(11) EP 1 255 081 B1


(45) Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.11.2008 Bulletin 2008/47

(21) Application number: 02007379.7

(22) Date of filing: 09.04.2002
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F24C 3/06(2006.01)


Atmospheric gas burner of radiant type

Atmosphärischer Strahlungsgasbrenner

Brûleur radiant à gaz de type atmosphérique

(84) Designated Contracting States:

(30) Priority: 03.05.2001 IT MI20010247 U

(43) Date of publication of application:
06.11.2002 Bulletin 2002/45

Benton Harbor Michigan 49022 (US)

(72) Inventors:
  • Distaso, Alessandro
    V.le G. Borghi 27, 21025 Comerio (IT)
  • Franchi, Daniele
    V.le G. Borghi 27, 21025 Comerio (IT)
  • Barrero, Davide
    V.le G. Borghi 27, 21025 Comerio (IT)

(74) Representative: Guerci, Alessandro 
Whirlpool Europe S.r.l. Patent Department Viale G. Borghi 27
21025 Comerio (VA)
21025 Comerio (VA) (IT)

(56) References cited: : 
EP-A- 1 091 176
EP-B1- 0 433 208
EP-A1- 0 521 833
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    [0001] The present invention relates to an atmospheric gas burner of radiant type in accordance with the introduction to the accompanying claim 1 and known from EP-A-109 1176.

    [0002] Atmospheric gas burners of radiant type are known comprising a porous refractory ceramic element (with or without catalyst) closing a chamber into which the air/gas mixture is fed through an injector, in which the gas (the variable throughput of which is controlled by a valve operated by a knob) acts as the vector fluid, i.e. for drawing-in the combustion air.

    [0003] The burner conceived in this manner is located at a distance below a profiled or non-profiled glass ceramic plate acting as a heat receiver. An example of a burner of thus type is described in a previous utility model in the name of the same applicant.

    [0004] The burner of the prior art is not always able to provide the required performance. This is the case for example when saucepans of considerably different diameter or perimeter are required to be positioned on one and the same burner (of given dimensions). If the burner is sized for the smaller saucepan, cooking requires a much longer time if the larger saucepan is used instead (even if the burner is used at its maximum thermal power). If the burner is sized for the larger saucepan, using the smaller saucepan results in considerable energy wastage even if the burner is operated at low power.

    [0005] An example of this situation is that of a fish-kettle (representing the larger pan) and a frying pan occupying a surface area of one half that of the fish-kettle.

    [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide a burner able to satisfy different thermal requirements determined by the bearing dimensions of the cooking utensil, in a simple and economical manner.

    [0007] This object is met by the features of the characterising clause of claim 1.

    [0008] The invention will be more apparent from the ensuing detailed description provided by way of example and given with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 is a schematic plan view of a cooking appliance with three cooking positions;

    Figure 2 is an exploded perspective view of one of the cooking positions of the appliance of Figure 1, but omitting the glass ceramic plate acting as the heat receiver;

    Figure 3 is a schematic vertical section through a cooking position of the appliance of Figures 1 and 2;

    Figure 4 is an exploded perspective view of a different embodiment of a cooking position.

    [0009] With reference to Figures 1-3, the cooking appliance represented presents three cooking positions, which can be different or equal to each other and are indicated by 1. It comprises (see Figure 3 in particular) a glass ceramic flat element or plate 2 on which the cooking utensil rests. In this specific case the plate 2 is supported by a metal spacer means 3 in front of a burner indicated overall by 4. The burner comprises a discoidal central part 5 of porous ceramic material and a circular annular part 6 also of porous ceramic material, having an inner diameter substantially equal to the outer diameter of the discoidal central part 5. According to a variant the two parts 5 and 6 can be a single disc, i.e. a single part.

    [0010] Whether the arrangement comprises two parts 5, 6 or a single part, a metal support body 7 is provided presenting an inner cylindrical wall 9 and a common base wall 10. The discoidal central part 5 (or the corresponding region in the one-piece arrangement) defines, with the inner cylindrical wall 9 and the base wall 10, a cylindrical chamber 11.

    [0011] The annular part 6 (or the corresponding region of the one-piece arrangement) defines, together with the inner cylindrical wall 9, the outer cylindrical wall 8 and the base wall 10, an annular chamber 12.

    [0012] The inner cylindrical chamber 11 is connected to a conduit 13, which passes through the annular chamber 12 and carries a conventional injector 14 for the gas which, by the venturi effect, draws the combustion air through intake apertures 15 present in the conduit 13.

    [0013] To the outer annular chamber 12 there is connected a similar injector 16 present in a conduit 17 provided with combustion air intake apertures.

    [0014] The injectors of the two chambers are connected by pipes 18, 19 to a two-exit cock 20 of known type connected to the gas source and controlled by one and the same knob 21 to feed gas to the inner chamber 11 from its minimum to its maximum value, and then, by rotating the said knob, to feed gas to the annular chamber 12, for example from its maximum to its minimum value, while feeding gas at maximum value to the inner chamber 11. If only that part of the burner corresponding to the chamber 11 is to be used (for cooking), the cock 20 is opened within a first adjustment range by which gas is controlledly fed to only that chamber. Flameless combustion of the air/gas mixture passing through the porous ceramic mass 5 covering the chamber 11 is triggered in known traditional manner. If the situation requires it, by operating the same cock with further rotation of the relative knob, the air/gas mixture is made to also controlledly enter the outer annular chamber 12, and is ignited by passage through the porous ceramic mass 6 covering the chamber 12, while the chamber 11 is fed at its maximum value, with the result that the entire porous mass (disc 5 plus ring 6) intervenes in heating the glass ceramic plate 2.

    [0015] The arrangement of Figure 4, in which parts equal or corresponding to those of Figures 1-3 are indicated by the same reference numerals plus the letter A, comprises two partly complementary adjacent chambers 11A and 12A, one cylindrical and the other similar to an annular sector, closed respectively by a discoidal part 5A of porous ceramic material and by a part 6A of shape matching that of the underlying chamber 12A. Again in this case gas flows to the two chambers via a cock controlled by the same knob. The two parts 5A and 6A can again in this case represent two regions of one and the same piece.

    [0016] The heat receiver, represented by glass ceramic discs in the embodiment of Figures 1-3, is in this case shaped relatively.

    [0017] In the two embodiments the heat receiver can be a single plate, for example rectangular, common to all the burners used, although the fact of having several heat receivers, each associated with its relative burner, enables the thermal efficiency to be increased by virtue of direct heat transfer between the hot combustion gases and the walls of the cooking utensil.

    [0018] Further advantages of the invention include: a) a wider range of utilization of radiant burners, the usual main drawback of which is that they operate correctly only within a narrow range of gas throughput, and b) enabling the number of cooking points 1 to be reduced when these burners are used in cooking hobs. The invention also extends to embodiments in which the radiant burner comprises three or more chambers, In that case, more than one electronically controlled valve or cock can be used.


    1. A burner of radiant atmospheric type, comprising a porous ceramic element positioned to close a first chamber (11, 11A) into which a gas/air mixture is fed, and at least a second chamber (12, 12A) adjacent to the first, both chambers being closed by the porous ceramic element (5, 6; 5A, 6A), characterised in that the feed to said two chambers takes place via a valve means (20) controlled by a single knob (21), wherein during a first part of the travel of its single knob (21), the valve member (20) controls the gas feed to the first chamber from a minimum to a maximum value, whereas during a second part of said travel it controls the gas feed to the second chamber and allows feed to the first chamber at maximum value.
    2. A burner as claimed in claim 1, wherein the porous ceramic element is common to the two chambers (11, 11A and 12, 12A).
    3. A burner as claimed in claim 1, wherein the porous ceramic element (5, 5A; 6, 6A) is separate for each of said chambers (11, 11A and 12, 12A).
    4. A burner as claimed in one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the two chambers (11, 12) are concentric.
    5. A burner as claimed in one or more of claims from 1 to 4, wherein the two chambers (11A, 12A) are side by side or adjacent.


    1. Atmosphärischer Strahlbrenner, umfassend ein poröses Keramikelement, das zum Schließen einer ersten Kammer (11, 11A), in die ein Gas/Luftgemisch eingespeist wird, und zumindest einer zur ersten benachbart gelegenen zweiten Kammer (12, 12A) positioniert ist, wobei beide Kammern durch das poröse Keramikelement (5, 6, 5A, 6A) verschlossen werden,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Gaseinspeisung zu den zwei Kammern über ein durch einen einzelnen Knopf (21) gesteuertes Ventilmittel (20) statt findet, bei dem das Ventilelement (20) während eines ersten Teils des Weges seines einzelnen Knopfes (21) die Gaseinspeisung zur ersten Kammer von einem Minimal- zu einem Maximalwert steuert, wohingegen es während eines zweiten Teils des Weges die Gaseinspeisung zur zweiten Kammer steuert und eine Einspeisung zur ersten Kammer bei einem Maximalwert gestattet.
    2. Atmosphärischer Strahlbrenner gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem das poröse Keramikelement den zwei Kammern (11, 11A und 12, 12A) gemein ist.
    3. Atmosphärischer Strahlbrenner gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem das poröse Keramikelement (5, 5A; 6, 6A) für jede der Kammern (11, 11A und 12, 12A) separat ist.
    4. Atmosphärischer Strahlbrenner gemäß einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, bei dem die zwei Kammern (11, 12) konzentrisch sind.
    5. Atmosphärischer Strahlbrenner gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem die zwei Kammern (11A, 12A) nebeneinander oder benachbart sind.


    1. Brûleur du type atmosphérique radiant, comprenant un élément céramique poreux pour fermer une première chambre (11, 11A) dans laquelle est alimenté un mélange gaz/air, et au moins une seconde chambre (12, 12A) adjacente à la première, les deux chambres étant fermées par l'élément céramique poreux (5, 6 ; 5A, 6A), caractérisé en ce que l'alimentation vers lesdites deux chambres se produit via un moyen formant valve (20) commandé par un unique bouton (21), de sorte que pendant une première partie du déplacement de son unique bouton (21), l'élément formant valve (20) commande l'alimentation de gaz vers la première chambre depuis une valeur minimum jusqu'à une valeur maximum, tandis que pendant une seconde partie dudit déplacement, il commande l'alimentation de gaz vers la seconde chambre et permet l'alimentation vers la première chambre à une valeur maximum.
    2. Brûleur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément céramique poreux est commun aux deux chambres (11, 11A et 12, 12A).
    3. Brûleur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément céramique poreux (5, 5 A ; 6, 6 A) est séparé pour chacune desdites chambres (11, 11A et 12, 12A).
    4. Brûleur selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les deux chambres (11, 12) sont concentriques.
    5. Brûleur selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel les deux chambres (11A, 12A) sont côte à côte ou adjacentes.


    Cited references


    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description