(19)
(11)EP 4 064 248 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
28.09.2022 Bulletin 2022/39

(21)Application number: 21164915.7

(22)Date of filing:  25.03.2021
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G09B 23/28(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
G09B 23/288
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Ambu A/S
2750 Ballerup (DK)

(72)Inventor:
  • KRISTENSEN, Peter Aagaard
    2750 Ballerup (DK)

(74)Representative: COPA Copenhagen Patents 
Rosenørns Allé 1, 2nd floor
1970 Frederiksberg C
1970 Frederiksberg C (DK)

  


(54)WIRELESS CONNECTION IN A CPR MANIKIN


(57) A training manikin for practicing CPR and a training system comprising such training manikin is disclosed. The training manikin comprises: one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the training manikin in a training session; and a wireless communication module adapted to establish and concurrently maintaining wireless communication links with a plurality of client devices, including establishing a first wireless communication link with a first client device of the plurality of client devices and establishing a second wireless communication link with a second client device of the plurality of client devices. The wireless communication module is adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters to the first client device using the first wireless communication link and to the second client device using the second wireless communication link. The wireless communication module is further adapted to receive first device data from the first client device using the first wireless communication link.




Description


[0001] The present disclosure relates to a training manikin for practicing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), more specifically to a method and components allowing registration and transfer of parameters to and from the manikin, such as training parameters, e.g. related to ventilations and/or compressions.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Training manikins having sensors to measure CPR performance, such as ventilation volume and compression depth and frequency are presently known. However, it is desired to enable transmission of the information of the CPR performance to a plurality of devices.

[0003] WO 2018/138143 A1 describes a solution wherein information is transmitted via Bluetooth using the Bluetooth advertising package to broadcast the information to a plurality of devices.

[0004] WO 2017/140317 A1 describes a solution of integrating a WiFi-enabled server module in the manikin, such as to allow a plurality of devices to retrieve information from the integrated server.

SUMMARY



[0005] It is an object of the present disclosure to provide a solution, which at least improve the solutions of the prior art.

[0006] Thus, the present disclosure relates to a training manikin for practicing CPR and to a CPR training system comprising one or more of the disclosed training manikins, e.g. a first training manikin and/or a second training manikin. The disclosed system may further comprise one or more client devices.

[0007] The disclosed training manikin, such as the first training manikin and/or the second training manikin of the system, comprises one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the training manikin in a training session. For example, the one or more sensors may include a ventilation sensor and/or a compression sensor, respectively adapted to measure parameters indicative of ventilation and/or compression performed on the training manikin.

[0008] The training manikin further comprises a wireless communication module adapted to establish wireless communication links with a plurality of client devices, such as client devices of the disclosed system, including establishing a first wireless communication link with a first client device of the plurality of client devices and establishing a second wireless communication link with a second client device of the plurality of client devices.

[0009] The wireless communication module is adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters to the first client device using the first wireless communication link and to the second client device using the second wireless communication link. The wireless communication module is further adapted to receive first device data from the first client device using the first wireless communication link. The wireless communication module may be adapted to receive second device data from the second client device using the second wireless communication link.

[0010] The wireless communication module may be a Bluetooth module configured for communication with the client devices in accordance with the Bluetooth protocol. Alternatively, the wireless communication module may be utilizing another well-established wireless communication protocol. However, usage of the Bluetooth protocol is preferred due to low cost and limited transmission range, i.e. reduced interference. Bluetooth may, e.g., be Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and/or Bluetooth 4.0.

[0011] The first and second wireless communication links may be established while maintaining the other wireless communication link. For example, the second wireless communication link may be established before terminating the first wireless communication link, or the first wireless communication link may be established before terminating the second wireless communication link. The second wireless communication link may be established before establishing the first wireless communication link, or the first wireless communication links may be established before terminating the second wireless communication link. In practice, the first wireless communication link and the second wireless communication link may be established simultaneously.

[0012] The wireless communication module may be adapted to communicate using radio frequencies, e.g between 2.402 GHz and 2.480 GHz, or between 5.725 GHz and 5.875 GHz. The first wireless communication link may be established at a first communication frequency and the second wireless communication link may be established at a second communication frequency different from the first communication frequency. The first communication frequency and the second communication frequency may be between 2.402 GHz and 2.480 GHz. The first wireless communication link may be established at a first communication channel within a range of available channels and the second wireless communication link may be established at a second communication channel of the range of available channels. The first wireless communication link may change frequency according to a first frequency hopping scheme. The second wireless communication link may change frequency according to a second frequency hopping scheme. The second frequency hopping scheme may be different than the first frequency hopping scheme.

[0013] The wireless communication module may comprise a first radio. The first wireless communication link may utilize the first radio. For example, the wireless communication module may use the first radio to communicate with the first client device.

[0014] The wireless communication module may further comprise a second radio. The second wireless communication link may utilize the second radio. For example, the wireless communication module may use the second radio to communicate with the second client device.

[0015] The second wireless communication link may utilize the first radio. For example, the wireless communication module may use the first radio to communicate with the second client device. Particularly, the first radio may be used to communicate with both the first client device and the second client device. The training manikin may comprise a processing device adapted to control utilization of the first radio between being utilized for the first wireless communication link and being utilized for the second wireless communication link. For example, the wireless communication module may comprise a wireless module processing device adapted to control utilization of the first radio between being utilized for the first wireless communication link and being utilized for the second wireless communication link.

[0016] The training manikin may comprise a manikin processing device. The manikin processing device may be connected to the one or more sensors and the wireless communication module. The manikin processing device may be adapted to provide the training data based on the one or more parameters to the wireless communication module. For example, the manikin processing device may receive the one or more parameters from the one or more sensors and process the one or more parameters to obtain the training data. For example, the manikin processing device may convert a reading of a force sensor or an optical distance sensor to a compression depth and/or position to be provided as part of the training data, and/or the manikin processing device may convert a pressure measurement to a ventilation volume to be provided as part of the training data, etc. The manikin processing device may be adapted to control utilization of the first radio between being utilized for the first wireless communication link and being utilized for the second wireless communication link.

[0017] The training manikin may comprise one or more output components to output one or more perceptible output signals. The one or more output components may be adapted to output an output for the trainee to perceive, e.g. to provide feedback to the trainee during training. For example, the one or more output components may comprise one or more speakers and the one or more perceptible output signals may include an audible output signal output by the one or more speakers. Alternatively or additionally, the one or more output components may comprise one or more actuators and the one or more perceptible output signals may include movements (e.g. vibration or movement of a limb or similar) caused by the one or more actuators. Alternatively or additionally, the one or more output components may comprise one or more light emitters (e.g. LEDs) and the one or more perceptible output signals may include a visible output signal output by the one or more light emitters.

[0018] A first perceptible output signal may be output by the one or more output components based on the first device data. The manikin processing unit may be adapted to receive the first device data, and cause provision of the first perceptible output signal based thereon. For example, the first device data may include instructions indicative of a scenario for the training session, and one or more perceptible output signals, e.g. including the first perceptible output signal, may be output in accordance with the scenario. For example, the scenario may specify that after a predetermined time the manikin should provide a coughing sound, or similar. The first perceptible output signal may alternatively or additionally be output by the one or more output components in response to receipt of the first device data. For example, the first device data may include instructions for the manikin to provide a certain perceptible output signal, e.g. a coughing sound, and the perceptible output signal may be output in response to receipt of that instruction.

[0019] The wireless communication module may be adapted to relay information (e.g. identification numbers, names, experience, place of training session etc.) from the first client device to the second client device and/or vice versa. The wireless communication module may be adapted to transmit primary client data to the second client device using the second wireless communication link. The primary client data may be based on the first device data. The primary client data may be a subset of the first device data. The manikin processing device may be adapted to receive the first device data and provide the primary client data based on the first device data. The wireless communication module may be adapted to transmit secondary client data to the first client device using the first wireless communication link. The secondary client data may be based on the second device data. The secondary client data may be a subset of the second device data. The manikin processing device may be adapted to receive the second device data and provide the secondary client data based on the first device data.

[0020] The training manikin may comprise an electronic memory. The electronic memory may be part of a processing device of the training manikin, such as the manikin processing device. The electronic memory may be adapted to store one or more parameters based on the first device data and/or based on the second device data. For example, the manikin processing device may receive the first device data and/or the second device data and store the one or more parameters based on the first device data and/or based on the second device data in the electronic memory. For example, information (e.g. identification numbers, names, experience, place of training session etc.) from the client devices, i.e. from the first device data and/or the second device data, may be stored in the electronic memory. Data based on the parameters stored in the electronic memory may be transmitted to the client devices. For example, the wireless communication module may be adapted to transmit tertiary client data based on the one or more parameters stored in the electronic memory to the second client device using the second wireless communication link and/or to the first client device using the first wireless communication link.

[0021] As mentioned above, the disclosed CPR training system may comprise a first training manikin in accordance with the training manikin disclosed above. The CPR training system may comprise one or more further training manikins, such as a second training manikin, in accordance with the training manikin disclosed above.

[0022] The second training manikin may comprise one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the second training manikin in the training session. The second training manikin may further comprise a wireless communication module adapted to establish and concurrently maintaining wireless communication links with a plurality of client devices, e.g. including establishing a third wireless communication link with the first client device of the plurality of client devices and/or establishing a fourth wireless communication link with a third client device of the plurality of client devices.

[0023] The wireless communication module of the second training manikin may be adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters of the one or more sensors of the second training manikin to the first client device using the third wireless communication link and to the third client device using the fourth wireless communication link.

[0024] The wireless communication module of the second training manikin may be adapted to receive tertiary device data from the first client device using the third wireless communication link. The wireless communication module of the second training manikin may be adapted to receive quaternary device data from the third client device using the fourth wireless communication link.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES



[0025] Embodiments of the disclosure will be described in more detail in the following with regard to the accompanying figures. The figures show one way of implementing the present disclosure and are not to be construed as being limiting to other possible embodiments falling within the scope of the attached claim set.

Fig. 1 schematically illustrates an exemplary CPR training system,

Fig. 2 is a block diagram of an exemplary training manikin and two client devices,

Fig. 3 is a block diagram of an exemplary training manikin and two client devices, and

Fig. 4 schematically illustrates an exemplary expanded CPR training system.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0026] Various exemplary embodiments and details are described hereinafter, with reference to the figures when relevant. It should be noted that the figures may or may not be drawn to scale and that elements of similar structures or functions are represented by like reference numerals throughout the figures. It should also be noted that the figures are only intended to facilitate the description of the embodiments. They are not intended as an exhaustive description of the invention or as a limitation on the scope of the invention. In addition, an illustrated embodiment needs not have all the aspects or advantages shown. An aspect or an advantage described in conjunction with a particular embodiment is not necessarily limited to that embodiment and can be practiced in any other embodiments even if not so illustrated, or if not so explicitly described.

[0027] Fig. 1 schematically illustrates an exemplary CPR training system 2 comprising a training manikin 100 and a plurality of client devices including a first client device 200, a second client device 210 and an optional further second client device 220. For example, the first client device 200 may be an instructor device, and the second client device 210 and the further second client device 220 may be client devices of trainees, e.g. two trainees performing cooperative training on the manikin 100, or one trainee training on the manikin while another trainee is studying. Alternatively or additionally a client device, e.g. the second client device 210 or the further second client device 220 may work as a simulated defibrillator or other equipment relevant for the CPR training.

[0028] The training manikin 100 is for practicing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), e.g. for allowing a trainee to practice chest compression and/or lung ventilation. The training manikin 100 comprises a head 102 and a torso 103. The torso 103 comprises a chest portion 104, which is configured to simulate a patient's chest to allow compression during practice of chest compression. The chest portion 104 further comprises a lung portion (not shown), which is in fluid communication with a mouth 105 and nostrils 106 of the head 102. The lung portion and the mouth 105 and nostrils 106 simulates a patient's airways so as to allow practice of lung ventilation. Alternative training manikins may be only for practicing chest compression, i.e. the head 102 and/or the lung portion may be omitted.

[0029] The training manikin 100 is provided with one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of the trainee during use of the training manikin in a training session. Exemplary parameters may include parameters indicative of lung ventilation volume, stomach inflation, compression depth, hand position on the chest, compression frequency and other parameters relevant for assessment of the training.

[0030] In Fig. 1, the training manikin 100 is illustrated as an adult sized training manikin. However, it is noted that the training manikin 100 according to the present disclosure may be any sized manikin, such as a baby sized manikin or a toddler sized manikin.

[0031] The client devices 200, 210, 220 may comprise respective displays 202, 212, 222, which may be touch sensitive displays. The client devices 200, 210, 220 may be tablets and/or smart phones.

[0032] The manikin comprises a wireless communication module adapted to establish wireless communication links with the plurality of client devices 200, 210, 220. The wireless communication module may establish a first wireless communication link 301 with the first client device 200 and establish a second wireless communication link 302 with the second client device 210. The wireless communication module may establish a further second wireless communication link 302' with the further second client device 220. More communication links may be established with further client devices (not shown) to the extent that is practical and useful.

[0033] The first, second, and further second wireless communication links may be established while maintaining the other wireless communication link(s). Hence, a plurality of wireless communication links may be maintained simultaneously.

[0034] The manikin 100 may, e.g. via the wireless communication module, be adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters to the first client device 200 using the first wireless communication link 301 and to the second client device 210 using the second wireless communication link 302. The training data may further be transmitted also to the further second client device 220 using the further second wireless communication link 302'. Thereby, both the first client device 200, the second client device 210 and the further second client device 220 receive the training data, e.g. both the trainee(s) and the instructor receives training data and may be able to review and analyse the training data individually.

[0035] The manikin 100 may, e.g. via the wireless communication module, be adapted to receive first device data from the first client device 200 using the first wireless communication link 301. The manikin 100 may, e.g. via the wireless communication module, be adapted to receive second device data from the second client device 210 using the second wireless communication link 302. The manikin 100 may, e.g. via the wireless communication module, be adapted to receive further second device data from the further second client device 220 using the further second wireless communication link 302'. Thus, the manikin 100 may facilitate two-way communication between the manikin 100 and each of the connected client devices 200, 210, 220.

[0036] Fig. 2 is a block diagram of an exemplary training manikin 100 and two client devices, including a first client device 200 and a second client device 210. The manikin 100 and client devices 200, 210 may be the corresponding devices of the system 2 described in relation to Fig. 1.

[0037] The manikin 100 comprises sensors including a ventilation sensor 114 and a compression sensor 112. As noted above, a manikin may in some embodiments be only for practicing chest compression, in which case the ventilation sensor 114 may be omitted. The sensors 112, 114 may measure one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the manikin 100. For example, the parameters may include parameters indicative of lung ventilation volume, stomach inflation, compression depth, hand position on the chest, compression frequency and other parameters relevant for assessment of the training.

[0038] The manikin 100 comprises a manikin processing device 130 connected to the sensors 112, 114 and the wireless communication module 120. The manikin processing device 130 is adapted to provide training data based on the one or more parameters from the sensors 112, 114 to the wireless communication module 120. The manikin processing device 130 may further be connected to an electronic memory 134 of the manikin 100, which may be adapted to store various information, e.g. including parameters based on data received from the client devices 200, 210, the training data, and/or the one or more parameters from the sensors 112, 114. The electronic memory 134 may further store manikin specific data, e.g. production year, type, date of last service check etc.

[0039] The manikin 100 comprises a wireless communication module 120 adapted to establish wireless communication links 301, 302 with a plurality of client devices, e.g. the first client device 200 and the second client device 210. Thus, in the illustrated example, a first wireless communication link 301 is established with the first client device 200, e.g. with a first client wireless communication module 204 of the first client device 200. Furthermore, a second wireless communication link 302 is established with the second client device 210, e.g. with a second client wireless communication module 214 of the second client device 210. The wireless communication modules 120, 204, 214 be Bluetooth modules configured for communication in accordance with a Bluetooth protocol. Alternatively, the wireless communication modules 120, 204, 214 may utilize other wireless communication modalities.

[0040] In the example as illustrated in Fig. 2, the wireless communication module 120 comprises a first radio 122, and the wireless communication links 301, 302 utilizes the first radio 122. A processing device, e.g. a designated wireless module processing device 126 of the wireless communication module 120, or the manikin processing device 130, may control the first radio 122, such as to maintain the wireless communication links 301 302 with the plurality of client devices 200, 210. For example, the processing device 126, 130 may control utilization of the first radio 122 between being utilized for the first wireless communication link 301 and being utilized for the second wireless communication link 302.

[0041] The wireless communication module 120 is adapted to transmit training data 510 based on the one or more parameters of the sensors 112, 114 to the first client device 200 using the first wireless communication link 301. The wireless communication module 120 may be further adapted to transmit the training data 510 to the second client device 210 using the second wireless communication link 302.

[0042] The wireless communication module 120 is further adapted to receive first device data 521 from the first client device 200 using the first wireless communication link 301. The wireless communication module 120 may further be adapted to receive second device data 522 from the second client device 210 using the second wireless communication link 302. Thus, the client devices 200, 210 may communicate to the manikin 100. For example, as illustrated, the manikin may comprise an output component 132, e.g. a speaker, an actuator or similar, connected to the manikin processing device 130 and configured to output a perceptible output signal, e.g. a sound, a movement or similar, based on the first device data 521 and/or the second device data 522 and/or in response to receipt of the first device data 521 and/or the second device data 522. For example, the instructor may send an instruction to the manikin 100 to provide a sound indicative of coughing or breathing or the like, or provide a movement, e.g. indicative of movement of a limb. Alternatively, the instructor may send instructions to the manikin 100 to act in accordance with a specific scenario, and the manikin, e.g. via the output component 132 may output perceptible output signals in accordance with that scenario.

[0043] The two-way communication with the manikin may further facilitate sharing of personal and/or other information, such as name of the trainee/instructor, place of training, etc., between the connected client devices 200, 210 (and 220 of Fig. 1). For example, the first device data 521 may comprise information, such as details of the scenario, name of the instructor, place of training etc., which may be shared with the second client device 210. Thus, the wireless communication module 120 may be adapted to transmit primary client data 511, based on the first device data 521, to the second client device 210, using the second wireless communication link 302. The manikin processing unit 130 may be adapted to receive the first device data 521 and provide the primary client data 511 based on the first device data 521. Similarly, the second device data 522 may comprise information, such as details of the trainee, e.g. ID number, name, association, experience, etc. which may be shared with the first client device 200. Thus, the wireless communication module 120 may be adapted to transmit secondary client data 512, based on the second device data 522, to the first client device 200, using the first wireless communication link 301. The manikin processing unit 130 may be adapted to receive the second device data 522 and provide the secondary client data 512 based on the second device data 522.

[0044] The electronic memory 134 may be adapted to store parameters based on the first device data 521 and/or the second device data 522. For example, the electronic memory 134 may be adapted to store the personal and other information to be shared between the connected client devices 200, 210. The wireless communication module 120 may be adapted to transmit tertiary client data 513 based on one or more parameters stored in the electronic memory 134 to the first client device 200 using the first wireless communication link 301 and/or to the second client device 210 using the second wireless communication link 302. The tertiary client data 513 may comprise production year, type, date of last service check etc. Based on the tertiary client data 513, a client device, such as the first client device 200 and/or the second client device 210 may alert the user if service is needed, or similar. A service supplier, e.g. via a client device, may transmit data to the training manikin 100 to update the date of last service check in the electronic memory.

[0045] Fig. 3 is a block diagram of an exemplary training manikin 100 and two client devices, including a first client device 200 and a second client device 210, similar to the block diagram as illustrated in Fig. 2. However, the wireless communication module 120 as illustrated in Fig. 3 illustrates an alternative embodiment of the wireless communication module 120.

[0046] In the example as illustrated in Fig. 3, the wireless communication module 120 comprises a first radio 122 and a second radio 124. The first wireless communication link 301 utilizes the first radio 122, and the second wireless communication link 302 utilizes the second radio 124.

[0047] Fig. 4 schematically illustrates an expanded exemplary CPR training system 2 comprising a plurality of training manikins 100, 100', 100" and a plurality of client devices 200, 210, 220, 230, 240. It should be understood that the disclosed system is not to be regarded as limited to the number of manikins and client devices illustrated and may comprise even more manikins and client devices as illustrated.

[0048] The system 2 comprises the first training manikin 100 as described in relation to the previous figures. Furthermore, the system 2 comprises further manikins, e.g. a second training manikin 100' and a third training manikin 100", all of which may be similar to the training manikin 100 as described earlier. Particularly, the further manikins 100', 100" each comprises sensors for measuring the one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the respective training manikin in a training session, and a wireless communication module adapted to establish wireless communication links 303, 304, 305, 306 with at least two client devices 230, 240. For example, the second manikin 100', such as the wireless communication module of the second manikin 100', may be adapted to establish a third wireless communication link 303 with the first client device 200 and a fourth wireless communication link 304 with a third client device 230. The third manikin 100", such as the wireless communication module of the third manikin 100", may be adapted to establish a fifth wireless communication link 305 with the first client device 200 and a sixth wireless communication link 306 with a fourth client device 240.

[0049] As seen, a plurality of the manikins, e.g. the first manikin 100, the second manikin 100' and the third manikin 100", may be connected with a common client device, e.g. the first client device 200. For example, as previously mentioned, the first client device 200 may be an instructor device, and it may be advantageous that the instructor receives data from more than one, or all, manikins in a training session.

[0050] Thus, the first manikin 100, such as the wireless communication module of the first manikin 100, the second manikin 100', such as the wireless communication module of the second manikin 100', and the third manikin 100", such as the wireless communication module of the third manikin 100", may be adapted to transmit training data to the first client device 200 using the first wireless communication link 301, the third wireless communication link 303 and the fifth wireless communication link 305, respectively. The second manikin 100', such as the wireless communication module of the second manikin 100', may further be adapted to transmit training data to the third client device 230 using the fourth wireless communication link 304, and the third manikin 100", such as the wireless communication module of the third manikin 100", may further be adapted to transmit training data to the fourth client device 240 using the sixth wireless communication link 306.

[0051] The second manikin 100', such as the wireless communication module of the second manikin 100', and the third manikin, such as the wireless communication module of the third manikin 100", may be adapted to receive device data from the first client device 200 using the third wireless communication link 303 and the fifth wireless communication link 305, respectively. The second manikin 100', such as the wireless communication module of the second manikin 100', may be adapted to receive device data from the third client device 230 using the fourth wireless communication link 304. The third manikin 100", such as the wireless communication module of the third manikin 100", may be adapted to receive device data from the fourth client device 240 using the sixth wireless communication link 306.

[0052] The disclosure has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment. However, the scope of the invention is not limited to the illustrated embodiment, and alterations and modifications can be carried out without deviating from the scope of the invention.

[0053] Throughout the description, the use of the terms "first", "second", "third", "fourth", "primary", "secondary", "tertiary" etc. does not imply any particular order or importance but are included to identify individual elements. Furthermore, the labelling of a first element does not imply the presence of a second element and vice versa.

LIST OF REFERENCES



[0054] 
2
system
100, 100', 100"
manikin
102
head
103
torso
104
chest portion
105
mouth
106
nostrils
112
compression sensor
114
ventilation sensor
120
wireless communication module
122
first radio
124
second radio
126
wireless module processing device
130
manikin processing device
132
output component
134
electronic memory
200
first client device
202
display
204
client wireless communication module
210
second client device
212
display
214
client wireless communication module
220
further second client device
222
display
230
third client device
232
display
240
fourth client device
242
display
301
first wireless communication link
302
second wireless communication link
302'
further second wireless communication link
303
third wireless communication link
304
fourth wireless communication link
305
fifth wireless communication link
306
sixth wireless communication link
510
training data
511
primary client data
512
secondary client data
513
tertiary client data
521
first device data
522
second device data
523
third device data



Claims

1. A training manikin for practicing CPR comprising:

- one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the training manikin in a training session,

- a wireless communication module adapted to establish and concurrently maintaining wireless communication links with a plurality of client devices, including establishing a first wireless communication link with a first client device of the plurality of client devices and establishing a second wireless communication link with a second client device of the plurality of client devices,

the wireless communication module being adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters to the first client device using the first wireless communication link and to the second client device using the second wireless communication link,
the wireless communication module further being adapted to receive first device data from the first client device using the first wireless communication link.
 
2. Training manikin according to claim 1, wherein the wireless communication module is a Bluetooth module configured for communication with the client devices in accordance with the Bluetooth protocol.
 
3. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the wireless communication module is adapted to communicate using radio frequencies between 2.402 GHz and 2.480 GHz.
 
4. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the wireless communication module comprises a first radio, and wherein the first wireless communication link utilizes the first radio.
 
5. Training manikin according to claim 4, wherein the wireless communication module comprises a second radio, and wherein the second wireless communication link utilizes the second radio.
 
6. Training manikin according to claim 4, wherein the second wireless communication link utilizes the first radio.
 
7. Training manikin according to claim 6 comprising a processing device adapted to control utilization of the first radio between being utilized for the first wireless communication link and being utilized for the second wireless communication link.
 
8. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims comprising a manikin processing device connected to the one or more sensors and the wireless communication module, the manikin processing device being adapted to provide the training data based on the one or more parameters to the wireless communication module.
 
9. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims comprising one or more output components to output one or more perceptible output signals.
 
10. Training manikin according to claim 9, wherein a first perceptible output signal is output by the one or more output components based on the first device data and/or in response to receipt of the first device data.
 
11. Training manikin according to any of claims 9-10, wherein the one or more output components include a speaker and the one or more perceptible output signals includes an audible output signal output by the speaker.
 
12. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the wireless communication module is adapted to transmit primary client data based on the first device data to the second client device using the second wireless communication link.
 
13. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the wireless communication module further being adapted to receive second device data from the second client device using the second wireless communication link.
 
14. Training manikin according to claim 13, wherein the wireless communication module is adapted to transmit secondary client data based on the second device data to the first client device using the first wireless communication link.
 
15. Training manikin according to any of the preceding claims comprising an electronic memory adapted to store one or more parameters based on the first device data.
 
16. Training manikin according to claim 15, wherein the wireless communication module is adapted to transmit tertiary client data based on the one or more parameters stored in the electronic memory to the second client device using the second wireless communication link.
 
17. A CPR training system comprising a first training manikin and a plurality of client devices including a first client device and a second client device, the first training manikin comprising:

- one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the first training manikin in a training session,

- a wireless communication module adapted to establish and concurrently maintaining wireless communication links with a plurality of client devices, including establishing a first wireless communication link with a first client device of the plurality of client devices and establishing a second wireless communication link with a second client device of the plurality of client devices,

the wireless communication module being adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters to the first client device using the first wireless communication link and to the second client device using the second wireless communication link,
the wireless communication module further being adapted to receive first device data from the first client device using the first wireless communication link.
 
18. The CPR training system according to claim 17, further comprising a second training manikin and the plurality of client devices including a third client device, the second training manikin comprising:

- one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters indicative of the performance of a trainee during use of the second training manikin in the training session,

- a wireless communication module adapted to establish and concurrently maintaining wireless communication links with a plurality of client devices, including establishing a third wireless communication link with the first client device of the plurality of client devices and establishing a fourth wireless communication link with a third client device of the plurality of client devices,

the wireless communication module being adapted to transmit training data based on the one or more parameters to the first client device using the third wireless communication link and to the third client device using the fourth wireless communication link,
the wireless communication module further being adapted to receive tertiary device data from the first client device using the third wireless communication link.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description