(19)
(11)EP 4 057 046 A2

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
14.09.2022 Bulletin 2022/37

(21)Application number: 21216773.8

(22)Date of filing:  22.12.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 9/60(2006.01)
G02B 3/08(2006.01)
G02B 1/118(2015.01)
G02B 13/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
G02B 13/0045; G02B 1/118; G02B 3/08; G02B 9/60
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 23.12.2020 US 202063129826 P
15.01.2021 US 202163137772 P
14.09.2021 TW 110134271

(71)Applicant: Largan Precision Co. Ltd.
Taichung City 408 (TW)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHANG, Chien-Pang
    408 Taichung City (TW)
  • TSAI, Wen-Yu
    408 Taichung City (TW)
  • TENG, Chun-Hung
    408 Taichung City (TW)
  • CHU, Kuo-Chiang
    408 Taichung City (TW)

(74)Representative: Lippert Stachow Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte 
Partnerschaft mbB Postfach 30 02 08
51412 Bergisch Gladbach
51412 Bergisch Gladbach (DE)

  


(54)OPTICAL LENS ASSEMBLY, IMAGING APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE


(57) An optical lens assembly is provided in the present disclosure. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, at least five optical lens elements. At least one of the optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating, and the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, and the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating.




Description

BACKGROUND


Technical Field



[0001] The present disclosure relates to an optical lens assembly and an imaging apparatus. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to an optical lens assembly and an imaging apparatus for preventing reflection.

Description of Related Art



[0002] The effect of reducing reflections in a wide field of wavelength by the coating layers, which are manufactured by conventional anti-reflective coating techniques, is insufficient. The image quality becomes lower because of the strong light in the long-wavelength range. Hence, it is unable to meet the significantly increasing requirement of lens assemblies with high quality for the high-end mobile devices. Furthermore, the number of lens elements in the optical lens assemblies significantly increases correspondingly. Due to the growing difficulty in designing optical systems and the increment of lens elements, it is a trend to develop a coating technique for excellent anti-reflective effect in the wide field of wavelength in the high-end optical systems with multiple lens elements and on the optical lens elements with extreme changes.

SUMMARY



[0003] According to one aspect of the present disclosure, an optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, at least five optical lens elements. At least one of the optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating, and the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, and the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating. When a refractive index of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Ns, the coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, a thickness of the first coating layer is TL1, and a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens assembly as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, the following conditions are satisfied: N1 < Ns; 50 nm ≤ TL1 ≤ 200 nm; and Farw ≤ 0.60.

[0004] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far1, and the following condition can be satisfied: 0.500 ≤ Far1.

[0005] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far2, and the following condition can be satisfied: 0.100 ≤ Far2.

[0006] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is FAR, and the following condition can be satisfied: -7.000 ≤ FAR.

[0007] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, the refractive index of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Ns, and the following condition can be satisfied: 1.530 ≤ Ns ≤ 1.690.

[0008] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, the refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, and the following condition can be satisfied: 1.37 ≤ N1 ≤ 1.63.

[0009] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a material of the first coating layer can be SiO2.

[0010] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, the anti-reflective coating can include at least two coating layers made of different main materials.

[0011] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a wavelength at a trough with lowest reflectance of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Wtmin, and the following condition can be satisfied: 400 nm ≤ Wtmin ≤ 750 nm.

[0012] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a reflectance at the trough with lowest reflectance of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Rtmin, and the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ Rtmin ≤ 0.50%.

[0013] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, an average reflectance between a wavelength of 400 nm - 1000 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R40100, and the following condition can be satisfied: 0.05% ≤ R40100 ≤ 1.5%.

[0014] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a reflectance at a wavelength of 700 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R70, and the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R70 ≤ 1.0%.

[0015] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, at least one surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating can include at least one inflection point.

[0016] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a total number of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating is tLs, and the following condition can be satisfied: 1 ≤ tLs ≤ 2.

[0017] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, the coating layer connecting to the first coating layer is a second coating layer, a thickness of the second coating layer is TL2, and the following condition can be satisfied: 100 nm ≤ TL2 ≤ 250 nm.

[0018] According to the aforementioned optical lens assembly, a total thickness of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating is tTk, and the following condition can be satisfied: 100 nm ≤ tTk ≤ 300 nm.

[0019] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, an imaging apparatus includes the optical lens assembly of the foregoing aspect and an image sensor. The image sensor is disposed on an image surface of the optical lens assembly.

[0020] According to one another aspect of the present disclosure, an electronic device, which is a mobile device, includes the imaging apparatus of the foregoing aspect.

[0021] According to still another aspect of the present disclosure, an imaging apparatus includes the optical lens assembly of the foregoing aspect, a Fresnel lens element and an image sensor. At least one surface of the Fresnel lens element includes an anti-reflective coating, and the anti-reflective coating of the Fresnel lens element is made of aluminum oxide. The image sensor is disposed on an image surface of the optical lens assembly.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0022] The present disclosure can be more fully understood by reading the following detailed description of the embodiment, with reference made to the accompanying drawings as follows:

Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an imaging apparatus according to the 1st embodiment of the present disclosure.

Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a Fresnel lens element of the imaging apparatus of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a partial enlarged schematic view of an anti-reflective coating of the imaging apparatus of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a relationship diagram of reflectance and wavelength of an optical lens assembly according to the comparison.

Fig. 5 is a relationship diagram of reflectance and wavelength of an optical lens assembly according to the 3rd embodiment.

Fig. 6 is a relationship diagram of reflectance and wavelength of an optical lens assembly according to the 4th embodiment.

Fig. 7 is a relationship diagram of reflectance and wavelength of an optical lens assembly according to the 7th embodiment.

Fig. 8 is a relationship diagram of reflectance and wavelength of an optical lens assembly according to the 8th embodiment.

Fig. 9 is a relationship diagram of reflectance and wavelength of an optical lens assembly according to the 9th embodiment.

Fig. 10A is a testing figure of image quality from the optical lens assembly of the comparison under a strong incident light at 40 degrees.

Fig. 10B is a testing figure of image quality from the optical lens assembly of the 4th embodiment under a strong incident light at 40 degrees.

Fig. 11 is a sectional view of an optical lens element including an anti-reflective coating of the 4th embodiment.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0023] According to one aspect of the present disclosure, an optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, at least five optical lens elements. At least one of the optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating, and the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, and the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating.

[0024] When a refractive index of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Ns, the coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, and a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, the following condition is satisfied: N1 < Ns.

[0025] When a thickness of the first coating layer is TL1, the following condition is satisfied: 50 nm ≤ TL1 ≤ 200 nm. Moreover, the following condition can be satisfied: 80 nm ≤ TL1 ≤ 150 nm.

[0026] When the refractive index of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Ns, the refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens assembly as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, wherein Farw represents a deviation factor between the refractive index of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating and the refractive index of the first coating layer, and Farw = ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2, the following condition is satisfied: Farw ≤ 0.60. Moreover, the following conditions can be satisfied: Farw ≤ 0.50; Farw ≤ 0.45; Farw ≤ 0.40; Farw ≤ 0.30; or 0 ≤ Farw ≤ 0.10.

[0027] The optical lens assembly with multiple optical lens elements is provided in the present disclosure. The multiple coating-layer design is adopted to obtain an excellent coating arranging formula in a wide field of wavelength with specific multiple anti-reflective coating factors. Furthermore, due to the characteristic of subwavelength structures on the surface of the anti-reflective coating, the best anti-reflective effect in the wide field of wavelength of the high-quality optical lens assembly with multiple optical lens elements can be obtained. The severe reflective problem, which is difficult to be solved, of strong light at large angle on the optical lens elements with extreme surface shape changes can also be overcome. It is especially suitable for the curved optical lens element and the material with relatively high refractive index, so as to obtain a uniform anti-reflective effect within all fields and the wide field of wavelength. In this regard, when the assembly is applied to the optical lens assembly with multiple optical lens elements, it is favorable for significantly enhancing the imaging quality of the high-end optical lens assembly.

[0028] When a central thickness of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is CT, a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating to a surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is SAGmax, a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far1, wherein Far1 represents a correlation factor of change between the thickness and the horizontal displacements in an off-axis region of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating, and Far1 = |SAGmax|/CT, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.500 ≤ Far1. Through controlling the correlation factor of change between the thickness and the horizontal displacements in the off-axis region of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating in the optical lens assembly, the best coating arrangement in the wide field of wavelength of the optical lens assembly can be effectively obtained. Moreover, the following conditions can be satisfied: 1.000 ≤ Far1; 1.500 ≤ Far1 ≤ 5; 1.700 ≤ Far1 ≤ 10; or 2.000 ≤ Far1 ≤ 100.

[0029] When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of a surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is SPavg, a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is SPmin, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far2, wherein Far2 represents a surface-changing factor in the off-axis region of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating, and Far2 = 1/(|SPavg|×|SPmin|), the following condition can be satisfied: 0.100 ≤ Far2. Through controlling the surface-changing factor in the off-axis region of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating in the optical lens assembly, the best coating arrangement in the wide field of wavelength of the optical lens assembly and the value of applications of the high-end coating can be effectively obtained. Moreover, the following conditions can be satisfied: 0.200 ≤ Far2 ≤ 0.7; 0.300 ≤ Far2 ≤ 0.8; 0.400 ≤ Far2 ≤ 0.9; or 0.500 ≤ Far2 ≤ 1.

[0030] When the first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far1, the second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far2, the super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens assembly as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is FAR, and FAR = LOG(Far1 xFar2xFarw), the following condition can be satisfied: -7.000 ≤ FAR. Through arranging the anti-reflective coating on the most suitable surface of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly, and adjusting the combination of the material of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating and the material of the first coating layer, light can pass the coating layer of the anti-reflective coating from the air into the optical lens element in a way of gradually changing the refractive index thereof. It is favorable for performing the best anti-reflective effect in the wide field of wavelength. Moreover, the following conditions can be satisfied: -5.000 ≤ FAR; -4.000 ≤ FAR; -2.500 ≤ FAR; -2.000 ≤ FAR < 0; or -2.000 ≤ FAR ≤ -1.000.

[0031] When the refractive index of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Ns, the following condition can be satisfied: 1.530 ≤ Ns ≤ 1.690. Through combining the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating with appropriate refractive index and the coating layer of the anti-reflective coating with low refractive index in a middle portion thereof, the anti-reflective effect of the coating layer can be effectively improved. Thus, it is favorable for enhancing the reduction of reflectance. Moreover, the following conditions can be satisfied: 1.400 ≤ Ns ≤ 1.768; or 1.500 ≤ Ns ≤ 1.700.

[0032] When the refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, the following condition can be satisfied: 1.37 ≤ N1 ≤ 1.63. Through using the material with low refractive index, the effect of gradient refractive index can be effectively improved.

[0033] The material of the first coating layer can be SiO2. Through manufacturing the coating layer, which is in contact with the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating, with the material of low refractive index, the best effect of gradient refractive index can be obtained.

[0034] The anti-reflective coating can include at least two coating layers made of different main materials. Through manufacturing the coating layer in the middle portion of the anti-reflective coating with the material of low refractive index, the gradient change of refractive index can be effectively obtained, and the reduction of reflectance in the wide field of wavelength can effectively perform.

[0035] When a wavelength at a trough with lowest reflectance of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Wtmin, the following condition can be satisfied: 400 nm ≤ Wtmin ≤ 750 nm. Through controlling the trough with lowest reflectance in a specific wavelength range, it is favorable for maintaining a consistent low reflective effect from a short wavelength region to a long wavelength region. Moreover, the following conditions can be satisfied: 450 nm ≤ Wtmin ≤ 740 nm; 500 nm ≤ Wtmin ≤ 730 nm; 550 nm ≤ Wtmin ≤ 720 nm; or 600 nm ≤ Wtmin ≤ 710nm.

[0036] When a reflectance at the trough with lowest reflectance of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is Rtmin, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ Rtmin ≤ 0.50%. Through reducing the reflectance at the trough of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating, it is favorable for improving the anti-reflective effect of the coating layer of the anti-reflective coating at a specific wavelength.

[0037] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 400 nm - 1000 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R40100, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.05% ≤ R40100 ≤ 1.5%. Thus, the overall low reflectance in a super-wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0038] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 700 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R70, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R70 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance at a specific wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0039] At least one surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating can include at least one inflection point. By the design of the inflection point at the surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating according to the present disclosure, it is favorable for obtaining the cost efficiency of coating by the atomic layer deposition method. A uniform coating can be manufactured on the surface, which has extreme surface shape changes, of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. A defect of strong reflective light at a peripheral region of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating due to the reflectance offset, which is caused by the difference between the coating layer thicknesses of the anti-reflective coating, can be avoided.

[0040] When a total number of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating is tLs, the following condition can be satisfied: 1 ≤ tLs ≤ 2. Through controlling the number of the coating layer, the manufacturing efficiency can be effectively enhanced and the cost can be reduced.

[0041] When the coating layer connecting to the first coating layer is a second coating layer, and a thickness of the second coating layer is TL2, the following condition can be satisfied: 100 nm ≤ TL2 ≤ 250 nm. Through controlling the thickness of the second coating layer, it is favorable for obtaining the best anti-reflective effect.

[0042] When a total thickness of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating is tTk, the following condition can be satisfied: 100 nm ≤ tTk ≤ 300 nm. Through controlling the total thickness of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating, the overall low reflective effect in the wide field of wavelength can be effectively maintained. Moreover, the following condition can be satisfied: 200 nm ≤ tTk ≤ 250 nm.

[0043] According to one embodiment of another aspect of the present disclosure, an imaging apparatus includes the optical lens assembly of the aforementioned aspect and an image sensor. The image sensor is disposed on an image surface of the optical lens assembly.

[0044] According to another embodiment of another aspect of the present disclosure, an imaging apparatus includes the optical lens assembly of the aforementioned aspect, a Fresnel lens element and an image sensor. At least one surface of the Fresnel lens element includes an anti-reflective coating, and the anti-reflective coating of the Fresnel lens element is made of aluminum oxide. The image sensor is disposed on an image surface of the optical lens assembly. According to the present disclosure, the anti-reflective coating of wide field of wavelength is designed to be manufactured on the Fresnel lens element, so as to solve the high reflective problem at the inflection of surface shape on the Fresnel lens element.

[0045] According to one another aspect of the present disclosure, an electronic device, which is a mobile device, includes the imaging apparatus of the aforementioned aspect.

[0046] When a field of view of the optical lens assembly is FOV, the following conditions can be satisfied: 60 degrees ≤ FOV ≤ 220 degrees; or 70 degrees ≤ FOV ≤ 100 degrees.

[0047] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 400 nm - 700 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R4070, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.05% ≤ R4070 ≤ 1.5%. Thus, the low reflectance in the visible light range of super-wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0048] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 400 nm - 600 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R4060, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.05% ≤ R4060 ≤ 1.5%. Thus, the low reflectance in the blue light and green light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0049] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 500 nm - 600 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R5060, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R5060 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the green light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0050] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 600 nm - 700 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R6070, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R6070 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the red light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0051] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 600 nm - 800 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R6080, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R6080 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the red light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0052] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 700 nm - 1000 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R70100, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.05% ≤ R70100 ≤ 2.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0053] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 800 nm - 1000 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R80100, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.05% ≤ R80100 ≤ 2.5%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0054] When an average reflectance between a wavelength of 900 nm - 1000 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R90100, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.10% ≤ R90100 ≤ 5.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0055] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 400 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R40, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.10% ≤ R40 ≤ 35%. Thus, the low reflectance in the blue visible light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0056] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 500 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R50, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R50 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the green visible light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0057] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 600 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R60, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R60 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the red visible light range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0058] When the reflectance at the wavelength of 700 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R70, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R70 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0059] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 800 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R80, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.01% ≤ R80 ≤ 1.0%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0060] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 900 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R90, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.10% ≤ R90 ≤ 1.5%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0061] When a reflectance at a wavelength of 1000 nm of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is R100, the following condition can be satisfied: 0.10% ≤ R100 ≤ 10%. Thus, the low reflectance in the long-wavelength range of wide field of wavelength can be effectively controlled.

[0062] A refractive index of the second coating layer is N2, a refractive index of a material with high refractive index of the anti-reflective coating is NH, and a refractive index of a material with low refractive index of the anti-reflective coating is NL.

[0063] The construction of the optical lens assembly with excellent quality in the present disclosure must be designed optimally by the comprehensive evaluation of the parameters of the anti-reflective coating factors, such as the super-wide field of wavelength factor, the first anti-reflective coating arranging factor, the second anti-reflective coating arranging factor and the major anti-reflective coating arranging factor. The anti-reflective coating is disposed on the specific surface of the plastic optical lens element, so as to obtain the best anti-reflective effect and great imaging quality of the anti-reflective coating.

[0064] The anti-reflective coating designs can be modified properly and then applied to the optical lens elements of optical lens assemblies of other embodiments. The number of coating layers of the anti-reflective coating, the materials of the optical lens elements, and the coating materials with high refractive index material or low refractive index of the anti-reflective coating can be changed to meet the requirements. The anti-reflective coating can be applied to different optical lens assemblies and to the most suitable optical lens element after evaluating the various arranging factors optimally.

[0065] The optical lens assembly according to the present disclosure includes at least one trough at a wavelength of 400 nm - 1000 nm. The trough is defined sequentially from short wavelength to long wavelength.

[0066] The troughs are sequentially defined based on the central region and increasingly from short wavelength to long wavelength, as T1, T2, T3, etc.

[0067] It is the most preferable that the optical lens element includes the anti-reflective coatings on the both surfaces thereof, but the anti-reflective coating can also be manufactured only on one suitable surface thereof. By adopting the technique of the present disclosure to the most suitable surfaces of the optical lens elements, the anti-reflective coatings manufactured by the atomic layer deposition method will have optimal values. The balance between the cost and the quality can be achieved. Also, by manufacturing the anti-reflective coatings on the material of optical lens elements having the most suitable refractive index, the best anti-reflective effect can be obtained.

[0068] The reflectance in the present disclosure is measured from a single surface of one optical lens element, and the data at the incident angle of 0 degrees is chosen to be the basis for the comparison of reflectance.

[0069] The pore distribution on the surface of the optical lens element can be effectively improved by the surface pore-forming process. Therefore, the distance between the pores on the surface of the optical lens element can increase, the pore structure can be sponge-like or the density of pores can be changed. The pore-forming effect can also change along the depth of the anti-reflective coating. For example, the outer side of the anti-reflective coating in contact with the air has larger pore structure, while the deeper inner side thereof has relatively smaller pore structure. The aforementioned pores are made of the spaces between the irregular nanofiber structures, and the air can stay or communicate between the pores. The outer side and inner side of the anti-reflective coating are that, in the sectional views and schematic views, the outer side is the side of the anti-reflective coating exposed to the air, and the inner side is the side of the anti-reflective coating closer to the optical lens element or the substrate. The pores/notches at the outer side are relatively larger than those at the inner side, which also means that the irregular branch-like structure distributes with a lower density at the outer side of a plane, and the irregular branch-like structure distributes with a higher density at the inner side of the same plane. The surface pore-forming process can be achieved by plasma etching, chemical etching, time-controlling crystalline size technique, or high-temperature solution treatment, such as immersion in alcohol or water over 50 degrees.

[0070] The refractive index of the material with high refractive index of the anti-reflective coatings in the present disclosure can be greater than 2.0, and the refractive index of the material with low refractive index of the anti-reflective coatings can be smaller than 1.8. For example, the materials of the anti-reflective coatings (refractive index at the wavelength of 587.6 nm) can be: magnesium fluoride (MgF2, 1.3777), silicon dioxide (SiO2, 1.4585), thorium tetrafluoride (ThF4, 1.5125), silicon monoxide (SiO, 1.55), cerium trifluoride (CeF3, 1.63), aluminum oxide (Al2O3, 1.7682), yttrium oxide (Y2O3, 1.79), hafnium dioxide (HfO2, 1.8935), zinc oxide (ZnO, 1.9269), scandium oxide (SC2O3, 1.9872), aluminum nitride (AIN, 2.0294), silicon nitride (Si3N4, 2.0381), tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5, 2.1306), zirconium dioxide (ZrO2, 2.1588), zinc sulfide (ZnS, 2.2719), niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5, 2.3403), titanium dioxide (TiO2, 2.6142) or titanium nitride (TiN, 3.1307). The materials of the anti-reflective coatings can also be the mixture of magnesium fluoride-silicon dioxide (MgF2-SiO2), and the ratio of each composition thereof is [SiO2] > [MgF2].

[0071] The material (N1) of the first coating layer closest to the material surface of the plastic optical lens element can be the material with low refractive index, such as magnesium fluoride (MgF2, 1.3777), silicon dioxide (SiO2, 1.4585), thorium tetrafluoride (ThF4, 1.5125), silicon monoxide (SiO, 1.55) or cerium trifluoride (CeF3, 1.63). The material of the first coating layer can also be the mixture of magnesium fluoride-silicon dioxide (MgF2-SiO2), and the ratio of each composition thereof is [SiO2] > [MgF2]. The material (N2) of the second coating layer can be aluminum nitride (AIN), aluminum oxide (Al2O3), aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3) or mixtures with aluminum.

[0072] The anti-reflective coating of the present disclosure can be made by coating a single coating layer or a plurality of coating layers on the surface of the plastic optical lens element. Physical vapor deposition (PVD) can be adopted, such as evaporative deposition or sputtering deposition, or chemical vapor deposition (CVD) can be adopted, such as ultra-high vacuum chemical vapor deposition, microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition, plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition or atomic layer deposition (ALD).

[0073] The all fields of the present disclosure are from the central field of view (0 Field) to the field of view of maximum image height (1.0 Field). The all fields cover the optical effective region on the surface of the optical lens element.

[0074] The tangent slopes of the surfaces of the optical lens elements are calculated as the optical axis being horizontal, and the tangent slopes in a paraxial region thereof are infinity (INF, ∞).

[0075] The optical lens assembly can further include a Fresnel lens element, and the Fresnel lens element includes an anti-reflective coating of aluminum oxide material on the surface thereof.

[0076] Thickness and high temperature will make the error of the surface shape change of the plastic optical lens elements become too large. When the number of coating layers of the anti-reflective coating increases, the effect of temperature on the surface shape accuracy is more obvious. The lens correcting technology can effectively solve the temperature effect problem as coating the plastic surface of the optical lens elements, which is favorable for maintaining the integrity of the coating on the optical lens elements and the high precision of the plastic optical lens elements, so as to obtain the optical lens assembly with high quality.

[0077] The lens correcting technology uses methods such as moldflow analysis method, curve fitting function method or wavefront aberration method, which is not limited thereto. The moldflow analysis method uses moldflow analysis to find out the three-dimensional contour nodes of the surface of the optical lens element which contracts on the Z axis. The three-dimensional contour nodes are converted into an aspherical curve to be compared with the original curve. At the same time, the correction value is calculated by considering the shrinkage rate of the material of the optical lens element and the deformation trend of surface shape. The curve fitting function method is to measure the contour deviation of the surface of the optical lens element, and the fitting curve approaches to the measuring point to obtain the correction value by curve-fitting with a function and then by an optimization algorithm. The function can be exponential or polynomial, and the optimization algorithm can be Gauss Newton algorithm, simplex algorithm or steepest descent method. The wavefront aberration method is to measure the wavefront aberration (imaging aberration) data of the optical lens assembly with an interferometer. The wavefront aberration generated during manufacturing and assembling is comprehensively analyzed with the wavefront aberration of the original design value, and the correction value is obtained after optimized with optical software.

[0078] According to the above description of the present disclosure, the following specific embodiments are provided for further explanation.

<1st Embodiment>



[0079] Please refer to Fig. 1. Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an imaging apparatus according to the 1st embodiment of the present disclosure. In Fig. 1, the imaging apparatus of the 1st embodiment includes an optical lens assembly (its reference number is omitted) and an image sensor 152. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, five optical lens elements (not shown) and an image surface 151. The image sensor 152 is disposed on the image surface 151 of the optical lens assembly. When a field of view of the optical lens assembly of the 1st embodiment is FOV, the following condition is satisfied: FOV = 74.74 degrees.

[0080] The aforementioned five optical lens elements are, from the object side to the image side, an optical lens element L1, an optical lens element L2, an optical lens element L3, an optical lens element L4 and an optical lens element L5. At least one of the five optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating. The optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating.

[0081] When a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens element L1 as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, the following condition is satisfied: Farw = 0.071. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L1 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L1 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L1 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.535; Far2 = 0.295; and FAR = -1.950. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L1 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L1 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L1 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.010; Far2 = 0.012; and FAR = -5.050.

[0082] When a central thickness of the optical lens element L1 is CT, the following condition is satisfied: CT = 0.63. The coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, and a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1. When a refractive index of the optical lens element L1 is Ns, the following condition is satisfied: Ns = 1.54.

[0083] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L1 to the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L1 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.34. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L1 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 2.67. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L1 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 1.27.

[0084] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L1 to the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L1 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.01. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L1 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 29.41. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L1 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 2.79.

[0085] When a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens element L2 as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, the following condition is satisfied: Farw = 0.334. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L2 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L2 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L2 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.058; Far2 = 0.003; and FAR = -4.271. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L2 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L2 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L2 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.730; Far2 = 0.156; and FAR = -1.421.

[0086] When a central thickness of the optical lens element L2 is CT, the following condition is satisfied: CT = 0.25. The coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, and a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1. When a refractive index of the optical lens element L2 is Ns, the following condition is satisfied: Ns = 1.64.

[0087] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L2 to the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L2 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.01. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L2 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 43.48. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L2 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 8.33.

[0088] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L2 to the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L2 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.18. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L2 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 4.61. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L2 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 1.39.

[0089] When a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens element L3 as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, the following condition is satisfied: Farw = 0.334. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L3 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L3 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L3 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.370; Far2 = 0.031; and FAR = -2.411. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L3 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L3 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L3 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.327; Far2 = 0.018; and FAR = -2.695.

[0090] When a central thickness of the optical lens element L3 is CT, the following condition is satisfied: CT = 0.26. The coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, and a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1. When a refractive index of the optical lens element L3 is Ns, the following condition is satisfied: Ns = 1.64.

[0091] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L3 to the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L3 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.10. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L3 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 9.09. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L3 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 3.50.

[0092] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L3 to the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L3 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.09. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L3 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 11.90. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L3 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 4.55.

[0093] When a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens element L4 as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, the following condition is satisfied: Farw = 0.078. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L4 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L4 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L4 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.228; Far2 = 0.021; and FAR = -3.415. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L4 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L4 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L4 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 0.765; Far2 = 0.159; and FAR = -2.020.

[0094] When a central thickness of the optical lens element L4 is CT, the following condition is satisfied: CT = 0.64. The coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, and a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1. When a refractive index of the optical lens element L4 is Ns, the following condition is satisfied: Ns = 1.54.

[0095] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L4 to the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L4 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.15. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L4 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 9.26. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L4 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 5.03.

[0096] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L4 to the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L4 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.49. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L4 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 3.17. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L4 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 1.98.

[0097] When a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens element L5 as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, the following condition is satisfied: Farw = 0.078. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L5 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L5 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L5 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 1.911; Far2 = 0.172; and FAR = -1.588. When a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L5 is Far1, a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L5 is Far2, and a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L5 is FAR, the following conditions are satisfied: Far1 = 1.272; Far2 = 0.262; and FAR = -1.582.

[0098] When a central thickness of the optical lens element L5 is CT, the following condition is satisfied: CT = 0.32. The coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, and a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1. When a refractive index of the optical lens element L5 is Ns, the following condition is satisfied: Ns = 1.54.

[0099] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L5 to the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L5 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.62. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L5 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 3.32. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the object-side surface R1 of the optical lens element L5 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 1.75.

[0100] When a maximum of displacements in parallel with an optical axis from an axial vertex of the optical lens element L5 to the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L5 is SAGmax, the following condition is satisfied: |SAGmax| = 0.41. When an average of tangent slopes in an optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L5 is SPavg, the following condition is satisfied: |SPavg| = 3.45. When a minimum of the tangent slopes in the optical effective diameter region of the image-side surface R2 of the optical lens element L5 is SPmin, the following condition is satisfied: |SPmin| = 1.11.

[0101] Please also refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3. Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a Fresnel lens element 140 of the imaging apparatus of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a partial enlarged schematic view of an anti-reflective coating of the imaging apparatus of Fig. 1. The imaging apparatus of the 1st embodiment can further include a barrel element 110, a light-blocking element 120, a spacing element 130 and the Fresnel lens element 140. The anti-reflective coatings can be arranged on an outer surface 111 of the barrel element 110, an inner surface 112 of the barrel element 110, a surface 121 of the light-blocking element 120, a surface 131 of the spacing element 130, a surface 141 of the Fresnel lens element 140, the optical effective diameter regions A1 of the object-side surfaces of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly, the optical effective diameter regions A2 of the image-side surfaces of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly and non-optical effective diameter regions A3 of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly. The anti-reflective coatings have the structure shown in Fig. 3.

[0102] The parameter values of each of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly according to the 1st embodiment are shown in Table 1 below.
Table 1 - Coating Evaluation of Each Optical Lens Element of the 1st Embodiment
FOV (degrees)74.74
  L1 L2 L3 L4 L5
CT (mm) 0.63 0.25 0.26 0.64 0.32
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.64 1.64 1.54 1.54
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.071 0.334 0.334 0.078 0.078
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.34 0.01 0.10 0.15 0.62
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.535 0.058 0.370 0.228 1.911
|SPmin| 1.27 8.33 3.50 5.03 1.75
|SPavg| 2.67 43.48 9.09 9.26 3.32
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.295 0.003 0.031 0.021 0.172
FAR=LOG(Far1x Far2×Farw) -1.950 -4.271 -2.411 -3.415 -1.588
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.01 0.18 0.09 0.49 0.41
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.010 0.730 0.327 0.765 1.272
|SPmin| 2.79 1.39 4.55 1.98 1.11
|SPavg| 29.41 4.61 11.90 3.17 3.45
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.012 0.156 0.018 0.159 0.262
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -5.050 -1.421 -2.695 -2.020 -1.582

<2nd Embodiment>



[0103] The imaging apparatus of the 2nd embodiment includes an optical lens assembly and an image sensor. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, six optical lens elements and an image surface. The image sensor is disposed on the image surface of the optical lens assembly. When a field of view of the optical lens assembly of the 2nd embodiment is FOV, the following condition is satisfied: FOV = 85.45 degrees.

[0104] The aforementioned six optical lens elements are, from the object side to the image side, an optical lens element L1, an optical lens element L2, an optical lens element L3, an optical lens element L4, an optical lens element L5 and an optical lens element L6. At least one of the six optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating. The optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating. Each of the six optical lens elements includes an object-side surface R1 and an image-side surface R2.

[0105] The parameter values of each of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly according to the 2nd embodiment are shown in Table 2 below. The definitions of these parameters shown in the following table are the same as those stated in the 1st embodiment with corresponding values for the 2nd embodiment, so an explanation in this regard will not be provided again.
Table 2 - Coating Evaluation of Each Optical Lens Element of the 2nd Embodiment
FOV (degrees)85.45
 L1L2L3L4L5
CT (mm) 0.82 0.28 0.55 0.35 0.77
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.69 1.54 1.59 1.54
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.071 0.516 0.078 0.174 0.078
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.58 0.06 0.11 0.35 0.45
  Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.711 0.208 0.202 0.995 0.590
|SPmin| 1.21 4.65 2.34 1.33 1.81
|SPavg| 2.53 19.23 11.24 4.67 5.85
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.326 0.011 0.038 0.161 0.094
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.783 -2.921 -3.220 -1.555 -2.360
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.07 0.17 0.24 0.31 0.90
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.090 0.596 0.439 0.900 1.172
|SPmin| 11.90 1.67 1.86 1.08 2.21
|SPavg| 18.52 6.17 6.58 5.85 3.48
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.005 0.097 0.082 0.158 0.130
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -4.537 -1.524 -2.551 -1.605 -1.923
  L6  
CT (mm) 0.59
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.53
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.061
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 1.06
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 1.811
|SPmin| 1.42
|SPavg| 3.25
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.216
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.623
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.88
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 1.503
|SPmin| 1.21
|SPavg| 3.36
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.247
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.646

<3rd Embodiment>



[0106] The imaging apparatus of the 3rd embodiment includes an optical lens assembly and an image sensor. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, seven optical lens elements and an image surface. The image sensor is disposed on the image surface of the optical lens assembly. When a field of view of the optical lens assembly of the 3rd embodiment is FOV, the following condition is satisfied: FOV = 78.95 degrees.

[0107] The aforementioned seven optical lens elements are, from the object side to the image side, an optical lens element L1, an optical lens element L2, an optical lens element L3, an optical lens element L4, an optical lens element L5, an optical lens element L6 and an optical lens element L7. At least one of the seven optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating. The optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating. Each of the seven optical lens elements includes an object-side surface R1 and an image-side surface R2.

[0108] The parameter values of each of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly according to the 3rd embodiment are shown in Table 3 below. The definitions of these parameters shown in the following table are the same as those stated in the 1st embodiment with corresponding values for the 3rd embodiment, so an explanation in this regard will not be provided again.
Table 3 - Coating Evaluation of Each Optical Lens Element of the 3rd Embodiment
FOV (degrees)78.95
 L1L2L3L4L5
CT (mm) 0.90 0.36 0.58 0.41 1.16
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.66 1.54 1.66 1.54
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.071 0.411 0.078 0.411 0.078
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.50 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.13
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.556 0.475 0.244 0.345 0.115
|SPmin| 2.08 3.91 1.78 2.92 9.17
|SPavg| 3.77 10.31 11.36 9.17 15.87
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.127 0.025 0.049 0.037 0.007
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -2.298 -2.314 -3.029 -2.276 -4.212
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.05 0.27 0.37 0.08 0.70
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.058 0.755 0.635 0.187 0.607
|SPmin| 5.21 2.19 1.04 4.35 1.78
|SPavg| 35.71 5.92 4.65 15.38 3.50
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.005 0.077 0.206 0.015 0.161
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -4.652 -1.621 -1.993 -2.939 -2.120
  L6 L7  
CT (mm) 0.51 0.54
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.54      
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.078 0.078
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.51 0.83
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 1.005 1.528
|SPmin| 0.79 1.79
|SPavg| 2.59 3.70
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.488 0.151
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.420 -1.746
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.42 0.60
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.814 1.107
|SPmin| 0.81 1.47
|SPavg| 2.67 3.41
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.463 0.199
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.534 -1.767

<4th Embodiment>



[0109] The imaging apparatus of the 4th embodiment includes an optical lens assembly and an image sensor. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, seven optical lens elements and an image surface. The image sensor is disposed on the image surface of the optical lens assembly. When a field of view of the optical lens assembly of the 4th embodiment is FOV, the following condition is satisfied: FOV = 84.98 degrees.

[0110] The aforementioned seven optical lens elements are, from the object side to the image side, an optical lens element L1, an optical lens element L2, an optical lens element L3, an optical lens element L4, an optical lens element L5, an optical lens element L6 and an optical lens element L7. At least one of the seven optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating. The optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating. Each of the seven optical lens elements includes an object-side surface R1 and an image-side surface R2.

[0111] The parameter values of each of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly according to the 4th embodiment are shown in Table 4 below. The definitions of these parameters shown in the following table are the same as those stated in the 1st embodiment with corresponding values for the 4th embodiment, so an explanation in this regard will not be provided again.
Table 4 - Coating Evaluation of Each Optical Lens Element of the 4th Embodiment
FOV (degrees)84.98
 L1L2L3L4L5
CT (mm) 0.83 0.25 0.28 0.60 0.38
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.69 1.67 1.54 1.57
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.071 0.516 0.446 0.078 0.123
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.64 0.17 0.10 0.05 0.59
  Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.777 0.698 0.370 0.091 1.544
|SPmin| 1.15 2.16 2.49 3.52 0.75
|SPavg| 2.43 7.75 11.11 18.87 3.41
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.357 0.060 0.036 0.015 0.390
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.705 -1.668 -2.224 -3.968 -1.131
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.09 0.25 0.08 0.35 0.45
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.113 1.007 0.274 0.587 1.190
|SPmin| 9.35 1.44 4.50 1.82 2.08
|SPavg| 16.13 4.72 14.08 5.13 5.65
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.007 0.147 0.016 0.107 0.085
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -4.275 -1.116 -2.715 -2.309 -1.906
  L6 L7  
CT (mm) 0.54 0.50
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.53
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.078 0.062
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.51 1.10
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.949 2.205
|SPmin| 1.20 1.43
|SPavg| 3.34 3.45
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.250 0.203
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.731 -1.560
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.70 1.14
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 1.309 2.280
|SPmin| 1.45 1.33
|SPavg| 3.38 3.05
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.205 0.246
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.678 -1.462

<5th Embodiment>



[0112] The imaging apparatus of the 5th embodiment includes an optical lens assembly and an image sensor. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, eight optical lens elements and an image surface. The image sensor is disposed on the image surface of the optical lens assembly. When a field of view of the optical lens assembly of the 5th embodiment is FOV, the following condition is satisfied: FOV = 85.11 degrees.

[0113] The aforementioned eight optical lens elements are, from the object side to the image side, an optical lens element L1, an optical lens element L2, an optical lens element L3, an optical lens element L4, an optical lens element L5, an optical lens element L6, an optical lens element L7 and an optical lens element L8. At least one of the eight optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating. The optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating. Each of the eight optical lens elements includes an object-side surface R1 and an image-side surface R2.

[0114] The parameter values of each of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly according to the 5th embodiment are shown in Table 5 below. The definitions of these parameters shown in the following table are the same as those stated in the 1st embodiment with corresponding values for the 5th embodiment, so an explanation in this regard will not be provided again.
Table 5 - Coating Evaluation of Each Optical Lens Element of the 5th Embodiment
FOV (degrees)85.11
 L1L2L3L4L5
CT (mm) 1.15 0.33 0.34 0.61 0.39
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.69 1.69 1.54 1.67
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.071 0.516 0.516 0.078 0.446
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.97 0.24 0.09 0.14 0.36
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.840 0.741 0.271 0.230 0.906
|SPmin| 1.01 2.06 6.02 4.29 2.34
|SPavg| 2.24 8.20 19.23 12.82 6.17
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.445 0.059 0.009 0.018 0.069
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.576 -1.644 -2.918 -3.485 -1.552
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.20 0.34 0.09 0.40 0.33
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.172 1.037 0.277 0.655 0.843
|SPmin| 5.29 1.54 3.77 1.29 2.61
|SPavg| 10.31 5.26 17.86 5.15 7.30
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.018 0.124 0.015 0.150 0.052
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -3.650 -1.179 -2.672 -2.113 -1.705
  L6 L7 L8  
CT (mm) 0.43 0.69 0.86
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.59 1.57 1.53  
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.174 0.123 0.062
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.85 1.32 1.87
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 2.002 1.910 2.164
|SPmin| 0.65 0.92 1.50
|SPavg| 2.92 2.60 3.10
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.530 0.417 0.216
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -0.733 -1.010 -1.542
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.87 1.47 2.03
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 2.034 2.124 2.351
|SPmin| 1.32 1.32 1.17
|SPavg| 3.60 2.82 3.00
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.210 0.267 0.284
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.128 -1.157 -1.387

<6th Embodiment>



[0115] The imaging apparatus of the 6th embodiment includes an optical lens assembly and an image sensor. The optical lens assembly includes, from an object side to an image side, nine optical lens elements and an image surface. The image sensor is disposed on the image surface of the optical lens assembly. When a field of view of the optical lens assembly of the 6th embodiment is FOV, the following condition is satisfied: FOV = 86.76 degrees.

[0116] The aforementioned nine optical lens elements are, from the object side to the image side, an optical lens element L1, an optical lens element L2, an optical lens element L3, an optical lens element L4, an optical lens element L5, an optical lens element L6, an optical lens element L7, an optical lens element L8 and an optical lens element L9. At least one of the nine optical lens elements includes an anti-reflective coating. The optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material. The anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface or an image-side surface of the optical lens element including the anti-reflective coating. The anti-reflective coating includes at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outermost of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide. The anti-reflective coating includes a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outermost of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the innermost of the anti-reflective coating. Each of the nine optical lens elements includes an object-side surface R1 and an image-side surface R2.

[0117] The parameter values of each of the optical lens elements in the optical lens assembly according to the 6th embodiment are shown in Table 6 below. The definitions of these parameters shown in the following table are the same as those stated in the 1st embodiment with corresponding values for the 6th embodiment, so an explanation in this regard will not be provided again.
Table 6 - Coating Evaluation of Each Optical Lens Element of the 6th Embodiment
FOV (degrees)86.76
 L1L2L3L4L5 
CT (mm) 1.14 0.31 0.32 0.50 0.36  
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.54 1.69 1.69 1.54 1.66  
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.071 0.516 0.516 0.078 0.411  
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.96 0.24 0.11 0.12 0.28
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.837 0.780 0.336 0.247 0.788
|SPmin| 1.06 1.72 5.52 5.29 2.98
|SPavg| 2.26 7.69 15.38 13.70 7.04
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.417 0.076 0.012 0.014 0.048
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -1.605 -1.516 -2.690 -3.574 -1.812
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.18 0.33 0.13 0.35 0.32
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 0.160 1.075 0.415 0.702 0.897
|SPmin| 6.02 1.32 2.17 1.09 2.82
|SPavg| 11.36 5.00 10.75 5.88 7.04
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.015 0.152 0.043 0.156 0.050
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -3.778 -1.074 -2.036 -2.066 -1.732
  L6 L7 L8 L9  
CT (mm) 0.43 0.52 0.64 0.71
Ns (587.6 nm) 1.64 1.59 1.54 1.53
Farw= ((N1-Ns)/(N1+Ns))2 0.332 0.174 0.078 0.062
R1 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.94 1.56 1.02 1.51
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 2.170 2.992 1.594 2.120
|SPmin| 0.43 0.88 2.00 2.19
|SPavg| 2.53 2.29 4.50 3.97
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.914 0.498 0.111 0.115
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -0.181 -0.586 -1.858 -1.823
R2 |SAGmax| (mm) 0.91 1.75 1.23 1.63
Far1= SAGmax|/CT 2.088 3.350 1.924 2.291
|SPmin| 1.23 0.71 1.72 1.72
|SPavg| 3.34 2.20 4.18 3.75
Far2=1/(|SPavg|× |SPmin|) 0.242 0.638 0.139 0.156
FAR=LOG(Far1× Far2×Farw) -0.774 -0.429 -1.679 -1.658

<Reflectance Measurement Results at Different Wavelengths>



[0118] First, the arrangements of the anti-reflective coatings of the comparison and the 1st embodiment to the 9th embodiment are shown in Table 7 below.
Table 7 - Arrangements of Anti-Reflective Coatings of Comparison and 1st Embodiment to 9th Embodiment
Comparison1st Embodiment to 9th Embodiment
Order of Coating Layers Material Refractive Index Physical Thickness (nm) Order of Coating Layers Material Refractive Index Physical Thickness (nm)
Substrate Plastic 1.55 - Substrate Plastic 1.53-1.69 -
1 TiO2 (PVD) 2.34867 (NH) 14 1 SiO2 (PVD) 1.46 (N1) 100
2 SiO2 (PVD) 1.4618 (NL) 33 2 Al2O3 (CVD) 1.21 (N2) 115
3 TiO2 (PVD) 2.34867 (NH) 56        
4 SiO2 (PVD) 1.4618 (NL) 9        
5 TiO2 (PVD) 2.34867 (NH) 42        
6 SiO2 (PVD) 1.4618 (NL) 92        
Total Thickness (tTK) 246 Total Thickness (tTK) 215


[0119] In Table 7, the anti-reflective coating of the comparison includes six coating layers, and a total thickness of coating layers thereof is 246 nm. In comparison, each of the anti-reflective coatings of the 1st embodiment to the 9th embodiment only includes two coating layers, and a total thickness of coating layers thereof is only 215 nm. It shows that the arrangement of the anti-reflective coating according to the present disclosure can effectively improve the manufacturing efficiency and save the cost.

[0120] The comparison, 3rd embodiment, 4th embodiment, 7th embodiment, 8th embodiment and 9th embodiment are measured to obtain the wavelengths at trough, reflectance at trough and reflectance at different wavelengths thereof. The measurement results are shown in Table 8 to Table 10 below.
Table 8 - Measurement Results of Reflectance of Comparison and 3rd Embodiment
EmbodimentComparison3
Total Number of Optical Lens Elements 7 7
Optical Lens Element Including Anti-Reflective Coating L6 L6
Surface Object Side Image Side Object Side Image Side
Wavelength (nm) Wtmin 849 790 699 700
Reflectance (%) Rtmin 0.0852 0.4688 0.0056 0.0038
R4070 1.1210 0.6895 0.0587 0.0522
R4060 1.5122 0.7461 0.0796 0.0716
R40100 1.4206 0.8732 0.0967 0.0926
R5060 0.4296 0.6612 0.0418 0.0357
R6070 0.3358 0.5759 0.0169 0.0133
R6080 0.3391 0.5461 0.0190 0.0172
R70100 1.7161 1.0560 0.1344 0.1326
R80100 2.4002 1.3241 0.1909 0.1884
R90100 4.5184 1.9704 0.2769 0.2711
R40 30.7348 2.3259 0.2484 0.1996
R50 0.4305 0.6055 0.0565 0.0520
R60 0.4546 0.5988 0.0272 0.0229
R70 0.2203 0.5748 0.0073 0.0038
R80 0.3420 0.4737 0.0464 0.0464
R90 0.8884 1.0840 0.1774 0.1745
R100 9.7150 3.0532 0.3827 0.3632
Table 9 - Measurement Results of Reflectance of 4th Embodiment and 7th Embodiment
Embodiment 4 7
Total Number of Optical Lens Elements 7 7
Optical Lens Element Including Anti-Reflective Coating L7 L6
SurfaceObject SideImage SideObject SideImage Side
Wavelength (nm)Wtmin662697449470
Reflectance (%) Rtmin 0.0270 0.0210 0.0333 0.0105
R4070 0.0906 0.0700 0.1459 0.0405
R4060 0.1186 0.0889 0.0945 0.0392
R40100 0.1469 0.1178 0.4169 0.1473
R5060 0.0707 0.0648 0.1286 0.0324
R6070 0.0346 0.0323 0.2487 0.0431
R6080 0.0478 0.0358 0.3362 0.0667
R70100 0.2028 0.1654 0.6875 0.2538
R80100 0.2736 0.2283 0.8193 0.3355
R90100 0.3704 0.3196 0.9666 0.4440
R40 0.2930 0.1990 0.1222 0.1450
R50 0.1020 0.0810 0.0741 0.0225
R60 0.0440 0.0500 0.1809 0.0415
R70 0.0340 0.0230 0.3236 0.0542
R80 0.1040 0.0730 0.5341 0.1417
R90 0.2600 0.2180 0.8108 0.3220
R100 0.4830 0.4270 1.1117 0.5595
Table 10 - Measurement Results of Reflectance of 8th Embodiment and 9th Embodiment
Embodiment 8 9
Total Number of Optical Lens Elements 7 6
Optical Lens Element Including Anti-Reflective Coating L6 L6
SurfaceObject SideImage SideObject SideImage Side
Wavelength (nm)Wtmin465479491494
Reflectance (%) Rtmin 0.0161 0.0108 0.0331 0.0045
R4070 0.0833 0.0496 0.0652 0.0541
R4060 0.0572 0.0316 0.0599 0.0399
R40100 0.2880 0.2264 0.2191 0.2364
R5060 0.0591 0.0240 0.0467 0.0260
R6070 0.1354 0.0855 0.0758 0.0823
R6080 0.2016 0.1414 0.1220 0.1409
R70100 0.4923 0.4029 0.3726 0.4183
R80100 0.6045 0.5057 0.4748 0.5277
R90100 0.7338 0.6270 0.5985 0.6557
R40 0.1939 0.1703 0.1905 0.2367
R50 0.0292 0.0023 0.0356 0.0101
R60 0.0934 0.0498 0.0574 0.0491
R70 0.1904 0.1295 0.1089 0.1267
R80 0.3597 0.2773 0.2484 0.2872
R90 0.5947 0.4958 0.4671 0.5223
R100 0.8660 0.7502 0.7392 0.7944


[0121] Please refer to Fig. 4 to Fig. 9. Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 are relationship diagrams of reflectance and wavelengths of optical lens assemblies according to the comparison, 3rd embodiment, 4th embodiment, 7th embodiment, 8th embodiment and 9th embodiment, respectively. From the abovementioned measurement results, the anti-reflective effect of the optical lens assembly of the comparison has ups and downs as the wavelength changing, and the anti-reflective effect thereof is poor at short wavelength region and long wavelength region. In comparison, uniform anti-reflective effect at different wavelengths is performed by the optical lens assemblies of the 3rd embodiment, the 4th embodiment, the 7th embodiment, the 8th embodiment and the 9th embodiment. It proves that the optical lens assembly of the present disclosure has the best anti-reflective effect in the wide field of wavelength, which is favorable for improving the imaging quality.

[0122] Please refer to Fig. 10A and Fig. 10B. Fig. 10A and Fig. 10B are testing figures of image quality from the optical lens assemblies of the comparison and 4th embodiment under a strong incident light at 40 degrees, respectively. In Fig. 10A, unexpected lights show on the upper right corner in the image. In Fig. 10B, stray lights on the upper right corner in the image are significantly reduced, which means that the optical lens assembly of the present disclosure has excellent effect of eliminating stray lights in the image corners.

[0123] Please refer to Fig. 11. Fig. 11 is a sectional view of the optical lens element including an anti-reflective coating of the 4th embodiment. In Fig. 11, it shows that the sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than the sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating, which means that, in the same plane, the irregular nanofiber structure distributes with a lower density at the outer of the anti-reflective coating, and the irregular nanofiber structure distributes with a higher density at the inner of the anti-reflective coating.

[0124] The optical lens assembly with multiple optical lens elements is provided in the present disclosure. The multiple coating-layer design is adopted to obtain an excellent coating arranging formula in a wide field of wavelength with specific multiple anti-reflective coating factors. Furthermore, due to the characteristic of subwavelength structures on the surface of the anti-reflective coating, the best anti-reflective effect in the wide field of wavelength of the high-quality optical lens assembly with multiple optical lens elements can be obtained. The severe reflective problem, which is difficult to be solved, of strong light at large angle on the optical lens elements with extreme surface shape changes can also be overcome. It is especially suitable for the curved optical lens element and the material with relatively high refractive index, so as to obtain a uniform anti-reflective effect within all fields and the wide field of wavelength. In this regard, when the assembly is applied to the optical lens assembly with multiple optical lens elements, it is favorable for significantly enhancing the imaging quality of the high-end optical lens assembly.


Claims

1. An optical lens assembly, comprising, from an object side to an image side:

at least five optical lens elements (L1, L2, L3, L4, L5);

wherein at least one of the optical lens elements (L1, L2, L3, L4, L5) comprises an anti-reflective coating, the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is made of a plastic material, the anti-reflective coating is arranged on an object-side surface (R1) or an image-side surface (R2) of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating, the anti-reflective coating comprises at least one coating layer, the coating layer at the outer of the anti-reflective coating is made of metal oxide, the anti-reflective coating comprises a plurality of holes, and sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the outer of the anti-reflective coating are relatively larger than sizes of the plurality of holes adjacent to the inner of the anti-reflective coating;

wherein a refractive index of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is Ns, the coating layer at the innermost of the anti-reflective coating is a first coating layer, a refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, a thickness of the first coating layer is TL1, a super-wide field of wavelength factor of the optical lens assembly as arranging the anti-reflective coating is Farw, and the following conditions are satisfied:



and


 
2. The optical lens assembly of claim 1, wherein a first anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far1, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
3. The optical lens assembly of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a second anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is Far2, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
4. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-3, wherein a major anti-reflective coating arranging factor of the optical lens assembly is FAR, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
5. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-4, wherein the refractive index of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is Ns, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
6. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-5, wherein the refractive index of the first coating layer is N1, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
7. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-6, wherein a material of the first coating layer is SiO2.
 
8. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-7, wherein the anti-reflective coating comprises at least two coating layers made of different main materials.
 
9. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-8, wherein a wavelength at a trough with lowest reflectance of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is Wtmin, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
10. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-9, wherein a reflectance at the trough with lowest reflectance of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is Rtmin, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
11. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-10, wherein an average reflectance between a wavelength of 400 nm - 1000 nm of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is R40100, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
12. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-11, wherein a reflectance at a wavelength of 700 nm of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating is R70, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
13. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-12, wherein at least one surface of the optical lens element comprising the anti-reflective coating comprises at least one inflection point.
 
14. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-13, wherein a total number of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating is tLs, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
15. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-14, wherein the coating layer connecting to the first coating layer is a second coating layer, a thickness of the second coating layer is TL2, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
16. The optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-15, wherein a total thickness of coating layer of the anti-reflective coating is tTk, and the following condition is satisfied:


 
17. An imaging apparatus, comprising:

the optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-16; and

an image sensor (152) disposed on an image surface (151) of the optical lens assembly.


 
18. An electronic device, which is a mobile device, and the electronic device comprising:
the imaging apparatus of claim 17.
 
19. An imaging apparatus, comprising:

the optical lens assembly of any of claims 1-16;

a Fresnel lens element (140), wherein at least one surface (141) of the Fresnel lens element (140) comprises an anti-reflective coating, and the anti-reflective coating of the Fresnel lens element (140) is made of aluminum oxide; and

an image sensor (152) disposed on an image surface (151) of the optical lens assembly.


 




Drawing