(19)
(11)EP 4 071 116 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
12.10.2022 Bulletin 2022/41

(21)Application number: 20922237.1

(22)Date of filing:  14.12.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C01G 39/04(2006.01)
C23C 16/08(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
C23C 16/08; C01G 39/04
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2020/046450
(87)International publication number:
WO 2021/171742 (02.09.2021 Gazette  2021/35)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 28.02.2020 JP 2020033357

(71)Applicants:
  • JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation
    Tokyo 105-8417 (JP)
  • Toho Titanium CO., LTD.
    Chigasaki-shi Kanagawa 253-8510 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TAKAHASHI, Hideyuki
    Kitaibaraki-shi, Ibaraki 319-1535 (JP)
  • TANI, Seiichiro
    Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa 253-8510 (JP)
  • FUKASAWA, So
    Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa 253-8510 (JP)

(74)Representative: Forresters IP LLP 
Skygarden Erika-Mann-Straße 11
80636 München
80636 München (DE)

  


(54)HIGH-PURITY MOLYBDENUM OXYCHLORIDE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR


(57) Provided is a molybdenum oxychloride characterized in having a purity of 99.9995 wt% or higher. Additionally provided is a manufacturing method of a molybdenum oxychloride including the steps of reacting MoO3 and Cl2 and synthesizing the molybdenum oxychloride in a reaction chamber, and cooling the synthesized molybdenum oxychloride gas and precipitating the molybdenum oxychloride in a recovery chamber, wherein an impurity trap is provided between the reaction chamber and the recovery chamber, and impurities are removed with the impurity trap. An object of the present invention is to provide a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride and a manufacturing method therefor.




Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present invention relates to a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride suitable for use as a vapor phase growth material and a chemical reaction catalyst of thin films, and to a manufacturing method therefor.

[Background Art]



[0002] Low-resistance metal materials, which are physically and chemically stable, such as molybdenum (Mo) and tungsten (W) have often been used conventionally for thin films for use as contact plugs, wirings, and diffusion barrier layers under wirings in semiconductor devices and other functional electronic devices. Moreover, thin films made of compounds of these metals, such as nitrides and carbides, are also often used as the diffusion barrier layer. A molybdenum or molybdenum compound thin film is formed by using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method in which a molybdenum compound is evaporated and gasified as a precursor, and a product thereof is decomposed and reacted on a surface of the substrate to form a thin film.

[0003] Moreover, pitch reduction and depth extension of contact plug parts associated with the high integration and high densification of devices in recent years are advancing and metal layers are often formed in a deep hole having a high aspect ratio and, in order to uniformly form a metal layer in the deep hole having this kind of high aspect ratio, an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method is also used to uniformly form a thin metal layer to become a seed layer in the deep hole and a metal layer to become a thick contact plug or wiring is subsequently formed by using CVD method described above or the plating method.

[0004] An organic metal compound, metal carbonyl, metal halide or the like can be used as the precursor compound for use upon forming a metal or metal compound based on the CVD method or the ALD method described above. As this kind of conventional technology, there are, for instance, an example of forming a MoS2 film using a molybdenum chloride (MoCl5) (Patent Document 1), an example of forming a Mo film using a molybdenum carbonyl (Mo(CO)6) (Patent Document 2), an example of forming a Mo film using a molybdenum organic compound (Patent Document 3), and an example of forming MoS2 (Patent Document 4).

[0005] Nevertheless, a molybdenum pentachloride (MoCl5), which is a general molybdenum chloride, is unstable, and is difficult to handle since toxic hydrogen chloride is naturally generated when molybdenum pentachloride is decomposed, and there are problems related to its preservation and storage for use in industrial processes. Moreover, while the foregoing problems will not arise in the CVD method and the ALD method which use a metal carbonyl as its raw material, since a metal carbonyl is in itself toxic and a metal carbonyl containing molybdenum has a low vapor pressure, there are problems in that it is difficult to control the flow rate and pressure of the raw material gas during the CVD or ALD deposition.

[0006] Thus, as disclosed in Patent Document 5 or Non-Patent Document 1, there is a method of using a molybdenum oxychloride (MoOCl2, MoOCl3, MoOCl4, MoO2Cl2) as the raw material precursor, and performing the CVD deposition of molybdenum or a molybdenum compound. The molybdenum oxychloride itself is a substance conventionally known as a chemical reaction catalyst of organic synthesis or the like, in addition to this kind of CVD raw material, as disclosed in Patent Document 6, Patent Document 7, and Non-Patent Document 2. A molybdenum oxychloride is synthesized by directly chloridating a molybdenum oxide powder with a chlorine gas as described in Non-Patent Document 3.

[Prior Art Documents]


[Patent Documents]



[0007] 

[Patent Document 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2003-225808

[Patent Document 2] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (Translation of PCT Application) No. 2008-520834

[Patent Document 3] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2006-097101

[Patent Document 4] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (Translation of PCT Application) No. H11-507629

[Patent Document 5] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2000-119045

[Patent Document 6] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2003-252845

[Patent Document 7] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. H08-277263


[Non-Patent Documents]



[0008] 

[Non-Patent Document 1] K. A. Gesheva et al., Thin Solid Films, Vol.79, 1981, pp. 39-49

[Non-Patent Document 2] Rita G, de Noronha et al., Cat. Commun., Vol.12, 2011, pp. 337-340

[Non-Patent Document 3] Y. Monteil et al., J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 67, 1984, pp. 595-606


[Summary of the Invention]


[Problems to be Solved by the Invention]



[0009] A molybdenum oxychloride can be synthesized, for example, by chloridating a raw material powder of a molybdenum oxide (MoO3) with a chlorine gas (Cl2). Here, while impurities can be separated to a certain extent by properly managing the synthesis temperature, metal impurities such as tungsten (W) contained as an impurity in the raw material form chlorides and oxychlorides, and they are difficult to remove since they have a high vapor pressure. In particular, there is a problem in that W, which exists in a high concentration in the raw material MoO3, remains in a high concentration in the molybdenum oxychloride of the final product. An object of the present invention is to resolve the foregoing problems, and provide a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride and a manufacturing method therefor.

[Means for Solving the Problems]



[0010] As a result of intense study, the present inventors discovered that, by providing an impurity trap to an apparatus for synthesizing a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride, chloride of tungsten (W) or the like having a high vapor pressure can be effectively separated, and a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride can be manufactured, and thereby completed the present invention.
Based on the foregoing discovery, one mode of the present invention is a molybdenum oxychloride characterized in having a purity of 99.9995 wt% or higher. Note that, in the present disclosure, "molybdenum oxychloride" includes one type among MoOCl2, MoOCl3, MoOCl4, and MoO2Cl2.

[Effect of the Invention]



[0011] According to the present invention, it is possible to separate tungsten (W) and the like, which were difficult to remove during synthesis in the past, and thereby obtain a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride. Furthermore, as a result of using this kind of high-purity molybdenum oxychloride as a precursor in the CVD method and the ALD method, the present invention yields a superior effect of being able to avoid characteristic defects caused by the impurity metals in the thin films used in a semiconductor apparatus.

[Brief Description of the Drawings]



[0012] [Fig. 1]
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of an apparatus for synthesizing a molybdenum oxychloride.

[Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention]



[0013] A molybdenum oxychloride can be synthesized by chloridating a molybdenum oxide (MoO3) powder with a chlorine gas. Nevertheless, a molybdenum oxide powder as a raw material contains a relatively large amount of tungsten (W) and iron (Fe) as impurities, and these metal impurities react with the chlorine gas during synthesis and form oxychlorides, and, since these oxychlorides have a high vapor pressure, gas phase separation was difficult. Thus, conventionally, tungsten and the like caused by the raw material could not be removed, and roughly 10 wt ppm of W was contained in the synthesized molybdenum oxychloride, and the purity excluding W was roughly 5N (99.999 wt%).

[0014] When a molybdenum oxychloride containing these types of impurities is used as a precursor of the CVD method or the ALD method, there was a problem in that impurities would remain in the molybdenum compound after the deposition process, and deteriorate the characteristics of the film. In particular, when used as a thin film of a semiconductor layered structure, there was a problem in that the device performance would deteriorate.
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride, and is characterized in that the molybdenum oxychloride according to an embodiment of the present invention has a purity of 99.9995 wt% (5N5) or higher, and preferably has a purity of 99.9999 wt% (6N) or higher.

[0015] In the present disclosure, the purity is obtained by analyzing Ba, W, Ti, Ag, Na, K, Fe, In, Zn, Cu, Cr, and Al based on the ICP-MS method, and subtracting the total content (wt%) thereof from 100 wt%. Note that, when the analytical value of each element is as indicated below, the content of such element is deemed to be 0 (zero) as corresponding to being less than the lower detection limit.
Ba: <0.1 wt ppm, W: <0.1 wt ppm, Ti: <0.1 wt ppm, Ag: <0.1 wt ppm, Na: <0.1 wt ppm, K: <1 wt ppm, Fe: <0.1 wt ppm, In: <0.1 wt ppm, Zn: <0.1 wt ppm, Cu: <0.1 wt ppm, Cr: <0.1 wt ppm, Al: <0.1 wt ppm
When these elements are used as the wiring or the like of an electronic device, since they increase resistivity, generate electromigration, induce diffusion within the device and thereby deteriorate the device performance, they are specific elements which are preferably excluded.

[0016] The molybdenum oxychloride according to an embodiment of the present invention preferably has a W (tungsten) content of less than 5 wt ppm, more preferably less than 1 wt ppm, and most preferably less than 0.1 wt ppm. Moreover, the molybdenum oxychloride preferably has an Fe (iron) content of less than 0.1 wt ppm. As described above, tungsten and iron are impurities that are included in a molybdenum oxide as a raw material in a relatively large amount. Moreover, since tungsten chloride, ferric chloride and the like formed during synthesis have a high vapor pressure, they are easily mixed into a molybdenum oxychloride of a synthetic material, and, by nature, gas phase separation is difficult. According to the present invention, it is possible to cause these impurities, which are difficult to remove, to be an extremely low content.

[0017] The molybdenum oxychloride according to an embodiment of the present invention preferably has a Na (sodium) content of less than 0.1 wt ppm. Sodium reacts with chlorine of the reaction gas or other impurity components and forms various salts such as sodium chloride, and sometimes gets mixed in. Since sodium as an alkali metal particularly deteriorates the device performance in the wirings and the like of an electronic device, the content thereof is preferably reduced to be less than 0.1 wt ppm. Similarly, K (potassium) as an alkali metal is also preferably reduced to be less than 1 wt ppm.

[0018] The manufacturing method of a molybdenum oxychloride according to an embodiment of the present invention is now explained in detail.

[0019] A MoO3 (molybdenum trioxide) powder is prepared as the raw material. A high-purity MoO3 raw material is preferably used, and, excluding tungsten, preferably has a purity of 3N (99.9 wt%) or higher, and more preferably has a purity of 4N (99.99 wt%) or higher. From the perspective that a raw material can be easily charged by passing it through a supply tube, a raw material having a particle diameter (D50) of roughly 0.1 mm to 1 mm is preferably used.

[0020] An example of a vertical type synthesizing apparatus 1 for synthesizing a molybdenum oxychloride is shown in Fig. 1. Note that the apparatus diagram is a schematic diagram and the size, shape, connection and arrangement of the respective parts are not limited thereto, and may be suitably changed. Moreover, a valve or flow control apparatus may be provided to the path of the gas piping as needed.
The vertical type synthesizing apparatus 1 mainly comprises a reaction chamber 3, an impurity trap 6, a recovery chamber 8, and a recovery container 9, and the reaction chamber 3 comprises a reaction container 2, a gas supply tube 4, a raw material supply tube 5, and a thermocouple 10. Moreover, the impurity trap 6 internally comprises a physical filter 7.

[0021] The synthesizing method is now explained. Foremost, a MoO3 powder is supplied to the reaction container 2, and heated at 700 to 1000°C. Moreover, when the MoO3 raw material is consumed due to the synthesis and results in the decrease of MoO3, the raw material may be injected from the raw material supply tube 5 as needed. Subsequently, chloridation is performed by supplying chlorine gas from the gas supply tube 4 to the MoO3 reaction container 2. Here, Ar gas may also be introduced as a carrier gas.
MoO3 reacts with Cl2 due to the introduction of a chlorine gas or the like and, for example, MoO2Cl2 is generated under the reaction formula of MoO3 + Cl2 → MoO2Cl2 + 0.5O2. Otherwise, MoOCl2, MoOCl3, and MoOCl4 of different levels of chloridation may also be generated. The generated molybdenum oxychloride is discharged as a gas.

[0022] The molybdenum oxychloride gas obtained based on the foregoing synthesis reaction reaches the recovery chamber 8 via the impurity trap 6. Here, while impurities such as tungsten and iron are gasified as a chloride or an oxychloride and become diffused, by providing a temperature-controlled impurity trap 6, it is possible to prevent such impurities from getting mixed into the recovery chamber 8. The reason for this is considered to be because, since the flow rate of the gas decreases in the impurity trap, the impurities get trapped therein.

[0023] Moreover, the impurity trap 6 is preferably provided with a physical filter such as a glass filter or silica wool. It is thereby possible to prevent the inclusion of Na that becomes scattered as a solid. Furthermore, by also precipitating the impurities such as tungsten and iron, which were recovered with the impurity trap 6, to the physical filter, discharge of such impurities to the downstream side (recovery chamber) can be more effectively prevented. As the temperature in the impurity trap 6, temperature in which MoO2Cl2 remains in a state of gas becomes the lower limit and temperature in which impurity components often become a solid phase becomes the upper limit, and specifically the temperature is preferably maintained at 150°C to 250°C. Moreover, by changing the diameter and length of the impurity trap 6, the recovery efficiency and the removal rate of impurities can be suitably adjusted.

[0024] Subsequently, by cooling the molybdenum oxychloride gas from which impurities have been removed in the recovery chamber 8, the molybdenum oxychloride gas is precipitated as a solid phase of the molybdenum oxychloride. The recovery container 9 is connected to the lower part of the recovery chamber 8, and the recovery container 9 is able to recover the precipitates that could not be recovered or the precipitates that fell from the recovery chamber 8. Cooling can be performed via natural cooling. It is thereby possible to obtain the high-purity molybdenum oxychloride according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Note that an exhaust pipe that leads to a detoxifying device which discharges and detoxifies an unreacted chlorine or a sublime chloride or a vacuum pipe that leads to a vacuum pump for adjusting the pressure in the apparatus may be additionally connected to the recovery container.

[Examples]



[0025] The present invention is now explained in detail based on Examples and Comparative Examples. The descriptions of the following Examples and Comparative Examples are merely specific examples for facilitating the understanding of the technical subject matter of the present invention, and the technical scope of the present invention is not limited to such specific examples.

(Example 1)



[0026] After filling a MoO3 raw material in a reaction container, the reaction container was heated at 800°C, a chlorine gas was subsequently introduced from a gas supply tube and MoO2Cl2 was synthesized, gasified MoO2Cl2 was thereafter passed through an impurity trap (retained at 190°C) and then precipitated to a recovery chamber, and a solid phase MoO2Cl2 was recovered in a recovery container. While synthesis was basically performed using the apparatus shown in Fig. 1, in Example 1, the physical filter shown in Fig. 1 was not provided. The contents of the respective elements contained in the obtained MoO2Cl2 are shown in Table 1. As shown in Table 1, the purity of MoO2Cl2 is 99.9999 wt%, and a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride was obtained. Moreover, the W content was less than 0.1 wt ppm, and the Fe content was less than 0.1 wt ppm.

(Example 2)



[0027] Synthesis was basically performed using the apparatus shown in Fig. 1. After filling a MoO3 raw material in a reaction container, the reaction container was heated at 800°C, a chlorine gas was subsequently introduced from a gas supply tube and MoO2Cl2 was synthesized, gasified MoO2Cl2 was thereafter passed through an impurity trap (retained at 190°C, with silica wool) and then precipitated to a recovery chamber, and a solid phase MoO2Cl2 was recovered in a recovery container. The contents of the respective elements contained in the obtained MoO2Cl2 are shown in Table 1. As shown in Table 1, the purity of MoO2Cl2 is 99.9999 wt%, and a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride was obtained. Moreover, the W content was less than 0.1 wt ppm, and the Fe content was less than 0.1 wt ppm.

(Example 3)



[0028] Synthesis was basically performed using the apparatus shown in Fig. 1. After filling a MoO3 raw material in a reaction container, the reaction container was heated at 800°C, a chlorine gas was subsequently introduced from a gas supply tube and MoO2Cl2 was synthesized, gasified MoO2Cl2 was thereafter passed through an impurity trap (retained at 155°C, with silica wool) and then precipitated to a recovery chamber, and a solid phase MoO2Cl2 was recovered in a recovery container. The contents of the respective elements contained in the obtained MoO2Cl2 are shown in Table 1. As shown in Table 1, the purity of MoO2Cl2 exceeds 99.9999 wt%, and a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride was obtained. Moreover, the W content was less than 0.1 wt ppm, and the Fe content was less than 0.1 wt ppm.

(Example 4)



[0029] Synthesis was basically performed using the apparatus shown in Fig. 1. After filling a MoO3 raw material in a reaction container, the reaction container was heated at 900°C, a chlorine gas was subsequently introduced from a gas supply tube and MoO2Cl2 was synthesized, gasified MoO2Cl2 was thereafter passed through an impurity trap (retained at 190°C) and then precipitated to a recovery chamber, and a solid phase MoO2Cl2 was recovered in a recovery container. Moreover, in order to improve the recovery efficiency, in Example 4 the length of the impurity trap was shortened in comparison to the other Examples. The contents of the respective elements contained in the obtained MoO2Cl2 are shown in Table 1. As shown in Table 1, the purity of MoO2Cl2 is 99.9996 wt%, and a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride was obtained. Moreover, the W content was 2.1 wt ppm, and the Fe content was less than 0.1 wt ppm.

(Example 5)



[0030] Synthesis was basically performed using the apparatus shown in Fig. 1. After filling a MoO3 raw material in a reaction container, the reaction container was heated at 900°C, a chlorine gas was subsequently introduced from a gas supply tube and MoO2Cl2 was synthesized, gasified MoO2Cl2 was thereafter passed through an impurity trap (retained at 190°C) and then precipitated to a recovery chamber, and a solid phase MoO2Cl2 was recovered in a recovery container. The contents of the respective elements contained in the obtained MoO2Cl2 are shown in Table 1. As shown in Table 1, the purity of MoO2Cl2 is 99.9998 wt%, and a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride was obtained. Moreover, the W content was 0.8 wt ppm, and the Fe content was less than 0.1 wt ppm.

(Comparative Example 1)



[0031] After filling a MoO3 raw material in a reaction container, the reaction container was heated at 800°C, a chlorine gas was subsequently introduced from a gas supply tube and MoO2Cl2 was synthesized, gasified MoO2Cl2 was thereafter precipitated to a recovery part, and a solid phase MoO2Cl2 was recovered in a recovery container. While synthesis was basically performed using the apparatus shown in Fig. 1, in Comparative Example 1, the impurity trap 6 (and physical filter 7) shown in Fig. 1 was not provided. The contents of the respective elements contained in the obtained MoO2Cl2 are shown in Table 1. As shown in Table 1, the purity of MoO2Cl2 is less than 99.999 mass%, the content of W as an impurity was 17 wt ppm, and the content of Fe as an impurity was 30 wt ppm.

[0032] The foregoing results are summarized in Table 1.
[Table 1]
 Synthesis Temperature (° C)Impurity TrapTrap TemperaturePhysical FilterMo(wt%)PurityBa(wtppm)W(wtppm)Ti(wtppm)Ag(wtppm)Na(wtppm)K(wtppm)Fe(wtppm)In(wtppm)Zn(wtppm)Cu(wtppm)Cr(wtppm)Al(wtppm)
Example 1 800 Long 190 Not used 47.7 99.9999% 0.4 <0.1 <0.1 0.3 <0.1 <1 <0.1 0.1 <0.1 <0.1 0.2 <0.1
Example 2 800 Long 190 Used 47.8 99.9999% 0.4 <0.1 0.1 0.3 <0.1 <1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 0.1 0.1 <0.1
Example 3 800 Long 155 Used 48.4 >99.9999 0.4 <0.1 0.1 0.2 <0.1 <1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Example 4 900 Short 190 Used 48.3 99.9996% 0.6 2.1 0.3 0.2 <0.1 <1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Example 5 900 Long 190 Used 47.8 99.9998% 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.2 <0.1 <1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Comparative Example 1 800 None - Not used 47.1 99.9913% 0.4 17 1.0 1.2 1.8 22 30 0.2 0.7 4.9 0.7 6.7

[Industrial Applicability]



[0033] The present invention is able to reduce impurities, which were particularly difficult to remove in the past, in the synthesis of a molybdenum oxychloride, and obtain a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride. Thus, the present invention is able to make a significant technical contribution to industrial and technical fields such as the semiconductor industry, electronic device manufacture, functional material production, and organic/inorganic chemical industry which use a high-purity molybdenum oxychloride as the raw material or catalyst in CVD or ALD, and form thin films or synthesize compounds.

[Description of Reference Numerals]



[0034] 
  1. 1 synthesizing apparatus
  2. 2 reaction container
  3. 3 reaction chamber
  4. 4 gas supply tube
  5. 5 raw material supply tube
  6. 6 impurity trap
  7. 7 physical filter
  8. 8 recovery chamber
  9. 9 recovery container
  10. 10 thermocouple



Claims

1. A molybdenum oxychloride characterized in having a purity of 99.9995 wt% or higher.
 
2. A molybdenum oxychloride characterized in having a purity of 99.9999 wt% or higher.
 
3. The molybdenum oxychloride according to claim 1, wherein a W content is less than 5 wt ppm.
 
4. The molybdenum oxychloride according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a W content is less than 1 wt ppm.
 
5. The molybdenum oxychloride according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a W content is less than 0.1 wt ppm.
 
6. The molybdenum oxychloride according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein an Fe content is less than 0.1 wt ppm.
 
7. The molybdenum oxychloride according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a Na content is less than 0.1 wt ppm.
 
8. The molybdenum oxychloride according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein a K content is less than 1 wt ppm.
 
9. The molybdenum oxychloride according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the molybdenum oxychloride includes one type among MoOCl2, MoOCl3, MoOCl4, and MoO2Cl2.
 
10. A manufacturing method of a molybdenum oxychloride including the steps of reacting MoO3 and Cl2 and synthesizing the molybdenum oxychloride in a reaction chamber, and cooling the synthesized molybdenum oxychloride gas and precipitating the molybdenum oxychloride in a recovery chamber, wherein an impurity trap is provided between the reaction chamber and the recovery chamber, and impurities are removed with the impurity trap.
 
11. The manufacturing method of a molybdenum oxychloride according to claim 10, wherein a physical filter is provided inside the impurity trap.
 
12. The manufacturing method of a molybdenum oxychloride according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein a temperature of the impurity trap is retained at 150°C to 250°C.
 




Drawing







Search report










Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description