(19)
(11)EP 4 159 472 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
05.04.2023 Bulletin 2023/14

(21)Application number: 22210109.9

(22)Date of filing:  31.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B44C 3/02(2006.01)
B29C 64/112(2017.01)
B41M 5/00(2006.01)
B41M 3/16(2006.01)
G09B 25/06(2006.01)
B41J 3/407(2006.01)
B41J 11/00(2006.01)
B41M 7/00(2006.01)
B44C 5/04(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B44C 5/04; B44C 3/025; B41J 3/4073; B41J 11/002; B41J 11/0015; B41M 3/16; B41M 5/0047; B41M 7/0036; B41M 7/0054; B41M 7/0045
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
18939015.6 / 3875248

(71)Applicant: Barberan Latorre, Jesús Francisco
08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (ES)

(72)Inventor:
  • Barberan Latorre, Jesús Francisco
    08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (ES)

(74)Representative: Buceta Facorro, Luis 
AB Asesores Propiedad Industrial E Intelectual S.L.P Avda. Lehendakari Aguirre, 44 bajo
48014 Bilbao
48014 Bilbao (ES)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 29.11.2022 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)METHOD FOR PRODUCING A THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE ON A SURFACE OF A FLAT SUBSTRATE, RESULTING SUBSTRATE, AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING THE SUBSTRATE ACCORDING TO THE METHOD


(57) The invention relates to a method for producing a three-dimensional structure on a face (1') of a flat substrate (1), a device for implementing the method, and the substrate (1) that can be produced, said method comprising the following steps: providing the substrate (1) with the face (1') ready to be treated; applying a relief product (2) in the form of droplets on the face (1'), such that selected positions of droplets are produced on the face (1'); applying a covering product (3) to the face (1') such that it forms a layer over the face (1'); and fixing the layer of the covering product (3) obtaining the selected positions on the face (1') free from the covering product (3).




Description

Technical field



[0001] The present invention is related to the industry dedicated to generating reliefs, and more specifically to the industry dedicated to producing layers with 3D structures on substrates by means of digital printing.

State of the art



[0002] Currently, forming 3D reliefs or structures on substrates is known, the substrates being configured as panels and being made of a material which can be selected, for example, from wood (chipboard, medium-density fibres "MDF", high-density fibres "HDF" or plywood), plastic (PVC), cellulose-based materials (paper or cardboard) and metal.

[0003] Nowadays, in order to obtain a good result when reproducing natural materials, such as wood or stone, in addition to the image, it is necessary to reproduce the 3D surface structure of said natural materials in order to obtain a high similarity also to the touch.

[0004] A known solution comprises first applying a material in the form of a film on a face of the substrate, in order to then exert pressure on said face of the substrate through a pressure element such as a mould, a roller or similar. The pressure element has an engraving, which by means of pressure is transferred inversely to the face of the substrate, and more specifically to the film applied thereon.

[0005] A major drawback, among others, of this solution resides in that it is not very flexible since in order to change the engraving to be transferred to the substrate, the corresponding pressure element has to be changed.

[0006] Other known solutions, which provide flexibility in the reproduction of reliefs, comprise applying on the corresponding face of the substrate a layer of a first product or a first substance in a liquid state, or at least partially liquid, whereon droplets of a second product or a second substance are projected.

[0007] According to the solution known through document EP3109056A1, the droplets of the second product impact against the surface of the first product causing a subsidence or recess through the thickness of this first product. Once the drying or curing of said products is carried out, a surface position is produced on said face of the substrate with reliefs or 3D structures.

[0008] According to the solution known through document WO2018/069874A1, the droplets of the second product are deposited or applied on the layer formed by the first product such that, depending on the features of said two products, the droplets penetrate to a greater or lesser degree through said layer. In this manner, once the drying or curing of the two products is carried out, a surface position is produced on said face of the substrate with reliefs or 3D structures, with a greater or lesser depth.

[0009] In order to represent, for example, a wooden plank with grain or a stone slab with cracks, the changes in the thickness of the first product layer must coincide as much as possible with the position of said grain or cracks, according to the image included before or after the application of the first product and/or the second product.

[0010] In this sense, the solutions described that project or eject the droplets of the second product onto the layer formed by the first product are highly complex, while being at least partially ineffective, from the point of view of precision when locating the changes in the thickness of the layer by means of arrangement of the droplets given the interaction of the droplets with a medium which is at least partially liquid.

[0011] In this sense, when using these solutions, great precision must be used in the calculation of the ejection points of the droplets on the layer and the angle of incidence of said droplets when they make contact with the first product, in addition to the injection action itself regarding size and properties of both products.

[0012] Aspects such as the properties of the two products and the thickness of the layer formed by the first of the products must be considered in each case in order to foresee the possible displacements undergone by the second products once they interact in the form of droplets through the layer of the first product until they are arranged according to the final positioning thereof, and therefore the exact reduction point of the thickness of the layer. There is a high complexity when evaluating the interaction of one product which hits another, and more so at high printing speeds.

[0013] In view of the described disadvantages or limitations of currently existing solutions, a solution is necessary which offers a high flexibility when changing the relief to be produced on the corresponding substrate, in addition to providing greater precision in the arrangement of the reliefs and a reduction in the degree of complexity in the calculations for the application of the products to be used.

Object of the invention



[0014] In order to meet this objective and solve the technical problems commented so far, in addition to providing additional advantages which may be derived later on, the present invention provides a method for producing a three-dimensional structure on a face of a flat substrate, a device for implementing the method and a substrate that can be produced by implementing said method.

[0015] The method comprises the following steps:
  • providing the substrate with the face ready to be treated;
  • applying a relief product, preferably by means of injection heads, in the form of droplets on the face, such that selected positions of the droplets on the face are obtained;
  • applying a covering product to the face such that it forms a layer over the face;
  • fixing by drying or curing the layer of the covering product to obtain the selected positions on the face free from the covering product.


[0016] According to the present invention, the relief product comprises properties which provide a delaying effect in the drying or curing such that the drying or curing time of the relief product is greater than that of the covering product.

[0017] According to the method, energy is applied by carrying out said fixing by means of drying or curing the layer of the covering product.

[0018] Preferably, the relief product and the covering product comprise properties such that they are immiscible with each other in order to generate a removal of the covering product in correspondence with the droplets of the relief product.

[0019] According to the method, after fixing the layer of the covering product, the relief product is maintained on the face or is removed. If it is removed after fixing the layer of the covering product, said relief product is preferably removed through a brushing or an application of compressed air. Alternatively, the relief product is removed during the fixing of the layer of the covering product.

[0020] According to the method, once the layer of the covering product is fixed, a protective product is applied to the face. In this manner, the protective product can cover or be arranged on the covering product and can be arranged on the selected positions free from the covering product, with or without the relief product in between them.

[0021] Subsequently to the application of the covering product, a fixing of said protective product is carried out.

[0022] The relief product is selected from ink, silicone, varnish, lacquer, water-based liquid, solvent-based liquid and any combination of the previous, in other words, two or more of any of the above. The ink is preferably transparent. The covering product, on the other hand, is preferably lacquer or varnish.

[0023] The substrate that can be produced by means of the method according to what has been described comprises the selected positions free from the covering product on the face thereof. In this manner, the substrate comprises the three-dimensional structure on the face thereof.

[0024] The device for producing the mentioned substrate comprises injection heads for applying the relief product in the form of droplets on a face of the substrate, first fixing means for drying or curing the relief product, means for applying the covering product on the face of the substrate, second fixing means for drying or curing the covering product, means for applying the protective product, third fixing means for drying the protective product and a control unit configured to apply the method as described.

[0025] The first fixing means, the second fixing means and/or the third fixing means may be the same or different from each other, the properties and nature of the relief product, the covering product and the protective product being that which determine it.

Description of the figures



[0026] 

Figure 1 shows a schematic view of a substrate.

Figure 2 shows a schematic view of the substrate with droplets of a first product on a face thereof.

Figures 3 and 4 show schematic views of the substrate with the droplets and a layer of a second product according to two different thicknesses of said layer.

Figure 5 shows a schematic view of the substrate, according to figure 3, wherein it can be seen how both products are reacting with each other.

Figure 6 shows a schematic view of the substrate, according to figure 4, wherein it can be seen how the droplets have been removed.

Figure 7 shows a schematic view of the substrate wherein, after the reaction between the two products, a portion of the layer has been removed in correspondence with the droplets.

Figure 8 shows a schematic view of the substrate, according to figure 7, wherein additionally the droplets have been removed.

Figure 9 shows a schematic view of the substrate wherein another layer of another additional product has been applied on the face of the position of the remaining layer.


Detailed description of the invention



[0027] The present invention relates to a method for producing a three-dimensional structure on a face (1') of a flat substrate (1), to the substrate (1) that can be produced by implementing said method and to a device for producing or manufacturing said substrate (1) by implementing said method.

[0028] The present method enables a better definition of the three-dimensional structure, a higher precision in the arrangement of the reliefs or changes in depth in the external surface of the face (1') and a better control of the depth in recesses or reductions in thickness to be produced, in turn reducing the degree of complexity in the calculations and in the application of substances or products to be applied. In this manner, the substrate (1) obtained has a higher quality in the definition thereof in terms of the relief or the three-dimensional structure.

[0029] The substrate (1) is flat since it has at least the face (1') to be treated as flat in order to arrange the three-dimensional structure thereon, which can be seen, for example, in figure 1. The substrate (1) is preferably configured as a panel, plank or slab of a material which can be selected, for example, from wood (chipboard, medium-density fibres "MDF", high-density fibres "HDF" or plywood), plastic (PVC), cellulose-based materials (paper or cardboard) and metal.

[0030] According to the method, the substrate (1) is arranged in relation to the device used to carry out the method such that the face (1') is in the arrangement to receive a first relief product (2). The relief product (2) is selected from ink, which is preferably transparent, silicone, varnish, lacquer, water-based liquid, solvent-based liquid and any combination of the above, in other words, between some or all of the above.

[0031] For the application of the relief product (2), the device comprises injection heads such that by means of the use of inkjet digital printing technology, said heads apply or eject the first relief product (2) on the face (1').

[0032] A print or a preparation layer can be arranged on the substrate (1), and more specifically directly on the face (1') thereof. Both the print and said preparation layer are considered as part of the thickness of the substrate (1) itself, since the relief product (2) is arranged on them, not being absorbed to any extent. In other words, neither the substrate (1), nor the print, nor the preparation layer absorb the relief product (2) such that when said relief product (2) is applied, it remains on them, without moving through them.

[0033] In this manner, "substrate (1)" corresponds to the substrate (1) free from the print and from the preparation layer or the substrate (1) including either said print or said preparation layer.

[0034] The relief product (2), and more specifically the droplets thereof, determine the changes in thickness of the final substrate (1) produced, in other words, it determines slits or recesses in a final external surface position of the substrate (1) produced. The relief product (2) covers only selected positions. These selected positions correspond to specific and isolated positions, in other words, leaving a portion of the face (1') of the substrate (1) uncovered or not covered.

[0035] Thus, the method comprises applying the relief product (2) in the form of droplets on the face (1') of the substrate (1). In this manner, the relief product (2) is arranged according to the described selected positions on said face (1'). In figure 2, it can be seen that the substrate (1) with the droplets of the relief product (2) arranged as described on the face (1') of the substrate (1).

[0036] The selected positions of the droplets of the relief product (2) can correspond with a selection of the positions in order to correspond to specific identifiable positions on the print or the preparation layer. The relief product (2) covers only specific and isolated positions, in other words, it leaves portions of the face (1') of the substrate (1), of the print or the preparation layer uncovered or not covered. In this manner, the production of the three-dimensional structure can be synchronised with the drawings or the identifiable specific positions in the print or the preparation layer.

[0037] Alternatively, the selected positions of the droplets of the relief product (2) can correspond to a selection of the shape positions that are random.

[0038] Accordingly, and regardless of whether the substrate (1) has the print or the preparation layer, the application of the droplets of the relief product (2) is done corresponding exactly to the position point of the slits or the recesses in the final external surface position of the substrate (1) produced since said product (2) is arranged such that it is prevented from undergoing displacements through other products. This is due to the application of the relief product (2) on the substrate (1), without passing through any film of another substance, preventing an interaction therewith from modifying the application point.

[0039] This improves the precision in the position of said slits, in addition to entailing a significant simplification in terms of calculations in the configuration of the application or ejection of the droplets of the relief product (2).

[0040] Optionally, the droplets of the relief product (2) are at least partially dried or cured such that they reach at least a semi-solid or gelling state. This contributes to fixing, even to a greater extent, the positioning of said droplets on the face (1') of the substrate (1) established precisely and directly by means of the application or ejection of the droplets of the relief product (2) on the substrate (1).

[0041] Next, the method, after the application of the relief product (2), comprises applying a covering product (3) on the substrate (1) entailing an increase in the thickness of the substrate (1). Said covering product (3) is applied such that it forms a layer on the face (1'). Accordingly, the covering product (3) is applied both in correspondence with the droplets and in correspondence with the portions of the face (1') of the substrate (1) free from the relief product (2), such that said covering product (3) remains around the droplets and on said face (1').

[0042] For this application, the device used to carry out the method comprises application means. The application means of the covering product (3) can be selected from, among others, injection heads that use digital inkjet printing technology, spray guns and rollers.

[0043] The covering product (3), by way of a preferred example, is a lacquer or a varnish. In turn, said product (3) is preferably UV-radiation curing. Said covering product (3) is applied in a liquid state according to level measurements, preferably two. A first level measurement is determined when the thickness thereof on the face (1') reaches or even exceeds the thickness of the droplets of the relief product (2) on the face (1'), as seen, for example, in figure 3. A second level measurement is determined when the thickness thereof on the face (1') is less than the thickness of the droplets of the relief product (2) on the face (1'), as seen, for example, in figure 4. Both figure 3 and figure 4 show the arrangement in the form of a layer of the covering product (3) after the application thereof on the face (1') of the substrate (1).

[0044] Optionally, the covering product (3) applied is at least partially dried or cured such that it reaches at least a semi-solid or gelling state. This contributes to fixing the relative positioning of said covering product (3) with respect to the droplets of the relief product (2).

[0045] Next, the method preferably comprises allowing a generation of reactions, physical and chemical, to take place between the relief product (2) and the covering product (3) due to interaction with each other. These reactions give rise to a removal or a displacement of the covering product (3) in correspondence with the droplets of the relief product (2), in other words, the covering product (3) is displaced away from the relief product (2).

[0046] This is mainly due to the fact that the covering product (3) and the relief product (2) have physical and/or chemical features which do not make them miscible with each other, in other words, they are immiscible, thereby generating a rejection reaction or effect and a consequent physical separation, mainly due to the differences in surface tension between them. In other words, the surface tension of the relief product (2) may be greater than that of the covering product (3) or the surface tension of the covering product (3) may be greater than that of the relief product (2). The method comprises selecting these products (2, 3) such that they are immiscible with each other.

[0047] Accordingly, and as has been verified, the relief product (2) tends to have a surface tension considerably lower than the surface tension of the covering product (3). By way of example, the method may comprise selecting a silicone as the relief product (2) and a varnish as the covering product (3). By way of another example, the method may comprise selecting an ink, preferably transparent, as the relief product (2) and a lacquer as the covering product (3). Also by way of example, the ink could be combined with the varnish and the silicone with the lacquer.

[0048] Additionally, the method may comprise the use of additives such that a control is performed on the surface tension of both products (2, 3) such that two products (2, 3) which are not miscible with each other are produced, giving rise to the previously described rejection effect. Accordingly, said products (2, 3) can be the same product or substance; in other words, having the same or substantially the same composition in the absence of the additives.

[0049] In this manner, and giving only the varnish as an example, although it can be used in the case of any of the other products mentioned, in the method a first varnish is selectable and usable as the relief product (2) and a second varnish as the covering product (3), the surface tension of the first varnish being greater or less than the surface tension of the second varnish, such that the rejection effect is produced between the first and the second varnish.

[0050] Figure 5 shows the substrate (1) at a time when the reactions derived from the interaction of the covering product (3) with the relief product (2) are taking place, having surface tension values clearly different from each other. In this case, figure 5 shows a moment in the generation of the reactions starting from figure 3, in other words, according to the first measurement of the level of application of the covering product (3), although it could also start from figure 4, in other words, according to the second measurement of application level of the covering product (3).

[0051] The method comprises, as a result of said created reactions, producing the face (1') of the substrate (1) with the relief product (2) according to the partial selective arrangement, in addition to the covering product (3) according to the portions of the face (1') free from both the relief product (2) and the rejection effect. Figure 7 is a representation of what was produced as a result of said generation of reactions.

[0052] The method may then comprise the step of removing the relief product (2), as represented by figure 8. This step is optional since, depending on the relief or the three-dimensional structure to be produced on the final substrate (1) produced, it may be convenient to remove it or maintain it.

[0053] When the method comprises or applies the step of removing the relief product (2) after the described generation of reactions, said method comprises two pathways to do so, mainly depending on the features of the relief product (2): a) application of energy in the form of heat and b) applying a blowing, brushing, etc., in other words, a physical or mechanical process. When the relief product (2) is removed, some volumetric spaces corresponding to the gaps it occupied remain free, with which the textured or three-dimensional structure to be produced will have been formed.

[0054] Pathway a) implies that the removal of the relief product (2) is carried out, preferably, by applying a radiation, which for example can be UV, UV-LED, Eb, hot air, infrared, etc. The removal of the relief product (2) is determined according to pathway a) based on the chemical features thereof such that the removal thereof is caused by evaporation. In other words, depending on the relief product (2) chosen in the method, it (2) is dried through pathway a) or pathway b). In a parallel manner, applying pathway a) can cause the gelling or partial drying of the covering product (3).

[0055] Likewise, the method comprises choosing the relief product (2) depending on the substrate (1), with or without the print and with or without the preparation layer, and the features to be produced in the final substrate (1) produced. By way of examples, if the substrate (1) is a parquet, UV-drying varnishes would be used as the relief product (2), if the substrate (1) is cardboard, water-based varnishes would be used for the drying thereof by means of hot air as the relief product (2) and if the substrate (1) is made of PVC, a UV varnish would be used as the relief product (2), the covering product (3) being a UV drying varnish.

[0056] In an alternative or complementary manner to allowing the generation of reactions and the subsequent removal of the relief product (2) as described, the method comprises selecting the relief product (2) and the covering product (3) such that they include properties which favour the drying or curing of one of the products (2, 3) before the other (2, 3).

[0057] Specifically, the relief product (2) is selected including properties to equip it with a delaying effect in the drying thereof, for example by UV. In this manner, the step of removing the relief product (2) takes place, first producing the drying, curing, gelling or solidification only of the covering product (3) and afterwards the removal of the relief product (2) according to one of the two pathways a) or b) described previously. According to this, the covering product (3) is applied such that the relief product (2) is removable, preferably by means of direct access from the outside. Therefore, the covering product (3) is preferably applied according to the second level measurement.

[0058] In this manner, the volumetric spaces occupied by the droplets of the relief product (2) are defined, which remain free or empty such that the slits or recesses are determined. Figure 6 represents the result produced according to what is described.

[0059] As can be derived from the comparison of the results which can be seen between figures 6 and 8, the properties which make the products (2, 3) immiscible with each other and the properties with a delaying effect in the drying such that one of the products (2) is dried or cured before the other (3) as described, give rise to producing different shapes in the relief or the three-dimensional structure on the face (1') of the substrate (1) to be finally produced.

[0060] After producing the result which can be seen in any one of figures 6 to 8, depending on the removal, or not, in one manner or another of the relief product (2), or even after the combination of the generation of reactions and of the delaying effect in the drying of the relief product (2), the method comprises applying a protective product (4). The protective product (4) is preferably a UV-curing varnish, although alternatively it can be a water-based varnish or a solvent-based varnish.

[0061] Thus, the application of the protective product (4) takes place after the fixing, drying or curing of the covering product (3), the slits or the recesses which determine the relief or the three-dimensional structure being defined.

[0062] The application of the aforementioned protective product (4) gives as a final result a protective layer to the result of the process, the relief which has been formed by implementing the present method being perfectly reproduced. This is represented in figure 9, in this case according to the previous result shown through figure 8.

[0063] In order to apply said protective product (4), means for applying it are preferably used, such as preferably a rubber roller formulated so that it adapts to the relief, normally with a Shore hardness of less than or equal to 20-25. Additionally or alternatively, a spray gun can be used.

[0064] Next, the method comprises fixing or curing the protective product (4), and more specifically the protective layer of the protective product (4). The protective product (4), in addition to the relief product (2) and the covering product (3), is completely or at least partially dryable or curable such that it reaches a solid state or at least a semi-solid or gelling state. This curing, which is usable for any of said three products (2, 3, 4), is able to be performed by applying energy through a technology that can be selected from ultraviolet radiation, UV-LED radiation, infrared radiation, hot air and others which use similar radiation.

[0065] Additionally, the method may comprise using accelerators for the drying, for example, photoinitiators for the UV drying, such that the times of this fixing step of the relief product (2), the covering product (3) and/or the protective product (4) are shortened.

[0066] In this manner, depending on the substance or composition of the relief product (2), it is removable or hardenable in order to be maintained when energy is applied to it, such as ultraviolet radiation, UV-LED radiation, Eb radiation, infrared radiation and hot air.

[0067] When the relief product (2) is a varnish, depending on the composition thereof, it can be dried by means of radiation (UV, UV-LED, Infrared) or by means of physical drying (hot air). When the relief product (2) is a silicone, it may require a "mechanical" removal, such as through a blowing or a brushing instead of applying the aforementioned radiations or the hot air.

[0068] As described, the device used to produce the substrate (1) through the method additionally comprises first fixing means for fixing or drying the relief product (2) and/or second fixing means for fixing or drying the covering product (3), in addition to third fixing means for fixing or drying the protective product (4).

[0069] Additionally, said device additionally comprises a control unit configured to apply the present method as described.


Claims

1. A method for producing a three-dimensional structure on a face (1') of a flat substrate (1), comprising the following steps:

- providing the substrate (1) with the face (1') ready to be treated;

- applying a relief product (2) in the form of droplets on the face (1'), such that selected positions of droplets are produced on the face (1');

- applying a covering product (3) to the face (1') such that it forms a layer over the face (1');

- fixing by drying or curing the layer of the covering product (3) to obtain the selected positions on the face (1') free from the covering product (3);

the relief product (2) comprising properties which provide a delaying effect in the drying or curing such that the drying or curing time of the relief product (2) is greater than that of the covering product (3).
 
2. The method according to claim 1, characterised in that the relief product (2) and the covering product (3) comprise properties such that they are immiscible with each other in order to generate a removal of the covering product (3) in correspondence with the droplets of the relief product (2).
 
3. The method according to any one of claims 1 or 2, characterised in that after the fixing of the layer of the covering product (3), the relief product (2) is maintained on the face (1').
 
4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterised in that after the fixing of the layer of the covering product (3), the relief product (2) is removed.
 
5. The method according to claim 4, characterised in that the relief product (2) is removed through a brushing or an application of compressed air.
 
6. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterised in that during the fixing of the layer of the covering product (3), the relief product (2) is removed.
 
7. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that, once the layer of the covering product (3) is fixed, a protective product (4) is applied on the face (1').
 
8. The method according to claim 7, characterised in that a fixing of the protective product (4) is carried out.
 
9. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterised in that the relief product (2) is selected from ink, silicone, varnish, lacquer, water-based liquid, solvent-based liquid and any combination of the above.
 
10. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterised in that the relief product (2) is applied by means of injection heads.
 
11. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterised in that the covering product (3) is lacquer or varnish.
 
12. A substrate (1) that can be produced by the method according to any one of claims 1 to 11, characterised in that it comprises selected positions free from a covering product (3) on a face (1') of the substrate (1).
 
13. A device for producing a substrate (1) according to claim 12, characterised in that it comprises injection heads for applying a relief product (2) in the form of droplets on a face (1') of the substrate (1), first fixing means for drying or curing the relief product (2), means for applying a covering product (3) on the face (1'), second fixing means for drying or curing the covering product (3), means for applying a protective product (4), third fixing means for drying the protective product (4) and a control unit configured to apply the method according to any one of claims 1 to 13.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description