(19)
(11)EP 4 242 179 A2

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.09.2023 Bulletin 2023/37

(21)Application number: 23188196.2

(22)Date of filing:  15.01.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C03C 4/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
C03C 3/091; C03C 3/093; C03C 4/00
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.01.2018 US 201862617386 P

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
19703835.9 / 3740459

(71)Applicant: Corning Incorporated
Corning, New York 14831 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • BOWDEN, Bradley Frederick
    New York, 14830 (US)
  • FILKINS, Heath Aaron
    New York, 14830 (US)
  • GUO, Xiaoju
    New York, 14870 (US)

(74)Representative: Elkington and Fife LLP 
Prospect House 8 Pembroke Road
Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1XR
Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1XR (GB)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 27.07.2023 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)DIMENSIONALLY STABLE FAST ETCHING GLASSES


(57) Substantially alkali free glasses are disclosed with can be used to produce substrates for flat panel display devices, e.g., active-matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCDs). The glasses have high annealing temperatures and etch rates. Methods for producing substantially alkali free glasses using a downdraw process (e.g., a fusion process) are also disclosed. Consumer electronic products comprising glass sheets are also disclosed.




Description


[0001] This application claims the benefit of priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119 of U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 62/617386 filed on January 15, 2018, the content of which is relied upon and incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to display glass. More particularly, embodiments of the present disclosure relate to display glass for active matrix liquid crystal displays.

BACKGROUND



[0003] The production of liquid crystal displays, for example, active matrix liquid crystal display devices (AMLCDs) is complex, and the properties of the substrate glass are important. First and foremost, the glass substrates used in the production of AMLCD devices need to have their physical dimensions tightly controlled. The downdraw sheet drawing processes and, in particular, the fusion process described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,338,696 and 3,682,609, both to Dockerty, are capable of producing glass sheets that can be used as substrates without requiring costly post-forming finishing operations such as lapping and polishing. Unfortunately, the fusion process places rather severe restrictions on the glass properties, which require relatively high liquidus viscosities.

[0004] In the liquid crystal display field, thin film transistors (TFTs) based on poly-crystalline silicon are preferred because of their ability to transport electrons more effectively. Poly-crystalline based silicon transistors (p-Si) are characterized as having a higher mobility than those based on amorphous-silicon based transistors (a-Si). This allows the manufacture of smaller and faster transistors, which ultimately produces brighter and faster displays.

[0005] One problem with p-Si based transistors is that their manufacture requires higher process temperatures than those employed in the manufacture of a-Si transistors. These temperatures range from 450°C to 600°C compared to the 350°C peak temperatures employed in the manufacture of a-Si transistors. At these temperatures, most AMLCD glass substrates undergo a process known as compaction. Compaction, also referred to as thermal stability or dimensional change, is an irreversible dimensional change (shrinkage) in the glass substrate due to changes in the glass fictive temperature. "Fictive temperature" is a concept used to indicate the structural state of a glass. Glass that is cooled quickly from a high temperature is said to have a higher fictive temperature because of the "frozen in" higher temperature structure. Glass that is cooled more slowly, or that is annealed by holding for a time near its annealing point, is said to have a lower fictive temperature.

[0006] There are two approaches to minimize compaction in glass. The first is to thermally pretreat the glass to create a fictive temperature similar to the one the glass will experience during the p-Si TFT manufacture. There are several difficulties with this approach. First, the multiple heating steps employed during the p-Si TFT manufacture create slightly different fictive temperatures in the glass that cannot be fully compensated for by this pretreatment. Second, the thermal stability of the glass becomes closely linked to the details of the p-Si TFT manufacture, which could mean different pretreatments for different end-users. Finally, pretreatment adds to processing costs and complexity.

[0007] Another approach is to slow the rate of strain at the process temperature by increasing the viscosity of the glass. This can be accomplished by raising the viscosity of the glass. The annealing point represents the temperature corresponding to a fixed viscosity for a glass, and thus an increase in annealing point equates to an increase in viscosity at fixed temperature. The challenge with this approach, however, is the production of high annealing point glass that is cost effective. The main factors impacting cost are defects and asset lifetime. In a modern melter coupled to a fusion draw machine, four types of defects are commonly encountered: (1) gaseous inclusions (bubbles or blisters); (2) solid inclusions from refractories or from failure to properly melt the batch; (3) metallic defects consisting largely of platinum; and (4) devitrification products resulting from low liquidus viscosity or excessive devitrification at either end of the isopipe. Glass composition has a disproportionate impact on the rate of melting, and hence on the tendency of a glass to form gaseous or solid defects, and the oxidation state of the glass impacts the tendency to incorporate platinum defects. Devitrification of the glass on the forming mandrel or isopipe, can best be managed by selecting compositions with high liquidus viscosities.

[0008] Asset lifetime is determined mostly by the rate of wear or deformation of the various refractory and precious metal components of the melting and forming systems. Recent advances in refractory materials, platinum system design, and isopipe refractories have offered the potential to greatly extend the useful operational lifetime of a melter coupled to a fusion draw machine. As a result, the lifetime-limiting component of a modern fusion draw melting and forming platform is the electrodes used to heat the glass. Tin oxide electrodes corrode slowly over time, and the rate of corrosion is a strong function both of temperature and glass composition. To maximize asset lifetime, it is desirable to identify compositions that reduce the rate of electrode corrosion while maintaining the defect-limiting attributes described above.

[0009] As long as the compaction of a glass is below a threshold level, a significant attribute determining the suitability of a glass as a substrate is the variability, or lack thereof, in total pitch of the substrate during the manufacture of the TFT which can cause misalignment of the components of the TFT and result in bad pixels in the final display. This variability is most significantly due to variations in the compaction of the glass, variations in the elastic distortions of the glass under stress applied by the films deposited during the TFT manufacture, and variations in the relaxation of those same stresses during the TFT manufacturing. A glass possessing high dimensional stability will have reduced variability of compaction as well as reduced stress relaxation, and a glass with a high Young's modulus will help reduce the distortions due to film stress. Consequently, a glass possessing both a high modulus and high dimensional stability will minimize total pitch variability during the TFT process, making it an advantageous substrate for these applications.

[0010] While total pitch variability is a key attribute for the suitability of a glass composition for use as a TFT backplane, other attributes are also quite significant. After completion of the manufacturing of the TFTs, panel makers thin the display via an acid etch to reduce the thickness and weight of the final display. Consequently, a glass that etches quickly in commercially available acid compositions would allow for more economical thinning of the glass. Similarly, a glass with low density would also help contribute to the desired reduction of weight of the final display.

[0011] The magnitude of compaction depends both on the process by which a glass is made and the viscoelastic properties of the glass. In the float process for producing sheet products from glass, the glass sheet is cooled relatively slowly from the melt and, thus, "freezes in" a comparatively low temperature structure into the glass. The fusion process, by contrast, results in very rapid quenching of the glass sheet from the melt, and freezes in a comparatively high temperature structure. As a result, a glass produced by the float process may undergo less compaction when compared to glass produced by the fusion process, since the driving force for compaction is the difference between the fictive temperature and the process temperature experienced by the glass during compaction. Thus, it would be desirable to minimize the level of compaction in a glass-based substrate that is produced by a downdraw process.

[0012] In addition, there is a need in the art for glass compositions with a high Modulus and high dimensional stability while allowing reliable reduction in thickness and other advantageous properties and characteristics.

SUMMARY



[0013] Various embodiments are directed to glass having a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight. In one or more embodiments, glass sheets comprising such glasses and consumer electronic products comprising such glass sheets are described herein. Such glass can be according to the embodiments described below.

[0014] One or more embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6. The glass has an etch index greater than or equal to about 23, an annealing point greater than or equal to about 800 °C and a Modulus greater than 82 GPa.

[0015] One or more embodiments are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0016] One or more embodiments are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.0-70.5, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, wherein the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-10.0, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0017] One or more embodiments are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-2.8, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, wherein the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-10.0, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0018] One or more embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 3.0-5.4, where the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-10.0, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0019] One or more embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.5, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, having (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 1.1-1.6 and an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0020] One or more embodiments are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, where the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0021] One or more embodiments are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 3.5-4.0, where the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO >0-2.0.

[0022] One or more embodiments are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 >0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO >0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the sum of CaO and BaO >8.6, where the glass substantially free of alkalis and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO >0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.

[0023] Additional embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to glass having an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.65 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1750 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa; and an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3 as defined by the equation: -54.6147 + (2.50004)(Al2O3) + (1.3134)(B2O3) + (1.84106)(MgO) + (3.01223)*(CaO) + (3.7248)*(SrO) + (4.13149)*(BaO), wherein the glass is substantially free of alkalis. In some embodiments, the glass has one or more of an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1700 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310 °C; and/or an etch index is greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3. In various embodiments, the glass comprises one or more of: SiO2, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 68.1-72.3; Al2O3, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 11.0-14.0; B2O3, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range >0-3.0; MgO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 1.0-7.2; MgO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 3.1-5.8; CaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 4.1-10.0; CaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 4.5-7.4; SrO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range >0-4.2; SrO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range >0-2.0; BaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 1.2-4.4; and/or BaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 2.6-4.4. In some embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, B2O3 0.1-3.0 and CaO 5.0-6.5. In one or more embodiments, the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 0.1-3.0 and CaO 5.25-6.0.

[0024] Some embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass that is substantially free of alkalis. The glass comprises, in mol% on an oxide basis, SiO2 69.76-71.62, Al2O3 11.03-13.57, B2O3 0-2.99, MgO 3.15-5.84, CaO 4.55-7.35, SrO 0.2-1.99, BaO 2.61-4.41 and ZnO 0-1.0, wherein the ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6 and the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37.

[0025] One or more embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol% on an oxide basis: SiO2 68.14-72.29, Al2O3 11.03-14.18, B2O3 0-2.99, MgO 1.09-7.2, CaO 4.12-9.97, SrO 0.2-4.15, BaO 1.26-4.41 and ZnO 0-1.0, wherein the ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6 and the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37.

[0026] Some embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass that is substantially free of alkalis. The glass has a ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, T(ann) > 785°C, density < 2.65 g/cc, T(200P) < 1750°C, T(35kP) <1340°C, Young's modulus > 82 GPa, and etch index > 21 µm/mm3.

[0027] Additional embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass that is substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37 and the etch index > 21 µm/mm3.

[0028] In one or more embodiments, glass that is substantially free of alkalis has a (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37 and a liquidus viscosity > 150kP.

[0029] Some embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass that is substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and about 1.6, an etch index greater than or equal to 21 µm/mm3, T(ann)>800°C and Young's modulus > 82 GPa.

[0030] Further embodiments of the disclosure are directed to aluminosilicate glass articles that are substantially free of alkalis. The glass articles have: an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 795 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.63 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1730 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1320 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.5 GPa; and an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3.

[0031] Additional embodiments of the disclosure are directed to aluminosilicate glass articles that are substantially free of alkalis. The articles have: an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1710 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.2 GPa; and an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3.

[0032] Additional embodiments of the disclosure are directed to an object comprising the glass produced by a downdraw sheet fabrication process. Further embodiments are directed to glass produced by the fusion process or variants thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0033] The accompanying figures, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate several embodiments described below.

FIG. 1 shows a schematic representation of a forming mandrel used to make precision sheet in the fusion draw process;

FIG. 2 shows a cross-sectional view of the forming mandrel of FIG. 1 taken along position 6;

FIG. 3 shows spectra for 1200° and 1140°C blackbodies and the transmission spectrum of 0.7 mm thick Eagle XG® amorphous thin-film transistor substrate; and

FIG. 4A is a plan view of an exemplary electronic device incorporating any of the coated-glass based articles disclosed herein;

FIG. 4B is a perspective view of the exemplary electronic device of FIG. 4A;

FIG. 5 is a graph showing normalized stress relaxation ratio at 30 mins at 450° C, 550° C and 650° C with 260 ppm Na2O concentration as a baseline;

FIG. 6 is a graph showing normalized stress relaxation ratio taking 260 ppm Na2O as a reference as a function of time at 550° C; and

FIG. 7 is a graph showing compaction at 500° C for a 30 minute cycle vs Na2O content.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0034] Described herein are alkali-free glasses and methods for making the same that possess high annealing points and high Young's moduli, allowing the glasses to possess excellent dimensional stability (i.e., low compaction) during the manufacture of TFTs, reducing variability during the TFT process. Glass with high annealing points can help prevent panel distortion due to compaction/shrinkage during thermal processing subsequent to manufacturing of the glass. Additionally, some embodiments of the present disclosure have high etch rates, allowing for the economical thinning of the backplane, as well as unusually high liquidus viscosities, thus reducing or eliminating the likelihood of devitrification on the relatively cold forming mandrel. As a result of specific details of their composition, exemplary glasses melt to good quality with very low levels of gaseous inclusions, and with minimal erosion to precious metals, refractories, and tin oxide electrode materials.

[0035] In one embodiment, the substantially alkali-free glasses can have high annealing points. In some embodiments, the annealing point is greater than about 785 °C, 790 °C, 795 °C or 800 °C. Without being bound by any particular theory of operation, it is believed that such high annealing points result in low rates of relaxation-and hence comparatively small amounts of compaction-for exemplary glasses to be used as backplane substrate in a low-temperature polysilicon process.

[0036] It was previously believed that no benefit would be realized by lowering Na2O content in alkali-free glasses containing below 260 ppm by weight (0.026 wt. %). According to one or more embodiments, it was determined that reducing Na2O content in alkali-free glasses to less than 260 ppm surprisingly and favorably impacts compaction in particular, compaction in the low temperature cycle.

[0037] In specific embodiments, glasses comprising a Na2O content in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight. In one or more embodiments, glass sheets comprising such glasses and consumer electronic products comprising such glass sheets are described herein.

[0038] The glasses of the instant disclosure can be used to produce glasses, glass articles such as glass sheets and glass substrates with exceptional total pitch variability (TPV), as measured by three metrics: (1) compaction in the High Temperature Test Cycle (HTTC) less than 40 ppm, (2) compaction in the Low Temperature Test Cycle (LTTC) less than 5.5 ppm, less than 1 ppm and less than 0.5 ppm, and (3) stress relaxation rate consistent with less than 50% relaxed in the Stress Relaxation Test Cycle (SRTC). By satisfying all three criteria, a glass substrate or glass article is assured of being acceptable for the highest resolution TFT manufacturing cycles. In specific embodiments, lowering the sodium content below 260 ppm impacts the LTTC.

A brief description of these test cycles follows:


High Temperature Test Cycle (HTTC)



[0039] The samples are heat treated in a box furnace according to the thermal profile shown in FIG. 1 of United States Patent Application Publication 2017/0144918. First, the furnace is preheated to slightly above 590 °C. The stack of five samples (four experimental, one control) is then plunged into the furnace through a small slit in the front of the furnace. After thirty minutes from when the samples were plunged into the furnace, the samples are quenched out of the furnace into ambient air. The total time the samples reside at the peak temperature 590 °C is about 18 minutes. For purposes of this disclosure, this test criteria shall be defined as high temperature test cycle or HTTC.

Low Temperature Test Cycle (LTTC)



[0040] The thermal compaction magnitude resulting from typical TFT array or CF substrate thermal cycles is insufficient to make reliable quality assurance measurements. A 450 °C /1 hour thermal cycle is used to achieve a greater compaction signal, enabling the identification of real changes in performance. The furnace is held at just above 450 °C prior to plunging in a stack of five samples (four experimental and one control,). The furnace requires approximately 7 minutes recovery time to the target hold temperature. Samples are held at 450 °C for one hour upon reaching the setpoint and then plunged out to room temperature. An example thermal trace is shown in FIG. 2 of United States Patent Application Publication 2017/0144918. For purposes of this disclosure, this test criteria shall be defined as low temperature test cycle or LTTC.

Stress Relaxation Test Cycle (SRTC)



[0041] Samples of glass plates are cut into beams of 10.00 mm width and a length greater than the width. The thickness of the glass is maintained at its as-formed thickness (between 0.5 mm and 0.7 mm). The stress relaxation experiment is started by loading the glass sample onto two rigid supports placed inside a resistively heated electrical furnace, placing an S-type thermocouple in close proximity to the center of the beam, and adjusting the push rod position. The span length of the two rigid supports is 88.90 mm. The lower end of the push rod is about 5 mm above the surface of the glass at room temperature. The temperature of the furnace is rapidly brought up to the final experimental temperature of 650 °C (within 5 to 10 minutes). and idled there for about 5 to 5.5 minutes in order to achieve thermal equilibrium of all parts placed inside the furnace. The experiment is continued by lowering the push rod at a rate of 2.54 mm/min and monitoring the signal of the load cell (LC). This is done in order to find a contact of the push rod with the glass beam. Once the LC signal reached 0.1 lb., it triggers an acceleration of the loading rate to 10.16 mm/min. The loading is stopped when the central deflection of the beam reaches the final target value (e.g., 2.54 mm), and the program switches from a stress controlled mode to a strain controlled mode. The strain is held constant during the rest of the experiment whereas the stress was variable. The total time from the first contact of the push rod with the glass to the point where the maximum strain of 2.54 mm is achieved was about 12 s. The experiment ends after several hours of strain, stress vs time data has been collected.

[0042] Specific embodiments are now provided. An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6 and has an etch index greater than or equal to about 23, an annealing point greater than or equal to about 800° C, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and a Modulus greater than 82 GPa.

[0043] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.0-70.5, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3. An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, BaO3>0-2.8, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0044] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 3.0-5.4, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0045] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.5, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, having (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 1.1-1.6 and an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0046] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0047] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 3.5-4.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0048] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the sum of CaO and BaO>8.6, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0049] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785° C.;

a density less than or equal to about 2.65 g/cc;

a T200P less than or equal to about 1750° C.;

a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340° C.;

a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa; and

an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3 as defined by the equation: -54.6147+(2.50004)(Al2O3)+(1.3134)(B2O3)+(1.84106)(MgO)+(3.01223)(CaO) +(3.7248)*(SrO)+(4.13149)*(BaO),

wherein the glass is substantially free of alkalis and a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight.



[0050] An embodiment pertains to a glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol % on an oxide basis, SiO2 69.76-71.62, Al2O3 11.03-13.57, B2O3 0-2.99, MgO 3.15-5.84, CaO 4.55-7.35, SrO 0.2-1.99, BaO 2.61-4.41 and ZnO 0-1.0, wherein the ratio of (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37.

[0051] An embodiment pertains to a glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol % on an oxide basis: SiO2 68.14-72.29, Al2O3 11.03-14.18, B2O3 0-2.99, MgO 1.09-7.2, CaO 4.12-9.97, SrO 0.2-4.15, BaO 1.26-4.41 and ZnO 0-1.0, wherein the ratio of (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37.

[0052] An embodiment pertains to a glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, T(ann)>785° C., density <2.65 g/cc, T(200P)<1750° C., T(350)<1340° C., Young's modulus >82 GPa, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0053] An embodiment pertains to a glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and the etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0054] An embodiment pertains to a glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and a liquidus viscosity >150 kP.

[0055] An embodiment pertains to a glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and about 1.6, an etch index greater than or equal to 21 µm/mm3, T(ann)>800° C , a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and Young's modulus >82 GPa.

[0056] An embodiment pertains to an aluminosilicate glass article that is substantially free of alkalis, wherein the glass article has:

an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 795° C.;

a density less than or equal to about 2.63 g/cc;

a T200P less than or equal to about 1730° C.;

a T35kP less than or equal to about 1320° C.;

a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.5 GPa;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3.



[0057] An embodiment pertains to an aluminosilicate glass article that is substantially free of alkalis, wherein the glass article has:

an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800° C.;

a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc;

a T200P less than or equal to about 1710° C.;

a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310° C.;

a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.2 GPa;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3.



[0058] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

a T35kP greater than or equal to about 1270° C.;

a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %, , a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight,

and an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.



[0059] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

a T200P greater than or equal to about 1650° C.;

a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.



[0060] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

a liquidus temperature greater than or equal to about 1150° C.;

a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.



[0061] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

a T35kP greater than or equal to about 1270° C.;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %.



[0062] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

a T200P greater than or equal to about 1650° C.;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight. in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %.



[0063] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising:

an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785° C.;

a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81 GPa;

a T200P less than or equal to about 1750° C.;

a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340° C.;

a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight; and

an average surface roughness as measured by atomic force microscopy of less than 0.5 nm.



[0064] An embodiment pertains to a glass wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, T(ann)>785° C., density<2.7 g/cc, T(200P)<1750° C., T(35kP)>1270° C., Young's modulus>81 GPa, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight.

[0065] An embodiment pertains to a glass sheet comprising SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, wherein RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) is in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, , a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and BaO/RO is in a range of 0.22 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO).

[0066] An embodiment pertains to a glass wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, T(ann)>785° C., density<2.7 g/cc, T(200P)<1750° C., T(35kP)>1270° C., Young's modulus>81 GPa, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight.

[0067] An embodiment pertains to a glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, having a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 255 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 250 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 245 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 240 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 235 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 230 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 225 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 220 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 215 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 210 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 205 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 200 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 195 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 190 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 185 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 180 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 175 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 170 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 165 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 160 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 155 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 150 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 145 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 140 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 135 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 130 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 125 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 120 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 115 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 110 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 105 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 100 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 95 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 90 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 85 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 80 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 75 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 70 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 65 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 60 ppm by weight, in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 55 ppm by weight, or in a range of from about 1 ppm by weight and about 50 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.

[0068] In another embodiment, the temperature of exemplary glasses at a viscosity of about 35,000 poise (T35k) is less than or equal to about 1340 °C, 1335 °C, 1330 °C, 1325 °C, 1320 °C, 1315 °C, 1310 °C, 1300 °C or 1290 °C. In specific embodiments, the glass has a viscosity of about 35,000 poise (T35k) less than about 1310 °C. In other embodiments, the temperature of exemplary glasses at a viscosity of about 35,000 poise (T35k) is less than about 1340 °C, 1335 °C, 1330 °C, 1325 °C, 1320 °C, 1315 °C, 1310 °C, 1300 °C or 1290 °C. In various embodiments, the glass article has a T35k in the range of about 1275°C to about 1340°C, or in the range of about 1280°C to about 1315°C.

[0069] The liquidus temperature of a glass (Tliq) is the temperature above which no crystalline phases can coexist in equilibrium with the glass. In various embodiments, a glass articles has a Tliq in the range of about 1180°C to about 1290°C, or in the range of about 1190°C to about 1280°C. In another embodiment, the viscosity corresponding to the liquidus temperature of the glass is greater than or equal to about 150,000 poise. In some embodiments, the viscosity corresponding to the liquidus temperature of the glass is greater than or equal to about 175,000 poise, 200,000 poise, 225,000 poise or 250,000 poise.

[0070] In another embodiment, an exemplary glass can provide T35k - Tliq > 0.25T35k-225°C. This ensures minimum tendency to devitrify on the forming mandrel of the fusion process.

[0071] In one or more embodiments, the substantially alkali-free glass comprises in mole percent on an oxide basis:

SiO2 60-80

Al2O3 5-20

B2O3 0-10

MgO 0-20

CaO 0-20

SrO 0-20

BaO 0-20

ZnO 0-20

where Al2O3, MgO, CaO, SrO, BaO represent the mole percents of the respective oxide components.

[0072] In some embodiments, the substantially alkali-free glass comprises in mole percent on an oxide basis:

SiO2 65-75

Al2O3 10-15

B2O3 0-3.5

MgO 0-7.5

CaO 4-10

SrO 0-5

BaO 1-5

ZnO 0-5

wherein
1.0 ≤ (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3< 2 and 0 < MgO/(MgO+Ca+SrO+BaO) < 0.5.

[0073] In certain embodiments, the substantially alkali-free glass comprises in mole percent on an oxide basis:

SiO2 67-72

Al2O3 11-14

B2O3 0-3

MgO 3-6

CaO 4-8

SrO 0-2

BaO 2-5

ZnO 0-1

wherein
1.0 ≤ (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3< 1.6 and 0.20 < MgO/(MgO+Ca+SrO+BaO) < 0.40.

[0074] In one embodiment, the glass includes a chemical fining agent. Such fining agents include, but are not limited to, SnO2, As2O3, SB2O3, F, Cl and Br, and in which the concentrations of the chemical fining agents are kept at a level of 0.5 mol% or less. In some embodiments, the chemical fining agent comprises one or more of SnO2, As2O3, SB2O3, F, Cl or Br in a concentration less than or equal to about 0.5 mol%, 0.45 mol%, 0.4 mol%, 0.35 mol%, 0.3 mol% or 0.25 mol%. Chemical fining agents may also include CeO2, Fe2O3, and other oxides of transition metals, such as MnO2. These oxides may introduce color to the glass via visible absorptions in their final valence state(s) in the glass, and thus their concentration may be at a level of 0.2 mol% or less. In one or more embodiments, the glass composition comprises one or more oxides of transition metals in a concentration less than or equal to about 0.2 mol%, 0.15 mol%, 0.1 mol% or 0.05 mol%. In some embodiments, the glass composition comprises in the range of about 0.01 mol% to about 0.4 mol% of any one or combination of SnO2, As2O3, SB2O3, F, Cl and/or Br. In specific embodiments, the glass composition comprises in the range of about 0.005 mol% to about 0.2 mol% of any one or combination of Fe2O3, CeO2 and/or MnO2. In some embodiments, As2O3 and SB2O3 comprises less than or equal to about 0.005 mol% of the glass composition.

[0075] In one embodiment, exemplary glasses are manufactured into sheet via the fusion process. The fusion draw process may result in a pristine, fire-polished glass surface that reduces surface-mediated distortion to high resolution TFT backplanes and color filters. Figure 1 is a schematic drawing of a forming mandrel, or isopipe, in a non-limiting fusion draw process. Figure 2 is a schematic cross-section of the isopipe near position 6 in Figure 1. Glass is introduced from the inlet 1, flows along the bottom of the trough 4 formed by the weir walls 9 to the compression end 2. Glass overflows the weir walls 9 on either side of the isopipe (see Figure 2), and the two streams of glass join or fuse at the root 10. Edge directors 3 at either end of the isopipe serve to cool the glass and create a thicker strip at the edge called a bead. The bead is pulled down by pulling rolls, hence enabling sheet formation at high viscosity. By adjusting the rate at which sheet is pulled off the isopipe, it is possible to use the fusion draw process to produce a very wide range of thicknesses at a fixed melting rate.

[0076] The downdraw sheet drawing processes and, in particular, the fusion process described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,338,696 and 3,682,609 (both to Dockerty), which are incorporated by reference, can be used herein. Without being bound by any particular theory of operation, it is believed that the fusion process can produce glass substrates that do not require polishing. Current glass substrate polishing is capable of producing glass substrates having an average surface roughness greater than about 0.5 nm (Ra), as measured by atomic force microscopy. The glass substrates produced by the fusion process have an average surface roughness as measured by atomic force microscopy of less than 0.5 nm. The substrates also have an average internal stress as measured by optical retardation which is less than or equal to 150 psi. Of course, the claims appended herewith should not be so limited to fusion processes as embodiments described herein are equally applicable to other forming processes such as, but not limited to, float forming processes.

[0077] In one embodiment, exemplary glasses are manufactured into sheet form using the fusion process. While exemplary glasses are compatible with the fusion process, they may also be manufactured into sheets or other ware through different manufacturing processes. Such processes include slot draw, float, rolling, and other sheet-forming processes known to those skilled in the art.

[0078] Relative to these alternative methods for creating sheets of glass, the fusion process as discussed above is capable of creating very thin, very flat, very uniform sheets with a pristine surface. Slot draw also can result in a pristine surface, but due to change in orifice shape over time, accumulation of volatile debris at the orifice-glass interface, and the challenge of creating an orifice to deliver truly flat glass, the dimensional uniformity and surface quality of slot-drawn glass are generally inferior to fusion-drawn glass. The float process is capable of delivering very large, uniform sheets, but the surface is substantially compromised by contact with the float bath on one side, and by exposure to condensation products from the float bath on the other side. This means that float glass must be polished for use in high performance display applications.

[0079] The fusion process may involve rapid cooling of the glass from high temperature, resulting in a high fictive temperature Tf: The fictive temperature can be thought of as representing the discrepancy between the structural state of the glass and the state it would assume if fully relaxed at the temperature of interest. Reheating a glass with a glass transition temperature Tg to a process temperature Tp such that Tp < TgTf may be affected by the viscosity of the glass. Since Tp < Tf, the structural state of the glass is out of equilibrium at Tp, and the glass will spontaneously relax toward a structural state that is in equilibrium at Tp. The rate of this relaxation scales inversely with the effective viscosity of the glass at Tp, such that high viscosity results in a slow rate of relaxation, and a low viscosity results in a fast rate of relaxation. The effective viscosity varies inversely with the fictive temperature of the glass, such that a low fictive temperature results in a high viscosity, and a high fictive temperature results in a comparatively low viscosity. Therefore, the rate of relaxation at Tp scales directly with the fictive temperature of the glass. A process that introduces a high fictive temperature results in a comparatively high rate of relaxation when the glass is reheated at Tp.

[0080] One means to reduce the rate of relaxation at Tp is to increase the viscosity of the glass at that temperature. The annealing point of a glass represents the temperature at which the glass has a viscosity of 1013.2 poise. As temperature decreases below the annealing point, the viscosity of the supercooled melt increases. At a fixed temperature below Tg, a glass with a higher annealing point has a higher viscosity than a glass with a lower annealing point. Therefore, increasing the annealing point may increase the viscosity of a substrate glass at Tp. Generally, the composition changes necessary to increase the annealing point also increase viscosity at all other temperatures. In a non-limiting embodiment, the fictive temperature of a glass made by the fusion process corresponds to a viscosity of about 1011-1012 poise, so an increase in annealing point for a fusion-compatible glass generally increases its fictive temperature as well. For a given glass regardless of the forming process, higher fictive temperature results in lower viscosity at temperature below Tg, and thus increasing fictive temperature works against the viscosity increase that would otherwise be obtained by increasing the annealing point. To have a substantial change in the rate of relaxation at Tp, it is generally necessary to make relatively large changes in the annealing point. An aspect of exemplary glasses is that it has an annealing point greater than or equal to about 785°C, or 790°C, or 795°C or 800°C, or 805°C, or 810°C, or 815°C, or in the range of about 796.1°C to about 818.3°C. Without being bound by any particular theory of operation, it is believed that such high annealing points results in acceptably low rates of thermal relaxation during low-temperature TFT processing, e.g., typical low-temperature polysilicon rapid thermal anneal cycles.

[0081] In addition to its impact on fictive temperature, increasing annealing point also increases temperatures throughout the melting and forming system, particularly the temperatures on the isopipe. For example, Eagle XG® glass and Lotus glass (Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY) have annealing points that differ by about 50°C, and the temperature at which they are delivered to the isopipe also differ by about 50°C. When held for extended periods of time above about 1310°C, zircon refractory forming the isopipe shows thermal creep, which can be accelerated by the weight of the isopipe itself plus the weight of the glass on the isopipe. A second aspect of exemplary glasses is that their delivery temperatures are less than or equal to about 1350°C, or 1345°C, or 1340°C, or 1335°C, or 1330°C, or 1325°C, or 1320°C, or 1315°C or 1310°C. Such delivery temperatures may permit extended manufacturing campaigns without a need to replace the isopipe or extend the time between isopipe replacements.

[0082] In manufacturing trials of glasses with high annealing points and delivery temperatures below 1350°C and below 1310°C, it has been found that the glass showed a greater tendency toward devitrification on the root of the isopipe and-especially-the edge directors relative to glasses with lower annealing points. Careful measurement of the temperature profile on the isoipe showed that the edge director temperatures were much lower relative to the center root temperature than had been anticipated and is believed to be due to radiative heat loss. The edge directors typically are maintained at a temperature below the center root temperature to ensure that the glass is viscous enough as it leaves the root to put the sheet in between the edge directors under tension, thus maintaining a flat shape. As edge directors are located at either end of the isopipe, the edge directors are difficult to heat, and thus the temperature difference between the center of the root and the edge directors may differ by 50° or more.

[0083] While not wishing to be held to theory, it is believed that the increased tendency toward devitirication in the fusion process can be understood in terms of the radiative heat loss of glass as a function of temperature. Fusion is substantially an isothermal process, so glass exits the inlet at a particular viscosity and exits the root at a much higher viscosity, but the actual values for the viscosity are not strongly dependent on the identity of the glass or the temperature of the process. Thus, a glass with a higher annealing point generally requires much higher isopipe temperatures than a glass with a lower annealing point just to match the delivery and exit viscosities. As an example, Figure 3 shows blackbody spectra corresponding to 1140°C and 1200°C, approximately the temperature at the root of the isopipe (10 in Figure 2) for Eagle XG® glass and Lotus glass, respectively. The vertical line at about 2.5 □m corresponds approximately with the start of the infrared cut-off, the region in the near infrared through which optical absorption in a borosilicate glass rises very steeply to a high, nearly constant value. At wavelengths shorter than the cut-off wavelength, a glass is sensibly transparent to a wavelength between 300 and 400nm, the UV cut-off. Between about 300nm and about 2.5□m, the 1200°C blackbody has a greater absolute energy, and a larger fraction of its total energy than the 1140°C blackbody. Since the glass is sensibly transparent through this wavelength range, the radiative heat loss from a glass at 1200°C is much greater than that of a glass at 1140°C.

[0084] Again, without being bound by any particular theory of operation, it is believed that since radiative heat loss increases with temperature, and since high annealing point glasses generally are formed at higher temperatures than lower annealing point glasses, the temperature difference between the center root and the edge director generally increases with the annealing point of the glass. This may have a direct relationship to the tendency of a glass to form devitrification products on the isopipe or edge directors.

[0085] The liquidus temperature of a glass is defined as the highest temperature at which a crystalline phase would appear if a glass were held indefinitely at that temperature. The liquidus viscosity is the viscosity of a glass at the liquidus temperature. To completely avoid devitrification on an isopipe, it may be helpful for the liquidus viscosity to be high enough to ensure that glass is no longer on the isopipe refractory or edge director material at or near the liquidus temperature.

[0086] In practice, few alkali-free glasses have liquidus viscosities of the desired magnitude. Experience with substrate glasses suitable for amorphous silicon applications (e.g., Eagle XG® glass) indicated that edge directors could be held continuously at temperatures up to 60° below the liquidus temperature of certain alkali-free glasses. While it was understood that glasses with higher annealing points would require higher forming temperatures, it was not anticipated that the edge directors would be so much cooler relative to the center root temperature. A useful metric for keeping track of this effect is the difference between the delivery temperature onto the isopipe and the liquidus temperature of the glass, Tliq. In the fusion process, it is generally desirable to deliver glass at about 35,000 poise (T35k). For a particular delivery temperature, it may be useful to make T35k - Tliq as large possible, but for an amorphous silicon substrate such as Eagle XG® glass, it is found that extended manufacturing campaigns can be conducted if T35k - Tuq is about 80° or more. As temperature increases, T35k - Tliq must increase as well, such that for T35k near 1300°C, it may be helpful to have T35k - Tliq equal to or greater than about 100°C. The minimum useful value for T35k - Tliq varies approximately linearly with temperature from about 1200°C to about 1320°C, and can be expressed according to equation (1).

where all temperatures are in °C. Thus, one or more embodiments of exemplary glasses has a T35k - Tliq > 0.25T35k- 225°C.

[0087] In addition, the forming process may require glass with a high liquidus viscosity. This is necessary so as to avoid devitrification products at interfaces with glass and to minimize visible devitrification products in the final glass. Thus, for a given glass compatible with fusion for a particular sheet size and thickness, adjusting the process so as to manufacture wider sheet or thicker sheet generally results in lower temperatures at either end of the isopipe. Some embodiments have higher liquidus viscosities to provide greater flexibility for manufacturing via the fusion process. In some embodiments, the liquidus viscosity is greater than or equal to about 150kP.

[0088] In tests of the relationship between liquidus viscosity and subsequent devitrification tendencies in the fusion process, the inventors have surprisingly found that high delivery temperatures, such as those of exemplary glasses, generally require higher liquidus viscosities for long-term production than would be the case for typical AMLCD substrate compositions with lower annealing points. While not wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that this arises from accelerated rates of crystal growth as temperature increases. Fusion is essentially an isoviscous process, so a more viscous glass at some fixed temperature may be formed by fusion at higher temperature than a less viscous glass. While some degree of undercooling (cooling below the liquidus temperature) can be sustained for extended periods in a glass at lower temperature, crystal growth rates increase with temperature, and thus more viscous glasses grow an equivalent, unacceptable amount of devitrification products in a shorter period of time than less viscous glasses. Depending on where formed, devitrification products can compromise forming stability and introduce visible defects into the final glass.

[0089] To be formed by the fusion process, one or more embodiments of the glass compositions have a liquidus viscosity greater than or equal to about 150,000 poises, or 175,000 poises, or 200,000 poises. A surprising result is that throughout the range of exemplary glasses, it is possible to obtain a liquidus temperature low enough, and a viscosity high enough, such that the liquidus viscosity of the glass is unusually high compared to other compositions.

[0090] In the glass compositions described herein, SiO2 serves as the basic glass former. In certain embodiments, the concentration of SiO2 can be greater than 60 mole percent to provide the glass with a density and chemical durability suitable for a flat panel display glass (e.g., an AMLCD glass), and a liquidus temperature (liquidus viscosity), which allows the glass to be formed by a downdraw process (e.g., a fusion process). In terms of an upper limit, in general, the SiO2 concentration can be less than or equal to about 80 mole percent to allow batch materials to be melted using conventional, high volume, melting techniques, e.g., Joule melting in a refractory melter. As the concentration of SiO2 increases, the 200 poise temperature (melting temperature) generally rises. In various applications, the SiO2 concentration is adjusted so that the glass composition has a melting temperature less than or equal to 1,750°C. In some embodiments, the SiO2 concentration is in the range of about 63.0 mol% to about 75.0 mol%, or in the range of about 63.0 mol% to about 71.0 mol%, or in the range of about 65.0 mol% to about 73 mol% or in the range of about 67 mol% and 72 mol%, or in the range of about 68.0 to 72.0 mol%, or in the range of about 68.0 mol% to about 71.0 mol%, or in the range of about 68.0 mol% to about 70.5 mol%, or in the range of about 68.1 mol% to about 72.3 mol%, or in the range of about 68.5 to about 72.0 mol%, or in the range of about 68.95 mol% to about 71.12 mol%, or in the range of about 69.7 to about 71.7 mol%.

[0091] Al2O3 is another glass former used to make the glasses described herein. An Al2O3 concentration greater than or equal to 10 mole percent provides the glass with a low liquidus temperature and high viscosity, resulting in a high liquidus viscosity. The use of at least 10 mole percent Al2O3 also improves the glass's annealing point and modulus. In order that the ratio (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is greater than or equal to 1.0, the Al2O3 concentration may be below about 15 mole percent. In some embodiments, the Al2O3 concentration is in the range of about 11.0 and 14.0 mole percent, or in the range of about 11.0 to about 13.6 mol%, or in the range of about 13.0 mol% to about 14.5 mol%, or in the range of about 13.0 mol% to about 14.0 mol%, or in the range of about 13.0 mol% to about 14.18 mol%. In some embodiments, the Al2O3 concentration is greater than or equal to about 9.5 mol%, 10.0 mol%, 10.5 mol%, 11.0 mol%, 11.5 mol%, 12.0 mol%, 12.5 mol% or 13.0 mol% while maintaining a ratio of (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 1.0.

[0092] Some embodiments of the disclosure have a modulus greater than about 81 GPa, or 81.5 GPa, or 82 GPa, or 82.5 GPa, or 83 GPa, or 83.5 GPa, or 84 GPa, or 84.5 GPa or 85 GPa. In various embodiments, an aluminosilicate glass article has a Young's modulus in the range of about 81 GPa to about 88 GPa, or in the range of about 81.5 GPa to about 85 GPa, or in the range of about 82 GPa to about 84.5 GPa.

[0093] The density of some embodiments of aluminosilicate glass articles is less than about 2.7 g/cc, or 2.65 g/cc, or 2.61 g/cc, or 2.6 g/cc, or 2.55 g/cc. In various embodiments, the density is in the range of about 2.55 g/cc to about 2.65 g/cc, or in the range of about 2.57 g/cc to about 2.626 g/cc.

[0094] B2O3 is both a glass former and a flux that aids melting and lowers the melting temperature. It has an impact on both liquidus temperature and viscosity. Increasing B2O3 can be used to increase the liquidus viscosity of a glass. To achieve these effects, the glass compositions of one or more embodiments may have B2O3 concentrations that are equal to or greater than 0.1 mole percent. As discussed above with regard to SiO2, glass durability is very important for LCD applications. Durability can be controlled somewhat by elevated concentrations of alkaline earth oxides, and significantly reduced by elevated B2O3 content. Annealing point decreases as B2O3 increases, so it may be helpful to keep B2O3 content low relative to its typical concentration in amorphous silicon substrates. Thus in some embodiments, the glass composition has B2O3 concentrations that are in the range of about 0.0 and 3.0 mole percent, or greater than 0 to about 3.0 mol%, or about 0.0 to about 2.8 mol%, or greater than 0 to about 2.8 mol%, or about 0.0 to about 2.5 mol%, or greater than 0 to about 2.5 mol%, or in the range of about 0.0 to about 2.0 mol%, or greater than 0 to about 2.0 mol percent, or in the range of about 0.1 mol% to about 3.0 mol%, or in the range of about 0.75 mol% to about 2.13 mol%.

[0095] The Al2O3 and B2O3 concentrations can be selected as a pair to increase annealing point, increase modulus, improve durability, reduce density, and reduce the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), while maintaining the melting and forming properties of the glass.

[0096] For example, an increase in B2O3 and a corresponding decrease in Al2O3 can be helpful in obtaining a lower density and CTE, while an increase in Al2O3 and a corresponding decrease in B2O3 can be helpful in increasing annealing point, modulus, and durability, provided that the increase in Al2O3 does not reduce the (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratio below about 1.0. For (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratios below about 1.0, it may be difficult or impossible to remove gaseous inclusions from the glass due to late-stage melting of the silica raw material. Furthermore, when (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ≤ 1.05, mullite, an aluminosilicate crystal, can appear as a liquidus phase. Once mullite is present as a liquidus phase, the composition sensitivity of liquidus increases considerably, and mullite devitrification products both grow very quickly and are very difficult to remove once established. Thus, in some embodiments, the glass composition has (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ≥ 1.0 (or greater than or equal to about 1.0). In various embodiments, the glass has (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ≥ 1.05 (or greater than or equal to about 1.05), or in the range of about 1 to about 1.17.

[0097] In one or more embodiments, glasses for use in AMLCD applications have coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) (22-300°C) in the range of about 28×10-7 /°C to about 42×10-7/°C, or in the range of about 30×10-7/°C to about 40×10-7/°C, or in the range of about 32×10-7 /°C to about 38×10-7/°C.

[0098] In addition to the glass formers (SiO2, Al2O3, and B2O3), the glasses described herein also include alkaline earth oxides. In one embodiment, at least three alkaline earth oxides are part of the glass composition, e.g., MgO, CaO, and BaO, and, optionally, SrO. The alkaline earth oxides provide the glass with various properties important to melting, fining, forming, and ultimate use. Accordingly, to improve glass performance in these regards, in one embodiment, the (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratio is greater than or equal to about 1.0. As this ratio increases, viscosity tends to increase more strongly than liquidus temperature, and thus it is increasingly difficult to obtain suitably high values for T35k - Tliq. Thus in another embodiment, ratio (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 2. In some embodiments, the (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratio is in the range of about 1 to about 1.2, or in the range of about 1 to about 1.16, or in the range of about 1.1 to about 1.6. In detailed embodiments, the (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratio less than about 1.7, or 1.6, or 1.5.

[0099] For certain embodiments of this disclosure, the alkaline earth oxides may be treated as what is in effect a single compositional component. This is because their impact upon viscoelastic properties, liquidus temperatures and liquidus phase relationships are qualitatively more similar to one another than they are to the glass forming oxides SiO2, Al2O3 and B2O3. However, the alkaline earth oxides CaO, SrO and BaO can form feldspar minerals, notably anorthite (CaAl2Si2O8) and celsian (BaAl2Si2O8) and strontium-bearing solid solutions of same, but MgO does not participate in these crystals to a significant degree. Therefore, when a feldspar crystal is already the liquidus phase, a superaddition of MgO may serves to stabilize the liquid relative to the crystal and thus lower the liquidus temperature. At the same time, the viscosity curve typically becomes steeper, reducing melting temperatures while having little or no impact on low-temperature viscosities.

[0100] The inventors have found that the addition of small amounts of MgO may benefit melting by reducing melting temperatures, forming by reducing liquidus temperatures and increasing liquidus viscosity, while preserving high annealing point and, thus, low compaction. In various embodiments, the glass composition comprises MgO in an amount in the range of about 0.9 mol% to about 9 mol%, or in the range of about 1.0 mol% to about 7.2 mol%, or in the range of about 1.0 mol% to about 6.0 mol%, or in the range of about 2.1 mol% to about 5.68 mol%, or in the range of about 3.1 mol% to about 5.9 mol%, or in the range of about 3.5 mol% to about 5.0 mol%.

[0101] The inventors have surprisingly found that glasses with suitably high values of T35k - Tliq, the ratio of MgO to the other alkaline earths, MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO), falls within a relatively narrow range. As noted above, additions of MgO can destabilize feldspar minerals, and thus stabilize the liquid and lower liquidus temperature. However, once MgO reaches a certain level, mullite, Al6Si2O13, may be stabilized, thus increasing the liquidus temperature and reducing the liquidus viscosity. Moreover, higher concentrations of MgO tend to decrease the viscosity of the liquid, and thus even if the liquidus viscosity remains unchanged by addition of MgO, it will eventually be the case that the liquidus viscosity will decrease. Thus in another embodiment, 0.20 ≤ MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) ≤ 0.40 or in some embodiments, 0.22 ≤ MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) ≤ 0.37. Within these ranges, MgO may be varied relative to the glass formers and the other alkaline earth oxides to maximize the value of T35k - Tliq consistent with obtaining other desired properties.

[0102] Without being bound by any particular theory of operation, it is believed that calcium oxide present in the glass composition can produce low liquidus temperatures (high liquidus viscosities), high annealing points and moduli, and CTE's in the most desired ranges for flat panel applications, specifically, AMLCD applications. It also contributes favorably to chemical durability, and compared to other alkaline earth oxides, it is relatively inexpensive as a batch material. However, at high concentrations, CaO increases the density and CTE. Furthermore, at sufficiently low SiO2 concentrations, CaO may stabilize anorthite, thus decreasing liquidus viscosity. Accordingly, in one or more embodiment, the CaO concentration can be greater than or equal to 4 mole percent, or 4.0 mol%. In various embodiments, the CaO concentration of the glass composition is in the range of about 4.0 mol% to about 8.0 mol%, or in the range of about 4.1 mol% to about 10 mol% (or 10.0 mol%), or in the range of about 4.12 mol% to about 7.45 mol%, or in the range of about 4.5 mol% to about 7.4 mol%, or in the range of about 5.0 mol% to about 6.5 mol%, or in the range of about 5.25 mol% to about 11 mol% (or 11.0 mol%), or in the range of about 5.25 mol% to about 10 mol% (or 10.0 mol%), or in the range of about 5.25 mol% to about 6.5 mol%, or in the range of about 5.25 mol% to about 6.0 mol%.

[0103] SrO and BaO can both contribute to low liquidus temperatures (high liquidus viscosities) and, thus, the glasses described herein will typically contain at least both of these oxides. However, the selection and concentration of these oxides are selected to avoid an increase in CTE and density and a decrease in modulus and annealing point. The relative proportions of SrO and BaO can be balanced so as to obtain a suitable combination of physical properties and liquidus viscosity such that the glass can be formed by a downdraw process. In various embodiments, the glass comprises SrO in the range of about 0 to about 6.0 mol%, or greater than 0 to about 6.0 mol%, or about 0 to about 4.5 mol%, 4.2 mol%, or 2.0 mol%, or greater than 0 to about 4.5 mol%, 4.2 mol% or 2.0 mol%, or in the range of about 0.45 mol% to about 4.15 mol%. In some embodiments, the minimum amount of SrO is about 0.02 mol%. In one or more embodiments, the glass comprises BaO in the range of about 0 to about 4.5 mol%, or greater than 0 to about 4.5 mol%, or about 1.0 to about 9.0 mol%, or about 1.2 mol% to about 4.4 mol%, or about 2.42 mol% to about 4.3 mol%, or about 2.5 mol% to about 4.5 mol%, or about 2.6 mol% to about 4.4 mol%, or about 3.0 mol% to about 5.4 mol%, or about 3.5 mol% to about 4.0 mol%.

[0104] To summarize the effects/roles of the central components of the glasses of the disclosure, SiO2 is the basic glass former. Al2O3 and B2O3 are also glass formers and can be selected as a pair with, for example, an increase in B2O3 and a corresponding decrease in Al2O3 being used to obtain a lower density and CTE, while an increase in Al2O3 and a corresponding decrease in B2O3 being used in increasing annealing point, modulus, and durability, provided that the increase in Al2O3 does not reduce the RO/Al2O3 ratio below about 1.0, where RO=□(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO). If the ratio goes too low, meltability is compromised, i.e., the melting temperature becomes too high. B2O3 can be used to bring the melting temperature down, but high levels of B2O3 compromise annealing point.

[0105] In addition to meltability and annealing point considerations, for AMLCD applications, the CTE of the glass should be compatible with that of silicon. To achieve such CTE values, exemplary glasses can control the RO content of the glass. For a given Al2O3 content, controlling the RO content corresponds to controlling the RO/Al2O3 ratio. In practice, glasses having suitable CTE's are produced if the RO/Al2O3 ratio is below about 1.6.

[0106] On top of these considerations, the glasses are preferably formable by a downdraw process, e.g., a fusion process, which means that the glass' liquidus viscosity needs to be relatively high. Individual alkaline earths play an important role in this regard since they can destabilize the crystalline phases that would otherwise form. BaO and SrO are particularly effective in controlling the liquidus viscosity and are included in exemplary glasses for at least this purpose. As illustrated in the examples presented below, various combinations of the alkaline earths will produce glasses having high liquidus viscosities, with the total of the alkaline earths satisfying the RO/Al2O3 ratio constraints needed to achieve low melting temperatures, high annealing points, and suitable CTE's. In some embodiments, the liquidus viscosity is greater than or equal to about 150kP.

[0107] In addition to the above components, the glass compositions described herein can include various other oxides to adjust various physical, melting, fining, and forming attributes of the glasses. Examples of such other oxides include, but are not limited to, TiO2, MnO, Fe2O3, ZnO, Nb2O5, MoOs, Ta2O5, WO3, Y2O3, La2O3 and CeO2 as well as other rare earth oxides and phosphates. In one embodiment, the amount of each of these oxides can be less than or equal to 2.0 mole percent, and their total combined concentration can be less than or equal to 5.0 mole percent. In some embodiments, the glass composition comprises ZnO in an amount in the range of about 0 to about 1.5 mol%, or about 0 to about 1.0 mol%. The glass compositions described herein can also include various contaminants associated with batch materials and/or introduced into the glass by the melting, fining, and/or forming equipment used to produce the glass, particularly Fe2O2 and ZrO2. The glasses can also contain SnO2 either as a result of Joule melting using tin-oxide electrodes and/or through the batching of tin containing materials, e.g., SnO2, SnO, SnCO3, SnC2O2, etc.

[0108] The glass compositions are generally alkali free; however, the glasses can contain some alkali contaminants. In the case of AMLCD applications, it is desirable to keep the alkali levels below 0.1 mole percent to avoid having a negative impact on thin film transistor (TFT) performance through diffusion of alkali ions from the glass into the silicon of the TFT. As used herein, an "alkali-free glass" is a glass having a total alkali concentration which is less than or equal to 0.1 mole percent, where the total alkali concentration is the sum of the Na2O, K2O, and Li2O concentrations. In one embodiment, the total alkali concentration is less than or equal to 0.1 mole percent.

[0109] As discussed above, (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratios greater than or equal to 1.0 improve fining, i.e., the removal of gaseous inclusions from the melted batch materials. This improvement allows for the use of more environmentally friendly fining packages. For example, on an oxide basis, the glass compositions described herein can have one or more or all of the following compositional characteristics: (i) an As2O3 concentration of at most 0.05 mole percent; (ii) an SB2O3 concentration of at most 0.05 mole percent; (iii) a SnO2 concentration of at most 0.25 mole percent.

[0110] As2O3 is an effective high temperature fining agent for AMLCD glasses, and in some embodiments described herein, As2O3 is used for fining because of its superior fining properties. However, As2O3 is poisonous and requires special handling during the glass manufacturing process. Accordingly, in certain embodiments, fining is performed without the use of substantial amounts of As2O3, i.e., the finished glass has at most 0.05 mole percent As2O3. In one embodiment, no As2O3 is purposely used in the fining of the glass. In such cases, the finished glass will typically have at most 0.005 mole percent As2O3 as a result of contaminants present in the batch materials and/or the equipment used to melt the batch materials.

[0111] Although not as toxic as As2O3, SB2O3 is also poisonous and requires special handling. In addition, SB2O3 raises the density, raises the CTE, and lowers the annealing point in comparison to glasses that use As2O3 or SnO2 as a fining agent. Accordingly, in certain embodiments, fining is performed without the use of substantial amounts of SB2O3, i.e., the finished glass has at most 0.05 mole percent SB2O3. In another embodiment, no SB2O3 is purposely used in the fining of the glass. In such cases, the finished glass will typically have at most 0.005 mole percent SB2O3 as a result of contaminants present in the batch materials and/or the equipment used to melt the batch materials.

[0112] Compared to As2O3 and SB2O3 fining, tin fining (i.e., SnO2 fining) is less effective, but SnO2 is a ubiquitous material that has no known hazardous properties. Also, for many years, SnO2 has been a component of AMLCD glasses through the use of tin oxide electrodes in the Joule melting of the batch materials for such glasses. The presence of SnO2 in AMLCD glasses has not resulted in any known adverse effects in the use of these glasses in the manufacture of liquid crystal displays. However, high concentrations of SnO2 are not preferred as this can result in the formation of crystalline defects in AMLCD glasses. In one embodiment, the concentration of SnO2 in the finished glass is less than or equal to 0.25 mole percent.

[0113] Tin fining can be used alone or in combination with other fining techniques if desired. For example, tin fining can be combined with halide fining, e.g., bromine fining. Other possible combinations include, but are not limited to, tin fining plus sulfate, sulfide, cerium oxide, mechanical bubbling, and/or vacuum fining. It is contemplated that these other fining techniques can be used alone. In certain embodiments, maintaining the (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratio and individual alkaline earth concentrations within the ranges discussed above makes the fining process easier to perform and more effective.

[0114] The glasses described herein can be manufactured using various techniques known in the art. In one embodiment, the glasses are made using a downdraw process such as, for example, a fusion downdraw process. In one embodiment, described herein is a method for producing an alkali-free glass sheet by a downdraw process comprising selecting, melting, and fining batch materials so that the glass making up the sheets comprises SiO2, Al2O3, B2O3, MgO, CaO and BaO, and, on an oxide basis, comprises: (i) a (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 ratio greater than or equal to 1.0; (ii) a MgO content greater than or equal to 3.0 mole percent; (iii) a CaO content greater than or equal to 4.0 mole percent; and (iv) a BaO content greater than or equal to 1.0 mole percent, wherein: (a) the fining is performed without the use of substantial amounts of arsenic (and, optionally, without the use of substantial amounts of antimony); and (b) a population of 50 sequential glass sheets produced by the downdraw process from the melted and fined batch materials has an average gaseous inclusion level of less than 0.10 gaseous inclusions/cubic centimeter, where each sheet in the population has a volume of at least 500 cubic centimeters.

[0115] U.S. Pat. No. 5,785,726 (Dorfeld et al.), U.S. Pat. No. 6,128,924 (Bange et al.), U.S. Pat. No. 5,824,127 (Bange et al.), and U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,628,038 and 7,628,039 (De Angelis, et al.) disclose processes for manufacturing arsenic free glasses. U.S. Patent No. 7,696,113 (Ellison) discloses a process for manufacturing arsenic- and antimony-free glass using iron and tin to minimize gaseous inclusions.

[0116] According to one embodiment, a population of 50 sequential glass sheets produced by the downdraw process from the melted and fined batch materials has an average gaseous inclusion level of less than 0.05 gaseous inclusions/cubic centimeter, where each sheet in the population has a volume of at least 500 cubic centimeters.

[0117] The etch rate of the glass composition is a measure of how quickly a material can be removed from the glass and a rapid etch rate has been found to provide value to panel makers. The inventors have identified an "etch index" which allows one to estimate the etch rate of a glass composition in commercially relevant etching processes (such as, but not limited to, a ten minute soak in a 10% HF/ 5% HCl solution at 30°C). This etch index is defined by equation (2)

where the oxides are in mol %. In some embodiments, the etch index is greater than or equal to about 21. In various embodiments, the etch index is greater than or equal to about 21.5, 22, 22.5, 23, 23.5, 24, 24.5, 25, 25.5, 26, 26.5, 27, 27.5, 28, 28.5, 29, 29.5, 30, 30.5 or 31.

[0118] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a glass composition comprising, in mol% on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.5-72.0

Al2O3 ≥ 13.0

B2O3 ≤ 2.5

MgO 1.0-6.0

CaO 4.0-8.0

SrO ≤ 4.5

BaO ≤ 4.5

wherein

1.0 ≤ (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 < 1.6,

an etch index ≥ 21;

an annealing point ≥ 800 °C; and

a Modulus > 82 GPa.



[0119] One or more embodiments of the present disclosure is directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-3.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.25-6.5

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 1.0-9.0.



[0120] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.25-6.5

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0121] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-70.5

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-3.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.25-11

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 1.0-9.0.



[0122] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-70.5

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.25-10.0

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0123] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-75.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.8

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.25-11

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 1.0-9.0.



[0124] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-72.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.25-10.0

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0125] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-75.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-3.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.25-11

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 3.0-5.4.



[0126] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-72.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.25-10.0

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0127] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-75.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.5

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.0-6.5

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 1.0-9.0,

having (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 1.1-1.6

[0128] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-72.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.5

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.25-6.5

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0129] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.25-6.5

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 1.0-9.0.



[0130] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.25-6.5

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0131] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.0-6.5

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 3.5-4.0.



[0132] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.0-6.5

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 3.5-4.0.



[0133] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a substantially alkali free glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 63.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 0.9-9.0

CaO 5.0-6.5

SrO >0-6.0

BaO 1.0-9.0,

wherein the sum of CaO and BaO >8.6.

[0134] Some embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges:

SiO2 68.0-71.0

Al2O3 13.0-14.0

B2O3 >0-2.0

MgO 3.5-5.0

CaO 5.0-6.5

SrO >0-2.0

BaO 2.5-4.5.



[0135] One or more embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to substantially alkali free glass having an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.65 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1750 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa; and an etch index in 10% HF/HCl greater than or equal to about 17.3 µm/mm3. In a detailed embodiment, the glass has an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1700 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310 °C; and an etch index greater than or equal to about 18.5 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass article has a T200P less than or equal to about 1740°C, or 1730°C, or 1720°C, or1710°C, or 1700°C, or 1690°C, 1680°C, 1670°C, 1660°C or 1650°C. In one or more embodiments, the glass article has a T200P in the range of about 1640°C to about 1705°C, or in the range of about 1646°C to about 1702°C, or in the range of about 1650°C to about 1700°C.

[0136] One or more embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to substantially alkali free glass having one or more of: an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.65 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1750 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa; or an etch index in 10% HF/HCl greater than or equal to about 17.3 µm/mm3. In some embodiments, the glass has one or more of: an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1700 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310 °C; or an etch index greater than or equal to about 18.5 µm/mm3.

[0137] One or more embodiments od the disclosure are directed to glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol% on an oxide basis,

SiO2 69.76-71.62

Al2O3 11.03-13.57

B2O3 0-2.99

MgO 3.15-5.84

CaO 4.55-7.35

SrO 0.2-1.99

BaO 2.61-4.41

ZnO 0-1.0,

wherein the glass has a ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6 and the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37. In various embodiments, the glass has one or more of: a T(ann) > 785°C; a density < 2.65 g/cc; a T(200P) < 1750°C; a T(35kP) <1340°C; a Young's modulus > 82 GPa; or an etch index > 21.

[0138] Some embodiments of the disclosure are directed to glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol% on an oxide basis,

SiO2 68.14-72.29

Al2O3 11.03-14.18

B2O3 0-2.99

MgO 1.09-7.2

CaO 4.12-9.97

SrO 0.2-4.15

BaO 1.26-4.41

ZnO 0-1.0,

wherein the ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6 and the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37. In various embodiments, the glass has one or more of: a T(ann) > 785°C; a density < 2.65 g/cc; a T(200P) < 1750°C; a T(35kP) <1340°C; a Young's modulus > 82 GPa; or an etch index > 21 µm/mm3.

[0139] One or more embodiments of the disclosure are directed to substantially alkali free glass wherein (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37. In some embodiments, the glass has one or more of" T(ann) > 785°C, density < 2.65 g/cc, T(200P) < 1750°C, T(35kP) <1340°C, Young's modulus > 82 GPa, or an etch index > 21 µm/mm3. In various embodiments, the glass comprises, in mol% on an oxide basis, one or more of: SiO2 in the range 68.14 - 72.29; Al2O3 in the range 11.03 - 14.18; B2O3 in the range 0-2.99; MgO in the range 1.09-7.2; CaO in the range 4.12-9.97; SrO in the range 0.2-4.15; BaO in the range 1.26-4.41; and/or ZnO in the range 0-1.0.

[0140] Some embodiments are directed to a substantially alkali free glass wherein (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO / (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37 and the glass has a liquidus viscosity > 150kP. In various embodiments, the glass comprises, in mol% on an oxide basis, one or more of: SiO2 in the range 68.14 - 72.29; Al2O3 in the range 11.03 - 14.18; B2O3 in the range 0-2.99; MgO in the range 1.09-7.2; CaO in the range 4.12-9.97; SrO in the range 0.2-4.15; BaO in the range 1.26-4.41; and/or ZnO in the range 0-1.0.

[0141] One or more embodiments are directed to substantially alkali free glass wherein (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and about 1.6, and the glass has an etch index greater than or equal to 23 µm/mm3, a T(ann)>800°C and Young's modulus > 82 GPa. In various embodiments, the glass comprises, in mol% on an oxide basis, one or more of: SiO2 in the range 68.14 - 72.29; Al2O3 in the range 11.03 - 14.18; B2O3 in the range 0-2.99; MgO in the range 1.09-7.2; CaO in the range 4.12-9.97; SrO in the range 0.2-4.15; BaO in the range 1.26-4.41; and/or ZnO in the range 0-1.0.

[0142] Some embodiments of the disclosure are directed to aluminosilicate glass articles that are substantially free of alkalis, wherein the glass article has an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 795 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.63 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1730 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1320 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.5 GPa; and an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3. In various embodiments, the aluminosilicate glass article comprises one or more of: SiO2 in the range of 68.5-72 mol%; greater than or equal to 13 mol% Al2O3; B2O3 in the range of 0-2.5 mol%; MgO in the range of 1-6 mol%; CaO in the range of 4-8 mol%; SrO in the range 0-4.5 mol%; BaO in the range 0-4.5 mol%; and/or a ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 in the range of 1-1.6.

[0143] Some embodiments of the disclosure are directed to an aluminosilicate glass article that is substantially free of alkalis, wherein the glass article has: an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800 °C; a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc; a T200P less than or equal to about 1710 °C; a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310 °C; a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.2 GPa; and an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3. In various embodiments, the aluminosilicate glass article comprises one or more of: SiO2 in the range of 68.5-72 mol%; greater than or equal to 13 mol% Al2O3; B2O3 in the range of 0-2.5 mol%; MgO in the range of 1-6 mol%; CaO in the range of 4-8 mol%; SrO in the range 0-4.5 mol%; BaO in the range 0-4.5 mol%; and/or a ratio of (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO)/Al2O3 in the range of 1-1.6.

[0144] It will be appreciated that the various disclosed embodiments may involve particular features, elements or steps that are described in connection with that particular embodiment. It will also be appreciated that a particular feature, element or step, although described in relation to one particular embodiment, may be interchanged or combined with alternate embodiments in various non-illustrated combinations or permutations.

[0145] It is also to be understood that, as used herein the terms "the," "a," or "an," mean "at least one," and should not be limited to "only one" unless explicitly indicated to the contrary.

[0146] Ranges can be expressed herein as from "about" one particular value, and/or to "about" another particular value. When such a range is expressed, examples include from the one particular value and/or to the other particular value. Similarly, when values are expressed as approximations, by use of the antecedent "about," it will be understood that the particular value forms another aspect. It will be further understood that the endpoints of each of the ranges are significant both in relation to the other endpoint, and independently of the other endpoint.

[0147] The terms "substantial," "substantially," and variations thereof as used herein are intended to note that a described feature is equal or approximately equal to a value or description. Moreover, "substantially similar" is intended to denote that two values are equal or approximately equal. In some embodiments, "substantially similar" may denote values within about 10% of each other, such as within about 5% of each other, or within about 2% of each other.

[0148] Unless otherwise expressly stated, it is in no way intended that any method set forth herein be construed as requiring that its steps be performed in a specific order. Accordingly, where a method claim does not actually recite an order to be followed by its steps or it is not otherwise specifically stated in the claims or descriptions that the steps are to be limited to a specific order, it is no way intended that any particular order be inferred.

[0149] While various features, elements or steps of particular embodiments may be disclosed using the transitional phrase "comprising," it is to be understood that alternative embodiments, including those that may be described using the transitional phrases "consisting" or "consisting essentially of," are implied. Thus, for example, implied alternative embodiments to an apparatus that comprises A+B+C include embodiments where an apparatus consists of A+B+C and embodiments where an apparatus consists essentially of A+B+C.

[0150] It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made to the present disclosure without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure. Since modifications combinations, sub-combinations and variations of the disclosed embodiments incorporating the spirit and substance of the disclosure may occur to persons skilled in the art, the disclosure should be construed to include everything within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.

EXAMPLES



[0151] The following examples are set forth below to illustrate the methods and results according to the disclosed subject matter. These examples are not intended to be inclusive of all embodiments of the subject matter disclosed herein, but rather to illustrate representative methods and results. These examples are not intended to exclude equivalents and variations of the present disclosure which are apparent to one skilled in the art.

[0152] Efforts have been made to ensure accuracy with respect to numbers (e.g., amounts, temperature, etc.) but some errors and deviations should be accounted for. Unless indicated otherwise, temperature is in °C or is at ambient temperature, and pressure is at or near atmospheric. The compositions themselves are given in mole percent on an oxide basis and have been normalized to 100%. There are numerous variations and combinations of reaction conditions, e.g., component concentrations, temperatures, pressures and other reaction ranges and conditions that can be used to optimize the product purity and yield obtained from the described process. Only reasonable and routine experimentation will be required to optimize such process conditions.

[0153] The glass properties set forth in Table 1 were determined in accordance with techniques conventional in the glass art. Thus, the linear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) over the temperature range 25-300°C is expressed in terms of × 10-7/°C and the annealing point is expressed in terms of °C. These were determined from fiber elongation techniques (ASTM references E228-85 and C336, respectively). The density in terms of grams/cm3 was measured via the Archimedes method (ASTM C693). The melting temperature in terms of °C (defined as the temperature at which the glass melt demonstrates a viscosity of 200 poises) was calculated employing a Fulcher equation fit to high temperature viscosity data measured via rotating cylinders viscometry (ASTM C965-81).

[0154] The liquidus temperature of the glass in terms of °C was measured using the standard gradient boat liquidus method of ASTM C829-81. This involves placing crushed glass particles in a platinum boat, placing the boat in a furnace having a region of gradient temperatures, heating the boat in an appropriate temperature region for 24 hours, and determining by means of microscopic examination the highest temperature at which crystals appear in the interior of the glass. More particularly, the glass sample is removed from the Pt boat in one piece, and examined using polarized light microscopy to identify the location and nature of crystals which have formed against the Pt and air interfaces, and in the interior of the sample. Because the gradient of the furnace is very well known, temperature vs. location can be well estimated, within 5-10°C. The temperature at which crystals are observed in the internal portion of the sample is taken to represent the liquidus of the glass (for the corresponding test period). Testing is sometimes carried out at longer times (e.g. 72 hours), to observe slower growing phases. The liquidus viscosity in poises was determined from the liquidus temperature and the coefficients of the Fulcher equation.

[0155] Young's modulus values in terms of GPa were determined using a resonant ultrasonic spectroscopy technique of the general type set forth in ASTM E1875-00e1.

[0156] Exemplary glasses are shown in Table 1. As can be seen in Table 1, the exemplary glasses have density, annealing point and Young's modulus values that make the glasses suitable for display applications, such as AMLCD substrate applications, and more particularly for low-temperature polysilicon and oxide thin film transistor applications. Although not shown in Table 1, the glasses have durabilities in acid and base media that are similar to those obtained from commercial AMLCD substrates, and thus are appropriate for AMLCD applications. The exemplary glasses can be formed using downdraw techniques, and in particular are compatible with the fusion process, via the aforementioned criteria.

[0157] The exemplary glasses of Table 1 were prepared using a commercial sand as a silica source, milled such that 90% by weight passed through a standard U.S. 100 mesh sieve. Alumina was the alumina source, periclase was the source for MgO, limestone the source for CaO, strontium carbonate, strontium nitrate or a mix thereof was the source for SrO, barium carbonate was the source for BaO, and tin (IV) oxide was the source for SnO2. The raw materials were thoroughly mixed, loaded into a platinum vessel suspended in a furnace heated by silicon carbide glowbars, melted and stirred for several hours at temperatures between 1600 and 1650°C to ensure homogeneity, and delivered through an orifice at the base of the platinum vessel. The resulting patties of glass were annealed at or near the annealing point, and then subjected to various experimental methods to determine physical, viscous and liquidus attributes.

[0158] These methods are not unique, and the glasses of Table 1 can be prepared using standard methods well-known to those skilled in the art. Such methods include a continuous melting process, such as would be performed in a continuous melting process, wherein the melter used in the continuous melting process is heated by gas, by electric power, or combinations thereof.

[0159] Raw materials appropriate for producing exemplary glasses include commercially available sands as sources for SiO2; alumina, aluminum hydroxide, hydrated forms of alumina, and various aluminosilicates, nitrates and halides as sources for Al2O3; boric acid, anhydrous boric acid and boric oxide as sources for B2O3; periclase, dolomite (also a source of CaO), magnesia, magnesium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide, and various forms of magnesium silicates, aluminosilicates, nitrates and halides as sources for MgO; limestone, aragonite, dolomite (also a source of MgO), wolastonite, and various forms of calcium silicates, aluminosilicates, nitrates and halides as sources for CaO; and oxides, carbonates, nitrates and halides of strontium and barium. If a chemical fining agent is desired, tin can be added as SnO2, as a mixed oxide with another major glass component (e.g., CaSnOs), or in oxidizing conditions as SnO, tin oxalate, tin halide, or other compounds of tin known to those skilled in the art.

[0160] The glasses in Table 1 contain SnO2 as a fining agent, but other chemical fining agents could also be employed to obtain glass of sufficient quality for TFT substrate applications. For example, exemplary glasses could employ any one or combinations of As2O3, SB2O3, CeO2, Fe2O3, and halides as deliberate additions to facilitate fining, and any of these could be used in conjunction with the SnO2 chemical fining agent shown in the examples. Of these, As2O3 and SB2O3 are generally recognized as hazardous materials, subject to control in waste streams such as might be generated in the course of glass manufacture or in the processing of TFT panels. It is therefore desirable to limit the concentration of As2O3 and SB2O3 individually or in combination to no more than 0.005 mol%.

[0161] In addition to the elements deliberately incorporated into exemplary glasses, nearly all stable elements in the periodic table are present in glasses at some level, either through low levels of contamination in the raw materials, through high-temperature erosion of refractories and precious metals in the manufacturing process, or through deliberate introduction at low levels to fine tune the attributes of the final glass. For example, zirconium may be introduced as a contaminant via interaction with zirconium-rich refractories. As a further example, platinum and rhodium may be introduced via interactions with precious metals. As a further example, iron may be introduced as a tramp in raw materials, or deliberately added to enhance control of gaseous inclusions. As a further example, manganese may be introduced to control color or to enhance control of gaseous inclusions. As a further example, alkalis may be present as a tramp component at levels up to about 0.1 mol% for the combined concentration of Li2O, Na2O and K2O.

[0162] Hydrogen is inevitably present in the form of the hydroxyl anion, OH-, and its presence can be ascertained via standard infrared spectroscopy techniques. Dissolved hydroxyl ions significantly and nonlinearly impact the annealing point of exemplary glasses, and thus to obtain the desired annealing point it may be necessary to adjust the concentrations of major oxide components so as to compensate. Hydroxyl ion concentration can be controlled to some extent through choice of raw materials or choice of melting system. For example, boric acid is a major source of hydroxyls, and replacing boric acid with boric oxide can be a useful means to control hydroxyl concentration in the final glass. The same reasoning applies to other potential raw materials comprising hydroxyl ions, hydrates, or compounds comprising physisorbed or chemisorbed water molecules. If burners are used in the melting process, then hydroxyl ions can also be introduced through the combustion products from combustion of natural gas and related hydrocarbons, and thus it may be desirable to shift the energy used in melting from burners to electrodes to compensate. Alternatively, one might instead employ an iterative process of adjusting major oxide components so as to compensate for the deleterious impact of dissolved hydroxyl ions.

[0163] Sulfur is often present in natural gas, and likewise is a tramp component in many carbonate, nitrate, halide, and oxide raw materials. In the form of SO2, sulfur can be a troublesome source of gaseous inclusions. The tendency to form SO2-rich defects can be managed to a significant degree by controlling sulfur levels in the raw materials, and by incorporating low levels of comparatively reduced multivalent cations into the glass matrix. While not wishing to be bound by theory, it appears that SO2-rich gaseous inclusions arise primarily through reduction of sulfate (SO4=) dissolved in the glass. The elevated barium concentrations of exemplary glasses appear to increase sulfur retention in the glass in early stages of melting, but as noted above, barium is required to obtain low liquidus temperature, and hence high T35k-Tliq and high liquidus viscosity. Deliberately controlling sulfur levels in raw materials to a low level is a useful means of reducing dissolved sulfur (presumably as sulfate) in the glass. In particular, sulfur is preferably less than 200ppm by weight in the batch materials, and more preferably less than 100ppm by weight in the batch materials.

[0164] Reduced multivalents can also be used to control the tendency of exemplary glasses to form SO2 blisters. While not wishing to be bound to theory, these elements behave as potential electron donors that suppress the electromotive force for sulfate reduction. Sulfate reduction can be written in terms of a half reaction such as

         SO4= → SO2 + O2 + 2e-

where e- denotes an electron. The "equilibrium constant" for the half reaction is

         Keq = [SO2][O2][e-]2/[SO4=]

where the brackets denote chemical activities. Ideally one would like to force the reaction so as to create sulfate from SO2, O2 and 2e-. Adding nitrates, peroxides, or other oxygen-rich raw materials may help, but also may work against sulfate reduction in the early stages of melting, which may counteract the benefits of adding them in the first place. SO2 has very low solubility in most glasses, and so is impractical to add to the glass melting process. Electrons may be "added" through reduced multivalents. For example, an appropriate electron-donating half reaction for ferrous iron (Fe2+) is expressed as

         2Fe2+ → 2Fe3+ + 2e-



[0165] This "activity" of electrons can force the sulfate reduction reaction to the left, stabilizing SO4= in the glass. Suitable reduced multivalents include, but are not limited to, Fe2+, Mn2+, Sn2+, Sb3+, As3+, V3+, Ti3+, and others familiar to those skilled in the art. In each case, it may be important to minimize the concentrations of such components so as to avoid deleterious impact on color of the glass, or in the case of As and Sb, to avoid adding such components at a high enough level so as to complication of waste management in an end-user's process.

[0166] In addition to the major oxides components of exemplary glasses, and the minor or tramp constituents noted above, halides may be present at various levels, either as contaminants introduced through the choice of raw materials, or as deliberate components used to eliminate gaseous inclusions in the glass. As a fining agent, halides may be incorporated at a level of about 0.4 mol% or less, though it is generally desirable to use lower amounts if possible to avoid corrosion of off-gas handling equipment. In some embodiments, the concentrations of individual halide elements are below about 200ppm by weight for each individual halide, or below about 800ppm by weight for the sum of all halide elements.

[0167] In addition to these major oxide components, minor and tramp components, multivalents and halide fining agents, it may be useful to incorporate low concentrations of other colorless oxide components to achieve desired physical, optical or viscoelastic properties. Such oxides include, but are not limited to, TiO2, ZrO2, HfO2, Nb2O5, Ta2O5, MoOs, WO3, ZnO, In2O3, Ga2O3, Bi2O3, GeO2, PbO, SeO3, TeO2, Y2O3, La2O3, Gd2O3, and others known to those skilled in the art. Through an iterative process of adjusting the relative proportions of the major oxide components of exemplary glasses, such colorless oxides can be added to a level of up to about 2 mol% without unacceptable impact to annealing point, T35k-Tliq or liquidus viscosity.

[0168] In one or more embodiments, glasses and glass articles are provided that exhibit reduced low temperature stress relaxation and compaction relative to existing compositions, and glasses having low temperature stress relaxation and compaction will enable glass articles used for electronic devices (e.g., display devices such as tablets or mobile phones) to be produced with an improved total pitch variation during the production of electronic devices that utilize the glass articles. Total pitch is the distance features move within a single glass sheet during processing to manufacture an electronic device on the glass sheet. Variation is the deviation from predictable movement between multiple glass sheets. Thus, "total pitch variation" is the distance that display components on a glass sheet move during heating. The distance the display components move during heating should be in line with backplane transistors during processing electronic devices to manufacture a display, otherwise the entire glass sheet will have to be discarded. A smaller the total pitch variation on a glass sheet results in better maintenance of the pitch variation factor. Unpredictable movement due to unacceptably high total pitch variation results in yield losses for parts made from the glass sheets. If the amount the glass sheet shifts during processing due to total pitch variation can be predicted, then the movement for every new glass substrate can be accounted for in the manufacturing process of electronic devices that utilize glass sheets made from glasses described herein. A lower total pitch variation results in higher resolution displays, brighter displays and lower power consumption. For makers of panels of glass for display devices, this results in an improved product due to the higher resolution and lower power consumption, lower manufacturing costs due to higher yields and better etching performance. According to one or more embodiments, such glasses when used in the form of glass sheets to manufacture display devices such as mobile phones and tablets will be able to maintain the display performance and quality under both low and high temperature processes.

[0169] According to one or more embodiments, the glasses disclosed herein can be used to produce glass articles in the form of glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and the glass sheets can be incorporated into another article such as an article with a display (or display articles) (e.g., consumer electronics, including mobile phones, tablets, computers, navigation systems, and the like), architectural articles, transportation articles (e.g., automotive, trains, aircraft, sea craft, etc.), appliance articles, or any article that requires some transparency, scratch-resistance, abrasion resistance or a combination thereof. An exemplary article incorporating any of the coated glass-based articles disclosed herein is shown in FIGs. 4A and 4B. Specifically, FIGs. 4A and 4B show a consumer electronic device 1900 including a housing 1902 having front 1904, back 1906, and side surfaces 1908; electrical components (not shown) that are at least partially inside or entirely within the housing and including at least a controller, a memory, and a display 1910 at or adjacent to the front surface of the housing; and a cover substrate 1912 at or over the front surface of the housing such that it is over the display. In some embodiments, the cover substrate 1912 may include any of the coated glass-based articles disclosed herein.

[0170] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO). Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0171] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO). Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0172] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO). Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0173] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0174] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0175] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0176] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35; RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO). Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0177] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0178] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO); and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0179] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0180] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35 and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0181] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35 and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0182] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35 and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0183] One or more embodiments of the disclosure provides glass, glass articles such as glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, liquid crystal display devices including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and consumer electronic products including glass sheets having a thickness in a range of 0.1 mm to 3 mm or 0.1 to 2 mm or 0.1 to 1.5 mm, the glass or the glass sheets comprising: SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, and Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38, 32 to 38, 33 to 38, 31 to 37, 32 to 37 33 to 37, 31 to 36, 32 to 36, 33 to 36, 31 to 35, 32 to 35, or 33 to 35; RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, 0.6 to 1.1, 0.7 to 1.1, 0.8 to 1.1, 0.5 to 1.05, 0.6 to 1.05, 0.7 to 1.05, 0.8 to 1.05, 0.5 to 1, 0.6 to 1, 0.7 to 1, or 0.8 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and BaO/RO in a range of 0.22 to 1, 0.23 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.26 to 1, 0.22 to 0.9, 0.23 to 0.9, 0.25 to 0.9, 0.26 to 0.9, 0.22 to 0.8, 0.23 to 0.8, 0.25 to 0.8, 0.26 to 0.8, 0.22 to 0.7, 0.23 to 0.7, 0.25 to 0.7, 0.26 to 0.7, 0.22 to 0.6, 0.23 to 0.6, 0.25 to 0.6, 0.26 to 0.6, 0.22 to 0.5, 0.23 to 0.5, 0.25 to 0.5, or 0.26 to 0.5 where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) and an annealing point less than 790° C, less than 795° C, less than 800° C, or less than 805° C. Such glass, glass articles such as glass sheets, liquid crystal devices including such glass sheets and consumer electronic products including such glass sheets provide higher resolution displays and brighter displays.

[0184] Table 1 shows examples of glasses (samples 1-189) with a T(ann) > 795°C, a Young's modulus > 81.5; and etch index > 23, a density < 2.63, a T(200P) < 1730°C; and a T(35kP) < 1320°C. Table 2 shows additional examples (samples 190-426) of glasses that border the parameters of Table 1.














































































































Example 382



[0185] A study was conducted to determine the effect of Na2O content on stress relaxation. Glass samples with Na2O ranges from 260 ppm to 980 ppm by weight glass were collected for further testing. Na2O content was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. For FIGS. 5-7, the data for Na2O content was normalized to 260 ppm as the baseline. FIG. 5 is a graph showing normalized stress relaxation ratio at 30 mins at 450° C, 550° C and 650° C with 260 ppm Na2O concentration as a baseline. Higher Na2O increases stress relaxation more at lower temperatures. FIG. 6 is a graph showing normalized sttress relaxation ratio taking 260 ppm Na2O as a reference as a function of time at 550° C. Higher Na2O increases the stress relaxation at shorter times more than at longer times.

[0186] FIG. 7 is a graph showing compaction at 500° C for a 30 min cycle vs Na2O content. Higher Na2O dramatically increased compaction, especially at the low temperature cycle.

EXAMPLE 383



[0187] Samples with lower sodium contents in ranges of from 1 ppm to 259 ppm Na2O by weight are analyzed as in Example 382. The effect of lower Na2O content on compaction, in particular in the low temperature cycle (LTTC) is observed to be consistent with Example 382.

[0188] The application also includes the following embodiments:
  1. [1]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6 and has an etch index greater than or equal to about 23, an annealing point greater than or equal to about 800° C, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and a Modulus greater than 82 GPa.
  2. [2]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, having a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  3. [3]. The glass of embodiment 2, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  4. [4]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.0-70.5, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  5. [5]. The glass of embodiment 4, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-10.0, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  6. [6]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, BaO3>0-2.8, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  7. [7]. The glass of embodiment 6, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-10.0, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  8. [8]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-3.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-11, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 3.0-5.4, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  9. [9]. The glass of embodiment 8, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-10.0, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  10. [10]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-75.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.5, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 1.1-1.6 and an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  11. [11]. The glass of embodiment 10, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  12. [12]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.25-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  13. [13]. The glass of embodiment 12, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  14. [14]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 3.5-4.0, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  15. [15]. The glass of embodiment 14, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO>0-2.0.
  16. [16]. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 63.0-71.0, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3>0-2.0, MgO 0.9-9.0, CaO 5.0-6.5, SrO>0-6.0, BaO 1.0-9.0, the sum of CaO and BaO>8.6, the glass substantially free of alkalis, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and having an etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  17. [17]. The glass of embodiment 16, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-71.0, MgO 3.5-5.0, SrO>0-2.0, BaO 2.5-4.5.
  18. [18]. A glass comprising:

    an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785° C.;

    a density less than or equal to about 2.65 g/cc;

    a T200P less than or equal to about 1750° C.;

    a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340° C.;

    a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa; and

    an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3 as defined by the equation:

    wherein the glass is substantially free of alkalis and includes a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight.

  19. [19]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the annealing temperature is greater than or equal to about 800° C.
  20. [20]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the density is less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc.
  21. [21]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the T200P less than or equal to about 1700° C.
  22. [22]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the T35kP less than or equal to about 1310° C.
  23. [23]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the etch index is greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.
  24. [24]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises SiO2, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 68.1-72.3.
  25. [25]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises Al2O3, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 11.0-14.0.
  26. [26]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises B2O3, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range >0-3.0.
  27. [27]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein glass comprises MgO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 1.0-7.2.
  28. [28]. The glass of embodiment 27, wherein the glass comprises MgO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 3.1-5.8.
  29. [29]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises CaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 4.1-10.0.
  30. [30]. The glass of embodiment 29, wherein the glass comprises CaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 4.5-7.4.
  31. [31]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises SrO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range >0-4.2.
  32. [32]. The glass of embodiment 31, wherein the glass comprises SrO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range >0-2.0.
  33. [33]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises BaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 1.2-4.4.
  34. [34]. The glass of embodiment 33, wherein the glass comprises BaO, in mole percent on an oxide basis, in the range 2.6-4.4.
  35. [35]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, SiO2 68.0-72.0, B2O3 0.1-3.0 and CaO 5.0-6.5.
  36. [36]. The glass of embodiment 18, wherein the glass comprises, in mole percent on an oxide basis, Al2O3 13.0-14.0, B2O3 0.1-3.0 and CaO 5.25-6.0.
  37. [37]. A glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol % on an oxide basis, SiO2 69.76-71.62, Al2O3 11.03-13.57, B2O3 0-2.99, MgO 3.15-5.84, CaO 4.55-7.35, SrO 0.2-1.99, BaO 2.61-4.41 and ZnO 0-1.0, wherein the ratio of (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37.
  38. [38]. A glass substantially free of alkalis comprising in mol % on an oxide basis: SiO2 68.14-72.29, Al2O3 11.03-14.18, B2O3 0-2.99, MgO 1.09-7.2, CaO 4.12-9.97, SrO 0.2-4.15, BaO 1.26-4.41 and ZnO 0-1.0, wherein the ratio of (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37.
  39. [39]. A glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, T(ann)>785° C., density <2.65 g/cc, T(200P)<1750° C., T(350)<1340° C., Young's modulus >82 GPa, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  40. [40]. A glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and the etch index >21 µm/mm3.
  41. [41]. A glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, the ratio of MgO/(MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO) is in the range of about 0.22 and 0.37, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and a liquidus viscosity >150 kP.
  42. [42]. A glass substantially free of alkalis wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and about 1.6, an etch index greater than or equal to 21 µm/mm3, T(ann)>800° C , a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and Young's modulus >82 GPa.
  43. [43]. An aluminosilicate glass article that is substantially free of alkalis, wherein the glass article has:

    an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 795° C.;

    a density less than or equal to about 2.63 g/cc;

    a T200P less than or equal to about 1730° C.;

    a T35kP less than or equal to about 1320° C.;

    a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.5 GPa;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3.

  44. [44]. An aluminosilicate glass article that is substantially free of alkalis, wherein the glass article has:

    an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 800° C.;

    a density less than or equal to about 2.61 g/cc;

    a T200P less than or equal to about 1710° C.;

    a T35kP less than or equal to about 1310° C.;

    a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81.2 GPa;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    an etch index greater than or equal to about 23 µm/mm3.

  45. [45]. A glass comprising:

    a T35kP greater than or equal to about 1270° C.;

    a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %,

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight,

    and an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.

  46. [46]. The glass of embodiment 45, wherein the glass comprises a T200P greater than or equal to about 1650° C.
  47. [47]. The glass of embodiment 45, wherein the glass comprises a liquidus temperature of greater than about 1150° C.
  48. [48]. The glass of embodiment 45, wherein the etch index is defined by the equation:

  49. [49]. The glass of embodiment 45, wherein the glass further comprises a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa.
  50. [50]. The glass of embodiment 45, wherein the glass is substantially free of alkalis.
  51. [51]. A glass comprising:

    a T200P greater than or equal to about 1650° C.;

    a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.

  52. [52]. A glass comprising:

    a liquidus temperature greater than or equal to about 1150° C.;

    a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    an etch index greater than or equal to about 21 µm/mm3.

  53. [53]. A glass comprising:

    a T35kP greater than or equal to about 1270° C.;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %.

  54. [54]. The glass of embodiment 53, wherein the glass comprises a T200P greater than or equal to about 1650° C.
  55. [55]. The glass of embodiment 53, wherein the glass comprises a liquidus temperature of greater than about 1150° C.
  56. [56]. The glass of embodiment 53, wherein the glass further comprises a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 82 GPa.
  57. [57]. The glass of embodiment 53, wherein the glass is substantially free of alkalis.
  58. [58]. A glass comprising:

    a T200P greater than or equal to about 1650° C.;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    a concentration of SnO2 of between about 0.001 mol % and 0.5 mol %.

  59. [59]. A glass comprising:

    an annealing temperature greater than or equal to about 785° C.;

    a Young's modulus greater than or equal to about 81 GPa;

    a T200P less than or equal to about 1750° C.;

    a T35kP less than or equal to about 1340° C.;

    a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight; and

    an average surface roughness as measured by atomic force microscopy of less than 0.5 nm.

  60. [60]. The glass of embodiment 59, wherein the glass comprises in mole percent on an oxide basis:

    SiO2 60-80,

    Al2O3 5-20,

    B2O3 0-10,

    MgO 0-20,

    CaO 0-20,

    SrO 0-20,

    BaO 0-20, and

    ZnO 0-20.

  61. [61]. The glass of embodiments 59-60, wherein the density is less than or equal to about 2.7 g/cc and the specific modulus is less than about 34.
  62. [62]. The glass of embodiment 61, wherein the specific modulus is between 30 and 34.
  63. [63]. The glass of embodiment 60, wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6.
  64. [64]. The glass of embodiment 59, wherein the T200P less than or equal to about 1700° C.
  65. [65]. The glass of embodiment 59, wherein the T35kP less than or equal to about 1310° C.
  66. [66]. A glass wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, T(ann)>785° C., density<2.7 g/cc, T(200P)<1750° C., T(35kP)<1340° C., Young's modulus>81 GPa.
  67. [67]. A glass wherein (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is in the range of about 1.0 and 1.6, T(ann)>785° C., density<2.7 g/cc, T(200P)<1750° C., T(35kP)>1270° C., Young's modulus>81 GPa, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight.
  68. [68]. The glass of embodiments 66-67, wherein the glass comprises in mole percent on an oxide basis:

    SiO2 60-80,

    Al2O3 5-20,

    B2O3 0-10,

    MgO 0-20,

    CaO 0-20,

    SrO 0-20,

    BaO 0-20, and

    ZnO 0-20.

  69. [69]. The glass of embodiments 66-67, wherein the glass is substantially free of alkalis.
  70. [70]. The glass of embodiments 66-67, wherein the specific modulus is less than about 34.
  71. [71]. The glass of embodiment 70, wherein the specific modulus is between 30 and 34.
  72. [72]. A liquid crystal display substrate comprising the glass of any of embodiments 59 to 71.
  73. [73]. A glass sheet comprising SiO2, B2O3 and Al2O3, BaO and at least one of MgO, CaO, and SrO, wherein RO/(B2O3 + Al2O3) is in a range of 0.5 to 1.1, a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and about 259 ppm by weight, and BaO/RO is in a range of 0.22 to 1, where RO=(MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO).
  74. [74]. The glass sheet according to embodiment 73, comprising in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6.
  75. [75]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 73.

  76. [76]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 74.

  77. [77]. A glass sheet according to embodiment 73, further comprising a Young's Modulus/Density (GPa/(g/cm3)) in a range of 31 to 38.
  78. [78]. The glass sheet according to embodiment 77, comprising in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6.
  79. [79]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 77.

  80. [80]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 78.

  81. [81]. A glass sheet according to embodiment 73, further comprising an annealing point of less than 790° C.
  82. [82]. The glass sheet according to embodiment 81, comprising in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6.
  83. [83]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 81.

  84. [84]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 82.

  85. [85]. A glass sheet according to embodiment 77, further comprising an annealing point of less than 790° C.
  86. [86]. The glass sheet according to embodiment 85, comprising in mole percent on an oxide basis in the ranges: SiO2 68.5-72.0, Al2O3 greater than or equal to about 13.0, B2O3 less than or equal to about 2.5, MgO 1.0-6.0, CaO 4.0-8.0, SrO less than or equal to about 4.5, BaO less than or equal to about 4.5, such that (MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO)/Al2O3 is less than or equal to about 1.6.
  87. [87]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 85.

  88. [88]. A consumer electronic product, comprising:

    a housing having a front surface, a back surface and side surfaces;

    electrical components provided at least partially within the housing, the electrical components including at least a controller, a memory, and a display, the display being provided at or adjacent the front surface of the housing; and

    the glass sheet of embodiment 86.




Claims

1. A glass comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:

SiO2: 63.0-75.0;

Al2O3: 13.0-14.5;

B2O3: >0-3.0;

MgO: 0.9-9.0;

CaO: 5.25-11;

SrO: >0-6.0; and

BaO: 1.0-9.0;

wherein,

the glass is substantially free of alkalis,

the glass has a Na2O content in a range of 1 ppm by weight and 259 ppm by weight, and

the glass has an etch index >21 µm/mm3.


 
2. The glass of claim 1, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
SiO2: 63.0-71.0.
 
3. The glass of claim 1, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
SiO2: 68.0-72.0, more preferably 68.0-70.5
 
4. The glass of any of claims 1 to 3, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
Al2O3: 13.0-14.0.
 
5. The glass of any of claims 1 to 4, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
B2O3: >0-2.8, preferably >0-2.0.
 
6. The glass of any of claims 1 to 5, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
MgO: 3.5-5.0.
 
7. The glass of any of claims 1 to 6, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
CaO: 5.25-10.0, preferably 5.25-6.5.
 
8. The glass of any of claims 1 to 6, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
CaO: 5.0-6.5
 
9. The glass of any of claims 1 to 8, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
SrO: >0-2.0.
 
10. The glass of any of claims 1 to 9, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
BaO: 2.5-4.5.
 
11. The glass of any of claims 1 to 9, comprising, in mole percent on an oxide basis:
BaO: 3.0-5.4.
 




Drawing























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description