(19)
(11)EP 4 086 481 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
09.11.2022 Bulletin 2022/45

(21)Application number: 20908454.0

(22)Date of filing:  07.12.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16H 57/04(2010.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F16H 57/04
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2020/045423
(87)International publication number:
WO 2021/137281 (08.07.2021 Gazette  2021/27)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 30.12.2019 JP 2019240044

(71)Applicant: Jatco Ltd
Fuji-shi, Shizuoka 417-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • YASUI, Kenjiro
    Fuji City, Shizuoka 417-8585 (JP)
  • URUSHIBATA, Takayoshi
    Fuji City, Shizuoka 417-0002 (JP)
  • SUZUKI, Yusuke
    Fuji City, Shizuoka 4170002 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)

  


(54)POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE


(57) [Problem] To improve the degree of freedom in lubrication design.
[Solution] A power transmission device having, inside a box, a differential mechanism, a case accommodating the differential mechanism, and a pinion gear supported by the case, wherein the box has a rack part above a horizontal line passing through the center of revolution of the pinion gear.




Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present invention relates to a power transmission device.

[Background Art]



[0002] Disclosed in Patent Document 1 is a power transmission device for an electric automobile that has a bevel gear type differential mechanism and a planetary gear mechanism. The planetary gear mechanism of Patent Document 1 comprises a stepped pinion gear having a large pinion gear and a small pinion gear.

[Prior Art Documents]


[Patent Documents]



[0003] [Patent Document 1] Japanese Laid-Open Patent Application Publication No. H08-240254

[Summary of the Invention]


[Problems the Invention Is Intended to Solve]



[0004] In the power transmission device, the constituent components of the power transmission device are arranged closely. To suitably lubricate each of the closely arranged constituent components, various contrivances are necessary, and there is a desire to have a structure with a high degree of freedom in lubrication design in power transmission devices.

[Means for Solving the Problems]



[0005] A power transmission device according to a mode of the present invention comprises:

a differential mechanism,

a case that houses the differential mechanism, and

a pinion gear supported by the case, inside a box, wherein

the box has a shelf part above the horizontal line that passes through the revolution center of the pinion gear.


[Effect of the Invention]



[0006] According to certain modes of the present invention, it is possible to provide a power transmission device having a structure with a high degree of freedom for lubrication design.

[Brief Description of the Drawings]



[0007] 

FIG. 1 is a skeleton diagram of a power transmission device.

FIG. 2 is a cross section schematic diagram of the power transmission device.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view around a planetary reduction gear of the power transmission device.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged around a differential mechanism of the power transmission device.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the differential mechanism of the power transmission device.

FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of the differential mechanism of the power transmission device.

FIG. 7 is a drawing for explaining a first case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 8 is a drawing for explaining the first case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 9 is a drawing for explaining the first case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 10 is a drawing for explaining the first case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 11 is a drawing for explaining a second case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 12 is a drawing for explaining the second case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 13 is a drawing for explaining the second case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 14 is a drawing for explaining the second case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 15 is a drawing for explaining the second case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 16 is a drawing for explaining the second case unit of the differential mechanism.

FIG. 17 is a drawing for explaining an oil catch unit.

FIG. 18 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 19 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 20 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 21 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 22 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 23 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 24 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.

FIG. 25 is a drawing for explaining the oil catch unit.


[Modes for Carrying Out the Invention]



[0008] Following, an embodiment of the present invention is explained.

[0009] FIG. 1 is a skeleton diagram for explaining a power transmission device 1 according to the present embodiment.

[0010] FIG. 2 is a cross section schematic diagram for explaining the power transmission device 1 of the present embodiment.

[0011] FIG. 3 is an enlarged view around a planetary reduction gear 4 of the power transmission device 1.

[0012] FIG. 4 is an enlarged view around a differential mechanism 5 of the power transmission device 1.

[0013] As shown in FIG. 1, the power transmission device 1 has a motor 2, and the planetary reduction gear 4 (reduction mechanism) that reduces the output rotation of the motor 2 and inputs it to the differential mechanism 5. The power transmission device 1 also has drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) as the drive shaft, and a park lock mechanism 3.

[0014] In the power transmission device 1, the park lock mechanism 3, the planetary reduction gear 4, the differential mechanism 5, and the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) are provided along the transmission route of the output rotation around the rotation axis X of the motor 2. The axis line of the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) is coaxial with the rotation axis X of the motor 2.

[0015] In the power transmission device 1, after being reduced by the planetary reduction gear 4 and inputted to the differential mechanism 5, the output rotation of the motor 2 is transmitted via the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) to left and right drive wheels W, W of a vehicle in which the power transmission device 1 is mounted.

[0016] Here, the planetary reduction gear 4 is connected downstream of the motor 2, the differential mechanism 5 is connected downstream of the planetary reduction gear 4, and the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) are connected downstream of the differential mechanism 5.

[0017] As shown in FIG. 2, a body box 10 of the power transmission 1 has a first box 11 that houses the motor 2, and a second box 12 that is externally fitted on the first box 11. The body box 10 also has a third box 13 assembled on the first box 11, and a fourth box 14 (box) assembled on the second box 12.

[0018] The first box 11 has a cylindrical support wall part 111, and a flange shaped junction part 112 provided on one end 111a of the support wall part 111.

[0019] In the first box 11, the support wall part 111 is provided facing along the rotation axis X of the motor 2. The motor 2 is housed inside the support wall part 111.

[0020]  The junction part 112 is provided facing orthogonal to the rotation axis X. The junction part 112 is formed with a larger outer diameter than the support wall part 111.

[0021] The second box 12 has a cylindrical peripheral wall part 121, a flange shaped junction part 122 provided on one end 121a of the peripheral wall part 121, and a flange shaped junction part 123 provided on another end 121b of the peripheral wall part 121.

[0022] The peripheral wall part 121 is formed with an inner diameter that can be externally fitted on the support wall part 111 of the first box 11.

[0023] The first box 11 and the second box 12 are assembled to each other by the peripheral wall part 121 of the second box 12 being externally fitted on the support wall part 111 of the first box 11.

[0024] The junction part 122 of the one end 121a side of the peripheral wall part 121 abuts the junction part 112 of the first box 11 from the rotation axis X direction. These junction parts 122, 112 are linked to each other by bolts (not illustrated).

[0025] In the first box 11, a plurality of recessed grooves 111b are provided on the outer circumference of the support wall part 111. The plurality of recessed grooves 111b are provided with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction. Each of the recessed grooves 111b is provided along the entire circumference in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0026] The peripheral wall part 121 of the second box 12 is externally fitted on the support wall part 111 of the first box 11. The openings of the recessed grooves 111b are closed by the peripheral wall part 121. A plurality of cooling paths CP through which cooling water is circulated are formed between the support wall part 111 and the peripheral wall part 121.

[0027] At the outer circumference of the support wall part 111 of the first box 11, ring grooves 111c, 111c are formed at both sides of the region in which the recessed grooves 111b are provided. Seal rings 113, 113 are externally engaged and attached to the ring grooves 111c, 111c.

[0028] These seal rings 113 are press fitted on the inner circumference of the peripheral wall part 121 that is externally fitted on the support wall part 111, and seal the gap between the outer circumference of the support wall part 111 and the inner circumference of the peripheral wall part 121.

[0029] On the other end 121b of the second box 12, a wall part 120 extending to the inner diameter side is provided. The wall part 120 is provided facing orthogonal to the rotation axis X. An opening 120a in which the drive shaft 9A is inserted is opened in the region intersecting the rotation axis X of the wall part 120.

[0030] In the wall part 120, a cylindrical motor support unit 125 that surrounds the opening 120a is provided on the motor 2 side (right side in the drawing) surface.

[0031] The motor support unit 125 is inserted inside a coil end 253b described later. The motor support unit 125 faces an end part 21b of a rotor core 21 with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction.

[0032] In the peripheral wall part 121 of the second box 12, in the lower region in the vertical line direction with the mounted state of the power transmission device 1 in the vehicle as reference, the thickness in the radial direction is thicker than the upper region.

[0033] In this region that is thick in the radial direction, an oil reservoir 128 is provided penetrating in the rotation axis X direction.

[0034] The oil reservoir 128 is connected via a communication hole 112a to an axial oil passage 138 provided in a junction part 132 of the third box 13. The communication hole 112a is provided in the junction part 112 of the first box 11.

[0035] The third box 13 has a wall part 130 that is orthogonal to the rotation axis X. A junction part 132 that forms a ring shape seen from the rotation axis X direction is provided on the outer circumference part of the wall part 130.

[0036] Seen from the first box 11, the third box 13 is positioned on the opposite side (right side in the drawing) from the differential mechanism 5. The junction part 132 of the third box 13 is joined to the junction part 112 of the first box 11 from the rotation axis X direction. The third box 13 and the first box 11 are linked to each other by bolts (not illustrated). In this state, in the first box 11, the opening on the junction part 122 side (right side in the drawing) of the support wall part 111 is blocked by the third box 13.

[0037] In the third box 13, an insertion hole 130a of the drive shaft 9A is provided in the center of the wall part 130.

[0038] A lip seal RS is provided on the inner circumference of the insertion hole 130a. In the lip seal RS, a lip section (not illustrated) is in elastic contact with the outer circumference of the drive shaft 9A. The gap between the inner circumference of the insertion hole 130a and the outer circumference of the drive shaft 9A is sealed by the lip seal RS.

[0039] A peripheral wall part 131 that surrounds the insertion hole 130a is provided on the surface of the first box 11 side (left side in the drawing) in the wall part 130. The drive shaft 9A is supported with a bearing B4 interposed on the inner circumference of the peripheral wall part 131.

[0040] Seen from the peripheral wall part 131, a motor support unit 135 is provided on the motor 2 side (left side in the drawing). The motor support unit 135 forms a tube shape that surrounds the rotation axis X with a gap open.

[0041] A cylindrical connecting wall 136 is connected to the outer circumference of the motor support unit 135. The connecting wall 136 is formed with a larger outer diameter than the peripheral wall part 131 of the wall part 130 side (right side in the drawing). The connecting wall 136 is provided facing along the rotation axis X, and extends in the direction separating from the motor 2. The connecting wall 136 connects the motor support unit 135 and the wall part 130 of the third box 13.

[0042] The motor support unit 135 is supported by the third box 13 with the connecting wall 136 interposed. One end 20a side of a motor shaft 20 penetrates the inside of the motor support unit 135 from the motor 2 side to the peripheral wall part 131 side.

[0043] A bearing B1 is supported on the inner circumference of the motor support unit 135. The outer circumference of the motor shaft 20 is supported by the motor support unit 135 with the bearing B1 interposed.

[0044] The lip seal RS is provided on the position adjacent to the bearing B1.

[0045] In the third box 13, an oil hole 136a described later is open at the inner circumference of the connecting wall 136. Oil OL from the oil hole 136a is made to flow into a space (internal space Sc) surrounded by the connecting wall 136. The lip seal RS is provided to prevent the inflow of oil OL inside the connecting wall 136 to the motor 2 side.

[0046] The fourth box 14 has a peripheral wall part 141 that surrounds the outer circumference of the planetary reduction gear 4 and the differential mechanism 5, and a flange shaped junction part 142 provided on the end part of the second box 12 side in the peripheral wall part 141.

[0047] The fourth box 14 is positioned at the differential mechanism 5 side (left side in the drawing) seen from the second box 12. The junction part 142 of the fourth box 14 is joined from the rotation axis X direction to the junction part 123 of the second box 12. The fourth box 14 and the second box 12 are linked to each other by bolts (not illustrated).

[0048] Inside the body box 10 of the power transmission device 1, a motor chamber Sa that houses the motor 2 and a gear chamber Sb that houses the planetary reduction gear 4 and the differential mechanism 5 are formed.

[0049] The motor chamber Sa is formed between the wall part 120 of the second box 12 and the wall part 130 of the third box 13 on the inside of the first box 11.

[0050] The gear chamber Sb is formed between the wall part 120 of the second box 12 and the peripheral wall part 141 of the fourth box 14 on the inner diameter side of the fourth box 14.

[0051]  A plate member 8 is provided on the inside of the gear chamber Sb.

[0052] The plate member 8 is fixed to the fourth box 14.

[0053] In the plate member 8, the gear chamber Sb is partitioned into a first gear chamber Sb1 that houses the planetary reduction gear 4 and the differential mechanism 5, and a second gear chamber Sb2 that houses the park lock mechanism 3.

[0054] The second gear chamber Sb2 is positioned between the first gear chamber Sb1 and the motor chamber Sa in the rotation axis X direction.

[0055] The motor 2 has the cylindrical motor shaft 20, the cylindrical rotor core 21 externally fitted on the motor shaft 20, and a stator core 25 that surrounds the outer circumference of the rotor core 21 with a gap open.

[0056] In the motor shaft 20, bearings B1, B1 are externally fitted and fixed at both sides of the rotor core 21.

[0057] The bearing B1 positioned at one end 20a side (right side in the drawing) of the motor shaft 20 seen from the rotor core 21 is supported on the inner circumference of the motor support unit 135 of the third box 13. The bearing B1 positioned at the other end 20b side is supported on the inner circumference of the cylindrical motor support unit 125 of the second box 12.

[0058] The motor support units 135, 125 are arranged facing with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction on the one end part 21a and the other end part 21b of the rotor core 21 on the inner diameter side of coil ends 253a, 253b described later.

[0059] The rotor core 21 is formed by laminating a plurality of silicon steel sheets, and each of the silicon steel sheets is externally fitted on the motor shaft 20 in a state where relative rotation with the motor shaft 20 is regulated.

[0060] Seen from the rotation axis X direction of the motor shaft 20, the silicon steel sheet has a ring shape. At the outer circumference side of the silicon steel sheet, N pole and S pole magnets (not illustrated) are provided alternately in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0061] The stator core 25 surrounding the outer circumference of the rotor core 21 is formed by laminating a plurality of electromagnetic steel sheets. The stator core 25 is fixed to the inner circumference of the cylindrical support wall part 111 of the first box 11.

[0062] Each of the electromagnetic steel sheets has a ring-shaped yoke part 251 fixed to the inner circumference of the support wall part 111, and a teeth part 252 projecting to the rotor core 21 side from the inner circumference of the yoke part 251.

[0063] With the present embodiment, the stator core 25 having a configuration in which a winding 253 is distributed and wound across a plurality of teeth parts 252 is adopted. The stator core 25 has a longer length in the rotation axis X direction than the rotor core 21 by the amount of the coil ends 253a, 253b projecting in the rotation axis X direction.

[0064] It is also possible to adopt the stator core of a configuration in which the windings are concentrically wound on each of the plurality of teeth parts 252 projecting to the rotor core 21 side.

[0065] The opening 120a is provided in the wall part 120 (motor support unit 125) of the second box 12. The other end 20b side of the motor shaft 20 is positioned inside the fourth box 14, penetrating the opening 120a at the differential mechanism 5 side (left side in the drawing).

[0066] The other end 20b of the motor shaft 20 faces a side gear 54A described later with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction on the inside of the fourth box 14.

[0067] As shown in FIG. 3, in the motor shaft 20, a step 201 is provided in a region positioned inside the fourth box 14. The step 201 is positioned in the vicinity of the motor support unit 125. The lip seal RS supported on the inner circumference of the motor support unit 125 is abutting the outer circumference of the region between the step 201 and the bearing B1.

[0068] The lip seal RS is partitioned into the motor chamber Sa that houses the motor 2 and the gear chamber Sb inside the fourth box 14.

[0069] The oil OL for lubricating the planetary reduction gear 4 and the differential mechanism 5 is sealed at the inner diameter side of the fourth box 14 (see FIG. 2).

[0070] The lip seal RS is provided to prevent inflow of the oil OL to the motor chamber Sa.

[0071] As shown in FIG. 3, in the motor shaft 20, the region from the step 201 to the vicinity of the other end 20b is a fitted part 202 with a spline provided on the outer circumference.

[0072] The parking gear 30 and a sun gear 41 are spline fitted on the outer circumference of the fitted part 202.

[0073] In the parking gear 30, one side surface of the parking gear 30 in the rotation axis X direction abuts the step 201 (right side in the drawing). One end 410a of a cylindrical base 410 of the sun gear 41 abuts the other side surface of the parking gear 30 (left side in the drawing).

[0074] A nut N screwed onto the other end 20b of the motor shaft 20 is press fitted from the rotation axis X direction on the other end 410b of the base 410.

[0075] The sun gear 41 and the parking gear 30 are provided in a state sandwiched between the nut N and the step 201, without being able to rotate relatively to the motor shaft 20.

[0076] The sun gear 41 has teeth 411 on the outer circumference of the other end 20b side of the motor shaft 20. A large diameter gear part 431 of a stepped pinion gear 43 engages with the outer circumference of the teeth 411.

[0077]  The stepped pinion gear 43 (pinion gear) has the large diameter gear part 431 that engages with the sun gear 41, and a small diameter gear part 432 with a smaller diameter than the large diameter gear part 431.

[0078] The stepped pinion gear 43 is a gear component in which the large diameter gear part 431 and the small diameter gear part 432 are provided integrally aligned in an axis line X1 direction parallel to the rotation axis X.

[0079] The large diameter gear part 431 is formed with an outer diameter R1 greater than an outer diameter R2 of the small diameter gear part 432.

[0080] The stepped pinion gear 43 is provided facing along the axis line X1. In this state, the large diameter gear part 431 is positioned at the motor 2 side (right side in the drawing).

[0081] The outer circumference of the small diameter gear part 432 is engaged with the inner circumference of a ring gear 42. The ring gear 42 forms a ring shape that surrounds the rotation axis X with a gap open. A plurality of engagement teeth 421 projecting radially outward are provided on the outer circumference of the ring gear 42. The plurality of engagement teeth 421 have a plurality provided at prescribed intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0082] In the ring gear 42, the engagement teeth 421 provided on the outer circumference are spline fitted to teeth 146a provided on a support wall part 146 of the fourth box 14. In the ring gear 42, rotation around the rotation axis X is regulated by engaging with the support wall part 146 as a ring gear support part.

[0083] The stepped pinion gear 43 has a through hole 430 penetrating the inner diameter side of the large diameter gear part 431 and the small diameter gear part 432 in the axis line X1 direction.

[0084] The stepped pinion gear 43 is supported to be able to rotate on the outer circumference of a pinion shaft 44 penetrating the through hole 430 with the needle bearings NB, NB interposed.

[0085]  On the outer circumference of the pinion shaft 44, a middle spacer MS is interposed between the needle bearing NB that supports the inner circumference of the large diameter gear part 431 and the needle bearing NB that supports the inner circumference of the small diameter gear part 432.

[0086] As shown in FIG. 4, a shaft-internal oil passage 440 is provided on the inside of the pinion shaft 44. The shaft-internal oil passage 440 penetrates from one end 44a of the pinion shaft 44 to another end 44b along the axis line X1.

[0087] Oil holes 442, 443 that communicate between the shaft-internal oil passage 440 and the outer circumference of the pinion shaft 44 are provided on the pinion shaft 44.

[0088] The oil hole 443 opens in the region in which the needle bearing NB that supports the inner circumference of the large diameter gear part 431 is provided.

[0089] The oil hole 442 opens in the region in which the needle bearing NB that supports the inner circumference of the small diameter gear part 432 is provided.

[0090] In the pinion shaft 44, the oil holes 443, 442 open inside the region in which the stepped pinion gear 43 is externally fitted.

[0091] Furthermore, an introduction path 441 for introducing the oil OL into the shaft-internal oil passage 440 is provided in the pinion shaft 44.

[0092] In the outer circumference of the pinion shaft 44, the introduction path 441 opens in the region positioned inside a support hole 71a of a second case unit 7 described later. The introduction path 441 communicates between the shaft-internal oil passage 440 and the outer circumference of the pinion shaft 44.

[0093] A case-internal oil passage 781 is opened on the inner circumference of the support hole 71a. The case-internal oil passage 781 communicates between the inner circumference of a guide unit 78 projecting from a base 71 of the second case unit 7 and the inner circumference of the support hole 71a.

[0094] In the cross section view along the axis line X1, the case-internal oil passage 781 is inclined with respect to the axis line X1. The case-internal oil passage 781 is inclined facing toward a slit 710 provided in the base 71 as it faces the rotation axis X side.

[0095] The oil OL scooped up by a differential case 50 described later flows into the case-internal oil passage 781. The oil OL that moves to the outer diameter side by centrifugal force due to rotation of the differential case 50 also flows into the case-internal oil passage 781.

[0096] The oil OL that flows into the introduction path 441 from the case-internal oil passage 781 flows into the shaft-internal oil passage 440 of the pinion shaft 44. The oil OL that flows into the shaft-internal oil passage 440 is discharged radially outward from the oil holes 442, 443. The oil OL discharged from the oil holes 442, 443 lubricates the needle bearing NB externally fitted on the pinion shaft 44.

[0097] In the pinion shaft 44, a through hole 444 is provided more to the other end 44b side than the region in which the introduction path 441 is provided. The through hole 444 penetrates the pinion shaft 44 in the diameter line direction.

[0098] The pinion shaft 44 is provided so that the through hole 444 and an insertion hole 782 of the second case unit 7 described later are in phase around the axis line X1. A positioning pin P inserted in the insertion hole 782 penetrates the through hole 444 of the pinion shaft 44. As a result, the pinion shaft 44 is supported on the second case unit 7 side in a state with rotation around the axis line X1 regulated.

[0099] As shown in FIG. 4, on the one end 44a side in the lengthwise direction of the pinion shaft 44, a region projecting from the stepped pinion gear 43 is a first shaft part 445. The first shaft part 445 is supported by a support hole 61a provided in a first case unit 6 of the differential case 50.

[0100] At the other end 44b side in the lengthwise direction of the pinion shaft 44, the region projecting from the stepped pinion gear 43 is a second shaft part 446. The second shaft part 446 is supported by the support hole 71a provided in the second case unit 7 of the differential case 50.

[0101] Here, the first shaft part 445 means a region of the one end 44a side in which the stepped pinion gear 43 is not externally fitted in the pinion shaft 44. The second shaft part 446 means a region of the other end 44b side in which the stepped pinion gear 43 is not externally fitted in the pinion shaft 44.

[0102] In the pinion shaft 44, the length of the axis line X1 direction is longer for the second shaft part 446 than the first shaft part 445.

[0103] Following, the main configuration of the differential mechanism 5 is explained.

[0104] FIG. 5 is a perspective view around the differential case 50 of the differential mechanism 5.

[0105] FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view around the differential case 50 of the differential mechanism 5.

[0106] As shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 6, the differential case 50 as a case houses the differential mechanism 5. The differential case 50 is formed by assembling the first case unit 6 and the second case unit 7 in the rotation axis X direction. In the present embodiment, the first case unit 6 and the second case unit 7 of the differential case 50 have a function as carriers that support the pinion shaft 44 of the planetary reduction gear 4.

[0107] As shown in FIG. 6, three pinion mate gears 52 and three pinion mate shafts 51 are provided between the first case unit 6 and the second case unit 7 of the differential case 50. The pinion mate shafts 51 function as support shafts that support the pinion mate gears 52.

[0108] The pinion mate shafts 51 are provided at equal intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X (see FIG. 6).

[0109] The end part of the inner diameter side of each pinion mate shaft 51 is linked to a common linking part 510.

[0110] One pinion mate gear 52 each is externally fitted on the pinion mate shafts 51. Each pinion mate gear 52 is in contact with the linking part 510 from the radial outward side of the rotation axis X.

[0111] Each of the pinion mate gears 52 in this state is supported to be rotatable on the pinion mate shaft 51.

[0112] As shown in FIG. 4, a spherical washer 53 is externally fitted on the pinion mate shaft 51. The spherical washer 53 is in contact with the spherical outer circumference of the pinion mate gear 52.

[0113] In the differential case 50, the side gear 54A is positioned at one side of the linking part 510 in the rotation axis X direction, and a side gear 54B is positioned at the other side. The side gear 54A is supported to be rotatable on the first case unit 6. The side gear 54B is supported to be rotatable on the second case unit 7.

[0114] The side gear 54A is engaged to the three pinion mate gears 52 from one side in the rotation axis X direction. The side gear 54B engages with the three pinion mate gears 52 from the other side in the rotation axis X direction.

[0115] From FIG. 7 to FIG. 10 are drawings for explaining the first case unit 6.

[0116] FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the first case unit 6 seen from the second case unit 7 side.

[0117] FIG. 8 is a plan view of the first case unit 6 seen from the second case unit 7 side.

[0118] FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the A-A cross section in FIG. 8. FIG. 9 shows the arrangement of the pinion mate shaft 51 and the pinion mate gear 52 using virtual lines.

[0119] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of the A-A cross section in FIG. 8. FIG. 10 shows the arrangement of the side gear 54A, the stepped pinion gear 43, and the drive shaft 9A using virtual lines while omitting an illustration of a linking beam 62 of the paper surface back side.

[0120] As shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, the first case unit 6 has a ring-shaped base 61. The base 61 is a plate shaped member having a thickness W61 in the rotation axis X direction.

[0121] As shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, an opening 60 is provided in the center of the base 61. A cylinder wall part 611 that surrounds the opening 60 is provided on the surface on the side opposite to the second case unit 7 (right side in the drawing) in the base 61. The outer circumference of the cylinder wall part 611 is supported by the plate member 8 with a bearing B3 interposed (see FIG. 2).

[0122] Three linking beams 62 extending to the second case unit 7 side are provided on the surface of the second case unit 7 side (left side in the drawing) in the base 61.

[0123] The linking beams 62 are provided at equal intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X (see FIG. 7 and FIG. 8).

[0124] The linking beams 62 have a base 63 orthogonal to the base 61 and a linking part 64 that is wider than the base 63.

[0125] As shown in FIG. 9, a tip surface 64a of the linking part 64 is a flat surface orthogonal to the rotation axis X. A support groove 65 for supporting the pinion mate shaft 51 is provided on the tip surface 64a.

[0126] As shown in FIG. 8, the support groove 65 seen from the rotation axis X direction is formed in a straight line along a radius line L of the ring-shaped base 61. The support groove 65 crosses the center of the linking part 64 from the inner diameter side to the outer diameter side in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0127] As shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the support groove 65 forms a semicircle shape along the outer diameter of the pinion mate shaft 51. The support groove 65 is formed at a depth that can house half of the cylindrical pinion mate shaft 51. Specifically, the support groove 65 is formed at a depth corresponding to half the diameter Da of the pinion mate shaft 51 (= Da/2).

[0128] An arc part 641 is formed in a shape along the outer circumference of the pinion mate gear 52 on the inner diameter side (rotation axis X side) of the linking part 64.

[0129] In the arc part 641, the outer circumference of the pinion mate gear 52 is supported with the spherical washer 53 interposed.

[0130] In the arc part 641, an oil groove 642 is provided facing along the radius line L noted above. The oil groove 642 is provided in a range from the support groove 65 of the pinion mate shaft 51 to a gear support part 66 fixed to the inner circumference of the linking part 64.

[0131] The gear support part 66 is connected to the boundary of the base 63 and the linking part 64. The gear support part 66 is provided facing orthogonal to the rotation axis X. The gear support part 66 has a through hole 660 at the center.

[0132] As shown in FIG. 8, the outer circumference of the gear support part 66 is connected to the inner circumference of the three linking parts 64. In this state, the center of the through hole 660 is positioned on the rotation axis X.

[0133] As shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, in the gear support part 66, a recess 661 surrounding the through hole 660 is provided on the surface of the side opposite to the base 61 (left side in the drawing). In the recess 661, a ring-shaped washer 55 that supports the back surface of the side gear 54A is housed.

[0134] A cylindrical cylinder wall part 541 is provided on the back surface of the side gear 54A. The washer 55 is externally fitted on the cylinder wall part 541.

[0135] Seen from the rotation axis X direction, three oil grooves 662 are provided on the surface of the recess 661 side in the gear support part 66. The oil grooves 662 are provided at prescribed intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0136] The oil groove 662 extends from the inner circumference of the gear support part 66 to the outer circumference along the radius line L noted above. The oil groove 662 is in contact with the oil groove 642 on the arc part 641 side noted above.

[0137] As shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, the support holes 61a of the pinion shaft 44 are open on the base 61. The support holes 61a are open at the region between the linking beams 62, 62 arranged at prescribed intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0138] A boss part 616 surrounding the support hole 61a is provided on the base 61. A washer Wc (see FIG. 10) externally fitted on the pinion shaft 44 is in contact with the boss part 616 from the rotation axis X direction.

[0139] In the base 61, an oil groove 617 is provided in the range from the center opening 60 to the boss part 616.

[0140] As shown in FIG. 8, the oil groove 617 is formed in a tapered shape in which the circumferential direction width around the rotation axis X becomes narrower as it approaches the boss part 616. The oil groove 617 is connected to an oil groove 618 provided on the boss part 616.

[0141] In the linking part 64, bolt holes 67, 67 are provided at both sides of the support groove 65.

[0142] A linking part 74 of the second case unit 7 side is joined from the rotation axis X direction to the linking part 64 of the first case unit 6. The first case unit 6 and the second case unit 7 are joined to each other by the bolts B that penetrate the linking part 74 of the second case unit 7 side being screwed into bolt holes 67, 67.

[0143] FIG. 11 to FIG. 16 are drawings for explaining the second case unit 7.

[0144] FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the second case unit 7 seen from the first case unit 6 side.

[0145] FIG. 12 is a plan view of the second case unit 7 seen from the first case unit 6 side.

[0146] FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of the A-A cross section in FIG. 12. FIG. 13 shows the arrangement of the pinion mate shaft 51 and the pinion mate gear 52 using virtual lines.

[0147] FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram of the A-A cross section in FIG. 12. FIG. 14 shows the arrangement of the side gear 54B, the stepped pinion gear 43, and the drive shaft 9B using virtual lines while omitting an illustration of the linking part 74 at the paper surface back side.

[0148] FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the second case unit 7 seen from the side opposite to the first case unit 6.

[0149] FIG. 16 is a plan view of the second case unit 7 seen from the side opposite to the first case unit 6.

[0150] As shown in FIG. 13 and FIG. 14, the second case unit 7 has the ring-shaped base 71.

[0151] The base 71 is a plate shaped member having a thickness W71 in the rotation axis X direction.

[0152] A through hole 70 that penetrates the base 71 in the thickness direction is provided at the center of the base 71.

[0153] A cylinder wall part 72 that surrounds the through hole 70 and a peripheral wall part 73 that surrounds the cylinder wall part 72 with a prescribed gap are provided at the surface on the side opposite to the first case unit 6 (left side in the drawing) in the base 71.

[0154] A projection 73a that projects to the rotation axis X side is provided at the tip of the peripheral wall part 73. The projection 73a is provided across the entire circumference in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0155]  As shown in FIG. 16, three support holes 71a of the pinion shaft 44 are open at the outer diameter side of the peripheral wall part 73. The support holes 71a are provided at prescribed intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0156] Three slits 710 penetrating the base 71 in the thickness direction are provided on the inner diameter side of peripheral wall part 73.

[0157] Seen from the rotation axis X direction, the slits 710 form an arc shape along the inner circumference of the peripheral wall part 73. The slits 710 are formed in a prescribed angle range in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0158] The slits 710 in the second case unit 7 are provided at prescribed intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X. Each of the slits 710 is provided crossing the inner diameter side of the support hole 71a in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X.

[0159] Three projecting walls 711 projecting to the paper surface front side are provided between adjacent slits 710, 710 in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis. The projecting walls 711 extend in a straight line in the radial direction of the rotation axis X. The projecting walls 711 are provided connecting the peripheral wall part 73 of the outer diameter side and the cylinder wall part 72 of the inner diameter side.

[0160] The projecting walls 711 are provided at prescribed intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X. The projecting walls 711 are provided with a phase shift of approximately 45 degrees in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X with respect to the slits 710.

[0161] Bolt housing parts 76, 76 recessed at the paper surface back side are provided between support holes 71a, 71a adjacent in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X at the outer diameter side of peripheral wall part 73. These bolt housing parts 76, 76 are provided in a positional relationship that is symmetrical with the radius line L sandwiched between. The bolt housing parts 76 open at an outer circumference 71c of the base 71.

[0162] Bolt insertion holes 77 open at the inside of the bolt housing parts 76. The insertion holes 77 penetrate the base 71 in the thickness direction (rotation axis X direction).

[0163] As shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, the three linking parts 74 projecting to the first case unit 6 side are provided on the surface of the first case unit 6 side (right side in the drawing) in the base 71.

[0164] The linking parts 74 are provided at equal intervals in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X. The linking parts 74 are formed at a width W7 in the same circumferential direction as the linking parts 64 of the first case unit 6 side.

[0165] As shown in FIG. 13, a tip surface 74a of the linking part 74 is a flat surface orthogonal to the rotation axis X. A support groove 75 for supporting the pinion mate shaft 51 is provided on the tip surface 74a.

[0166] As shown in FIG. 12, the support groove 75 seen from the rotation axis X direction is formed in a straight line along the radius line L of the base 71. The support groove 75 is formed crossing the linking part 74 from the inner diameter side to the outer diameter side.

[0167] As shown in FIG. 5, the support groove 75 forms a semicircle shape along the outer diameter of the pinion mate shaft 51.

[0168] As shown in FIG. 13, the support groove 75 is formed at a depth capable of housing half of the cylindrical pinion mate shaft 51. Specifically, the support groove 75 is formed at a depth corresponding to half the diameter Da (= Da/2) of the pinion mate shaft 51.

[0169] An arc part 741 is provided along the outer circumference of the pinion mate gear 52 on the inner diameter side (rotation axis X side) of the linking part 74.

[0170] In the arc part 741, the outer circumference of the pinion mate gear 52 is supported with the spherical washer 53 interposed (see FIG. 13 and FIG. 14).

[0171] An oil groove 742 facing along the radius line L noted above is provided in the arc part 741. The oil groove 742 is provided in a range from the support groove 75 of the pinion mate shaft 51 to the base 71 positioned at the inner circumference of the linking part 74.

[0172] The oil groove 742 connects with an oil groove 712 provided in a front surface 71b of the base 71. The oil groove 712 seen from the rotation axis X direction is provided along the radius line L, and is formed to the through hole 70 provided in the base 71.

[0173] The ring-shaped washer 55 that supports the back surface of the side gear 54B is placed on the front surface 71b of the base 71. A cylindrical cylinder wall part 540 is provided on the back surface of the side gear 54B. The washer 55 is externally fitted on the cylinder wall part 540.

[0174] An oil groove 721 is formed at the position intersecting the oil groove 712 on the inner circumference of the cylinder wall part 72 surrounding the though hole 70. The oil groove 721 is provided facing along the rotation axis X across the entire length of the rotation axis X direction of the cylinder wall part 72 on the inner circumference of the cylinder wall part 72.

[0175] As shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, the guide unit 78 is provided between linking parts 74, 74 adjacent in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X at the base 71 of the second case unit 7. The guide unit 78 projects to the first case unit 6 side (paper surface front side).

[0176] The guide unit 78 forms a cylinder seen from the rotation axis X direction. The guide unit 78 surrounds the support hole 71a provided in the base 71. The outer circumference part of the guide unit 78 is cut along the outer circumference 71c of the base 71.

[0177]  As shown in FIG. 13 and FIG. 14, in the cross section view along the axis line X1, the pinion shaft 44 is inserted from the first case unit 6 side in the support hole 71a of the guide unit 78. The pinion shaft 44 is positioned by the positioning pin P in a state with the rotation around the axis line X1 regulated.

[0178] In this state, the small diameter gear part 432 of the stepped pinion gear 43 externally fitted on the pinion shaft 44 abuts the guide unit 78 from the axis line X1 direction with the washer Wc sandwiched between.

[0179] As shown in FIG. 4, in the differential case 50, a bearing B2 is externally fitted on the cylinder wall part 72 of the second case unit 7. The bearing B2 that is externally fitted on the cylinder wall part 72 is held by a support unit 145 of the fourth box 14. The cylinder wall part 72 of the differential case 50 is supported to be rotatable with the fourth box 14 with the bearing B2 interposed.

[0180] The drive shaft 9B that penetrates an opening 145a of the fourth box 14 is inserted from the rotation axis X direction in the support unit 145. The drive shaft 9B is supported to be rotatable with the support unit 145.

[0181] The lip seal RS is fixed to the inner circumference of the opening 145a. The lip section (not illustrated) of the lip seal RS is elastically in contact with the outer circumference of the cylinder wall part 540 of the side gear 54B externally fitted on the drive shaft 9B. As a result, the gap between the outer circumference of the cylinder wall part 540 of the side gear 54B and the inner circumference of the opening 145a is sealed.

[0182] The first case unit 6 of the differential case 50 is supported by the plate member 8 with the bearing B3 that is externally fitted on the cylinder wall part 611 interposed (see FIG. 2).

[0183] The drive shaft 9A that penetrates the insertion hole 130a of the third box 13 is inserted from the rotation axis direction inside the first case unit 6.

[0184] The drive shaft 9A is provided crossing the motor shaft 20 of the motor 2 and the inner diameter side of the sun gear 41 of the planetary reduction gear 4 in the rotation axis X direction.

[0185] As shown in FIG. 4, in the interior of the differential case 50, side gears 54A, 54B are spline fitted at the outer circumference of the tip end part of the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B). The side gears 54A, 54B and drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) are linked to be able to rotate integrally around the rotation axis X.

[0186] In this state, the side gears 54A, 54B are arranged facing with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction. The linking part 510 of the pinion mate shaft 51 is positioned between the side gears 54A, 54B.

[0187] In the present embodiment, the total of three pinion mate shafts 51 extend radially outside from the linking part 510. A pinion mate gear 52 is supported on each of the pinion mate shafts 51. The pinion mate gears 52 are assembled in a state with the teeth mutually engaged on the side gear 54A positioned at one side in the rotation axis X direction and the side gear 54B positioned at the other side.

[0188] As shown in FIG. 2, the oil OL for lubrication is retained inside the fourth box 14. The bottom side of the differential case 50 is positioned within the retained oil OL.

[0189] In the present embodiment, when the linking beam 62 is positioned at the bottommost side, the oil OL is retained up to the height at which the linking beam 62 is positioned within the oil OL.

[0190] When the output rotation of the motor 2 is transmitted, the retained oil OL is scooped up by the differential case 50 that rotates around the rotation axis X.

[0191] FIG. 17 to FIG. 25 are drawings for explaining the oil catch unit 15.

[0192] FIG. 17 is a plan view of the fourth box 14 seen from the third box 13 side.

[0193] FIG. 18 is a perspective view of the oil catch unit 15 shown in FIG. 17 seen from diagonally above.

[0194] FIG. 19 is a plan view of the fourth box 14 seen from the third box 13 side. FIG. 19 is a drawing showing the state with the differential case 50 arranged.

[0195] FIG. 20 is a perspective view of the oil catch unit 15 shown in FIG. 19 seen from diagonally above.

[0196] FIG. 21 is a schematic diagram of the A-A cross section in FIG. 19.

[0197] FIG. 22 is a schematic diagram for explaining the positional relationship between the oil catch unit 15 and the differential case 50 (first case unit 6, second case unit 7) when the power transmission device 1 is seen from above.

[0198] FIG. 23 is a drawing of a catch unit 153 seen from above.

[0199] FIG. 24 is a cross section view of A-A in FIG. 23, and is a drawing for explaining the incline of an inclined part 156.

[0200] FIG. 25 is a cross section view of B-B in FIG. 23, and is a drawing for explaining the incline of an inclined part 157. In FIG. 24 and FIG. 25, the incline of the inclined part 156 and the inclined part 157 are shown exaggerated, and parts other than the inclined parts are omitted as appropriate.

[0201] In FIG. 17 and FIG. 19, to make the position of the junction part 142 of the fourth box 14 and the support wall part 146 clear, these are shown marked by cross hatching.

[0202] As shown in FIG. 17, the support wall part 146 surrounding the center opening 145a with a prescribed gap is provided in the fourth box 14 seen from the rotation axis X direction. The inside (rotation axis X) side of the support wall part 146 is a housing unit 140 of the differential case 50 (see FIG. 19).

[0203] A space of the oil catch unit 15 and a space of a breather chamber 16 are formed above a horizontal line HL that passes through the rotation axis X inside the fourth box 14. Here, the horizontal line HL is the horizontal line HL with the installation state of the power transmission device 1 in the vehicle as reference. Seen from the rotation axis X direction, the horizontal line HL is orthogonal to the rotation axis X.

[0204] In the support wall part 146 of the fourth box 14, a communication port 147 that communicates between the oil catch unit 15 and the housing unit 140 of the differential case 50 is provided in the region intersecting a vertical line VL. The communication port 147 is formed as a notch in the support wall part 146 as a ring gear support part.

[0205] As shown in FIG. 17, the oil catch unit 15 and the breather chamber 16 are respectively positioned at one side (left side in the drawing) and the other side (right side in the drawing) sandwiching the vertical line VL that is orthogonal to the rotation axis X.

[0206] The oil catch unit 15 is arranged at a position offset from the vertical line VL passing through the rotation center of the differential case 50 (rotation axis X). As shown in FIG. 22, when viewing the oil catch unit 15 from above, the oil catch unit 15 is arranged at a position offset from directly above the differential case 50.

[0207] Here, the vertical line VL is a vertical line VL with the installation state of the power transmission device 1 in the vehicle as reference. Seen from the rotation axis X direction, the vertical line VL is orthogonal to the rotation axis X and the horizontal line HL.

[0208] As shown in FIG. 18, the oil catch unit 15 is formed extending to the paper surface back side from the support wall part 146. A support stand 151 as a shelf part projecting to the paper surface front side is provided on the bottom edge of the oil catch unit 15. The support stand 151 is provided on the paper surface front side from the support wall part 146, and in a range to the paper surface back side from the junction part 142 of the fourth box 14.

[0209] As shown in FIG. 17, seen from the rotation axis X direction, the communication port 147 is formed with a portion of the support wall part 146 cut out on the vertical line VL side (right side in the drawing) of the oil catch unit 15. The communication port 147 communicates between the oil catch unit 15 and the housing unit 140 of the differential case 50. By the communication port 147 being formed, the support wall part 146 forms a C shape when seen from the rotation axis X direction.

[0210] Seen from the rotation axis X direction, the communication port 147 is provided in a range crossing the vertical line VL from the breather chamber 16 side (right side in the drawing) to the oil catch unit 15 side (left side in the drawing).

[0211] The communication port 147 is provided at a position adjacent to the support stand 151 provided on the oil catch unit 15 in the circumferential direction around the rotation axis X. As a result, the oil OL scooped up by the differential case 50 more easily enters the support stand 151 from the communication port 147.

[0212] As shown in FIG. 19, in the present embodiment, during forward travel of the vehicle in which the power transmission device 1 is mounted, seen from the third box 13 side, the differential case 50 rotates in the counterclockwise direction CCW around the rotation axis X.

[0213] For that reason, the oil catch unit 15 is positioned at the downstream side in the rotation direction of the differential case 50. For the width in the circumferential direction of the communication port 147, the left side sandwiching the vertical line VL is wider than the right side. The left side sandwiching the vertical line VL is at the downstream side in the rotation direction of the differential case 50, and the right side is the upstream side. As a result, much of the oil OL scooped up by the differential case 50 rotating around the rotation axis X is made to be able to flow into the oil catch unit 15.

[0214] Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 22, the outer circumference position of the rotational orbit of a second shaft part 446 and the outer circumference position of the rotational orbit of the large diameter gear part 431 are offset in the radial direction of the rotation axis X. The outer circumference position of the rotational orbit of the second shaft part 446 is positioned more to the inner diameter side than the outer circumference position of the rotational orbit of the large diameter gear part 431. For that reason, there is a spatial margin at the outer diameter side of the second shaft part 446. By providing the oil catch unit 15 using this space, it is possible to effectively use the space inside the body box 10.

[0215]  Also, the second shaft part 446 projects to the back side of the small diameter gear part 432 seen from the motor 2. The peripheral member of the second shaft part 446 (e.g. the guide unit 58 of the differential case 50 that supports the second shaft part 446) is at a position near the oil catch unit 15.

[0216] Thus, it is possible to smoothly perform supplying of the oil OL (lubricating oil) from that peripheral member to the oil catch unit 15.

[0217] As shown in FIG. 18, an oil hole 151a that is open facing upward is provided at the back side of the support stand 151. The oil hole 151a extends from the end part of the outer diameter side open at the top surface of the support stand 151 to the inner diameter side inside the fourth box 14. The end part of the inner diameter side of the oil hole 151a is open on the inner circumference of the support unit 145.

[0218] As shown in FIG. 2, the end part of the inner diameter side of the oil hole 151a in the support unit 145 is open between the lip seal RS and the bearing B2.

[0219] As shown in FIG. 20, an oil guide 152 is placed on the support stand 151. The oil guide 152 is provided as a catch member for the oil OL on the top part of the support stand 151 (shelf part). The oil guide 152 has a catch unit 153, and a guide unit 154 extending from the catch unit 153 to the first box 11 side (paper surface front side).

[0220] As shown in FIG. 22, seen from above, the support stand 151 is provided radially outside the rotation axis X, at a position partially overlapping the differential case 50 (first case unit 6, second case unit 7), and to avoid interference with the stepped pinion gear 43 (large diameter gear part 431).

[0221] Seen from the radial direction of the rotation axis X, the catch unit 153 is provided at a position overlapping the second shaft part 446 of the pinion shaft 44. Furthermore, the guide unit 154 is provided at a position where the first shaft part 445 of the pinion shaft 44 and the large diameter gear part 431 overlap.

[0222]  For that reason, when the differential case 50 rotates around the rotation axis X, the oil OL scooped up by the differential case 50 moves toward the catch unit 153 and the guide unit 154 side.

[0223] As shown in FIG. 23, the catch unit 153 is configured from the inclined part 156 as a second inclined surface and the inclined part 157 as a first inclined surface. The inclined part 156 is positioned at the back side of the support stand 151 (upper side in FIG. 22) and is connected to the oil hole 151a. The inclined part 157 is positioned at the front side of the support stand 151 (lower side of FIG. 22) and is connected to the guide unit 154. The inclined part 157 communicates with the inclined part 156 at one end 157a.

[0224] The inclined part 156 extends from one end 156a connected to the oil hole 151a toward another end 156b in the direction orthogonal to the rotation axis X. As shown in FIG. 24, the surface of the inclined part 156 is inclined downward facing the one end 156a from the other end 156b.

[0225] As shown in FIG. 23, the inclined part 157 extends from the one end 157a toward another end 157b in the direction along the rotation axis X. The one end 157a of the inclined part 157 communicates with the inclined part 156, and the other end 157b is connected to the guide unit 154. As shown in FIG. 25, the surface of the inclined part 157 is inclined downward from the one end 157a toward the other end 157b.

[0226] As shown in FIG. 20, a wall part 153a stands on the outer circumference edge of the inclined part 156 and the inclined part 157 of the catch unit 153. The wall part 153a extends in the direction separating from the support stand 151 (upward). A portion of the oil OL caught by the catch unit 153 is held and retained in the oil guide 152 by the wall part 153a.

[0227] The surface of the inclined part 156 and the inclined part 157 is each inclined. As a result, as shown in FIG. 22, a portion of the oil OL caught by the inclined part 156 flows toward the oil hole 151a according to gravity. A portion of the oil OL caught by the inclined part 157 flows toward the guide unit 154 according to gravity.

[0228] As shown in FIG. 23, a notch part 155 is provided in the wall part 153a extending from the one end 156a of the inclined part 156.

[0229] The notch part 155 is provided in a region facing the oil hole 151a. A portion of the oil OL that flows toward the oil hole 151a is discharged from the notch part 155 part toward the oil hole 151a. Specifically, the notch part 155 acts as an introduction port to guide the oil OL to the oil hole 151a.

[0230] Here, as shown in FIG. 24 and FIG. 25, an inclination angle α with respect to the horizontal line HL is smaller than an inclination angle β with respect to the horizontal line HL of the inclined part 157. Specifically, the inclined part 156 has a gentler incline than the inclined part 157. The opening surface of the oil hole 151a is smaller than the surface of the guide unit 154. For that reason, the oil discharge amount of the oil hole 151a is smaller than that of the guide unit 154. For that reason, in the embodiment, the incline of the inclined part 156 connected to the oil hole 151a is made to be gentle, suppressing the amount of oil OL flowing to the oil hole 151a. By matching the amount of oil OL flowing into the oil hole 151a to the discharge amount of the oil OL from the oil hole 151a, it is possible to keep a suitable amount of the oil OL retained in the catch unit 153.

[0231] The guide unit 154 is inclined downward as it separates from the catch unit 153. As shown in FIG. 20, wall parts 154a, 154a are provided at both sides in the width direction of the guide unit 154. The wall parts 154a, 154a are provided across the entire length in the lengthwise direction of the guide unit 154. The wall parts 154a, 154a are connected to the wall part 153a that surrounds the outer circumference of the catch unit 153.

[0232] As shown in FIG. 23, a portion of the oil OL retained in the inclined part 157 of the catch unit 153 is discharged to the guide unit 154 side. Specifically, the guide unit 154 acts as a branch port and branches a portion of the oil OL retained in the catch unit 153 and guides it to a location other than the oil hole 151a.

[0233] As shown in FIG. 21, in the guide unit 154, the position that avoids interference with the differential case 50 extends to the second box 12 side. A tip 154b of the guide unit 154 faces a through hole 126a provided on the wall part 120 of the second box 12 with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction.

[0234] A boss part 126 that surrounds the through hole 126a is provided on the outer circumference of the wall part 120. One end of a pipe 127 is fitted into the boss part 126 from the rotation axis X direction.

[0235] The pipe 127 passes through the outside of the second box 12 to the third box 13. The other end of the pipe 127 communicates with the oil hole 136a provided in the cylindrical connecting wall 136 of the third box 13 (see FIG. 2).

[0236] A portion of the oil OL scooped up by the differential case 50 rotating around the rotation axis X reaches the oil catch unit 15. The oil OL passes through the guide unit 154 and the pipe 127, and is supplied to the internal space Sc of the connecting wall 136.

[0237] A radial oil passage 137 that communicates with the internal space Sc is provided in the third box 13.

[0238] The radial oil passage 137 extends radially downward from the internal space Sc. The radial oil passage 137 communicates with the axial oil passage 138 provided inside the junction part 132.

[0239] The axil oil passage 138 connects with the oil reservoir 128 provided at the bottom of the second box 12 via the communication hole 112a provided in the junction part 112 of the first box 11.

[0240] The oil reservoir 128 penetrates inside the peripheral wall part 121 in the rotation axis X direction. The oil reservoir 128 connects with the second gear chamber Sb2 provided in the fourth box 14.

[0241] The operation of the power transmission device 1 of this configuration is explained.

[0242] As shown in FIG. 1, in the power transmission device 1, the planetary reduction gear 4, the differential device 5, and the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) are provided along the transmission route of the output rotation of the motor 2.

[0243] As shown in FIG. 2, when the rotor core 21 rotates around the rotation axis X by driving of the motor 2, the rotation is inputted to the sun gear 41 of the planetary reduction gear 4 via the motor shaft 20 that rotates integrally with the rotor core 21.

[0244] As shown in FIG. 3, with the planetary reduction gear 4, the sun gear 41 serves as the input unit of the output rotation of the motor 2. The differential case 50 that supports the stepped pinion gear 43 serves as the output unit of the inputted rotation.

[0245] When the sun gear 41 rotates around the rotation axis X by the inputted rotation, the stepped pinion gear 43 (large diameter gear part 431, small diameter gear part 432) rotates around the axis line X1 by the rotation inputted from the sun gear 41 side.

[0246] Here, the small diameter gear part 432 of the stepped pinion gear 43 is engaged with the ring gear 42 fixed to the inner circumference of the fourth box 14. For that reason, the stepped pinion gear 43 revolves around the rotation axis X while auto-rotating around the axis line X1. The rotation axis X is the revolution center of the stepped pinion gear 43 (pinion gear).

[0247] Here, with the stepped pinion gear 43, the outer diameter R2 of the small diameter gear part 432 is smaller than the outer diameter R1 of the large diameter gear part 431 (see FIG. 3).

[0248] By doing this, the differential case 50 (first case unit 6, second case unit 7) that supports the stepped pinion gear 43 rotates around the rotation axis X at a rotation speed lower than the rotation inputted from the motor 2 side.

[0249] For that reason, the rotation inputted to the sun gear 41 of the planetary reduction gear 4 is significantly reduced by the stepped pinion gear 43. The reduced rotation is outputted to the differential case 50 (differential mechanism 5).

[0250] By the differential case 50 rotating around the rotation axis X by the inputted rotation, inside the differential case 50, the drive shafts 9 (9A, 9B) that engage with the pinion mate gear 52 rotate around the rotation axis X. As a result, drive wheels (not illustrated) at the left and right of the vehicle in which the power transmission device 1 is mounted rotate by the transmitted rotational drive power.

[0251] As shown in FIG. 2, the oil OL for lubrication is retained inside the fourth box 14. For that reason, the retained oil OL is scooped up by the differential case 50 rotating around the rotation axis X during transmission of the output rotation of the motor 2.

[0252] The engagement part between the sun gear 41 and the large diameter gear part 431, the engagement part between the small diameter gear part 432 and the ring gear 42, and the engagement part between the pinion mate gear 52 and the side gears 54A, 54B are lubricated by the scooped-up oil OL.

[0253] As shown in FIG. 19, the differential case 50 seen from the third box 13 side rotates in the counterclockwise direction CCW around the rotation axis X.

[0254] The oil catch unit 15 is provided on the top part of the fourth box 14. The oil catch unit 15 is positioned at the downstream side in the rotation direction of the differential case 50. Much of the oil OL scooped up by the differential case 50 flows into the oil catch unit 15.

[0255] As shown in FIG. 22, the oil guide 152 mounted on the support stand 151 is provided in the oil catch unit 15.

[0256] The guide unit 154 and the catch unit 153 of the oil guide 152 are positioned at the radial outside of the first case unit 6 of the differential case 50 and the radial outside of the second case unit 7 of the differential case 50.

[0257] For that reason, much of the oil that is scooped up by the differential case 50 and flows into the oil catch unit 15 is captured by the oil guide 152.

[0258] A portion of the oil OL captured by the inclined part 156 of the oil guide 152 flows along the incline to the oil hole 151a side. The oil OL is discharged from the notch part 155 provided in the wall part 153a, and flows into the oil hole 151a for which one end is opened on the top surface of the support stand 151.

[0259] The end part of the inner diameter side of the oil hole 151a is open at the inner circumference of the support unit 145 (see FIG. 2). For that reason, the oil OL that flows into the oil hole 151a is discharged to a gap Rx between the inner circumference of the support unit 145 of the fourth box 14 and the cylinder wall part 540 of the side gear 54B.

[0260] A portion of the oil OL discharged to the gap Rx lubricates the bearing B2 supported by the support unit 145. The oil OL that lubricates the bearing B2 moves to the outer diameter side by the centrifugal force by rotation of the differential case 50. On the outer diameter side of the differential case 50, the slit 710 is provided along the inner circumference of the peripheral wall part 73. Further movement of the oil OL to the outer diameter side is obstructed by the peripheral wall part 73. The oil OL passes through the slit 710 to the first case unit 6 side.

[0261] At the first case unit 6 side of the slit 710, the case-internal oil passage 781 is open in the inner circumference of the guide unit 78. A portion of the oil OL that passes through the slit 710 flows inside the case-internal oil passage 781 by the centrifugal force by the rotation of the differential case 50.

[0262] The oil OL that flows into the case-internal oil passage 781 passes through the introduction path 441 and flows into the shaft-internal oil passage 440 of the pinion shaft 44. The oil OL that flows into the shaft-internal oil passage 440 is discharged radially outside from the oil holes 442, 443. The discharged oil OL lubricates the needle bearing NB externally fitted on the pinion shaft 44.

[0263] Furthermore, a portion of the oil OL discharged to the gap Rx passes through the oil groove 721 provided on the inner circumference of the cylinder wall part 72 of the second case unit 7 as shown in FIG. 13 and FIG. 14. The oil OL that passes through the oil groove 721 is supplied to the washer 55 that supports the back surface of the side gear 54B and lubricates the washer 55.

[0264] Furthermore, the oil OL passes through the oil groove 712 provided in the base 71 of the second case unit 7 and the oil groove 742 provided in the arc part 741. The oil OL that passes through the oil groove 742 is supplied to the spherical washer 53 that supports the back surface of the pinion mate gear 52 and lubricates the spherical washer 53.

[0265] Also, as shown in FIG. 22, a portion of the oil OL captured by the inclined part 157 of the oil guide 152 of the oil catch unit 15 flows along the incline to the guide unit 154 side. The oil OL further flows along the incline of the guide unit 154. As shown in FIG. 21, the tip 154b of the guide unit 154 faces the through hole 126a provided in the wall part 120 of the second box 12 with a gap open in the rotation axis X direction.

[0266] For that reason, much of the oil OL that flows to the guide unit 154 flows into the through hole 126a of the second box 12.

[0267] The boss part 126 surrounding the through hole 126a is provided on the outer circumference of the wall part 120. One end of the pipe 127 is fitted into the boss part 126 from the rotation axis X direction.

[0268] The pipe 127 passes through the outside of the second box 12 and extends to the third box 13. The other end of the pipe 127 communicates with the oil hole 136a provided in the cylindrical connecting wall 136 of the third box 13 (see FIG. 2).

[0269]  For that reason, in the present embodiment, a portion of the oil OL that reaches the oil catch unit 15 passes through the guide unit 154 and the pipe 127 and is supplied to the internal space Sc of the connecting wall 136.

[0270] The oil OL discharged from the oil hole 136a to the internal space Sc is retained in the internal space Sc. The oil OL lubricates the bearing B4 supported by the peripheral wall part 131 of the third box 13.

[0271] A portion of the oil OL discharged to the internal space Sc passes through the gap between the outer circumference of the drive shaft 9A and the inner circumference of the motor shaft 20, and moves to the other end 20b side of the motor shaft 20.

[0272] As shown in FIG. 10, the other end 20b of the motor shaft 20 is inserted inside the cylinder wall part 541 of the side gear 54A. A connection path 542 that communicates with the back surface of the side gear 54A is provided on the inner circumference of the cylinder wall part 541.

[0273] For that reason, a portion of the oil OL that moves to the other end 20b side of the motor shaft 20 and is discharged to inside the cylinder wall part 541 passes through the connection path 542. The oil OL that passes through the connection path 542 is supplied to the washer 55 of the back surface of the side gear 54A and lubricates the washer 55.

[0274] Furthermore, the oil OL that lubricates the washer 55 of the back surface of the side gear 54A passes through the oil groove 662 provided on the gear support part 66 of the first case unit 6 and the oil groove 642 provided on the arc part 641. The oil OL that passes through the oil groove 642 is supplied to the spherical washer 53 that supports the back surface of the pinion mate gear 52 and lubricates the spherical washer 53.

[0275] Also, as shown in FIG. 2, the internal space Sc of the third box 13 connects with the second gear chamber Sb2 provided in the fourth box 14 via the radial oil passage 137, the axial oil passage 138, the communication hole 112a, and the oil reservoir 128 provided at the bottom of the second box 12.

[0276] For that reason, the oil OL inside the internal space Sc is held at a position at the same height at which the oil OL is retained inside the fourth box 14.

[0277] In this way, much of the oil OL scooped up by the differential case 50 rotating around the rotation axis X flows into the oil catch unit 15. The oil OL is supplied from the oil catch unit 15 to inside the support unit 145 of the fourth box 14 and lubricates the bearing B2. The oil OL is also supplied from the oil catch unit 15 to the internal space Sc inside the third box 13 and lubricates the bearing B4.

[0278] Also, the oil OL that lubricates these bearings B2, B4 is ultimately returned to inside the fourth box 14, and scooped up by the rotating differential case 50.

[0279] Thus, in the power transmission device 1, the oil OL inside the fourth box 14 is scooped up during rotation of the drive wheels W, W, and is used for lubrication of the bearings and engagement parts between gears with each other. The oil OL used for lubrication is returned to inside the fourth box 14 and made to be able to be scooped up again.

[0280] As described above, the power transmission device 1 of the present embodiment has the following configuration.
  1. (1) The power transmission device 1 comprises the differential mechanism 5, the differential case 50 (case) that houses the differential mechanism 5, and the stepped pinion gear 43 (pinion gear) supported by the differential case 50, inside the fourth box 14 (box). The fourth box 14 has a support stand 151 (shelf part) above the horizontal line HL that passes through the rotation axis X that is the revolution center of the stepped pinion gear 43.


[0281] The oil OL scooped up by the rotation of the stepped pinion gear 43 is caught on the upper side of the support stand 151, in other words, the surface of the support stand 151, or in the oil guide 152 placed on the support stand 151. As a result, it is possible for the oil OL to be sent into various locations from the upper side of the support stand 151. Specifically, by providing the support stand 151, it is possible to increase the degree of freedom in designing the supply of the oil OL scooped up by the rotation of the stepped pinion gear 43.

[0282] (2) The support stand 151 has the oil hole 151a that opens facing upward.

[0283] The oil OL scooped up by the rotation of the stepped pinion gear 43 and has fallen onto the upper side of the support stand 151 is introduced to the oil hole 151a that is open upward. This configuration makes it possible to guide the oil OL more efficiently to the oil hole 151a than in a configuration in which it is introduced from the oil hole 151a open facing sideways.

[0284] (3) The power transmission device 1 has the oil guide 152 (catch member) provided on the top part of the support stand 151. The notch part 155 (introduction port) that guides the oil OL to the oil hole 151a is provided on the oil guide 152.

[0285] When the oil OL is caught by the oil guide 152 provided on the top part of the support stand 151, using gravity, the oil OL is introduced from the notch part 155 to the oil hole 151a provided in the support stand 151. With this configuration, it is possible to use the oil OL efficiently. With the embodiment, the notch part 155 is provided as an introduction port, but the form of the introduction port is not limited. For example, the introduction port can also be an oil hole provided on the bottom part or the side surface of the oil guide 152.

[0286] (4) In the oil guide 152, the guide unit 154 (branch port) that guides the oil OL to a location other than the oil hole 151a is provided.

[0287] The amount of the oil OL that can pass through the oil hole 151a formed on the oil guide 152 is smaller than the volume of the oil OL that can be caught by the oil guide 152. For that reason, the surplus oil OL caught by the oil guide 152 is branched by the guide unit 154 and used for lubrication of other locations. With this configuration, it is possible to use the oil OL effectively.

[0288] (5) The oil guide 152 has the inclined part 157 (first inclined surface) connected to the guide unit 154, and the inclined part 156 (second inclined surface) connected to the notch part 155. The inclination angle α of the inclined part 156 is smaller than the inclination angle β of the inclined part 157.

[0289] The oil OL flows according to gravity by the two inclined parts 156, 157, so it is possible to guide the oil OL smoothly to the notch part 155 and the guide unit 154 that the inclined parts 156, 157 are connected to. Furthermore, the inclination angle α of the inclined part 156 connected to the notch part 155 is made gentler than the incline angle β of the inclined part 157. As a result, in the inclined part 156, the oil OL does not immediately flow to the notch part 155, and is temporarily held on the inclined part 156. By using this configuration, it is possible to increase the oil OL holding function in the catch unit 153 of the oil guide 152.

[0290] (6) The power transmission device 1 has the ring gear 42 that engages with the stepped pinion gear 43. The fourth box 14 has the support wall part 146 (ring gear support part) that engages with the ring gear 42. The support wall part 146 has the communication port 147 (notch) at a position adjacent to the support stand 151 in the circumferential direction.

[0291] By providing the communication port 147 on the support wall part 146 that engages with the ring gear 42, it is possible to supply the oil OL to the support stand 151 more smoothly. In specific terms, a portion of the oil OL that scatters by the rotation of the stepped pinion gear 43 jumps over the outer circumference side of the ring gear 42 and scatters in the direction facing the support stand 151. The support wall part 146 that engages with the ring gear 42 can obstruct the oil OL facing the support stand 151. In light of that, the communication port 147 is provided in the support wall part 146, and guides the oil OL to the support stand 151. Forming a notch as the communication port 147, said another way, means that the support wall part 146 that engages with the ring gear 42 is arranged at both sides sandwiching the notch. Specifically, the configuration of the embodiment means a configuration that increases the stability of the support of the ring gear 42.

[0292] (7) The support wall part 146 has a shape of the letter C.

[0293] The support wall part 146 may also be configured from a plurality of individual support parts arranged on the outer circumference of the ring gear 42, for example. However, by forming the support wall part 146 in a C shape seen from the rotation axis X direction, making a shape that surrounds the outer circumference of the ring gear 42 as shown in the embodiment, it is possible to increase the surface of the portion that supports the ring gear 42. By using this configuration, it is possible to increase the support stability of the ring gear 42.

[0294] The power transmission device 1 of the present embodiment has the following configuration.

[0295] (8) The power transmission device (1) has the motor 2 arranged upstream of the transmission route of the rotation drive force of the sun gear 41 that engages with the stepped pinion gear 43, and the drive shaft 9A (drive shaft) connected to the differential mechanism 5. The drive shaft 9A penetrates the inner circumference of the sun gear 41 and the motor 2.

[0296] The power transmission device 1 is the power transmission device for a single axle electric vehicle, and can provide a compact power transmission device.

[0297] Above, embodiments of the invention of the present application were explained, but the invention of the present application is not limited only to the modes shown in the embodiments. It can be modified as appropriate within the scope of the technical concepts of the invention.

[Explanation of Codes]



[0298] 
1
Power transmission device
2
Motor
3
Park lock mechanism
4
Planetary reduction gear
5
Differential mechanism
6
First case unit
7
Second case unit
8
Plate member
9
Drive shaft
9A
Drive shaft (drive shaft)
9B
Drive shaft
10
Body box
11
First box
12
Second box
13
Third box
14
Fourth box (box)
15
Oil catch unit
16
Breather chamber
20
Motor shaft
41
Sun gear
42
Ring gear
43
Stepped pinion gear (pinion gear)
44
Pinion shaft
50
Differential case (case)
146
Support wall part (ring gear support part)
147
Communication port (notch)
151
Support stand (shelf part)
151a
Oil hole
152
Oil guide (catch member)
154
Guide unit (branch port)
155
Notch part (introduction port)
156
Inclined part (second inclined surface)
157
Inclined part (first inclined surface)
X
Rotation axis (revolution center of the pinion gear)
HL
Horizontal line
α, β
Inclination angle



Claims

1. A power transmission device comprising:

a differential mechanism;

a case that houses the differential mechanism; and

a pinion gear supported by the case, inside a box, wherein

the box has a shelf part above a horizontal line that passes through a revolution center of the pinion gear.


 
2. The power transmission device according to claim 1, wherein
the shelf part has an oil hole that is open facing upward.
 
3. The power transmission device according to claim 2, further comprising

a catch member provided on a top part of the shelf part, wherein

an introduction port that guides lubrication oil to the oil hole is provided on the catch member.


 
4. The power transmission device according to claim 3, wherein
the catch member has a branch port that guides the lubrication oil to a location other than the oil hole.
 
5. The power transmission device according to claim 4, wherein

the catch member has a first inclined surface connected to the branch port, and a second inclined surface connected to the introduction port, and

an inclination angle of the second inclined surface is smaller than an inclination angle of the first inclined surface.


 
6. The power transmission device according to any of claims 1 to 5, further comprising

a ring gear that engages with the pinion gear, wherein

the box has a ring gear support part that engages with the ring gear, and

the ring gear support part has a notch at a position adjacent to the shelf part in a circumferential direction.


 
7. The power transmission device according to claim 6, wherein
the ring gear support part has a letter C shape.
 
8. The power transmission device according to any of claims 1 to 7, further comprising

a motor arranged upstream of a sun gear that engages with the pinion gear, and

a drive shaft connected with the differential mechanism, wherein

the drive shaft penetrates inner circumferences of the sun gear and the motor.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description