact surface between the movable strip with the hinge bracket is smooth. As such, the movable strip is movable on the hinge bracket better through the smooth contact surface.

[0041] In the examples of the present application, the movable strip extends in opposite directions to form a first meshing portion and a second meshing portion. The rotating structure at least includes gears, and one of the two gears of the two rotating structures may be meshed with the first meshing portion and the other one of the two gears of the two rotating structures may be meshed with the second meshing portion.

[0042] In some examples, the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion may be parallel to the hinge bracket. In some examples, the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion may be located in the same plane. In other examples, the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion may be located in different planes. In some examples, as shown in FIG. 2, the movable strip further includes: a connection column for connecting the first meshing portion 102a and the second meshing portion 102b with each other. The connection column may be perpendicular to a plane where the first meshing portion is located and a plane where the second meshing portion is located. In other examples, the movable strip is Z-shaped.

[0043] It should be noted that the connection column may act as a stopper for limiting the rotation of the gear on the first meshing portion or the gear on the second meshing portion. For example, the gear may be prevented from continuing to rotate in the direction of the first meshing portion or the second meshing portion by means of the connection column, so that a rotation angle of the gear can be limited. In other examples, the connection column may also act as a spacer for isolating the two gears located on the movable strip from each other to reduce interference caused by the rotation of the two gears.

[0044] The rotating structure can rotate relative to the hinge bracket. For example, the rotating structure can rotate relative to the hinge bracket through an external force exerted on the rotating structure. For example, the movement of the movable strip can drive the rotating structure to rotate relative to the hinge bracket.

[0045] In the examples of the present application, when the movable strip moves, the two rotating structures rotate synchronously. That is, when one of the two rotating structures rotates, the other one of the two rotating structures rotates accordingly. The synchronous transmission of the two rotating structures on two sides of the movable strip can be achieved based on meshing of the movable strip and the two rotating structures.

[0046] It should be noted that each of the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion is provided with teeth, and the teeth of the first meshing portion and the teeth of the second meshing portion are distributed in the same manner. For example, two adjacent teeth are equally spaced and/or have the same size. As such, when the two rotating structures rotate synchronously, the two rotating structures have the same rotation angle.

[0047] In the examples of the present application, when the movable strip moves, the two rotating structures rotate in opposite rotation directions. That is, the two rotating structures located on two opposite sides of the movable strip can rotate in opposite directions by means of the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion opposite to each other. For example, one of the rotating structures may rotate in a clockwise direction, and the other one of the rotating structures may rotate in a counterclockwise direction.

[0048] It should be noted that the two rotating structures may be connected to two middle frames of a terminal device having a foldable screen, and the foldable screen of the terminal device can be switched between an unfolded state and a folded state by the synchronous rotation of the two rotating structures. For example, when the two rotating structures rotate simultaneously in a direction away from the hinge bracket until an angle between the two rotating structures increases to 180 degrees, the two middle frames of the terminal device are in the same plane, and the foldable screen of the terminal device is in the unfolded state.

[0049] For example, when the two rotating structures rotate simultaneously in a direction close to the hinge bracket until an angle between the two rotating structures decreases to 0 degrees, the two middle frames of the terminal device are parallel, and the foldable screen of the terminal device is in the folded state. In the examples of the present application, the two rotating structures can rotate synchronously by means of the first meshing portion and the second meshing portion of the movable strip, so that components for implementing synchronous rotation can be reduced, the condition of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by assembling a plurality of complex devices in the rotating component can be reduced, and the effect of synchronous rotation can be improved. Furthermore, in the process of driving the foldable screen to be folded, the foldable screen can be accurately and synchronously folded or unfolded.

[0050] In the examples of the present application, one of the two rotating structures is disposed on one side of the movable strip and the other one of the two rotating structures is disposed on another side of the movable strip, and when the movable strip moves, the two rotating structures rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions. That is, in the examples of the present application, only one movable strip is needed to drive the two rotating structures to rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions. As such, the structure of the rotating component can be simplified, the condition of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by complex assembly of the rotating component can be reduced, and the synchronization effect of the rotating component can be improved.

[0051] Moreover, when the movable strip moves, the rotating structures rotate in opposite rotation directions. That is, the movable strip can drive the two rotating structures to rotate in opposite directions, so that when the two rotating structures rotate simultaneously in a direction away from the hinge bracket, the two rotating structures can be unfolded relative to the hinge bracket. When the two rotating structures rotate simultaneously in direction close to the hinge bracket, the two rotating structures can be folded relative to the hinge bracket.

[0052] In some examples, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, each rotating structure includes a rotating slider 103a and a gear 103b connecting the rotating slider 103a and the movable strip 102 with each other.

[0053] The movable strip is matched with the gear, and the gear is matched with the rotating slider. When the movable strip 102 moves, the two gears 103b of the two rotating structures 103 rotate in opposite rotation directions, and the rotation of the two gears 103b drives the two rotating sliders 103a of the two rotating structures 103 to rotate in opposite directions.

[0054] In the examples of the present application, one rotating structure corresponds to one rotating slider and one gear. The rotating slider and the gear can be matched with each other, the rotation of the gear can drive the rotating slider to rotate, and the rotation of the rotating slider can also drive the gear to rotate.

[0055] One of the two rotating structures is disposed on one side of the movable strip and the other one of the two rotating structures is disposed on another side of the movable strip. When the movable strip moves, the two gears connected to the movable strip rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions. For example, when the movable strip moves, one gear may rotate in a clockwise direction and the other gear may rotate in a counterclockwise direction.

[0056] Moreover, the two gears drive the two rotating sliders connected to the two gears to rotate in opposite directions. That is, the two rotating sliders in the examples of the present application can rotate synchronously through the two gears and one movable strip, so that the structure of the rotating component is simple. Compared with the related art in which six gears are used, only two gears are needed in the examples of the present application. Therefore, in the examples of the present application, gear meshing points needed for synchronization can be reduced, the meshing vacancies can be further reduced, the condition of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by complex assembly of a plurality of gears can be reduced, and the synchronization effect of the rotating component can be improved.

[0057] In some examples, as shown in FIG. 3, the rotating slider is provided with a third meshing portion, and the two rotating structures include a first rotating structure A and a second rotating structure B.

[0058] The first meshing portion 102a is meshed with one end of the gear 103b of the first rotating structure A, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider 103a of the first rotating structure A is meshed with another end of the gear 103b of the first rotating structure A opposite to said one end.

[0059] The second meshing portion 102b is meshed with one end of the gear 103b of the second rotating structure B, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider 103a of the second rotating structure B is meshed with another end of the gear 103b of the second rotating structure B opposite to said one end.

[0060] In the examples of the present application, the gear may be an elongated gear, and may also be a gear having teeth at two ends, which is not limited by the examples of the present application.

[0061] The gear of the first rotating structure includes a first synchronous rotating shaft, first teeth, and second teeth. The first teeth are located at one end of the first synchronous rotating shaft and the second teeth are located at another end of the first synchronous rotating shaft. The first teeth are meshed with the first meshing portion. The second teeth are meshed with the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the first rotating structure. The third meshing portion is provided with teeth, and the teeth of the third meshing portion and the second teeth have the same size and the same shape.

[0062] The gear of the second rotating structure includes a second synchronous rotating shaft, third teeth, and fourth teeth. The third teeth are located at one end of the second synchronous rotating shaft and the fourth teeth are located at another end of the second synchronous rotating shaft. The third teeth are meshed with the second meshing portion. The fourth teeth are meshed with the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the second rotating structure. The third meshing portion is provided with teeth, and the teeth of the third meshing portion and the fourth teeth have the same size and the same shape.

[0063] In the examples of the present application, the first meshing portion is meshed with one end of the gear of the first rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the first rotating structure is meshed with another end of the gear of the first rotating structure opposite to said one end. That is, the first meshing portion, the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the first rotating structure, and the teeth of the first rotating structure are meshed with one another to form a transmission between the first rotating structure and the movable strip.

[0064] The second meshing portion is meshed with one end of the gear of the second rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the second rotating structure is meshed with another end of the gear of the second rotating structure opposite to said one end. That is, the first meshing portion, the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the second rotating structure, and the teeth of the first rotating structure are meshed with each other to form a transmission between the second rotating structure and the movable strip.

[0065] It should be noted that each gear includes a gear shaft and teeth connected to two ends of the gear shaft. The first meshing portion may be meshed with the teeth at one end of the gear of the first rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the first rotating structure may be meshed with the teeth at another end of the gear of the first rotating structure. The second meshing portion may be meshed with the teeth at one end of the gear of the second rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider of the second rotating structure may be meshed with the teeth at another end of the gear of the second rotating structure.

[0066] In some examples, as shown in FIG. 4, the rotating slider 103a includes:

a rotating portion 103a1; and

a third meshing portion 103a2, in which the third meshing portion 103a2 is located at one end of the rotating slider 103a and the rotating portion 103a1 is located at another end of the rotating slider 103a opposite to said one end, and the third meshing portion 103a2 is capable to be meshed with the gear 103b.



[0067] When an external force is exerted on the rotating portion to drive the rotating portion into rotation, the movable strip is driven to move through the third meshing portion and the gear.

[0068] In the examples of the present application, the two rotating structures include a first rotating structure and a second rotating structure. When an external force is exerted on the rotating portion of the rotating slider of the first rotating structure, the movable strip can be driven to move through the third meshing portion of the rotating slider, the gear of the first rotating structure, and the first meshing portion of the first rotating structure. When the movable strip moves, the rotating portion of the second rotating structure can be driven to rotate through the second meshing portion, the gear of the second rotating structure, and the third meshing portion of the rotating slider in the second rotating structure. Furthermore, transmission among the first rotating structure, the movable strip, and the second rotating structure is realized, so that the rotating slider of the first rotating structure and the rotating slider of the second rotating structure can rotate synchronously.

[0069] It should be noted that one of the two rotating portions of the two rotating structures may be fixedly connected to one of the two middle frames of the terminal device and the other one of the two rotating portions of the two rotating structures may be fixedly connected to the other one of the two middle frames of the terminal device. Therefore, when an external force is exerted on the rotating portions through the middle frames, the two middle frames can rotate synchronously relative to the hinge bracket, so that the two middle frames can be folded or unfolded.

[0070] In some examples, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 5, the rotating slider further includes:
a trajectory limiting portion 103d disposed opposite to the third meshing portion, in which the trajectory limiting portion 103d and the third meshing portion are located on a same side of the rotating slider, and the trajectory limiting portion 103d is provided with an arc-shaped guide groove 103c.

[0071] A surface of the hinge bracket facing toward the gear is provided with an arc-shaped protrusion 101a.

[0072] The arc-shaped protrusion 101a is embedded in the arc-shaped guide groove 103c.

[0073] In the examples of the present application, the trajectory limiting portion 103d is used to limit a rotating trajectory of the rotating slider.

[0074] The arc-shaped protrusion is matched with the arc-shaped guide groove, so that the arc-shaped protrusion and the arc-shaped guide groove are slidable relative to each other. The matching between the arc-shaped protrusion and the arc-shaped guide groove includes: size matching between the arc-shaped protrusion and the arc-shaped guide groove; or shape matching between the arc-shaped protrusion and the arc-shaped guide groove.

[0075] It should be noted that when the rotating slider rotates, the purpose of limiting the rotating trajectory of the rotating slider can be achieved based on the mutual matching between the arc-shaped protrusion and the arc-shaped guide groove, so that the rotating trajectory of rotating sliding is more accurate.

[0076] In some examples, the trajectory limiting portion 103d includes a first arc-shaped block 103d1 and a second arc-shaped block 103d2 spaced apart from the first arc-shaped block 103d1.

[0077] The first arc-shaped block 103d1 and the second arc-shaped block 103d2 form the arc-shaped guide groove.

[0078] In the examples of the present application, a spacing distance between the first arc-shaped block 103d1 and the second arc-shaped block 103d2 is matched with the width of the arc-shaped protrusion. As such, the arc-shaped protrusion and the arc-shaped guide groove can be better matched with each other, and a moving trajectory of the rotating slider can be better limited.

[0079] Exemplarily, each of the first arc-shaped block 103d1 and the second arc-shaped block 103d2 may be a semi-circular block or a quadrant block, which is not limited by the examples of the present application.

[0080] In some examples, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the gear includes a synchronous rotating shaft 103b1 and teeth 103b2 at two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft 103b1.

[0081] The hinge bracket is provided with a fixing groove 101b.

[0082] The teeth 103b2 at the two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft are located outside the fixing groove, and a middle portion 103b3 between the two ends is located inside the fixing groove.

[0083] In the examples of the present application, the teeth included in the gear are arranged at two opposite ends of the synchronous rotating shaft, so that the rotating slider and the movable strip can be meshed with a respective one of the two opposite ends of the gear respectively.

[0084] It should be noted that the middle portion between the two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft is located in the fixing groove of the hinge bracket and can rotate relative to the fixing groove. In some examples, the surface of the middle portion is smooth. As such, when the gear rotates, the obstruction of the hinge bracket to the middle portion can be reduced, and the gear can rotate better.

[0085] In the examples of the present application, the middle portion of the gear is located in the fixing groove, the position of the gear relative to the hinge bracket can be regarded as a fixed position, and the position of the rotating slider meshed with the gear relative to the hinge bracket is changed along with the rotation of the rotating structure. For example, the rotating slider may rotate close to the hinge bracket, or the rotating slider may rotate away from the hinge bracket, which is not limited by the examples of the present application.

[0086] In some examples, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the rotating component further includes:
a stopping block 104 fixed on the hinge bracket 101 and covering an opening of the fixing groove 101b.

[0087] The middle portion 103b3 is located between the stopping block 104 and the hinge bracket 101.

[0088] That is, the stopping block covers the opening of the fixing groove, so that the gear can be fixed on the hinge bracket without affecting the rotation of the gear.

[0089] The stopping block may be fixed on the hinge bracket through a nut and a screw. For example, a nut is arranged on the hinge bracket, a through hole is provided in the stopping block, and a screw penetrates through the through hole to be connected to the nut, so that the stopping block is fixed on the hinge bracket.

[0090] In some examples, as shown in FIG. 6, the movable strip 102 is located between the two stopping blocks 104 on the two gears.

[0091] In the examples of the present application, the movable strip is arranged between the two stopping blocks, so that the movable strip can be limited to move only in the direction perpendicular to a connection direction between the two stopping blocks, but cannot move in the connection direction between the two stopping blocks, thereby achieving the function of limiting the moving direction of the movable strip.

[0092] In some examples, as shown in FIG. 2, the hinge bracket 101 is provided with a guide slot 101c.

[0093] The second meshing portion 102b is embedded in the guide slot 101c.

[0094] That is, the second meshing portion of the movable strip is movable in the guide slot. The guide slot may be configured to limit the moving distance and the moving direction of the movable strip.

[0095] In the examples of the present application, the contact surface between the second meshing portion and the bottom of the guide slot is smooth. As such, the second meshing portion can move better in the guide slot.

[0096] The examples of the present application also provide a terminal device. As shown in FIG. 7, the terminal device includes:

a first middle frame 201;

a second middle frame 202; and

at least one rotating component 100 in one or more of the foregoing examples, in which the at least one rotating component 100 is located in a hinge groove 203 formed by the first middle frame and the second middle frame, one of two rotating structures of the rotating component 100 is fixed on the first middle frame and the other one of the two rotating structures of the rotating component 100 is fixed on the second middle frame.



[0097] When the two rotating structures rotate synchronously, the first middle frame and the second middle frame are driven to rotate synchronously.

[0098] The terminal device is a terminal device with a flexible screen. The terminal device includes a wearable electronic device or a mobile device. The mobile device includes a mobile phone, a laptop, and a tablet computer, and the wearable electronic device includes a smart bracelet, which is not limited by the examples of the present application.

[0099] A hinge groove is formed between the first middle frame and the second middle frame, which includes: the first middle frame is recessed at a first side edge to form a first groove; the second middle frame is recessed at a second side edge to form a second groove; and when the first side edge is connected with the second side edge, the first groove and the second groove communicate with each other to form the hinge groove.

[0100] One of the two rotating structures of the rotating component is fixed on the first middle frame and the other one of the two rotating structures of the rotating component is fixed on the second middle frame, which includes: one of the two rotating portions of two rotating sliders of the two rotating structures is fixed on the first middle frame and the other one of the two rotating portions of two rotating sliders of the two rotating structures is fixed on the second middle frame. Such a fixing manner includes, but is not limited to, fixing by means of screws and nuts.

[0101] It should be noted that when the two rotating structures rotate synchronously, the first middle frame and the second middle frame are driven to rotate synchronously. That is, the synchronous rotation of the first middle frame and the second middle frame of the terminal device can be achieved by the rotating component. Moreover, according to the rotating component of the examples of the present application, only one movable strip is needed to drive two rotating structures to rotate synchronously, so that the structure of the rotating component can be simplified, the condition of large matching clearance due to an assembly tolerance accumulation caused by complex assembly can be reduced, the synchronization effect of the rotating component can be improved, and the first middle frame and the second middle frame of the terminal device can be further folded or unfolded.

[0102] In some examples, the terminal device includes:
a foldable screen covering the first middle frame and the second middle frame and being foldable at the rotating component.

[0103] In the examples of the present application, the foldable screen is a flexible screen and can be bent. When the rotating component drives the first middle frame and the second middle frame to rotate synchronously, the foldable screen of the terminal device may be switched between an unfolded state and a folded state.

[0104] It should be noted that the two rotating structures of the rotating component include a first rotating structure and a second rotating structure. A rotating portion of a rotating slider of the first rotating structure is fixedly connected to the first middle frame, and a rotating portion of a rotating slider of the second rotating structure is fixedly connected to the second middle frame.

[0105] In the examples of the present application, the synchronous rotation process of the first middle frame and the second middle frame of the terminal device is implemented as follows: 1) when an external force is exerted on the first middle frame, the rotating slider of the first rotating structure is driven to rotate; 2) when the rotating slider of the first rotating structure rotates, the gear of the first rotating structure is driven to rotate; 3) when the gear of the first rotating structure rotates, the movable strip is pushed to move in the guide slot; 4) when the movable strip moves, the gear of the second rotating structure is driven to rotate; and 5) when the gear of the second rotating structure rotates, the rotating slider of the second rotating structure is driven to rotate, so that the rotating slider of the second rotating structure drives the second middle frame to rotate synchronously. As such, when the terminal device is switched between the folded state and the unfolded state, the first middle frame and the second middle frame can be flattened or folded synchronously.

[0106] In some examples, there are two rotating components, and one of the two rotating components is located in the hinge groove at one side of the hinge groove and the other one of the two rotating components is located in the hinge groove at another side of the hinge groove opposite to said one side.

[0107] In the examples of the present application, by arranging the two rotating components, the first middle frame and the second middle frame of the terminal device can rotate smoothly, the pulling of the foldable screen in the rotating process can be reduced, and the service life of the foldable screen can be prolonged.

[0108] It should be noted that the terms "first", "second", and "third" in the examples of the present application are used merely for convenience of description and differentiation, and have no other specific meaning.

[0109] FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a terminal device according to an example of the present application. For example, the terminal device may be a mobile phone, a computer, a digital broadcast terminal, a messaging device, a gaming console, a tablet, a medical device, exercise equipment, a personal digital assistant, and the like.

[0110] Referring to FIG. 8, the terminal device may include one or more of the following components: a processing component 802, a memory 804, a power component 806, a multimedia component 808, an audio component 810, an Input/Output, I/O, interface 812, a sensor component 814, and a communication component 816.

[0111] The processing component 802 typically controls overall operations of the terminal device, such as the operations associated with display, telephone calls, data communications, camera operations, and recording operations. The processing component 802 may include one or more processors 820 for executing instructions to perform all or part of the steps in the described methods. In addition, the processing component 802 may include one or more components to facilitate the interaction between the processing component 802 and other components. For example, the processing component 802 may include a multimedia component to facilitate the interaction between the multimedia component 808 and the processing component 802.

[0112] The memory 804 is configured to store various types of data to support the operation of the terminal device. Examples of such data include instructions for any applications or methods operated on the terminal device, contact data, phone book data, messages, pictures, videos, etc. The memory 804 may be implemented using any type of volatile or non-volatile memory devices, or a combination thereof, such as a Static Random Access Memory, SRAM, an Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory, EEPROM, an Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory, EPROM, a Programmable Read-Only Memory, PROM, a Read-Only Memory, ROM, a magnetic memory, a flash memory, a magnetic disk or an optical disk.

[0113] The power component 806 provides power to various components of the terminal device. The power component 806 may include a power management system, one or more power sources, and any other components associated with the generation, management, and distribution of power in the terminal device.

[0114] The multimedia component 808 includes a screen providing an output interface between the terminal device and a user. In some examples, the screen may include a Liquid Crystal Display, LCD, and a Touch Panel, TP. If the screen includes the TP, the screen may be implemented as a touch screen to receive input signals from the user. The TP includes one or more touch sensors to sense touches, swipes and gestures on the TP. The touch sensors may not only sense a boundary of a touch or swipe action, but also sense a period of time and a pressure associated with the touch or swipe action. The touch sensors may not only sense a boundary of a touch or swipe action, but also sense a period of time and a pressure associated with the touch or swipe action. In some examples, the multimedia component 808 includes a front camera and/or a rear camera. The front camera and/or the rear camera may receive external multimedia data while the terminal device is in an operation mode, such as a photographing mode or a video mode. Each of the front camera and the rear camera may be a fixed optical lens system or may have a focal length and optical zoom capability.

[0115] The audio component 810 is configured to output and/or input audio signals. For example, the audio component 810 includes a Microphone, MIC, configured to receive an external audio signal when the terminal equipment is in an operation mode, such as a call mode, a recording mode, and a voice recognition mode. The received audio signal may be further stored in the memory 804 or transmitted via the communication component 816. In some examples, the audio component 810 further includes a speaker for outputting audio signals.

[0116] The I/O interface 812 provides an interface between the processing component 802 and peripheral interface components, such as a keyboard, a click wheel, or buttons. The buttons may include, but are not limited to, a home button, a volume button, a start button, and a lock button.

[0117] The sensor component 814 includes one or more sensors to provide status assessments of various aspects of the terminal device. For example, the sensor component 814 may detect an open/closed status of the terminal device, and relative positioning of components, e.g., a display and a keypad of the terminal device. The sensor component 814 may further detect a change in position of the terminal device or a component of the terminal device, a presence or absence of user contact with the terminal device, an orientation or an acceleration/deceleration of the terminal device, and a change in temperature of the terminal device. The sensor component 814 may include a proximity sensor configured to detect presence of an object nearby without any physical contact. The sensor component 814 may further include a light sensor, such as a Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor, CMOS, or Charge Coupled Device, CCD, image sensor, for use in imaging applications. In some examples, the sensor component 814 may further include an accelerometer sensor, a gyroscope sensor, a magnetic sensor, a pressure sensor, or a temperature sensor.

[0118] The communication component 816 is configured to facilitate communication, wired or wireless, between the terminal device and other devices. The terminal device may access a wireless network based on a communication standard, such as a Wireless Fidelity, WiFi, network, a 2nd-Generation, 2G, or 3rd-Generation, 3G, network or a combination thereof. In one example, the communication component 816 receives a broadcast signal or broadcast associated information from an external broadcast management system via a broadcast channel. In one example, the communication component 816 further includes a Near Field Communication, NFC, component to facilitate short-range communications. For example, the NFC component may be implemented based on a Radio Frequency Identification, RFID, technology, an Infrared Data Association, IrDA, technology, an Ultra-wideband, UWB, technology, a Bluetooth, BT, technology, and other technologies.

[0119] In one or more examples, the terminal equipment may be implemented with one or more Application Specific Integrated Circuits, ASICs, Digital Signal Processors, DSPs, Digital Signal Processing Devices, DSPDs, Programmable Logic Devices, PLDs, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, FPGAs, controllers, micro-controllers, microprocessors, or other electronic elements, for performing the above described methods.

[0120] Other examples of the present application will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the present application herein. The present application is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the present application following the general principles thereof and including such departures from the present application as come within known or customary practice in the art. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with a true scope and spirit of the present application being indicated by the following claims.

[0121] It will be appreciated that the present application is not limited to the exact construction that has been described above and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and that various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope thereof. It is intended that the scope of the present application only be limited by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A rotating component (100), characterized in that the rotating component (100) comprises:

a hinge bracket (101);

a movable strip (102) disposed on the hinge bracket (101), the movable strip (102) comprising a first meshing portion (102a) facing toward the hinge bracket (101) and a second meshing portion (102b) facing away from the hinge bracket (101); and

two rotating structures (103) comprising a first rotating structure (A) and a second rotating structure (B), the first rotating structure (A) being disposed on a first side of the movable strip (102) and meshed with the first meshing portion (102a), and the second rotating structure (B) being disposed on a second side of the movable strip (102) and meshed with the second meshing portion (102b),

wherein when the movable strip (102) moves, the two rotating structures (103) rotate synchronously in opposite rotation directions.


 
2. The rotating component (100) of claim 1, wherein each rotating structure (103) comprises a rotating slider (103a) and a gear (103b), and the gear (103b) connects the rotating slider (103a) and the movable strip (102) with each other, and
the movable strip (102) is matched with the gear (103b), and the gear (103b) is matched with the rotating slider (103a), wherein when the movable strip (102) moves, two gears (103b) of the two rotating structures (103) rotate in opposite rotation directions, and rotation of the two gears (103b) drives two rotating sliders (103a) of the two rotating structures (103) to rotate in opposite directions.
 
3. The rotating component (100) of claim 2, wherein each rotating slider (103a) is provided with a third meshing portion (103a2), and the two rotating structures (103) comprise the first rotating structure (A) and the second rotating structure (B),
the first meshing portion (102a) is meshed with a first end of the gear (103b) of the first rotating structure (A), and the third meshing portion (103a2) of the rotating slider (103a) of the first rotating structure (A) is meshed with a second end of the gear (103b) of the first rotating structure (A) opposite to said first end, and
the second meshing portion (102b) is meshed with a first end of the gear (103b) of the second rotating structure (B), and the third meshing portion (103a2) of the rotating slider (103a) of the second rotating structure (B) is meshed with a second end of the gear (103b) of the second rotating structure (B) opposite to said first end.
 
4. The rotating component (100) of claim 2, wherein each rotating slider (103a) comprises:

a rotating portion (103a1); and

a third meshing portion (103a2), the third meshing portion (103a2) being located at a first end of the rotating slider (103a) and the rotating portion (103a1) being located at a second end of the rotating slider (103a) opposite to said first end, and the third meshing portion (103a2) being configured to be meshed with the gear (103b),

wherein when an external force is exerted on the rotating portion (103a1) to drive the rotating portion (103a1) into rotation, the movable strip (102) is driven to move through the third meshing portion (103a2) and the gear (103b).


 
5. The rotating component (100) of claim 4, wherein each rotating slider (103a) further comprises:

a trajectory limiting portion (103d) disposed opposite to the third meshing portion (103a2), the trajectory limiting portion (103d) and the third meshing portion (103a2) being disposed on a same side of the rotating slider (103a), wherein the trajectory limiting portion (103d) is provided with an arc-shaped guide groove (103c),

an arc-shaped protrusion (101a) is disposed on a surface of the hinge bracket (101) facing toward the gear (103b), and

the arc-shaped protrusion (101a) is embedded in the arc-shaped guide groove (103c).


 
6. The rotating component (100) of claim 5, wherein the trajectory limiting portion (103d) comprises a first arc-shaped block (103d1), and a second arc-shaped block (103d2) spaced apart from the first arc-shaped block (103d1), and
the first arc-shaped block (103d1) and the second arc-shaped block (103d2) form the arc-shaped guide groove (103c).
 
7. The rotating component (100) of any one of claims 2 to 6, wherein each gear (103b) comprises a synchronous rotating shaft (103b1) and teeth (103b2) at two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft (103b1),
the hinge bracket (101) is provided with a fixing groove (101b), and
the teeth (103b2) at the two ends of the synchronous rotating shaft (103b1) are located outside the fixing groove (101b), and a middle portion (103b3) between the two ends is located inside the fixing groove (101b).
 
8. The rotating component (100) of claim 7, further comprising:

a stopping block (104) fixed on the hinge bracket (101) and covering an opening of the fixing groove (101b),

wherein the middle portion (103b3) is located between the stopping block (104) and the hinge bracket (101).


 
9. The rotating component (100) of claim 8, wherein the movable strip (102) is located between two stopping blocks (104) on the two gears (103b).
 
10. The rotating component (100) of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the hinge bracket (101) is provided with a guide slot (101c), and
the second meshing portion (102b) is embedded in the guide slot (101c).
 
11. The rotating component (100) of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the first meshing portion (102a) and the second meshing portion (102b) are parallel to the hinge bracket (101).
 
12. The rotating component (100) of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the movable strip (102) is Z-shaped.
 
13. A terminal device, characterized in that the terminal device comprises:

a first middle frame (201);

a second middle frame (202); and

at least one rotating component (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the at least one rotating component (100) being located in a hinge groove (203) formed by the first middle frame (201) and the second middle frame (202), the first rotating structure (A) of the at least one rotating component (100) being fixed on the first middle frame (201) and the second rotating structure (B) of the rotating component (100) being fixed on the second middle frame (202),

wherein when the two rotating structures (103) of the at least one rotating component (100) rotate synchronously, the first middle frame (201) and the second middle frame (202) are driven to rotate synchronously.


 
14. The terminal device of claim 13, comprising:
a foldable screen covering the first middle frame (201) and the second middle frame (202), the foldable screen being foldable at the rotating component (100).
 
15. The terminal device of claim 13 or 14, wherein the terminal device comprises two rotating components (100), and a first rotating component (100) is located in the hinge groove (203) at a first side of the hinge groove (203) and a second rotating component (100) is located in the hinge groove (203) at a second side of the hinge groove (203) opposite to said first side.
 




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